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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 38-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969740

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the predictive value of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c/apolipoprotein A-1 (HbA1c/ApoA-1) ratio for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: The present study is a retrospective cohort study. ACS patients who were hospitalized and underwent coronary angiography at Beijing Hospital from March 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled. Baseline information such as sex, age, previous history, Gensini score, HbA1c and ApoA-1 were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to presence or absence of MACEs and the difference on HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio was compared between the two groups. According to the tertiles of HbA1c/ApoA-1 levels, patients were divided into high (5.87-16.12), medium (4.50-5.83) and low (2.11-4.48) HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups. Cox proportional risk model was used to evaluate the differences in MACEs and all-cause mortality among the three groups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the differences of MACEs between the various HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups. Results: A total of 366 ACS patients were included in this study. The mean age of the patients was (65.9±10.3) years. There were 59 MACEs and 10 all-cause deaths during the mean of (22.3±4.4) months follow-up. After adjusting for age, systolic blood pressure, history of diabetes and Gensini score, the incidence of MACEs was 2.45 times higher in the high HbA1c/ApoA-1 group than in the low HbA1c/ApoA-1 group (95%CI 1.16-5.18, P=0.019). There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality between the high and low HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups (P=1.000). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients in the high HbA1c/ApoA-1 group had the highest risk of MACEs, while patients in the low HbA1c/ApoA-1 group had the lowest risk of MACEs (P<0.01). Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that HbA1/ApoA-1 ratio was positively correlated with Gensini score in ACS patients (r=0.274, P<0.01). Conclusion: High HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio was an independent risk factor for MACEs in ACS patients. Patients with high HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio had more severe coronary artery disease lesions. HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio may be used as a potential risk stratification biomarker for ACS patients, it might be useful for the early identification of high-risk population and for predicting the incidence of MACEs among ACS patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Apolipoprotein A-I/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin/analysis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Predictive Value of Tests
2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 318-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965848

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical appropriateness and application value of the peroxidase (POD) method for the detection of unbound bilirubin (UB) in neonatal serum. MethodsHydrogen peroxide (0.33 mol/L) and three different final concentrations (0.019, 0.038, 0.075 μg/mL) of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) were added to standard bilirubin solution (1, 2, 3 μmol/L) to obtain a standardized HRP primary rate constant Kp. Then 25 μL of neonatal serum was diluted by 41.6 fold, and measured with 2.4 and 4.8 μg/mL HRP at 37 ℃ under the dark, to determine the UB concentration. The accuracy, precision, and stability of the methodology were validated. The clinical characteristics of 33 jaundiced neonates were collected, including total serum bilirubin (TSB), indirect bilirubin (IDB), albumin (ALB), bilirubin to albumin molar ratio (BAMR), etc. The experimental data were analyzed by Graphpad Prism 8.0. ResultsA standardized Kp of (7.20±1.08) mL·μg-1·min-1 was determined at pH 7.4±0.2, 37 ℃ in the dark. The HRP activity and UB concentrations remained stable at -20 ℃ for 3 weeks and a week, respectively. The mean intra-day and inter-day coefficients of variation of the serum samples with different UB concentrations were less than 10%. In this study, the UB concentrations in 33 jaundiced neonates (gestational age ≥35 weeks) were measured by the POD method in the range of (0.32~1.20) μg/dL, which was positively correlated with TSB, IDB and BAMR. Of the five infants whose UB concentrations measured more than 1 μg/dL, three received intensive phototherapy (60%). ConclusionsThe POD method combined with a standard equipment spectrophotometer to detect serum UB concentrations in neonates is easy to operate, rapid to detect, and low cost. This method has good accuracy and precision, which is convenient for clinical implementation. Moreover, the measurement of serum UB may assist us in better management of neonatal jaundice in clinical practice.

3.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 655-664, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982306

ABSTRACT

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is one of the leading causes of death in cardiovascular disease. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an important method for the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD), and it has greatly reduced the mortality of ACS patients since its application. However, a series of new problems may occur after PCI, such as in-stent restenosis, no-reflow phenomenon, in-stent neoatherosclerosis, late stent thrombosis, myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, and malignant ventricular arrhythmias, which result in the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) that seriously reduce the postoperative benefit for patients. The inflammatory response is a key mechanism of MACE after PCI. Therefore, examining effective anti-inflammatory therapies after PCI in patients with ACS is a current research focus to reduce the incidence of MACE. The pharmacological mechanism and clinical efficacy of routine Western medicine treatment for the anti-inflammatory treatment of CHD have been verified. Many Chinese medicine (CM) preparations have been widely used in the treatment of CHD. Basic and clinical studies showed that effectiveness of the combination of CM and Western medicine treatments in reducing incidence of MACE after PCI was better than Western medicine treatment alone. The current paper reviewed the potential mechanism of the inflammatory response and occurrence of MACE after PCI in patients with ACS and the research progress of combined Chinese and Western medicine treatments in reducing incidence of MACE. The results provide a theoretical basis for further research and clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Coronary Disease , Treatment Outcome , Stents/adverse effects
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2379-2386, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981314

