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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923495

ABSTRACT

@#Due to the complex components of polysorbate 80, analysis is time-consuming and labor-intensive, so there is an urgent need to find a method for rapid analysis of polysorbate 80 components.In this study, 10 batches of samples collected from 3 domestic and foreign enterprises were analyzed by UHPLC-HRMS, with the being further results were analyzed by the ExcipientProfiler software and supplemented by the extended database.The results showed that the ExcipientProfiler software could quickly identify the [M+Na]+ peak in the mass spectrogram, and obtain the information of component distribution, the numbers of components and the degree of polymerization of the sample.Meanwhile, the numbers of components obtained by the ExcipientProfiler software could be used to distinguish the injection grade samples from the ordinary grade samples by systematic clustering analysis.In addition, it was found through further supplement that the sample contained other fatty acid ester components by manually searching the relevant extended database.The polyoxyethylene sorbitan tetraoleate components were found in the sample according to the analysis of mass spectrum data.Therefore, although this method is fast and simple, it is necessary to add polyoxyethylene sorbitan tetraoleate components and other fatty acid ester components to further supplement the information in the ExcipientProfiler software, so that it can be better used for the analysis of polysorbate 80.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942233

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the impact of deep invasive tumor thrombus on the surgical complexity and prognosis of patients with renal cell carcinoma complicated with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 94 patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma complicated with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus, who underwent surgical treatment in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2017 to June 2020. The patient's general condition, clinicopathological characteristics, surgery and survival information were collected. The patients were divided into two groups based on the intra-operative findings of tumor thrombus adhesion to the venous wall, of which 64 cases were in the deep invasive tumor thrombus (DITT) group and 30 cases were in the non-invasive tumor thrombus (NITT) group. Chi-square, t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for categorical and continuous variables respectively. Kaplan-Meier plots and multivariable Cox regressions were performed to evaluate the influence of DITT on the prognosis of the patients with renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus.@*RESULTS@#DITT significantly increase the difficulty of surgery for the patients with renal cell carcinoma with venous tumor thrombus, which was mainly reflected in the longer operation time (362.5 vs. 307.5 min, P=0.010), more surgical bleeding (1 200 vs. 450 mL, P=0.006), more surgical blood transfusion (800 vs. 0 mL, P=0.021), more plasma transfusion (200 vs. 0 mL, P=0.001), a higher proportion of open surgery (70.3% vs. 36.7%, P=0.002), a longer post-operative hospital stay (9.5 vs. 8 days, P=0.036), and a higher proportion of post-operative complications (46.9% vs. 13.8%, P=0.002). DITT was associated with worse overall survival of the patients with renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus (P=0.022). Even in the multivariate analysis, DITT was still a poor prognostic factor for the overall survival of these patients [HR: 4.635 (1.017-21.116), P=0.047].@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus, DITT will significantly increase the difficulty of surgery, and may lead to poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Blood Component Transfusion , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Nephrectomy , Plasma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Thrombectomy , Thrombosis/surgery , Vena Cava, Inferior
3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 497-502, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869702

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of preoperative aspartate transaminase(AST) and aspartate transaminase/alanine transaminase ratio(AST/ALT)for predicting the prognosis in patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus.Methods:A retrospective analysis was made of the patients with renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus in our institution from February 2015 to December 2018. This study included 80 patients, 56 males and 24 females with mean age of 58 years (range 15-83 years). There were 17 in Mayo level 0, 24 Mayo level I, 22 in Mayo level II, 12 in Mayo level III and 5 in Mayo level IV. All the patients received radical nephrectomy or palliative nephrectomy with tumor thrombectomy. The continuous variable of AST/ALT was collected by ROC curve. The maximum value of Youden index was taken as the critical value, and the continuous variables were adjusted to binary variables. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) was calculated according to the Kaplan-Meier analysis and compared by the log-rank test. Cox multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze the independent factors of the prognosis of patients with non-metastatic renal cancer and tumor thrombus.Results:There were 70 cases of clear cell carcinoma, 10 cases of non-clear cell carcinoma, 30 cases of low Fuhrman grade (grade 1&2), and 50 cases of high Fuhrman grade (grade 3&4). AST was 19U/L (8-226 U/L) and AST/ALT was 1.3(0.4-3.3). There was a significant difference in AST between different lymphovascular invasion groups ( P=0.04), but there was no significant difference in sex, age, Mayo classification, pathological type, Fuhrman grade and lymph node metastasis. The difference of AST / ALT between age groups was significant ( P=0.025). The average follow-up time was 14.7 months (0-44 months). During the follow-up, 11 (13.8%) patients died of tumor. Univariate analysis showed that Fuhrman grade ( P=0.007), lymph node metastasis ( P=0.019), hemoglobin ( P=0.001), alkaline phosphatase (ALP, P=0.001), AST ( P=0.004) and AST / ALT ( P=0.038) were risk factors for CSS. In terms of prognosis, considering the potential correlation between AST level and AST/ALT ratio, after excluding AST, multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that high nuclear grade ( HR=3.049, 95% CI 1.292-7.196, P=0.011), high ALP ( HR=1.018, 95% CI 1.007-1.029, P=0.001) and high AST/ALT ratio ( HR=4.094, 95% CI 1.064-15.759, P=0.04) were associated with poor CSS. After excluding AST/ALT ratio, multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that high nuclear grade ( HR=5.836, 95% CI 1.867-18.240, P=0.002) and high AST ( HR=1.040, 95% CI 1.017-1.062, P<0.001) were associated with poor CSS. Conclusions:In patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus, high AST/ALT ratio and AST levels indicate poor pathological types and poor prognosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 415-420, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869682

