Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 107
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects and mechanisms of equol and its enantiomers on urethane-induced lung cancer in mice.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 5-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 8 groups: lung cancer tumor control group (CG), genistein control group (GCG), low dose racemic equol group (LEG), high dose racemic equol group (HEG), low dose R-equol group (LRE), high dose R-equol group (HRE), low dose S-equol group (LSE) and high dose S-equol group (HSE). Urethane was injected subcutaneously twice a week for 4 weeks to induce lung cancer and then the mice were fed for 4 months. The body weight and food intake of each group were measured and recorded weekly. After the mice were sacrificed, the blood, livers and lungs of the mice were collected. The incidence of lung cancer in each group was recorded. The concentration of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxydeoxygunosine (8-OHdG) were detected by the corresponding kits. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) in the livers. Between-group differences in body weight and food intake of the mice were compared using repeated measures ANOVA, and ANOVA for the differences between non-repeated measurements, with post hoc analysis using Tukey's method if there were between-group differences. Comparisons of categorical data were performed by chi-square test, and if there were differences between the groups, the Bonferroni method was used for pairwise comparison.@*RESULTS@#A total of 49 in the 120 mice developed lung cancer. The overall incidence of lung cancer was 40.8%. Compared with the control group, the incidence of lung cancers in each experimental group was lower, and the difference was statistically significant. The incidence of lung cancer in the high-dose experimental group was significantly lower than that in the low-dose experimental group. However, the incidence of lung cancer was similar in the three equol groups and the genistein group at the same dose. Compared with the control group, the high-dose experimental group had higher serum SOD concentration, lower MDA and 8-OHdG concentrations, and the differences were statistically significant. Western blotting analysis showed that the expression levels of Nrf2 protein in the experimental groups were higher than those in the control group except the low-dose racemic equol group, and the Nrf2 protein expression level in the high-dose equol groups was higher than that in the low-dose equol groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Racemic equol and its enantiomers mayinhibit lung carcinogenesis through antioxidant effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Equol , Genistein , Lung Neoplasms/prevention & control , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Superoxide Dismutase , Urethane/toxicity
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940800

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of sweroside on the protection of cardiac systolic/diastolic function during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. MethodTwenty-four healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, 10 μmol·L-1 sweroside group and 1 μmol·L-1 digoxin group. The I/R injury was modeled by Langendorff and ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The infarct size in each group was measured by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and hemodynamic parameters such as left ventricular diastolic pressure (LVDP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular end-systolic pressure (LVESP), maximum rate of rising of left ventricular pressure (+dp/dtmax) and maximum rate of decreasing of left ventricular pressure (-dp/dtmax) of rat isolated heart were detected by Powerlab. In addition, neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) were isolated and randomly divided into control group, model group, 1 μmol·L-1 sweroside group and 10 μmol·L-1 sweroside group. Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury model was established. Cardiac systolic function and calcium transients were examined by multi-functional cell imaging analyzer and laser confocal microscope. Furthermore, real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) was used to verify the mRNA expression of excitation-contraction coupling genes such as L-type calcium channel (Cacnb2), cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6A2 (Cox6a2), troponin (Tnnc1, Tnni3, Tnnt2), actin (Actc1), and myosin (Myh6, Myl2, Myl4) according to the results of previous transcriptome sequencing and literature investigation. Differentially expressed genes were subjected to cluster analysis. ResultCompared with the conditions in the control group, increased cardiac infarction size (P<0.01) and LVEDP (P<0.01) and decreased LVDP (P<0.01) and LVESP (P<0.05) were observed in the model group, with +dp/dtmax of increasing trend while -dp/dtmax decreasing. Moreover, the cell viability, heart rate and contraction amplitude of NRCMs was reduced (P<0.01), while the contraction duration, time to peak and relaxation time was elevated (P<0.01) in the model group. Interestingly, sweroside could reverse these indicators (P<0.05). In addition, the expression of Cacnb2, Cox6a2, Tnnc1, Tnni3, Tnnt2, Actc1, and Myh6, Myl2, and Myl4 was down-regulated in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01), but sweroside could up-regulate the expression of the above genes (P<0.05). ConclusionSweroside effectively regulated Ca2+ level in NRCMs, enhanced cardiac systolic function, and protected against H/R injury by regulating excitation-contraction coupling.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2177-2182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936587

