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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934099

ABSTRACT

To investigate the efficacy and safety of modified endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy (ERAT) in children with acute uncomplicated appendicitis complicated with intussusception. Data of 6 patients with acute uncomplicated appendicitis complicated with intussusception who received modified ERAT were collected from October 2018 to February 2020 in Pediatrics Department of Tangdu Hospital. The reduction rate of intussusception, the success rate of ERAT appendiceal intubation and endoscopic treatment, the remission time of clinical symptoms, the time of white blood cells return to normal, the length of hospital stay, complications and recurrence were summarized. All the 6 patients were confirmed to be acute uncomplicated appendicitis combined with ileocecal intussusceptions under colonoscopy. Endoscopic intussusception reduction and ERAT were performed successfully. The mean time of disappearance of abdominal tenderness was 1.3 days after the therapy, and the time of white blood cells return to normal was 1 day after surgery. The endoscopic treatment were all successful and the length of hospital stay was 3-6 days. No complications or recurrence of intussusception and appendicitis occurred during the follow-up period of 6-12 months. Modified ERAT can effectively, safely and minimally invitingly treat acute uncomplicated appendicitis with intussusception in children on the basis of definite diagnosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928614

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical efficacy of ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy in children with appendix-related chronic abdominal pain.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 30 children with the chief complaint of chronic abdominal pain who were admitted from August 2019 to May 2021. All the children were found to have inflammation of the appendix or intracavitary stool and fecalith by ultrasound and underwent ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy. The medical data for analysis included clinical manifestations, endoscopic findings, white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, length of hospital stay, and cure rate.@*RESULTS@#Among the 30 children with chronic abdominal pain, there were 13 boys (43%) and 17 girls (57%), with a mean age of (9±3) years (range 3-15 years) at diagnosis. The median duration of the disease was 12 months, and the median length of hospital stay was 3 days. The children had a median white blood cell count of 6.7×109/L and a neutrophil percentage of 50%±13%. Fecalith and a large amount of feces were flushed out of the appendix cavity for 21 children (70%) during surgery. The follow-up rate was 97% (29/30), and the median follow-up time was 11 months (range 5-26 months). Of the 29 children, abdominal pain completely disappeared in 27 children (93%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy is effective in children with chronic abdominal pain caused by feces or fecalith in the appendix cavity.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain/etiology , Adolescent , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendix/surgery , Child , Child, Preschool , Fecal Impaction , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Interventional
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 392-398, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922919