ABSTRACT

As the disease with high morbidity and mortality in the world, heart failure affects the development of human society. Due to its complicated pathology and limited treatment options, it is urgent to discover new disease targets and develop new treatment strategies. As innate immune cells accompanied by the evolution of heart failure, macrophages play an important role in cardiac homeostasis and stress. In recent years, the role of macrophages in the heart has attracted more and more attention as a potential target for heart failure intervention, and the research on cardiac macrophages has made important progress. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has significant effects on regulating inflammatory response, treating heart failure, and maintaining homeostasis. In this article, researches on the functions of cardiac macrophages and application of TCM were reviewed from the source and classification of cardiac macrophages and the relationship of macrophages and cardiac inflammation, myocardial fibrosis, cardiac angiogenesis, and cardiac electrical conduction, which provided a basis for further basic research and clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Macrophages , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 88-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996814

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the mechanism of matrine in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) based on the zebrafish model and network pharmacology. MethodThe IBD model of zebrafish was established using 2,4,6-trinitro-benzenesulfonicacid (TNBS), and the intestinal phagocytic function, goblet cell secretion, and neutrophil aggregation were evaluated using neutral red staining, alcian blue staining, and neutrophil number changes. Changes in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and cholecystokinin (CCK) content in zebrafish were determined by using relevant reagent kits. Network pharmacology and molecular docking techniques were used to predict the potential mechanism of matrine in the treatment of IBD. Gene expression of relevant targets was verified through Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the model group, the matrine administration group can increase the neutral red staining area in a dose-dependent manner and improve intestinal phagocytic function(P<0.05,P<0.01). It can reduce the staining area of alcian blue and affect the secretion of intestinal goblet cells(P<0.01). It can reduce the number of neutrophil granulocytes, relieve its aggregation, significantly reduce TNF-α content(P<0.01), and increase the CCK content. Network pharmacology analysis identifies 28 potential targets for matrine in the treatment of IBD. The top five targets by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis are CHRNA7, DRD1, CHRNA4, SLC6A3, and GRM5. The Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) results show that the treatment of IBD with matrine may be related to neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, cholinergic synapse, and neutrophil extracellular trap formation. Real-time PCR results show that matrine can affect the expression level of related target genes. Conclusionmatrine has a certain therapeutic effect on IBD and can affect the inflammatory response of IBD. Its therapeutic effect may be related to neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction and other pathways.

6.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 1030-1037, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998996

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of chorionicity, gestational age at birth and birth weight discordance on neonatal outcomes in twin pregnancies. MethodsWe conducted a population-based retrospective study of monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies and dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) twin pregnancies who were admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University from January 2015 to December 2020. A total of 1504 live-born twins were included, with 386 cases in MCDA group and 1118 cases in DCDA groups, respectively. The comparison of neonatal outcomes between MCDA and DCDA twins was performed using t-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test. Logistic regression was performed to evaluate the effects of chorionicity, gestational age at birth, birth weight discordance and sex on neonatal outcomes. There were 168 live-born twins affected by inter-twin birth weight discordance≥25%, with 96 cases in MCDA group and 72 cases in DCDA groups, respectively. Logistic regression was performed to evaluate the effects of chorionicity, gestational age at birth, birth weight light or heavy (small twin or large twin) of the twin and sex on neonatal outcomes. ResultsAmong the 1 504 newborns, gestational age at birth was lower in MCDA group compared with DCDA group (P = 0.000), and the degree of birth weight discordance was higher in MCDA group than that of the DCDA group (P = 0.001). Birth asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and sepsis were more frequency in MCDA group compared with DCDA group (P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.000). Low gestational age at birth was an independent risk factor for birth asphyxia, RDS, BPD, sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)≥stageⅡ, acute kidney injury (AKI), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and neonatal death respectively (P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.011, P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.000). High degree of birth weight discordance was an independent risk factor for birth asphyxia, RDS, BPD, sepsis and ROP respectively (P = 0.045, P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.004, P = 0.017 ). Chorionicity was not an independent risk factor for neonatal morbidity and death (P > 0.05). Among the 168 twins with birth weight discordance ≥25%, low gestational age at birth was an independent risk factor for birth asphyxia, RDS, BPD, sepsis and ROP, respectively (P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.000, P = 0.000); small twin was an independent risk factor for birth asphyxia and BPD, respectively ( P = 0.013, P = 0.001); chorionicity was not an independent risk factor for neonatal morbidity (P > 0.05). ConclusionChorionicity was not an independent risk factor for adverse neonatal outcome in twin births. Low gestational age at birth and high degree of birth weight discordance were independent risk factor for adverse neonatal outcome in twin births. Small twins had increased risk of adverse neonatal outcome in twins with birth weight discordance ≥25%.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5838-5850, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008782

