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1.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 32-32, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010687

ABSTRACT

Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the main cellular components of the tumor microenvironment and promote cancer progression by modifying the extracellular matrix (ECM). The tumor-associated ECM is characterized by collagen crosslinking catalyzed by lysyl oxidase (LOX). Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) mediate cell-cell communication. However, the interactions between sEVs and the ECM remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that sEVs released from oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)-derived CAFs induce collagen crosslinking, thereby promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). CAF sEVs preferably bound to the ECM rather than being taken up by fibroblasts and induced collagen crosslinking, and a LOX inhibitor or blocking antibody suppressed this effect. Active LOX (αLOX), but not the LOX precursor, was enriched in CAF sEVs and interacted with periostin, fibronectin, and bone morphogenetic protein-1 on the surface of sEVs. CAF sEV-associated integrin α2β1 mediated the binding of CAF sEVs to collagen I, and blocking integrin α2β1 inhibited collagen crosslinking by interfering with CAF sEV binding to collagen I. CAF sEV-induced collagen crosslinking promoted the EMT of OSCC through FAK/paxillin/YAP pathway. Taken together, these findings reveal a novel role of CAF sEVs in tumor ECM remodeling, suggesting a critical mechanism for CAF-induced EMT of cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paxillin/metabolism , Protein-Lysine 6-Oxidase/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Integrin alpha2beta1/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Collagen/metabolism , Fibroblasts , Extracellular Vesicles/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Tumor Microenvironment
2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 138-139, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933178

ABSTRACT

Synovial sarcoma is a soft tissue malignancy of unknown origin which usually occurs around the joints of the extremities, but rarely detected in the kidneys. A case of primary synovial sarcoma of the kidney was reported, which was preoperatively diagnosed as a malignant tumor of the right kidney for intermittent gross hematuria. After the laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, primary renal synovial sarcoma was confirmed by pathological examination. The patient refused further treatment, and there was no recurrence or metastasis during the 13 months of follow-up.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 262-266, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of Japan NBI Expert Team (JNET) classification with blue-laser imaging magnifying endoscopy (BLI-ME) for colorectal neoplastic lesions.Methods:Data of 40 colorectal neoplastic lesions in 34 patients that received BLI-ME from September 2016 to December 2018 in Peking University International Hospital were reviewed and endoscopic images from those lesions were selected. Four senior endoscopists analyzed and classified these images according to the JNET criteria and determined the possible pathologic type. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of JNET classification under BLI-ME system were calculated with final pathologic results as the golden standard.Results:Of all the 40 lesions, there were 3 non-cancerous lesions, 20 adenoma, 10 high grade intraepithelial neoplasia/submucosal-superficial lesions and 7 submucosal-deep lesions. The accuracy of 4 endoscopists was 75.00%-87.50%, and 65.38%-95.89% for different JNET types. For each JNET type, the sensitivity was 60.71%-91.67%, specificity was 84.17%-97.73%, PPV was 63.46%-95.89%, and NPV was 88.51%-99.31%. For the 4 endoscopists, the assurance rate of surface pattern was 73.08%-100.00%, 80.77%-100.00% for deciding vascular pattern, and 67.31%-100.00% for deciding final JNET type. The Kappa value between any two endoscopists was 0.630-0.887, and the interclass correlation coefficient for all results was 0.880. Conclusion:JNET classification shows significant diagnostic value under BLI-ME system for colorectal neoplastic lesions.

4.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 725-728, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515502

