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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929251

ABSTRACT

Harmaline and harmine are β-carboline alkaloids with effective pharmacological effects. Harmaline can be transformed into harmine after oral administration. However, enzymes involved in the metabolic pathway remain unclear. In this study, harmaline was incubated with rat liver microsomes (RLM), rat brain microsomes (RBM), blood, plasma, broken blood cells, and heme peroxidases including horseradish peroxidase (HRP), lactoperoxidase (LPO), and myeloperoxidase (MPO). The production of harmine was determined by a validated UPLC-ESI-MS/MS method. Results showed that heme peroxidases catalyzed the oxidative dehydrogenation of harmaline. All the reactions were in accordance with the Hill equation. The reaction was inhibited by ascorbic acid and excess H2O2. The transformation of harmaline to harmine was confirmed after incubation with blood, plasma, and broken blood cells, rather than RLM and RBM. Harmaline was incubated with blood, plasma, and broken cells liquid for 3 h, and the formation of harmine became stable. Results indicated an integrated metabolic pathway of harmaline, which will lay foundation for the oxidation reaction of dihydro-β-carboline. Moreover, the metabolic stability of harmaline in blood should not be ignored when the pharmacokinetics study of harmaline is carried out.


Subject(s)
Animals , Harmaline/metabolism , Harmine/metabolism , Heme , Hydrogen Peroxide , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the influence of umbilical cord milking versus delayed cord clamping on the early prognosis of preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, Weipu Database, and SinoMed were searched for randomized controlled trials on umbilical cord milking versus delayed cord clamping in preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks published up to November 2021. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, two researchers independently performed literature screening, quality evaluation, and data extraction. Review Manger 5.4 was used for Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 articles were included in the analysis, with 1 621 preterm infants in total, among whom there were 809 infants in the umbilical cord milking group and 812 in the delayed cord clamping group. The Meta analysis showed that compared with delayed cord clamping, umbilical cord milking increased the mean blood pressure after birth (weighted mean difference=3.61, 95%CI: 0.73-6.50, P=0.01), but it also increased the incidence rate of severe intraventricular hemorrhage (RR=1.83, 95%CI: 1.08-3.09, P=0.02). There were no significant differences between the two groups in hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood transfusion rate, proportion of infants undergoing phototherapy, bilirubin peak, and incidence rates of complications such as periventricular leukomalacia and necrotizing enterocolitis (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with delayed cord clamping, umbilical cord milking may increase the risk of severe intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks; however, more high-quality large-sample randomized controlled trials are needed for further confirmation.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Hemorrhage , Constriction , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Prognosis , Umbilical Cord/physiology , Umbilical Cord Clamping
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 195-200, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928548

ABSTRACT

The goal of this study was to investigate the clinical application of free/total prostate-specific antigen (F/T PSA) ratio, considering the new broad serum total PSA (T-PSA) "gray zone" of 2.0-25.0 ng ml-1 in differential diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) and benign prostate diseases (BPD) in men over 50 years in Western China. A total of 1655 patients were included, 528 with PCa and 1127 with BPD. Serum T-PSA, free PSA (F-PSA), and F/T PSA ratio were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to assess the efficiency of PSA and F/T PSA ratio. There were 47.4% of cancer patients with T-PSA of 2.0-25.0 ng ml-1. When T-PSA was 2.0-4.0 ng ml-1, 4.0-10.0 ng ml-1, and 10.0-25.0 ng ml-1, the area under the curve (AUC) of F/T PSA ratio was 0.749, 0.769, and 0.761, respectively. The best AUC of F/T PSA ratio was 0.811 when T-PSA was 2.0-25.0 ng ml-1, with a specificity of 0.732, a sensitivity of 0.788, and an optimal cutoff value of 15.5%. The AUC of F/T PSA ratio in different age groups (50-59 years, 60-69 years, 70-79 years, and ≥80 years) was 0.767, 0.806, 0.815, and 0.833, respectively, and the best sensitivity (0.857) and specificity (0.802) were observed in patients over 80 years. The T-PSA trend was in accordance with the Gleason score, tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage, and American Joint Committee on Cancer prognosis group. Therefore, the F/T PSA ratio can facilitate the differential diagnosis of PCa and BPD in the broad T-PSA "gray zone". Serum T-PSA can be a Gleason score and prognostic indicator.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928179