ABSTRACT

Jiming Powder is a traditional ancient prescription with good therapeutic effect in the treatment of heart failure, but its mechanism lacks further exploration. In this study, a mouse model of coronary artery ligation was used to evaluate the effect and mechanism of Jiming Powder on myocardial fibrosis in mice with myocardial infarction. The study constructed a mouse model of heart failure after myocardial infarction using the method of left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. The efficacy of Jiming Powder was evaluated from multiple angles, including ultrasound imaging, hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, Masson staining, Sirius Red staining, and serum myocardial enzyme spectrum detection. Western blot analysis was performed to detect key proteins involved in ventricular remodeling, including transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1), α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), wingless-type MMTV integration site family member 3a(Wnt3a), β-catenin, matrix metallopeptidase 2(MMP2), matrix metallopeptidase 3(MMP3), TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 1(TIMP1), and TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 2(TIMP2). The results showed that compared with the model group, the high and low-dose Jiming Powder significantly reduced the left ventricular internal diameter in systole(LVID;s) and diastole(LVID;d), increased the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening(LVFS), effectively improved cardiac function in mice after myocardial infarction, and effectively reduced the levels of myocardial injury markers such as creatine kinase(CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB), and lactic dehydrogenase(LDH), thus protecting ischemic myocardium. HE staining showed that Jiming Powder could attenuate myocardial inflammatory cell infiltration after myocardial infarction. Masson and Sirius Red staining demonstrated that Jiming Powder effectively inhibited myocardial fibrosis, reduced the collagen Ⅰ/Ⅲ ratio in myocardial tissues, and improved collagen remodeling after myocardial infarction. Western blot results showed that Jiming Powder reduced the expression of TGF-β1, α-SMA, Wnt3a, and β-catenin, decreased the levels of MMP2, MMP3, and TIMP2, and increased the level of TIMP1, suggesting its role in inhibiting cardiac fibroblast transformation, reducing extracellular matrix metabolism in myocardial cells, and lowering collagen Ⅰ and α-SMA content, thus exerting an anti-myocardial fibrosis effect after myocardial infarction. This study revealed the role of Jiming Powder in improving ventricular remodeling and treating myocardial infarction, laying the foundation for further research on the pharmacological effect of Jiming Powder.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/therapeutic use , Powders , Ventricular Remodeling , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Myocardium/pathology , Heart Failure/metabolism , Collagen/metabolism , Creatine Kinase , Fibrosis
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4747-4760, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008642

ABSTRACT

In this study, untargeted metabolomics was conducted using the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS) technique to analyze the potential biomarkers in the plasma of mice with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF) induced by a high-fat diet(HFD) and nitric oxide synthase inhibitor(Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride, L-NAME) and explore the pharmacological effects and mechanism of Jiming Powder in improving HFpEF. Male C57BL/6N mice aged eight weeks were randomly assigned to a control group, a model group, an empagliflozin(10 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) group, and high-and low-dose Jiming Powder(14.3 and 7.15 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) groups. Mice in the control group were fed on a low-fat diet, and mice in the model group and groups with drug intervention were fed on a high-fat diet. All mice had free access to water, with water in the model group and Jiming Powder groups being supplemented with L-NAME(0.5 g·L~(-1)). Drugs were administered on the first day of modeling, and 15 weeks later, blood pressure and cardiac function of the mice in each group were measured. Heart tissues were collected for hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining to observe pathological changes and Masson's staining to observe myocardial collagen deposition. Untargeted metabolomics analysis was performed on the plasma collected from mice in each group, and metabolic pathway analysis was conducted using MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that the blood pressure was significantly lower and the myocardial concentric hypertrophy and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction were significantly improved in both the high-dose and low-dose Jiming Powder groups as compared with those in the model group. HE and Masson staining showed that both high-dose and low-dose Jiming Powder significantly alleviated myocardial fibrosis. In the metabolomics experiment, 23 potential biomarkers were identified and eight strongly correlated metabolic pathways were enriched, including linoleic acid metabolism, histidine metabolism, alpha-linolenic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, purine metabolism, porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and pyrimidine metabolism. The study confirmed the pharmacological effects of Jiming Powder in lowering blood pressure and ameliorating HFpEF and revealed the mechanism of Jiming Powder using the metabolomics technique, providing experimental evidence for the clinical application of Jiming Powder in treating HFpEF and a new perspective for advancing and developing TCM therapy for HFpEF.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Heart Failure/metabolism , Powders , Stroke Volume/physiology , Chromatography, Liquid , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester/therapeutic use , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Biomarkers , Water
9.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2022 Dec; 70(12): 4228-4234
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-224728