ABSTRACT

For quantitative analysis of related substances in TSD-1 active pharmaceutical ingredient, structures of prepared impurities were confirmed by NMR and UHPLC-MS, and a high performance liquid chromatographic method was established to determine the related substances in TSD-1. The analytical column was an Agilent ZORBAX Eclipe XDB-C8 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 µm). The mobile phase A was 50 mmol·L-1 ammonium acetate solution (adjusted pH to 5.8 with acetic acid) and the mobile phase B was acetonitrile. The whole run was carried out by gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 240 nm and the column temperature was 30 ℃. The resolutions among peaks of TSD-1, impurity A, impurity B, TSD-D, and TSD-F were good. The calibration curves (n = 7) of TSD-1, impurity A, impurity B, TSD-D and TSD-F were linear in their respective weight ranges of 0.242-48.4 µg·mL-1 (r = 1.000 0), 0.244-9.75 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9), 0.244-4.80 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9), 0.254-1.02 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9), and 0.247-0.987 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9). The lower limits of quantitation were 0.244, 0.244, 0.254, and 0.247 µg·mL-1 for impurity A, impurity B, TSD-D, and TSD-F, respectively, and the average recovery of each impurity ranged from 99.08% to 103.00% with high accuracy. TSD-D and TSD-F were not detected in the three batches of TSD-1 active pharmaceutical ingredients, and impurity A and impurity B were not detected beyond the limit. The established HPLC method is simple, accurate, and suitable for determination of related substances of TSD-1, which can provide a valuable reference for the subsequent development of TSD-1.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 366-372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935397

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the characteristics and current situation of high risks related to cardiovascular disease among residents aged 35-75 in Beijing and to provide scientific reference for the formulation and improvement of cardiovascular disease prevention and control strategies and measures. Methods: According to the data of the Cardiovascular Disease Screening and Management Program in Beijing, 93 520 participants aged 35-75 in 8 districts of Beijing were selected for analysis. We used the χ2 test to compare the high-risk prevalence of cardiovascular disease in different population characteristics. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between population characteristics and the high risks of cardiovascular disease. Results: The prevalence of high-risk cardiovascular disease was 20.82% (19 471/93 520). The prevalence of high-risk population in the 65-75 years-old was significantly higher than those of other age groups [29.05% (5 151/17 733), χ2=3 359.37, P<0.001], and the prevalence increased with age (trend χ2=3 121.75, P<0.05). The prevalence of high risk in males was significantly higher than that of women (31.19%, 10 752/34 476 vs. 14.77%, 8 719/59 044, χ2=3 559.87, P<0.05). The most common clustered risk factors appeared as hypertension and diabetes (29.80%, 5 802/19 471), hypertension with smoking (37.84%, 4 069/10 752) in males, and hypertension with diabetes mellitus in females (49.32%, 4 300/8 719), in urban areas (33.62%, 2 571/7 647) and in suburbs (27.33%, 3 231/11 824). Lower education [high school (OR=1.56,95%CI:1.46-1.66), middle school (OR=1.99,95%CI:1.88-2.12), primary school and below (OR=2.28,95%CI:2.12-2.45)], non-Han ethnicity (OR=1.19, 95%CI: 1.07-1.33), unmarried (OR=1.16, 95%CI: 1.08-1.24), drinking alcohol (OR=3.06, 95%CI: 2.94-3.19), obesity (OR=1.85, 95%CI: 1.77-1.93), overweight (OR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.36-1.47), etc., were positively correlated with the high risk of cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: We noticed that the prevalence of high-risk groups of cardiovascular disease aged 35-75 years was around 20% in Beijing, and the proportion in males was higher than females. Low education, drinking, overweight, and obesity were positively correlated with the risks of cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Beijing/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Male , Middle Aged , Overweight , Risk Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927354