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the MYB-related gene family has been found pivotal in plant growth and development. MYB-related gene family in Angelica dahurica var. formosana was systematically investigated based on "Chuanzhi No. 2" through transcriptome database search and bioinformatics and the temporal and spatial expression patterns were analyzed through real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction(PCR). The results showed that 122 MYB-related proteins family were identified, mainly including the unstable hydrophilic proteins with good thermal stability. Most of the proteins were located in nuclei. The majority of the proteins had the structures of random coil and α-helix. Five MYB-related proteins family of A. dahurica var. formosana had membrane-binding domains. The conserved domain analysis of MYB-related proteins family of A. dahurica var. formosana showed that the MYB domains of genes in five subgroups, similar to 2 R-, 3 R-, and 4 R-MYB proteins, contained three evenly distributed Trp(W) residues in the MYB repeat sequence. The phylogenetic analysis of MYB-related proteins family in A. dahurica var. formosana and Arabidopsis thaliana showed that the MYB-related members were unevenly distributed in five subgroups, and A. thaliana and A. dahurica var. formosana had almost the same number of genes in the CCA1-like subgroup. There were differences in the number, type, and distribution of motifs contained in 122 encoded proteins. Transcription factors with similar branches had similar domains and motifs. The expression pattern analysis showed that the transcription factors AdMYB53, AdMYB83, and AdMYB89 responded to hormones to varying degrees, and they were highly expressed in leaves and responded quickly in roots. This study lays a foundation for further investigating the function of MYB-related transcription factors of A. dahurica var. formosana and solving the corresponding biological problems such as bolting early.


Subject(s)
Angelica/chemistry , Animals , Computational Biology , Gastropoda , Phylogeny , Plant Leaves , Plant Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928156

ABSTRACT

Two new polyketides, lasobutone A(1) and lasobutone B(2), along with three known compounds, guignardianone C(3), guignardic acid(4), and 4-hydroxy-17R-methylincisterol(5), were isolated from the endophytic fungi Xylaria sp. by silica gel, MCI, and preparative HPLC, which was separated from the Chinese medicinal material Coptis chinensis and cultivated through solid fermentation with rice. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods, such as MS, NMR, IR, UV, and ECD. Compounds 2 and 4 showed inhibitory activities against the nitric oxide(NO) production in the LPS-induced macrophage RAW264.7 with IC_(50) values of 58.7 and 42.5 μmol·L~(-1) respectively, while compound 5 exhibited cytotoxic activities against HT-29 with IC_(50) value of 14.3 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Coptis chinensis , Endophytes/chemistry , Fungi , Polyketides/chemistry
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928152

ABSTRACT

Based on the combination of ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF) and Waters UNIFI software, the chemical constituents of the classic prescription Xiaochengqi Decoction were qualitatively analyzed and identified. The UPLC conditions are as follows: Acquity HSS T3 reverse phase column(2.1 mm ×100 mm, 1.8 μm), column temperature of 30 ℃, mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B), and flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1). High-resolution MS data of Xiaochengqi Decoction were collected in ESI~(+/-) modes by Fast DDA. The structures of the chemical constituents were tentatively characterized or identified by UNIFI software according to the retention time of reference standards and characteristic fragment ions in MS profile, and literature data. A total of 233 components in Xiaochengqi Decoction were identified, with 93 from wine-processed Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, 104 from bran-processed Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, and 36 from ginger-processed Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex. These 233 components included anthraquinones, flavonoids, lignans, alkaloids, coumarins, and phenylethanoid glycosides. The result provided experimental evidence for the further study on establishment of quality standard and product development of the formula.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , DDT/analogs & derivatives , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Rhizome/chemistry , Software
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1420-1428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924757