ABSTRACT

Numerous in vitro studies have shown that most pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are hepatotoxic after being metabolically activated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4. However, the key role of CYP3A4 has not been confirmed in vivo. Therefore, the CYP3A4 chemical inhibitor ritonavir was employed in this work and the effect of ritonavir on Gynura japonica-induced liver injury in rats was investigated. All experiments were approved by the Animal Research Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Animal welfare and the animal experimental protocols were strictly consistent with related ethics regulations of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Acute liver injury was induced by a single gavage of Gynura japonica extracts (GJE, 8 g·kg-1); rats in the protection group were gavaged with ritonavir (RIT, 30 mg·kg-1) 1 h before GJE treatment. The results show that RIT could significantly attenuate GJE-induced liver injury in rats. Rats in the protection group showed decreased serum activities for alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, as well as lower total bile acids. In addition, the infiltration of inflammatory cells, sinusoidal hemorrhage, and hepatic necrosis in GJE-treated rats were markedly attenuated in the protection group. The content of pyrrole-protein adducts (PPAs), a recommended biomarker for PA-induced hepatotoxicity in clinics, was determined at 10 min to 24 h after GJE treatment. The content of 13 bile acids was also quantified. RIT treatment reduced the content of PPAs in serum dramatically and restored the impaired bile acid homeostasis caused by GJE. These studies indicate that RIT attenuated Gynura japonica-induced liver injury in rats, which was closely related to the inhibition of the metabolic activation of PAs and the regulation of bile acid metabolism. These results provide a better understanding of the relationship between CYP3A4 and PA-induced toxicity. This work will also be helpful in developing effective treatments for PA-induced liver injury and making a reasonable evaluation of the safety of drugs containing PAs in clinic.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a mice model of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS), and to analyze the changes in intestinal inflammation and macrophage subsets at different stages, so as to find a new target for the treatment of IBD.Methods:Thirty male C57BL/6 mice of 6-8 weeks were randomly divided into control group, activation stage group and resolution stage group.The latter 2 groups were given 25 g/L DSS for 5 consecutive days to establish the IBD model.After 5 days, the mice were given filtered and sterilized water and sacrificed on the 10 th and 15 th day, respectively.Colon inflammation in mice was evaluated, including body weight, disease activity index (DAI) score, changes in colon length, histopathology and histopathological score.Then the expression levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β in colon tissues were detected by quantitative real-time PCR(qPCR). Finally, the changes of intestinal macrophage subsets were detected by flow cytometry. Results:The colon inflammation of mice in the activation stage group was significantly more severe than that in the control group, while the colon inflammation of mice in the resolution stage group was reduced.The colon length of mice in the activation stage group was (5.94±0.40) cm, which was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(7.25±0.29) cm], and the situation was slightly improved in the resolution stage with the colon length of [(6.87±0.95) cm], and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the activation stage were 53.40±6.58, 117.69±30.78 and 2.52±0.25, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group (1.00±0.13, 1.00±0.39, 1.00±0.10); the mRNA expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the resolution stage were 2.51±0.13, 5.43±0.51 and 1.73±0.14, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the activation stages(all P<0.05). The expression level of anti-inflammatory cytokine TGF-β in the resolution stage was 2.41±0.17, which was significantly higher than that in the activation stage (0.94±0.12), and the diffe-rence was statistically significant ( P<0.05). During the progression of IBD, there were 3 groups of macrophages in the lamina propria of intestinal mucosa of mice, of which the number of F4/80 lowCD 64-MHCⅡ - macrophage subset with the lowest maturity increased significantly in the activation stage of IBD, accounting for (10.68±4.62)%, and it decreased and returned to the normal level in the resolution stage, accounting for (4.63±1.06)%, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Macrophages play an important role in the progression of IBD, the hindrance of maturation and development may be the main cause of inflammatory injury in the activation stage of IBD, and the transformation of macrophage subsets may become a new target for the treatment of IBD.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882915

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy in children with uncomplicated appendicitis.Methods:This study was a single center, retrospective study, including all electronic cases of appendicitis diagnosed clinically in Department of Pediatrics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from October 2018 to October 2020 and received ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy.The clinical features, treatment and prognosis of the children were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 152 electronic cases were included, there were 77 males and 75 females, aged(6.84±3.09) years.All the 152 children were treated with ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy.Intubation success rate and clinical success rate was 98.03%(149/152 cases)and 97.99%(146/149 cases), respectively.The median time of endoscopic therapy was 42.50 (31.00, 56.00) minutes.Mean postoperative hospital stay was (2.81 ±1.41) days, and the mean total hospital stay was (4.19 ±1.71) days.A total of 139 patients were followed up with a median follow-up time of 5 (1, 26) months.During the follow-up, the recurrence rate was 7.19%(10/139 cases), and the median time of recurrence was 2 (1, 3) months.Conclusions:Ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy had high effective rate and low recurrence rate in children with uncomplicated appendicitis, preserved the physiological function of appendix and avoided radiation damage.It can be used as a safe and effective treatment for acute and chronic uncomplicated appendicitis in children.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 473-477, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815839

