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1.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 594-604, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009928

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the mechanism of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) induce renal fibrosis.@*METHODS@#Renal fibroblast NRK-49F cells treated with and without TGF-β1 were subjected to RNA-seq analysis. DESeq2 was used for analysis. Differentially expressed genes were screened with the criteria of false discovery rate<0.05 and l o g 2 F C >1. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed for differentially expressed genes. Genes encoding transcription factors were further screened for differential expression genes. Then, the expression of these genes during renal fibrosis was verified using unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced mouse renal fibrosis model and a public gene expression dataset (GSE104954).@*RESULTS@#After TGF-β1 treatment for 6, 12 and 24 h, 552, 1209 and 1028 differentially expressed genes were identified, respectively. GO analysis indicated that these genes were significantly enriched in development, cell death, and cell migration. KEGG pathway analysis showed that in the early stage of TGF-β1 induction (TGF-β1 treatment for 6 h), the changes in Hippo, TGF-β and Wnt signaling pathways were observed, while in the late stage of TGF-β1 induction (TGF-β1 treatment for 24 h), the changes of extracellular matrix-receptor interaction, focal adhesion and adherens junction were mainly enriched. Among the 291 up-regulated differentially expressed genes treated with TGF-β1 for 6 h, 13 genes (Snai1, Irf8, Bhlhe40, Junb, Arid5a, Vdr, Lef1, Ahr, Foxo1, Myc, Tcf7, Foxc2, Glis1) encoded transcription factors. Validation in a cell model showed that TGF-β1 induced expression of 9 transcription factors (encoded by Snai1, Irf8, Bhlhe40, Junb, Arid5a, Vdr, Lef1, Myc, Tcf7), while the expression levels of the other 4 genes did not significantly change after TGF-β1 treatment. Validation results in UUO-induced mouse renal fibrosis model showed that Snai1, Irf8, Bhlhe40, Junb, Arid5a, Myc and Tcf7 were up-regulated after UUO, Vdr was down-regulated and there was no significant change in Lef1. Validation based on the GSE104954 dataset showed that IRF8 was significantly overexpressed in the renal tubulointerstitium of patients with diabetic nephropathy or IgA nephropathy, MYC was highly expressed in diabetic nephropathy, and the expressions of the other 7 genes were not significantly different compared with the control group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TGF-β1 induces differentially expressed genes in renal fibroblasts, among which Irf8 and Myc were identified as potential targets of chronic kidney disease and renal fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Humans , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Diabetic Nephropathies/pathology , Transcriptome , Signal Transduction , Kidney , Ureteral Obstruction/pathology , Fibrosis , Interferon Regulatory Factors , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 597-601, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of superior cervical ganglion block (SCGB) on cardiac function and nucleotide like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) signaling pathway in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R).Methods:Sixty healthy SPF male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 250-300 g, aged 2-3 months, were divided into 4 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (sham group), myocardial I/R group (IR group), myocardial I/R + normal saline group (IR+ NS group), and myocardial I/R + SCGB group (IR+ SCGB group). Myocardial I/R model was developed by ligation of the left anterior descending branch of the coronary artery for 45 min followed by restoration of blood flow in anesthetized aninals. IR+ SCGB group received SCGB (0.25% ropivacaine 0.1 ml) at 10 min before reperfusion once a day for 2 consecutive weeks, while 0.9% sodium chloride was given instead of ropivacaine in IR+ NS group. Blood samples were collected at 24 h and 14 days of reperfusion for determination of serum concentrations of norepinephrine (NE), troponin T (TnT), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-18 (IL-18) and IL-1β by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Echocardiography was performed before ischemia and at 14 days of reperfusion, and left ventricular short axis shortening rate (FS), ejection fraction (EF), and cardiac output (CO) were measured. The rats were sacrificed at 14 days of reperfusion and the hearts were taken for determination of the contents of norepinephrine (NE) in myocardial tissues in the infarction area (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), percentage of myocardial fibrosis area (by Masson staining), M1 macrophage marker CD68 + cell count in the infarction area (by immunohistochemical method), and expression of NLRP3 and gasdermin D (GSDMD) in myocardial tissues (by Western blot). Results:Compared with Sham group, the serum concentrations of TnT, TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β, percentage of myocardial fibrosis area, and NE levels in serum and myocardial tissues were significantly increased, the expression of NLRP3 and GSDMD in myocardial tissues was up-regulated, CD68 + cell count was increased, and EF, CO and FS were decreased in IR group ( P<0.05). Compared with IR group, the serum concentrations of TnT, TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β, percentage of myocardial fibrosis area, and NE levels in serum and myocardial tissues were significantly decreased, the expression of NLRP3 and GSDMD in myocardial tissues was down-regulated, CD68 + cell count was decreased, and EF, CO and FS were increased in IR+ SCGB group ( P<0.05), and no statistically significant changes were found in the parameters mentioned above in IR+ NS group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:SCGB can improve the cardiac function in a rat model of myocardial I/R, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NLRP3 signaling pathway.