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and effectiveness of cytoreductive nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy in patients with metastatic renal cancer with renal vein or inferior vena cava tumor thrombus.Methods:From February 2015 to May 2019, 56 cases of metastatic renal cell carcinoma with venous tumor thrombus were analyzed retrospectively, including 44 male (78.6%) and 12 female (21.4%)cases, and the average age was (59.2±10.7)(22-82). The clinical presentations covered local symptoms in 26 cases (46.4%), systemic symptoms in 8 cases (14.3%), both local symptoms and systemic symptoms in 12 cases (21.4%), and asymptomatic in 10 cases (17.9%). Among them, renal tumors were located in 35 cases (62.5%) on the right and 21 cases (37.5%) on the left. The average tumor diameter was (10.1±3.8)(1.5-21.1) cm. Forty-five cases (80.4%) scored 2 points and 11 cases (19.6%) scored 3 points by the American Society of anesthesiologists(ASA). Preoperative hemoglobin was (118.2±23.1)(72-178) g/L, and albumin was (37.9±5.6)(23-50) g/L, total protein was (67.7±6.7)(43-81) g/L, serum creatinine was (111.3±119.6)(32-958) μmol/L. There were 16 cases of Mayo 0 (28.6%), 14 cases of Mayo Ⅰ(25.0%), 17 cases of Mayo Ⅱ(30.4%), 4 cases of Mayo Ⅲ(7.1%), and 5 cases of Mayo Ⅳ(8.9%). Fourteen cases (25.0%) were in the stage of cN 0 and 42 cases (75.0%) in the stage of cN 1. Five cases (8.9%) had simple bone metastasis, 16 cases (28.6%) had simple lung metastasis, 2 cases (3.6%) had simple adrenal metastasis, 6 cases (10.7%) had simple liver metastasis, and 27 cases (48.2%) had 2 or more multiple system metastasis. According to the location of the organ system, 91 metastatic lesions were found in 56 patients. Among them, 37 cases (40.7%) had lung metastasis, 18 cases (19.8%) had liver metastasis, 21 cases (23.1%) had bone metastasis and 15 cases (16.5%) had adrenal metastasis. All 56 patients belonged to IMDC prognosis score model medium risk group. The surgical treatment of Mayo grade 0 tumor thrombus was the same as that of routine radical nephrectomy. The tumor thrombus of Mayo grade Ⅰ was removed after IVC was partially blocked by Satinsky′s forceps. The Mayo Ⅱ tumor thrombus was removed, after blocking the distal vena cava, the contralateral renal vein and the proximal vena cava. Mayo grade Ⅲ tumor thrombus needed pringer's method to block the first porta hepatis. For grade Ⅳ tumor thrombus the diaphragm could be cut directly, or the thrombus could be removed by cardiopulmonary bypass. Laparoscopic surgery was performed in 22 cases (39.3%) and open surgery in 30 cases (53.6%). Six cases (10.7%) underwent IVC wall resection because of tumor invasion. 32 cases (57.1%) underwent ipsilateral adrenalectomy because of tumor invasion or adrenal metastasis, and 23 cases (41.1%) underwent ipsilateral lymphadenectomy. In this study, there were 11 cases of solitary metastasis, 8 cases of which were operated on and 3 cases of which were not operated on. Forty-three patients were treated with sunitinib after palliative nephrectomy, 9 patients were treated with pazopanib, 3 patients were treated with acitinib, and 1 patient was treated with sorafenib. Results:The operations were successfully completed in 56 patients. Four cases (7.1%) changed from laparoscopic surgery to open surgery. The operation time was (326.8±114.9)(108-589) min. Intraoperative hemorrhage was (1 435.2±1 513.4)(20-6 000) ml, intraoperative red blood cells transfusion was (1 456.7±832.8)(400-3 600) ml in 30 cases, and intraoperative plasma transfusion was (700.0±473.6)(200-1 800) ml in 15 cases. The postoperative hospital stay was (10.6±4.6)(5-26) days. The serum creatinine one week after operation was (109.5±98.7) (47-772) μmol/L. There were 46 cases (82.1%) of renal clear cell carcinoma, 7 cases (12.5%) of papillary renal cell carcinoma and 3 cases (5.4%) of unclassified renal cell carcinoma. One case was WHO/ISUP 2016 nuclear grade 1 (1.8%), 20 cases(36.4%) was grade 2, 18 cases(32.7%)was grade 3, and 16 cases(29.1%)was grade 4. Early postoperative complications occurred in 22 cases (39.3%). Among them, 1 case of Clavien gradeⅠ was wound infection. There were 16 cases with Clavien gradeⅡ, including 5 cases who received blood transfusion due to anemia, 3 cases with chylous fistula, 4 cases with postoperative pulmonary infection, 2 cases with postoperative lower extremity venous thrombosis, 1 case with atrial fibrillation and 1 case with epididymitis. Clavien gradeⅢ a was found in 1 case with pneumothorax. Clavien gradeⅣ was found in 2 cases, including 1 case of acute cerebral infarction and 1 case of renal insufficiency.There were 2 cases with Clavien gradeⅤ with perioperative death. Among the 56 patients, 5 lost the follow-up, 2 died during the perioperative period, and the other 49 patients were followed up for 1-39 months, with a median follow-up of 14 months. The mean survival time was (25.6±2.5) months, and the median survival time was 25 months.Conclusions:It was relatively safe and effective to perform cytoreductive nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy in patients with metastatic renal cancer with tumor thrombus. For the patients with clinical symptoms, IMDC prognosis score model medium risk group, and strong desire for surgery, the combination of cytoreductive nephrectomy with tumor thrombectomy and postoperative targeted medical therapy was recommended.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1166-1174, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827631