ABSTRACT

Recently, hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) induced by misuse of Gynura japonica has increased and gained global attention. Large amounts of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are present in G. japonica; these PAs are metabolically activated to generate pyrrole-protein adducts (PPAs). In this study, male SD rats were treated orally with a single dose of G. japonica extract (GJE) at 0.062 5, 0.25, 0.5, 1, and 2 g·kg-1. Blood was collected from the orbital venous plexus at 2, 12, 24 and 48 h, and at 48 h after treatment the rats were anesthetized with isoflurane and livers were collected for hematoxylin & eosin staining. The kinetics of PPAs at different doses were studied at 10, 20, 30 min, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, 24 h, and 48 h, after a single gavage of GJE. The experimental scheme was approved by the ethics committee of animal experiments of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (PZSHUTCM190912019). The concentration of PPAs in serum was determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Kinetic data were processed by using the non-compartmental pharmacokinetics data analysis software program PK solutions 2™. The results demonstrate that the concentration of PPAs increased with the dose of GJE and positively correlated with the severity of liver injury. The elimination rate of PPAs in rats was significantly prolonged at higher doses. The level of PPAs and their clearance rate may serve as useful references for the detoxification of PAs-induced injuries.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a congenital chloride diarrhea (CCD)-associated SLC26A3 c.392C>G (p.P131R) polymorphism-expressing cell model, and to investigate its biological function.@*METHODS@#The sequence of the SLC26A3 gene in GenBank was used to design the upstream and downstream single-guide RNA (sgRNA) that could specifically recognize the 392 locus of the SLC26A3 gene, and the sgRNA was mixed with the pSpCas9-puro vector after enzyme digestion to construct an eukaryotic recombinant expression plasmid (pSpCas9-SLC26A3). Caco-2 cells were transfected with the recombinant plasmid and synthesized single-stranded DNA oligonucleotides (ssODNs), and Taqman genotyping assay and Sanger sequencing were used to identify the expression of SLC26A3 c.392C>G (p.P131R) in Caco-2 cells. Wild-type Caco-2 cells were selected as normal control group and the Caco-2 cells with successful expression of SLC26A3 c.392C>G (p.P131R) was selected as P131R group. Both groups were treated with 100 ng/mL tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and then the normal control group was named as TNF-α group, and the P131R group was named as TNF-α+P131R group. Electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) assay was used to evaluate the change in the monolayer barrier function of intestinal epithelial cells in the above four groups, and Western blot was used to measure the change in the expression of SLC26A3 protein in the normal control group and the P131R group.@*RESULTS@#The eukaryotic recombinant expression plasmid (pSpCas9-SLC26A3) was successfully constructed. Both Taqman genotyping assay and Sanger sequencing confirmed the successful establishment of the Caco-2 cell model of SLC26A3 c.392C>G (p.P131R) expression. ECIS assay showed that compared with the normal control group, the P131R group had a significant increase in the monolayer permeability of intestinal epithelial cells (PG (p.P131R) can reduce the expression of SLC26A3 protein, increase the monolayer permeability of intestinal epithelial cells, and thus lead to diarrhea.


Subject(s)
Caco-2 Cells , Chloride-Bicarbonate Antiporters , Genetics , Diarrhea , Genetics , Humans , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Sulfate Transporters , Genetics , Tight Junctions , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743500

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of antibiotic-induced microbiota dysbiosis on colonic barrier and immune response in juvenile mice.Methods Twenty Balb/c mice were randomly divided into experimental group and control group.Broad spectrum antibiotic mixture were administered by means of gavage to the experimental group every 12 hours for 14 days to induce intestinal microbiota dysbiosis.The mice of control group were given an equal amount of physiological saline.On the 15th day,all mice were intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide(LPS) to induce intestinal inflammatory reaction.The structure of intestinal flora was analyzed by way of 16SrRNA sequencing,and the morphology of colonic mucosa was observed by means of HE staining.The infiltration of colonic mucosa was observed through toluidine blue staining and immunohistochemistry.The levels of inflammatory cytokines in colon tissue were measured by real-time PCR and intestinal permeability-related parameters were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results The intestinal microbial composition of the experimental group was significantly changed,and the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β,IL-6,IL-8,IL-10,tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α mRNA in the antibiotic group (0.765 ± 0.062,0.082 ± 0.040,0.442 ± 0.059,0.469 ±0.079,0.736 ± 0.063) were all lower than those in the control group (1.738 ± 0.243,1.090 ± 0.104,1.151 ±0.136,1.066 ± 0.102,1.539 ± 0.218),and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).The expressions of intestinal barrier related gene of mice ZO-1 and Occludin decreased (0.639 ± 0.071 vs.1.347 ± 0.224,0.770 ±0.067 vs.1.487 ± 0.148) but the level of fecal albumin increased [(6.419 ± 0.552) mg/L vs.(6.079 ± 0.011) mg/L] after antibiotic exposure,and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).Conclusions Antibiotic exposure leads to changes of enteric microbiota,which adversely affects local mucosal immunity and intestinal barrier function of colon in juvenile mice.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801523

