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1.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 240-243, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745828

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effectiveness of combined transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) plus radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with that of RFA alone in patients with singular medium-sized (3.1-5.0 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods From Jan 2008 to May 2013,67 patients,each with a single medium-sized (3.1-5.0 cm) HCC,were treated with combined TACE and RFA,and 79 patients were treated with RFA alone.The local tumor control rate was compared between the two groups.Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method,and the survival curve was compared by Log-rank test.The Univariate analysis and Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis were used to evaluate the relationship between different factors and long-term survival time.Results The 1-,3-,5-,and 7-year local tumor control rates were significantly higher in the TACE + RFA group (89.6%,62.7%,44.8%,and 30.9%,respectively) than in the RFA-alone group (72.2%,53.2%,24.1%,and 16.4%,respectively;x2 =6.035,P =0.014).Univariate analysis and Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that treatment allocation,Child-Pugh class and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group scores were significant independent factors associated with patient survival.Conclusions The combination of TACE and RFA is safe and provides better local tumor control than RFA alone for the treatment of patients with sigular medium sized (3.1-5.0 cm) HCC.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 53-57, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509041

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of diabetes on clinical efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in the treatment of non-viral hepatitis hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 367 non-hepatitis virus HCC patients treated by TACE, included 153 diabetes mellitus cases (test group) and blood glucose of 214 patients was normal (control group). To assess the treatment effect after 1 month of TACE based on response evaluation criteria in solid tumors, include complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), progressive disease (PD), and calculate the disease control rate. Through 6 to 75 months follow-up to observed long-term efficacy, record the time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) time. Survival rate were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank analysis by SPSS 16.0. The single-factor analysis was used to analyze variables which variables that differed were analyzed by Cox regression. Results The disease control rate of test group was 69.9%(107/153) and control group was 74.3%(159/214), the difference was no statistically significant (P=0.125). The median time to progression (mTTP) and median overall survival (mOS) of test group were 10.0 and 15.0 months;and the mTTP and mOS of control group were 14.0 and 19.0 months, the difference were statistically significant (P=0.023 and P= 0.026). Tumor diameter ≥4.5 cm, numbers of tumor ≥3, invasion of blood vessels, α-fetoprotein≥200 μg/L, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score and diabetes were risk factors for OS of HCC patients. Conclusion Diabetes is unfavorable factors for overall survival of non-hepatitis HCC tread by TACE.

3.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 803-806, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668273

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the curative effect and safety of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP)assisted by bone filling mesh container for the treatment of spinal metastases with vertebral posterior wall destruction.Methods A total of 31 patients with spinal metastasis (43 metastatic vertebrae in total) received PVP with the help of bone filling mesh container.The primary tumors were definitely confirmed in all patients.Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the pain degree at one day before PVP,and at one and 3 days,one and 3 months after PVP as well as at the last follow-up visit.Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI)was adopted to assess patient's activity function status.The occurence of postoperative bone cement leakage was recorded.Results PVP was successfully accomplished for all 43 involved vertebrae,with a technical success rate of 100%.The mean preoperative VAS score was (8.2±0.4) points,which was decreased to (2.5±0.7) points in one day after PVP.The preoperative VAS scores were higher than all the postoperative VAS scores which were determined at one and 3 days,one and 3 months after PVP as well as at the last follow-up visit,and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05 for all).All postoperative ODI values were significantly lower than corresponding preoperative ones (P<0.05).After the treatment,the patient's activity function status was obviously improved.Postoperative imaging examination,including DSA and CT,indicated that no serious leakage of bone cement was observed in all patients.Conclusion With the help of bone filling mesh container,the performance of PVP for spinal metastases with vertebral posterior wall destruction is safe and reliable.Clinical satisfactory analgesic effect can be promptly achieved and the patient's activity function can be effectively improved.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 766-769, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660410

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of transcatheter arterial chemoemblization (TACE) using raltitrexed and lobaplatin in treating advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods From March 2009 to November 2014,95 cases were treated by raltitrexed combined with lobaplatin (raltitrexed group) through TACE and 124 cases by fluorouracil combined with oxaliplatin (fluorouracil group) through TACE.Disease control rate (DCR),median progression-free survival (mPFS) time and median overall survival (mOS) time were compared between the two groups.Survival rate were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank analysis in SPSS 16.0.Results The disease control rate of raltitrexed group was 91.6% (87/95),compared with fluorouracil group of 84.6% (105/124) in fluorouracil group (x2 =2.505,P =0.474).The mPFS of raltitrexed group was 6.8 months and that of fluorouracil group was 5.9 months (x2 =5.542,P =0.019);mOS of raltitrexed group was 13.6 months and fluorouracil group was 11.4 months (x2 =5.953,P =0.015).The main adverse reactions in the two groups were not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Conclusions TACE using rahitrexed and oxaliplatin prolongs the progression free survival and overall survival time of patients with advanced hepatic carcinoma.

5.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 766-769, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657892

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of transcatheter arterial chemoemblization (TACE) using raltitrexed and lobaplatin in treating advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods From March 2009 to November 2014,95 cases were treated by raltitrexed combined with lobaplatin (raltitrexed group) through TACE and 124 cases by fluorouracil combined with oxaliplatin (fluorouracil group) through TACE.Disease control rate (DCR),median progression-free survival (mPFS) time and median overall survival (mOS) time were compared between the two groups.Survival rate were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank analysis in SPSS 16.0.Results The disease control rate of raltitrexed group was 91.6% (87/95),compared with fluorouracil group of 84.6% (105/124) in fluorouracil group (x2 =2.505,P =0.474).The mPFS of raltitrexed group was 6.8 months and that of fluorouracil group was 5.9 months (x2 =5.542,P =0.019);mOS of raltitrexed group was 13.6 months and fluorouracil group was 11.4 months (x2 =5.953,P =0.015).The main adverse reactions in the two groups were not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Conclusions TACE using rahitrexed and oxaliplatin prolongs the progression free survival and overall survival time of patients with advanced hepatic carcinoma.

