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Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 344-350, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956377


Objective:To explore the use of anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) combined with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in patients with multilevel cervical spondylopathy myelopathy (CSM).Methods:The clinical data of 83 patients with multi-segment CSM admitted to the Department of Spinal Surgery of Hubei Liuqi2 Orthopaedic Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine from January 2018 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different surgical methods used in their treatment, they were divided into group A and group B. In group A, 44 patients were treated with anterior cervical ACCF combined with ACDF, and 39 patients in group B were treated with posterior single-door laminoplasty. The general clinical indexes such as operation time, perioperative bleeding volume and hospitalization time were collected.The neurological function and cervical dysfunction improvement effect of the patients before and 6 months after operation were evaluated by using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and neck disability index (NDI) scale. The cervical curvature of the patients before and 6 months after operation was compared, The complications of the two groups were observed 6 months after operation. The patients were divided into improved group (72 cases) and non improved group (11 cases). Comparison between count data groups χ 2 inspection. Independent sample t-test was used for comparison between measurement data groups conforming to normal distribution. According to the results of univariate analysis, the meaningful factors were included in the binary Logistic regression to analyze the influencing factors related to the surgical efficacy. Result:The perioperative blood loss ((153.36±10.68) mL) and hospital stay ((10.11±2.30) d) in group A were lower than those in group B ((171.47±11.32) mL, (15.58±3.76) d). There were significant differences between the two groups ( t values were 7.50 and 8.10; both P<0.001). Six months after operation, the JOA score (13.70±1.49, 12.94±1.63) and cervical curvature (22.10±3.23, 13.38±3.12) of patients in groups A and B were all higher than those before operation (9.40±1.32, 9.36±1.51; 11.16±2.60, 11.23±2.71), and group A was higher than group B, the difference was statistically significant (JOA scores before and after operation: t values were 14.33 and 10.07, respectively; cervical curvature: t values were 17.50 and 3.25, respectively; t values between groups were 2.22 and 12.47, respectively, and the P values were <0.001, <0.001, <0.001, 0.002, 0.029 and <0.001, respectively). Six months after the operation, the NDI indexes of groups A and B (11.38±4.76, 14.79±4.85) were lower than those before the operation (39.56±9.43, 39.74±9.51), and those in group A were lower than in group B, and the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 17.70, 14.60, and 3.23; all P<0.001). Binary Logistic regression showed that the duration of disease ≥6 months ( OR=59.045, 95% CI: 6.485-537.629), the presence of cervical spinal cord MRI signal changes ( OR=0.031, 95% CI: 0.002-0.587), the surgical approach (posterior approach single-door laminoplasty) ( OR=6.300, 95% CI: 1.269-31.273) was an independent risk factor affecting the surgical outcome ( P values were <0.001, 0.021, and 0.024, respectively). Conclusion:Anterior cervical ACCF combined with ACDF has an ideal surgical effect in the treatment of patients with multi-segment CSM, which can significantly improve the cervical spinal nerve function and cervical curvature, shorten the operation time and reduce the perioperative blood loss. It isstill necessary to pay attention to the patient's disease course, MRI signals changes of cervical spinal cord and the effect of surgical methods on their surgical outcomes.

Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 899-901,906, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706425


Purpose To explore three-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (3D-STI) in assessing changes of left ventricular global systolic function of viral myocarditis (VMC) child patients before and after treatment.Materials and Methods Thirty-eight VMC child patients were given related treatment and blood biochemistry test,routine ECG and 3D-STI were taken for examination before and after surgery when the index became normal and results were recorded.Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd),left ventricular endsystolic diameter (LVEDs),left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV),left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV),left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),global longitudinal strain (GLS),global radial strain (GRS),global circumferential strain (GCS) and global area strain (GAS) were obtained.Results Postoperative cardiac troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels were all statistically lower than those before surgery (P<0.05).Difference of preoperative and postoperative LVEDd,LVEDs,LVEDV,LVESV and LVEF was of no statistical significance (P>0.05).Postoperative GLS,GRS,GCS and GAS were statistically higher than those before surgery (P<0.05).Conclusion 3D-STI can evaluate abnormal change of left ventricular myocardial function of VMC child patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508933


Patients in intensive care unit were more critically ill, and often accompanied by dottiness and restless. In order to avoid the adverse events and self-injury, body constraints were often used on the patients. Therefore, this paper would discuss the ethics of body constraints and give the suggestions. According to the literature review and the analysis of the clinical nursing experience of relevant ethical principles, data was collected. The principle of informed consent, respect, and harmless was hard to decide on the issue of body constraints for patients in ICU. Nurses might pay attention to the application of ethical principles, and strengthen the humanistic care. On the issue of body constraints for ICU patients, nurses might pay special attention to the application of possible ethics principles in nursing process and reduce the application of the body constraints, and promote the physical and mental comfort of patients. It reflected the progress of the humanistic solicitude in the current clinical nursing and important value.