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze and discuss the social factors and clinical characteristics of oral poisoning in children, so as to provide reference for preventing and treating children poisoning.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 173 pediatric patients with oral poisoning diagnosed and treated in Department of Pediatrics, the Fourth Military Medical University in Tangdu Hospital from January to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#Pesticide and insecticide poisoning topped the list(68 cases, 39.31%)and the clinical manifestations of different poisons were varied.Geographically, the urban and rural distribution was mainly rural(118 cases, 68.21%), among which 103 cases(87.29%)were left-behind children in rural areas.Within one year, the number of urban children fluctuated slightly, with a small peak in March and the number of rural children fluctuated greatly, with a large peak in July.In addition, urban children were mainly poisoned by oral internal medicine(34 cases, 61.82%), while rural children were mainly poisoned by oral pesticide and insecticide(64 cases, 54.24%). The gender distribution was mainly male(101 cases, 58.38%), with the highest incidence in early childhood(97 cases, 56.07%). The main reasons for taking poison included children′s misadministration(123 cases, 71.10%), parents′ accidental feeding(24 cases, 13.87%), and elder children′s self-administration due to emotional factors(26 cases, 15.03%). The treatment methods were gastric lavage, emetic stimulation and enema according to the type and time of poisoning of administration, and timely use of specific antidote and symptomatic treatment was also the key to treatment.@*Conclusion@#The situation is more serious in rural areas of oral poisoning in children, especially for left-behind children in rural areas, who are at the highest incidence in early childhood.Oral pesticides, insecticides and oral drugs are the most prominent, and misadministration is the main reason.Family poison management should be strengthened for prevention, and treatment should vary according to the type and time of taking poison.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297224

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the change in the expression of tight junction protein ZO-1 in intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2 cells) and the protective effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) after adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (E.coli) LF82 infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The Caco-2 cell line was used to establish an in vitro model of tight junction of intestinal epithelial cells. Caco-2 cells were divided into EPA treatment groups (0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 μmol/L EPA) and EPA (0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 μmol/L EPA)+E.coli LF82 treatment (0, 6, and 12 hours) groups. A microscope was used to observe the morphological characteristics of the cells. MTT assay was used to determine the cell growth curve. The activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) at both sides of the cell membrane was compared to evaluate the Caco-2 cell model. MTT assay and flow cytometry were used to investigate the effects of different concentrations of EPA on the survival rate and apoptosis rate of Caco-2 cells. RT-qPCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of ZO-1 in Caco-2 cells after EPA and/or E.coli LF82 treatment. ELISA was used to measure the change in the level of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in culture supernatant.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After EPA treatment (25 and 50 μmol/L), the proliferation of Caco-2 cells was induced in a dose-dependent manner. The survival rates of the cells were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The EPA treatment (100 and 200 μmol/L) groups had a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of Caco-2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The survival rates of the cells were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The EPA treatment (100 and 200 μmol/L) groups had a significant increase in cell apoptosis rate compared with the control group (P<0.05). The 6- and 12-hour E.coli LF82 treatment groups had decreasing mRNA expression of ZO-1 in Caco-2 cells over the time of treatment and had significantly lower mRNA expression of ZO-1 than the untreated group (P<0.05). The Caco-2 cells treated with E.coli LF82 and 25 or 50 μmol/L EPA for 6 or 12 hours showed an increase in the mRNA expression of ZO-1 with the increasing concentration of EPA, as well as significantly higher mRNA expression of ZO-1 than the Caco-2 cells treated with E.coli LF82 alone (P<0.05). The Caco-2 cells treated with E.coli LF82 alone for 6 or 12 hours had increasing secretion of TNF-α over the time of treatment and had significantly higher secretion than the untreated Caco-2 cells (P<0.05). The Caco-2 cells treated with E.coli LF82 and 25 or 50 μmol/L EPA for 6 or 12 hours showed a reduction in the secretion of TNF-α with the increasing concentration of EPA and had significantly lower secretion than the Caco-2 cells treated with E.coli LF82 alone (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EPA can effectively prevent the destruction of tight junction of intestinal epithelial cells induced by E.coli LF82 infection and inhibit the secretion of inflammatory factors. Therefore, it has a certain protective effect on intestinal mucosal barrier.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caco-2 Cells , Eicosapentaenoic Acid , Pharmacology , Escherichia coli , Virulence , Humans , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Microbiology , RNA, Messenger , Tight Junctions , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Bodily Secretions , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein , Genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608490