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of serum IL-1β,IL-6 ,TNF-α,NGF and BDNF levels and their correlation with clinical symptoms of schizophrenia inpatiens and their value in the auxiliary diagnosis of schizophrenia .Methods The case-control study was used .The levels of serum IL-1β,IL-6 ,TNF-α,NGF and BDNF were measured by using the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) in 85 inpatients with schizophrenia and 85 healthy controls .Their changes in the case group were compared between before treatment and after 3-month treatment .The Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the lev-els of IL-1β,IL-6 ,TNF-α,NGF and BDNF with the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) score and the auxiliary diagnosis value of serum cytokine and neurotrophic factor levels were evaluated with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve .Re-sults The levels of serum IL-1β(t=4 .560) ,IL-6(t= 4 .957) and TNF-α(t= 4 .799) before treatment in the schizophrenia case group were significantly higher than those in control group ,while the NGF(t= -4 .806) and BDNF(t= -4 .881) levels were sig-nificantly lower than those in the control group ,the differences were statistically significant (P<0 .01) .After 3-month treatment , the levels of serum IL-1β(t=4 .543) ,IL-6(t=4 .327) and TNF-α(t=4 .654) in the schizophrenia case group were significantly de-creased compared with before treatment ,while the NGF(t= -4 .641) and BDNF(t= -4 .876) levels were significantly increased , the differences were statistically significant (P< 0 .01) .IL-1β was positively correlated with the positive symptoms scores (r=0 .325 ,P<0 .01) ,IL-6 was positively correlated with the negative symptoms scores (r=0 .319 ,P<0 .01) ,TNF-α was positively correlated with the positive symptoms scores (r= 0 .281 ,P< 0 .01) ,NGF was negatively correlated with the positive symptoms scores(r= -0 .229 ,P<0 .05) ,BDNF was negatively correlated with the positive symptoms scores (r= -0 .272 ,P< 0 .05) .The cut-off values of serum IL-1β,IL-6 ,TNF-α,NGF and BDNF in the auxiliary diagnosis of schizophrenia were 40 .083 ,20 .037 ,17 .115 ,19 .998 ,584 .157pg/mL respectively ,the corresponding areas under the ROC were 0 .723 ,0 .772 ,0 .686 ,0 .712 and 0 .708 respectively ,the sensitivities were 0 .565 ,0 .871 ,0 .894 ,0 .859 and 0 .729 respectively ,and the specificities were 0 .871 ,0 .565 ,0 . 365 ,0 .494 and 0 .624 respectively .Conclusion The levels of serum IL-1 ,IL-6 ,TNF-α,NGF and BDNF have the correlation with the clinical symptoms of schizophrenic inpatients and have a certain value in the auxiliary diagnosis of schizophrenia .

5.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4036-4039, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662206

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of nonyphenol (NP)exposure during pregnant and lactation period on expression of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) mRNA and protein of hepatic tissues in offspring rats.Methods Pregnant rats were assigned to four groups:the exposure groups received gavage with NP at dose levels of 50 mg · kg-1 · d-1 (low dose group),100 mg · kg-1 · d-1 (medium dose group),200 mg · kg-1 · d-1 (high dose group) and the control group was treated with corn oil alone,NP exposure time was limited from gestational day 6 to postnatal day 21.The newborn rats were sacrificed at 90 days after birth,followed by blood collection and serum separation.Then,serum biochemical indicators of liver function and lipid levels were detected.Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX),superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities,malondialdehyde (MDA) level and CYP2E1 mRNA and protein levels were determined in hepatic tissues.Pathologic changes in hepatic tissues were observed with HE staining.Results Compared with the control group,the aspartate aminotransferase (ALT),alanine aminotransferase (AST) levels and AST/ALT ratio of offspring rats in exposure groups were increased in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05),as well as serum TG,TC and LDL-C levels were increased (P<0.05).The liver tissue structure of the control group was normal.The hepatic sinus of the medium dose group was showed mild expansion and inflammatory cellular infiltration.Otherwise,the liver of high dose group had a large amount of lipid droplets.Compared with the control group,SOD and GSH-PX activities were obviously decreased,while MDA level was significantly decreased in each exposure group (P<0.05).CYP2E1 mRNA and protein expression levels of medium and high dose groups were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion Exposure to NP during gestation and lactation period can induce lipid metabolism disorders and inflammatory lesions in hepatic tissues of offspring rats,and it maybe associated With up-regulation of CYP2E1 expression.

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4036-4039, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659571