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy is the standard surgical procedure for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with tumor thrombus (TT). But the estimation of intra-operative blood loss is only based on the surgeon's experience. Therefore, our study aimed to develop Peking University Third Hospital score (PKUTH score) for the prediction of intra-operative blood loss volume in radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 153 cases of renal mass with renal vein (RV) or inferior vena cava tumor thrombus admitted to Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital from January 2015 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The total amount of blood loss during operation is equal to the amount of blood sucked out by the aspirator plus the amount of blood in the blood-soaked gauze. Univariate linear analysis was used to analyze risk factors for intra-operative blood loss, then significant factors were included in subsequent multivariable linear regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#The final multivariable model included the following three factors: open operative approach (P < 0.001), Neves classification IV (P < 0.001), inferior vena cava resection (P = 0.001). The PKUTH score (0-3) was calculated according to the number of aforementioned risk factors. A significant increase of blood loss was noticed along with higher risk score. The estimated median blood loss from PKUTH score 0 to 3 was 280 mL (interquartile range [IQR] 100-600 mL), 1250 mL (IQR 575-2700 mL), 2000 mL (IQR 1250-2900 mL), and 5000 mL (IQR 4250-8000 mL), respectively. Meanwhile, the higher PKUTH score was, the more chance of post-operative complications (P = 0.004) occurred. A tendency but not significant overall survival difference was found between PKUTH risk score 0 vs. 1 to 3 (P = 0.098).@*CONCLUSION@#We present a structured and quantitative scoring system, PKUTH score, to predict intra-operative blood loss volume in radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1780-1787, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771149