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between cow's milk protein allergy(CMPA)and gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)and the prognosis of GERD combined with CMPA.Methods Fifty patients(24 boys and 26 girls)with GERD were enrolled in this study from January 2015 to June 2016 at Department of Pediatrics,Tangdu Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University.All children were treated with serum milk protein soluble IgE(sIgE)and milk protein avoidance test,and those with positive results of children's milk protein by provocation test and those with milk serum protein sIgE negative by milk protein provocation tests were diagnosed as CMPA children with GERD according to the CMPA diagnostic criteria and received diet therapy for 1 month and then their blood eosinophil ratio and 24-hour esophageal pH were monitored.Results Twenty-three cases(46%)of 50 children with GERD were diagnosed as CMPA.There was significant difference in clinical symptoms between GERD group and GERD combined with CMPA group(x2=22.78,P0.05).For children with GERD combined with CMPA,the patients received dietary treatment for 1 month.There was significant improvement in vomiting,runny nose/wheezing/cough and diarrhea(P0.05).The proportions of blood eosinophils were decreased after treatment compared with those before treatment [(2.7±1.8)%vs.(8.2±2.7)%,t=10.006,P<0.01].The results of 5 children's 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring showed that the reflux index and the number of acid GERD episodes were lower than before,and the difference was all statistically significant before and after(all P<0.05).Conclusions The occurrence of GERD in infants is partly related to CMPA,and the treatment of CMPA can relieve the clinical symptoms of GERD.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 200-204, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808252

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the composition of the gastrointestinal bacterial flora of mouse embryos and the placenta tissue bacterial flora.@*Method@#Twenty-four specimens were collected from pregnant Kunming mouse including 8 mice of early embryonic (12-13 days) gastrointestinal tissues, 8 cases of late embryonic (19-20 days)gastrointestinal tissues, 8 of late pregnancy placental tissues.The 24 samples were extracted by DNeasy Blood & Tissue kit for high-throughput DNA sequencing.@*Result@#The level of Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Actino-bacteria and Firmicutes were predominantin all specimens.The relative content of predominant bacterial phyla in each group: Proteobacteria (95.00%, 88.14%, 87.26%), Bacteroidetes(1.71%, 2.15%, 2.63%), Actino-Bacteria(1.16%, 4.10%, 3.38%), Firmicutes(0.75%, 2.62%, 2.01%). At the level of family, there were nine predominant bacterial families in which Enterobacteriaeae, Shewanel laceae and Moraxellaceae were dominant.The relative content of dominant bacterial family in eachgroup: Enterobacteriaeae (46.99%, 44.34%, 41.08%), Shewanellaceae (21.99%, 21.10%, 19.05%), Moraxellaceae(9.18%, 7.09%, 5.64%). From the species of flora, the flora from fetal gastrointestinal in early pregnancy and late pregnancy (65.44% and 62.73%) were the same as that from placenta tissue in the late pregnancy.From the abundance of bacteria, at the level of family, the same content of bacteria in three groups accounted for 78.16%, 72.53% and 65.78% respectively.@*Conclusion@#It was proved that the gastrointestinal bacterial flora of mouse embryos and the placenta tissue bacterial flora were colonized. At the same time the bacteria are classified.

