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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of total flavonoids from Baeckea frutescens on the proliferation, migration, invasion, apoptosis and cell morphology changes of cervical cancer SiHa cells.Methods:Cervical cancer SiHa cells were treated with different concentrations of total flavonoids from Baeckea frutescens. CCK8 method was used to detect the proliferation and 50% inhibiting concentration (IC 50) of SiHa cells in vitro. The control group without drug treatment and the experimental group with drug concentration IC 50 were set. Transwell migration and invasion experiments were used to detect the changes of cell migration and invasion ability in vitro in the experimental group and the control group. Laser scanning confocal microscope was adopted for observing the morphological changes of apoptosis in the experimental group and the control group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rates of the experimental group and the control group. Results:Total flavonoids from Baeckea frutescens inhibited the proliferation of cervical cancer SiHa cells in a concentration-dependent manner. After 48 hours of action, the IC 50 value was 110.8 mg/L. In the migration experiment, the number of transmembrane cells in the control group was 644.00±10.54 and the number of transmembrane cells in the experimental group was 266.00±5.57, with a statistically significant difference ( t=54.942, P<0.001). In the invasion experiment, the number of transmembrane cells in the control group was 298.00±14.36, and the number of transmembrane cells in the experimental group was 85.00±8.62, with a statistically significant difference ( t=38.247, P<0.001). Laser scanning confocal microscope observation showed that in the experimental group, the cell membrane crumpled and lost its original morphology, and the nucleus showed typical apoptotic morphologies such as fragments of different sizes and irregular shapes, and nuclear edge aggregation; but no apoptotic cells were observed in the control group. Flow cytometry showed that the apoptosis rate in the control group was (2.95±1.36)%, and the apoptosis rate in the experimental group was (27.54±1.94)%, with a statistically significant difference ( t=-17.949, P<0.001). Conclusion:Total flavonoids from Baeckea frutescens have obvious inhibitory effects on the proliferation, migration and invasion of cervical cancer SiHa cells cultured in vitro, and promote their apoptosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether the presence of complement factor H( CFH) gene polymorphisms is associated with unexplained mild visual loss (UMVL) in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods:A case control study was adopted.The participants included two groups from a previous population-based epidemiology study on type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in the Beixinjing community, Shanghai: UMVL was defined by a best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)<20/25 and≥20/63 in both eyes, with no eye diseases causing visual impairment, such as corneal diseases, cataract, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, optic nerve atrophy, diabetic retinopathy, etc.Genomic DNA was isolated from the peripheral venous blood of all the participants and then loaded onto Fluidigm Digital Arrays.Four CFH gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)(rs800292, rs1061170, rs529825, rs1410996, rs203674) were assessed with the SPSS 13.0 and HAPLoVIEW 4.0 software to test the statistical association of CFH polymorphisms with UMVL.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University(No.2013KY023). All the procedures were conducted according to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki.Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to entering the study cohort. Results:Total of 135 residents with UMVL and 133 with normal vision(BCVA≥20/25 in both eyes) were enrolled.The UMVL group matched the control group in terms of gender, age, onset age, and duration of diabetes mellitus, hemoglobin A1c levels, and body mass index(all at P>0.05). The four SNPs(rs800292, rs1061170, rs529825, rs1410996) except rs203674 tested in the UMVL and control groups were qualified by the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium ( P>0.05). There were no differences in SNPs and genotypes between the two groups in the four loci of the CFH gene.The P value of allele frequencies of rs529825, rs800292, rs1410996 and rs1061170 were 0.79, 0.25, 0.69 and 0.77, respectively, and the P value of genotype frequencies were 0.61, 0.69, 0.87 and 0.43, respectively. Conclusions:There is no correlation between CFH gene polymorphism and UMVL in type 2 diabetic patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865307

ABSTRACT

Ametropic visual impairment has become a public health problem in China and even in the world, especially the prevention and control of myopia development, and the Chinese government attaches great importances to the eye health of school-age children and adolescents.The establishment of visual health archives and the screening of refractive errors are important managements prevention and control.However, there has always been a lack of relevant domestic or international screening specifications, and which may result in screening implementation subject confusion, inconsistent screening indicators and boundary values, unscientific operation methods and feedback in the routine screening work in China.With the push and support of National Health Commission, a recommended national health standard Specification for Screening of Refractive Error in School-age Children and Adolescents (WS/T 663-2019) was officially issued on January 11, 2020 and will be implemented from June 1, 2020, which clarified the technical standardization for the specific requirement, methods, referral recommendation and management during screening of refractive error in school-age children and adolescents.Implementing an effective screening and prevention of ametropic visual impairment in school-age children and adolescents according to the standard is an important task and responsibility of medical and educational institutions.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871809

