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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1051-1054, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857167

ABSTRACT

Diabetic cardiomyopathy( DCM) is one of the important cardiovascular complications of diabetes mellitus. Metabolic disorders, mitochondrial damage, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and autophagy are involved in the development of DCM. Recent research demonstrates that NLRP3 inflammasome plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of DCM, and has emerged as a potential tar get for the treatment of DCM. In this article, research progress in NLRP3 inflammasome and DCM has been reviewed, aiming to provide novel therapeutic idea for the treatment of DCM.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701097

ABSTRACT

Serpin peptidase inhibitor clade E member 2(SerpinE2),a member of serine peptidase inhibitor super family,regulates multiple serine proteases.Extracellular matrix(ECM)plays an important role in stem cell differen-tiation,signal transduction,tumor metastasis,osteoarthritis physiological and pathological processes and so on.SerpinE2 regulates the protein of extracellular matrix by serine protease system and matrix metalloproteinase(MMP)system.In this paper,we elaborate the effect of SerpinE2 on metabolism of extracellular matrix,and it will provide new ideas to find new therapeutic targets.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690406

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of Gegen Qinlian decoction on the expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multi-drug resistance protein (MRP) in epithelial cells of human colon adenocarcinoma Caco-2 cells.The effects of different concentrations of Gegen Qinlian decoction on the expression levels of p-gp and MRP1-6 mRNA in Caco-2 cells were detected by real time quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR).12 h after drug treatment (5.00 g·L⁻¹), the expression levels of MDR1 and MRP1-6 were significantly down-regulated at concentration of 5.00 g·L⁻¹; the mRNA expression levels of MDR1,MRP1,MRP2,MRP4,MRP5 and MRP6 were significantly down-regulated at concentration of 2.50 g·L⁻¹; only the expression levels of MRP2 and MRP5 were significantly affected at concentration of 1.00 g·L⁻¹. The results showed that the expression levels of MDR1 and MRP1-6 mRNA in Caco-2 cells could be down-regulated in a dose-dependent manner. Gegen Qinlian decoction may reduce drug efflux by down-regulating the mRNA expression of cell transporters in Caco-2 cell, and increase the time of drug action, thereby enhancing the bioavailability of chemotherapeutic drugs.

4.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 390-394, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703871

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the changes of left atrial volume (LAV) and the maximum ostial cross-sectional area (CAS) of pulmonary vein (PV) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients after circumferential pulmonary vein isolation radiofrequency catheter ablation (CPVA-RFCA) and to explore their relationship to AF recurrence by enhanced cardiac MRI evaluation. Methods: Our research included in 2 groups: Control group, n=20 healthy subjects and AF group, n=78 patients whom were classified into 2 subgroups as Paroxysmal AF subgroup, n=46 and Persistent AF subgroup, n=32; 66 patients received CPVA-RFCA and based on 6 months post-operative recurrence, they were divided into another set of 2 groups: AF recurrent subgroup, n=17 and Non-AF recurrent subgroup, n=49. Pre- and 6 months post-operative maximum ostial CSA of PV were measured by enhanced cardiac MRI, LAV were obtained by 3D reconstruction and the differences were compared between AF group and Control group, Paroxysmal AF subgroup and Persistent AF subgroup, AF recurrent subgroup and Non-AF recurrent subgroup; their relationships to AF recurrence were studied.Results: Compared with Control group, AF group had increased LAV and elevated ostial CSA of superior PV (SPV), both P<0.05. Compared with Paroxysmal AF subgroup, Persistent AF subgroup had increased LAV and elevated ostial CSA of SPV, both P<0.05. Compared with pre-operative condition, at 6 months after the operation, Non-AF recurrent subgroup showed reduced ostial CSAs in left SPV (LSPV), right SPV (RSPV), right inferior PV (RIPV) and decreased LAV, all P<0.05;while AF recurrent subgroup showed expanded RSPV and increased LAV,allP<0.05.Post-operative reductions of LAV and ostial CSA of SPV had close correlation; multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that LAV (HR=1.05, P<0.01)and ostial CSA of RSPV(HR=1.09,P=0.05)were related to AF recurrence after RFCA. Conclusions: CAPV-RFCA could reverse left atrial and PV remodeling in AF patients, LAV and ostial CSA of RSPV were related to post-operative AF recurrence.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311361

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) T-SPOT.TB test for the diagnosis of TB meningitis (TBM). A retrospective analysis of 96 patients with manifested meningitis was conducted; T-SPOT.TB test was performed for diagnosing TBM to determine the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was also drawn to assess the diagnostic accuracy. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of CSF T-SPOT.TB test were 97.8%, 78.0%, 80.3%, and 97.5%, respectively, for 52 patients (54.2%) of the 96 enrolled patients. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.910, and the sensitivities of CSF T-SPOT.TB for patients with stages I, II, and III of TBM were 96.7%, 97.2%, and 98.9%, respectively. CSF T-SPOT.TB test is a rapid and accurate diagnostic method with higher sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing TBM.