3.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1017-1022, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954423

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the fingerprint and stoichiometric analysis mode of Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography Tandem Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) of Fritillaria anhuiensis Bulbus, so as to provide reference for its quality evaluation and standard formulation. Methods:By setting the CORTECS C18 column at 4.6 mm×150 mm, 2.7 μm with the mobile phases of acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid and 10 mmol/L aqueous ammonium formate for gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.4 ml/min and an injection volume of 2.0 μl. The TCM fingerprint similarity evaluation system (2012 version) was used to evaluate 9 batches of Fritillaria anhuiensis Bulbus samples. By using Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) technique to make quantity analysis and by combining cluster analysis, principal component analysis and orthogonal least squares-discriminant analysis to make overall quality evaluation. Results:The fingerprint profiles of different batches of Fritillaria anhuiensis Bulbus were established and 21 common peaks were identified, and 12 of them were initially identified. Cluster analysis, principal component analysis and orthogonal least squares-discriminant analysis were used to cluster the nine batches of Fritillaria anhuiensis Bulbus into three categories. Conclusion:The fingerprint established in this study combined with the chemical pattern recognition method are highly sensitive and specific, which could reflect the overall characteristics and differences of Fritillaria anhuiensis Bulbus, providing reference for the quality evaluation of Fritillaria anhuiensis Bulbus and standardization of it.

4.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 340-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924169

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the radioactive level of gross alpha and beta in drinking water in one district in Shanghai and provide a scientific basis for measuring the level of radiation in case of drinking water pollution due to potential nuclear accidents. MethodsA total of154 samples collected across the district were monitored by using the standard examination method for drinking water - radiological parameters GB/T 5750.13-2006. ResultsAll the samples of the drinking water conformed to the standard for drinking water quality GB 5749-2006. The differences between different seasons were significant. The difference of gross alpha and beta radioactivity of drinking water was significant between the high water period and the dry water period. The former was higher than the latter. ConclusionIt is very important to monitor and study radioactivity of drinking water regularly for the prevention and control of health damage caused by radioactive water pollution.

5.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1030-1032, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907896

ABSTRACT

A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of a child with X-linked hyper IgM syndrome (XHIGM) with cholangiectasis as a major manifestation in Children′s Hospital of Fudan University in March 2017.The patient was a 4-year-old boy who was admitted to the hospital due to repeated diarrhea for half a year and yellow skin for 5 days.No abnormalities were found in his fetal period and birth history; The patient had 2 severe pneumonias and suppurative infection of the left axillary lymph node in infancy.Physical examination revealed delayed physical development, severe malnutrition, moderately stained yellow, lymphadenopathy and hepatomegaly.Laboratory examinations showed elevated leukocyte, eosinophils and C-reactive protein, low hemoglobin and albumin, high gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), low IgG and normal IgM.Imaging examination revealed diffuse expansion of intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts.Hepatic pathology showed hyperplasia in the bile canaliculus and some fibrous tissues around the large bile ducts.High-throughput sequencing identified a pathogenic mutation in the XHIGM gene CD 40LG (exon5 c. 506A>G, p.Y169C), with his mother as a carrier.After admission, the patient was given anti-infection, diet adjustment, albumin, intravenous immunoglobulin and ursodeoxycholic acid.The patient was discharged after the improvement in his condition.This case suggested that in addition to the common infection characteristics, XHIGM can also be manifested as diffuse intrahepatic, extrahepatic cholangiectasis and significantly elevated eosinophil.c.506A>G mutation in CD 40LG was the pathogenic mutation of this disease.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 168-173, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expressions of miRNA-17-92 (miR-17-92) cluster and mitofusin 2 (MFN2) protein in endometrial cancer (EC) and their clinical significances.Methods:A total of 72 EC tissues, 36 endometrial lesions of patients with endometrial atypical hyperplasia, and 22 normal endometrial tissues from total hysterectomy for grade Ⅲ cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from January 2008 to December 2014 were collected; at the same time, all patients' paraffin-embedded tissues were collected. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression level of miR-17-92 in each tissue. Immunohistochemical SP method was used to detect the localization and expression level of MFN2 protein in each paraffin-embedded tissue. The correlation of miR-17-92 and MFN2 protein with clinicopathological features of EC patients was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve of patients with different miR-17-92 and MFN2 levels, and log-rank test was made; Cox proportional hazard regression model was used for multivariate survival analysis.Results:The relative expression of miR-17-92 in EC, atypical hyperplasia and normal endometrial tissues were 1.49±0.46, 1.01±0.30 and 0.69±0.20, respectively. The expression of miR-17-92 in EC tissues was higher than that in the other endometrial tissues, and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.01). The high-expression rates of MFN2 protein in EC, atypical hyperplasia and normal endometrial tissues were 20.8% (15/72), 39.4% (13/33) and 85.0% (17/20); the high-expression rate of MFN2 protein in EC tissue was lower than that in the other endometrial tissues, and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.012 5). In EC patients, the relative expression of miR-17-92 in patients with histological type Ⅱ was higher than that in patients with histological type Ⅰ ( P < 0.05); the relative expression of miR-17-92 in patients with myometrial invasion depth ≥1/2 were higher than that in patients with myometrial invasion depth <1/2 ( P < 0.05). The high-expression rate of MFN2 protein in patients with histological type Ⅰ was higher than that in patients with histological type Ⅱ ( P < 0.05); the high-expression rate of MFN2 protein in patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) grade Ⅰ was higher than that in patients with FIGO grade Ⅱ and Ⅲ ( P < 0.05). When the EC patients were grouped according to the median relative expression of miR-17-92 (1.421), Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the median overall survival (OS) time of the miR-17-92 low-expression group (36 cases) was not reached, and the high-expression group (36 cases) was 36 months (95% CI 32-42 months), and the difference in OS between the two groups was statistically significant ( P = 0.049); the median OS time of the MFN2 high-expression group (15 cases) was not reached, and the low-expression group (57 cases) was 38 months (95% CI 33-41 months), and the difference in OS between the two groups was statistically significant ( P = 0.046). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the expression levels of miR-17-92 and MFN2 were independent influencing factors for the survival of EC patients ( HR = 3.10, 95% CI 1.36-7.07, P = 0.007; HR = 0.30, 95% CI 0.09-0.99, P = 0.048). Conclusion:The high-expression of miR-17-92 and low-expression of MFN2 protein in EC tissues may be involved in the occurrence and development of EC, and they can be used as indicators for judging the prognosis of EC patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1095-1101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883116