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To investigate the change pattern of ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) and intra?ocular pressure (IOP) after short?term and long?term aerobic exercise. Methods: In this prospective, single?masked, randomized clinical trial, 123 patients with a primary open angle glaucoma that locally used prostaglandin analog alone were randomly divided into the exercise and control groups. In the short?term study, all individuals underwent a cycling exercise at moderate intensity (20% Wmax for 10 minutes) and high intensity (60% Wmax for 5 minutes). During the long?term study, the exercise group is characterized by regular jogging exercise lasting for 30 minutes during 6: 00–10: 00 in the morning for 3 months, with the exercise frequency of at least 20 times per month, and with the intensity reflected by the target heart rate. The control group is designed as a group with irregular exercise. Results: After short?term aerobic exercise, IOP significantly decreased, whereas the ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) significantly increased. The decreasing amplitude of IOP is related to the baseline of IOP, the intensity of exercise, gender, and so on. After 3 months of long?term exercise, the changes in the IOP level of the exercise group indicated a decreasing trend. Conclusion: The significant decrement of IOP and the increment of OPP suggest that aerobic exercise is beneficial for patients with primary open?angle glaucoma and appropriate aerobic exercise is appropriate in treating glaucoma patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 366-372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935397

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the characteristics and current situation of high risks related to cardiovascular disease among residents aged 35-75 in Beijing and to provide scientific reference for the formulation and improvement of cardiovascular disease prevention and control strategies and measures. Methods: According to the data of the Cardiovascular Disease Screening and Management Program in Beijing, 93 520 participants aged 35-75 in 8 districts of Beijing were selected for analysis. We used the χ2 test to compare the high-risk prevalence of cardiovascular disease in different population characteristics. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between population characteristics and the high risks of cardiovascular disease. Results: The prevalence of high-risk cardiovascular disease was 20.82% (19 471/93 520). The prevalence of high-risk population in the 65-75 years-old was significantly higher than those of other age groups [29.05% (5 151/17 733), χ2=3 359.37, P<0.001], and the prevalence increased with age (trend χ2=3 121.75, P<0.05). The prevalence of high risk in males was significantly higher than that of women (31.19%, 10 752/34 476 vs. 14.77%, 8 719/59 044, χ2=3 559.87, P<0.05). The most common clustered risk factors appeared as hypertension and diabetes (29.80%, 5 802/19 471), hypertension with smoking (37.84%, 4 069/10 752) in males, and hypertension with diabetes mellitus in females (49.32%, 4 300/8 719), in urban areas (33.62%, 2 571/7 647) and in suburbs (27.33%, 3 231/11 824). Lower education [high school (OR=1.56,95%CI:1.46-1.66), middle school (OR=1.99,95%CI:1.88-2.12), primary school and below (OR=2.28,95%CI:2.12-2.45)], non-Han ethnicity (OR=1.19, 95%CI: 1.07-1.33), unmarried (OR=1.16, 95%CI: 1.08-1.24), drinking alcohol (OR=3.06, 95%CI: 2.94-3.19), obesity (OR=1.85, 95%CI: 1.77-1.93), overweight (OR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.36-1.47), etc., were positively correlated with the high risk of cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: We noticed that the prevalence of high-risk groups of cardiovascular disease aged 35-75 years was around 20% in Beijing, and the proportion in males was higher than females. Low education, drinking, overweight, and obesity were positively correlated with the risks of cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Beijing/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Hypertension , Overweight , Risk Factors
11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 845-849, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the epidemiological characteristics and transmission chain of COVID-19 in Harbin, and to provide epidemiological evidence for improving the COVID-19 preventive measures and optimizing prevention and control strategies.Methods:The epidemic situation of COVID-19 in Harbin in January 2021 was analyzed by using the Infectious Disease Report Information Management System and the Public Health Emergency Management Information System of the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System, the epidemic situation information publicly released by the Heilongjiang Provincial Health Commission, and the epidemiological report of Heilongjiang Province Certer for Disease Control and Prevention and Harbin Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The main transmission chains were sorted out through combination of epidemiological field investigation, serological testing, gene sequencing, big data and other means.Results:From January 12 to February 4, 2021, 295 cases of COVID-19 infection (including confirmed cases and asymptomatic infections) were reported in Harbin, which affected 6 districts of Harbin and were concentrated in 41 of the 274 townships in the city. The sex ratio of male to female was 1.00∶1.12 (139∶156); the age ranged from 1 to 86 years old, and the median age was 45 years old. The proportion of confirmed cases and asymptomatic infection was 1.00 ∶ 1.02 (146 ∶ 149), and there was a significant difference in the distribution of different ages between them ( P = 0.042). The cases were mainly found through the health screening of the centralized isolation personnel (178 cases, 60.3%). Other detection methods included active screening (87 cases, 29.5%), screening of the home isolation personnel (26 cases, 8.8%), and medical treatment in medical institutions (4 cases, 1.4%). The main transmission chain of the outbreak was the case associated with a food processing enterprise, with a total of 259 cases, accounting for 87.8% of the total cases. The gene sequencing results showed that the case sequence was homologous with that of Wangkui County, Suihua City, Heilongjiang Province. Conclusions:A food processing enterprise is involved in the main transmission chain, which indicates that the epidemic prevention and control measures needs to be further optimized. Specifically, the supervision and management of food processing enterprises, cold chain storage companies and other enterprises should be strengthened. High attention should be paid to the hidden dangers of COVID-19 in large and medium sized enterprises with hermetic space in Harbin.