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy is one of the most difficult and complicated urological operations. But the roles of renal tumor volume and thrombus level in surgical complexity and prognostic outcome are not clear. This study aimed to evaluate the surgical complexity and prognostic outcome between the volume of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and the level of venous tumor thrombus.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 67 RCC cases with renal vein or inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus from January 2015 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these 67 cases, 21 (31.3%) were small tumors with high-level thrombus (tumor ≤7 cm in diameter and thrombus Neves Level II-IV), while 46 (68.7%) were large tumors with low-level thrombus group (tumor >7 cm in diameter and thrombus Level 0-I). Clinical features, operation details, and pathology data were collected. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were applied to evaluate the risk factors for small tumor with high-level thrombus.@*RESULTS@#Patients with small tumors and high-level thrombus were more likely to have longer operative time (421.9 ± 135.1 min vs. 282.2 ± 101.9 min, t = 4.685, P < 0.001), more surgical bleeding volume (1200 [325, 2900] mL vs. 500 [180, 1000] mL, U = 270.000, P = 0.004), more surgical blood transfusion volume (800 [0, 1400] mL vs. 0 [0, 800] mL, U = 287.500, P = 0.004), more plasma transfusion volume (0 [0, 800] mL vs. 0 [0, 0] mL, U = 319.000, P = 0.004), higher percentage of open operative approach (76.2% vs. 32.6%, χ = 11.015, P = 0.001), higher percentage of IVC resection (33.3% vs. 0%, χ = 17.122, P < 0.001), and higher percentage of post-operative complications (52.4% vs. 19.6%, χ = 7.415, P = 0.010) than patients with large tumors and low-level thrombus. In multivariate analysis, decreased hemoglobin (Hb) (odds ratio [OR]: 0.956, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.926-0.986, P = 0.005) and non-sarcomatoid differentiation (OR: 0.050, 95% CI: 0.004-0.664, P = 0.023) were more likely to form small tumors with high-level tumor thrombus rather than large tumor with small tumor thrombus. The estimated mean cancer-specific survival times of small tumor with high-level thrombus and large tumor with low-level thrombus were 31.6 ± 3.8 months and 32.5 ± 2.9 months, without statistical significance (P = 0.955). After univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard survival regression analyses, only distant metastasis (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.839, P = 0.002), sarcomatoid differentiation (HR: 7.923, P < 0.001), alkaline phosphatase (HR: 2.661, P = 0.025), and severe post-operative complications (HR: 10.326, P = 0.001) were independent predictors of prognosis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The level of the tumor thrombus was more important than the diameter of the primary kidney tumor in affecting the complexity of surgery. In the same T3 stage, neither the renal tumor diameter nor the tumor thrombus level was an independent risk factor for prognosis.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1780-1787, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802697

ABSTRACT

Background@#Radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy is one of the most difficult and complicated urological operations. But the roles of renal tumor volume and thrombus level in surgical complexity and prognostic outcome are not clear. This study aimed to evaluate the surgical complexity and prognostic outcome between the volume of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and the level of venous tumor thrombus.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 67 RCC cases with renal vein or inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus from January 2015 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these 67 cases, 21 (31.3%) were small tumors with high-level thrombus (tumor ≤7 cm in diameter and thrombus Neves Level II–IV), while 46 (68.7%) were large tumors with low-level thrombus group (tumor >7 cm in diameter and thrombus Level 0–I). Clinical features, operation details, and pathology data were collected. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were applied to evaluate the risk factors for small tumor with high-level thrombus.@*Results@#Patients with small tumors and high-level thrombus were more likely to have longer operative time (421.9 ± 135.1 min vs. 282.2 ± 101.9 min, t = 4.685, P < 0.001), more surgical bleeding volume (1200 [325, 2900] mL vs. 500 [180, 1000] mL, U = 270.000, P = 0.004), more surgical blood transfusion volume (800 [0, 1400] mL vs. 0 [0, 800] mL, U = 287.500, P = 0.004), more plasma transfusion volume (0 [0, 800] mL vs. 0 [0, 0] mL, U = 319.000, P = 0.004), higher percentage of open operative approach (76.2% vs. 32.6%, χ2 = 11.015, P = 0.001), higher percentage of IVC resection (33.3% vs. 0%, χ2 = 17.122, P < 0.001), and higher percentage of post-operative complications (52.4% vs. 19.6%, χ2 = 7.415, P = 0.010) than patients with large tumors and low-level thrombus. In multivariate analysis, decreased hemoglobin (Hb) (odds ratio [OR]: 0.956, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.926–0.986, P = 0.005) and non-sarcomatoid differentiation (OR: 0.050, 95% CI: 0.004–0.664, P = 0.023) were more likely to form small tumors with high-level tumor thrombus rather than large tumor with small tumor thrombus. The estimated mean cancerspecific survival times of small tumor with high-level thrombus and large tumor with low-level thrombus were 31.6 ± 3.8 months and 32.5 ± 2.9 months, without statistical significance (P = 0.955). After univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard survival regression analyses, only distant metastasis (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.839, P = 0.002), sarcomatoid differentiation (HR: 7.923, P < 0.001), alkaline phosphatase (HR: 2.661, P = 0.025), and severe post-operative complications (HR: 10.326, P = 0.001) were independent predictors of prognosis.@*Conclusions@#The level of the tumor thrombus was more important than the diameter of the primary kidney tumor in affecting the complexity of surgery. In the same T3 stage, neither the renal tumor diameter nor the tumor thrombus level was an independent risk factor for prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 732-736, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796744

