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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 397-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995397

ABSTRACT

Clinical cases treated by magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) for different causes and types of intestinal stenosis/ atresia to successfully achieve intestinal recanalization were reviewed, so as to explore the clinical application of MCA. From May 2019 to August 2022, 4 patients underwent colorectal MCA for intestinal recanalization in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University and Northwest Women and Children's Hospital. All operations went well, and the intestinal anastomosis was recanalized. The magnetic ring was discharged in 7-15 days, and the postoperative colonoscopy or radiography showed that the anastomosis was intact. MCA can be used to treat different types of colorectal stenosis and atresia due to different reasons, and can also be used to assist intestinal anastomosis in colorectal surgery.

2.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 990-995, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005787

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the feasibility, safety and clinical application value of laparoscopic radical rectal cancer surgery with natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) by comparing the postoperative pathological data, surgery-related variables and postoperative recovery between laparoscopic radical rectal cancer surgery with NOSE and laparoscopic-assisted radical rectal cancer surgery. 【Methods】 A retrospective analysis was conducted on 74 patients who underwent radical rectal cancer surgery with anus preservation in the Department of General Surgery of The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from July 2017 to April 2022. Among them, 38 cases underwent surgery with specimen extraction through an abdominal auxiliary incision (auxiliary incision group), and 36 cases underwent surgery with specimen extraction through a natural orifice (NOSES group). The differences in the efficacy of the two surgeries were evaluated by comparing the postoperative pathological data, surgical variables, and postoperative recovery of the two groups. 【Results】 There were no statistically significant differences in general data and postoperative pathological data between the two groups (all P>0.05). The NOSES group exhibited significantly shorter operative time, time to first flatus, time to first oral intake postoperatively, and postoperative hospital stay compared to the auxiliary incision group (all P0.05). 【Conclusion】 Laparoscopic surgery with NOSE for rectal cancer is safe and feasible with minimally invasive and accelerated recovery, which is worth promoting and applying in clinical practice.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 303-308, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between transcription factors (TFs) and the prognosis of colon cancer, and to construct a prognosis model through TCGA and GEO dual databases, so as to quantify the risk of patients and guide clinical treatment decisions.Methods:The transcriptome and clinical data of colon cancer in TCGA and GEO databases were used in this study. The transcriptome data were annotated and the gene expression was calculated. The difference analysis of TFs in TCGA and GEO (log2FC > 1, P-value (Fdr) < 0.05) was performed. The difference TFs of double data intersection were used for correlation prognosis analysis ( P<0.01). The risk coefficient and risk value of prognosis-related TFs were calculated by COX multivariate analysis, and the prognosis model of TFs was constructed by COX model with "survival" and "glmnet" package. The survival curve ( P<0.001) and ROC curve (AUC>0.75) of the sequence set and verification set were drawn, and the distribution of risk value was visualized. After grouping according to risk value, GSEA enrichment analysis was calculated, gene set grid was constructed, target genes were predicted, and finally, pathway enrichment analysis of GO and KEGG was carried out. Results:387 TFs with different expressions in TCGA and GEO databases were used to draw heat map, volcanic map and TFs-related forest map, and the prognosis model of colon cancer was constructed according to COX multivariate analysis=0.310×HSF4+0.137×IRX3-0.127×ATOH1+0.290×OVOL3+0.137×HOXC6+0.155×SIX2+0.092×ZNF556-0.444×CXXC5+0.429×TIGD1+0.413×TCF7L1. Through enrichment analysis, our results showed that these prognostic factors may directly or indirectly act on cancer pathways, such as basic cell carcinoma and cancer signaling pathway, local tissue-cell adhesion, and extracellular matrix.Conclusions:The constructed TFs prognosis model of colon cancer can quantify the prognostic risk of colon cancer, and its high-risk group is an independent risk factor of colon cancer prognosis. This model is a new way to evaluate the prognosis of colon cancer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 331-338, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883249