12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 173-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927354

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the occurrence time of neuralgia and the expression of purinergic ligand-gated ion channel 7 receptor (P2X7R) in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord after intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) in diabetic rats, and to explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) and pretreatment of EA on the heat pain threshold and expression of P2X7R in the spinal dorsal horn in rats with diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP), and to explore the possible mechanism of EA for DNP.@*METHODS@#PartⅠ: Thirty male SD rats were randomly selected from 64 male SD rats as the control group; the remaining rats were given intraperitoneal injection of STZ (10 mg/mL) at a dose of 65 mg/kg to establish the diabetes model, and 30 rats were successfully modeled as the model group. The control group and the model group were divided into three subgroups respectively at 7, 14 and 21 days, with 10 rats in each subgroup. Body mass, fasting blood glucose (FBG) and thermal pain threshold were recorded at 7, 14 and 21 days after injection; the expression of P2X7R in spinal dorsal horn was detected by Western blot. PartⅡ: Eight SD rats were randomly selected from 35 male SD rats as the blank group, and the remaining 27 rats were given intraperitoneal injection of STZ (10 mg/mL) at a dose of 65 mg/kg to establish the diabetes model. The 24 rats with successful diabetes model were randomly divided into a DNP group, an EA group and a pre-EA group, 8 rats in each group. Fifteen to 21 days after STZ injection, the EA group received EA at "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Kunlun" (BL 60), continuous wave, frequency of 2 Hz, 30 min each time, once a day; the intervention method in the pre-EA group was the same as that in the EA group. The intervention time was 8 to 14 days after STZ injection. The body mass, FBG and thermal pain threshold were recorded before STZ injection and 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection; the expression of P2X7R in spinal dorsal horn was detected by Western blot 21 days after injection.@*RESULTS@#PartⅠ: Compared with the control group, in the model group, the body mass was decreased and FBG was increased 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.01), and the thermal pain threshold was decreased 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.05), and the expression of P2X7R in spinal dorsal horn was increased 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.05, P<0.01). PartⅡ: Compared with the blank group, in the DNP group, the body mass was decreased and fasting blood glucose were increased 7, 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.01). Compared with the DNP group, in the pre-EA group, the heat pain threshold was increased 14 and 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.05), while in the EA group, the heat pain threshold was increased 21 days after STZ injection (P<0.01), and the expression of P2X7R in the dorsal horn in the EA group and the pre-EA group was decreased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The diabetic neuropathic pain is observed 14 days after STZ injection. EA could not only treat but also prevent the occurrence of DNP, and its mechanism may be related to down-regulation of P2X7R expression in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Neuralgia/therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn
13.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 289-301, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926894