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the occurrence time of neuralgia and the expression of purinergic ligand-gated ion channel 7 receptor (P2X7R) in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord after intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) in diabetic rats, and to explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) and pretreatment of EA on the heat pain threshold and expression of P2X7R in the spinal dorsal horn in rats with diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP), and to explore the possible mechanism of EA for DNP.@*METHODS@#PartⅠ: Thirty male SD rats were randomly selected from 64 male SD rats as the control group; the remaining rats were given intraperitoneal injection of STZ (10 mg/mL) at a dose of 65 mg/kg to establish the diabetes model, and 30 rats were successfully modeled as the model group. The control group and the model group were divided into three subgroups respectively at 7, 14 and 21 days, with 10 rats in each subgroup. Body mass, fasting blood glucose (FBG) and thermal pain threshold were recorded at 7, 14 and 21 days after injection; the expression of P2X7R in spinal dorsal horn was detected by Western blot. PartⅡ: Eight SD rats were randomly selected from 35 male SD rats as the blank group, and the remaining 27 rats were given intraperitoneal injection of STZ (10 mg/mL) at a dose of 65 mg/kg to establish the diabetes model. The 24 rats with successful diabetes model were randomly divided into a DNP group, an EA group and a pre-EA group, 8 rats in each group. Fifteen to 21 days after STZ injection, the EA group received EA at "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Kunlun" (BL 60), continuous wave, frequency of 2 Hz, 30 min each time, once a day; the intervention method in the pre-EA group was the same as that in the EA group. The intervention time was 8 to 14 days after STZ injection. The body mass, FBG and thermal pain threshold were recorded before STZ injection and 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection; the expression of P2X7R in spinal dorsal horn was detected by Western blot 21 days after injection.@*RESULTS@#PartⅠ: Compared with the control group, in the model group, the body mass was decreased and FBG was increased 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.01), and the thermal pain threshold was decreased 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.05), and the expression of P2X7R in spinal dorsal horn was increased 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.05, P<0.01). PartⅡ: Compared with the blank group, in the DNP group, the body mass was decreased and fasting blood glucose were increased 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.01). Compared with the DNP group, in the pre-EA group, the heat pain threshold was increased 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.05), while in the EA group, the heat pain threshold was increased 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.01), and the expression of P2X7R in the dorsal horn in the EA group and the pre-EA group was decreased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The diabetic neuropathic pain is observed 14 days after STZ injection. EA could not only treat but also prevent the occurrence of DNP, and its mechanism may be related to down-regulation of P2X7R expression in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Male , Neuralgia/therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn
6.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 289-301, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926894

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of externalizing behavior problems (EBPs) and its influencing factors among Hui left-behind children (LBC) in rural China. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was conducted among school students from the southern rural areas in Ningxia, China (2012–2013). The general self-made questionnaire, Egma Minnen av Bardndosna Uppforstran, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (for Children), Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale, and Achenbach’s Child Behavior Checklist (for parents) were used to investigate the related information. Binary logistic regressions were conducted. @*Results@#The prevalence of EBPs in boys Hui LBC was significantly higher than that of non-LBC (12.37% vs. 6.84%, χ2=4.09, and p=0.04). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low self-awareness of behavior (odds ratio [OR]=29.78), introversion (OR=21.67) and intermediate personality (OR=15.83), poor academic performance (OR=11.65) and both parent migrating (OR=2.73) were the risk factors for the EBPs of Hui LBC, while middle and high father refusal and denial (OR=0.11, OR=0.09) were their protective factors. @*Conclusion@#Our findings suggest that both parent migrating is a potential risk factor for EBPs among Hui LBC. Hui boys LBC should be paid more attention when formulating relevant policies.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1976-1979, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887021

