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1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1051-1062, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987022

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the therapeutic mechanism of Liushen Wan (LSW) against colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC) by network pharmacology.@*METHODS@#TCMSP, BATMAN-TCM, CNKI, PubMed, Genecards, OMIM, and TTD databases were used to obtain the related targets of LSW and CAC. The common targets of LSW and CAC were obtained using Venny online website. The PPI network was constructed using Cytoscape 3.8.2 to screen the core targets of LSW in the treatment of CAC. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis were conducted using DAVID database. The therapeutic effect of LSW on CAC was evaluated in a C57BL/6J mouse model of AOM/DSS-induced CAC by observing the changes in body weight, disease activity index, colon length, and size and number of the tumor. HE staining and RT-qPCR were used to analyze the effect of LSW on inflammatory mediators. Immunohistochemistry and TUNEL staining were used to evaluate the effect of LSW on the proliferation and apoptosis of AOM/DSS-treated colon tumor cells. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to detect the effects of LSW on the expression of TLR4 proteins in CAC mice.@*RESULTS@#Network pharmacology analysis identified 69 common targets of LSW and CAC, and 33 hub targets were screened in the PPI network. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis suggested that the effect of LSW on CAC was mediated by the Toll-like receptor signaling pathway. In the mouse model of AOM/DSS-induced CAC, LSW significantly inhibited colitis-associated tumorigenesis, reduced tumor number and tumor load (P < 0.05), obviously improved histopathological changes in the colon, downregulated the mRNA levels of proinflammatory cytokines, and inhibited the proliferation (P < 0.01) and promoted apoptosis of colon tumor cells (P < 0.001). LSW also significantly decreased TLR4 protein expression in the colon tissue (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#LSW can inhibit CAC in mice possibly by regulating the expression of TLR4 to reduce intestinal inflammation, inhibit colon tumor cell proliferation and promote their apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Colitis-Associated Neoplasms , Network Pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology
2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 712-720, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacies of O-arm combined with CT three-dimensional navigation system assisted screw placement versus manual screw placement in treating lower cervical fracture and dislocation.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 41 patients with lower cervical fracture and dislocation, who were treated in Honghui Hospital, Xi′an Jiaotong University from May 2021 to February 2022. The patients included 26 males and 15 females, aged 31.5-48.6 years [(41.5±15.0)years]. The injured segments were C 3 in 3 patients, C 4 in 12, C 5 in 13, C 6 in 10 and C 7 in 3. Nineteen patients were treated with cervical pedicle screws by O-shaped arm combined with CT three-dimensional navigation system (navigation group, 76 screws) and 22 by bare hands (traditional group, 88 screws). The total operation time, effective operation time, single nail placement time, single screw correction times, screw distance from anterior cortex, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopic radiation dose, incision length and length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups, and the height of intervertebral space, Cobb angle, interbody slip distance and American Spinal injury Association (ASIA) grade were compared before operation and at 3 days after operation. Visual analogue score (VAS), Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, and neck dysfunction index (NDI) were evaluated before operation, at 3 days, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up. Accuracy of screw placement and incidence of complications (adjacent facet joint invasion, infection, screw loosening) were detected as well. Results:All the patients were followed up for 11.1-13.9 months [(12.5±1.4)months]. The total operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopic radiation dose and incision length in the navigation group were more or longer than those in the traditional group (all P<0.05). The effective operation time, single nail placement time, single nail correction times and screw distance from anterior cortex in the navigation group were markedly less or smaller than those in the traditional group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the length of hospital stay between the two groups ( P>0.05). There were significant improvements in the height of intervertebral space, Cobb angle and interbody slip distance between the two groups at 3 days after operation (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the height of intervertebral space, Cobb angle, interbody slip distance or ASIA grade between the two groups before operation or at 3 days after operation (all P>0.05). Compared with pre-operation, the VAS, JOA score and NDI were significantly improved in both groups at 3 days, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up (all P<0.05), with further improvement with time. There was no significant difference in VAS between the two groups before operation or at 3 months after operation (all P>0.05), but it was markedly lower in the navigation group compared with the traditional group at 3 days after operation and at the last follow-up (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in JOA score or NDI between the two groups before operation or at 3 days and 3 months after operation (all P>0.05), but both were lower in the navigation group compared with the traditional group at the last follow-up (all P<0.05). The accuracies of placement of grade 0 and grade 0+1 screws were 92.0% (70/76) and 96.6% (73/76) in the navigation group, respectively, which were markedly higher than 88.7% (78/88) and 93.5% (82/88) in the traditional group (all P<0.05). The rates of adjacent facet joint invasion of A, B, and C degrees were 71.2% (54/76), 28.8% (22/76) and 0% (0/76) in the navigation group, respectively, while the invasion rates were 60.5% (53/88), 32.3% (28/88) and 7.3% (7/88) in the traditional group ( P<0.05). No screw loosening was noted in the navigation group, but the screw loosening rate was 9.1% (8/88) in the traditional group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Compared with manual screw placement, O-arm combined with CT three-dimensional navigation system assisted screw placement for lower cervical fracture and dislocation has the advantages of shorter effective operation time, quicker screw placement, stronger screw holding force, better cervical stability, slighter postoperative pain, higher screw placement accuracy, and lower facet joint invasion and screw loosening rates.