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of externalizing behavior problems (EBPs) and its influencing factors among Hui left-behind children (LBC) in rural China. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was conducted among school students from the southern rural areas in Ningxia, China (2012–2013). The general self-made questionnaire, Egma Minnen av Bardndosna Uppforstran, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (for Children), Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale, and Achenbach’s Child Behavior Checklist (for parents) were used to investigate the related information. Binary logistic regressions were conducted. @*Results@#The prevalence of EBPs in boys Hui LBC was significantly higher than that of non-LBC (12.37% vs. 6.84%, χ2=4.09, and p=0.04). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low self-awareness of behavior (odds ratio [OR]=29.78), introversion (OR=21.67) and intermediate personality (OR=15.83), poor academic performance (OR=11.65) and both parent migrating (OR=2.73) were the risk factors for the EBPs of Hui LBC, while middle and high father refusal and denial (OR=0.11, OR=0.09) were their protective factors. @*Conclusion@#Our findings suggest that both parent migrating is a potential risk factor for EBPs among Hui LBC. Hui boys LBC should be paid more attention when formulating relevant policies.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 85-93, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940800

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of sweroside on the protection of cardiac systolic/diastolic function during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. MethodTwenty-four healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, 10 μmol·L-1 sweroside group and 1 μmol·L-1 digoxin group. The I/R injury was modeled by Langendorff and ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The infarct size in each group was measured by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and hemodynamic parameters such as left ventricular diastolic pressure (LVDP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular end-systolic pressure (LVESP), maximum rate of rising of left ventricular pressure (+dp/dtmax) and maximum rate of decreasing of left ventricular pressure (-dp/dtmax) of rat isolated heart were detected by Powerlab. In addition, neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) were isolated and randomly divided into control group, model group, 1 μmol·L-1 sweroside group and 10 μmol·L-1 sweroside group. Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury model was established. Cardiac systolic function and calcium transients were examined by multi-functional cell imaging analyzer and laser confocal microscope. Furthermore, real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) was used to verify the mRNA expression of excitation-contraction coupling genes such as L-type calcium channel (Cacnb2), cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6A2 (Cox6a2), troponin (Tnnc1, Tnni3, Tnnt2), actin (Actc1), and myosin (Myh6, Myl2, Myl4) according to the results of previous transcriptome sequencing and literature investigation. Differentially expressed genes were subjected to cluster analysis. ResultCompared with the conditions in the control group, increased cardiac infarction size (P<0.01) and LVEDP (P<0.01) and decreased LVDP (P<0.01) and LVESP (P<0.05) were observed in the model group, with +dp/dtmax of increasing trend while -dp/dtmax decreasing. Moreover, the cell viability, heart rate and contraction amplitude of NRCMs was reduced (P<0.01), while the contraction duration, time to peak and relaxation time was elevated (P<0.01) in the model group. Interestingly, sweroside could reverse these indicators (P<0.05). In addition, the expression of Cacnb2, Cox6a2, Tnnc1, Tnni3, Tnnt2, Actc1, and Myh6, Myl2, and Myl4 was down-regulated in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01), but sweroside could up-regulate the expression of the above genes (P<0.05). ConclusionSweroside effectively regulated Ca2+ level in NRCMs, enhanced cardiac systolic function, and protected against H/R injury by regulating excitation-contraction coupling.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2177-2182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936587

ABSTRACT

For quantitative analysis of related substances in TSD-1 active pharmaceutical ingredient, structures of prepared impurities were confirmed by NMR and UHPLC-MS, and a high performance liquid chromatographic method was established to determine the related substances in TSD-1. The analytical column was an Agilent ZORBAX Eclipe XDB-C8 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 µm). The mobile phase A was 50 mmol·L-1 ammonium acetate solution (adjusted pH to 5.8 with acetic acid) and the mobile phase B was acetonitrile. The whole run was carried out by gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 240 nm and the column temperature was 30 ℃. The resolutions among peaks of TSD-1, impurity A, impurity B, TSD-D, and TSD-F were good. The calibration curves (n = 7) of TSD-1, impurity A, impurity B, TSD-D and TSD-F were linear in their respective weight ranges of 0.242-48.4 µg·mL-1 (r = 1.000 0), 0.244-9.75 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9), 0.244-4.80 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9), 0.254-1.02 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9), and 0.247-0.987 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9). The lower limits of quantitation were 0.244, 0.244, 0.254, and 0.247 µg·mL-1 for impurity A, impurity B, TSD-D, and TSD-F, respectively, and the average recovery of each impurity ranged from 99.08% to 103.00% with high accuracy. TSD-D and TSD-F were not detected in the three batches of TSD-1 active pharmaceutical ingredients, and impurity A and impurity B were not detected beyond the limit. The established HPLC method is simple, accurate, and suitable for determination of related substances of TSD-1, which can provide a valuable reference for the subsequent development of TSD-1.