6.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 342-346, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464594

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and side-effects of preoperative neoadjuvant uterine arterial chemoembolization and venous chemotherapy in treating cervical cancer in young female patients. Methods A total of 241 young females(≤35 years old) with cervical cancer were enrolled in this study. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into group A (n=63) and group B (n=57). Patients in group A received preoperative neoadjuvant uterine arterial chemoembolization with subsequent surgery, while patients in group B were treated with preoperative neoadjuvant intravenous chemotherapy followed by surgery. The chemotherapy scheme included carboplatin (50 mg/m2) and gemcitabine (1 000 mg/m2). The short-term effect, the amount of blood loss during the surgery, pathological findings and the side-effects of the two groups were compared. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rate, and the log-rank test was used for survival difference analysis. Results The short-term response rate of group A was 90.5%, which was significantly higher than that of group B (71.9%), the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2=7.5, P0.05). In both groups, the clinical stage, the pathological grade and the size (≥ 4 cm) of the tumor were the main factors that could influence the prognosis in young females with cervical cancer (P<0.05). Conclusion The short-term efficacy of preoperative uterine artery chemoembolization is better than that of preoperative intravenous chemotherapy for the treatment of cervical cancer in young female patients. Besides, this therapy carries mild side effect, and it can improve the 5-year progression-free survival rate, although the long-term survival rate has not been obviously improved.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 367-370, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477777

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) with covered stent in the treatment of portal hypertension in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods The clinical data of 46 patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma and portal hypertension who received TIPS with stent treatment were retrospectively analyzed.After treatment,liver function,shunt patency,re-bleeding rate,hepatic encephalopathy,ascites,gastric intestinal symptoms, lifetime and causes of death were analyzed. Compare t test was performed for measurement data comparison among groups.The survival curves were used to analyse the cumulative stent shunt patency rate,the incidence of hepatic encephalopathy and the survival rate.Results After the operation,portal vein pressure significantly decreased compared with that before operation [(16.2 ± 4.6 )mmHg vs (28.3±5 .1)mmHg,1 mmHg=0.133 kPa],and the difference was statistically significant (t =21 .30, P 0.05].Cumulative stent shunt patency at 3,6,12,24,36 month after operation was 100.0%,95 .6%,93.5 %,91 .3% and 91 .3%,respectively.The cumulative incidence of hepatic encephalopathy was 6.5 %,8.7%,13.0%,17.4% and 26.1 %,respectively;cumulative survival rate was 95 .7%,82.6%,67.4%,43.5 % and 32.6%,respectively.In 10 cases of refractory ascites, ascites of all the patients reduced with different degree after operation and gastrointestinal uncomfortable symptoms were relieved.Conclusion In patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma and portal hypertension,who have gastrointestinal bleeding or refractory ascites,treatment of TIPS with covered stents could effectively lower portal pressure,prevent re-bleeding and reduce the volume of ascites.

8.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 2050-2053, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457518

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical therapeutic effect of comprehensive treatment in young women with cervical car-cinoma.Methods A total of 52 young women with cervical carcinoma were treated with uterine artery chemoembolization.50 cases underwent radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy after interventional therapy.The patients with pathological risk factors were given supplementary radiotherapy.Results The clinical overall response rate was 88.5%.96.2% of patients underwent sur-gery and lymph node metastasis rate was 26.9%.The 2,5 year overall survival rates of patients were 91.5%,71.2% respectively. Conclusion The comprehensive treatment can improve overall survival rate and quality of life for young woman with cervical carci-noma.Postoperative patients with pathologically related risk factors should be treated with supplement chemoradiotherapy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 735-738, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437687

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of uterine artery chemoembolization in the treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer.Methods A total of 268 patients with locally advanced cervical cancer were treated with uterine artery chemoembolization in our department.The stage distribution among the patients included 132 stage Ⅰ B2,85 stage Ⅱ A1 and 51 stage Ⅱ A2.There were 223 patients of squamous cell carcinoma,24 patients of adenocarcinoma,9 patients of adenosquamous carcinoma,small cell carcinoma of the 7 patients,5 patients of neuroendocrine carcinoma.Transcatheter uterine artery infusion of paclitaxel and nedaplatin,gelatin sponge particles was applied for uterine artery embolization.The clinicopathological parameters were analyzed,and their impacts on tumor response were investigated.RECIST criteria were used to evaluate the response in solid tumors.Student t test was used to compare cervical tumor diameter before and after treatment,and Chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data.Follow up examinations included pelvic ultrasound,gynecology,vaginal stump cell smears.Results Of the 268 patients,74 (27.6%) patients showed a complete response,160 (59.7%) patients had a partial response to uterine artery chemoembolization,and the overall response rate was 87.3%.A total of 258 (96.3 %) patients underwent surgery,and pathological complete response were identified in 46 (17.2%).Forty (14.9%) patients were found to have lymph node metastasis after surgery.Response rates of stage Ⅰ B2 and Ⅱ A cases were 94.7% and 80.1%,respectively,P < 0.05.Patients with squamous cell carcinoma showed a better response rate than patents with other pathological types (94.2% vs.53.3%),P < 0.05.Initial tumor volume and cycles of preoperative uterine artery chemoembolization had no effect onthe response rate.Conclusions Uterine artery chemoembolization can increase the rate of surgical resectionof patients with locally advanced cervical cancer and can improve the reaction rate with tolerable side effect.It is an applicable option of treatment for patients with locally advanced cervical cancer in the neoadjuvanttreatment.

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