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of nonyphenol (NP)exposure during pregnant and lactation period on expression of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) mRNA and protein of hepatic tissues in offspring rats.Methods Pregnant rats were assigned to four groups:the exposure groups received gavage with NP at dose levels of 50 mg · kg-1 · d-1 (low dose group),100 mg · kg-1 · d-1 (medium dose group),200 mg · kg-1 · d-1 (high dose group) and the control group was treated with corn oil alone,NP exposure time was limited from gestational day 6 to postnatal day 21.The newborn rats were sacrificed at 90 days after birth,followed by blood collection and serum separation.Then,serum biochemical indicators of liver function and lipid levels were detected.Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX),superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities,malondialdehyde (MDA) level and CYP2E1 mRNA and protein levels were determined in hepatic tissues.Pathologic changes in hepatic tissues were observed with HE staining.Results Compared with the control group,the aspartate aminotransferase (ALT),alanine aminotransferase (AST) levels and AST/ALT ratio of offspring rats in exposure groups were increased in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05),as well as serum TG,TC and LDL-C levels were increased (P<0.05).The liver tissue structure of the control group was normal.The hepatic sinus of the medium dose group was showed mild expansion and inflammatory cellular infiltration.Otherwise,the liver of high dose group had a large amount of lipid droplets.Compared with the control group,SOD and GSH-PX activities were obviously decreased,while MDA level was significantly decreased in each exposure group (P<0.05).CYP2E1 mRNA and protein expression levels of medium and high dose groups were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion Exposure to NP during gestation and lactation period can induce lipid metabolism disorders and inflammatory lesions in hepatic tissues of offspring rats,and it maybe associated With up-regulation of CYP2E1 expression.

7.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 709-712, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513052

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of indoor coal PM2.5 on the airway inflammation and the pathological morphology alterations of lung tissue in asthmatic rats induced by ovalbumin(OVA). Methods Forty six?week?old male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups(Control,OVA,PM2.5,PM2.5+OVA). Normal saline,OVA(15μg/mL)and(or)PM2.5(2.5 mg/mL)were given to rats in the four groups through intratracheal instillation for four times (two weeks one time),respectively. Twenty?four hours after the last intratracheal instillation ,bronchoalveolar irrigation lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for determinations of serum interleukin 4(IL?4),interferon gamma (IFN?γ). The lung tissue was collected for HE staining and electron microscopy detection. Results HE staining showed less inflammatory cell infiltration was observed in the control group;In PM2.5 group and OVA group,there was medium quantity of inflammatory cell infiltration,In PM2.5+OVA group, severe inflammatory cell infiltration was observed. Electron microscopy showed no abnormal lung tissue in the control group,but organelles were gradually destroyed,endothelial cell edama,alveolar interval with a large number of fibersin were observed in PM2.5 group. The exfoliated cells,local typeⅡ cells with visible damage were found in OVA group. A large number of fibers were existed among the lung tissues and organelles were destroyed,thickness of basement membrane was non?uniform,and blood air barrier structure was not clear in PM2.5 + OVA group. Compared with PM2.5+OVA group,concentration of IL?4 in PM2.5,OVA and the control group was siganificantly different(P < 0.05). A negative correlation between IL?4 and IFN?γ was observed (r =-0.358,P < 0.05). Conclusion Indoor coal PM2.5 exacerbates the airway inflammatory cell infiltration and airway remodeling in OVA?induced asthmatic rats.

8.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 537-539, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512794

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of zinc selenium tea (ZST) on glucose and lipid metabolism.Methods Rats were divided into groups C,CH,CHT and ZTH.After being fed on high-fat,high-sugar diets for seven weeks,group ZTH was irrigated with ZST for eleven weeks,while group CHT was irrigated with green tea.FBG was measured weekly.Levels of blood glucose and lipid were detected.Results FBG at 45,60,or 120 min was lower in ZTH than in CHT in week 12 (P < 0.01).In the 6th and 1 lth week,level of FBG was in group CHT > CH > ZTH > C.FBG in week 11 was lower in group ZTH than in group CHT (P < 0.05).Levels of TG,TC,HDL-C,and LDL-C were lower in group ZTH than in group CH (P < 0.05).Conclusions Zinc selenium tea can lower blood levels of glucose,lipid,and cholesterol in rats fed with high-fat,high-sugar diets.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 676-680,718, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604614

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current status of preoperative skin preparation in abdominal surgery in China,and put forward suggestions for improvement.Methods From April to May,2016,187 secondary and above hospitals in China were selected,questionnaires were used to investigate the methods for hair removal,skin disinfection on operative field,and application of surgical adhesive drape in abdominal surgery.Results A total of 187 hospitals in 14 provinces were investigated,of which 108 and 79 were tertiary and secondary hospitals respec-tively.87.70% of hospitals performed conventional preoperative hair removal in abdominal surgery,the percentage of conventional depilation in secondary hospitals was higher than tertiary hospitals(93.67% vs 83.33%,χ2 =4.520,P =0.033).85.98% of hospitals selected blade-shaving,7.93% and 23.78% applied chemical depilation and electric depilation respectively.Most hospitals (98.17%)performed skin preparation in the wards,mainly by ward nurses (98.17%),and conducted on the day of surgery (56.10%).86.63%,29.95%,and 3.74% of hospi-tals used iodophor,iodine plus alcohol,and chlorhexidine respectively for disinfecting skin on operative field. 92.51% of hospitals used skin incision/surgical adhesive drape (74.57% used selectively).Conclusion Most hos-pitals in China conventionally perform preoperative hair removal in abdominal surgery,and the primary method for depilation is blade-shaving,nearly half of the hospitals performed depilation on the day of surgery.Iodophor is the major skin antiseptic,surgical adhesive drape is widely used,but it is utilized in limited types of surgery.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 799-803, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638029