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical characteristics of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) with inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus and to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 3 patients with renal AML and inferior vena cava tumor thrombus was retrospectively reviewed. The patients were all female, aged 19 to 70 years. Among them, 2 patients presented with lumbago on the right side, and the other one was diagnosed by physical examination. The body mass index ranged from 18.4 to 24.6 kg/m2, with a median value of 20.4 kg/m2. According to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), they were classified as grade Ⅱ. Color doppler ultrasound examination of the kidney and IVC was performed in all the 3 patients, all of which showed hyperechoic solid mass in the right kidney. Color doppler ultrasound of IVC showed hyperechoic band in the IVC, indicating blood flow signals and the tumor thrombus. All the 3 cases showed irregular fat density or mixed density in the right kidney and multiple irregular fat density were observed in the right renal vein and inferior vena cava on CT. Two of them received MRI examination of IVC, which showed irregular lesions in the right kidney, short T1 and long T2 signals, low lipids, and no definite limited diffusion on DWI. Irregular fat signal were seen in the right renal vein and inferior vena cava. All 3 patients were diagnosed with right renal mass with IVC tumor thrombus, with 1 patient of Mayo grade Ⅲ tumor thrombus and the other 2 of Mayo gradeⅡtumor thrombus. One underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and inferior vena cava tumor thrombectomy, another one underwent open right partial nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy, and the third one suffered preoperative AML rupture, undergoing open radical nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy.@*Results@#The operation time was 168 to 659 min, with median of 220 min. Intraoperative blood loss ranged from 50 to 300 ml, with the median of 50 ml. Postoperative indwelling time of drainage tube was 5 to 11 days, with the median of 6 days. Postoperative hospital stay ranged from 7 to 14 days, with a median of 8 days. Postoperative follow-up ranged from 12 to 16 months, with a median follow-up of 13 months. All the three patients underwent operation without postoperative complications. Postoperative pathology proved to be right renal angiomyolipoma. After 3 months of follow-up, the patients showed no tumor recurrence or metastasis.@*Conclusions@#Renal AML is a benign lesion, which is rarely concurrent with inferior vena cava cancer thrombus. Enhanced CT examination is the main diagnostic method, surgical resection of the lesion is the preferred treatment, partial nephrectomy combined with thrombectomy can be performed in patients with AML, if permitted, and postoperative prognosis turns out to be propitious.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 732-736, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791676

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) with inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus and to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.Methods The clinical data of 3 patients with renal AML and inferior vena cava tumor thrombus was retrospectively reviewed.The patients were all female,aged 19 to 70 years.Among them,2 patients presented with lumbago on the right side,and the other one was diagnosed by physical examination.The body mass index ranged from 18.4 to 24.6 kg/m2,with a median value of 20.4 kg/m2.According to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA),they were classified as grade Ⅱ.Color doppler ultrasound examination of the kidney and IVC was performed in all the 3 patients,all of which showed hyperechoic solid mass in the right kidney.Color doppler ultrasound of IVC showed hyperechoic band in the IVC,indicating blood flow signals and the tumor thrombus.All the 3 cases showed irregular fat density or mixed density in the right kidney and multiple irregular fat density were observed in the right renal vein and inferior vena cava on CT.Two of them received MRI examination of IVC,which showed irregular lesions in the right kidney,short T1 and long T2 signals,low lipids,and no definite limited diffusion on DWI.Irregular fat signal were seen in the right renal vein and inferior vena cava.All 3 patients were diagnosed with right renal mass with IVC tumor thrombus,with 1 patient of Mayo grade Ⅲ tumor thrombus and the other 2 of Mayo grade Ⅱ tumor thrombus.One underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and inferior vena cava tumor thrombectomy,another one underwent open right partial nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy,and the third one suffered preoperative AML rupture,undergoing open radical nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy.Results The operation time was 168 to 659 min,with median of 220 min.Intraoperative blood loss ranged from 50 to 300 ml,with the median of 50 ml.Postoperative indwelling time of drainage tube was 5 to 11 days,with the median of 6 days.Postoperative hospital stay ranged from 7 to 14 days,with a median of 8 days.Postoperative follow-up ranged from 12 to 16 months,with a median follow-up of 13 months.All the three patients underwent operation without postoperative complications.Postoperative pathology proved to be right renal angiomyolipoma.After 3 months of follow-up,the patients showed no tumor recurrence or metastasis.Conclusions Renal AML is a benign lesion,which is rarely concurrent with inferior vena cava cancer thrombus.Enhanced CT examination is the main diagnostic method,surgical resection of the lesion is the preferred treatment,partial nephrectomy combined with thrombectomy can be performed in patients with AML,if permitted,and postoperative prognosis turns out to be propitious.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811763