ABSTRACT

Intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs has gradually become the first-line treatment for diabetic retinopathy (DR). However, diabetic macular edema (DME) caused by DR blood-retinal barrier damage is less sensitive to anti-VEGF drugs.Therefore, it is necessary to find supplementary drugs or alternative drugs that can effectively protect the structure of the blood vessel wall. Melatonin is a hormone mainly secreted by the pineal gland, which can play a number of functions in the human body such as regulating biological rhythms, scavenging free radicals, and anti-inflammatory. In recent years, studies have shown that melatonin can improve neuronal degeneration and protect blood vessel structure through multiple mechanisms in retinopathy. In terms of its protective effect on the retinal capillary structure, melatonin can improve the damage of early DR endothelial cells and pericytes through anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammatory, and inhibiting cell apoptosis so as to protect the integrity of the blood-retinal barrier structure. It suggests that melatonin may provide new ideas for the prevention and treatment of DR, especially with DME.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792104

ABSTRACT

Pathological myopia is one of the most challenging clinical diseases in the field of ophthalmology. The accurate definition, standard classification, disease evolution mechanism and disease prevention and treatment strategies are still under investigation. The development and application of artificial intelligence provides a powerful tool for the analysis of pathological myopia related data. More and more accurate data information is obtained in the clinical work and clinical research of pathological myopia through the standardized collection and acquisition of the fundus image data, the automatic segmentation and quantitative analysis of the fundus physiological structure, the automatic detection and analysis of the pathological myopia classic lesions and the clinical diagnosis and treatment decision aid, which helps ophthalmologists to understand the pathogenesis and evolution of pathological myopia.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746206

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety ofintravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI) compared with photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of Chinese patients with predominantly classic subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) lesions secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).Methods A randomized,double-blind,multi-center phase-3 clinical trial lasting for 52weeks (from December 2011 to August 2014).Subjects were randomized in a 3:1 ratio to either IAI group or PDT-to-IAI group.Subjects in the IAI group received 2 mg IAI at baseline and at week 4,8,16,24,32,40,48,with sham injection at week 28,36.Subjects in the PDT-to-IAI group were forced to receive PDT once at baseline and more time at week 12,24 if PDT retreatment conditions were met.Sham injections were given in PDT-to-IAI group at baseline and at week 4,8,16 and 24,followed by 2 mg IAI at week 28,32,36,40,48.The primary outcome of efficacy were the change in mean Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) from baseline to week 28,and that of week 52.Safety evaluation included the percentage of subjects who suffered treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs).Results Among the 304 subjects enrolled,there were 228 and 76 cases in IAI group and PDT-to-IAI group respectively.At week 28,the changes of mean BCVA in IAI group,PDT-to-IAI group compared to baseline were +14.0,+3.9 letters,respectively.At week 52,the changes of mean BCVA in two groups were + 15.2,+8.9 letters respectively with the difference of +6.2 letters (95%CI 2.6-9.9,P=0.000 9).At week 52,the mean foveal retinal thickness in the two groups decreased by-189.6,-170.0 μm,respectively.Subjects with the most BCVA increase in IAI group were those aged <65,and those with active CNV lesion area <50% of total lesion area.The most common TEAEs in IAI group and PDT-to-IAI group are macular fibrosis [11.8% (27/228),6.6% (5/76)] and BCVA decline [6.6% (15/228),21.1% (16/76)].There were 3 cases of arterial thromboembolic events defined in the antiplatelet experimental collaboration group,but all were considered unrelated to interventions.Conclusions The efficacy of aflibercept is superior to that of PDT in nAMD patients in China.The therapeutic effect of aflibercept persisted to week 52 in all subjects.The rate of adverse events was consistent with the safety data of aflibercept known before.

