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Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 527-533, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734816


Objective The purpose of this study was to explore common complications and their clinicopathological features in pediatric liver transplantation.Methods Clinical and pathological data of 240 liver biopsies from 168 children that conducted liver puncture from January 2015 to May 2018 in Tianjin First Central Hospital was retrospectively analyzed.We comprehensively analyzed incidence rate and pathological features of various complications,and correlations between acute rejection and C4d staining result or Banff score.Results A total of 86.67% (208/240) liver biopsies could be definitely diagnosed with incidence rate of main complications in descending order as follows:T cell mediated rejection (TCMR) 60.57% (126/208),drug-induced liver injury (DILI) 17.31% (36/208),biliary complication 8.17% (17/208),vascular complication 3.37% (7/208),ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) 2.88% (6/208),antibody mediated acute rejection (AMR) 1.92% (4/208),HBV infection 1.92% (4/208),non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) 1.44% (3/208),chronic rejection (CR) 0.96 % (2/208) and HCV infection 0.48 % (1/208).TCMR and AMR in acute rejection (AR) accounted for 96.92% (126/130) and 3.08% (4/160),and into(portal-based,PB)type TCMR accounted for 96.03%(121/126) with the detectable rate of BP type subtype TCMR of 26.45%(32/121)within 30 d.There were 65.87% (83/126)、25.40% (32/126) 和4.76% (6/126) of BP TCMR samples with "Banff ACR RAI" score within 3-5,6-7 and 8-9,and RAI score was negatively correlated with postoperative time (r =0.127,P =0.084).The incidence rate of central perivenulitis (CP) and portal eosinophils infiltration (PEI) in BP TCMR was 63.63% (77/121) 和43.80% (53/ 121),respectively,additionally,the PEI level was positively correlate with RAI score (P<0.05).CP TCMR and AMR occurred within 30d-365 d and 8 d-180 d,respectively postoperative,while,the two CR occurred at 1095 d and 1335 d postoperative,and significant correlation was strikingly observed between rejection subtype and postoperative time (Z =9.231,P =0.026).C4d positive rate was 10% (24/240),which was associated with Banff score and postoperative time,besides,C4d score was also correlated with rejection subtype and RAI score.The occurrence of DILI was mainly at time of <90 d or >180 d postoperative,and the detectable rate of biliary complication within 180 d postoperative was 82.35% (14/17),IRI Appear in <30d.Hepatic artery complication account for nearly 57.14% (4/7),occurrence time is ≤90 d.Occurrence of HBV infection,CMV infection and NAFLD were mainly at >365 d,<90 d and <365 d,respectively.Conclusion There were lots of differences in clinical and pathological features among multi pediatric liver transplantation complications.Liver puncture plays an important role in rejection subtype classification and grading,as well as in non-rejection complications identification.

Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 853-858, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474052


Objective To explore the inhibitory effects of endogenous hydrogen sulfide, a novel and important gas-eous transmitter generated in mammalian tissues mainly by cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) or cystathionineγ-lyase (CSE) on the apoptosis of the rat hepatic BRL cell line in physiological condition. Methods BRL cells were cultured, and divid-ed randomly into several groups in different phases of the experiment, including negative-siRNA (control) group, CBS siRNA (CBS 1~3) group and CSE siRNA (CSE 1~3) group, which were used to select the most efficient sequences of siRNAs at 48 or 24-hour transfection. Solution group and (CBS+CSE) siRNA group were added to detect the variation of apoptosis. The BRL cell line was observed and evaluated at 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24 hrs after siRNA transfection. When the mechanisms of the apoptosis were detected, CBS/CSE siRNAs were transfected individually or jointly into BRL cells, and compared with nega-tive-siRNA group to examine the variation. The genic and protein expression of CBS/CSE were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot assay. After transfection of CBS/CSE siRNA, the apoptosis of BRL cells was detected by Hoechst stain and flow cytometry (FCM). The mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) changes were observed by fluorescent staining. Western blot assay was used to examine the protein expression of intracytoplasm cytochrome C (Cyt C) and cleaved-caspase 3. Re-sults CBS and CSE were observed in BRL cells. After transfection of CBS/CSE siRNA, endogenous H2S generation de-creased and the apoptosis of BRL cells increased. Accordingly, the expression of intracytoplasm-Cyt C and cleaved-caspase 3 increased. Conclusion The inhibition of endogenous H2S synthesis induced the apoptosis of BRL cells under physiologi-cal condition, which may be involved in mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 809-812, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392045


Objective To analyze the risk factors of BKV infection and compare the real-time PCR procedure and urinary sediment smears of patients checked for decoy cells. Methods The peripheral blood samples of 129 renal recipients were collected. According to the result of PCR, 129 patients were divided into 2 groups:①BKV-DNA(+);②BKV-DNA(-). The sex, age, cold ischemia time, hemotodialysis duration, immunosuppressive agent and other clinical parameters were compared between the 2 groups and a Logistic regression was performed to analyze the risk factors of BKV infection. Results There were 20(15. 5%) patients in BKV-DNA(+), 109(84. 5%)patients in BKV-DNA(-)group. Logistic regression found that the cold ischemia time, hematodialysis duration, living donor were significantly related to the BKV-DNA. The results of the real-time PCR procedure and urinary sediment smears of patients checked for decoy cells were related. Conclusion Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and urine decoy cell are good way for detection of BKV infection after renal transplantation. The cold ischemia time and hematodialysis duration and brain death donor were the risk factors of BKV infection post renal transplantation.