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to systematically analyze the antidepressant mechanism of Chaigui granules from the perspective of biological metabolic network by using integrated metabolomics and biological network analysis tools. The model of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) depression rat was established, and LC-MS-based plasma metabolomics was used to identify the key metabolites and analyze metabolic pathways underlying the antidepressant effects of Chaigui Granules. The key metabolites regulated by Chaigui granules was integrated with biological network analysis tools to further focus on the key metabolic pathways and explore the potential targets of the antidepressant effect of Chaigui granules. The results showed that there were significant differences in the plasma levels of 20 metabolites in the model group compared with the control group (P < 0.05), Chaigui granules significantly regulated 12 metabolites including docosatrienoic acid, 3-hydroxybutyric acid, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, chenodeoxycholic acid, cholic acid, L-glutamine, glycocholic acid, linoleyl carnitine, L-tyrosine, N-acetylvaline, palmitoylcarnitine, arachidonic acid. Further network analysis of the key metabolites regulated by Chaigui granules indicated that plasma arachidonic acid metabolism might be the core pathway for the antidepressant effect of Chaigui granules, with 10 proteins were potential targets for the antidepressant effect of Chaigui granules, including CYP2B6, CYP2E1, CYP2C9, CYP2C8, PLA2G6, PTGS2, ALOX15B, PTGS1, ALOX12 and ALOX5. The animal experimental operations involved in this paper was followed the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanxi University and passed the animal experimental ethical review (Approval No. SXULL2020028).

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1411-1419, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924756

ABSTRACT

Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) based metabolomics was applied to characterize the fecal metabolic profiles of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-depression (CUMS-D) and CUMS-resilience (CUMS-R) rats. The fecal biomarkers and metabolic pathways involved in CUMS-D and CUMS-R were screened and identified, revealing the underlying mechanisms of two different responses of the body to the same stresses. Firstly, the classic depression model, i.e. CUMS, was constructed. According to the fecal metabolomics profiles, the model rats were divided into two groups, i.e. the CUMS-D group and the CUMS-R group. And then, the depression statuses of CUMS-D rats and CUMS-R rats were verified by their sucrose preference rates. Lastly, multivariate data analysis was applied to clarify the fecal biomarkers and corresponding metabolic pathways involving in CUMS-D and CUMS-R. The results show that compared with the control rats, the sucrose preference rates of CUMS-D rats were significantly reduced. By contrast, the sucrose preference rates of CUMS-R rats had no significant difference. At the same time, CUMS-D and CUMS-R showed both unique and shared biomarkers and pathways. Three pathways are significantly related to CUMS-D, including taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, and arginine and proline metabolism. Glycerolipid metabolism and tryptophan metabolism are specific pathways related to CUMS-R. This study explores the mechanisms of the emergence of susceptible and resilience of rats under the same stimulus from a metabolomics perspective. The current findings provide not only a new perspective for studying depression, and personalized and precision treatments in clinic, but also the research and development of antidepressants.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1002-1005, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924221