ABSTRACT

@#This study was to evaluate quality consistency of domestic generic and reference preparations. Content and related substances of domestic generic preparations and reference preparation were inspected according to Chinese Pharmacopeia 2015. Then the basic solution for determining dissolution curve was established through preliminary experiment and validation for determination. The dissolution curves of domestic rifampicin capsules and reference preparation were compared in four dissolution mediums: HCl(pH 1. 2), PBS(pH 4. 0), PBS(pH 6. 8)and pure water, respectively. Results showed that the content and related substances of domestic generic and reference preparations complied with the quality standard, but impurity profile displayed that impurities in domestic generic preparations were less than those in the reference preparation, with the content of rifampin quinine being especially less. Furthermore, dissolution of domestic generic and reference preparations were compared, and their dissolution curves were not similar. It is suggested that consistency between domestic rifampicin capsules and reference preparation should be evaluated by bioequivalence test.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690638

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore whether the intake of dietary carotenoids could protect against skeletal fluorosis in Guizhou province in which coal-burning fluorosis is endemic.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study of 196 patients with skeletal fluorosis and 196 age and gender-matched controls was conducted in Zhijin, Guizhou Province. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to assess habitual dietary intake using a 75-item food frequency questionnaire and various covariates with structured questionnaires. Urinary fluoride was measured using an ion-selective electrode method. The genotype of superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) rs11968525 was detected by TaqMan method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We observed significant dose-dependent inverse associations of skeletal fluorosis with intake of β-carotene, lutein/zeaxanthin, lycopene, and total carotenoids (P-trend = 0.002 to 0.018), whereas α-carotene and β-cryptoxanthin intakes were not found to be related to skeletal fluorosis, after adjustment for potential confounders. The adjusted ORs and 95% CI of skeletal fluorosis for the highest versus lowest quartile were 0.30 (0.10, 0.86) for β-carotene, 0.23 (0.08, 0.66) for lycopene, 0.26 (0.10, 0.75) for lutein/zeaxanthin and 0.34 (0.14, 0.74) for total carotenoids (all P-trend < 0.05). Stratified analyses showed that the protective effects of lutein/zeaxanthin and total carotenoids on skeletal fluorosis were more evident for individuals with the AG+AA genotypes of SOD2 (rs11968525).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Increased intakes of β-carotene, lutein/zeaxanthin, lycopene, and total carotenoids are independently associated with a lower risk of coal-burning skeletal fluorosis. SOD2 (rs11968525) polymorphisms might modify the inverse associations between dietary carotenoids and skeletal fluorosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Genetics , Urine , Carotenoids , Case-Control Studies , China , Coal , Energy Intake , Environmental Exposure , Feeding Behavior , Female , Fluoride Poisoning , Genetics , Urine , Fluorides , Urine , Humans , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Superoxide Dismutase , Genetics , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 5120-5122,5125, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665193

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence of different hemoglobin target value on the survival quality and mortality rate of maintenance hemodialysis (M HD) patients .Methods A total of 320 patients aged 18-80 years old with end stage renal disease (ESRD) and continuous outpatient hemodialysis for over 6 months in the Hengshui Municipal Hemodialysis Center were randomly divided into the three groups .The high ,middle and low hemoglobin target values were formulated ,the group A :95-110 g/L ,group B:110-125 g/L and group C :125-140 g/L .Each group was given the medication intervention for correcting anemia and reaching its target value .The biochemistry and coagulation related indicators were observed during following 72 weeks .After the end of ex-periment ,the SF-36 survival quality assessment was performed and then the influence of different target hemoglobin values on the patients′survival quality of life and mortality rate was analyzed .Results The various laboratory indicators before experiment had no statistically significant difference among the three groups (P>0 .05) .But the serum albumin and prealbumin levels at 12 weeks after medication intervention during the same period in the group A began to be lower than those in the group B and C ,the C-reac-tive protein(CRP) level in the group A was higher than that in the group B and C ,the difference was statistically significant (P<0 .05) .But the fibrinogen had no statistical difference among the three groups ,and CRP ,serum albumin and prealbumin levels had no statistical difference between the group B and C (P>0 .05) .the SF-36 scale evaluation in the group B and C was superior to that in the group A ,the difference was statistically significant (P<0 .05) ,while which had no statistical difference between the group B and C (P>0 .05) .After the experiment end ,the mortality rate showed no statistically significant difference among the three groups (χ2 =0 .467 ,P=0 .792) .Conclusion The correction of anemia has close relation with biochemistry ,coagulation ,serum albumin , prealbumin and survival quality .The hemoglobin target value setting should be formulated according to the specific circumstances of patients .