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study was to explore "Internet + nursing service" mode, the tumor specialist nurses nursing service experience and feelings, in the process of mining "Internet + nursing service" model of current existing problems and future development direction, discussed under the background of constructing a new mode of medical and health services, how to expand the tumor specialized subject "Internet + nursing service" the breadth and depth to improve the quality of life of cancer patients and nursing service benefit.Methods:Through the review of the literature, the focus and direction of the research were determined. A semi-structured interview was conducted with 12 oncology nurses enrolled in "Internet + nursing service" by qualitative research. Colaizzi seven-step method was used to encode, classify and extract the data.Results:The experience of "Internet + nursing service" carried out by oncology nurses can be summarized into the following five themes: Be more willing; professional identity of specialist nurses is higher (self-identity, patient identity, social identity); Multiple psychological experience (stress experience: the limitation of specialized operation and the pressure of communication; Adaptive experience: "Specialist cooperation and two-person home visit mode" is well adapted). The time and economic cost of specialist services are higher. The matching degree of service item supply and market demand is insufficient.Conclusions:In order to further expand the depth and breadth of "Internet + nursing service" in oncology, and to benefit more cancer patients in the long-term treatment and rehabilitation process, it is necessary to improve the recognition degree of nurse specialty, so as to improve the willingness to work; increase nurse training to enhance nurses' comprehensive coping ability; improving policy and economic support based on the characteristics of tumor diseases; improve the oncology "Internet + nursing services" project.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 768-777, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the long-term efficacy and complication rate of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) and the effects of different ways of transplantation and treatment courses on the efficacy of FMT.Methods:From April 2012 to April 2020, the data of 3 932 patients (804 cases of Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command and 3 128 cases of Tenth People′s Hospital of Tongji University) who voluntarily received FMT treatment were prospectively collected. After the first course of transplantation, the follow-up rate and efficacy and complications in 5 years were observed at the 1st, 12th, 24th, 36th, 48th and 60th month. According to the different ways of the first transplantation, 3 932 patients were divided into nasointestinal tube group (2 604 cases), capsule group (873 cases), colonoscopy group (268 cases) and enema group (187 cases). One month after transplantation, the effective rate and complication were observed. At the same time, the 1 813 patients with FMT less than four courses were divided into 1 treatment course group (369 cases), 2 treatment courses group (568 cases), 3 treatment courses group (497 cases) and 4 treatment courses group (379 cases). The effective rates of patients in four groups with different treatment courses were observed 6 months after finishing the treatment. Chi square test was used for statistical analysis.Results:Among 3 932 patients, the follow-up rates at 1st, 12th, 24th, 36th, 48th and 60th month after the first course of FMT were 93.67%(3 683/3 932), 82.30%(2 307/2 803), 82.17%(1 825/2 221), 62.41%(978/1 567), 59.85%(559/934) and 60.84%(289/475), respectively. The total effective rates at 1st, 12th, 24th, 36th, 48th and 60th month were 67.23%(2 476/3 683), 64.20%(1 481/2 307), 59.29%(1 082/1 825), 59.71%(584/978), 55.81%(312/559) and 59.17%(171/289), respectively. During FMT period, the total incidence of different complications was 34.49%(1 356/3 932). During follow-up period, the total rate of complication was 4.22%(166/3 932). There were no serious adverse events such as gastrointestinal perforation, multi-drug resistant bacterial infection, organ failure and death. One month after FMT, the effective rates of nasojejunal tube group, capsule group, colonoscopy group, and enema group were 67.18%(1 668/2 483), 68.63%(549/800), 67.23%(158/235), 61.21%(101/165), respectively. There was no significant difference among the four groups ( P>0.05). The effective rates of patients with chronic constipation in nasal jejunal tube group, capsule group and colonoscopy group were all higher than that of enema group (67.82%, 1 043/1 538; 67.98%, 138/203 and 62.96%, 17/27 vs. 26.67%, 8/30), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=22.55, 19.07 and 7.60, all P<0.01). During the period of FMT, the total incidence of complications of nasojejunal tube group, capsule group, colonoscopy group and enema group were 35.22%(917/2 604), 30.24%(264/873), 42.54%(114/268) and 32.62%(61/187), respectively. The difference was statistically significant among four groups ( χ2 =18.84, P<0.01). Among nasojejunal tube group, capsule group, colonoscopy group and enema group, there were significant differences in the incidence of diarrhea (4.49%, 117/2 604; 4.58%, 40/873; 7.83%, 21/268 and 5.35%, 10/187, respectively), throat pain (5.30%, 138/2 604; 0.69%, 6/873; 2.99%, 8/268 and 1.07%, 2/187, respectively), gastrointestinal bleeding (0; 0; 1.87%, 5/268 and 0.53%, 1/187, respectively) and enterogenous infection (0; 0; 1.49%, 4/268 and 0.53%, 1/187, respectively) ( χ2 =8.24, 39.24, 63.13 and 49.68, all P<0.05). At the 6th month after treatment, the effective rates of 1 treatment course group, 2 treatment courses group, 3 treatment courses group and 4 treatment courses group were 63.94%(211/330), 61.93%(301/486), 65.75%(286/435) and 72.54%(251/346), respectively. There were statistically significant differences among groups with different treatment courses ( χ2 =10.70, P =0.01). The effective rate of the four treatment courses group was significantly higher than those of the one treatment course group, two treatment courses group and three treatment courses group, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=5.78, 10.18 and 4.14, all P<0.05). The effective rates of in chronic constipation and autism in 4 treatment courses group were significantly higher than those in 1 treatment course group and 2 treatment courses group (72.73%(136/187) vs.55.47%(71/128) and 58.71%(155/264), 72.73%(40/55) vs.6/15 and 47.83%(11/23)), the effective rate of autism in 3 treatment courses group was higher than that in 1 treatment course group (69.05%(29/42) vs. 6/15), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=10.05, 9.39, 5.60, 4.44 and 3.94, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The long-time efficacy of FMT is definite in the treatment of intestinal flora derangement related intestinal diseases and extraintestinal diseases complicated with intestinal disfunction and there are no serious adverse events. The efficacy of FMT is related to the way of transplantation and treatment. The incidence of complications of FMT is related to the way of transplantation. Different ways of transplantation and treatment courses should be formulated for different diseases.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 744-748, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801571