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer, and application value of a nomogram prediction model.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 228 patients with stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer who underwent radical resection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2013 to June 2016 were collected. There were 118 males and 110 females, aged from 25 to 87 years, with a median age of 62 years. All patients underwent open or laparoscopic-assisted radical resection of colon cancer. Observation indicators: (1) postoperative tumor recurrence; (2) risk factors analysis for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer; (3) development and evaluation of a nomogram prediction model for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect postoperative 3-year tumor recurrence up to June 2019. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Pearson chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Multivariate analysis was performed using Logistic stepwise regression analysis. The independent risk factors were included into R 3.6.1 software to construct a nomogram prediction model. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawed, and the area under curve (AUC) was used to evaluate discrimination of the nomogram prediction model. The calibration chart with R software was used to evaluate consistency of the nomogram prediction model. Results:(1)Postoperative tumor recurrence: 53 of 228 patients had postoperative tumor recurrence including 19 cases with locoregional recurrence and 34 cases with distant metastasis. Of the 34 patients with distant metastasis, there were 14 cases with liver metastasis, 7 cases with lung metastasis, 4 cases with brain metastasis, and 9 cases with multiple metastasis or isolated metastasis in other sites. The time to recurrence was 12 months (range, 6-19 months). (2) Risk factors analysis for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer:results of univariate analysis showed that bowel obstruction, preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level, ascites, vascular invasion were related factors for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer ( χ2=4.463, 13.622, 10.914, 5.911, P<0.05). Pathological N stage was also a related factor for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer ( P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that preoperative CEA level >5 μg/L, ascites, vascular invasion and pathological N stage as stage N1 or N2 were independent risk factors for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer ( odds ratio=3.129, 3.071, 7.634, 3.439, 15.467, 95% confidence interval as 1.328-7.373, 1.047-9.007, 1.103-52.824, 1.422-8.319, 3.498-68.397, P<0.05). (3) Development and evaluation of a nomogram prediction model for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer: based on preoperative CEA level, ascites, vascular invasion and pathological N stage of multivariate analysis, a nomogram prediction model for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer was developed using R 3.6.1 software. The nomogram score was 41.7 for preoperative CEA level >5 μg/L, 41.0 for ascites, 74.2 for vascular invasion, 45.1 and 100.0 for pathological N stage as stage N1 and N2, respectively. The total of different scores for risk factors corresponded to the probability of postoperative recurrence. The ROC of nomogram for recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer was drawed,with the AUC of 0.805(95% confidence interval as 0.737-0.873, P<0.05). The calibration chart showed a good consistency between the probability of recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer predicted by nomogram and the actual probability of postoperative recurrence. Conclusions:Preoperative CEA level >5 μg/L, ascites, vascular invasion and pathological N stage as stage N1 or N2 are independent risk factors for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer. The nomogram prediction model contributes to prediction of the recurrent risks after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E243-E250, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802449

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the biomechanical properties of porous titanium cages used for different lumbar interbody fusion surgeries. Methods The three-dimensional (3D) finite element model of the lumbar spine was constructed, and mechanical parameters of porous materials were obtained by mechanical test. The biomechanical properties of porous titanium cages in anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), direct lateral interbody fusion (DLIF) were compared. Results After lumbar interbody surgery, the predicted range of motion (ROM) and the maximum stress in cage of DLIF model and ALIF model were substantially lower than those of PLIF model and TLIF model. The maximum stress in endplate of DLIF model, ALIF model and TLIF model were obviously lower than that of PLIF model. Conclusions DLIF with the porous cage showed advantages in biomechanical properties, which was simple to operate and suitable for minimally invasive surgery in clinical practice. DLIF performed the superior comprehensive properties.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 821-825, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801175

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and safety of magnetic tracer technique for preoperative endoscopic marking in laparoscopic surgery.@*Methods@#In the preliminary study, a total of 8 patients with gastric (n=3) or colorectal (n=5) tumors underwent endoscopic magnetic marking before laparoscopic surgery from April to June in 2019. First, a magnet was attached to the lesion by 2 titanium clips under the endoscope. Second, during the subsequent laparoscopic operations, the other magnet was sent to the vicinity of the lesion through the laparoscopic tunnel. The magnet in the abdominal cavity was quickly attracted to the one in the gastrointestinal tract to successfully locate the lesions. Data of preoperative marking and operations of 8 patients were reviewed.@*Results@#All 8 lesions were marked successfully, rapid and accurate intraoperative positioning was achieved. The mean time of endoscopic marking was 5.75±2.45 minutes, and the mean time of intraoperative localization was 1.94±0.56 minutes. All patients underwent laparoscopic tumor resections with accurate localization. The mean proximal and distal resection margins of colorectal tumors were 105 mm and 74 mm respectively. No complications occurred.@*Conclusion@#Magnetic tracer technique for laparoscopic localization, simple, safe and accurate for gastrointestinal lesions, can be performed without additional equipment or endoscopic procedures involved.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E082-E088, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803769