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Humans , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tuberculosis, Meningeal , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Diagnosis , Epidemiology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335732

ABSTRACT

One of the advantages of biopharmaceutics classification system of Chinese materia medica (CMMBCS) is expanding the classification research level from single ingredient to multi-components of Chinese herb, and from multi-components research to holistic research of the Chinese materia medica. In present paper, the alkaloids of extract of huanglian were chosen as the main research object to explore their change rules in solubility and intestinal permeability of single-component and multi-components, and to determine the biopharmaceutical classification of extract of Huanglian from holistic level. The typical shake-flask method and HPLC were used to detect the solubility of single ingredient of alkaloids from extract of huanglian. The quantitative research of alkaloids in intestinal absorption was measured in single-pass intestinal perfusion experiment while permeability coefficient of extract of huanglian was calculated by self-defined weight coefficient method.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327198

ABSTRACT

Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a kind of gynecological disease that causes amenorrhea, infertility, menopause and urogenital symptoms. Currently hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most popular choice for women with POF to get rid of menopausal syndrome. However, as the popularization of Chinese herbs made Chinese medicine (CM) shine new lights, physicians are able to treat POF with both meno-herbs and integrated therapy. HRT has its own indications and contraindications. For example, unexplained vaginal bleeding, acute liver damage, liver dysfunction, vascular embolization, and breast cancer are all contraindications of HRT, and CM is taken by more physicians as an adjuvant therapy. This review, including a range of common Chinese herbs and formulations according to the existing literature, provides a general description of CM treating POF from the aspects of mechanisms and clinical application. It also highlights acupuncture as a unique physiotherapy for POF. Although the validity of CM has been supported by the evidence of many preclinical trials, clinical trials and meta-analysis, the adverse events with CM therapy still exist and no guarantee has been made for its safety. This review concludes the updated information for CM treating POF contributing to further studies.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Infertility, Female , Therapeutics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Menopause, Premature , Physiology , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency , Therapeutics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350153

ABSTRACT

To investigate the overall intestinal permeability of multiple components in lotus leaves and make clear the interaction in composition absorption process. Rat single-pass intestinal perfusion technique was used, and the results showed that the Peff values of nuciferine, demethylanuciferine, rutin, quercetin, kaempferol from lotus leaf were greater than 0.5×10⁻⁴ cm•s⁻¹. In the biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) intestinal permeability property, these ingredients were high permeable components, while the hyperin was low permeable component. However, in the multi-component environment of the lotus leaf extract, component permeation was changed. Semi quantitative analysis of the unclear components showed that under the multi-component environment, four in seven components with relatively high contents had a Peff value less than 0.5×10⁻⁴ cm•s⁻¹, indicating these 4 components were of low permeability, while other 3 components were of high permeability. The results could be valuable to make clear the overall intestinal permeability of multiple components in lotus leaf, and lay a foundation for studying the mechanism of the lipid-lowering effect of lotus leaf.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350151

ABSTRACT

To validate in situ rats intestinal single pass perfusion model based on P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Firstly, phenol red perfusion was carried out to verify the close connection structure of intestinal epithelial cells, and the integrity of the intestinal epithelium, with a gravimetric method for correcting water flux. The level of phenol red was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) both before and after perfusion. Secondly, the positive drug digoxin specified by FDA was used to validate the model. After different mass concentrations of verapamil were given in the rats, the absorption parameters of digoxin in ileum of rats were observed and compared. The results showed that the phenol red was absorbed in rats ileum segment, with an effective permeability coefficient of (1.09±0.62)×10 ⁻⁶ cm•s ⁻¹. The experiment results indicated that the close connection structure of intestinal epithelial cells was normal, and the integrity of the intestinal epithelium was maintained well. In digoxin perfusion experiment, in case no verapamil was given, digoxin showed certain degree of absorption in rat ileum, with an effective permeability coefficient (Peff) of (1.07±0.59)×10 ⁻⁵ cm•s ⁻¹; after mass concentrations of 0.01,0.1 mmol•L ⁻¹ verapamil were given, the absorption of digoxin was on the rise in rat ileum, with an effective permeability coefficient Peff of (1.58±0.69)×10 ⁻⁵, (3.28±0.95)×10 ⁻⁵ cm•s ⁻¹ respectively (P<0.05). Digoxin perfusion experiment verified that P-gp expression in small intestine epithelium was intact and can be used in the research of P-gp efflux transporter.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350149

ABSTRACT

The effect of drugs in the body is always inseparable with the dynamic processes of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion. For oral drug, absorption, as the first link to enter the body, is particularly valued. Traditional Chinese medicine has multiple components and multiple targets, and the nature of its single composition is different from that in the multicomponent environment. Alkaloids in Huanglian extract was used as the main object in this study to establish an analytical method for determining the content of alkaloids in Huanglian. In addition, the compositions of the Huanglian aqueous extract solution which can be absorbed through intestinal wall into blood, were initially determined by the means of everted gut sac and in intestinal perfusion with venous sampling experiment. This paper can provide data reference and support for the further study on the absorption and metabolism of Huanglian.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845609

ABSTRACT

Protein phosphatase 2APP2Ais the main serine/threonine protein phosphatase of the brain, and it is involved in many physiological and pathological processes in the cell. Particularly in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s diseaseAD, PP2A is closely related to the main pathological features of AD. Deregulation of PP2A enzymes correlates with increased tau phosphorylation, the formation of amyloid precursor protein, and the missing of neurons. PP2A as the target of drug development may bring new hope for the treatment of AD. This review introduces the structure and activity regulation of PP2A, and the role of PP2A in AD.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318690

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a derivative fluorometry method for the determination of sulfur dioxide residues in traditional Chinese medicine.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The optimal derivation condition was established. The fluorescence intensity was detected at excitation wavelength of 321 nm, and emission wavelength of 384 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>A linear relationship was obtained between the fluorescence intensity and the addition of reference substance in the range of 0.999 7-17.99 nmol with a correlation coeffient of 0.999 9, and the average recovery was 102.3% with RSD 4.6%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This method is simple and sensitive with quick and correct result. It can provide a reference for the determination of sulfur dioxide residues in traditional Chinese medicine.</p>


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fluorescence , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sensitivity and Specificity , Species Specificity , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Methods , Sulfur Dioxide , Temperature
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