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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 613-618, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012950

ABSTRACT

With the continuous advancement of health informatization and the wide application of medical big data, electronic health records came into being and spread rapidly. However, because electronic health records contain a large amount of private information, privacy protection is the primary consideration for the sustainable development of electronic health records. By analyzing the shortcomings of privacy protection of electronic health records in law, technology, management and protection consciousness, this paper put forward some countermeasures, such as perfecting the relevant laws and regulations of privacy protection of electronic health records, improving the technical level, improving the management defects of electronic health records, and cultivating the privacy protection consciousness of professionals and the public, so as to improve the overall privacy protection level of China’s health records information management system and provide effective protection for the privacy information of Chinese residents’ electronic health records.

2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 127-134, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study was aimed at investigating the carrier rate of, and molecular variation in, α- and β-globin gene mutations in Hunan Province.@*METHODS@#We recruited 25,946 individuals attending premarital screening from 42 districts and counties in all 14 cities of Hunan Province. Hematological screening was performed, and molecular parameters were assessed.@*RESULTS@#The overall carrier rate of thalassemia was 7.1%, including 4.83% for α-thalassemia, 2.15% for β-thalassemia, and 0.12% for both α- and β-thalassemia. The highest carrier rate of thalassemia was in Yongzhou (14.57%). The most abundant genotype of α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia was -α 3.7/αα (50.23%) and β IVS-II-654/β N (28.23%), respectively. Four α-globin mutations [CD108 (ACC>AAC), CAP +29 (G>C), Hb Agrinio and Hb Cervantes] and six β-globin mutations [CAP +8 (C>T), IVS-II-848 (C>T), -56 (G>C), beta nt-77 (G>C), codon 20/21 (-TGGA) and Hb Knossos] had not previously been identified in China. Furthermore, this study provides the first report of the carrier rates of abnormal hemoglobin variants and α-globin triplication in Hunan Province, which were 0.49% and 1.99%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study demonstrates the high complexity and diversity of thalassemia gene mutations in the Hunan population. The results should facilitate genetic counselling and the prevention of severe thalassemia in this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , beta-Thalassemia/genetics , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , Hemoglobinopathies/genetics , China/epidemiology , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 37-45, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965646

ABSTRACT

Shaoyaotang is composed of Cptidis Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix, Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Aucklandiae Radix, Arecae Semen, Cinnamomi Cortex and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, with the functions of clearing away heat, eliminating dampness, regulating Qi and activating blood. Thus, it is proposed as the main formula for the treatment of dampness-heat dysentery by later generations of doctors. In modern clinical application, in addition to original Shaoyaotang, its modified formulas are also used for the treatment of ulcerative colitis, and can be used in combination with other prescriptions (such as Tongxie Yaofang, Pulsatilla Soup, Shenling Baizhu San), western medicine (such as mesalazine, sulfasalazine, Infliximab), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) acupuncture or moxibustion and other characteristic therapies. Clinical efficacy results indicate that Shaoyaotang and its modified formulas can significantly lower Mayo Endoscopic Score (MES), Baron score, TCM syndrome score and other disease scores, and improve patients’ intestinal symptoms, with few side effects. Experimental pharmacological studies reveal that Shaoyaotang can inhibit tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and other pro-inflammatory factors to up regulate the expression of anti-inflammatory factors such as interleukin-10 (IL-10), thereby reducing the inflammatory response. The formula could also reduce apoptosis by regulating inflammatory signaling pathway and blocking the chain reaction, and repair abnormal immune barrier by balancing immune axis and regulating immune proteins. Additionally, it could adjust the balance of intestinal flora, promote intestinal epithelial cell regeneration and improve mucosal permeability, so as to restore the balance of intestinal environment and thus treat ulcerative colitis. Its monomers baicalin, paeoniflorin, and berberine have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, metabolism-regulating and other effects. This paper systematically reviewed the clinical and basic research progress of Shaoyaotang in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1770-1779, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978650