ABSTRACT

Background To understand the distribution and development of corneal nerve in animal or human has an important significance for clinical and basic research of corneal diseases.At present,some studies on cornea nerve development and location have been performed.However,the quantified study on innervation and distribution of corneal nerve fibers as embryonic development has not been reported.Objective This study attempted to understand the distribution of corneal nerve fibers in the development of chick embryo,and to evaluate the changes of the length and density of corneal nerve fibers with aging of chick embryo.Methods Whole chick corneas with limbus were obtained from chick embryo aged 6-20 days (E6-E20),and corneal nerve fiber was labeled using immunofluorescence technique by anti-neuron-specific β-Ⅲ tubulin antibody.The corneas were radially cut into 4 parts,and the integrate corneal flat mounts were prepared with the upward epithelium and mounting with anti-fade fluorescent quenching buffer glycerin containing DAPI.Fluorescence microscope was used to capture the nerve fiber images in cornea,and cornea area and the number of nerve fiber bundles were exhibited by using Photoshop CS4.Cornea nerve fiber density and total length were measured by Imaris x64 7.4.2 software.Results Total cornea flat mounts showed that the nerve bundles grew from temporal scleral forward cornea limbus at E6-E8,and the nerve fibers formed the ring surrounding by limbus during E9-E10.Then the fibers extended forward the central cornea in E11 to E15 and developed into nerve fiber plexus on the whole cornea in E16 to E20.During the period of E6-E20,the corneal surface area,the length and density of corneal nerve fibers were gradually increased with the aging of chick embryo,showing statistically significant differences among different time points (F =127.007,227.051,67.748,all at P<0.01).The increase of the corneal area of the chick embryo presented a strong positive correlation with the extending of length of the corneal nerve fiber (r =0.863,P<0.01).Chick corneal nerve fiber bundle appeared at E13,with a number of (59.00 ± 1.14)/mm2 and then increased to a peak of (576.75 ±29.16)/mm2 at E 18 and reduced to (299.67± 25.46)/mm2 at E20,with a significant difference among them (F =13.759,P=0.000).Conclusions Corneal nerve starts to develop in E9 of chick embryo,and the corneal surface area,the total length of the corneal nerve fibers and the density rapidly increase concurrently with the development of chick embryo.

11.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 196-198, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461432

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of comprehensive intervention measure on antimicrobial use and incidence of healthcare-associated infection(HAI)in patients in sports medicine department.Methods Antimicrobial use and incidence of HAI in hospitalized patients in the surgical departments (sports medicine department and other surgical departments)of a hospital between January 2006 and December 2010 were analyzed retrospectively(before intervention),from January 2011, comprehensive intervention based on clinical-centered multi-department cooperation was adopted by sports medicine depart-ment,the other surgical departments over the same period were not comprehensively intervened;antimicrobial use and inci-dence of HAI in patients in surgical departments between January 2012 and December 2013 were monitored prospectively (after intervention ),effectiveness of intervention was evaluated.Results Antimicrobial use and incidence of HAI in pa-tients in sports medicine department after intervention were both lower than before intervention (55.75% vs 95.26%,χ2=753.42;0.10% vs 0.32% ,χ2 =15.13,both P <0.01).Antimicrobial use in patients in other surgical departments after intervention was lower than that before intervention(65.63% vs 73.79% ,χ2 =251.57,P <0.01 );incidence of HAI was higher than that before intervention(0.55% vs 0.42% ,χ2 =19.04,P <0.01).Conclusion Comprehensive in-tervention measure based on clinical-centered multi-department cooperation is safe and effective,it can reduce antimicrobial use and incidence of HAI in patients in sports medicine department.