13.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4975-4978, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614915

ABSTRACT

Chronic pain is a common clinical disease,which brings great burden to the patients.However,the pathogenesis underlying of chronic pain is complicated,which is affected by many factors,such as physiology,psychology and society.Therefore,the treatment of chronic pain has been a problem in clinical practice.Considering its complexity,a single way of treatment usually could not reach satisfactory results,so combination therapy is often used to treat chronic pain at present.The combination therapy includes pharmacological treatment,psychological approaches,interventional treatment,self management and so on.The treatment plans are distinct for different types of chronic pain,even the individual patients with the same kind of pain.The emergence of interdisciplinary rehabilitation programs shed light upon the treatment of chronic pain recent years.This paper reviewed the research on chronic pain treatment,in order to provide theoretical basis for clinical practice.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504388

ABSTRACT

A hugh performance luquud chromatographuc ( HPLC) method was extablushed for determunatuon of the content of 7 polycycluc aromatuc hydrocarbons ( PAHs) un soul and earthworm samples based on accelerated solvent extractuon ( ASE) for extractuon and solud phase extractuon ( SPE) column for sample purufucatuon. In thus method, the samples were furst extracted by the muxed solutuon of n-hexane and acetone extractuon (4∶1, V/V) , and then purufued by SPE column ( suluca gel column for soul sample purufucatuon and Al2 O3-suluca gel column for earthworm sample purufucatuon ) , eluted by 10 mL of elutuon of n-hexane and duchloromethane (9∶1, V/V), and evaporated to dryness wuth rotary evaporator. After that, the pretreated samples were re-dussolved wuth acetonutrule to a constant volume, followed by a fultratuon wuth a 0. 22-μm organuc fulter membrane for the quantufucatuon by HPLC. The recoverues of the method for 7 PAHs were 83. 5%-110. 2% un soul samples and 81. 2%-97. 1% un earthworm samples. The detectuon lumuts of the method for 7 PAHs were 0. 15-0. 85 μg/kg. The method had good reproducubuluty and met the qualuty control requurements of sample analysus.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489747