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the anxiety, depression and sleep status of patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma(PACG)and primary open angle glaucoma(POAG).<p>METHODS: Retrospective clinical study. The Anxiety Self-Rating Scale(SAS), Depression Self-Rating Scale(SDS)and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI)were used to evaluate 60 patients with primary glaucoma(30 PACG, 30 POAG)diagnosed in the department of ophthalmology in our hospital during the period from June 2019 to December 2020 and 30 healthy adults from the physical examination department of our hospital as a control group. The scores of anxiety, depression and sleep quality in the three groups were compared.<p>RESULTS: The scores of SAS, SDS and PSQI in PACG and POAG groups(48.40±9.302, 53.40±8.625, 9.57±2.861; 42.57±9.684, 48.80±10.320, 7.23±2.223)were significantly higher than those in control group(37.03±6.805, 38.63±7.881, 4.87±2.688)(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of SAS and PSQI in PACG group were higher than those in POAG group(all <i>P</i><0.05). With SAS≥45, SDS≥50 and PSQI>7, the positive rates of anxiety, depression and insomnia in the PACG group(77%, 73%, 70%)were higher than those in the POAG group(43%, 40%, 37%)and the control group(13%, 10%, 20%)(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Patients with PACG has more severe anxiety, depression and insomnia than POAG, so necessary psychological intervention should be given.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 788-792, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923278

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of pregnant women with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 26 pregnant women with HBV-ACLF who were admitted to Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from June 2008 to July 2020, including age, gestational weeks at disease onset, parity, initial symptoms, complications on admission, laboratory markers [white blood cell count, hemoglobin, platelet count, alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin (TBil), albumin, serum creatinine, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, HBsAg, and HBV DNA], abdominal ultrasound, mode of delivery, fetus conditions, treatment measures, and prognosis. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test and the Fisher's exact test were used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Results Among the 26 patients, 8 died within 28 days after disease onset, and the mortality rate reached 30.8%. There were 22 multiparous patients, accounting for 84.6%, and HBV-ACLF often occurred in the third trimester of pregnancy (20/26, 76.9%), with a mean gestational age of 30.9±5.8 weeks. HBV-ACLF often had atypical clinical manifestations, and initial symptoms included weakness, poor appetite (21/26, 80.8%), and yellow urine (19/26, 73.1%). Compared with the survival group, the death group had significantly higher levels of TBil ( Z =-2.056, P =0.041), prothrombin time ( Z =-2.362, P =0.016), international normalized ratio ( Z =-2.528, P =0.009), and MELD score ( Z =-2.223, P =0.026), a significantly longer time from initial symptom to diagnosis ( Z =-2.468, P =0.021), significantly higher HBV DNA level ( χ 2 =7.571, P =0.021), degree of hepatic encephalopathy ( χ 2 =24.775, P < 0.001), and incidence rate of complications ( χ 2 =5.951, P =0.042), and significantly lower levels of fibrinogen ( Z =-2.667, P =0.006) and prothrombin time activity ( Z =-2.365, P =0.016). Conclusion HBV-ACLF is a serious complication in the third trimester of pregnancy and is often observed in multiparous patients, with an extremely high short-term mortality. It often has atypical clinical manifestations in the early stage, and high MELD score, high viral load, and complications often indicate a poor prognosis.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 716-723, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922896

ABSTRACT

This study identified the exact molecular mechanisms of baicalein on neuroinflammation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced BV-2 cells. Bioinformatics methods and molecular docking were integrated for predicting the potential targets and mechanisms of baicalein. Immunofluorescence staining and Western blot were used to analyze the predicted key targets [inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)], the expression level of protein related to signal transducer and activator of transcription 1/nuclear factor kappa-B (STAT1/NF-‍κB) signaling pathway and its upstream regulator NADPH oxidase-2 (NOX2), and then the mechanism of baicalein in alleviating neuroinflammation was explored. The results showed that iNOS and COX-2 were predicted as the key targets and NF-κB signaling pathway was one of the important pathways by bioinformatics methods and molecular docking. Experimental verification showed that baicalein could significantly reduce the expression of iNOS and COX-2, inhibit the phosphorylation of NF-κB and STAT1 and the production of NOX2 in LPS-induced BV-2 cells. To sum up, baicalein could effectively inhibit the inflammatory reaction in LPS-induced BV-2 cells through regulating NOX2 (gp91phox/p47phox)/STAT1/NF-κB pathway.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 783-792, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922891