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fecal microbiota transplantation for radiation intestinal injury.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 32 radiation intestinal injury patients including 6 males and 26 females, aged (59.4±9.5) years, with an age range of 51-86 years who underwent fecal microbiota transplantation from August 2017 to August 2018 in the Intestinal Microenvironment Treatment Centre, Tenth People′s Hospital of Tongji University was performed. The efficacy (cure rate, improvement rate), nutritional indicators (body weight, albumin, hemoglobin), inflammation index (C-reactive protein), gastrointestinal quality of life index score and adverse events were compared after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation. The patients were followed up for 1 year by telephone, outpatient and network. The follow-up was carried out in combination with the above-mentioned effectiveness and safety indicators. The time was until August 2019. The measurement data were expressed as mean±standard deviation (Mean±SD), the count data were expressed as percentage. The paired t test was used for comparison between groups.@*Results@#The clinical cure rate and clinical improvement rate of patients who received fecal microbiota transplantation for 1 year were 56.3% and 15.6%, respectively. Body weight increased from pre-treatment (53.7 ± 9.6) kg to (60.8 ± 2.1) kg after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation, albumin increased from pre-treatment (30.7±4.6) g/L to (37.5±3.8) g/L after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation, and hemoglobin increased from pre-treatment (108.5±13.1) g/L to (123.3±13.4) g/L after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation. C-reactive protein decreased from pre-treatment (24.1±4.5) mg/L to (3.2±4.5) mg/L after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation. Gastrointestinal quality of life index scores were significantly increased after fecal microbiota transplantation, from (88.4±7.1) scores to (112.2±3.2) scores after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation. No serious adverse events occurred during the whole follow-up. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Fecal microbiota transplantation techndogy is effective and safe for radiation intestinal injury patients, which is worthy of clinical research.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1085-1087, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824659