7.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 475-478, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698045

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical safety and efficacy of percutaneous interventional therapy in pediatric patients with secundum atrial septal defect(ASD).Methods Clinical data of 40 patients(age≤2 years)with secundum atrial septal defect treated in our hospital from February 2014 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 13 males and 27 females in these patients.Ultrasound of heart showed that there were 37 patients with single ASD,3 patients with multiple ASDs.One associated with pulmonary stenosis(PS),and 1 associated with patent ductus arteriosus.There were 6 patients with pulmonary hypertension, and the diameter of ASD was (10.6 ± 2.0) mm. All patients were proved to have secundum atrial septal defect before intervention.In the intervention,the transport system was delivered along the femoral vein,inferior vena cava and right atrium through atrial septal defect to the left atrium,and the occluder was released there. Results Of the 40 patients, 38 cases were successfully implanted, and the other two patients were not satisfied with the location of occlusion.The diameter of the ASD occluder was(12.0±2.1)mm and the transport sheath 7-9 F.Plug2 occluder was implanted in the patient with patent ductus arteriosus.To the patient with PS,pulmonary valve balloon angioplasty was performed,and then the pressure gradient reduced obviously, after that ASD occlusion was performed. The total follow up period was from 2 months to 3 years.No residual shunt and unsatisfactory device position were found during the follow up period.The pulmonary pressure reduced to normal,and the right atrium and right ventricle were smaller in a different degree. All patients had no arrhythmia and other complications.Conclusion Transcatheter closure of ASD is safe,reliable,and has fewer complications.It is worthy of popularization and application.Appropriate occluder should be selected according to the size and edge of ASD to reduce complications,such as residual shunt and valve injury.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711924

ABSTRACT

Diabetic macular edema (DME) is the main cause of visual impairment in diabetic retinopathy patients.It mainly includes focal DME and diffuse DME,while DME of clinical significance needs timely intervention treatment.Optical coherence tomography is currently recognized as the most sensitive method to accurately diagnose DME.Currently,the common treatments of DME include intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or glucocorticoid and laser photocoagulation.Among them,anti-VEGF injection is becoming the first-line therapeutic,and corresponding individual treatment or combined treatment strategy should be selected according to the characteristics of DME and the specific conditions of patients.During the diagnosis and treatment of DME,attention should be paid to the systemic treatment of diabetes and the effect of diabetes-related neuroretinopathy on the therapeutic effect of DME.With the appearance of heterogeneity in the efficacy of anti-VEGF drugs,it remains to be further studied how to choose alternative therapeutics and when to replace them.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711882

ABSTRACT

The mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) belongs to the nuclear receptor superfamily and is expressed in the retina and choroid. MR antagonist (MRA) has a long history of application in non-ophthalmic clinical practice. Various cellular and animal models indicated that inappropriate activation of MR participated in pathological angiogenesis, oxidative stress, inflammation, disturbance of ion/water homeostasis and neurodegenerative changes, while the application of MRA can reduce or reverse these pathological processes. After using MRA in central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients, improved visual function, less subretinal fluid and reduced sub-foveal choroidal thickness were observed. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in MR and plasma aldosterone levels were significantly different between chronic CSC patients and CSC patients with spontaneous remission. Novel formulation for sustained-release MRA and the mechanisms involving inflammation may become the new focus of MR study. This review summarizes the research status of MR and MRA in order to provide a reference for future basic research and clinical treatment.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 566-570, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609092

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlations between the CT features and pathological classifications of gastroentric neuroendocrineneoplasm(GE-NEN) and to evaluate the association between prognostic value and CT features.Methods 45 cases pathologically and immunohistochemically proved GE-NEN were studied retrospectively.The correlation between the CT features (tumor's volume,shape,enhancement patterns and TNM stage) and pathological classifications was analyzed.Meanwhile,the association between the CT features and patients' overall survival was evaluated by Kaplan Meier method using Log-rank test and multivariate analysis in Cox proportional hazard model.Results The CT features were proved to be associated statistically with pathological classifications including the tumor's volume,shape,with or without areas of cystic change,necrosis or ulceration,T stage and lymphadenopathy (P < 0.05).On the other side,the patients' overall survivals were associated with age,pathological classifications,volume of tumors,with or without areas of cystic change,necrosis or ulceration and TNM stage.Age,areas of cystic change,necrosis or ulceration and metastases were the independent prognostic factors.Conclusion Contrast-enhanced CT can be useful in the classification of GE-NEN and predicting the patient's survival.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641170