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 597-604, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the modulatory function of interleukin-7 (IL-7)/CD 127 signaling pathway on CD 8+T cells in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Methods:Fifty-seven treatment-naive MG patients who were hospitalized in Department of Neurology, Nanyang Central Hospital between 2017 and 2020 as well as 35 healthy controls were enrolled. Peripheral blood was collected, while plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated. Plasma IL-7 and soluble CD 127 (sCD 127) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Membrane-bound CD 127 (mCD 127) percentage in CD 8+T cells was measured by flow cytometry. The differences of above indices between different gender, onset age, afflicting with thymoma, or different Osserman type and their correlation with Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis (QMG) score were analyzed. Purified CD 8+T cells from MG patients were stimulated with recombinant human IL-7 (5 μg/L). Changes of sCD 127 and mCD 127 level were analyzed. Levels of perforin, granzyme B, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the cultured supernatants were measured by ELISA. Immune checkpoint molecules mRNA in CD 8+T cells was semi-quantified by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results:Plasma IL-7 level was up-regulated in MG patients compared with controls [(293.4±74.7) pg/ml vs (233.8±70.8) pg/ml, t=3.78, P<0.001], while sCD 127 level was down-regulated in MG patients compared with controls [(102.7±13.7) pg/ml vs (131.2±20.9) pg/ml, t=7.91, P<0.001]. Peripheral CD 8+T cells percentage was up-regulated in MG patients compared with controls (35.4%±7.1% vs 30.2%±7.5%, t=3.31, P=0.001), and mCD 127+CD 8+T cell percentage was also elevated (45.5%±7.7% vs 34.7%±11.5%, t=5.44, P<0.001). There were no significant differences of above indices between different gender, onset age, afflicting with thymoma, or different Osserman type. There was no significant correlation between above indices and QMG score. There were no significant differences of sCD 127 in cultured supernatants, mCD 127+CD 8+T cell percentage, or immune checkpoint molecules mRNA expression between CD 8+T cells from MG patients with and without IL-7 stimulation. IL-7 stimulation promoted the secretion of perforin [(208.1±67.2) pg/ml vs (168.8±46.2) pg/ml, t=2.16, P=0.038], granzyme B [(941.8±273.9) pg/ml vs (782.4±137.2) pg/ml, t=2.33, P=0.025], and IFN-γ [(19.1±5.2) pg/ml vs (15.3±4.5) pg/ml, t=2.47, P=0.018] by CD 8+T cells. However, there was no remarkable difference of TNF-α production between CD 8+T cells with and without IL-7 stimulation. Conclusion:Elevated IL-7-mediated signaling pathway enhanced the secretion of cytotoxic molecules and cytokines by CD 8+T cells, leading to increased activity of CD 8+T cells in MG patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 632-637, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application effect of discharge planning based on enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (OTLF).Methods:A retrospective cohort analysis was made on clinical information of 230 OTLF patients treated in Honghui Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January to December 2020, including 44 males and 186 females, aged 53-92 years [(72.0±9.9)years]. A total of 115 patients receiving conventional nursing intervention from January to June 2020 were enrolled in regular nursing group and 115 patients receiving discharge planning intervention based on ERAS from July to December 2020 were enrolled in discharge planning group. The length of hospital stay, readiness for hospital discharge scale (RHDS) at 4 hours before discharge, caregiver preparedness scale (CPS) on admission and at 4 hours before discharge, discharge rate before 12∶00, Chinese osteoporosis quality of life short questionnaire (COQOL) on admission and at 6 months after surgery, and re-fracture rate were compared in the two groups.Results:The patients were followed up for 6 months, except for 3 patients lost to follow up in discharge planning group and 4 patients in regular nursing group. The length of hospital stay was (2.8±0.6)days in discharge planning group and (2.6±0.7)days in regular nursing group ( P>0.05). The RHDS in discharge planning group was significantly greater at 4 hours before discharge when compared with regular nursing group [(103.0±8.3)points vs. (95.3±9.5)points] ( P<0.01). The two groups had no significant difference in CPS at admittance ( P>0.05), but a significantly greater CPS was found in discharge planning group at 4 hours before discharge when compared with regular nursing group [(28.9±3.5)points vs. (24.3±4.8)points] ( P<0.01). The discharge rate before 12∶00 in discharge planning group was significantly higher when compared with regular nursing group [27.7%(31/115) vs. 15.3%(17/115)] ( P<0.05). The COQOL was similar at admittance between the two groups ( P>0.05), but a significantly lower score was found in discharge planning group than that in regular nursing group [(21.6±6.2)points vs. (26.6±6.9)points] ( P<0.01). A significantly lower re-fracture rate was found in discharge planning group at 6 months after surgery when compared with regular nursing group [4.5%(5/112) vs. 12.6%(14/111)] ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For OTLF patients, discharge planning based on ERAS is superior to regular nursing in improving the readiness for hospital discharge, caregiver preparedness, quality of life and management of beds, and lowering re-fracture rate.