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the young rabbit models with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and observe the effect of erythromycin in different parts of muscle segment (fundus ventriculi and lower esophageal),so as to investigate the variation after destroying the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC).Methods Forty young rabbits of 8 weeks old were randomly divided into control group(n =20) and experimental group(n =20).In the experimental group,the fun dus ventriculus was partly ligated combined with helicobacter restriction at a level near the pylorus to establish GER young rabbit models.In the control group,the fundus ventriculi and pylorus were dissociated then the abdomen was closed.Four weeks later,10 rabbits from the experimental group and 10 rabbits from the control group were taken,2 lower esophageal segments and 2 fundus ventriculi muscle segments were split in each animal,and the ICC were destroyed at 1 lower esophageal segment and 1 fundus ventriculi muscle segment.The amplitude and frequency of lower esophageal and fundus ventriculi muscle segments were measured by using electrophysiology in vitro.Results (1) After 4 weeks of operation,the GER young rabbit models were successfully established.The data were detected by esophageal pH monitoring,general morphology observation and HE stain.Immunohistochemical staining of specific receptors protein c-kit on ICC showed that the ICC in the experimental group was reduced remarkably,and the morphological characteristics changed.(2) In the control group,the frequency and amplitude of lower esophageal muscle segments were (2.60 ± 0.70) times/min and (3.03 ± 0.59) g,the frequency and amplitude of fundus ventriculi muscle segments were (3.50 ± 0.97) times/min and (5.33 ± 1.09) g;in the experimental group,the frequency and amplitude of lower esophageal muscle segments were reduced to (0.29 ± 0.49)times/min and (0.61 ±0.43) g;the frequency of fundus ventriculi muscle segmens in the experimental group turned to (0.43 ± 0.54) times/min and the amplitude was (1.13 ± 0.41) g,and there were statistically differences compared with those of the control group (t =9.86,8.15,8.29,12.55,all P < 0.05).(3) The influence of erythromycin in the lower esophageal and fundus ventriculi muscle segments:the amplitude after injecting erythromycin of lower esophageal muscle segments in the experimental group was (1.16 ± 0.83) g,the amplitude was significantly different (t =2.35,P < 0.05),while the frequency had no relevance (P >0.05);the amplitude of fundus ventriculi muscle segments in the experimental group was (4.20 ± 1.14) g,and the difference was statistically significant(t =4.76,P < 0.05),and there was no statistically more differences in the frequency (P > 0.05).In the control group,the frequency and amplitude of lower esophageal muscle segments were (4.50 ±0.84)times/min and (5.13 ± 0.94) g,the frequency and amplitude of fundus ventriculi muscle segments increased to(5.40 ± 1.43) times/min and(7.50 ± 1.28) g,and the differences were statistically significant (t =3.79,5.78,3.06,6.45,all P < 0.05).(4) The contraction activity of muscle segments after adding the erythromycin was prevented in the lower esophageal muscle segments or fundus ventriculi muscle segmens.Conclusions ICC plays an important role in the animal models of GER;erythromycin promotes the motility of the muscle segments in GER young rabbit models;in the sick models,erythromycin accelerates the gastrointestinal motility via ICC on muscle segments.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454248

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the injury effects and mechanisms of circulating histones on the hepatocytes in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV )-related liver failure (HBV-LF) .Methods Serum samples from patients with HBV-LF were collected . The levels of serum histone H3 , histone H4 , prothrombin activity (PTA ) ,total bilirubin (TBil) ,creatinine (Cr) and international normalized ratio (INR) of the patients were measured .Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score was calculated in the patients .The serum levels of histones were compared between patients and the healthy volunteers . The correlation of histones with the MELD score and PTA was analyzed .The human liver cell line L-02 cells were cultured and treated with the serum of patients or L-02 cellular lysate supernatant preincubated with or without anti-histone H3 and H4 antibodies .The cellular morphology and rate of apoptosis were observed .Intracellular calcium ion concentration and Caspase-3 activity were detected in the cultured L-02 cells treated with histones .Mean of two independent samples was compared using t tests .Relationship between histones and the MELD score or PTA was conducted using Spearman correlation analysis .Results The levels of serum histones in the patients with HBV-LF were much higher than those in the healthy volunteers (H3 :[5 390 .3 ± 1 032 .0] μg/mL vs [42 .7 ± 12 .8] μg/mL , t = 32 .76 , P < 0 .01 ; H4 :[4 205 .1 ± 662 .3] μg/mL vs [40 .3 ± 14 .6] μg/mL ,t = 39 .74 , P< 0 .01) .In addition ,serum histones (H3/H4) levels in patients were negatively correlated with serum PTA (r= - 0 .325 ,P= 0 .038 and r =- 0 .572 ,P= 0 .028 ,respectively) ,but positively correlated with the MELD score (r= 0 .359 ,P= 0 .021 and r = 0 .568 , P = 0 .007 , respectively ) . Both serum of patients with HBV-LF and L-02 lysate supernatant were toxic to cultured L-02 cells .The injury effect was inhibited by anti-histone antibodies ([9 .3 ± 1 .5]% vs [14 .3 ± 0 .6]% , t = 4 .259 , P= 0 .02) .L-02 cells treated with calf thymus histone were cultured for 4 h . Cellular toxicity of histones resulted in Caspase-3 activation . The effect was inhibited by anti-histone antibodies ([3 .5 ± 0 .5]% vs [5 .2 ± 0 .6]% ,t= 4 .243 ,P= 0 .02) .Conclusion The elevated circulating histones in the patients with HBV-LF may aggravate the liver damage .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732975