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of ATP-binding cassette B subfamily member 1 transporter (ABCB1) C3435T genetic polymorphism on the efficacy of postoperative analgesia.Methods One hundred American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ patients,aged 18-60 yr,scheduled for elective thoracoscopic lobectomy under general anesthesia,were enrolled in this study.The gene mutation of ABCB1 C3435T was detected,and the patients were divided into 3 groups according to the genotypes:wild homozygote group (CC group),mutation heterozygote (CT group) and mutation homozygote group (TT group).Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia was performed with sufentanil after operation.Visual analogue scale (VAS) scores at 24 and 48 h after operation,postoperative consumption of sufentanil,sleep quality score at 24 h after operation and state-trait anxiety score were recorded.Results Compared with CC group,VAS scores at 24 h after operation and postoperative consumption of sufentanil were significantly decreased in TT and CT groups,and the state-trait anxiety score was significantly decreased in TT group and increased in CT group (P<0.05).Compared with TT group,VAS scores at 24 h after operation,postoperative consumption of sufentanil and the state-trait anxiety score were significantly increased in CT group (P<0.05).There was no significant difference in sleep quality scores among the three groups (P>0.05).Conclusion ABCB1 C3435T genetic polymorphism may be one of the mechanisms of the individual variation in the efficacy of postoperative analgesia.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 744-748, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823520

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fecal microbiota transplantation for radiation intestinal injury.Methods Retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 32 radiation intestinal injury patients including 6 males and 26 females,aged (59.4 ± 9.5) years,with an age range of 51-86 years who underwent fecal microbiota transplantation from August 2017 to August 2018 in the Intestinal Microenvironment Treatment Centre,Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University was performed.The efficacy (cure rate,improvement rate),nutritional indicators (body weight,albumin,hemoglobin),inflammation index (C-reactive protein),gastrointestinal quality of life index score and adverse events were compared after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation.The patients were followed up for 1 year by telephone,outpatient and network.The follow-up was carried out in combination with the above-mentioned effectiveness and safety indicators.The time was until August 2019.The measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation (Mean ± SD),the count data were expressed as percentage.The paired t test was used for comparison between groups.Results The clinical cure rate and clinical improvement rate of patients who received fecal microbiota transplantation for 1 year were 56.3% and 15.6%,respectively.Body weight increased from pre-treatment (53.7 ± 9.6) kg to (60.8 ± 2.1) kg after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation,albumin increased from pre-treatment (30.7 ± 4.6) g/L to (37.5 ± 3.8) g/L after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation,and hemoglobin increased from pre-treatment (108.5 ± 13.1) g/L to (123.3 ± 13.4) g/L after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation.C-reactive protein decreased from pre-treatment (24.1 ±4.5) mg/L to (3.2 ±4.5) mg/L after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation.Gastrointestinal quality of life index scores were significantly increased after fecal microbiota transplantation,from (88.4 ± 7.1) scores to (112.2 ± 3.2) scores after 1 year of fecal microbiota transplantation.No serious adverse events occurred during the whole follow-up.The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusions Fecal microbiota transplantation techndogy is effective and safe for radiation intestinal injury patients,which is worthy of clinical research.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1085-1087, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798068

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of ATP-binding cassette B subfamily member 1 transporter (ABCB1) C3435T genetic polymorphism on the efficacy of postoperative analgesia.@*Methods@#One hundred American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ patients, aged 18-60 yr, scheduled for elective thoracoscopic lobectomy under general anesthesia, were enrolled in this study.The gene mutation of ABCB1 C3435T was detected, and the patients were divided into 3 groups according to the genotypes: wild homozygote group (CC group), mutation heterozygote (CT group) and mutation homozygote group (TT group). Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia was performed with sufentanil after operation.Visual analogue scale (VAS) scores at 24 and 48 h after operation, postoperative consumption of sufentanil, sleep quality score at 24 h after operation and state-trait anxiety score were recorded.@*Results@#Compared with CC group, VAS scores at 24 h after operation and postoperative consumption of sufentanil were significantly decreased in TT and CT groups, and the state-trait anxiety score was significantly decreased in TT group and increased in CT group (P<0.05). Compared with TT group, VAS scores at 24 h after operation, postoperative consumption of sufentanil and the state-trait anxiety score were significantly increased in CT group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in sleep quality scores among the three groups (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#ABCB1 C3435T genetic polymorphism may be one of the mechanisms of the individual variation in the efficacy of postoperative analgesia.