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 541-548, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and non-surgical treatment of patients with type I fracture according to the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was used to analyze the clinical data of 115 patients with ASOTLF admitted to Honghui Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2018. There were 48 males and 67 females, aged 65-92 years [(75.3±8.5)years]. According to clinical symptoms and imaging characteristics, all patients were identified with type I fracture according to the ASOTLF classification. Injury segments were at T 6 to T 10 in 10 patients, at T 11 in 15, at T 12 in 26, at L 1 in 34, ay L 2 in 18, at L 3 in 7, and at L 4 in 5. A total of 73 patients received PVP combined with anti-osteoporosis treatment (surgery group), and 42 patients received non-surgery combined anti-osteoporosis treatment (non-surgery group). Before treatment, at 1 day, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months after treatment, and at the last follow-up, the visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to assess the pain, the Roland Morris Disability (RMD) score to assess the spinal function, and the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis (QUALEFFO) score to evaluate the quality of life. The bone mineral density was compared between groups before treatment and at 1 year after treatment. The complications were observed as well. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-18 months [(13.2±4.6)months]. At 1 day, 1 month, and 3 months after treatment, the VAS in surgery group [(3.9±0.6)points, (3.3±0.6)points, (2.9±0.3)points] was significantly lower than that in non-surgery group [(6.0±0.7)points, (5.0±0.8)points, (4.2±1.0)points, respectively] (all P<0.05); the RMD score in surgery group [(15.2±0.7)points, (12.6±0.7)points, (10.6±0.7)points] was significantly lower than that in non-surgery group [(16.4±0.8)points, (14.6±0.8)points, (12.7±0.6)points, respectively] (all P<0.05). At 1 day and 1 month after treatment, the QUALEFFO score in surgery group [(46.0±1.1)points, (41.4±0.8)points] was lower than that in non-surgery group [(50.3±0.8)points, (44.7±1.2)points] (all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups at other time points of the above indicators ( P>0.05). At 1 year after treatment, the bone mineral density in surgery group was (-3.0±0.9)SD, and was (-2.8±1.1)SD in non-surgery group ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between surgery group [37%(27/73)] and non-surgery group [33%(14/42)] ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For patients with ASOTLF type I fracture, PVP and non-surgical treatment has similar effects in anti-osteoporosis and occurrence of complications, but the PVP is superior to non-surgical treatment in early pain relief, spinal function improvement and quality of life.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 318-325, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) at stage I in treatment of acute multi-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) in the elderly with over 3 vertebrae operated.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 105 aged patients with acute multi-segment OVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from October 2015 to February 2019. There were 27 males and 78 females, aged 65-92 years [(73.0±14.5)years]. All patients received stage I multi-segmental PVP and standard anti-osteoporosis treatment. There were more than 3 operative vertebral segments in 30 patients (observation group) and less than or equal to 3 operative vertebral segments in 75 patients (control group). The operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, cement injection volume, cement leakage rate and incidence of recurrent vertebral fractures were compared between the two groups. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and activity of daily living (ADL) score were compared before operation, 1 day, 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 11-13 months [(12.5±1.8)months]. The observation group showed operation time of (71.2±12.2)minutes, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency of (38.8±6.4)times and cement injection volume of (20.2±4.6)ml, more than those in control group [(52.3±10.6)minutes, (25.4±5.3)times, (12.3±4.3)ml] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cement leakage rate and incidence of recurrent vertebral fractures between the two groups ( P>0.05). No complications such as infection, nerve damage or cement implantation syndrome occurred. Before operation, 1 day after operation, 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up, the VAS in observation group [(7.6±0.7)points, (3.0±0.8)points, (2.3±0.7)points, (2.2±0.6)points] showed no significant difference from those in control group [(7.4±0.5)points, (2.9±0.4)points, (2.1±0.5)points, (2.0±0.5)points], the ODI in observation group [(74.6±3.3)%, (36.8±4.6)%, (29.7±4.0)%, (24.0±3.6)%] did not differ from those in control group [(73.8±1.0)%, (35.1±0.9)%, (28.4±2.2)%, (22.8±0.9)%], the ADL score in observation group [(34.5±5.0)points, (54.5±3.8)points, (73.7±3.9)points] were similar with those in control group [(36.2±3.4)points, (56.8±4.7)points, (75.3±5.3)points, (81.3±4.5)points] (all P>0.05). The postoperative VAS, ODI and ADL score in both groups were significantly improved in comparison with preoperation ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For acute multi-segment OVCF in the elderly with over 3 or not more than 3 the vertebrae operated, PVP at stage I has the same advantages in early pain relief and improvement of motor function and quality of life.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1615-1618, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618148

