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Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 641-646, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615941


Aim To examine the effect of zacopride,a specific inward rectifier potassium channel(IK1)agonist,on L-thyroxine(T4)-induced ventricular remodeling and the underlying mechanism.Methods SD rats were randomly divided as control,L-thyroxine(L-thy,1 mg·kg-1·d-1,ig,10 d)model,L-thy +zacopride(5,15,50 μg·kg-1,respectively,ip),L-thy+zacopride(15 μg·kg-1)+chloroquine(7.5 μg·kg-1,ip)and L-thy+captopril(100 mg·kg-1·d-1,drinking water)groups.Echocardiography and cardiac hypertrophic indexes were measured to confirm the establishment of the ventricular remodeling model.The changes of IK1 and L-calcium current(ICa-L)were detected by whole cell patch clamp technique.The confocal microscopy and fluorescent indicator Fluo-4 were applied to examine the intracellular Ca2+ concentration([Ca2+]i)of isolated adult rat ventricular myocytes.Results L-thyroxine induced left ventricular hypertrophy with increased ratio of heart weight(HW)to body weight(HW·BW-1),ratio of left ventrical weight(LVW)to body weight(LVW·BW-1),left ventricular dimension in diastole(LVIDd),left ventricular dimension in systole(LVIDs),interventricular septum thickness(IVS)and decreased ejection fraction(EF),fractional shortening(FS)(P<0.01).Patch clamp data suggested IK1 was downregulated,while ICa-L was upregulated(P<0.01).In isolated adult cardiomyocytes,L-thyroxine increased the cell area and [Ca2+]i(P<0.01).Zacopride treatment obviously alleviated cardiac remodeling,improved cardiac function,reversed the changes of IK1 and ICa-L,and significantly attenuated intracellular calcium overload(P<0.01).The optimum dose of zacopride in vivo was 15 μg·kg-1 at which the effect was compared favourably with captopril,a classical anti-remodeling agent.Low-dose IK1 atagonist chloroquine could reverse the effect of zacopride(P<0.01).Conclusion Via activating IK1,zacopride could significantly decrease Ca2+ influx and intracellular calcium overload thereby inhibiting L-thyroxine-induced cardiac ventricular remodeling.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611116


OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of four 5-hydroxytryptamine type 4 (5-HT4) receptor agonists:cisapride,zacopride,macopride and 2-[1-(4-piperonyl) piperazinyl]-benzothiazole (BZTZ),on rat cardiac inward rectifier potassium channel (IK1)and heart rhythm.METHODS The whole-cell configuration of patch-clamp technique was used to record effects of 5-HT4 receptor agonists onIk1 in enzymatic dissociated rat ventricular myocytes or Kir2.1 transfected HEK 293 cells.Western blotting was used to observe the expression of Kir2.1 channel exposed 24 h to agents in ventricular myocytes.Langendorff-perfused hearts were perfused with four agents respectively for 30 min.The electrocardiogram was recorded simultaneously.RESULTS BZTZ,cisapride and mosapride 0.1-10 μmol· L-1 decreasedIk1 in a concentrationdependent manner.At the same concentration (1 μmol· L-1),BZTZ showed the most potent inhibition onIκ1 (P<0.01),followed by cisapride.Mosapride showed slight inhibition efficiency.However,zacopride enhanced Iκ1 (P<0.01).In Kir2.1 heterologous expression systems,zacopride activated Kir2.1 current (P<0.01) while mosapride had no effect.In ex vivo Langendorff-perfused hearts,BZTZ and cisapride 1μmol· L-1 elicited singnificant rhythm disturbances,and the total of premature ventricular beats (PVB) were 159±28 and 61±13.50% (4/8) (P<0.05) and 25% (1/8) of the hearts exhibited ventricular tachycardia (VT),while 37.5% (3/8) and 12.5% (1/8) of the hearts exhibited ventricular fibrillation (VF),respectively.Mosapride and zacopride had no side effects on heart rhythm.Zacopride also suppressed BZTZ-or cisapride-induced arrhythmias.BZFZ had the strongest proarryhthmic potency among the 5-HT4 agonists,followed by cisapride,mosapride and zacopride.CONCLUSION Iκ1 might be an independent risk factor for arrhythmogenesis and a new target for screening safe 5-HT4 receptor agonists and gastrointestinal prokinetic agents.

Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1081-1084,1085, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602335


Aim To investigate the inhibitory effects of zacopride(Zac) on arrhythmia induced by isoproterenol ( ISO) and the underlying mechanisms in rats. Meth-ods ①ECGs were recorded in anesthetized rats in vi-vo to observe the effects of zacopride on arrhythmia in-duced by ISO. ② Intracellular microelectrode tech-nique was used to investigate the effects of zacopride on resting membrane potential, delayed afterdepolariza-tions ( DADs) and triggered activity ( TA) induced by ISO combined with 3. 6 mmol·L-1 CaCl2 in right ven-tricular papillary muscle of rats. Results ① In ISO group rats, ventricular premature beats ( VPB ) oc-curred frequently with ST-segment depression. Com-pared with ISO group, the incidence of VPB in ISO+Zac group decreased from 100% to 50% ( n=6 , P<0. 05 ) and the total number of VPB recorded in 1 hour significantly reduced from 1 574 ± 521 to 33 ± 40 ( n=6,P<0. 05). ② Zacopride at 1 μmol·L-1 could hy-perpolarize the resting membrane potential of right ven-tricular papillary muscle in normal rat from ( -74. 42 ± 1. 95 ) mV to ( -78. 50 ± 2. 07 ) mV ( n =6 , P <0. 05). ③ Zacopride at 1 μmol·L-1 significantly de-pressed the DADs and TA induced by ISO combined with 3. 6 mmol·L-1 CaCl2 in right ventricular papilla-ry muscle. The incidence of DADs decreased from 93. 75% in rats in ISO group to 25% in ISO +Zac group ( n =16 , P <0. 05 ) , and this antiarrhythmic effect could be reversed by 1 μmol·L-1 BaCl2 . Conclusions Zacopride, a selective IK1 channel ago-nist , can significantly inhibit cardiac arrthymia induced by ISO in rats, the mechanism of which is mainly at-tributed to zacopride-induced hyperpolarization of the resting membrane potential and subsequent suppression of DADs and TA via enhancing IK1 . These results pro-vide further evidence that to enhance IK1 moderately may be a feasible pathway for antiarrthymic therapy.