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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 402-407, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007261

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced liver injury is caused by the drug itself and/or its metabolites during drug use or occurs due to hypersensitivity or reduced tolerance to the drug in a particular body type. In the last three years of the diagnosis and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), antiviral drugs have played a very important role, but there are many reports on liver injury caused by anti-COVID-19 drugs in China and globally, with unknown pathogenesis of liver injury caused by such drugs. This article reviews the research advances in the types of antiviral drugs for COVID-19 and their mechanism in inducing liver injury, in order to promote the rational use of antiviral drugs.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1272-1275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of outcome-based education (OBE) combined with team-based learning (TBL) in the practice teaching of pediatric emergency and critical care nursing.Methods:A total of 84 nursing students who studied in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of The First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University were selected and divided into control group and observation group. The 41 nursing students in the control group received traditional teaching, and the 43 nursing students in the observation group received OBE+TBL teaching. The two groups were assessed in terms of theoretical knowledge, practical operation ability, clinical thinking ability, and self-learning ability after teaching, and the degrees of satisfaction with teaching and participation in teaching were compared between the two groups. SPSS 22.0 was used for the t-test and the chi-square test. Results:After teaching, the observation group had significantly better theoretical knowledge, practical operation ability, and self-learning ability than the control group ( P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher scores of learning engagement (recognition, behavior, emotion) ( P<0.05) and satisfaction with classroom effect, knowledge mastery, and learning interest ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of OBE+TBL teaching in PICU nursing students can effectively improve their self-learning ability and participation and help them to understand PICU nursing priorities and improve their practical operation ability.

3.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 993-997, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005963