ABSTRACT

Background Researches showed that elevatory blood glucose level results in long-term damage of cells and tissue,or metabolic memory phenomenon,and manipulation of hyperglycemic memory is a good approach in the prevention of diabetic complications.However,its mechanism is not clear.It is speculated that the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetic patients may be associated to related mechanisms.Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) can decrease the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS),which may be related to DR.Objective This study was to explore the association between DR and the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of UCP genes in Chinese Han population with type 2 diabetes.Methods A cross-sectional study was performed.This study was approved by Ethic Committee of Affiliated First Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University and complied with Declaration of Helsinki,and written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination.One thousand eight hundreds and seventy-five patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were enrolled in Xinjing district of Shanghai city by cluster sampling from November 2014 to January 2015.The demographic and medical baseline characteristics,ocular examination and laboratory tests were obtained and periphery blood of 2 ml was collected for extraction of DNA.Eight tag SNPs of UCP1,three tag SNPs of UCP2,and seven tag SNPs of UCP3 were selected as marker locus for the detection of genotype by Sequenom Mass ARRAY.Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry platform were used for genotyping.Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) analysis,allele and genotype frequencies,haplotype analysis,and association tests for DR and SNPs were performed by SAS and SHEsis software.Results A total of 530 DR patients were checked out from 1 875 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus,with the detection rate of 28.27%.rs660339 locn of UCP2 gene and rs1626521,rs668514 locus of UCP3 gene appeared to have low detectable rates,and the secondary allele base frequency of rs632862 in UCP2 gene was <0.01 and rs15763 of UCP3 gene was unmatched with HWE,therefore,these locus analysis was not included.In 13 SNPs locus included in the analysis,only 2 SNPs of UCP1 gene were related to DR.Compared with the non-diabetic retinopathy (NDR) patients,the G allele frequency of rs10011540 was increased (P =0.03,OR =1.31,95 % confidence interval[CI] =1.03-1.67,and T allele frequency of rs3811787 was decreased (P=0.04,OR=0.86,95% CI=0.75-0.99) in DR patients.Genotyping detection showed that the C/C and A/A frequencies of rs3811790 in UCP1 gene were significantly more and C/A frequency was less in DR patients than those in NDR patients (all at P<0.01).The logistic regression analysis indicated an association of SNPs of rs10011540 and rs3811787 with DR independent from glucose and disease duration.Conclusions The SNPs of rs10011540 and rs3811787 locus in UCP1 gene are associated with DR in Chinese type 2 diabetes patients.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1307-1312, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641154

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate peripapillary vessel density and its relationship with other ocular parameters in highly myopic eyes with peripapillary intrachoroidal cavitation (PICC), and to analyze risk factors for PICC.METHODS:Cross-sectional study.A total of 35 highly myopic eyes with PICC, 40 highly myopic eyes without PICC and 35 normal eyes were included in this study.All participants underwent fundus photography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).OCT angiography was also performed to image the retinal vasculature in the peripapillary areas of different sectors, including the radial peripapillary capillaries (RPC) and optic nerve head (ONH) layer.The difference of morphology changes in optic disc and peripapillary vessel density between these three groups were compared.Correlations between peripapillary vessel density and PICC and risk factors for the presence of PICC were analyzed.RESULTS: Significant differences were found among the three groups in spherical equivalent refraction (SER), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), axial length, peripapillary atrophy β-zone (β-PPA) area, retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and the presence of tilted optic disc, posterior staphyloma and myopic maculopathy (MMD) (P<0.05).There were significant differences among the three groups in the peripapillary vessel density both in RPC (54.34±5.58, 57.54±7.44, 64.42±3.50) and ONH (51.24±7.43, 52.75±9.96, 61.25±4.15) layers (P<0.001).In highly myopic eyes, vessel density was significantly lower in eyes with PICC than in those without in inferotemporal area both in the RPC (56.76±6.62,63.84±6.02,67.52±4.78) and ONH (56.47±5.79,60.38±4.72,64.18±4.37) layers.The vessel density was significantly correlated with the presence of MMD, β-PPA area and RNFL thickness in the RPC layer, whereas correlated with the presence of MMD, PICC and RNFL thickness in the ONH layer (P<0.05).Tilted optic disc and posterior staphyloma were independent risk factors for the presence of PICC (OR=8.007, 95%CI: 2.045-31.348;OR=7.558, 95%CI: 1.398-50.026).CONCLUSION:Highly myopic eyes with PICC had relatively lower peripapillary vessel densities, especially in the temporal area, than those without.Tilted optic disc and posterior staphyloma were independent risk factors for the presence of PICC.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638210