ABSTRACT

On the basis of the qualitative preparation quality markers of Zhibao Sanbian Wan (ZBSBW), we screened out the quantitative markers and evaluated the content consistency of ZBSBW. A method capable of simultaneously determining 34 compounds in ZBSBW was established based on HPLC-MS/MS, and 16 batches of ZBSBW were simultaneously analyzed by this method. Furthermore, we explored a general strategy for analyzing the component migration in preparation, plasma, brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid. The methodological investigation was confirmed by linear range, recovery (85.10%-105.07%), precision (RSD: 1.37%-4.58%), stability, and repeatability (3.00%-12.45%), the established method was suitable for the detection and quantification of the compounds in ZBSBW. The contents of compounds in ZBSBW were all lower than 1 mg·g-1, and the contents and daily dose of nystose were the highest, followed by echinacoside, paeoniflorin, osthole and paeonol. The results of systematic clustering showed that the contents were consistent for ordinary preparations of ZBSBW. The principal component analysis showed that the components of berberine, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rg1, pinoresinol diglucoside and tenuifolin had large variation, which contributed significantly to the grouping. The contents of echinacoside, verbascoside, polygalaxanthone Ⅲ, β-ecdysterone, osthole, alisol B 23-acetate, liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid were stable from batch to batch. The animal experiment results showed that osthole, paeonol and liquiritin in ZBSBW could be absorbed into the blood and enter the brain tissue by passing through the blood-brain barrier. All animal studies were reviewed and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (No. 2020B071). The above compounds contributed the quantitative preparation quality markers of ZBSBW. In conclusion, the HPLC-MS/MS method established in this study was sensitive, accurate and rapid, and could be used for simultaneous quantification of 34 compounds and content consistency evaluation of multiple batches of preparations in ZBSBW. The result provided a methodological basis for the screening of quantitative preparation quality markers and material basis research of ZBSBW.

5.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 19-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA detection in screening patients with hepatitis B.Methods:Clinical data of 682 331 hepatitis B patients were retrospectively analyzed. The HBV DNA of these patients was detected in the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021, there were 481 159 males and 201 172 females in this cohort, the average age was (41.34±16.13) years. Patients were divided into HBV DNA positive group (219 879 cases) and HBV DNA negative group (462 452 cases). Clinical characteristics, data of five serologic markers of hepatitis B and hepatitis B surface antigen quantification (HBsAg-QN), liver function, alpha fetoprotein (AFP) and prothrombin time (PT) results were collected and analyzed and compared between the two groups.Results:The positive rate of HBV DNA was 32.22% (219 879/682 331) in this cohort. Among the different age groups, the positive rate of HBV DNA was the highest (40.34%, 128 038/317 380) in young people aged 18-44 years. The proportion of patients was lower among aged <1, 45-59 and ≥60 years patients in HBV DNA positive group than that in HBV DNA negative group, while the proportion of patients was higher among aged 1-17 and 18-44 years patients in HBV DNA positive group than that in HBV DNA negative group (all P<0.001). Among 2 291 <1-year-old infants tested for HBV DNA, 71 infants were HBV DNA positive. The positive rates of HBV DNA from 2017 to 2021 were 4.86% (27/556), 3.68% (14/380), 3.47% (17/490), 1.55% (6/386) and 1.46% (7/479) respectively, showing a downward trend year by year. The positive rate of HBV DNA in acute hepatitis B (AHB) patients was the highest (49.88%, 208/417) among 680 040 patients with hepatitis B. The proportion of AHB patients (0.09%, 208/219 808) and chronic hepatitis B (80.44%, 176 806/219 808) in HBV DNA positive group was higher than that in HBV DNA negative group [0.05% (209/460 232) and 65.45% (301, 216/460 232)], while the proportion of patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis (11.28%, 24 793/219 808), HBV-related liver cancer (6.72%, 14 775/219 808), liver cancer surgery (1.39%, 3 055/219 808) and liver transplantation (0.08%, 171/219 808) were lower than that in HBV DNA negative group [22.99% (105 813/460 232), 7.25% (33 385/460 232), 3.50% (16 129/460 232) and 0.76% (3 480/460 232)] (all P<0.001). At the same time, positive rate of hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg), HBsAg-QN, hepatitis B e antigen (HbeAg), level of total bilirubin, total bilirubin, AFP and PT were higher in HBV DNA positive group than those in HBV DNA negative group, while the age, male ratio and albumin results in HBV DNA positive group were lower than those in HBV DNA negative group (all P<0.01). The HBV DNA loads were higher in HBsAg positive group, hepatitis B surface antibody positive group and HBeAg positive group than those in respective negative groups, while the HBV DNA loads were lower in hepatitis B e antibody positive group and hepatitis B core antibody positive group than those in respective negative groups (all P<0.001). Conclusions:The mother to child transmission rate of<1-year-old infants decreases year by year. HBV DNA is an important factor for the progression of hepatitis B disease. HBV DNA positive hepatitis B patients with higher HBsAg-QN values are more likely to have abnormal serum markers such as liver dysfunction. HBV DNA detection is therefore of clinical importance in screening patients with hepatitis B.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 453-457, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the characteristics and influencing factors of coping styles of clinical ophthalmic interns under psychological stress, so as to provide scientific basis for promoting the mental health development of medical students.Methods:In 2019, 103 students of Sun Yat-sen University who participated in clinical practice of ophthalmology were investigated by cluster sampling with general situation questionnaire and simple coping style questionnaire. The database was established by Epidata, and the data was statistically analyzed by SPSS 25.0 software.Results:The scores of positive coping and negative coping were (1.70±0.10) and (1.30±0.05) respectively, which were all lower than the norm ( P < 0.001). The scores of non first time practice students were 0.087 points higher than those of first time practice students; the scores of eight-year students were 0.124 points higher than those of five-year students; the scores of positive coping increased by 0.015 points for each level of family income increase. Men scored 0.027 points higher than women in negative coping scores; eight-year students scored 0.053 points lower than five-year students in negative coping scores; family income increased by one grade, negative coping scores decreased by 0.017 points; rural registered residence students scored 0.035 points higher than urban registered residence students in negative coping scores; non first practice students scored 0.074 points higher than the first practice students in negative coping scores. Conclusion:Educators should pay close attention to the coping styles of clinical ophthalmic interns, carry out mental health education and guidance of coping methods according to the characteristics of different groups, take effective measures to improve students' stress coping ability and promote the smooth development of clinical practice in ophthalmology.