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 The thermal effects of super-pulsed thulium fiber laser (TFL) at different powers,lithotripsy modes and irrigation rates were studied using a 3D kidney model to simulate ureteral lithotripsy in vivo. 【Methods】 A thermal effect model was established in vitro. Under the same conditions of laboratory temperature and equipment,the temperature around the optical fiber was measured and compared when different optical fiber diameters,powers,lithotripsy modes and irrigation rates were used to simulate lithotripsy by TFL. 【Results】 There was significant difference in the temperature around the optical fiber caused by two fibers with different diameters under the same conditions (P<0.05). Under the same conditions,different lithotripsic modes produced different temperatures,and the temperature of "high energy and low frequency" was lower than that of "low energy and high frequency" (P<0.05). When the power was 10 W and the minimum irrigation rate was 10 mL/min,the plateau temperature did not reach the safety threshold (43 ℃). When the power was 20 W and the minimum irrigation rate was 10 mL/min,the platform temperature exceeded the safety threshold. When the irrigation rate was 20 mL/min,the platform temperature did not reach the safety threshold. 【Conclusion】 In the study of ureteral lithotripsy in vitro,the power,mode,irrigation rate and optical fiber diameter are factors affecting the thermal effects of TFL. No matter what kind of lithotripsy mode and fiber diameter,the temperature around the fiber is safe when the lithotripsy power is ≤10 W and the irrigation rate is ≥10 mL/min;when the lithotripsy power is ≤20 W and the irrigation rate is ≥20 mL/min,the temperature around the fiber is safe.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 134-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the temperature rise curve and steady-state temperature of thulium and holmium laser in lithotripsy.Methods:This study was conducted from November to December 2021. Firstly, we designed an experimental water tank(10 cm×10 cm×10 cm) that can carry out constant temperature water bath, with a 8ml simulated renal pelvis, and can carry out constant velocity perfusion in the simulated renal pelvis. A 1 cm×1 cm×1 cm cubic artificial stone was placed in the simulated renal pelvis to perform 36.5℃-37.5 ℃ water bath. The simulated renal pelvis was closed with an oak plug, the temperature measuring probe and flexible ureteroscope were placed through the hole on the oak plug and entered into the simulated renal pelvis. Flexible ureteroscope was carried out by urologists. The lithotripsy lasted a total of 180 seconds for thulium and holmium laser respectively under different parameter settings (10 Hz×1.0 J, 10 Hz×2.0 J, 10 Hz×3.0 J, 20 Hz×0.5 J, 20 Hz×1.0 J, 20 Hz×1.5 J, the corresponding gravel power is 10 W, 20 W and 30 W respectively), the constant speed water pump flow rate was separate as the high flow rate group (35 ml/min) and low flow rate group (15ml/min), and leave a temperature probe 5mm around the optical fiber. Water temperature change during the lithotripsy was recorded by probes, the average of 10 temperature values of two probes measured every 5 seconds was taken as the water temperature value of this period, with a total of 216 time points in 6 parameter settings. Under the same parameter settings, the temperature of two lasers at each time point was plotted and compared to form the corresponding temperature rise curve. The average temperature in the last 30 seconds during lithotripsy in the record was used as the steady-state temperature, which of thulium and holmium laser lithotripsy was compared under the same parameter setting and the same water flow velocity. Finally, 43℃ was taken as the safety threshold temperature to evaluate whether the temperature of the two lasers during lithotripsy exceeds the safety threshold.Results:According to the temperature rise curve, the water temperature of thulium laser during lithotripsy was higher than that of holmium laser at 77.7% (168/216)of time points. At the flow rate of 15 ml/min, thulium laser was significantly higher than that of holmium laser at 10 Hz×1.0 J[(32.43±2.19℃)vs. (30.99±0.90)℃, P<0.01], 10 Hz×2.0 J[(41.21±3.30℃) vs. (38.13±1.26)℃, P<0.01], 10 Hz×3.0 J[(49.54±2.44)℃vs. (44.91±0.65)℃, P<0.01], 20 Hz×0.5 J[(32.75±1.41)℃vs. (30.84±1.16)℃, P<0.01], 20 Hz×1.0 J[(41.67±1.76)℃vs. (37.51±1.25)℃, P<0.01], 20 Hz×1.5 J [(47.54 ± 3.48)℃vs. (46.12±1.04)℃, P<0.01]. At the flow rate of 35 ml/min, the thulium laser was significantly higher than that of holmium laser at 10 Hz×1.0 J[(28.01±0.57)℃ vs. (26.84±0.97)℃, P<0.01], 10 Hz×2.0 J[(31.31±1.07)℃vs.(30.41±1.39)℃, P<0.01], 10 Hz×3.0 J[(33.29±0.70)℃vs.(32.25±2.55)℃, P<0.01], 20 Hz×0.5 J[(28.36±0.99)℃vs.(26.22±0.66)℃, P<0.01], 20 Hz×1.0 J [(30.80±2.06)℃vs.(30.08±0.78)℃, P=0.012], and the steady-state temperature was not significant different between two laser at 20 Hz×1.5 J [(34.54±3.08)℃ and(33.93±1.49)℃, P=0.163]. In the low flow rate group, thulium laser at 10 Hz×1.0 J, 10 Hz×2.0 J, 20 Hz×0.5 J and 20 Hz×1.0 J does not exceed the safety threshold temperature, while in the high flow rate group, any combination of laser parameters of the two lasers does not exceed the safety threshold temperature. Conclusion:Under the same laser parameter setting and flow rate, the thermal eff of thulium laser is more obvious. When using thulium laser for lithotripsy, the flow rate in the process of lithotripsy being faster than that of holmium laser with the same laser setting should be ensured to avoid tissue damage.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 901-905, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the preliminary clinical experience of endoscopic treatment of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma, and to analyze its indications and efficacy.Methods:The clinical data of 14 patients underwent endoscopic treatment for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma in our hospital from December 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, there were 5 males and 9 females, with a median age of 75.5(44-84) years. There were 11 patients with hematuria, 2 patients with flank pain and one asymptomatic patient. Five patients had a history of bladder cancer and one had a history of contralateral UTUC. There were 4 patients with solitary kidney, 3 patients with renal insufficiency, 1 patient with bilateral renal pelvis carcinoma, 4 patients prohibitory to nephroureterectomy because of poor general condition (American Society of Anesthesiologists score ≥3), and 2 patients were pathologically diagnosed as low-grade non-invasive urothelial carcinoma and requested renal preservation therapy. A total of 15 renal units included. The main tumor sites were renal pelvis in 6 renal units, upper calyx in 4 renal units, middle calyx in 3 renal units, and lower calyx in 2 renal units. The median tumor diameter was 2.0 (0.8-4.0) cm. All patients were diagnosed with urothelial carcinoma by preoperative computed tomography (CT/CTU), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and cytological or pathological biopsy. In 13 patients, ultrasond-guided percutaneous renal access and tract dilation were performed to establish a F24 standard tract. The tumor tissues were vaporized by 1470 semiconductor laser (60-80 W) or thulium laser (15-20 W) under nephroscopy, and electrocoagulation was used to coagulate the bleeding when necessary. Two patients were treated with felxible ureteroscope, under which tumor ablation was performed with 200 μm holmium laser fiber, and neodymium laser was used for hemostasis. The range of tumor vaporization ablation included 0.5-1.0 cm normal renal pelvis mucosa around the tumor, deep to the fatty layer of renal sinus. Biopsy was taken again at the base of the wound after vaporization ablation when necessary.Results:In this study, six sites were pathological high grade, 9 sites were pathological low grade tumors. Eight were in pathological T a stage, 5 in T 1 stage, and 2 in T 2 stage. The median blood loss was 20.0 (2-50) ml. There were 5 postoperative complications, including one patient with fever (body temperature >38.5℃) and 4 patients with hemorrhage requiring blood transfusion (postoperative hemoglobin <70 g/L) with 2-4 U suspended red blood cells.No patient underwent embolization. The median follow-up time were 31(11-70)months. Ten patients experienced recurrence, and the median time to recurrence was 11.3 (4-41) months. Four of them received conservative treatment after recurrence, including immunotherapy and radiotherapy in 1 patient, systemic chemotherapy in 1 patient, and watchful waiting in 2 patients. Three of them received repeated endoscopic treatment after recurrence, including 2 patients with percutaneous nephroscopic laser ablation and 1 patient with transurethral resection of bladder tumor, all of them survived during the follow-up period. Three patients underwent full-length nephroureterectomy after recurrence, 2 died and 1 survived during the follow-up period. Six patients eventually died, and the median time of death after surgery was 21(9-33) months. Five of them died from tumor-specific death and one died from gastric perforation. The median tumor-free survival interval were11 (4-41) months during the follow-up period. The 2-year tumor-specific survival rate was 78.6%, 50% for high-grade patients and 100% for low-grade patients. Conclusions:In patients who were in early stage (≤T 2) and intolerant to the nephroureterectomy, or with solitary kidney, renal insufficiency, or bilateral tumors, endoscopic treatment could be used as an alternative treatment approach for upper urinary tract epithelial carcinoma, especially for low-grade non-invasive patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 219-227, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873303