16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 244-248, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects and mechanisms of equol and its enantiomers on urethane-induced lung cancer in mice.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 5-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 8 groups: lung cancer tumor control group (CG), genistein control group (GCG), low dose racemic equol group (LEG), high dose racemic equol group (HEG), low dose R-equol group (LRE), high dose R-equol group (HRE), low dose S-equol group (LSE) and high dose S-equol group (HSE). Urethane was injected subcutaneously twice a week for 4 weeks to induce lung cancer and then the mice were fed for 4 months. The body weight and food intake of each group were measured and recorded weekly. After the mice were sacrificed, the blood, livers and lungs of the mice were collected. The incidence of lung cancer in each group was recorded. The concentration of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxydeoxygunosine (8-OHdG) were detected by the corresponding kits. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) in the livers. Between-group differences in body weight and food intake of the mice were compared using repeated measures ANOVA, and ANOVA for the differences between non-repeated measurements, with post hoc analysis using Tukey's method if there were between-group differences. Comparisons of categorical data were performed by chi-square test, and if there were differences between the groups, the Bonferroni method was used for pairwise comparison.@*RESULTS@#A total of 49 in the 120 mice developed lung cancer. The overall incidence of lung cancer was 40.8%. Compared with the control group, the incidence of lung cancers in each experimental group was lower, and the difference was statistically significant. The incidence of lung cancer in the high-dose experimental group was significantly lower than that in the low-dose experimental group. However, the incidence of lung cancer was similar in the three equol groups and the genistein group at the same dose. Compared with the control group, the high-dose experimental group had higher serum SOD concentration, lower MDA and 8-OHdG concentrations, and the differences were statistically significant. Western blotting analysis showed that the expression levels of Nrf2 protein in the experimental groups were higher than those in the control group except the low-dose racemic equol group, and the Nrf2 protein expression level in the high-dose equol groups was higher than that in the low-dose equol groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Racemic equol and its enantiomers mayinhibit lung carcinogenesis through antioxidant effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Body Weight , Equol , Genistein , Lung Neoplasms/prevention & control , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Superoxide Dismutase , Urethane/toxicity
17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 201-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014195

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of TRPC5 gene on the inflammation of cliabetie cardiomyopathy.Methods The biological functions of TRPC5 and the correlation between TRPC5 gene and other genes were analyzed by bioinformatics.Studies were performed in TRPC5 knockout ( TRPC5 ) and C57 mice.Mice were randomly divided into blank control and T2DM model groups, and the model was established by intraperitoneal injection of STZ (n = 10).The myocardial injury was detected by HE and Masson staining.Hie level of serum IL-1(3, IL-2, IL-6, IFN-7 and creatine kinase was examined by ELISA.Gene and protein expressions of IL-1(3, IL-2, IL-6 and TRPC5 were analysed by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively.Results By constructing the PPI network and analyses.the TRPC5 gene was identified to internet with a variety inflammatory genes and involved in immunity.The result of pathologieal section showed less myocardial damage and infiltrated immune cells in TRPC5 mice than in C57BL/6J mice.RT-PCR and serum results showed a lower expression of inflammatory factors in myocardium and serum obtained from TRPC5 model mice than in those obtained from C57BL/6J model mice.Conclusions TRPC5 participates in the development of dilated cardiomyopathy by regulating cardio- myocyte inflammation.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 731-735, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the related factors affecting the prognosis of children with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC).Methods:Twenty children with PNAC admitted to Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2014 to December 2020 were selected as research objects by retrospective study. According to prognosis, children were divided into good (15 cases) and poor prognosis group (5 cases). Clinical data such as general condition, intravenous nutrition duration, related biochemical examination indexes and main treatment methods of children in the two groups were collected. Spearman correlation analysis was used to quantify the correlation between alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and poor prognosis. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis of children with PNAC, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of ALT on the prognosis of children.Results:There were no significant differences in gender, body weight, gestational age, age, feeding mode, duration of intravenous nutrition, direct bilirubin (DBil), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT), total protein (TP), serum albumin (Alb), globulin (GLB), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), platelet count (PLT), white blood cell count (WBC), red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), lymphocyte count (LYM), urine culture, AST/PLT ratio (APRI) and main treatment methods between the two groups. Total bilirubin (TBil), ALT, neutrophil count (NEU) and monocyte count (MONO) in the good prognosis group were significantly lower than those in the poor prognosis group [TBil (μmol/L): 120.00±48.63 vs. 175.26±29.14, ALT (U/L): 73.25±44.29 vs. 145.30±74.33, NEU (×10 9/L): 2.55±1.29 vs. 5.08±4.10, MONO (×10 9/L): 1.23±0.87 vs. 2.13±0.60, all P < 0.05]. Logistic regression analysis showed that ALT was the risk factor affecting the prognosis of children with PNAC, when ALT increased by 1 U/L, the probability of poor prognosis increased by 3.6% [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.04, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.00-1.07, P = 0.04]. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the incidence of poor prognosis was positively correlated with ALT ( r = 0.49, P = 0.03). ROC analysis showed that ALT had certain predictive value for the prognosis of children with PNAC [area under ROC cure (AUC) = 0.83, 95% CI was 0.00-1.00, P = 0.03]; when the cut-off value was 121.50 U/L, its sensitivity was 80% and specificity was 93%, suggesting that ALT could be used as the main indicator for clinical prediction of poor prognosis for PNAC. Conclusion:ALT is an independent risk factor of poor prognosis in children with PNAC.