ABSTRACT

The research progress of finite element method (FEM) applied in biomechanics of lumbar fusion and artificial lumbar disc replacement was reviewed and its prospect was forecasted. The main research directions of FEM are optimal selection of operation plans before the surgery, performance evaluation of implanted devices and prediction of postoperative outcomes. Based on the recent research progress, the application prospects of FEM in simulation of personalized surgery, evaluation of elastic implants and postoperative prediction of novel operation method were discussed. By reviewing and prospecting the application of FEM in biomechanical research of lumbar fusion and artificial lumbar disc replacement, the purpose of this paper is to provide theoretical references and practical guidance for the treatment of lumbar diseases in clinic.

8.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E465-E470, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803738

ABSTRACT

Aiming at the background and significance of biomechanical researches on lumbar interbody fusion, the research progress of interbody cage and interbody fusion was reviewed and its prospect was forecasted. The related work was summarized, including research method of lumbar biomechanics, biomechanics of interbody cage, and biomechanics of lumbar interbody fusion. The main research directions on biomechanical study of lumbar interbody fusion were: modeling refinement of finite element method, geometrical optimization of traditional fusion device, clinical application of new porous fusion device, and diversification of the supplemented fixation method. Finally, the prospect of biomechanics of lumbar interbody fusion was discussed. The review and prospect on biomechanics of lumbar interbody fusion will provide references for clinical treatment of lumbar spine diseases.

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3466-3469, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614952

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and comparatively analysize the effect of intraperitoneal injection of hydrogen and hydrogen-rich saline in neonatal rats with hyperoxia-induced lung injury.Methods Sprague-Dawley(SD) newborn rats were randomly divided into six groups(n=10).air group(A),air+ hydrogen-rich saline group(B),air+hydrogen group(C),hyperoxia group(D),hyperoxia+hydrogen-rich saline group (E) and hyperoxia+ hydrogen group(F).The group A,B and C were exposed to air and group D,E and F were exposed to 95 % oxygen.The group B and E were intraperitoneally injected with hydrogen-rich saline (10 mL/kg,twice daily),while the groups C and F with hydrogen (10 mL/kg,twice daily).The group A and D were injected with normal saline(10 mL/kg,twice daily).Lung tissue and serum samples were collected on 15 d of experiment.The pathological changes of lung tissue and radiate alveoli count (RAC) were observed by HE staining.The content of HYP in lung tissue was detected by the alkaline hydrolysis method,serum SOD and MDA levels were measured.The expression of α-SMA in lung tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry SP method.Results Compared with the A group,RAC and SOD activities in the D group were significantly decreased,while the HYP and MDA levels and α-SMA expression were significantly increased.Hydrogen intervention could significantly alleviate these changes caused by hyperoxia.while intraperitoneal injection of hydrogen got better effect than intraperitoneal injection of hydrogen-rich saline.Conclusion Hydrogen can extenuate the indexes of hyperoxia-induced lung oxidative damage,impairment development and fibrosis to a certain extent.Intraperitoneal injection of hydrogen has slightly better effect than hydrogen-rich saline.

10.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 92-95,126, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606063

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT:Objective To compare the short-term efficacy of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery and laparoscopy-assisted radical operation,and evaluate the safety of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery and its effect on systemic stress inflammation in colorectal cancer.Methods Totally 100 patients who had colorectal cancer and underwent radical operation from September 2012 to March 2016 were selected and divided into hand-assisted laparoscopy group (Group A,n=6 3 )and laparoscopy-assisted group (Group B,n=3 7 )according to the random number table.We compared operation index,postoperative complications and systemic inflammatory response levels in the two groups.Results Group B outperformed Group A in operation time,bleeding volume and drainage volume (P0 .0 5 ).Systemic inflammatory reaction index of neutral granulocyte number and C reactive protein (CRP)showed no significant differences between the two groups (P>0 .0 5 ),but inflammatory cytokine IL-6 level in Group B was significantly higher than the that in Group A (P<0.05).Conclusion Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery has shorter operation time,lower bleeding volume than laparoscopy-assisted operation in the treatment of colorectal cancer,but the latter one has more advantages in postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery.The inflammatory cytokine IL-6 level in hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery is higher than that in laparoscopy,suggesting that the choice of operation methods should be based on the actual situation in clinical application.