7.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 437-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005852

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effects of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) on procalcitonin (PCT), renal function and inflammatory index levels in patients with indinavir-induced urinary calculi so as to provide reference for clinical practice. 【Methods】 A total of 77 patients with urinary calculi admitted to the Department of Urology of our hospital from January 2017 to January 2021 were selected for retrospective analysis. They were divided into control group (38 cases, non-indinavir related urinary calculi) and observation group (39 cases, indinavir-related urinary calculi) according to the years of the disease. Before treatment and 7 days after treatment, the serum levels of PCT, CRP, Scr, UA, Kim1, VAS scores, and IgG, IgM, MDA, and SOD levels were compared between the two groups. 【Results】 The expressions of serum PCT and CRP at 7 days after treatment in the two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment, and the improvement degree of the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P0.05), but the intraoperative blood loss and MAP 20 min after induction of anesthesia were significantly better than those in the control group. Seven days after treatment, GSH-Px and SOD were significantly better in the observation group than in the control group and before treatment (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 ESWL treatment for patients with indinavir-induced urinary calculi can effectively reduce the expressions of serum PCT and CRP, improve renal function indexes, reduce intraoperative blood loss, and reduce the level of inflammatory indexes; the clinical effect is good.

8.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1260-1265, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005590

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the relationship between the moral courage of nurses in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and the hospital ethical climate, and to provide a theoretical basis for enhancing the moral courage of ICU nurses. 【Methods:】 A total of 468 ICU nurses from 8 tertiary A hospitals in Shaanxi Province were selected as the subjects by convenience sampling method, and the General Information Form, Hospital Ethical Climate Survey, and Nurses’ Moral Courage Scale were used for the questionnaire survey. 【Results:】 A total of 468 questionnaires were distributed and 463 valid questionnaires were returned, with an effective recovery rate of 98.93%. The score of hospital ethical climate for ICU nurses was (100.69±19.76), and the score of moral courage was (83.67±15.48). There was a positive correlation between hospital ethical climate and moral courage (r=0.866, P<0.001). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that hospital ethical climate entered the influencing factor model of ICU nurses’ moral courage, which can independently explain 57% of the variation in ICU nurses’ moral courage. 【Conclusion:】 The moral courage of ICU nurses was at a medium level, and positively correlated with the hospital ethical climate, that is, the better the hospital ethical climate perceived by ICU nurses, the higher their level of moral courage. Nursing managers should focus on deepening the hospital ethical climate, and enhance the level of hospital ethical climate through scientific methods to promote the improvement of ICU nurses’ moral courage.