ABSTRACT

Three diarylheptanoids were isolated from the n-butanol fraction of Zingiber officinale peel by MCI Gel CHP-20, Sephadex LH-20, ODS and semipreparative high performance liquid chromatography. Their structures were identified by MS and NMR spectroscopy techniques: (2S,2'S,3R,3'R,4R,4'R,6R,6'R)-6,6'-bis((S)-1-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl)-2,2'-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)octahydro-2H,2'H-[3,3'-bipyran]-4,4'-diol (1), (E)-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hept-4-en-3-one (2), and alpinin B (3). Compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 2-3 were obtained from Zingiber officinale peel for the first time.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 53-56, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884840

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors for orthostatic hypotension(OH)in elderly patients with hypertension.Methods:This was a case-control study.A total of 224 patients with hypertension aged over 65 years were included.After resting for more than 5 minutes, subjects had their blood pressures measured in the supine and standing position at 0 min, 1 min, 2 min and 3 min.OH was defined as a fall in systolic BP of more 20 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)and/or diastolic BP below 10 mmHg of baseline within 3 min in the upright position.Subjects were divided into the OH group( n=34)and the non-OH group( n=190). Baseline data, comorbidities and differences in medications were compare between the OH group and the non-OH group, and the influencing factors for OH were analyzed. Results:The proportion of drinkers was higher in the OH group than in the non-OH group(29.4% or 10/34 vs.7.4% or 14/190, χ2=14.649, P<0.01). Both systolic pressure(139.0±22.1 mmHg vs.124.5±16.3 mmHg, t=-3.661, P<0.01)and diastolic pressure(77.6±6.3 mmHg vs.69.2±9.0 mmHg, t=-6.696, P<0.01)in the supine position were higher in the OH group than in the non-OH group.The proportions of patients with diabetes(47.1% or 16/34 vs.25.3% or 48/190, χ2=6.731, P<0.05)and stroke(41.2% or 14/34 vs.24.2% or 46/190, χ2=4.233, P<0.05)were higher in the OH group than in the non-OH group.The proportion of patients receiving α receptor blockers was higher in the OH group than in the non-OH group(23.5% or 8/34 vs.4.2% or 8/190, χ2=16.228, P<0.01). After adjusting for factors such as alcohol consumption, diabetes, stroke and other differences between the OH and non-OH group, logistic regression found patients with alcohol intake( OR=5.274, 95% CI: 1.990~13.982, P<0.01), diabetes( OR=2.744, 95% CI: 1.213~6.208, P<0.05)and using α receptor blockers( OR=8.812, 95% CI: 2.835~27.383, P<0.01)had a higher risk of OH. Conclusions:OH is very common in elderly patients with hypertension.Alcohol consumption, diabetes mellitus and the application of α receptor blockers can increase the risk of OH.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the antidepressant-like effect and action mechanism of geniposide and eleutheroside B combination treatment on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced depression mice model.@*METHODS@#Depression mice model was established by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. Totally 48 mice were randomly divided into 6 groups (8 rats per group) according to a random number table, including normal, model, fluoxetine (20 mg/kg), geniposide (100 mg/kg) + eleutheroside B (100 mg/kg), geniposide + eleutheroside B + WAY 100635 (0.03 mg/kg), geniposide + eleutheroside B+ N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor (NMDA, 75 mg/kg) groups, respectively. After continuous administration for 10 days, autonomic activity tests after 30 min of administration were performed on the 10th day. On the 11th day, except for the normal group, the mice in the other groups were intraperitoneally injected with LPS (1 mg/kg), and the behavioral tests were performed 4 h later. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- α) and interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β) levels in mice serum. The mRNA expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and nuclear transcription factor (NF- κB) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Western-blot analysis was used to detect IDO and NF- κB protein expressions in hippocampus tissue.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, a single administration of LPS increased the immobility time in the forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST, P<0.01), without affecting autonomous activity. Compared with the model group, fluoxetine and geniposide + eleutheroside B administration significantly improved the immobility time of depressed mice in the FST and TST, decreased serum IL-1 β content, inhibited the expression levels of NF- κ B gene and protein in hippocampus tissues (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the model group, geniposide + eleutheroside B treatment significantly reduced serum TNF-α content and inhibited IDO mRNA and protein expressions in hippocampus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In addition, NMDA partly prevented the inhibition of IDO mRNA expression by geniposide + eleutheroside B; NMDA and WAY-100635 also partly prevented the reduction of IL-1 ß content induced by geniposide + eleutheroside B treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of geniposide and eleutheroside B showed a certain antidepression-like effect. Its main mechanism of action may be contributed to inhibiting the activation of NF- κB, decreasing the proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1 β, and inhibiting in the neuroinflammatory reaction. Additionally, it also affects tryptophan metabolism, reduces the expression of a key enzyme of tryptophan metabolism, IDO. And this antidepressant-like effect may be mediated by 5-hydroxytryptamine and glutamate systems.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879804