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617553

ABSTRACT

An RP-HPLC method was established to separate the related substances of benzyl hydroxybenzoate.The separation was carried out on a Agilent ZORBAX Eclipse Plus Phenyl-Hexyl column.The mobile phase was methonal-0.1% glacial acetic acid,using linear gradient elution,and the detection wavelength was 254 nm.There was a good linear relationship between 0.051-101.88 μg/mL (r =1.00) and 0.050-99.48 μg/mL(r =0.999 8) for benzyl hydroxybenzoate and p-hydroxybenzoic acid,repectively.The average recovery of p-hydroxybenzoic acid was 100.3% and the RSD was 0.95%.The LOQ of p-hydroxybenzoic acid was 0.24 ng.The detected impurities were also identified by UPLC-Q-TOF.The established method is accurate and reproducible,and could be used for the quality control of benzyl hydroxybenzoate.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812225

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To investigate the chemical and bioactive constituents from the stems and leaves of Micromelum integerrimum.@*METHOD@#The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and HPLC. Their structures were mainly elucidated on the basis of extensive 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Their cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activities were tested by the SRB and turbidimetric methods, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Two new phenylpropanoids and two known coumarins were obtained, and their structures were identified as microintegerrin A (1), microintegerrin B (2), scopoletin (3), and scopolin (4). All of the compounds were tested for their cytotoxicity against three cancer cell lines (HeLa, A549, and BGC-823) and for antimicrobial activity against the fungus Candida albicans and the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus.@*CONCLUSION@#Two new phenylpropanoids 1 and 2 were isolated and identified from the stems and leaves of M. intgerrimum. None of the compounds showed cytotoxic or antimicrobial activity at the tested concentration of 20 μg·mL(-1).


Subject(s)
Candida albicans , Coumarins , Pharmacology , Glucosides , Pharmacology , HeLa Cells , Humans , Molecular Structure , Phenylpropionates , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Leaves , Plant Stems , Rutaceae , Chemistry , Scopoletin , Pharmacology , Staphylococcus aureus
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327907

ABSTRACT

Eleven compounds were isolated and purified from the barks extract of Nothopanax delavayi and their structures were identified as serratagenic acid-3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (1), serratagenic acid-3-0-alpha-L-arabi-nopyranosyl-28-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl] ester (2), serratagenic acid (3), serratagenic acid-3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside (4), serratagenic acid-beta-O-beta-(2', 4'-O-diacetyl) -D-xylopyranosyl-28-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopy-ranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->46)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl] ester (5), serratagenic acid-3-O-alpha-(4'-O-acetyl)-L-arabino pyrano-syl-28-0- [-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl] ester(6), serratagenic acid-3-O-alpha-(2'-O-acetyl)-L-arabinopyranosyl-28-O-[-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl- (1-->4) -beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl] ester(7), serratagenic acid-3-0-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-28-O-[-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl] ester (8), protocatechuic acid (9), ethyl caffeate (10) and caffeic anhydride (11) by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data analysis. Among them, compounds 3-4 and 9-11 were firstly isolated from the genus Nothopanax, and compounds 5-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Araliaceae , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Plant Bark , Chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350671

ABSTRACT

Fourteen compounds were isolated and purified from the ethyl acetate of the ethanol extract of Shiaria bambusicola by various chromatographic methods, and their structures were elucidated by spectral techniques and physicochemical properties as hypocrellin A (1), hypocrellin B (2), hypocrellin C (3), hypomycin A (4), ergosterol (5), ergosterol peroxide (6), (22E, 24R)-5alpha, 8alpha-epidioxy-6,9(11),22-trien-3beta-ol (7), ergosta-7, 24(28)-dien-3beta-ol (8), (22E, 24R)-ergost-7, 22-dien-3beta, 5alpha, 6beta-triol (9), (22E,24R)-ergosta-7, 22-diene-3beta, 5alpha, 6beta-triol-3-O-palmitate (10), (22E, 24R)-ergosta-7, 22-diene-3beta, 5alpha, 6beta-triol-6-O-palmitate (11), 1-O-monostearin (12), 1, 3-O-distearin (13), and mannitol (14). Among them, compounds 7-13 were firstly isolated from this genus.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Chemistry , Ascomycota , Chemistry , Biological Factors , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 377-382, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348945