9.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1209-1213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003802

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the causal relationship between acromegaly and colon cancer by using two-sample Mendelian randomization. Methods Genetic loci closely related to acromegaly in the whole genome-wide association study (GWAS) were selected as tool variables, and the genetic data of colon cancer from different GWASs were analyzed by two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR).The inverse variance weighting method (IVW) of the random effect model was used for analysis, and MR-weighted median and MR-Egger methods were used to supplement the analysis. Results were presented as OR values. Results Four SNPs closely related to acromegaly were obtained as tool variables, and the multiplicity test of tool variables showed that P=0.59.Three methods were used to estimate causal effects.The IVW analysis were OR=1.00(0.99-1.001) and P=0.42;the MR-Egger analysis results were OR=1.00(0.99-1.001) and P=0.42;and the Weighted median analysis results were OR=1.00(1.00-1.001) and P=0.03.The sensitivity test showed that the confidence interval of the tool variable SNP passed through 0, indicating the robustness of the MR results. Conclusion Acromegaly is not an independent risk factor for colon cancer.

10.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 976-981, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003483

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the monitoring status and epidemiological characteristics of foodborne disease pathogens in Baoshan District, Shanghai so as to improve early detection and warning capabilities of foodborne diseases outbreaks, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of foodborne diseases. MethodsAnal swabs or fecal samples from food-borne diarrhea cases were collected from two sentinel surveillance medical institutions in Baoshan District of Shanghai during 2019 and 2021. Salmonella, diarrheagenic Escherichia coli, Shigella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, campylobacter and norovirus were tested in anal swabs and fecal samples, and all the testing results were statistically analyzed. ResultsA total of 1 693 cases were reported, among which 1 693 anal swabs and fecal samples were collected, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.04∶1. The largest number of cases was from the age group of 45-64 years (504 cases). The highest number of reported cases was among retirees (762 cases). The high-incidence period of the diseases was in summer and autumn, with the highest number of cases associated with meat and meat products (566 cases). The primary location of exposure was at home (1 260 cases). The detection rate of pathogenic bacteria and virus was 21.32%, among which campylobacter accounted for the largest proportion (10.28%). The peak incidence rate was from May to September. The detection rate of norovirus was 13.29%, with a higher incidence in winter and spring. The predominant serotype of Salmonella was Salmonella enteritidis (41.82%), and the predominant local serotype of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli was EAEC (50.52%). Campylobacter was mainly represented by jejuni (81.61%), and the predominant type of norovirus was GⅡ (60.87%). ConclusionCampylobacter has the highest proportion among foodborne pathogens causing foodborne diseases in Baoshan District, followed by diarrheogenic Escherichia coli. And norovirus GⅡ type is the predominant virus. Appropriate prevention and control measures should be taken based on the characteristics of each pathogen's epidemiology.

11.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 390-396, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986732

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of artificial intelligence (AI) cytology combined with DNA-image cytometry (DNA-ICM) auxiliary diagnostic system for the identification of benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites. Methods Liquid-based cytology technology (LCT), DNA-ICM, AI, and AI combined with DNA-ICM were used to identify benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites specimens in 360 cases, and their sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, Kappa value, Youden index and AUC were statistically analyzed. Results The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of AI combined with DNA-ICM in detecting benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites were 95.23%, 94.12%, and 94.44%, respectively, which were higher than those of the three other separate detection methods (all P < 0.05). The kappa values of LCT, DNA-ICM, and AI were 0.646, 0.642, and 0.586; their Youden index values were 0.693, 0.687, and 0.676, and their AUC values were 0.846, 0.843, and 0.838, respectively. The Kappa value of AI combined with DNA-ICM was 0.869, the Youden index was 0.893, and AUC was 0.947, which were all higher than those of the three detection methods alone. Conclusion Among the three separate detection methods, LCT has the highest reliability, authenticity, and diagnostic value, and it can be used as a common method for the clinical identification of benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites. The diagnostic performance of AI combined with DNA-ICM auxiliary diagnosis system in identifying benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites is better than those of the three separate detection methods and can be used as a reliable method for the clinical identification of benign and malignant pleural effusion and ascites.

12.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 868-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985489

ABSTRACT

Objective: This article investigated the clinical characteristics and distribution of drug resistance mutation sites in HBV RT region of hepatitis B infected patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on 1 948 patients with HBV infection, who had been tested for NAs resistance mutation and had a medical history of NAs in the Laboratory Department of the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021. Basic clinical information and drug resistance related mutation information were recorded. Meanwhile, the serological index data of hepatitis B were collected. Drug resistance gene mutant group and non-mutated group were grouped according to whether the drug resistance genes had a mutation in HBV RT region, and the clinical characteristics and genotype distribution of the two groups were statistically analyzed. The pattern of drug resistance gene mutation, number of mutation sites, drug resistance type and mutation of NAs resistance-related sites were analyzed in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region. χ2 Inspection was used for counting data. Meanwhile, two independent samples t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for measurement data. Results: Among the 1 948 patients with chronic HBV infection, 917 patients had drug resistance gene mutation in RT region (47.07%). The proportion of patients with acute hepatitis B and CHB in HBV RT resistance gene mutant group was lower than that in the non-mutated group, while the proportion of patients with HBV-related cirrhosis was higher than that in the non-mutated group, these differences were statistically significant. Compared with the non-mutated group in HBV RT region, the age, the positive rates of HBeAg and HBV DNA, and HBV DNA load of these patients were increased in drug resistance gene mutant group, these differences were statistically significant. Genotypes of patients in both groups were dominated by C, followed by B and D. The proportion of patients with genotype C in HBV RT drug resistance gene mutant group was higher than that of non-mutated group, the difference was statistically significant. There were 53 gene mutation patterns in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region, and the main pattern was rtL180M+rtM204V+rtS202G (9.70%). The mutation sites were dominated by 3 (20.74%). There were 5 types of drug resistance, LAM+Ldt (21.25%) was the most. Among the 18 sites that were clearly associated with LAM, ADV, ETV and Ldt resistance in the HBV RT region, 14 sites were mutated, and the most common mutation sites were rtL180M, rtM204V, rtM204 and rtS202G. what's more, the proportion of patients with NAs drug resistance was LAM>Ldt>ETV>ADV. Conclusion: In order to prevent adverse consequences of this study such as disease recurrence or disease progression caused by HBV drug resistance, HBV infected patients, who have long-term use of NAs antiviral therapy, should monitor the level of HBV DNA and drug resistance genes in HBV RT region in order to optimize the treatment plan in time or guide individualized treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Lamivudine/therapeutic use
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5898-5907, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008788

ABSTRACT

This study aims to reveal the endogenous metabolic characteristics of acteoside in the young rat model of purinomycin aminonucleoside nephropathy(PAN) by non-targeted urine metabolomics and decipher the potential mechanism of action. Biochemical indicators in the urine of rats from each group were determined by an automatic biochemical analyzer. The potential biomarkers and related core metabolic pathways were identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS) combined with principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA). MetaboAnalyst 5.0 was used to establish the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve for evaluating the clinical diagnostic performance of core metabolites. The results showed that acteoside significantly decreased urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio in PAN young rats. A total of 17 differential metabolites were screened out by non-targeted urine metabolomics in PAN young rats and they were involved in phenylalanine metabolism and phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis. Thirtten differential metabolites were screened by acteoside intervention in PAN young rats, and they were involved in phenylalanine metabolism and arginine and proline metabolism. Among them, leucylproline and acetophenone were the differential metabolites that were significantly recovered after acteoside treatment. These pathways suggest that acteoside treats PAN in young rats by regulating amino acid metabolism. The area under the curve of two core biomarkers, leucylproline and acetophenone, were both greater than 0.9. In summary, acteoside may restore amino acid metabolism by regulating endogenous differential metabolites in PAN young rats, which will help to clarify the mechanism of acteoside in treating chronic glomerulonephritis in children. The characteristic biomarkers screened out have a high diagnostic value for evaluating the treatment of chronic glomerulonephritis in children with acteoside.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Rats , Animals , Puromycin Aminonucleoside , Metabolomics/methods , Biomarkers/urine , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Acetophenones , Glomerulonephritis , Phenylalanine , Amino Acids
14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 80-84, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) combined with inhalation of pulmonary surfactant (PS) using vibrating mesh nebulizers in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).Methods:A prospective study was performed on premature infants with RDS admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College between December 2020 and June 2021. They were randomly assigned into vibrating mesh atomization technology group and intubation-surfactant-extubation (INSURE) technology group. The two groups were treated with NCPAP combined with PS. PS in the vibrating mesh atomization technology group was inhaled into the lungs by the new vibrating mesh atomization technology, while PS in the INSURE group was injected into the lungs by endotracheal tube. The pH value, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2), oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2), mechanical ventilation via endotracheal tube (MVET) demand rate, duration of respiratory support, secondary use of PS, complications, and hospital mortality were compared between the two groups. The occurrences of adverse events in the two groups were recorded. Results:A total of 42 preterm infants were finally enrolled, including 20 cases in the vibrating mesh atomization technology group and 22 cases in the INSURE technology group. There were no significant differences in blood gas analysis and PaO 2/FiO 2 before PS administration between the two groups. One hour after PS administration, blood gas analysis and PaO 2/FiO 2 were significantly improved in both groups. Compared with the INSURE technology group, the improvement of PaO 2/FiO 2 was more obvious in the vibrating mesh atomization technology group [mmHg (1 mmHg≈0.133 kPa): 198±34 vs. 173±39, P < 0.05], but no significant difference in pH value or PaCO 2 was found between the two groups. The duration of respiratory support in the vibrating mesh atomization technology group was significantly shorter than that in the INSURE technology group (hours: 96±13 vs. 120±18, P < 0.01), but there was no statistical difference in MVET demand rate [5.0% (1/20) vs. 13.6% (3/22), P > 0.05]. The incidence of periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PVH-IVH) in the vibrating mesh atomization technology group was less than that in the INSURE technology group [0% (0/20) vs. 18.2% (4/22)], but no statistical difference was found ( P > 0.05). No significant differences in the secondary use rate of PS and incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or other complications were found between the vibrating mesh atomization technology group and the INSURE technology group [5.0% (1/20) vs. 9.1% (2/22), 5.0% (1/20) vs. 4.5% (1/22), both P > 0.05]. There were no deaths or serious adverse events such as pneumothorax, pulmonary hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in both groups. Conclusion:Compared with the INSURE technique, NCPAP combined with vibrating mesh atomization technology was also effective and safe in the treatment of RDS, which could significantly improve PaO 2/FiO 2 and shorten the duration of respiratory support. Thus, it was worthy of clinical popularization and application.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 748-753, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible role and clinical significance of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in intrahepatic bile duct epithelial cells (IBDECs) in biliary atresia (BA).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on expression level of VDR in IBDECs of 38 BA children who underwent Kasai surgery in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University and the Children′s Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2019.Expression level of VDR in IBDECs of 38 children with BA was detected by immunohistochemical staining, and that in children with choledochal cysts was detected as negative control.Masson staining was performed to examine the degree of liver fibrosis.The correlation between the expression level of VDR in IBDECs of children with BA, and the degree of liver fibrosis during operation, the incidence of refractory cholangitis after Kasai portoenterostomy and the survival time of autologous liver was analyzed.Human intrahepatic bile duct epithelial cells (HiBECs) were induced with dsRNA virus infection by polyinosinic acid-polycytidylic acid [Poly(I∶C)] in vitro, followed by detection of cell activity, apoptosis and VDR level.The differences between 2 independent groups were analyzed using Student t test.The relationship between the expression of VDR and clinicopathologic characteristics was conducted with χ2 test or Fisher′ s test.The Kaplan- Meier survival curve was used to analyze the differences in the survival time of autologous liver after Kasai in BA children with different VDR expression levels. Results:A total of 38 children with BA were included in this study.Among them, 23 cases showed no significant decrease of VDR protein level in IBDECs, and 15 cases showed a significant decrease in IBDECs.Compared with BA children without a significant decrease in VDR level in IBDECs, much severer liver fibrosis ( P<0.001) and significantly higher incidence of refractory cholangitis after Kasai procedure ( P=0.017) were detected in those with a significant decrease in VDR level.Compared with the control group, BA children with significantly lower VDR expression levels in HiBECs had a shorter autologous liver survival time ( P=0.030). Poly (I∶C) increased the apoptotic rate of HiBECs ( P<0.000 1) and decreased cell activity of HiBECs ( P<0.05), which significantly stimulated the secretion of inflammatory factors (interferon, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6) in the culture medium of HiBECs ( P<0.001). Poly (I∶C) significantly decreased the expression level of VDR protein in HiBECs ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Poly (I∶C) causes HiBECs damage and decreases VDR expression level in HiBECs of BA children, and the significantly decreased VDR expression level in IBDECs may be a marker of poor prognosis of BA.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 519-525, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957875

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an evaluation index system for the management ability of general practice team leaders in community health service centers.Methods:Based on literature review, key insider interviews and other methods, the framework and indicator pool for management capability of general practice team leaders were formed. Two rounds of Delphi consultations with 15 experts were conducted from July to October 2021, and the evaluation index system of general practice team leaders' management ability established.Results:All 15 experts had at least 5 years of work experience, including 10 engaging in clinical general practice, 3 in public health and 2 in community management. The response rates for the two rounds of expert consultation was 15/15, and the expert authority coefficient was 0.84, with Kendall's W coefficient of 0.35 ( P<0.001) and 0.46 ( P<0.001), respectively. Finally, the evaluation index system of the management ability of general practice team leaders was established, which consisted of 5 primary indicators (personal quality, special business management, organizational management, teaching and research management, strategy and culture building), 11 secondary indicators and 37 tertiary indicators. Conclusions:The management capability evaluation index system general practitioner team leaders of the community health centers has been established in this stu, which may be used for the training and selection of general practice team leaders in the community health centers.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 480-483, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922908

ABSTRACT

Recombinant humanized anti-ricin monoclonal antibody (MIL50) is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody targeting ricin. In this study, an ELISA method was used to establish a method for the determination of MIL50 in macaque serum, and a cross design method was used. Twelve rhesus monkeys were intravenously injected 1 mg·kg-1 test preparation (MIL50 freeze-died powder injection) and reference preparation (MIL50 liquid preparation) to determine the plasma concentration of MIL50 at different time points, and the pharmacokinetic parameters were analyzed to compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics of MIL50 liquid preparation and freeze-died powder injection in rhesus monkeys. Animal welfare and experimental procedures follow the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Use of Laboratory Animals and the regulations derived by the Animal Care and Welfare Committee of the Institute of Radiation Medicine, Academy of Military Medical Sciences (IACUC-DWZX-2020-503). The results showed that there was no significant difference between Cmax and AUC0-5d in the two groups. The liquid preparation was the reference preparation, with Cmax ratio of 101.6% and AUC0-5d ratio of 101.9%, the 90% confidence interval of Cmax was 79.42%-129.92%, and the 90% confidence interval of AUC0-5d was 85.72%-121.18%. These results suggested that different dosage forms of MIL50 had certain differences in the changes of blood drug concentration in rhesus monkeys.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2027-2033, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942655