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the potential active ingredients and possible anti-breast cancer mechanism of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome and Aurantii Fructus based on the method of network pharmacology. Method::The main potential targets of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome and Aurantii Fructus on breast cancer were summarized by comparing the Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome-Aurantii Fructus active ingredients screened from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and breast cancer targets searched in Therapeutic Target Database (TTD). Cytoscape 3.7.1 software was used to establish a Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome-Aurantii Fructus active ingredients-target-disease network and perform topology analysis based on the network. Result::According to related conditions of drug-like (DL) and oral bioavailability (OB), the network of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome-Aurantii Fructus active ingredients-breast cancer target was obtained, covering a total of 133 nodes, 116 chemical components and 17 breast cancer drug targets, 109 active components of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome interacting with breast cancer drug target, 6 active ingredients of Aurantii Fructus interacting with breast cancer drug targets, and 1 common active ingredient of Aurantii Fructus and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome interacting with breast cancer targets. There were 400 breast cancer target-interaction target pairs in the network diagram. Conclusion::The anti-breast cancer effect of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome and Aurantii Fructus is based on the overall pharmacodynamic effect of multi-component, multi-pathway and multi-target, the investigation of its potential anti-breast cancer mechanism provides theoretical basis for further experimental research.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2670-2676, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803224