13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 861-868, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797961

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for intestinal disorders.@*Methods@#A retrospectively descriptive cohort study was carried out. Clinical data of 2010 patients who underwent FMT and received follow-up for more than 3 months from May 2014 to November 2018 were collected, including 1,206 cases from Tongji University Shanghai Tenth People′s Hospital and 804 cases from Nanjing Eastern Military General Hospital. Of the 2,010 patients, 797 were male and 1,213 were female, with a mean age of (49.4±16.5) years old. Inclusion criteria were those with indications for FMT and voluntary treatment of FMT. Pregnant or lactating women, patients with end-stage disease, cases who were participating or participated in other clinical trials within 3 months, and patients with previous bowel history of pathogen infection, oral antibiotics or proton pump inhibitors (PPI) for the recent2 weeks, and those at immunosuppressive state were excluded. Informed consent was obtained from the enrolled patients and their families. There were 1,356 cases of constipation, 175 cases of inflammatory bowel disease, 148 cases of chronic diarrhea, 127 cases of radiation enteritis, 119 cases of irritable bowel syndrome, and 85 cases of autism (complicating with intestinal disorders). FMT donor requirements: (1) 18 to 30 years old non-relatives, non-pregnant healthy adults with healthy lifestyle and good eating habits as volunteers to participate in fecal donation; (2) no administration of antibiotics within 3 months; (3) no chronic diseases such as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, etc., no autoimmune disease, not in immunosuppressive state, no history of malignant disease; (4) negative pathogen examination of infectious diseases (hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, syphilis, HIV, etc.); (5) negative fecal examination (C.difficile, dysentery bacillus, Shigella, Campylobacter, parasites, etc.). The donor requirements after enrollment: (1) physical examination was reviewed once every two months, and the result still met the above requirements; (2) 16S rRNA sequencing was performed for every fecal donation in order to ensure that the composition and diversity of the fecal flora was stable and reliable. The preparation of the stool suspension referred to the Amsterdam criteria and the preparation process was less than 1 hour. The preparation of the FMT capsule was processed by pre-freezing the stool suspension after the preparation of the above suspension, and the frozen sample was transferred into a freeze dryer for freezing. The dried and lyophilized powder was encapsulated in capsules, and the capsule shell was made of acid-resistant hypromellose capsule (No.0) and pediatric-specific capsule (No.3), sealed and packaged in a-20℃ refrigerator. Three ways of accepting FMT treatment pathways included 6-day transplantation after the placement of the nasointestinal tube, 6-day oral FMT capsule transplantation and one-time transplantation through colonoscopy. Intestinal preparation (nasointestinal tube feeding of polyethylene glycol until watery stool) was carried out before transplantation. Other treatments were stopped during treatment and follow-up, and any medication was not recommended when necessary.@*Results@#Of the 2010 patients, 1,497 cases received nasointestinal tube transplantation (nasointestinal tube group), 452 cases oral capsule transplantation (oral capsule group) and 61 cases colonoscopy (colonoscopy group). At 3 time points of 3, 12, and 36 months after FMT, the clinical cure rates and the clinical improvement rates were 41.3% (560/1 356), 35.2% (320/909), 31.4% (69/220), and 29.0% (393/1 356), 27.8% (253/909), 29.1% (64/220), respectively in constipation patients; 33.1% (58/175), 29.9% (35/117), 24.5% (12/49), and 31.4% (55/175), 27.4% (32/117), 57.1% (28/49), respectively in inflammatory bowel disease patients; 87.8% (130/148), 81.8% (81/99), 78.3% (36/46), and 8.1% (12/148), 7.1% (7/99), 4.3% (2/46), respectively in chronic diarrhea patients; 61.4% (78/127), 56.5% (48/85), 47.6% (20/42), and 21.2% (27/127), 15.3% (13/85), 14.3% (6/42), respectively in radiation enteritis patients; 53.8% (64/119), 45.0% (36/80), 6/15, and 21.0% (25/119), 26.2% (21/80), 4/15, respectively in irritable bowel syndrome patients; 23.5% (20/85), 22.8% (13/57), 20.0%(5/25), and 55.3% (47/85), 49.1% (28/57), 40.0% (10/25), respectively in autism patients. Meanwhile the clinical cure rates and the clinical improvement rates at 3, 12, and 36 months were 47.7% (714/1 497), 42.8% (425/994), 39.1% (128/327), and 29.1% (436/1 497), 27.0% (268/994), 28.1% (92/327), respectively in the nasointestinal tube group; 38.7% (175/452), 30.2% (91/301), 33.3% (16/48), and 24.3% (110/452), 26.2% (79/301), 25.0% (12/48), respectively in the oral capsule group; 34.4% (21/61), 32.7% (17/52), 18.2% (4/22), and 21.3% (13/61), 13.5% (7/52), 45.5% (10/22), respectively in colonoscopy group. No serious adverse events occurred during treatment and follow-up period. The adverse event of nasointestinal tube group presented higher ratio of discomfort in respiratorytract accounting for 13.1% (196/1497); the oral capsule group had a higher proportion of nausea and vomiting when swallowing capsules accounting for 7.1% (32/452); the colonoscopy group was mainly diarrhea, accounting for 37.7% (23/61). The above symptoms disappeared after the nasointestinal tube was removed, or after treatment ended, or within 1 to 3 days after hospitalization.@*Conclusion@#FMT is a safe and effective method for the treatment of intestinal dysfunction.