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the influence of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) on the early prognosis of extremely premature infants, and to provide a basis for the management of extremely premature infants and prenatal consultation.@*METHODS@#A total of 179 extremely premature singleton infants who were born from 2017 to 2019 were enrolled. According to the presence or absence of PROM, they were divided into two groups: PROM group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-PROM group, the PROM group had significantly higher incidence rates of earlyonset sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (@*CONCLUSIONS@#PROM increases the incidence rates of early-onset sepsis and NEC in extremely premature infants and does not increase the incidence rates of other adverse outcomes. For pregnant women with PROM at the risk of extremely preterm delivery, prevention of miscarriage and chorioamnionitis is recommended to prolong gestational weeks, reduce the incidence rate of infection, and thus improve the outcome of extremely premature infants.


Subject(s)
Chorioamnionitis , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Female , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture/epidemiology , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Prognosis
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 680-686, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941335

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) and the degree of coronary atherosclerosis in coronary heart diseases (CHD) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Consecutive patients, who underwent coronary angiography due to suspected CHD in Beijing Hospital from November 2016 to January 2018, were screened in this cross-sectional study. According to blood glucose level, previous medical history and coronary angiography results, they were divided into CHD without type2 diabetes mellitus(CHD-nDM) group and CHD with type2 diabetes mellitus(CHD-DM) group. Plasma TMAO levels in each group were measured by LC-MS/MS. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between TMAO and the number of diseased vessels and Gensini scores. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between TMAO and high Gensini scores. Results: A total of 590 patients were enrolled in the study, including 238 patients in CHD-DM group and 352 patients in CHD-nDM group. Patients were older, body mass index, blood pressure level, prevalence of history of hypertension and statins use were higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (all P<0.05). The proportion of patients with multivessel disease (2 or more vessels) was also higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (P<0.001). Gensini score was higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (P<0.05). Fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and urea were significantly higher, while low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and hemoglobin were significantly lower in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (all P<0.05). The levels of TMAO was significantly higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (P<0.001). Spearman correlation analysis showed that TMAO was positively correlated with the number of diseased vessels, Gensini score, age and blood glucose level (r=0.178, 0.189, 0.260, 0.111, respectively, all P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that, TMAO level was still positively correlated with high Gensini score in CHD-DM group (OR=2.25, 95%CI 1.16-4.38, P=0.017), but not in CHD-nDM group (OR=1.29, 95%CI 0.72-2.31, P=0.386) after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, triglyceride, history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking and statin use. Conclusions: In CHD patients with tupe 2 diabetes mellitus, the plasma TMAO level is significantly increased and is independent and positively correlated with the degree of coronary artery disease.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921639

ABSTRACT

Five monoterpenoid compounds(1-5) were isolated and purified from the acetone fraction of the aqueous extract of Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens by MCI, Sephadex LH-20, silica gel, semi-preparative HPLC, and TLC. Their structures were identified with multiple spectroscopical methods including 1 D-NMR, 2 D-NMR, and MS. The five compounds were identified as(2E,6Z)-8-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl-(E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) acrylate(1),(2E,6E)-8-hydroxy-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-die-noic acid(2),(E)-1,8-dihydroxy-3,7-dimethyl-2-octenoic acid(3), linalyl-β-D-glucopyranoside(4), and β-D-glucopyranoside-(2E)-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-yl(5), respectively.Compound 1 was a new monoterpene ester, and compounds 4-5 were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Esters , Monoterpenes , Rhizome
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1017-1024, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921306