ABSTRACT

Background@#Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a contributing factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Non-invasive algorithms including fatty liver index (FLI) and hepatic steatosis index (HSI) have been used as a screening test for NAFLD in epidemiologic studies. The aim of this study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of FLI and HSI for NAFLD detection in adults with OSAHS.@*Methods@#We enrolled consecutive adult subjects who were newly diagnosed with OSAHS from March 2016 to January 2018. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasonography. The accuracy and cut-off point of the FLI and HSI to detect NAFLD were assessed by analyzing the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve and the maximum Youden index analysis, respectively.@*Results@#The 326 subjects were diagnosed as NAFLD according to ultrasound findings, while 105 subjects who had normal abdominal ultrasonography were grouped as controls. Both FLI and HSI values were significantly higher in patients with NAFLD compared with controls. The AUROC of FLI and HSI for predicting NAFLD was 0.802 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.762-0.839) and 0.753 (95% CI 0.710-0.793), respectively. The AUROC of FLI was significantly higher than that of HSI (P = 0.0383). The optimal cut-off value of FLI and HSI was 60 (sensitivity 66% and specificity 80%) and 35 (sensitivity 81% and specificity 60%), respectively.@*Conclusions@#Both FLI and HSI can serve as screening tools for NAFLD in OSAHS adults. The FLI shows better performance in diagnosing NAFLD than HSI.@*Trial registration@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (No. ChiCTR-OOB-15007253), http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11606.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2670-2676, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774864

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a contributing factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Non-invasive algorithms including fatty liver index (FLI) and hepatic steatosis index (HSI) have been used as a screening test for NAFLD in epidemiologic studies. The aim of this study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of FLI and HSI for NAFLD detection in adults with OSAHS.@*METHODS@#We enrolled consecutive adult subjects who were newly diagnosed with OSAHS from March 2016 to January 2018. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasonography. The accuracy and cut-off point of the FLI and HSI to detect NAFLD were assessed by analyzing the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve and the maximum Youden index analysis, respectively.@*RESULTS@#The 326 subjects were diagnosed as NAFLD according to ultrasound findings, while 105 subjects who had normal abdominal ultrasonography were grouped as controls. Both FLI and HSI values were significantly higher in patients with NAFLD compared with controls. The AUROC of FLI and HSI for predicting NAFLD was 0.802 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.762-0.839) and 0.753 (95% CI 0.710-0.793), respectively. The AUROC of FLI was significantly higher than that of HSI (P = 0.0383). The optimal cut-off value of FLI and HSI was 60 (sensitivity 66% and specificity 80%) and 35 (sensitivity 81% and specificity 60%), respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both FLI and HSI can serve as screening tools for NAFLD in OSAHS adults. The FLI shows better performance in diagnosing NAFLD than HSI.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (No. ChiCTR-OOB-15007253), http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11606.

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 220-222, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691778

ABSTRACT

Objective To adopt the capillary electrophoresis(HPCE) for detecting the contents of emodin,chrysophanol and rhein in the extract of rheum officinale.Methods The detection was executed with a fused-silica capillary column(67.4 cm× 75.0 μm,effective length 51.0cm) as the separation column.The buffer solution consisted of 60 mmol/L Na2B4O7,40 mmol/L Na2CO3 and 40 mmol β-cyclodextrin(pH 8.9).The detection wavelength was 254 nm.Results RSD of precision in emodin,chrysophanol and rhein was 1.79%,4.46% and 2.30%.respectively The linear range of 3 components was 1.1-19.0 mg/mL;the average recovery rates of emodin,chrysophanol and rhein were 100.14 %,99.65 % and 98.44 % respectively,RSD was 2.43 %,2.54 % and 2.02% respectively(n=3).Conclusion The method can be used in the content determination of rheum officinale extract.

10.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 597-601, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737243

ABSTRACT

This prospective study was conducted to compare risk factors and pregnancy outcomes between women with complete placenta previa and those with incomplete placenta previa diagnosed in mid-pregnancy.The study was carried out from April 2014 to December 2015,during which 70 patients with complete previa and 113 with incomplete previa between 20+0 weeks and 25+6 weeks of gestation were included.Maternal demographics and pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups.Comparisons between categorical variables were tested by chi-squared test and those between continuous variables by Student t test.Resolution ofprevia occurred in 87.43% of the studied women.The mean gestational age at resolution was 32.1±4.4 weeks.Incidence of maternal age ≥35 years and incidence of prior uterine operation >3 were high in women with complete previa (28.6%vs.8.8%,P=0.003;28.6% vs.8.8%,P=0.003).Resolution of previa occurred less often in complete previa group (74.3% vs.95.6%,P=0.001).Women with complete previa admitted earlier (37.3±2.0 weeks vs.38.1±1.4 weeks,P=0.011) and delivered earlier (37.7±1.2weeks vs.38.3±1.4 weeks,P=0.025).Maternal age ≥35 years and prior uterine operation >3 increase the risk of complete previa in mid-pregnancy.Placenta previa is more likely to persist in women with complete previa than those with incomplete previa diagnosed in midpregnancy.What is more,women with complete previa in mid-pregnancy deliversearlier.