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of the readiness for hospital discharge and pain degree in inpatients with thoracolumbar osteoporotic fractures, and the correlation between them.Methods A cross-sectional analysis of survey data from a sample of 252 patients with thoracolumbar osteoporotic fractures was conducted in a grade A tertiary hospital in Xi′an from January 1st, 2016 to June 30th, 2016. The status of the readiness for hospital discharge and pain level were investigated through the Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient method was used to detect the correlation between the two target factors. Results The average score of readiness for hospital discharge was 7.71±1.55. The mean NRS score decreased from 7.8 ± 0.8 at baseline to 2.7 ± 0.6 before discharge. The scores of each dimensions of readiness for hospital discharge from high to low were expected support, personal status, and coping capacity. There was a negative correlation between discharge readiness and pain degree in patients with thoracolumbar osteoporotic fractures (r =-0.537, P<0.05). Conclusions The status of the readiness for hospital discharge among the patients with thoracolumbar osteoporotic fractures is in a medium to high level before discharge. The pain degree is significantly decreased to a lower level. There is a negative correlation between the readiness for hospital discharge and the pain degree.

8.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 337-340, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614266

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the level of serum triglyceride and early pain after posterior lumbar interbody fusion.Methods A total of 79 patients who were admitted into our hospital from March 2016 to December 2016 were selected into the study,and these patients were divided into two groups according to the degree of pain which means 32 cases in the minor pain group and 47 cases in the intermediate pain group.The difference of serum triglyceride level 3 days after operation were compared between the two groups.Pearson correlation analysis was performed to test the correlation between the level of serum triglyceride and early post-surgical pain.Logistic regression analysis was performed to test the risk factors for early post-surgical pain.Results The data indicated the level of pain was significant higher in the intermediate pain group than that of the minor pain group.Level of serum triglyceride had a significantly positive correlation with the level of post-surgical pain and it was the risk factor of pain after posterior lumbar interbody fusion.Conclusion The level of serum triglyceride is the risk factor of early post-surgical pain of lumbar single level interbody infusion,and it should be adjusted in the perioperative treatment.

9.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 660-663, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607152

ABSTRACT

Objective The study aimed to identify risk factors of lumbar disc herniation in patients after decompression,and provide theoretical basis for postoperaive rehabilitation.Methods A told of 169 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis underwent bilateral partial laminectomy were included in the study,24 patients in herniation group,and 145 patients without develop postoperative acute sciatica as a control group.The radiographic variables were measured.The threshold of risk factors was evaluated by multiple logistics analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) analysis.Results The results revealed that preoperative retrolisthesis during extension was the independent risk factor for lumbar disc herniation(1.24,95%CI[1.07~1.43];P<0.01).The area under the curve(AUC) was 0.801,and the cutoff value was 6.89%.Conclusion The preoperative retrolisthesis was the risk factor of lumbar disc herniation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 233-238, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507414

ABSTRACT

As the development of fast-tracking, the patient perception of readiness for hospital discharge is becoming more and more popular in discharge decision making. A lot of research indicates that the patient readiness of discharge can predict the satisfaction, the safety, readmission, death and compliance of the patients. This study is about to review the conception, research significances, measurements, and determinants of the discharge readiness. The primary objective was to analyze the determinants of hospital discharge, according to three aspects of patient factors, hospital factors and social support. This study is expected to offer theoretical support for the improvement of discharge readiness.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1705-1708, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477462

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the comprehensive clinical ability of new nurses in hospital of traditional Chinese medicine by the application of obstructive structured clinical examination.Methods New nurses of Nanjing hospital of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) of the grade 2012 and 2013 were assessed.The examination consisted of four parts including standard patient station,the capacity of the case,the basic nursing skills of medicine and TCM.The scores of the theoretical knowledges and nursing skills were assessed.Results The average score of the nurses was (76.32±6.31)points,complying to the normal distribution;The degree of difficulty of the examination was 0.70-0.85 and the degree of distinguish was 0.28-0.48;The score of the theoretical test was lower than that of nursing skills and there was significant difference between them (P<0.05).Conclusions The design of the examination is reasonable and the clinical ability of new nurses majored in TCM can be well assessed.

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