11.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 492-496, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617751

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of down-regulated CDX2 gene on the migration and invasion abilities of colon cancer cells (SW480 and HT29) and investigate the role and mechanisms of CDX2 gene in occurrence and development of colon cancer metastasis.Methods CDX2 gene in HT29 and SW480 cells was down-regulated using lentivirus RNA interference (RNAi) vector.The interference efficiency of CDX2 was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting.The effect of down-regulated CDX2 expression on colon cancer cells'migration and invasion was determined by Transwell and wound heal methods.Then the effects of down-regulated CDX2 on the expressions of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related genes (E-cadherin,ZEB-1,Vimentin,Twist and Snail) were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting.Results The constructed CDX2 siRNA expression vector could significantly inhibit the expression of CDX2 in HT29 and SW480 cells.Compared with those of the cells transfected with empty vector (LV-NT-shRNA) and non-transfected cells,the migration and invasion abilities of cells transfected with LV-CDX2-shRNA were markedly enhanced (P < 0.05).E-cadherin expression was reduced while expressions of ZEB-1,Vimentin,Twist,and Snail were significantly increased (all P<0.05).Conclusion Down-regulating the expression of CDX2 can induce the occurrence of EMT,thus enhancing the invasion and migration of colon cancer cells.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 682-686, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502361

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the microRNA-155 (miR-155) expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC),and to assess its correlation with clinicopathological parameters and its prognostic significance.Methods MiR-155 expression was detected in specimens of HCC and its adjacent non-tumorous liver tissues in 124 HCC patients by real-time PCR.The expression was also detected in different HCC cell lines.The Kaplan-Meier Curve was used to analyze survival of HCC patients.Gain-and loss-of-function studies were used to determine whether miR-155 impact cell cycle,cell proliferation and apoptosis of HCC cells.Results Expression of miR-155 in HCC tissues was significantly elevated when compared with that in the adjacent non-tumor liver tissues (P < 0.05).MiR-155 expression was significantly higher in different HCC cell lines (P < 0.05) than that in normal liver cells.MiR-155 overexpression was significantly correlated with large tumor size (P < 0.05),high histological grade (P < 0.05) and advanced tumor stage (P < 0.05).Patients with high miR-155 expression had significantly decreased overall survival (P < 0.05) and disease-free survival (P < 0.05).Upregnlation of miR-155 promoted cell cycle transition from G1 to S phase (P < 0.05),increased cell proliferation (P < 0.05) and apoptosis resistance (P < 0.05) in Hep3B cells.Downregulation of miR-155 resulted in G1 arrest,apoptosis promotion and proliferation reduction in SMMC-7721 cells (P < 0.05).Conclusion MiR-155 can be used as a prognostic marker for HCC patients,and target therapy on miR-155 can be used as a potential option to prevent HCC progression.

13.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 641-645, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497469