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe ultrastructure of the morphological relationship between neuron and astrocytes in hippocampi of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-kindled epileptic rats,and to investigate the communicative ways between them.Methods Epilepsy models of 10 kindled rats established by intraperitoneal injection of PTZ[i.p.,35 mg/(kg · d)],assigned as kindled group.Five rats received 9 g/L saline as control group.Three days after being kindled,the ultrastructural relationship between neurons and the astrocytes was observed with transmission electron microscope and Cx43 labelling immuno-electron microscopy.Results 1.Synapses increased in hippocampi of PTZ-kindled epileptic rats.2.Gap junctions were observed between astrocytes and neurons.3.Astrocytic process extended into the synaptic cleft between pre-synaptic and post-synaptic membranes which formed the synaptic complex.4.The Cx43-hemichannels existed between astrocytes and neurons.Conclusions In hippocampi of PTZ-kindled epileptic rats,ultrastructure of morphological relationship between neurons and astrocytes includes synaptic complex,gap junctions and hemichannels,which might be communicative forms between neurons and astrocytes.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2235-2237, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244381

ABSTRACT

A 16-year-old female patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented with abdominal pain and oliguria, after one month of hospital treatment with methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed the calcification of bilateral superior segmental ureteral wall. Computed tomography urography revealed stenosis of bilateral ureters. This calcification may be associated with lupus-induced inflammatory reaction of ureteral endomembrane. By receiving the ureteral catheters, her abdominal pain and oliguria had been completely resolved. After discharge, she underwent the surgery of cutaneous ureterostomy in the local hospital. During two years follow-up, her condition is stable without any symptom of the urinary system.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Calcinosis , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Ureter , Pathology
19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 255-260, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286119

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To look for the evidences of motilin receptor expression on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) of the rabbit.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Smooth muscle segments with ICC were isolated from the small intestine of 10-day old rabbits. The tissue segments equilibrated in Ca(2+)-free Hanks' solution were dispersed with an enzyme solution containing collagenase type II and then Ficoll density centrifugation was used to dissociate ICC. The cells were suspended and cultured in the M199 medium. The c-kit antibody was applied to distinguish the cultured ICC. The motilin receptor was identified by immunocytochemical assay with GPR38 antibody, c-kit antibody and hoechst 33342 combined to label ICC. Cells cultured for a few days were sorted for ICC with c-kit stained green fluorescent through flow cytometry. The total RNA and proteins extracted from the sorted ICC were respectively used to verify motilin receptor on the ICC by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>We had successfully dissociated and cultured ICC of rabbit small intestine in vitro. Fluorescent staining with c-kit antibody confirmed that the culture ICC was successful. Triple-labeled immunofluorescent staining had detected the motilin receptor on membrane of ICC. Flow cytometry analysis showed that the ratio of c-kit positive cell in the cultured cells was 64.3%. The number of sorted ICC was 6.7 × 10(5) and 5.6 × 10(6). The results of RT-PCR and Western blot confirmed that the ICC had motilin receptor expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our study demonstrated presence of motilin receptor on ICC of the rabbit. The present results may suggest that ICC play an important role in gastrointestinal movement induced by motilin.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Metabolism , Intestine, Small , Cell Biology , Rabbits , Receptors, Gastrointestinal Hormone , Metabolism , Receptors, Neuropeptide , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423284

ABSTRACT

Master of biomedical engineering degree is necessary for students to adapt to the trend of social and scientific development.Based on the social demands,staff working at academy of biomedical engineering department in Wuhan University create the master course and modify teaching methods,in order to integrate positive factors into our master of biomedical engineering course.These new teaching methods are implemented through entire course,which aims to improve students' abilities of critical thinking,creativity and operation.We also explore the new teaching methods to enabte students to be qualified with biomedical engineering work in the future.

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