12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 424-428, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452012

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the control charts for early warning of diarrhea based on the syn-dromic surveillance data from enteric clinic in Beijing .Methods:The outpatient data from enteric clinic of a Grade Three General hospital in Haidian district , Beijing from April 1 to Oct.31, 2009 and from May 1 to Nov.10, 2010 were collected, according to the moving average method , the baseline calcula-ted, the value of probability αand μα, the early warning value based on the formula “w=Xj +μαSj”calculated and the early warning control charts drew at last .Results:According to the harmfulness , the severity and controllability of diarrheal diseases , the value of probability αwas determined as 0.01, thenμα( unilateral) as 2, based on the early warning value , the control charts of diarrheal diseases , bacillary dysentery and other infectious diarrhea were established .Conclusion:The enteric clinic requires to fur-ther collect baseline data to evaluate and continuously adjust the established control charts for the best early warning model in accordance with the enteric clinic .

13.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 584-587, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459934

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the risk factors for surgical site infections (SSIs)in patients with hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery.Methods Sixty patients who received hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery and suffered SSIs from January 2006 to January 2010 were selected as infections group,119 patients who also received hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery but didn’t develop infection were as control group,retrospective investigation was per-formed.Results Univariate analysis revealed the associated factors for post-operative SSIs were age,history of car-diocerebrovascular disease,history of abdominal surgery,history of smoking,preoperative anemia,abnormal pre-operative coagulation and blood sugar,pre-operative infection,use of laparoscope,incision type,duration of opera-tion,ASA score,post-operative drainage and dressing chang within 24 hours of post-operation(all P<0.05).Mult-ivariate analysis revealed that abdominal surgery history (OR95%CI:3.09 [1.21 -7.91 ]),high NISS score (OR95%CI:6.18[2.41-15.85])were risk factors of SSIs in patients with hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery, and dressing chang within 48 hours of post-surgery were protective factor (OR95%CI:3.81 [1.56-9.34]). Conclusion History of abdominal surgery and high score of NISS are major risk factors for SSIs in patients with hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery.To reduce the risk of SSIs,blood glucose should be actively adj usted,anemia and coagulation abnormalities should be treated;duration of operation should be shortened as far as possible,wound should be kept clean and dressing should be changed timely after surgery.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1765-1771, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458088

ABSTRACT

AIM:To study the effect of Hand2 (one of basic helix-loop-helix proteins’ transcription factors) expression on the development of the cardiac tissues in the fetal rats from gestational diabetes mellitus ( GDM) parents, and to investigate the potential pathogenesis of GDM-induced congenital cardiac defects in rats.METHODS: The adult Spra-gue-Dawley female rats were randomly divided into blank control group (n=24), GDM group (n=30), negative control group ( n=30) and insulin intervened group ( n=30) .The GDM model was established by intraperitoneal injection of 2%streptozotocin (STZ, 40 mg/kg body weight) to the pregnant rats on the successive day.The rats in insulin intervened group were injected with intermediate-acting insulin in order to keep the fasting blood glucose in the normal range.The rats in negative control group were injected with citric acid-sodium citrate buffer solution in the same position.Blood glucose and body weight were examined every day 72 h after STZ injection.On E12, E15 and E19, the rats were anesthetized and the embryonic cardiac tissues were collected after caesarean section.The histopathological changes of the cardiac tissues were observed under microscope with HE staining.The expression of Hand2 was analyzed by the method of immunohisto-chemistry.The expression of Hand2 in the cardiac tissues at mRNA and protein levels was determined by real-time fluores-cence quantitative PCR and Western blotting.RESULTS:During the development of embryonic heart, the protein expres-sion of Hand2 in the cardiac tissues was showed dynamic changes.Observed on E12, obviously increased on E15, and at the highest level on E19.Compared with the other 3 groups, the protein and mRNA expression of Hand2 in GDM group was decreased at the time points of E12 and E15.CONCLUSION:The morbidity of fetal cardiac malformation is significantly increased in GDM group, suggesting that Hand2 may be involved in the development of cardiac malformation in GDM.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1269-1274, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424007

