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Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 429-447, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878573


Higher alcohols are one of the main by-products of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in brewing. High concentration of higher alcohols in alcoholic beverages easily causes headache, thirst and other symptoms after drinking. It is also the main reason for chronic drunkenness and difficulty in sobering up after intoxication. The main objective of this review is to present an overview of the flavor characteristics and metabolic pathways of higher alcohols as well as the application of mutagenesis breeding techniques in the regulation of higher alcohol metabolism in S. cerevisiae. In particular, we review the application of metabolic engineering technology in genetic modification of amino transferase, α-keto acid metabolism, acetate metabolism and carbon-nitrogen metabolism. Moreover, key challenges and future perspectives of realizing optimization of higher alcohols metabolism are discussed. This review is intended to provide a comprehensive understanding of metabolic regulation system of higher alcohols in S. cerevisiae and to provide insights into the rational development of the excellent industrial S. cerevisiae strains producing higher alcohols.

Alcoholic Beverages , Alcohols/analysis , Fermentation , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428261


Objective To investigate the therapeutic value of high-resolution microendoscopy for early esophageal cancer.Methods A total of 60 patients,who underwent esophageal endoscopy,were included in this study.The therapeutic value of high-resolution microendoscopy was investigated with reference to pathological results as golden standard.Results Diagnostic sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,negative predictive value and accuracy of microendoscopy for high grade dysplasia/early cancer were 81.22%,94.12%,81.82%,94.12%,91.11%,respectively.Diagnosis of severe dysplasia/carcinoma with high-resolution microendoscopy was highly consistent with that of pathology (K =0.760).Conclusion The high-resolution microendoscopy is of high diagnostic value for early esophagus cancer.