ABSTRACT

Objective To modified doxorubicin liposome with transferrin(TF),and to investigate its inhibition efficacy on the proliferation of human breast cancer cells.Methods The liposome was prepared by thin film ultrasonic,and doxorubicin liposomal was prepared by sulfuric acid gradient.The TF-doxorubicin lipo-some was prepared by the post insertion method.The uptake of TF-liposomal doxorubicin on breast cancer cells MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 were detected by confocal microscopy.The killing ability of TF-doxorubicin liposomal targeting for MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 were detected by MTT assay.Inhibitory effect of TF-doxorubicin lipo-some on the growth of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 were detected by soft agar colony assay.Results Confocal microscopy result showed that the uptake of TF-liposomal doxorubicin on MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 were signifi-cantly higher than doxorubicin liposomal.Cell-killing ability on MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 showed that the IC50 in TF-liposomal doxorubicin [MCF-7 cells:(20.8 ±3.2)μmol/L;MDA-MB-231 cells:(20.1 ±3.0)μmol/L)] were significantly lower than the liposomal [(1 58.6 ±24.6)μmol/L;(1 60.1 ±25.1 )μmol/L)]and free doxorubicin [(1 61 .7 ±26.2)μmol/L;(1 66.9 ±27.0)μmol/L)],with significant differences(F =1 1 6.03, P <0.001 ;F =75.29,P <0.001 ).Soft agar colony assay showed that the inhibition of TF-doxorubicin lipo-some on colony growth were significantly higher than doxorubicin liposome,free doxorubicin and control [dia-meter of MDA-MB-231 cells:(60.5 ±10.4)μm,(94.3 ±16.8)μm,(1 31 .8 ±22.6)μm,(162.8 ±30.3)μm;diameter of MCF-7 cells:(31 .8 ±5.5)μm,(62.1 ±11 .1 )μm,(108.6 ±1 8.6)μm,157.4 ±29.3)μm],with significant differences (F =87.17,P <0.000 1 ;F =178.23,P <0.000 1 ).Conclusion TF-doxorubicin lipo-some has a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of breast cancer cells in vitro,and can effectively and specifically kill the breast cancer cells,which provides theoretical basis for the treatment of breast cancer in vivo.

14.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 569-573, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494301

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the expressions of Cyr61 and β‐catenin protein in gallbladder carcinoma tissues and investigate their association with the clinicopathologic features of gallbladder carcinoma patients . Methods The expressions of Cyr61 and β‐catenin protein in 50 cases of gallbladder carcinoma and 19 cases of normal tissue were detected by immunohistochemical S‐P method .Results ① The positive expression rate of Cyr61 in gallbladder carcinoma tissues was 66 .0% (33/50) ,which was significantly higher than that in the normal tissues group (26 .3% ) .The expression of Cyr61 was related to tumor differentiation ,TNM stage and lymph node metastasis of gallbladder carcinoma (P=0 .010 ,P=0 .014 ,P=0 .007;P<0 .05) .② The positive expression rate ofβ‐catenin in gallbladder carcinoma tissues was 84 .0% (42/50) ,which was significantly higher than that in the normal tissues group 15 .7% (3/19);the expression of β‐catenin was related to tumor differentiation ,TNM stage and lymph node metastasis of gallbladder carcinoma (P=0 .018 ,P=0 .002 ,P=0 .024;P<0 .05) .③ Correlation test showed that Cyr61 andβ‐catenin were positively correlated in gallbladder carcinoma and adjacent normal tissues (r=0 .378 , P< 0 .05) .Conclusion Cyr61 and β‐catenin are highly expressed in gallbladder carcinoma tissues . Cyr61 andβ‐catenin expressions are closely related to the clinicopathologic features (tumor differentiation ,TNM staging and lymph node metastasis) in gallbladder carcinoma .Cyr61 and β‐catenin may have a synergistic effect in promoting progression and development of gallbladder carcinoma .Combined detection of Cyr61 and β‐catenin in gallbladder carcinoma tissues will contribute to the clinical diagnosis and prognosis .

15.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 350-355, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489702

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions and clinical significances of Runt-domain-related 3 (Runx3) and chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 5 (CHD5) in colorectal cancer.Methods Ninety-six colorectal cancer tissue samples and matched adjacent normal tissues and 72 colorectal adenoma tissues were collected.Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of Runx3 and CHD5.The associations of Runx3 and CHD5 expression with clinical pathological characteristics,diagnostic value and prognosis relationship of patients were further analyzed.Results Runx3 and CHD5 relative expressions of mRNA and protein were 0.35 ± 0.00,0.28 ± 0.02 and 0.26 ± 0.02,0.31 ± 0.01,which were significantly lower than those in the matched adjacent tissues 0.95 ± 0.02,0.92 ± 0.02 and 0.89 ± 0.03,0.93 ± 0.02 (t =2.36,P < 0.05;t =1.25,P < 0.05;t =1.37,P < 0.05;t =1.13,P < 0.05) and colorectal adenoma tissues 0.89 ± 0.02,0.90 ± 0.02 and 0.85±0.02,0.87±0.04 (t=2.27,P<0.05;t=2.16,P<0.05;t=1.25,P<0.05;t=2.65,P<0.05).Runx3 and CHD5 expressions differed significantly between tumors with different TNM stages (x2 =4.65,P =0.031;x2 =7.89,P =0.005),depths of tumor invasion (x2 =4.17,P =0.041;x2 =4.86,P =0.028),lymph node statuses (x2 =4.20,P =0.040;x2 =7.02,P =0.008),or histological differentiation (x2 =7.31 P =0.036;x2 =9.54,P =0.023).Linear correlation analysis showed that the expressions of the two genes were positively correlated (r =0.572,P =0.001).Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that Runx3 and CHD5 had diagnostic value (AUC were 0.712,0.745;sensitivity and specificity were 45.9%,52.5% and 83.6%,81.4% respectively).Runx3 and CHD5 both low expression group compared with the other patient groups in overall survival time (x2 =8.156,P < O.05) and progression-free survival (x2 =6.325,P < 0.05) had statistically significant differences.Conclusion Runx3 and CHD5 are low expressed in colorectal cancer and may prove useful as biomarkers for diagnosis target and prognostic indication in patients with colorectal cancer.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 833-835, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488604