19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 680-686, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941335

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) and the degree of coronary atherosclerosis in coronary heart diseases (CHD) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Consecutive patients, who underwent coronary angiography due to suspected CHD in Beijing Hospital from November 2016 to January 2018, were screened in this cross-sectional study. According to blood glucose level, previous medical history and coronary angiography results, they were divided into CHD without type2 diabetes mellitus(CHD-nDM) group and CHD with type2 diabetes mellitus(CHD-DM) group. Plasma TMAO levels in each group were measured by LC-MS/MS. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between TMAO and the number of diseased vessels and Gensini scores. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between TMAO and high Gensini scores. Results: A total of 590 patients were enrolled in the study, including 238 patients in CHD-DM group and 352 patients in CHD-nDM group. Patients were older, body mass index, blood pressure level, prevalence of history of hypertension and statins use were higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (all P<0.05). The proportion of patients with multivessel disease (2 or more vessels) was also higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (P<0.001). Gensini score was higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (P<0.05). Fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and urea were significantly higher, while low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and hemoglobin were significantly lower in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (all P<0.05). The levels of TMAO was significantly higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (P<0.001). Spearman correlation analysis showed that TMAO was positively correlated with the number of diseased vessels, Gensini score, age and blood glucose level (r=0.178, 0.189, 0.260, 0.111, respectively, all P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that, TMAO level was still positively correlated with high Gensini score in CHD-DM group (OR=2.25, 95%CI 1.16-4.38, P=0.017), but not in CHD-nDM group (OR=1.29, 95%CI 0.72-2.31, P=0.386) after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, triglyceride, history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking and statin use. Conclusions: In CHD patients with tupe 2 diabetes mellitus, the plasma TMAO level is significantly increased and is independent and positively correlated with the degree of coronary artery disease.

20.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 534-541, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the antidepressant-like effect and action mechanism of geniposide and eleutheroside B combination treatment on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced depression mice model.@*METHODS@#Depression mice model was established by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. Totally 48 mice were randomly divided into 6 groups (8 rats per group) according to a random number table, including normal, model, fluoxetine (20 mg/kg), geniposide (100 mg/kg) + eleutheroside B (100 mg/kg), geniposide + eleutheroside B + WAY 100635 (0.03 mg/kg), geniposide + eleutheroside B+ N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor (NMDA, 75 mg/kg) groups, respectively. After continuous administration for 10 days, autonomic activity tests after 30 min of administration were performed on the 10th day. On the 11th day, except for the normal group, the mice in the other groups were intraperitoneally injected with LPS (1 mg/kg), and the behavioral tests were performed 4 h later. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- α) and interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β) levels in mice serum. The mRNA expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and nuclear transcription factor (NF- κB) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Western-blot analysis was used to detect IDO and NF- κB protein expressions in hippocampus tissue.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, a single administration of LPS increased the immobility time in the forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST, P<0.01), without affecting autonomous activity. Compared with the model group, fluoxetine and geniposide + eleutheroside B administration significantly improved the immobility time of depressed mice in the FST and TST, decreased serum IL-1 β content, inhibited the expression levels of NF- κ B gene and protein in hippocampus tissues (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the model group, geniposide + eleutheroside B treatment significantly reduced serum TNF-α content and inhibited IDO mRNA and protein expressions in hippocampus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In addition, NMDA partly prevented the inhibition of IDO mRNA expression by geniposide + eleutheroside B; NMDA and WAY-100635 also partly prevented the reduction of IL-1 ß content induced by geniposide + eleutheroside B treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of geniposide and eleutheroside B showed a certain antidepression-like effect. Its main mechanism of action may be contributed to inhibiting the activation of NF- κB, decreasing the proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1 β, and inhibiting in the neuroinflammatory reaction. Additionally, it also affects tryptophan metabolism, reduces the expression of a key enzyme of tryptophan metabolism, IDO. And this antidepressant-like effect may be mediated by 5-hydroxytryptamine and glutamate systems.

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