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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508081


Objective To investigate the myocardial protection of intraoperative continuous in-fusion of esmolol in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery.Methods Sixty patients,thirty-two males and twenty-eight females,aged 65-80 years,weighing 40-80 kg,ASA physical status Ⅰ orⅡ,undergoing selective general anesthesia laparoscopic resection of gastrointestinal cancer were ran-domly divided into 2 groups (n = 30 ):esmolol group (group E)and control group (group NS). Group E was administered esmolol 0.3 mg/kg 3 minutes before intubation,then with a continuously infusing rate of 50 μg · kg-1 · min-1 until extubation.Group NS was administered saline instead. MAP,HR,SpO 2 ,PET CO 2 ,BIS and RPP were recorded before intubation (T0 ),intubation (T1 ), pneumoperitoneum (T2 ),the end of surgery (T3 ),extubation (T4 )and 30 minutes after extubation (T5 ).The serum levels of cTnI,CK,CK-MB and LDH were measured before anesthesia and 6,30 hours after surgery.Adverse cardiovascular event happened during perioperation and 3 months follow-ing up was recorded.Results HR,MAP,RPP at T1 ,T2 ,T4 in group E were obviously lower com-pared with group NS (P <0.05).There were no significant differences in the serum levels of cTnI, CK,CK-MB and LDH between two groups at different time points.No major adverse cardiovascular event happened in two groups during perioperation and 3 months following up.Conclusion Intraoper-ative continuous infusion of esmolol 50 μg· kg-1 · min-1 can not significantly influence the serum level of myocardial injury marker in the elderly patients without myocardial damage undergoing lapa-roscopic resection of gastrointestinal cancer.Howerver,it can effectively reduce the cardiovascular re-sponse caused by stimulation,decrease myocardial oxygen consumption,protect myocardial.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407290


BACKGROUND:At present,using membrane materials to separate spinal dura mater and scar tissue or using semiliquid materials to surround the dimension of operation are very common after laminectomy.However,therapeutic eflfects ale not satisfactory.Inhibition to the proliferation of fibroblasts,which are the main components of repairing cells,and regulating collagen metabolism have become a hot spot for preventing and treating pathological scar by a biological method.OBJECTIVE:To compare the therapeutic effects of topical application of different concentrations of mitomycin C (MMC)on preventing pefidural adhesion in rats after laminectomy by a qualitative and quantitative combined method.DESIGN:A completely randomized grouping.controlled animal experiment.SETTING:Department of Orthopaedics,Second People's Hospital of Lianyungang City.MATERIALS:Forty healthy adult male SD rats,weighing 200-220 g,were provided by the Animal Experimental Center,Nanjing Medical University.MMC was produced in Union Fermentation Co.,Ltd(Batch No.425ACI,Import drugs registration No.H20020163,Japan).METHODS:The study was performed at the Animal Laboratory Center,Nanjing Medical University,and the Basic Experimental Center,Medical College,Jiangsu University from June 2004 to October 2006.The 40 SD rats were ralndomly divided into 4 groups with 10 rats in each group:MMC high-,medium-,and low-concentration groups,and a control group.After anesthesia,each rat was removal of L1 vertebral plate.A defect(0.2 cm×0.5 cm)was created to expose duml mater.After hemostasia,cotton Pads soaked either with various concentrations ofMMC(0.1,0.05,0.01 g/L)or saline were covered on the laminectomy defects in the three MMC-treated groups and the control group for 5 minutes respeetively.The protocol was carried out in accordance with ethical guidelines for the use and care of animals.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:After the operation,4 rats were randomly selected from all anesthetized rats in each group,separately.The peridural scar tissue in the laminectomy segment was cut for calculating the contents of hydroxyproline.Spine columns in the laminectomy segment including Surrounding muscle tissue were resected for measuring irregular sear transverse area and counting the number 0ffibroblasts.The degree of peridural scar adhesion was evaluated by the light microscope.RESULTS:Forty rats were included in the final analysis.In the control group,peridural scar tissue was dense and closely adhered to dura mater.In the MMC high-concentration noticeable peridural adhesion was found.and contents of hydroxyproline,collagen tissue area and the amount of fibroblasts in the scartissue were significantly reduced compared to control group(all P<0.05).In the MMC medium-and low-concentration groups,contents of hydroxyproline,collagen tissue area and the amount of fibroblasts had reduced to different extents compared to control group.There was significant difference only in the amount of fibroblasts between the MMC mediumconcentration group and the control group(P<0.05).Incontinuous adhesion between scar tissue and dura mater was found in the MMC medium-and low-concentration groups.CONCLUSION:Topical application of 0.1 g/L MMC can effectively reduce peridural scar tissue hyperplasia and avoid peridural scartissue adhesion afterlaminectomy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544890


[Objective]To compare the effects of topical different concentration mitomycin C(MMC)in preventing postlaminectomy peridural adhesion.[Method]Laminectomies were performed at L1 in 40 rats.Cotton pads soaked either with 0.01 mg / ml(group L),0.05 mg /ml(group M),0.1 mg / ml(group H) MMC or saline(group C) were applied to the operative sites.The rats were killed 4 weeks after surgery.The specimens were prepared for determination of the degree of scar adhesion according to Rydell method,the content of Hydroxyproline(HOP),the area of peridural fibrosis and the count of fibroblasts.[Result]Dense peridural fibrosis with marked peridural adhesion showed in group C.No obvious adhesion formed in group H.In group M and L,peridural adhesion wasn't avoided.The content of HOP,the area of peridural fibrosis and the count of fibroblasts showed various degrees decrease in all MMC-treated groups.[Conclusion]Local application of 0.1 mg/ ml MMC may be a successful method of reducing postlaminectomy peridural fibrosis and completely avoided peridural adhesion.