ABSTRACT

Molecular mass distribution of Astragalus polysaccharides is wide. Astragalus polysaccharides prepared by conventional water extraction and alcohol precipitation are mostly mixture of macromolecules. Although studies have shown that Astragalus polysaccharides have two-sided immunomodulation, the relationship between anti-inflammatory components and molecular mass distribution of Astragalus polysaccharides is not clear. Therefore, Astragalus polysaccharides were extracted by water extraction and alcohol precipitation. The relative molecular weight of them was determined by high performance gel permeation chromatography (HPGPC). Astragalus polysaccharides with different molecular weights were separated and prepared by membrane separation. RAW 264.7 cells were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to establish an inflammatory cell model in vitro and the anti-inflammatory polysaccharide were screened. The anti-inflammatory regulation mechanism of Astragalus polysaccharides was analyzed by the LC-MS/MS metabonomics technology. The results showed that APS was composed of APS-Ⅰ ( > 2 000 kDa) and APS-Ⅱ (10 kDa). APS-Ⅰ was composed of mannose, rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, arabinose and the molar ratios of these monosaccharide of APS-I were 0.54∶0.26∶12.24∶17.24∶8.46∶1. APS-II was composed of rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, arabinose and the molar ratios of these monosaccharide of APS-II were 0.26∶0.14∶24.04∶0.62∶1. APS-Ⅰ and APS-Ⅱ had no cell toxicity to RAW 264.7 macrophage in the range of 0-100 μg·mL-1. Compared with the model group, APS-I at a concentration of 0-100 μg·mL-1could significantly inhibit the secretion of NO and TNF-α by RAW 264.7, and can significantly promote the secretion of IL-10. APS-I had better anti-inflammatory activity than APS-II in vitro. The metabolomics results showed that 32 different metabolites were found between the model group and blank group; APS-I group can significantly callback 18 different metabolites; mainly related to arginine biosynthesis, arginine and proline metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, citric acid cycle (TCA cycle), cysteine and methionine acid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism. This study found that APS-I had better anti-inflammatory activity than APS-II in vitro, and its mechanism may be closely related to amino acid metabolism and energy metabolism, which indicated the direction for further clarifying the pharmacodynamic material basis of Astragalus polysaccharides.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 565-569, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873799

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical features of acute hepatitis E (AHE) patients with or without severe jaundice and the risk factors for severe jaundice. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 179 AHE patients who were admitted to Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center Affiliated to Fudan University from January 1, 2018 to March 26, 2020. According to whether total bilirubin (TBil) was >171 μmol/L, the patients were divided into AHE-mild jaundice (AHE-M) group and AHE-severe jaundice (AHE-S) group, and the two groups were compared in terms of clinical data and laboratory markers. The t test or the Mann-Whitney U test or the chi-squared test was used for comparison, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors. ResultsOf all 179 patients, 101 (56.42%) were found to have severe jaundice. Compared with the AHE-M group, the AHE-S group had a significantly higher proportion of male patients (80.20% vs 61.54%, χ2=7.612, P=0.006), a significantly longer length of hospital stay [29 (19-45) days vs 18 (14-22) days, Z=-6.035, P<0.001], a significantly higher number of patients with liver failure (23 vs 0, χ2=18.373, P<0.001), and a significantly poorer prognosis (P<0.001). Compared with the AHE-M group, the AHE-S group had significantly higher baseline anti-HEV-IgM, alpha-fetoprotein, and liver elasticity (Z=-3.534, -3.588, and -4.496, all P<0.001), significantly lower baseline CD4 (Z=-2.015, P<0.05), significantly higher peak values of TBil, direct bilirubin, creatinine, prothrombin time, international normalized ratio, and absolute neutrophil count (Z=-11.016, -10.926, -2.726, -4.787, -4.989, and -6.016, all P<0.01), a significantly lower peak value of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) (Z=-4.55, P<0001), and significantly lower valley values of albumin, prealbumin (PA), and absolute lymphocyte count (Z=-4.685, -5.087, and -4.818, all P<0.001). The logistic regression analysis showed that anti-HEV-IgM (odds ratio [OR]=1.022, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1005-1.039, P=0.012), GGT (OR=0.995, 95%CI: 0.993-0.998, P=0.001), PA (OR=0.991, 95%CI: 0.983-0.999, P=0.02), and neutrophils (OR=1.486, 95%CI: 1.169-1.889, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for severe jaundice in AHE patients. ConclusionThere is a relatively high proportion of male patients among the AHE patients with severe jaundice, with a long length of hospital stay, a large number of patients with liver failure, and poor prognosis. Anti-HEV-IgM, GGT, PA, and neutrophils are independent risk factors for severe jaundice in AHE patients.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 528-537, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873761