ABSTRACT

With the emergence of drug resistant tuberculosis, it is very urgent to find novel anti-tuberculosis drugs, especially novel anti-drug-resistant tuberculosis drugs. Because of the slow growth and the need to work in a biosafty environment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the development of evaluation of drug effect is severely impeded. In order to solve these issues, non-pathogenic fast-growing Mycobacterium smegmatis is introduced as test organism. The inhA is one of a target of isoniazid (INH) overexpression or mutation of this gene in Mycobacterium tuberculosis conferring resistant to INH. A recombinant plasmid bearing inhA was constructed and electroporated into Mycobacterium smegmatis, using shuttle expression vector pMV261. Transformants were induced to express a protein of inhA, identified by SDS-PAGE. Results show that Mycobacterium smegmatis containing inhA plasmids exhibited 100-fold or greater increased resistance to INH, but it conferred no increased resistance to others first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs. Resazurin microtiter assay plate testing of Mycobacterium smegmatis susceptibility to drugs is a rapid, simple, and inexpensive method and could decrease color background of drugs by detecting fluorescence. It will be benefit for high-throughout screening of drugs of anti-isoniazid-resistant Mycobacteria.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Antibiotics, Antitubercular , Pharmacology , Antitubercular Agents , Pharmacology , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Electroporation , Ethambutol , Pharmacology , Isoniazid , Pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Mycobacterium smegmatis , Genetics , Metabolism , Oxidoreductases , Genetics , Metabolism , Plasmids , Rifampin , Pharmacology , Streptomycin , Pharmacology
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 683-687, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348900

ABSTRACT

In order to find antiviral compounds with novel structures, geldanamycin and lamivudine with different antiviral mechanisms were conjunctively synthesized to acquire a new compound TC-GM, and the antiviral activity of TC-GM was measured. The antiviral activity against HIV-1 was examined by p24 antigen ELISA kit. The activity against HBV was examined by dotblot. The activity against HSV and CoxB virus was examined by CPE. TC-GM exhibited broad-spectrum antiviral activities similarly like geldanamycin. TC-GM inhibited the replication of different viruses, including HIV-1, HBV, HSV 1 and 2, CoxB6. TC-GM showed more potent inhibitory activity against HIV-1 and HBV than other detected virus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-HIV Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Antiviral Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Benzoquinones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Chlorocebus aethiops , Enterovirus B, Human , Physiology , HIV-1 , Physiology , Hep G2 Cells , Hepatitis B virus , Physiology , Herpesvirus 1, Human , Physiology , Herpesvirus 2, Human , Physiology , Humans , Lactams, Macrocyclic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Lamivudine , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Pathology , Virology , Vero Cells , Virus Replication
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 247-252, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250635

ABSTRACT

Strict regulation of HIV-1 PR function is critical for efficient production of mature viral particles. During viral protein expression and viral assembly, HIV-1 PR located within Gag-Pol precursor must be inactive to prevent premature cytoplasmic processing of the viral Gag and Gag-Pol precursors. Premature activation of HIV-1 precursors leads to major defects in viral assembly and production of viral particles. A cell-level premature activation of HIV-1 precursors assay using bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) was established. Three thousand compounds were screened to evaluate this assay. The results showed that the assay is sensitive, specific and stable (Z' factor is 0.905).


Subject(s)
Anti-HIV Agents , Pharmacology , Benzoxazines , Pharmacology , Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer Techniques , Methods , Fusion Proteins, gag-pol , Genetics , Metabolism , HEK293 Cells , HIV Protease , Metabolism , Physiology , HIV-1 , High-Throughput Screening Assays , Methods , Humans , Plasmids , Genetics , Protein Precursors , Metabolism , Physiology , Pyridazines , Pharmacology , Transfection , Virion , Virus Assembly , gag Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus , Genetics , Metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 148-151, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334833

ABSTRACT

A hybridoma cell line 1G4A7 secreting monoclonal antibody (McAb) specific to hemagglutinin of avian paramyxovirus type 2 (APMV-2) was developed by fusing the spleen cells of APMV-2 immunized BAlb/c mice with SP2/0 myeloma cells. The immunoglobulin subclass of 1G4A7 was IgG1 with light chain kappa and the affinity constant against APMV-2 was 1.02 X 10(10). Identified by HI and indirect ELISA, the McAb titers in ascities were 10 log 2 and 1 : 10(6) respectively. The McAb did not cross react with the common avian viruses, showing good specificity. There existed obvious differences in antigenitic relationship among APMV-2 viruses analyzed by HI and indirect ELISA using McAb 1G4A7.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Avulavirus , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests , Hemagglutinins, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
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