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are one of the primary transcription factors regulating oxygen balance, and their stability is determined by the hydroxylation state of the prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD) that is sensitive to oxygen. In recent years, studies have shown that HIFs-prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) oxygen-sensing pathway is involved in the process of cellular ferroptosis. Ferroptosis, a new type of cell death, different from necrosis, apoptosis, necrotizing apoptosis, and pyroptosis, is essentially a programmed death caused by the accumulation of iron-dependent lipid peroxides in cells. This paper focuses on the role and mechanism of the HIFs-PHDs oxygen-sensing pathway in cellular ferroptosis involved in nerve diseases, tumors, lung injury, and chemical nerve damage from three aspects of iron metabolism, lipid metabolism, and glutathione (GSH) synthesis/metabolism. This review will provide a theoretical basis and new ideas for the development of novel drugs targeting the HIFs-PHDs oxygen-sensing pathway and capable of regulating ferroptosis for the treatment of diseases related to ferroptosis such as nervous system diseases and tumors.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors , Ferroptosis , Oxygen , Prolyl Hydroxylases
14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1093-1096, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910970

ABSTRACT

Objective:The purpose of the study was to explore the association between red blood cell volume distribution width(RDW)and in-hospital mortality in elderly patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI).Methods:A total of 429 elderly patients aged ≥65 years diagnosed with acute STEMI were recruited for this study.These patients were divided into 2 groups according to the median RDW: the low RDW group(RDW<13.33%, n=213)and the high RDW group(RDW≥13.33%, n=216). The in-hospital mortality was compared between the groups, and the relationship between RDW and in-hospital mortality in elderly STEMI patients was analyzed.Results:The in-hospital mortality of the high RDW group was significantly higher than that of the low RDW group(12.0% or 26 cases vs.3.3% or 7 cases, P<0.01). After adjusting for differences in age, sex, mean erythrocyte volume, RDW grouping and Killip grade between the two groups, the risk of in-hospital death for patients in the high RDW group was 3.258 times that in the low RDW group( OR=3.258, 95% CI: 1.291-8.222, P<0.05). In addition, aging( OR=1.079, 95% CI: 1.003-1.161, P<0.05)and Killip grade ≥Ⅲ( OR=13.987, 95% CI: 6.136-1.879, P<0.01)were also associated with increased risk of in-hospital death in elderly STEMI patients. Conclusions:RDW is associated with in-hospital mortality in elderly STEMI patients and can predict in-hospital mortality of STMEI in elderly patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910841