11.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 597-601, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735775

ABSTRACT

This prospective study was conducted to compare risk factors and pregnancy outcomes between women with complete placenta previa and those with incomplete placenta previa diagnosed in mid-pregnancy.The study was carried out from April 2014 to December 2015,during which 70 patients with complete previa and 113 with incomplete previa between 20+0 weeks and 25+6 weeks of gestation were included.Maternal demographics and pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups.Comparisons between categorical variables were tested by chi-squared test and those between continuous variables by Student t test.Resolution ofprevia occurred in 87.43% of the studied women.The mean gestational age at resolution was 32.1±4.4 weeks.Incidence of maternal age ≥35 years and incidence of prior uterine operation >3 were high in women with complete previa (28.6%vs.8.8%,P=0.003;28.6% vs.8.8%,P=0.003).Resolution of previa occurred less often in complete previa group (74.3% vs.95.6%,P=0.001).Women with complete previa admitted earlier (37.3±2.0 weeks vs.38.1±1.4 weeks,P=0.011) and delivered earlier (37.7±1.2weeks vs.38.3±1.4 weeks,P=0.025).Maternal age ≥35 years and prior uterine operation >3 increase the risk of complete previa in mid-pregnancy.Placenta previa is more likely to persist in women with complete previa than those with incomplete previa diagnosed in midpregnancy.What is more,women with complete previa in mid-pregnancy deliversearlier.

12.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 261-266, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect and mechanism of davallia mariesil flavones (DMF) improving osteoporosis via Notch signaling pathway.Methods:(1) 120 cases patients with osteoporosis in our hospital from January 2016 to January 2017 were analyzed,and divided into experiment group (60 cases) and control group (60 cases) using digital random grouping method.Experiment group was treated with DMF combined with D-calfor.Control group was treated with D-calfor only.After treatment, the levels of serum calcium,serum phosphor,TNF-α,MCP-1 and IL-6 in serum were detected to evaluate the clinical efficacy.(2) Bone marrow stromal cells were separated and cultivate.NC group:DMEM(contain 10% FBS).RA group:RA(0.4 mmol/L).DMF+RA group:DMEM(contain DMF)+RA(0.4 mmol/L).Jaggedl+RA group:Jaggedl(1 000 μg/L)+RA(0.4 mmol/L).Jaggedl+DMF+RA group:Jaggedl(1 000 μg/L)+DMEM(contain DMF)+RA(0.4 mmol/L).DAPT+RA group:DAPT(16 μmol/L)+RA(0.4 mmol/L). DAPT+DMF+RA group:DAPT(16 μmol/L)+DMEM(contain DMF)+RA(0.4 mmol/L).Western blotting assays and PCR were performed to assess mRNA and protein levels of Notch-1,Hes-1.Results: (1) In clinical study,the effective rate in treatment group was obviously higher than control group (91.67%>76.67%,P<0.05).The levels of serum calcium and serum phosphor in the experiment group was higher than in the control group (P<0.05).The levels of TNF-α,MCP-1 and IL-6 in the experiment group was lower than in the control group (P<0.05).(2) In experimental study,compared with the RA group,the expressions of Notch-1,Hes-1 mRNA and protein were upregulated in Jaggedl+RA group,but were downregulated in DAPT+RA group,DMF+RA group (P<0.05). Compared with the Jaggedl+RA group,the expressions of Notch-1,Hes-1 mRNA and protein were downregulated in Jaggedl+DMF+RA group (P<0.05).Compared with the DAPT+RA group,the expressions of Notch-1,Hes-1 mRNA and protein were downregulated in DAPT+DMF+RA group (P<0.05).Conclusion:DMF could improve the condition of osteoporosis.The mechanism may be associated with inhibiting the Notch signaling pathway by DMF.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4738-4740, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for improving the teaching quality of pharmaceutical analysis course. METH-ODS:WeChat public platform was registered firstly,and supplement teaching was provided before class,during class and after class. RESULTS:WeChat public platform named Pharmaceutical Analysis of Chongqing Medical and Pharmaceutical College was registered and included 2 first-level-modules of"excellent resource"and"learning interaction",and 6 second-level-modules of"classic courseware""pre-course lesson plan""classic video""classroom exercises""question answering""classic case". Before class, students could preview through the platform;during class,the teachers could review teaching according to the platform;after class,the teachers could test students'learning results and answer questions for students,and students could consolidate classroom knowledge. Post-course effect evaluation showed that there was statistical significance in pass rate of student's grade between teach-ing reform class and control class (P<0.05). And the students of teaching reform class had good satisfactory degree (87.07%). CONCLUSIONS:WeChat mobile learning model supplements pharmaceutical analysis course,improves students'enthusiasm for learning and students,academic records. Students are satisfied with it. It can provide reference for improving the teaching quality of the course.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2543-2545, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619797

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for contents determination of luteoloside,quercetin and hyperoside in Lonicera japonica. METHODS:HPCE was performed silica capillary column with detection wavelength of 360 nm and separation voltage of 20 kV,electrokinetic sampling,sampling voltage of 15 kV,sampling time of 5 s,operation temperature of 25 ℃.The buffer was consisted of 60 mmol/L sodium tetraborate-50 mmol/L natrium carbonicum-50 mmol/L hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin(pH 9.2). RE-SULTS:The linear ranges of luteoloside,quercetin and hyperoside were 0.06-0.56mg/mL (r=0.9881),0.08-0.56 mg/mL (r=0.9892),0.06-0.49 mg/mL(r=0.9796),respectively. RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2.0%. The recoveries were 96.12%-99.77%(RSD=1.29%,n=6),95.90%-98.35%(RSD=0.89%,n=6),94.07%-97.45%(RSD=1.33%,n=6),respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple,accurate,stable and reproducible,and can be used for simultaneous determination of luteoloside,quercetin and hyperoside in L. japonica.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3054-3057, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504861

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the interaction mechanism between flavonoids and human serum albumin (HSA),and to compare the effects of different B-ring substitutions(hydroxyl,methoxyl group)of flavonoids on macromolecular receptor. METH-ODS:The interaction regularity between three flavonoids with different B-ring substitutions(quercetin,hesperetin,methyl hespere-tin) and HSA was studied with fluorescence spectroscopy,the fluorescence quenching types between 3 flavonoids and HSA were determined and analyzed,and the velated binding constant,binding site and thermodynamic parameters were calculated. RE-SULTS:The quenching constants (Ksv) and binding constants (KA) were decreased with the increase of temperatures. The number of binding site(n)was approximately equal to one,and the thermodynamic parameters ΔH0,the binding interaction of these compounds with macromolecules was influenced because of the difference of the B-ring substituents. CONCLUSIONS:The quenching mechanism between three flavonoids and HSA was static quenching;the number of binding site was one;the interaction force of the three compounds with HSA was mainly static electricity,and hydroxyl group in the B-ring was likely the major active group and exerted stronger binding force than methoxyl group to connect with macromolecules.

16.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 585-588, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464306

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of Jingyebaidu granules on treating cytomegalovirus ( CMV) infection during mid-pregnancy. Methods The sexually mature guinea pigs with no CMV infection history served as the subjects. Put the male and female ones in the same cages. Then the female ones were randomly divided into three groups during mid-pregnancy. Model control group:15 guinea pigs which were inoculated 1 mL suspension of GPCMV intraperitoneally. Jingyebaidu Medicine group:15 guinea pigs which were treated with Jingyebaidu(3. 09 mL·kg-1 ) through stomach perfusion after inoculation for 14 days. Normal control group:15 normal mid-pregnant guinea pigs. Viremia rates were examined 7 days after infection. All animals were sacrificed 20 days after infection. The placenta infection rate, pup infection rate, still-born rate were examined. Results Compared with the normal controls, the still-born rate was increased in model control group(8. 33% vs 34. 55%, P<0. 05). In comparison to the model control group, the GPCMV maternal infection rate(86. 67% vs 33. 33%), placenta infection rate (91. 67% vs 61. 22%), pup infection rate(90. 91% vs 48. 28%), still-born rate(34. 55% vs 15. 52%) were significantly decreased in the Jinyebaidu group (all P<0. 05). Conclusion Jinyebaidu granules could reduce maternal infection,pup loss, and placenta infection caused by CMV inoculation during mid-pregnancy.

17.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 166-168, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457328

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an HPLC method for the determination of artesunate in artesunate and amodiaquine hydrochloride tablets. Methods WondaSil C18-WR column was used with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile:phosphoric acid aqueous solution(adjust pH to 3,gradient elution);wavelength was 210 nm; flow rate was 1 mL/min and the column temperature was 30℃.Results The standard curve was linear in the range of 0.2~3.2 mg/mL(r=0.9997), average recoveries were 99.0%(RSD=1.35%, n=6).Conclusion The method is accurate and sensitive, and it can be used to control the quality of artesunate and amodiaquine hydrochloride tablets.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1368-1373, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456632

ABSTRACT

[ABSTRACT]AIM:ToinvestigatetheroleoftinyantisensenucleicacidagainstmiR-155(tinyantimiR-155, t-antimiR-155) in multiple myeloma cells .METHODS:According to the seed sequence of miR-155, t-antimiR-155 was designed and synthesized .t-antimiR-155 was transfected by Lipofectamine TM 2000 into RPMI-8266 cells.The cells were di-vided into t-antimiR-155 group, scrambled control (SCR) group and blank control group .The growth-inhibitory potencies were measured by MTT assay .The ability of cell colony formation was detected by cell colony formation assay .The cell ap-optosis was assessed by flow cytometry with annexin V /PI double staining .RESULTS: The best concentration and time were 0.4 μmol/L and 48 h, respectively.The cell colony forming experiment showed that the circumstances of forming cell community in t-antimiR-155 group was weaker than that in SCR group , and the colony formation inhibitory rate of former was significant higher than the latter .Compared with SCR group , the cell apoptosis in t-antimiR-155 group significantly in-creased.CONCLUSION: The t-antimiR-155 inhibits the progression of multiple myeloma cells by interfering with miR-155.miR-155 may serve as a potential target in gene therapy for treating multiple myeloma .

19.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 827-33, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636470

ABSTRACT

Cigarette smoke is associated with the development of several diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to investigate genotoxicity and heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) in human airway smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) exposed to cigarette smoke extract (CSE). HASMCs was exposed to CSE with different doses for 24 h. The level of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) was determined by using HPLC-ECD, the DNA damage was analyzed by using comet assay, and apoptosis was examined by using Annexin-FITC/PI staining. The production of Hsp70 after CSE stimulation was tested. Results indicated that CSE significantly increased the level of 8-OHdG, DNA damage and cell apoptosis, and reduced the production of Hsp70. In particular, levels of Hsp70 were inversely correlated with 8-OHdG, DNA damage and cell apoptosis. It was concluded that cigarette smoke induced genotoxicity and decreased the production of cell protective protein Hsp70, which may contribute to the development of some airway diseases.

20.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 827-833, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251386

ABSTRACT

Cigarette smoke is associated with the development of several diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to investigate genotoxicity and heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) in human airway smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) exposed to cigarette smoke extract (CSE). HASMCs was exposed to CSE with different doses for 24 h. The level of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) was determined by using HPLC-ECD, the DNA damage was analyzed by using comet assay, and apoptosis was examined by using Annexin-FITC/PI staining. The production of Hsp70 after CSE stimulation was tested. Results indicated that CSE significantly increased the level of 8-OHdG, DNA damage and cell apoptosis, and reduced the production of Hsp70. In particular, levels of Hsp70 were inversely correlated with 8-OHdG, DNA damage and cell apoptosis. It was concluded that cigarette smoke induced genotoxicity and decreased the production of cell protective protein Hsp70, which may contribute to the development of some airway diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , DNA Damage , Deoxyguanosine , Metabolism , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Lung , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , Smoke , Nicotiana , Toxicity , Tumor Cells, Cultured
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