ABSTRACT

The antidepressant effect of Xiaoyaosan has been demonstrated. It is of value to explore the biological mechanism of Xiaoyaosan in the treatment of depression from the perspective of functional modules by using the method of functional module division of the metabolic network. The differential metabolites and related enzymes and proteins regulated by Xiaoyaosan were identified in the database. Pathway enrichment analysis and crosstalk pathway analysis of Xiaoyaosan regulated metabolites was carried out. A network of differentially regulated metabolites and their enzymes and proteins was constructed by using the STRING tool. The CNM decomposition algorithm was used to extract the functional modules of the network and enrichment analysis of functional modules was carried out. The results show that Xiaoyaosan regulates 97 differential metabolites, 234 related enzymes and 258 depression-related proteins. The pathways crosstalk analysis was divided into two sub-networks, one of which is related to the neural system and cell signal transduction, the other is related to the endocrine system and metabolic pathways. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of the network and 9 functional modules extracted by the CNM algorithm shows that module 1 and module 3 belong to the pathways that can be enriched into more pathways with fewer proteins. The corresponding functions of these pathways include the endocrine system, amino acid metabolism, the nervous system and signal transduction. In this study, pathway crosstalk analysis and metabolic network module division strategies were used to explain the biological mechanism of Xiaoyaosan in the treatment of depression, providing ideas and methods for in-depth study of the pharmacological mechanism of this traditional Chinese medicine from the perspective of metabolic regulation.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 425-428, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873415

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common serious complication of end-stage liver disease. Intestinal microecology is closely associated with the development, progression, and prognosis of SBP, and bacterial translocation is the key pathogenesis of SBP. This article summarizes the intestinal microecology in patients with liver cirrhosis and briefly describes the mechanism of action of intestinal flora in the development and progression of SBP, thus providing a theoretical basis for the clinical regulation of intestinal microecology and treatment of SBP.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 316-320, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862434