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of primary splenic tumors.Methods The clinical data of 47 patients with spleen tumors treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2008 to October 2014 were retrospectively analyzed.Results 28 patients had no symptoms and only on physical examination was a mass found in some patients.There were 12 patients who manifested with upper abdominal discomfort or pain, 2 patients with an epigastric mass, l patient manifested with fever and 2 patients manifested with nausea and vomiting.Preoperative examination showed anemia in 7 patients.Three patients manifested with hypersplenism.Preoperative ultrasonic examination was performed on 39 patients with a diagnostic rate of 89.7%.43 patients underwent CT examination which had a diagnostic rate of 90.7%, MRI was performed in 4 patients and the diagnoses were all correct.Of the 47 patients with splenic tumor, 38 patients had a benign tumor.34 patients were treated by surgery, including 22 patients who underwent open splenectomy, 9 patients laparoscopic splenectomy, 3 patients laparoscopic fenestration of splenic cyst.Malignant tumors were found in 9 patients.Four patients underwent splenectomy, 2 patients were treated by laparoscopic splenectomy.Preoperative examination and postoperative pathological examination showed a benign tumor in 38 patients, including 1 1 patients with a splenic cyst, 6 patients with a cavernous hemangioma, 5 patients with an inflammatory pseudo tumor of spleen (accounting for 57.3% of all the benign tumor).Malignant tumors included 5 patients with malignant lymphoma, 1 patient with splenic angiosarcoma, 1 patient with gastric carcinoma which metastasizes to the spleen, 1 patient with cervical carcinoma metastasizing to the spleen and 1 patient with liver carcinoma metastasizing to the spleen.Adjuvant chemotherapy and (or) radiotherapy after surgery were performed for patients with malignant lymphoma of the spleen.For 2 patients who were diagnosed early, surgery combined with radiotherapy or chemotherapy and immunotherapy were alive for more than 18 months.Conclusions The clinical manifestations of splenic tumors lack specificity.The diagnosis mainly depends on ultrasonic examination, CT and MRI.Early diagnosis, radical operation and comprehensive treatment are important to improve the prognosis of patients with malignant tumors of the spleen.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 218-220, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622033

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of BP1 gene in thyroid cancer and its relationship with clinicopathological features of thyroid cancer.Methods BP1 gene expression in 60 cases of thyroid cancer tissues and 20 cases of normal thyroid tissues were detected by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry.Results The positive expression rate of BP1 mRNA was 78.3 % (47/60) in the 60 cases of thyroid cancer tissues while it was 20% (4/20) in the 20 cases of normal thyroid tissues detected by in situ hybridization.The difference had statistical significance (P < 0.05).Of the 3 pathological types of thyroid cancer,the positive expression rate of papillary carcinoma was 81.6% (40/49),follicular carcinoma 85.7% (6/7),and medullary carcinoma 25.0% (1/4).The expression of BP1 mRNA had statistical difference between medullary carcinoma and other pathological types like papillary carcinoma and follicular carcinoma (P < 0.05).The positive expression rate of BP1 protein was 93.3% (56/60)in the 60 cases of thyroid cancer tissues while it was 10.0% (2/20) in the 20 cases of normal thyroid tissues detected by immunohistochemistry.The difference had statistical significance(P <0.05).Conclusion BP1 gene expression is up-regulated in human thyroid cancer and it is related to tumor stage and pathological type but not related to patients' age,sex or lymph node metastasis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1076-1078, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442073