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the gestational weight gain and its risk factors and adverse effects among pregnant women in Beijing.Methods:Between June 2018 and June 2019, all registered infants and their mothers in a child care center of a third-tier-class hospital in Beijing were selected. A self-made questionnaire was used to collect the basic information of the maternal mothers. Chi-square test and analysis of variance were used to describe the basic characteristics of the study subjects and clarify the harmful effect of gestational weight gain for maternal and infant health. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of both insufficient and excessive weight gain during pregnancy.Results:A total of 3732 maternal mothers and their babies were included. The average weight gain of maternal mothers during pregnancy was 13.0 kg. The results of this study showed that the proportion of insufficient weight gain during pregnancy was 31.8% and the proportion of excessive weight gain was 24.1%. It was further found that young age, pre-pregnancy body mass index indicating overweight and obesity, primipara, and low education were independent risk factors for excessive weight gain during pregnancy. The risk of excessive weight gain of pre-pregnancy overweight and obesity was 2.40 times ( OR=2.40, 95% CI=1.91-3.03, P<0.001) and 2.90 times higher, respectively, ( OR=2.90, 95% CI=1.59-5.27, P<0.001) when compared with that of pre-pregnancy normal weight. In addition, our results suggested that excessive weight gain significantly increased the risk of macrosomia for the infant and the risk of cesarean section, gestational hypertension, and postpartum weight retention for maternal mothers. Conclusions:Age, pre-pregnancy BMI, primipara, and education level were the influencing factors for gestational weight gain. Considering the serious harmful effects of both insufficient and excessive weight gain for maternal and infant health, weight management during pregnancy should be strengthened for these high-risk populations in the future.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 731-735, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the related factors affecting the prognosis of children with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC).Methods:Twenty children with PNAC admitted to Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2014 to December 2020 were selected as research objects by retrospective study. According to prognosis, children were divided into good (15 cases) and poor prognosis group (5 cases). Clinical data such as general condition, intravenous nutrition duration, related biochemical examination indexes and main treatment methods of children in the two groups were collected. Spearman correlation analysis was used to quantify the correlation between alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and poor prognosis. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis of children with PNAC, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of ALT on the prognosis of children.Results:There were no significant differences in gender, body weight, gestational age, age, feeding mode, duration of intravenous nutrition, direct bilirubin (DBil), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT), total protein (TP), serum albumin (Alb), globulin (GLB), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), platelet count (PLT), white blood cell count (WBC), red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), lymphocyte count (LYM), urine culture, AST/PLT ratio (APRI) and main treatment methods between the two groups. Total bilirubin (TBil), ALT, neutrophil count (NEU) and monocyte count (MONO) in the good prognosis group were significantly lower than those in the poor prognosis group [TBil (μmol/L): 120.00±48.63 vs. 175.26±29.14, ALT (U/L): 73.25±44.29 vs. 145.30±74.33, NEU (×10 9/L): 2.55±1.29 vs. 5.08±4.10, MONO (×10 9/L): 1.23±0.87 vs. 2.13±0.60, all P < 0.05]. Logistic regression analysis showed that ALT was the risk factor affecting the prognosis of children with PNAC, when ALT increased by 1 U/L, the probability of poor prognosis increased by 3.6% [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.04, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.00-1.07, P = 0.04]. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the incidence of poor prognosis was positively correlated with ALT ( r = 0.49, P = 0.03). ROC analysis showed that ALT had certain predictive value for the prognosis of children with PNAC [area under ROC cure (AUC) = 0.83, 95% CI was 0.00-1.00, P = 0.03]; when the cut-off value was 121.50 U/L, its sensitivity was 80% and specificity was 93%, suggesting that ALT could be used as the main indicator for clinical prediction of poor prognosis for PNAC. Conclusion:ALT is an independent risk factor of poor prognosis in children with PNAC.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2421-2427, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829378

ABSTRACT

We separated and purified five chemical constituents of dried ginger by Diaion HP-20, Sephadex LH-20, silica gel and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography. Five gingerols were identified by physicochemical properties and MS and NMR spectroscopy techniques: 4-(2-butyl-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-yl)-2-methoxyphenol (1), 4-(2-hexyl-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-yl)-2-methoxyphenol (2), 1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)tridecane-3,5-diol (3), [10]-gingerdiol (4) and 1-[1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy phenyl)-3-oxodecan-5-yl]pyrrolidin-2-one (5a, 5b). Compounds 1-3, 5a, 5b are new compounds.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817690

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To explore the function and mechanism of differentially expressed Apolipoprotein H(APOH) gene in liver failure by bioinformatics. 【Methods】Multiple chip datasets(GSE14688,GSE38941 and GSE96851) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (CEO)database. The differentially expressed genes were screened out based on P value < 0.05 and |log2FC| > 5. Biological function enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis of APOH gene, which was among the top ten key genes screened,was analyzed by Cytoscape and R,for further validation of expression of APOH in chronic hepatitis B virus-related liver failure.【Results】A total of 2 438 differentially expressed genes were screened,among which 1 162 were significantly up-regulated and 1 276 were significantly down-regulated. According to Protein-protein Interaction Network(PPIN)analysis,the top ten key genes were KNG1,IGF1,SPARC,APOH,CLU, SERPING1,TGFB2,CDC37L1,PCYOX1L and APOOL. High expression of APOH was found in chronic hepatitis B virus- related liver failure tissues and GeneMANIA predicted that APOH was associated with inflammation. GO analysis and KEGG analysis showed that APO,which was closely related to complement/coagulation cascade pathway and carbon metabolism pathway,positively correlated with C3(complement C3).【Conclusion】APOH is involved in the occurrence and development of liver failure by C3 regulating complement/coagulation cascade pathway and carbon metabolism pathway.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817637