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To assess the changes of posterior corneal elevation after small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE). <p>METHODS:A retrospective study was conducted on 120 patients(240 eyes)who underwent SMILE surgery with myopia. All patients were examined with the Pentacam of preoperation and 1d, 1wk, 1, 3, 6 and 12mo postoperatively, respectively. We analyze the change of the posterior corneal elevation of the apex, and the change of mean posterior corneal elevation in the circle of 2mm, and 6mm diameter.<p>RESULTS:Comparison among the three groups showed that the differences of apex and 2mm circle at a different time and between the groups were statistically significant(apex: <i>F</i><sub>time</sub>=30.09, <i>P</i><sub>time</sub><0.01; <i>F</i><sub>group</sub>=7.29, <i>P</i><sub>group</sub><0.01; 2mm circle: <i>F</i><sub>time</sub>=24.72, <i>P</i><sub>time</sub><0.01; <i>F</i><sub>group</sub>=7.44, <i>P</i><sub>group</sub>=0.01), and there was no statistically significant difference in interaction time and groups(apex: <i>F</i><sub>time×group</sub>=1.65, <i>P</i><sub>time×group</sub>=0.15; 2mm circle: <i>F</i><sub>time×group</sub>=1.81, <i>P</i><sub>time×group</sub>=0.25). The difference of 6mm circle at different time points after the operation was statistically significant(<i>F</i><sub>time</sub>=18.34, <i>P</i><sub>time</sub><0.01), while the difference in interaction time and groups was not statistically significant(<i>F</i><sub>group</sub>=2.21, <i>P</i><sub>group</sub>=0.12; <i>F</i><sub>time×group</sub>=1.34, <i>P</i><sub>time×group</sub>=0.25). In the low and moderate myopia groups, the changes of the apex, 2mm circle and 6mm circle in the posterior corneal elevation were statistically significant within 1mo after surgery(<i>P</i><0.05); In the high myopia group, there were statistically significant at the apex and 2mm circle within 3mo after surgery(<i>P</i><0.05); There was statistically significant after surgery at 6mm circle within 1mo(<i>P</i><0.05). In all cases, the difference of the posterior corneal elevation between 1wk and 1d was negative at the apex and 2mm circle, after that, the difference became positive and smaller. The reverse was true at the 6mm circle. <p>CONCLUSION:Among three groups after SMILE, the central posterior cornea was slightly backward, and the peripheral cornea was slightly forward, the changes were most obvious after 1wk and then returned gradually. It means the surgery was safe, stable, precise, and predictable.

17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 493-502, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922527

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Sleep disorders are common in older adults and have a negative influence on their physical and mental health. General aerobic exercises (GAEs) have long been used in the treatment of sleep disorders as a non-pharmacological measure. However, there is no consensus on the efficacy of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) for treating sleep disorders in older adults and the difference between TCEs and GAEs.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study assessed the effects of TCEs and GAEs on the sleep quality of older adults and the differences between these two interventions.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China Biology Medicine disc, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science Journal Database and Wanfang Data were searched from their inception to August 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effects of TCEs and GAEs on older adults with sleep disorders were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Data were extracted by two researchers working independently. The risk bias of included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions 5.1.0 and the quality of evidence was assessed using the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to estimate sleep quality. Meta-analyses were performed to assess the total PSQI score of the exercise intervention as the primary outcome, and the scores of subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, use of sleep medication and daytime dysfunction were assessed as secondary outcomes. Subgroup, sensitivity, and meta-regression analyses were conducted to assess the contribution of covariables to heterogeneity.@*RESULTS@#A total of 22 RCTs (including 1747 participants) were included in the meta-analysis. The results indicated that TCEs (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -2.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] [-2.82, -1.46], P < 0.001; heterogeneity: P < 0.001, I@*CONCLUSION@#Current evidence shows that both TCEs and GAEs, as complementary and non-pharmacological approaches, help to improve the sleep quality in older adults with potentially clinical implications; however, there was not enough evidence to conclude the difference between them. More rigorous and high-quality RCTs are needed to arrive at reliable conclusions.


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Exercise , Exercise Therapy , Female , Humans , Sleep Wake Disorders/therapy , Tai Ji
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1623-1630, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of lysosomal-associated protein transmembrane-4 Beta(Laptm4b) deletion on hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) homeostasis in mice.@*METHODS@#The hematopoietic system specific Laptm4b-deficient mice were constructed. The number and proportion of HSPCs (LSK, LT, ST, MPP, etc) in Laptm4b-deficient mice were analyzed by flow cytometry. Single SLAM-HSC cell was sorted by flow sorter and cultured in vitro to measure the effect of Laptm4b deletion on the colony forming ability of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). The effect of Laptm4b-deficient on the reconstitution ability of HSCs in mice was detected by competitive transplantation experiment of SLAM-HSC cells.@*RESULTS@#Laptm4b deficiency could moderately upregulate the proportion of T cells in the peripheral blood of the mice, but showed no significant effect on the proportion and number of HSPCs. Laptm4b deletion showed no effect on the reconstruction ability of HSCs after competitive transplantation, but it could inhibit the colony formation of HSCs in vitro.@*CONCLUSION@#LAPTM4B may play a role in HSCs under the proliferation stress. Laptm4b-deficient in mice hematopoietic system showed no significant effect on the HSPCs homeostasis maintenance and reconstruction ability.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Homeostasis , Mice , Transcription Factors
19.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 425-431, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889122