ABSTRACT

Although there are numerous case resource,there still exist a relatively long distance in clinical research in China in comparison with developing countries because of inadequate recognition and funding,which has greatly affected the development of standardization of clinical medical in China for the past few decades.With the deepening of recognition and increasing of special support to clinical medical research in China,the development based on clinic research will face new opportunities.As a result,it is necessary for ophthalmologists to explore clinical issues,leverage from the mega trend of clinical research and deliver high-quality results.To achieve this goal,ophthalmologists will have to constantly update their knowledge base,standardize clinical practice and improve diagnosis methods.So far,challenges persist in clinical research in ophthalmology as follows:It is difficult to get funding for clinical research project;It is difficult to get ethnics approval for clinical research project;The research design for forward-looking projects is yet to be standardized;Cross-disciplinary collaboration needs to be enhanced.This review was expected to inspire more attention from clinical research specialists and consequently more highquality clinical studies.

14.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 517-521, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515348

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the imaging and histopathologic features of extra-plural solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) and to improve the diagnose diagnostic ability.Methods The images and pathologic features of 32 SFT cases confirmed by pathology were retrospectively reviewed.Results Of 32 SFT cases, there were 5 cases in the head, 3 cases in the orbit, 1 case in the nasal sinuses, 1 case in the bronchus, 2 cases in the stomach,1 case in the pancreas, 3 cases in the kidney, 3 cases in the retroperitoneum, 4 cases in the pelvic cavity, 6 cases in the soft tissues, 3 cases near the vertebra.6 cases were malignant,8 cases were borderline,18 cases were benign.The tumors located in abdominal and pelvic tumors were larger,the average diameter of the tumors was 13.6 cm.The volumes of the other tumors were smaller, the average diameter was 4.2 cm.The majority of the tumors showed clear boundary, smooth edge or lobulated soft tissue mass, partial necrosis, rare cystic degeneration and calcification.MR images showed hypo to isointensity on T1WI and hyper to isointensity on T2WI.After enhanced enhancement, multiple small circuitous vessels could be found in or around the mass.The tumor showed slightly enhanced in the arterial phase and moderately to obviously heterogeneously enhancement in the venous phase.In addition, part of the tumors can could be seen positive-negative signal changes.The positive expression rate of immunohistochemical indexes were: CD34 100%, CD99 68.8%, Bcl-2 62.5%, Vimentin 46.9%, Ki-67>5% 43.8% respectively.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515235

ABSTRACT

As a potent collagenase activator,ocriplasmin is a recombinant truncated form of serine protease that retains the protease activity of plasmin.Pre-clinical animal experiments,clinical trials and recent clinical studies all indicated a promising outcome of intravitreal injection of ocriplasmin to treat vitreomacular interface diseases,including vitreomacular adhesion (VMA),vitreomacular traction (VMT) and full-thickness macular hole.Ocriplasmin was approved by the Food and Drug Administration of USA in the management of symptomatic VMA,and by the European Medicines Agency in treating VMT-associated macular hole with less than or equal 400 pm.Further randomized controlled clinical trials are needed for further comprehensive observation and evaluation on its efficiency,safety and other noteworthy issues.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508436

ABSTRACT

Thinning and atrophy of sclerotic tissues play an important role in the development of high myopia. High myopic eyes had the thickest sclera at the posterior pole and the thinnest sclera at the equator. Most clinical studies found that scleral thickness was negatively correlative with the axial length. Patients complicated with posterior staphyloma had even thinner sclera, and its height was negatively related with the scleral thickness. At present, the main measurement methods for scleral thickness of high myopic eyes include histological measurement, enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (OCT), and swept-source OCT. Following the development of OCT technique, it gradually becomes feasible to carry out studies on sclera thickness in mildly and moderately myopic populations, which is helpful to illuminate the mechanism of action of sclera on the onset and progression of high myopia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661572

ABSTRACT

Peripapillary intrachoroidal cavitation (PICC) is a common pathological change observed in high myopia. The exact pathogenesis of PICC is still unclear. Expansion and mechanical stretching of the peripapillary sclera, breakage and defect in the retina near the border of the myopic conus and communication between intrachoroidal cavity and the vitreous space may be important segments during the development of PICC. Color fundus photography shows a localized and well-circumscribed peripapillary lesion with yellow-orange colour, often accompanied by fundus changes, such as myopic conus excavation, optic disc tilting and inferotemporal retinal vein bending at the transition from the PICC to the myopic conus. However, the PICC lesion is not easy to be recognized in the fundus photography. Fluorescein angiography shows early hypofluorescence and later progressively staining in the lesion. Indocyanine green angiography shows hypofluorescence throughout the examination. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is vital in diagnosing PICC. Hyporeflective cavities inside the choroid, sometimes communicating with the vitreous chamber, can be observed in OCT images. OCT angiography indicates lower vessel density or even absence of choriocapillary network inside or around PICC lesions.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658653