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on lidocaine-induced apoptosis in dorsal root ganglion cells (DRGCs) of rats in vitro.Methods DRGCs in the logarithmic phase were incubated in culture plates at the density of 2 × 104 cells/cm2 (27 wells in total).DRGCs were randomly divided into 3 groups (n =9 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),lidocaine treatment group (group L) and BMSC treatment group (group B).The DRGCs in group C were incubated routinely without lidocaine,while the DRGCs were incubated for 2 h with lidocaine with the final concentration of 50 mmol/L in L and B groups.The DRGCs were then incubated normally in group L.The DRGCs were then co-cultured with the BMSCs which were incubated in Transwell chambers with the density of 2 × 104 cells/cm2 in group B.DRGCs were collected at 48 h of incubation for detection of apoptosis by flow cytometry.Apoptosis rate was calculated.Results Compared with group C,the apoptosis rate was significantly increased in L and B groups (P < 0.05).The apoptosis rate was significantly lower in group B than in group L (P < 0.05).Conclusion BMSCs can reduce lidocaine-induced apoptosis in DRGCs of rats in vitro,indicating that BMSCs may reduce local anesthetics-produced toxicity to the peripheral nerve.

19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 239-241, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436323

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of hydrogen-rich saline on the expression of miR-210 and miR-21 in hippocampus during global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in rats.Methods Seventy-two healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 9-10 weeks,weighing 250-300 g,were randomly divided into 3 groups (n =24 each):sham operation group (group S),group I/R,and hydrogen-rich saline group (group H).Global cerebral I/R was produced by 4-vessel occlusion method.In group H,0.6 mmol/L hydrogen-rich saline 5 ml/kg was injected intraperitoneally at 0 and 6 h of reperfusion,while the equal volume of normal saline was injected instead of hydrogen-rich saline in the other two groups.Rats were sacrificed at 24 and 72 h of reperfusion,and then the bilateral hippocampi were removed for detection of the expression of miR-210 and miR-21 using RT-PCR.The global brain tissues were also obtained and stained with HE for examination of the changes in pyramidal cells in the CA1 region of hippocampus.Results Compared with group S,the expression of miR-210 and miR-21 was significantly up-regulated,and the number of pyramidal cells was decreased in group I/R (P < 0.05).Compared with group I/R,the expression of miR-210 and miR-21 was significantly down-regulated,and the number of pyramidal cells was increased in group H (P < 0.05).The pathological changes were significantly ameliorated in group H.Conciusion The mechanism by which hydrogen-rich saline attenuates global cerebral I/R injury is related to downregulation of the expression of miR-210 and miR-21 in rat hippocampus.

20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 193-196, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322083

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effect of hydrogen against hyperoxia-induced oxidative stress injury in premature rat type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The type II AECs isolated from premature rats were randomly divided into air (21% oxygen) control group, hyperoxia (95% oxygen) control group, air + hydrogen group, and hyperoxia+ hydrogen group. The cells with hydrogen treatment were cultured in the presence of rich hydrogen. After the corresponding exposure for 24 h, the cell morphology was observed microscopically. MTT assay was used to evaluated the cell proliferation ability, and JC-1 fluorescence probe was used to detect the mitochondrial membrane potential (δφ) changes of the type II AECs. The concentration of maleic dialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the cell supernatant were detected using colorimetric method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant differences were found in cell growth or measurements between air control and air + hydrogen groups. Compared with air control group, the cells exposed to hyperoxia showed significantly suppressed proliferation, reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, increased MDA content, and decreased SOD activity. Intervention with hydrogen resulted in significantly increased cell proliferation and SOD activity and lowered MDA content, and restored the mitochondrial membrane potential in the cells with hyperoxia exposure (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Hydrogen can significantly reduce hyperoxia-induced oxidative stress injury in premature rat type II AECs, improve the cellular antioxidant capacity, stabilize the mitochondrial membrane potential, and reduce the inhibitory effect of hyperoxia on cell proliferation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Animals, Newborn , Antioxidants , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Epithelial Cells , Hydrogen , Pharmacology , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Oxidative Stress , Oxygen , Pulmonary Alveoli , Cell Biology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
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