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the sleep status of patients with chronic HBV infection【Methods】From January 2019 to June 2019 ,353 patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection in the outpatient department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University,using the sleepiness scale,insomnia scale,sleep quality scale,anxiety self- rating form and depression self- evaluation ,patients were scored and grouped according to sleep grading criteria. Patients were collected for gender,age,disease diagnosis,antiviral therapy,and educational level. Chi-square correlation test and multivariate logistic regression were applied to analyze the influencing factors of sleep. 【Results】 The overall sleepiness rate was 47.88%. The overall insomnia rate was 53.26%. There were 6.8% patients who had poor sleep quality. The risk factor of lethargy was the degree of anxiety(P = 0.000,OR = 3.076,95% CI 1.706~5.545). The risk factor of insomnia was anxiety(P = 0.000,OR = 14.693,95% CI 5.046~42.782)and depression(P = 0.002,OR = 2.279,95% CI1.340~3.877). The risk factor of sleep quality was anxiety(P = 0.000,OR = 9.990,95% CI 4.031~24.758).【Conclusions】 Patients with chronic HBV infection have a high proportion of subjective sleep disorders. The main influencing factor is mental state of the patient. A full understanding of the patients′ sleep status will help the patients′ treatment.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 334-343, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877961

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#High agglomeration of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in neuroblastoma (NB) impeded therapeutic effects. This study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of targeted inhibition of MDSCs by low-dose doxorubicin (DOX) to enhance immune efficacy in NB.@*METHODS@#Bagg albino (BALB/c) mice were used as tumor-bearing mouse models by injecting Neuro-2a cells, and MDSCs were eliminated by DOX or dopamine (DA) administration. Tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into 2.5 mg/kg DOX, 5.0 mg/kg DOX, 50.0 mg/kg DA, and control groups (n = 20). The optimal drug and its concentration for MDSC inhibition were selected according to tumor inhibition. NB antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) were prepared. Tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into DOX, CTL, anti-ganglioside (GD2), DOX+CTL, DOX+anti-GD2, and control groups. Following low-dose DOX administration, immunotherapy was applied. The levels of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-I, CD8, interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon (IFN)-γ in peripheral blood, CTLs, T-helper 1 (Thl)/Th2 cytokines, perforin, granzyme and tumor growth were compared among the groups. The Wilcoxon two-sample test and repeated-measures analysis of variance were used to analyze results.@*RESULTS@#The slowest tumor growth (F = 6.095, P = 0.018) and strongest MDSC inhibition (F = 14.632, P = 0.001) were observed in 2.5 mg/kg DOX group. Proliferation of T cells was increased (F = 448.721, P < 0.001) and then decreased (F = 2.047, P = 0.186). After low-dose DOX administration, HLA-I (F = 222.489), CD8 (F = 271.686), Thl/Th2 cytokines, CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes, granzyme (F = 2376.475) and perforin (F = 488.531) in tumor, IL-2 (F = 62.951) and IFN-γ (F = 240.709) in peripheral blood of each immunotherapy group were all higher compared with the control group (all of P values < 0.05). The most significant increases in the aforementioned indexes and the most notable tumor growth inhibition were observed in DOX+anti-GD2 and DOX+CTL groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low-dose DOX can be used as a potent immunomodulatory agent that selectively impairs MDSC-induced immunosuppression, thereby fostering immune efficacy in NB.


Subject(s)
Animals , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells , Neuroblastoma/drug therapy , Tumor Microenvironment
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL