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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773208

ABSTRACT

Xiyanping Injection is a commonly used medicine in clinical treatment,which is recommended by many pediatric disease guidelines/consensus. However,the instraction is relatively simple and lack of guidance for clinical application,which affects the efficacy and brings safety risks. Therefore,more detailed clinical guidance is urgently needed. This consensus is formulated by clinical experts of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine in pediatrics. This consensus follows Manual for the clinical experts consensus of Chinese patent medicine which published by China Association of Chinese Medicine. The study identified clinical problems using clinical investigation,searched the literature based on PICO clinical problems,using GRADE system to carry out evidences evaluation,classification and recommendation,and adopted the nominal grouping method to reach expert consensus. The consensus combines evidence-based evidence with expert experience,sufficient evidence of clinical problems would lead to " recommendations",and clinical problems with insufficient evidence will lead to " consensus suggestions". This expert consensus recommends the indications,intervention time for treatment,route of drug administration,dose conversion,the indications of being used alone,suitability and taboos of medicine combination,and introduces the safety and clinical application,to provide reference for clinical using.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Pediatrics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776661

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the use of antibiotics in children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in multiple regions of China, and to provide a reference for CAP standard treatment and rational antibiotic use in children.@*METHODS@#The medical data of 1 383 children with CAP who were hospitalized in the department of pediatrics in 10 grade A tertiary hospitals from 9 cities between April 14, 2014 and January 1, 2016 were reviewed, to analyze the status of antibiotic use in hospitalized children in North China, Northeast China, East China, and South China.@*RESULTS@#The overall rate of antibiotic use in children with CAP was 89.08%, with 88.7% in North China, 95.5% in Northeast China, 83.3% in East China, and 86.6% in South China. The main types of antibiotics used were cephalosporins, macrolides, compound preparations of β-lactam antibiotics, polyphosphoric broad-spectrum antibiotics and other β-lactam antibiotics. The selection of antibiotics was generally rational, but antibiotics were still used in some patients with viral infection alone or a combined use of ≥2 kinds of antibiotics were noted in some patients with infection caused by one kind of pathogen. Irrational antibiotic use was observed in 131 children (10.63%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are high rates of antibiotic use and irrational use of antibiotics among children with CAP. Standard management of antibiotic use in children with CAP should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Child, Hospitalized , China , Community-Acquired Infections , Drug Therapy , Humans
3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 388-393, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705052

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of broneol on acute lung injury(ALI) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods Male C57 mice were randomly di-vided into saline group, model group, broneol group and dexamethasone group, then the ALI mouse model was induced by instilling intratracheally with LPS. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),interleukin-1β(IL-1β),interleukin-6(IL-6) and keratinocyte-de-rived cytokine (KC) were measured at 6h, 12h and 24h after instillation of LPS, and the pathological changes of lung were observed. Mice alveolar macro-phages (MHS) and epithelial cells (MLE-12) were stimulated by LPS. After the stimulation of 1h, 3h, 6h,9h, 12h, 24h, the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in MHS cells and the contents of KC and macrophage in-flammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) in MLE-12 cells were measured. Results Broneol could inhibit the secre-tion of TNF-α,KC and IL-1β;the early effect of bro-neol on IL-6 was not obvious,but the later effect after the treatment of 24 hours was obvious. After LPS instil-lation 6h and 12h,Broneol could significantly improve lung tissue pathological changes. Broneol had no effect on TNF-α secretion of MHS cells, but it obviously af-fected IL-6 secretion in the later stage. In addition, broneol significantly inhibited KC and MIP2 secretion in MLE-12 cells at the later stage of LPS stimulation. Conclusions Broneol can protect LPS-induced acute lung injury. The mechanism may be related to the inhi-bition of the release of inflammatory factors,the activa-tion of inflammatory cells and the aggregation of neutro-phils.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690424

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the impact of conservative laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis with postoperative gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) therapy on the pregnancy outcomes in patients with endometriosis-associated infertility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data were collected from the patients with endometriosis-associated infertility undergoing conservative laparoscopic surgery in our department between January, 2011 and December, 2016. The patients were divided into laparoscopic surgery only group (without any other treatments) and postoperative GnRha therapy group, and the pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups at different time points during the follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In cases with moderate or severe endometriosis, laparoscopic surgery with postoperative GnRha therapy was associated with a significantly higher clinical pregnancy rate than laparoscopic surgery alone (P<0.05). In patients receiving postoperative GnRha therapy, the accumulative pregnancy rates at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after discontinuation of GnRha therapy were significantly higher than those in patients receiving laparoscopic surgery alone. The pregnancy rate following IVF-ET cycles was significantly higher than the spontaneous pregnancy rate in patients receiving conservative laparoscopic surgery alone (P<0.05), while such a difference was not found in patients with postoperative GnRHa therapy (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>GnRHa therapy after conservative laparoscopic surgery can significantly increase the clinical pregnancy rate in infertile 6 months women with moderate or severe endometriosis but not in mild cases. Within 6 months following laparoscopic surgery or following discontinuation of GnRHa therapy is the optimal time window for pregnancy, and a longer time from therapy discontinuation is associated with a lower possibility of spontaneous pregnancy.</p>

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694038

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the therapeutic potential of miR-21 in rat model of chemotherapy-induced premature ovarian failure (POF).Methods Lentivirus-mediated miR-21 (LV-miR-21) was constructed successfully in vitro with molecular biology methods.Rats were divided into 4 groups named control group,model group,blank vector group and miR-21 group.Rat models of chem0therapy-induced POF were established in the latter 3 groups by intraperitoneal injection ofcytoxan (CTX).Bilateral ovaries of rats in miR-21 group were injected with LV-miR-21,of rats in blank vector group were injected with lentivirus vector,and rats in model group received no treatment.At 1,15,30,45 and 60 days after the last injection,blood sample was collected,the rats were then sacrificed and the ovaries were removed.The estrous cycle was observed by vaginal smears.The E2 level was detected by chemiluminescent immunoassay,and the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level was detected by homologous double antibody radiation immunoassay.Ovary weights were measured,and the follicle count was conducted through observing paraffin section under microscope.The apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells was analyzed by TUNEL assay.Results During 15-30 days,30-45 days and 45-60 days after the last injection,regular estrous cycle was recovered respectively in 8,5 and 3 rats in miR-21 group.At the 15th,30th,45th and 60th day after the last injection,the E2 level was higher in miR-21 group than in model group and blank vector group,but the FSH level showed the opposite trend (P=0.000).At the 45th and 60th day after the last injection,the follicle numbers at all stages increased markedly in miR-21 group than in model group and blank vector group (P=0.000).At the 30th,45th and 60th day after the last injection,the ovary weights were higher in miR-21 group than in model group and blank vector group.At the 15th,30th,45th and 60th day after the last injection,the apoptosis rate of ovarian granulosa cell were significantly lower in miR-21 group than in model group and blank vector group (P=0.000).Conclusion Up-regulation of miR-21 expression may partly recover the ovarian structure and function damaged by CTX.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258411

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Choudongning (CDN)capsule in children with Tourette's syndrome of spleen deficiency and phlegm accumulation through a randomized double-blind three-arm controlled phase Ⅲ study in 588 patients from 8 hospitals. The included patients were randomly divided into test group, positive control group and placebo group at the ratio of 3∶1∶1. Patients in the test group orally took CDN capsules and simulated Tiapridal tablets; the patients in positive control group took Tiapridal tablets and simulated CDN capsules; whereas the patients in placebo group orally took the simulated agents of the above two drugs. The treatment course was 6 weeks for three groups. The global grading rates, YGTSS scores and its factor scores, the degree of social function damage, as well as traditional Chinese medicine syndrome efficacy were evaluated as the outcome measures on efficacy. The AEs/ADRs, vital signs and laboratory testing were observed as outcome measures on safety. The total effective rate of YGTSS was 75.92% in the test group, 72.65% in the positive control group, and 37.29% in the placebo group. Non inferiority test stands between the test group and the positive control group, and they were superior to placebo group in efficacy with statistical difference. Significant difference had also been found among the 3 groups in YGTSS tics score, motor tics score, vocal tics, degree of social function damage and traditional Chinese medicine syndrome efficacy. During the study, there were 5 (1.42%)ADRs in the test group, 10 (8.55%)in the positive control group and 3 (2.54%)in the placebo group. The incidence of ADRs in the test group was lower than that in the positive control group, with statistical difference. It is clear to say that CDN capsule can effectively treat the Tourette's syndrome of spleen deficiency and phlegm accumulation. Its efficacy is not inferior to the commonly used Tiapridal tablets, with even less adverse reactions, so it has clinical application value.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286896

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of Foxo3a gene over-expression on the development of rat ovarian granulosa cells and in prevention of cisplatin-induced ovarian damage in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat ovarian granulose cells released mechanically from the ovaries were cultured in vitro and identified with HE staining and immunohistochemical staining for FSHR. A recombinant adenovirus carrying Foxo3a gene was constructed for infecting the granulose cells, and the cell growth and expressions of cyclin D1, p27, Bax, and Bim were detected; the cell apoptosis and cell cycle changes were detected using Hoechst/PI 33342 staining and flow cytometry, respectively. The transfected cells were challenged with cisplatin and the cell apoptosis was detected with flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Over 90% of the cultured cells survived and contained more than 95% ovarian granulose cells. Infection of the cells with the recombinant adenovirus resulted in over-expressions of Foxo3a at the mRNA and protein levels at 36 h and 48 h after the infection, respectively. The infected cells showed suppressed proliferation, increased apoptotic rate and cell cycle arrest in G1 phase with increased expressions of Bim, p27, and cyclin D1 but without significant changes in Bax expression. Cisplatin exposure caused a significantly higher apoptosis rate in the infected cells than in the control cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Over-expression of Foxo3a gene can promote granulose cell apoptosis by increasing Bim expression and cause cell cycle arrest in G1 phase by increasing cyclin D1 and p27 expressions, but can not prevent the toxic effects of cisplatin on ovarian granulosa cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Metabolism , Bcl-2-Like Protein 11 , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Cisplatin , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 , Metabolism , Female , Forkhead Box Protein O3 , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Granulosa Cells , Cell Biology , Membrane Proteins , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Metabolism , Rats , Transfection , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1850-1855, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332598

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation of patients with thrombosis or prothrombotic status with hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), activated protein C-resistance(APCR) and gene polymorphism of coagulation factor V.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three hundred healthy voluteers were selected as controls, 223 cases of thrombosis (80 cases of cerebral infarction of CT, the MI of 82 cases of myocardial infarction, venous thrombosis of VTE 61 cases), 270 cases of patients with prothrombotic state (76 cases of pregnancy disease of PIH, 62 cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 60 cases of diabetes(DM) and 72 cases of cancer) were enrolled in this study. The plasma APCR and hyperhomocysteinemia were detected by APTT coagulation method and cycling enzyme method respectively, and restriction fragment length polymorphism(RFLP) were was used to detect the gene polymorphism of FV G1691-A, G1091-C and A1090-G in the patient and control groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>APCR positive rate was 62.29% and 7.33%, and the positive hyperhomocysteinemia accounted for 68.42% and 10.00% respectively in the group of the patients with venous thrombosis and the normal control group. 3 cases of heterozygous FV gene mutations were found in the APCR-positive patients with venous thrombosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HHcy possitive rate of patients with venous thrombosis is signiticantly higher than that in control, the HHcy is one of the important causes resulting in thrombosis, the patients with venous thrombosis have proved to be with APCR, and the possitive APCR may be related with the coagulation factor V gene polymorphism.</p>

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 153-158, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268347

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT 1 R) antagonists are extensively used for blood pressure control in elderly patients with hypertension. This study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effects of AT 1 R antagonist valsartan on platelet aggregation and the occurrence of cardio-cerebral thrombotic events in elderly patients with hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two-hundred and ten patients with hypertension and aged > 60 years were randomized to valsartan (n = 140) or amlodipine (n = 70) on admission. The primary endpoint was platelet aggregation rate (PAR) induced by arachidonic acid at discharge, and the secondary endpoint was the rate of thrombotic events including brain infarction and myocardial infarction during follow-up. Human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were stimulated by angiotensin II (Ang II, 100 nmol/L) with or without pretreatment of valsartan (100 nmol/L), and relative expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and thromboxane B 2 (TXB 2 ) and both p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) and nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB) activities were assessed. Statistical analyses were performed by GraphPad Prism 5.0 software (GraphPad Software, Inc., California, USA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PAR was lower after treatment with valsartan (11.49 ± 0.69% vs. 18.71 ± 2.47%, P < 0.001), associated with more reduced plasma levels of COX-2 (76.94 ± 7.07 U/L vs. 116.4 ± 15.89 U/L, P < 0.001) and TXB 2 (1667 ± 56.50 pg/ml vs. 2207 ± 180.20 pg/ml) (all P < 0.001). Plasma COX-2 and TXB 2 levels correlated significantly with PAR in overall patients (r = 0.109, P < 0.001). During follow-up (median, 18 months), there was a significantly lower thrombotic event rate in patients treated with valsartan (14.3% vs. 32.8%, P = 0.002). Relative expression of COX-2 and secretion of TXB 2 with concordant phosphorylation of p38MAPK and NF-kB were increased in HAECs when stimulated by Ang II (100 nmol/L) but were significantly decreased by valsartan pretreatment (100 nmol/L).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>AT 1 R antagonist valsartan decreases platelet activity by attenuating COX-2/TXA 2 expression through p38MAPK and NF-kB pathways and reduces the occurrence of cardio-cerebral thrombotic events in elderly patients with hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Blood Platelets , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Blood , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Male , Platelet Aggregation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tetrazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Thrombosis , Blood , Drug Therapy , Thromboxane B2 , Blood , Valine , Therapeutic Uses , Valsartan
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312805

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the efficacy and safety of Xifeng Zhidong Tablet (XZT) in treating tic disorder children patients of internal disturbance of Gan-wind with phlegm syndrome (IDGWPS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A stratified randomized, double-blinded, parallel control of placebo, multi-center trial was conducted in 160 subjects from 5 hospitals in China. They were randomly assigned to 2 groups, the test group and the control group, 80 in each group. Those in the test group were treated with XZT, while those in the control group were treated with placebos. The therapeutic course was 4 weeks for all. The effectiveness indicators covered main indicators and secondary indicators. Yale global tic severity scale (YGTSS) was taken as the main indicators. The amelioration of social function impairment, efficacy, single index of Chinese medical syndromes, Chinese medical syndrome efficacy as well as disappearance rate of single Chinese medical symptoms were evaluated as secondary indicators. The safety indicators included clinical adverse events, vital signs, blood/urine/stool routines, renal and liver functions, and electrocardiogram (ECG).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As for main indicators, the score of YGTSS decreased from 22.10 +/- 6.38 to 11.34 +/- 6.58 in the test group, while it decreased from 22.65 +/- 6.70 to 16.82 +/- 6.53 in the control group, showing statistical difference when compared with the same group before treatment (P < 0.01). Besides, the decrement was more significant in the test group after treatment (P < 0.05). As for secondary indicators, the total effective rate was 83.54% in the test group and 34.18% in the controlled group, showing statistical difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). As for social function impairment, 20,38, 16, 3, 1 case(s) in the test group were ranked as normal, minimal, mild, moderate, obvious degree, while 1, 24, 45, 7, and 0 case(s) in the control group were ranked as normal, minimal, mild, moderate, obvious degree. Better effect was obtained in the test group (P < 0.05).As for Chinese medical syndrome efficacy, it was 87.34% in the test group and 64.56% in the control group (P < 0.05). As for single index of Chinese medical syndromes, the disappearance rate of motor tics, irritability, dreaminess, abnormal tongue proper,abnormal tongue fur, and abnormal tongue pulse condition was 78.67%, 34.72%, 62.26%, 34.62%, 58.97%, and 39.74%, respectively in the test group, while they were 34.67%, 13.11%, 21.82%, 15.58%, 25.97%, and 19.48%, respectively in the control group. Better results were shown in the test group (P < 0.05). Totally 5 adverse events occurred. The incidence of adverse events was 3.75% in the test group and 2.53% in the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>After 4 weeks of XZT treatment, the integral of YGTSS could be obviously reduced, the degree of social function impairment ameliorated, and Chinese medical syndromes improved. In addition, no adverse reaction occurred in this study.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Double-Blind Method , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytotherapy , Placebos , Tic Disorders , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 186-195, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123192

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Programmed death-1 (PD-1) expression was investigated in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients at the chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection, liver cirrhosis (LC), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) stages. METHODS: PD-1 expression in circulating CD4+ and CD8+ T cells was detected by flow cytometry. The correlations between PD-1 expression and HBV viral load, alanine aminotransaminase (ALT) levels and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels were analyzed using GraphPad Prism 5.0. RESULTS: PD-1 expression in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells was significantly increased in both the CHB group and advanced-stage group (LC plus HCC). In the CHB group, PD-1 expression in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells was positively correlated with the HBV viral load, ALT, and AST levels. However, in the LC plus HCC group, significant correlations between PD-1 expression and the clinical parameters were nearly absent. CONCLUSIONS: PD-1 expression in peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ T cells is dynamic, changes with HBV infection progression, and is related to HBV viral load and liver function, especially in CHB. PD-1 expression could be utilized as a potential clinical indicator to determine the extent of virus replication and liver injury.


Subject(s)
Adult , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Disease Progression , Female , Hepatitis B, Chronic/diagnosis , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Neoplasms , Male , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/metabolism , Viral Load
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 190-194, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235466

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the function of abnormal fibrinogen in two inherited dysfibrinogenemia pedigrees.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Routine coagulation tests were conducted in the probands and related family members. The antigen and activity levels of fibrinogen were detected by immunoturbidimetry assay and clauss assay, respectively. All the exons and exon-intron boundaries of the three fibrinogen genes and antithrombin gene(AT3)were analyzed by PCR amplification and direct sequencing. Routine thrombelastography (TEG) test and functional fibrinogen TEG test were both used to make a comprehensive evaluation of coagulation status and functional fibrinogen level in patients. The molecular weights of the three peptides from fibrinogen were measured by Western blot. The function of abnormal fibrinogen was assessed by fibrinogen dynamic polymerization and fibrinolysis velocity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The coagulation routine tests were normal in two probands except for prolonged thrombin time (TT) and reptilase time (RT), as well as reduced activity levels of 0.5 g/L and 0.6 g/L fibrinogen, respectively. The antigen levels of fibrinogen were 2.32 g/L and 2.66 g/L in two probands, which were in the normal reference range. The genotype analysis showed that Arg275His in fibrinogen γ chain (γ Arg275His) existed in both probands and patients in these two pedigrees. Meanwhile, proband B's grandfather and aunt also carried heterozygote g.5876T>C (Ser116Pro) mutation in AT3. The results of routine TEG test demonstrated that the α values of proband B and his father were close to and lower than the lower limit of reference range, respectively, while the MA values were normal in both of them. However, functional fibrinogen TEG test revealed obviously reduced MA value. All the probands and patients demonstrated prolonged lag-off time and reduced peak value in fibrinogen dynamic polymerization tests. Meanwhile, most of fibrin formed from the patients' plasma could not be dissolved completely by plasminogen (PLG) and urokinase-typeplasminogenactivator (u-PA) at a certain time.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>We first reported cases of inherited dysgibrinogenemia associated with inherited AT deficiency. γArg275His mutation caused the abnormal fibrinogen in terms of fibrin mono polymerization and possibly in fibrinolysis. Combined use of routine TEG test and functional fibrinogen TEG test with comprehensive analyses of the parameters in both tests could better evaluate the level of functional fibrinogen and predict the risk of hemorrhage and thrombosis in patients with inherited dysfibrinogenemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Afibrinogenemia , Genetics , Child , Female , Fibrinogen , Genetics , Fibrinogens, Abnormal , Genetics , Physiology , Genotype , Humans , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236851

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify mouse acute pneumonia model induced by influenza virus adapted strains (FM1 strain) using RT-PCR, gene clone and sequence analysis and pathological examination of lung tissues.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Acute pneumonia was induced by intranasal drip of FM1 strain. The lungs were collected after 3, 5 and 7 days. RT-PCR was used to detect the viral load. Amplified PCR products were cloned and sequenced. Pathological and histological changes to the lungs were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no abnormalities in the alveoli, alveolar sacs and alveolar septa and no inflammatory cell infiltration was found in normal mice. In the model group, we found disappearance of alveoli, alveolar sacs, alveolar ducts and alveolar septa, thickening of the alveolar septal and bronchiolar walls, and infiltration of inflammatory cells after 3, 5 and 7 days of influenza virus (IV) infection. Compared with the normal group, pathological changes at various time points were significantly increased (P<0.01). Viral nucleic acid can be detected in the lung tissue of the model group at various time points, and the pathological changes of the lung tissue were positively correlated with viral load. Sequence analysis demonstrated that there was 99.1% consistency between RT-PCR products of lung tissues in the model group and the known IV cDNA sequence (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Gene clone and sequence analysis may be used to identify acute mouse pneumonia model induced by FM1 strain.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Animals , Base Sequence , DNA, Complementary , Chemistry , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Lung , Pathology , Male , Mice , Molecular Sequence Data , Pneumonia, Viral , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 691-695, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272136

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the binding mechanisms of FVIII Trp1707Ser mutation-associated inhibitor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The APPT, PT, TT, Fg and FVIII:C were detected to make phenotypic diagnosis of haemophilia A. Inhibitors titer were measured by Bethesda method. Long distance-PCR (LD-PCR) and sequence-specific PCR were adopted for screening the intron 22 and intron 1 inversions respectively. FVIII coding and boundary sequences were analyzed by direct DNA sequencing. Inhibitor was reacted with different segments of FVIII, including heavy chain and its components A1 and A2, light chain and its components A3, C1 and C2. Corrected test was used to measure the remaining F VIII:C (% ) by adding pooled normal plasmas. After labeling purified inhibitors with biotin, western blot was performed to further confirm the binding reactions between inhibitors and segments.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The haemophilia A patient had mild deficiency of FVIII:C (1.1%) and had high FVIII inhibitor titer of 18.4 BU. A mutation c.97223C>G in exon 14 of F8 gene resulted to p.Trp1707Ser was identified by DNA sequencing. Corrected test showed that the remaining F VIII:C was increased when inhibitors reacted with heavy chain and light chain, especially with heavy chain. The remaining FVIII:C was also increased in the A2 and C2 domain reactions. No significant differences were seen in the A1, A3 and C1 domain reactions. Antigen-antibody reaction bands were confirmed by western blots when degenerated B-domain deleted recombinant FVIII, A2 and C2 were used as antigens.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The binding sites of FVIIITrp1707Ser mutation inhibitor were the A2 domain of heavy chain and C2 domain of light chain. The binding reaction with heavy chain was more intense.</p>


Subject(s)
Binding Sites , Genetics , Exons , Factor VIII , Genetics , Hemophilia A , Genetics , Humans , Male , Mutation , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 910-913, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329018

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the expression of co-stimulatory molecules PD-1/PD-L1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in lung cancer patients, and to explore its biological significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and thirty-three lung cancer patients, 25 lung infection patients and 23 healthy donors were enrolled in this study. 100 µl of whole blood from these subjects were collected. Multi-color immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry were used to detect PD-1/PD-L1 expression. The results were statistically analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression level of CD3⁺CD8⁺ T cells in the lung cancer patients was (38.83 ± 1.74)%, significantly lower than that in the control group [(43.25 ± 3.35)%, P < 0.05]. CD8⁺CD28⁺ T cell subset in the peripheral blood of lung cancer patients was (17.73 ± 1.21)% significantly lower than that of the healthy donors [(27.96 ± 2.72)%, P < 0.01]. The CD8⁺CD28⁻ T cell subset was (21.19 ± 1.92)% in the lung cancer patients, significantly higher than that of the healthy control group [(15.18 ± 2.93)%, P < 0.05]. The expression level of PD-1 on the surface of CD8⁺CD28⁺ T cells was (10.67 ± 1.12)% in the group of lung cancer patients, significantly higher than that of the control group [(5.32 ± 1.58)%, P < 0.01]. It was also found that the expression of PD-1 on CD8⁺CD28⁻ T cells was up-regulated in the group of lung cancer patients (7.46 ± 1.25)%, significantly higher than that of the healthy control group [(2.68+1.07)%, P < 0.01]. The expression level of PD-L1 on CD68⁺ cells in the lung cancer patients was (16.03 ± 2.06)%, significantly higher than that of the healthy control group [(9.32 ± 2.00)%, P < 0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Up-regulation of PD-1/PD-L1 on peripheral blood cells in lung cancer patients negatively regulates the lymphocytes, inhibits the immune response for killing tumor cells, and promotes tumor development and immune escape.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Blood , Pathology , B7-H1 Antigen , Metabolism , CD28 Antigens , Metabolism , CD3 Complex , Metabolism , CD8 Antigens , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Large Cell , Blood , Pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Blood , Pathology , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Blood , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Metabolism , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Blood , Pathology , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 400-402, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301272

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of drainage in cavities on preventing from grade B and C of the pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2008 to June 2010, the medical team had performed the operations of digestive tract reconstruction by the same way in 68 cases with PD. There were 43 male and 25 female patients, with a mean age of (64 ± 3) years. The patients were simply randomly divided into drainage in cavities group (DC, n = 32) and conventional drainage group (CD, n = 36) according to the different drainage way. The methods of drainage in cavities were composed of three aspects which include drainage in main pancreatic duct, drainage around cholecystojejunostomy anastomosis and peripancreatic drainage. The clinical parameters of the two groups were collected. The characteristics of the drainage juice which include color, volume and amylase value in the two groups were compared. The incidence and severity grading of pancreatic fistula between the two groups were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average of amylase value and the peripancreatic drainage flow were (1401 ± 8) U/L and (49 ± 5) ml in the DC group. Their average in the CD group were (2160 ± 13) U/L and (76 ± 4) ml. There was significant statistical difference in the peripancreatic drainage flow between the two groups (t = 2.597, P = 0.031). The amylase values of the drainage juice between the two groups were of no statistical difference (P > 0.05). According to the definition of pancreatic fistula by an international study group, the incidence of pancreatic fistula in the DC group was 25.0% (8/32) and the CD group 30.5% (11/36) (P > 0.05). The proportion of grades B and C of pancreatic fistula in the DC group had statistical difference compared with one of the CD group (χ(2) = 4.797, P = 0.029).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Drainage in cavities could significantly decrease and the occurring ratio of grade B and C of pancreatic fistula after PD.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Drainage , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Fistula , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Postoperative Complications
17.
Neurology Asia ; : 109-113, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-628610

ABSTRACT

Ictal semiology is essential for the pre-operative evaluation of candidates for epilepsy surgery. We propose an ictal sign of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) termed tonic-automotor (TA), defi ned as contralateral tonic spasm of upper limb associated with ipsilateral hand automotor seizure and often accompanied ipsilateral head turning. We assessed the occurrence and lateralizing/localizing value of TA in TLE, we analyzed 129 seizures in 41 patients with TLE: 90 seizures in 30 patients with TLE of hippocampal sclerosis (TLE/HS) and 39 seizures in 11 patients with TLE of other lesions (TLE/ non-HS). When compared with unilateral automotor seizure and unilateral tonic spasm, TA occurred more frequently in TLE/HS patients (40% vs 10% and 16.7%). In addition, 24 seizures in 12 patients with TA were observed only in TLE/HS patients and contralateral to the seizure focus based on the side of tonic spasm. However, there was no signifi cant difference in the TLE/HS between dominant side and nondominant side. In addition, TA sign occurred relatively early in the ictal phase. Thus, TA may be a more reliable lateralizing sign of epileptogenic zone and a semiologic marker of TLE/ HS patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232264

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the phenotype and genotype of two Chinese pedigrees with von Willebrand diseases, and to investigate the molecular pathogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bleeding time (BT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation (RIPA), von Willebrand factor-ristocetin cofactor (vWF:Rco), von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF:Ag), von Willebrand factor activity (vWF:A), von Willebrand factor collagen binding assay (vWF:CB) and multimer analysis were used for phenotype diagnosis. DNA was extracted. All of the 52 exons and exon-intron bounda ries of the VWF gene were amplified with polymerase chain reaction(PCR) and analyzed by direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>APTT and BT were prolonged. Plasma RIPA, vWF:Rco, vWF:Ag, vWF:A and vWF:CB was significantly decreased. No VWF multimer can be found by plasma VWF multimer analysis. Homozygous insertional mutation g.82888_82889insCATG in exon 17 was found in proband A. Compound heterozygous mutations g.94865 G to A (Trp856stop) in exon 20 and g.110698_110699delinsG in exon 28 were found in proband B.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Homozygous insertional mutation g.82888_82889insCATG and compound heterozygous mutations g.94865G to A(Trp856X) and g.110698_110699delinsG probably have respectively induced type 3 von Willebrand diseases in the two probands.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype , von Willebrand Disease, Type 3 , Genetics , von Willebrand Factor , Genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 642-647, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278349

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the molecular mechanism of haemophilia B caused by the novel mutation of Arg327Ile (R327I) in FIX gene.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The R327I, R327Ala(A), R327Lys(K), R327Asn(N) and a replacement mutant (FIXβFVII), in which FIX β strand 324-329 was replaced by that of FVII 298-303, expression plasmids were constructed with site-directed mutagenesis method based on the wild-type (WT) FIX expression plasmid. The HEK293 cell was transiently transfected, then the activity of FIX (FIX:C) was assayed by one stage method in the conditioned medium, while the FIX:Ag in both the conditioned media and the cell lysates was measured by ELISA. The molecular weight and the semi-quantity of expressed FIX were analyzed by Western blot. Fluorescent protein expression plasmid was constructed to investigate the synthesis and secretion of the FIX R327I mutation in the viable cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FIX:C of the R327I mutant protein was 4.49% of the level of the WT in the conditioned medium, and the FIX:Ag of the R327I mutant protein in the conditioned medium and the cell lysates was 31.02% and 129.29% compared to that of WT, respectively. The mutation was characterized as cross-reaction material reduced (CRMR). The viable cell fluorescent assays showed that the R327I protein was more in both the viable cells and in lysosome than that of WT. The FIX:C of the R327A, R327K, R327N and FIXβFVII mutants was reduced compared to that of WT, the reduction of FIX:C of FIXβFVII was the most significantly amount among all the mutants in medium. FIX:Ag of all the mutants in the medium, except that the R327K increased, was reduced. The result of Western blot showed that the molecular weight of R327I protein was the same as that of WT, but the amount of the protein was much less compared with WT in the conditioned medium.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The abnormal synthesis and secretion as well as the abnormal function of the R327I mutant protein causes haemophilia B. The residue of R327 as well as the β strand domain of R327 located play important roles of the specific function of FIX.</p>


Subject(s)
Factor IX , Genetics , HEK293 Cells , Hemophilia B , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed , Mutation , Transfection
20.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 431-438, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354712

ABSTRACT

Our previous studies found that the Chinese attenuated EIAV vaccine was composed of a pool of quasispecies, which showed a complicated diversity called "multi-species". Further determining the viral composition of these species in the vaccine should improve the identification of predominant viruses in the vaccine and facilitate the analysis of in vivo evolution of EIAV and the vaccine. In this study, the comparison of fidelities in amplifying and sequencing the V3 to V5 fragment of EIAV envelope gp90 gene by either a single-genome amplification (SGA) approach or the traditional RT-PCR (bulk PCR) was performed. Results revealed that the diversities were 1.84% and 1.88% for SGA- and bulk PCR-derived sequences, respectively. Futher analysis revealed that beside the sequences highly homologous to those derived by the bulk PCR, nine of 73 sequences derived by SGA contained a deduced amino acid domain that was identical to the corresponding domain in the virulent strain LN40. In addition, sequences with deletion of one predicted amino acid residual was detected by using SGA The presence of these less populated sequences provided additional evidence for the "multi-species" hypothesis for the action mechanism of the EIAV vaccine. Furthermore, based on the analysis of sampling bias, Our results that the difference in copy number of each viral specie in the pool of quasispecies resulted in the inefficiency to amplify viral sequences that were in low population by bulk PCR. Therefore, the sequences amplified by bulk PCR could not correctly represent the composition of quasispecies. As an approach based on the amplification and sequencing single isolated genome, SGA significantly improved the weakness of bulk PCR and appeared its advantage in analysis of EIAV genome composition with high variety.


Subject(s)
Calibration , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Genetics , Genome, Viral , Genetics , Infectious Anemia Virus, Equine , Allergy and Immunology , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Methods , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis , Methods , Vaccines, Attenuated , Genetics , Viral Envelope Proteins , Genetics , Viral Vaccines , Genetics
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