14.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 446-450, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711426

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify Mobiluncus species with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ioniza-tion time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and 16S rRNA gene sequencing and to analyze anti-biotic resistance genes and phylogenetic relationships among Mobiluncus species with whole genome sequen-cing. Methods Twenty-five Mobiluncus strains were isolated after anaerobic culture of 65 vaginal secretion samples of patients with bacterial vaginosis (BV) and identified to species level by MALDI-TOF MS and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The whole genome DNA of each strain was extracted for next-generation sequencing. SPAdes was used to assembly genomes. Resistance genes were searched in ARGD database. The core ge-nome of all isolates was analyzed by Harvest to construct phylogenetic tree. Results MALDI-TOF MS could only identify Mobiluncus curtisii, while 16S rRNA gene sequencing could identify both Mobiluncus mulieris and Mobiluncus curtisii. Results of the whole genome sequencing showed that tetracycline resistance gene tet ( o) and macrolides resistance gene erm(x) were the two predominant acquired resistance genes of Mobilun-cus with a positive rate of 84. 7% and 61. 5% respectively. Intra-species relationships of the two Mobiluncus species were close, but a distant phylogenetic relationship was found between the two species. Conclusion This study shows that MALDI-TOF MS can't be used to identify Mobiluncus mulieris at present. Mobiluncus strains have potential resistance to tetracycline and macrolides. Intra-species evolution of Mobiluncus is slow, which indicates that there is no growing trend towards new species for the time being.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1372-1375, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734488

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Edaravone on cognitive dysfunction and on protein expression of the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (MAPK/ERK)signaling pathway in elderly patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods A total of 100 elderly patients with acute ischemic cerebral stroke admitted to our hospital from January 2011 to December 2015 were enrolled in this study.During the corresponding period ,100 healthy individuals receiving regular check-ups were selected as the control group. The effects of Edaravone on cognitive function in elderly patients with acute ischemic cerebral stroke were assessed.Serum proteins related to the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway were assayed. Results Elderly patients with acute ischemic stroke showed obvious cognitive dysfunction ,and scores on memory ,orientation ,attention ,calculation language and recall significantly decreased(P<0.01)but returned to normal after Edaravone treatment (P<0.01).Compared with the control group ,serum protein expression of rat sarcoma (Ras) ,rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma(Raf) ,hypoxia inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α) ,connective tissue growth factor (CTGF),extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase(ERK1),ERK2 ,MAPK/ERK kinase(MEK), interleukin-1(IL-1) ,tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) ,vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) , tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) ,nerve growth factor (NGF)and its receptors was significantly downregulated(P<0.01) ,while expression of leptin and its receptors was upregulated in elderly patients with acute ischemic cerebral stroke ( P < 0.01 ). Expression levels of the above downregulated proteins clearly recovered after Edaravone treatment ( P < 0.01 ). Conclusions Edaravone has favorable effects on cognition dysfunction in elderly patients with acute ischemic cerebral stroke ,which may be related to the regulation of the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1130-1133, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700690

ABSTRACT

Since the establishment of eight-year clinical medicine specialty, in line with the princi-ple of "eight-year consistency and fusion of the bachelor and doctor degree", the training mode of "strength-ening the foundation, focusing on quality, overall optimization, facing the clinical" has been implemented. In order to reach the standard of professional doctorate, a series of courses of professional doctorate need to be fused in limited time and designed carefully by medical schools. However, grasping proper teaching time and opportunity is particularly important for students' learning and development. By collecting the courses information of 11 medical colleges and universities offering eight-year clinical medicine specialty, we have analyzed the teaching time, methods and course categories of scientific research training courses and graduate degree courses, aiming to find the appropriate teaching program.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 782-785, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700618

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of WPBL teaching method in microbiologicla test teach-ing. Method A total of 120 students majoring in clinical laboratory medicine were divided into the experi-mental group (WPBL teaching) and the control group (the traditional teaching) with 60 in each group in 2015. Results Questionnaire survey showed that in the experimental group, 92.6%of the students believe that WPBL teaching method can stimulate learning interest and promote student self-directed learning, 97.3% believe that WPBL teaching method can improve the ability to analyze and solve problems, 94.7%believe that WPBL teaching method can strengthen teamwork and promote learning exchanges, and 99.6%hold that WPBL teaching method can help them recognize the importance of microbiological tests in the di-agnosis of clinical infectious diseases. The final scores and the usual performance of the experimental group were (75.23 ±11.21) and (24.15 ±1.71), respectively, while those of the control group were (63.42 ±8.21) and (20.26±1.48), respectively. The differences were statistically significant (P<0.005). Conclusions PBL teaching method can fully integrate teaching resources, stimulate students' enthusiasm and initiative, improve students' comprehensive qualities, including the ability to analyze and solve problems, teamwork ability and critical thinking ability, and improve the quality and effect of microbiological test teaching.