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the role of N-cadherin in the delamination of neural crest cells. METHODS: The normal expression of N-cadherin in neural tube was identified using in situ hybridization. The cells with N-cadherin over expression were obtained by transfection of wild-type N-cadherin (wt-N-cadherin) ,and the cells with N-cadherin silencing expression were obtained by transfection of dominant-negative N-cadherin (dn-N-cadherin). The migration of cranial neural crest cells was determined by the technique of immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Either overexpression or down-regulation of N-cadherin significantly affected the migration of cranial neural crest cells. CONCLUSION: Delamination and migration of the cranial neural crest cells rely on the relative N-cadherin expression in the neural tube during neurulation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 66-67, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396861

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore a management strategy for disinfection supply in hospital. Methods A PDCA (plan, do, check, and action) model was applied to establish a manngement strategy for the disinfection supply, strengthen the education among all staff, promote the competence level of disin-fection supply center, organize joint inspection group for regular union supervision, give feedback promptly and implement strictly. Results By applying the PDCA model, the staff in the disinfection supply center strengthened the consciousness in standard cleanness, disinfection and sterilization, the number of pack-ages prepared by clinic room was reduced, and the supply of sterilized materials were more centralized. Conclusion The management strategy based on PDCA model of disinfection supply in hospital is effec-tive.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596580

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate a case of nosocomial infection incident in a hospital,analyze the reasons and put forward preventive measures.METHODS Investigation was carried out on the related people and environment in the department where the incident occurred.Analysis was made on the reasons and processing.RESULTS The nosocomial infection incident was caused by Norovirus;fecal-oral transmission and contact transmission were 2 main pathways of Norovirus.There were 7 persons who had been contaminated by Norovirus,included 5 old inpatients,1 doctor and 1 nurse.CONCLUSIONS Many people should work to prevent and control the infections in hospital,such as doctors,nurses,inpatients,hospital works etc.Hand-washing and disinfection isolation should be enhanced among the hospital staffs in the normal works.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596288

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the distribution and drug resistance of nosocomial infection pathogens.METHODS The data of pathogen′s origin and antibacterial resistance of Intensive Care Unit(ICU) inpatients from Apr 2008 to Mar 2009 in a Hospital were analyzed.RESULTS There were 226 strains pathogens isolated from 116 nosocomial infection cases,from which the Gram-negative bacteria were predominate(63.27%).The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii was the highest in Gram-negative bacteria,more than 70% isolates resistant to almost antibacterial.The main Gram-positive bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus,and the rate of meticillin-resistant S.aureus(MRSA) was 41.3%.All S.aureus were sensitive to vancomycin and Linezolid.CONCLUSIONS To control the antibacterial resistance of pathogens and decrease the nosocomial infection,it is important to strengthen the appropriate use of antibiotics.

19.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 64-65, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400679

ABSTRACT

Objective This study compared the cleaning effect of gastroscope by different cleaning mehtods and discuss practical and reliable evaluation method for the cleaning degree of gastroscope.Methods Three cleaning methods were selected and used in the cleaning of gastroscope.The Endocheck lumen was used to examine the cleaning degree of gastroscope and the effects of different methods were compared. Results The qualification rate by using ordinary cleaning method was 50.0%and it reached 60.0%and 73.3%by elevation of polyenzyme concentration and adding bedside pre-washing.which Was statistically different from that by using ordinary cleaning method(P<0.05).Conclusions Bedside pre-washing could increase the cleaning degree of gastroscope;Endocheck lumen could be regarded as an evaluation method for the cleaning degree of gastroscope.

20.
Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-560552

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate retrospectively the clinical characteristics of hospitalized ulcerative colitis(UC)patients of our department,and evaluate the diagnosis and treatment.Methods The cases of UC patients from 1989 to Jun 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. We analyzed the patients' symptoms,diagnosis,and treatment.Results There were 155 cases reviewed. The sex ratio(M/F)was 1.54∶ 1. The average age of patients was 41.8. The peak age of onset was 20~30. 32.3% of our cases were mild type,and 41.3% were moderate type,severe type were 26.5%. Of these pateints,52.9% were pancolitis,and 39.4% were chronic recurrent type,which was very common. Most cases(72.9%)were diagnosed by clinic combined with endoscope and pathology. Most of the severe UC responded well to the drug therapy. Very less(4.5%)had to underwent surgery. No patient died.Conclusion Most of our patients are mild or moderate type,and they respond well to drug some severe and moderate types need steroids and immuno suppressor. The extracolonic manifestation rate(12.9%)and operation rate(4.5%)are low.

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