ABSTRACT

Background@#Increased sebum secretion is considered the main causative factor in the pathogenesis of acne. There is an unmet pharmacological need for a novel drug that can control sebum production with a favorable adverse effect profile. @*Objective@#To investigate the effect of azidothymidine on lipid synthesis in sebocytes and to identify the underlying mechanism of the inhibitory effect of azidothymidine on insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1-induced lipid synthesis in sebocytes. @*Methods@#Immortalized human sebocytes were used for the analysis. Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and Oil Red O staining were performed to evaluate lipid synthesis in the sebocytes. The differentiation, lipid synthesis, mitochondrial biogenesis, and mitophagy in sebocytes were investigated. @*Results@#TLC and Oil Red O staining revealed that azidothymidine reduced IGF-1 induced lipid synthesis in the immortalized human sebocytes. Azidothymidine also reduced IGF-1-induced expression of transcriptional factors and enzymes involved in sebocyte differentiation and lipid synthesis, respectively. Moreover, we found that IGF-1 upregulated the levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1α, LC-3B, p62, and Parkin, major regulators of mitochondrial biogenesis and mitophagy in immortalized human sebocytes. In contrast, azidothymidine inhibited IGF-1 induced mitochondrial biogenesis and mitophagy in the sebocytes. @*Conclusion@#These results suggest that azidothymidine downregulates IGF-1-induced lipogenesis by dysregulating the quality of mitochondria through suppression of mitochondrial biogenesis and mitophagy in immortalized human sebocytes. Our study provides early evidence that azidothymidine may be an effective candidate for a new pharmacological agent for controlling lipogenesis in sebocytes.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3252-3260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906843

ABSTRACT

Drug combination can effectively enhance the anti-tumor effect, reduce the drug dose, and improve medication safety. The use of nano-carrier for drug co-delivery can effectively avoid the differences in drug delivery behavior in vivo. Triptolide and celastrol are the main anti-tumor active components of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f. Modern studies have shown that the combination of triptolide and celastrol can significantly enhance the antitumor effect, but they are limited by poor water solubility and low tumor tissue delivery rate. In this study, a biomimetic erythrocyte membrane liposome co-loaded with triptolide and celastrol was prepared to characterize the morphology, particle size, potential, drug release, serum stability, and other properties. The immunogenicity, uptake behavior, and anti-cell proliferation ability of the biomimetic liposome was compared. All the animal experiments were carried out in accordance with protocol evaluated and approved by the Ethics Committee of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Chengdu, China). The results showed that the biomimetic erythrocyte membrane liposome co-loaded with triptolide and celastrol (C+T/RBCm@Lip) in this study had an average particle size of 119.12 ± 2.78 nm and a spherical "core-shell" structure. The zeta potential value was -16.9 ± 1.2 mV, and the drug release behavior in vitro was slow. In addition, the process of coating the cell membrane maintained the characteristics of erythrocyte membrane protein, had good stability in serum, and could effectively avoid the recognition and clearance of macrophages, without causing immunogenicity in vivo. The uptake effect of co-loaded biomimetic liposomes on HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells was enhanced compared with that of uncoated cell membrane liposomes, and the inhibitory effect on proliferation of HepG2 cells was enhanced. In conclusion, the biomimetic liposomes coated with erythrocyte membrane prepared in this study is beneficial to the anti-tumor delivery of triptolide and celastrol, and could enhance the inhibitory effect on the growth of HepG2 liver cancer cells, providing a new idea for the anti-tumor application of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f.

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