18.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 782-786, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697696

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical efficacy of respiratory allergic diseases in children treated by nasal atomization of budesonide combined with 3% hypertonic saline. Methods Children diagnosed as upper air-way cough syndrome or mild to moderate asthma without being controlled by anti-asthma treatment were included in the study.They contracted with complications of nasal congestion and/or running noseand other symptoms,and na-sal CT confirmed the nasal lesions.Thirty children undergoing conventional treatment(conventional drug therapy+keeping away from allergen)were defined as the control group. 89 children treated with nasal spray therapy(con-ventional drug therapy + keeping away from allergen + nasal spray treatment)were defined as the therapy group. The treatment group was subdivided into IgE-mediated group and non-IgE-mediated group according to IgE level. The treatment course was 7 days.The clinical symptoms score,nasal symptom visual scale(VAS),peak expirato-ry flow(PEF)index were observed and analyzed. Results The clinical symptom score and nasal VAS showed a decreasing trend and the percentage of PEF showed an increasing trend in the two groups within 1 week after treat-ment.The clinical symptom score and nasal VAS score of the treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control group,while the PEF%value was significantly higher.The difference in treatment method was interact-ed with the treatment time(P<0.05).The percentage of PEF in the non-IgE-mediated group was significantly high-er than that of IgE-mediated group 1 week after treatment(P < 0.05). Conclusion The nasal atomization of budesonide combined with hypertonic saline in the treatment of children with respiratory allergic diseases is effec-tive and of a good clinical value.

19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 198-205, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687645

ABSTRACT

The central aim of this experiment was to compare the articulatory and acoustic characteristics of students with normal hearing (NH) and school aged children with hearing loss (HL), and to explore the articulatory-acoustic relations during the nasal finals. Fourteen HL and 10 control group were enrolled in this study, and the data of 4 HL students were removed because of their high pronunciation error rate. Data were collected using an electromagnetic articulography. The acoustic data and kinematics data of nasal finals were extracted by the phonetics and data processing software, and all data were analyzed by test and correlation analysis. The paper shows that, the difference was statistically significant ( <0.05 or <0.01) in different vowels under the first two formant frequencies (F1, F2), the tongue position and the articulatory-acoustic relations between HL and NH group. The HL group's vertical movement data-F1 relations in /en/ and /eng/ are same as NH group. The conclusion of this study about participants with HL can provide support for speech healing training at increasing pronunciation accuracy in HL participants.

20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 217-220, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808269

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the peak time and peak area of elements in cadmium telluride quantum dots (CdTe QDs) using size exclusion chromatography-high-performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, as well as the biological stability of CdTe QDs in vivo and in vitro.@*Methods@#Transmission electron microscope and ultraviolet fluorescence were used for characterization and synthesis of water-soluble CdTe QDs, and CdTe QDs were added to double-distilled water, mobile phase, or bovine serum medium to observe the change in stability after different periods of time. CdTe QDs were injected into the vein of mice, and the changes in the morphology of CdTe QDs in serum and the liver were measured at 1, 24, and 72 hours after exposure. Size exclusion chromatography-high-performance liquid chromatography was used for the elution of the compounds in the solution based on their volume, and then inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was performed for the eluent. The flow time of 114Cd and 130Te and molar ratio were used for qualitative analysis of CdTe QDs, and the peak area was used to judge whether CdTe QDs were degraded.@*Results@#CdTe QDs were diluted to a concentration of 0.5 mmol/L with double-distilled water and then placed in a dark place at room temperature; CdTe QDs were completely degraded after 60 minutes. CdTe QDs were diluted to a concentration of 0.005 mmol/L with a mobile phase, and the peak of CdTe QDs was not detected. After CdTe QDs were placed in a dark place at room temperature for 48 hours at a concentration of 0.005 mmol/L in bovine serum mediumin vitro, the peak area of 114Cd was 6179841-7346084, and the peak area of 130Te was 1077913-1191066. CdTe QDs had the highest peak area at 1 hour after exposure, and the peak areas of 114Cd and 130Te were 18183894 and 25187987, respectively. CdTe QDs were quickly degraded in the liver; at 1 hour after exposure, the degradation products of CdTe QDs containing Cd were observed in liver tissue homogenate, and CdTe QDs were largely degradedat 24 hours.@*Conclusion@#This method can be used to investigate the biological stability of CdTe QDs. CdTe QDs are degraded in the liver and produce Cd2+, which may cause toxic reaction.

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