ABSTRACT

Peripapillary intrachoroidal cavitation (PICC) is a common pathological change observed in high myopia. The exact pathogenesis of PICC is still unclear. Expansion and mechanical stretching of the peripapillary sclera, breakage and defect in the retina near the border of the myopic conus and communication between intrachoroidal cavity and the vitreous space may be important segments during the development of PICC. Color fundus photography shows a localized and well-circumscribed peripapillary lesion with yellow-orange colour, often accompanied by fundus changes, such as myopic conus excavation, optic disc tilting and inferotemporal retinal vein bending at the transition from the PICC to the myopic conus. However, the PICC lesion is not easy to be recognized in the fundus photography. Fluorescein angiography shows early hypofluorescence and later progressively staining in the lesion. Indocyanine green angiography shows hypofluorescence throughout the examination. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is vital in diagnosing PICC. Hyporeflective cavities inside the choroid, sometimes communicating with the vitreous chamber, can be observed in OCT images. OCT angiography indicates lower vessel density or even absence of choriocapillary network inside or around PICC lesions.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673034

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influences of uncoupling protein 2 (UCP-2) rs660339 variants transfection on cell proliferation and apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC). Methods Two UCP-2 green fluorescent protein (GFP) lentivirus constructs were created with the rs660339 locus carried C or T (UCP-2C or UCP-2T), respectively. HUVEC were cultured after lentiviral infection of UCP-2C or UCP-2T. The expression of UCP-2C or UCP-2T was detected with real time polymerase chain reaction. Cell proliferation and cell apoptosis were compared among negative control (NC) group, UCP-2T group and UCP-2C group using CCK-8 cell viability and flow cytometry. Western blot and immunostaining were employed to examine the expression of Bcl-2 gene. Results The lentivirus constructs were successfully created.>80%of the transfected cells were found to express GFP under fluorescent microscope. The mRNA levels of UCP-2 gene were significantly increased (F=29.183, P=0.001) in the UCP-2T group and UCP-2C group. The CCK-8 assay revealed that on day two (F=15.970, P=0.004), day three (F=16.738, P=0.004), day four (F=5.414, P=0.045) post-infection, UCP-2T and UCP-2C group showed significantly greater proliferation than the NC cells. The apoptotic rate in the UCP-2T and UCP-2C group was significantly lower than NC group (F=277.138, P=0.000), and the apoptotic rate of UCP-2T was significantly lower than that of UCP-2C (P=0.003). The protein levels of Bcl-2 in the UCP-2T and UCP-2C group were significantly greater than that in the NC group (F=425.679, P=0.000), and the Bcl-2 expression of UCP-2T was greater than that of UCP-2C (P=0.002). The Bcl-2 density in the UCP-2T and UCP-2C group were greater than that in the NC group (F=11.827, P=0.008), while there was no difference between UCP-2T and UCP-2C group (P=0.404). Conclusion The variants of UCP-2 rs660339 may influence HUVEC proliferation and apoptosis, and UCP-2T showed a stronger effect of inhibiting apoptosis than UCP-2C.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489487

ABSTRACT

Diabetic macular edema (DME) is thickening retina with two disc diameter,which is the leading cause of blindness in diabetic retinopathy patients.The initial studies demonstrated that laser treatment of DME prevented further visual deterioration but did not improve visual acuity.Although glucocorticoid slow-release system can extend the time of effective drug concentration,to help glucocorticoid better carry out its biological effect,further studies are needed to warrant their safety due to increasing intraocular pressure and cataract progression.Novel studies identifying the presence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the eye with DME allowed for the development of an alternative anti-VEGF therapy,which revolutionized the management of DME by not only preventing vision loss,but also improving overall vision.Anti-VEGF therapy is becoming the first-line treatment of DME.However,present treatment modalities including anti-VEGF for DME had limitations,which build on the current understanding of DME pathogenesis.Further in-depth study of the development and outcome of DME is needed to optimize the therapeutic schemes,based on objective and scientific observation of treatment response.Finally we need to fully utilize the public health services and clinical management resources for diabetic patients,to prevent the visual impairment of DME before its occurrence.

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