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of action of integrin α4 (ITGA4) in liver fibrosis based on the anti-liver fibrosis effect of sticky sugar amino acid (SSAA) in rats. Methods A rat model of liver fibrosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of CCl 4 , and then colchicine and low-, middle-, and high-dose SSAA were used for intervention, with blank control group and SSAA group as control. After 12 weeks of experimental intervention, serum and liver samples were collected to measure the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and HE staining and Sirius Red staining were used to observe the pathological conditions of liver tissue; quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the transcriptional level of ITGA4, integrin β1 (ITGB1), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ1), alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and TIMP2 in liver tissue; Western blot was used to measure the relative protein expression levels of ITGA4, ITGB1, TGFβ1, α-SMA, MMP2, TIMP1, and TIMP2; immunohistochemistry was used to observe the protein expression of TGFβ1 and α-SMA. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for comparison between two groups. Results There were significant increases in AST and ALT in the CCl 4 model group, and intervention with colchicine or low-, middle-, and high-dose SSAA reduced the levels of AST and ALT, with a significant difference between the CCl 4 model group and the other groups (all P < 0.05). HE staining and Sirius Red staining showed disordered structure of hepatic lobules and an increase in collagen fibers in the CCl 4 model group, and the structure of hepatic lobules was improved after intervention with colchicine or low-, middle-, and high-dose SSAA. The CCl 4 model group had significantly higher transcriptional levels of ITGA4, TGFβ1, α-SMA, and TIMP2 than the other groups, and there were significant reductions in the transcriptional levels of each factor after intervention with colchicine or SSAA, with a significant difference between the CCl 4 model group and the other groups (all P < 0.05). The CCl 4 model group had significantly higher protein expression levels of ITGA4, TGFβ1, α-SMA, TIMP2, and TIMP1 and a significantly lower protein expression level of MMP2 than the other groups, and intervention with colchicine or SSAA inhibited the expression of ITGA4, TGFβ1, α-SMA, TIMP2, and TIMP1 and promoted the expression of MMP2. Immunohistochemistry showed that the CCl 4 model group had significantly higher expression levels of TGFβ1 and α-SMA than the other groups, which was inhibited by intervention with colchicine or SSAA. The high-dose SSAA group had the most significant effect in reducing aminotransferases, improving lobular structure, and inhibiting the protein expression of liver fibrosis factors. Conclusion The high expression of ITGA4 in the liver is associated with the development of liver fibrosis, which is consistent with the increases in the expression of TGFβ1 and α-SMA. Inhibiting the expression of ITGA4 can provide more therapeutic targets for liver fibrosis and expand the anti-liver fibrosis mechanism of SSAA.

19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1-12, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the pharmacological mechanism of Bushen Huatan (BSHT) recipe in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).@*METHODS@#The active ingredients in the component drugs of the recipe were screened through TCMSP, and their potential targets were predicted by PubChem and Swiss target prediction. Genecards and OMIM were used to screen the therapeutic targets in the treatment of PCOS. The drug targets and disease targets were corrected using Uniprot, and the intersection targets were obtained. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using STRING, and the intersection targets were analyzed with CytoNCA to screen the core targets. DAVID was used for GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, and the core components and core targets were verified using AutoDock. Animal experiment was performed to verify the results using a female C57BL/6J mouse model of PCOS, treated daily with 1 mg/kg BSHT recipe granule for 35 days, and the ovarian expressions of the core targets and pathways were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#We identified a total of 125 potential active ingredients from the 14 component drugs in the recipe, 990 drug targets, 4759 PCOS targets and 434 intersection targets. The core active ingredients of the recipe included β -Sitosterol, kaempferol, and quercetin, whose core targets included PIK3CA, PIK3R1, APP, AKT1, and MAPK1. GO enrichment analysis highlighted such processes as drug reaction, negative regulation of apoptosis, and positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter. The enriched KEGG pathways included primarily the cancer pathway and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed that the core active ingredients had strong binding ability with the core targets. In the animal experiment, BSHT recipe was shown to improve the symptoms, down-regulate the expressions of PI3K and Akt proteins and up-regulate MAPK1 expression in the ovary of mice with PCOS.@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic mechanism of BSHT recipe for PCOS involves multiple active ingredients, multiple therapeutic targets and multiple pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/drug therapy
20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 77-80, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effects of clinical application of free anterolateral thigh perforator lobulated flap in repair of electrical burn wounds on head based on the concept of donor site protection. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. Eight patients with electrical burns with huge scalp defects and exposed skulls were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, from May 2017 to December 2019, who were all males, aged 21-57 (39±13) years, sustaining multiple deep partial thickness to full-thickness electrical burns to 5%-14% total body surface area. Among the scalp burn sites of the patients, 1 case was posterior occipital, 2 cases were parietal occipital, 4 cases were parietal temporal, and 1 case was frontotemporal. After debridement, the defect area was 10 cm×9 cm-16 cm×14 cm. The incision area of the free anterolateral thigh perforator lobulated flap was 22 cm×6 cm-30 cm×9 cm. The artery and vein of flap were anastomosed with superficial temporal artery and vein or facial artery and vein, and the other vein of skin flap was anastomosed with superficial vein of recipient area. The donor site of skin flap was closed by layer interrupted tension-reducing suture. After the operation, the survival of flop, donor site wound healing and complications were observed. The flap appearance, wound healing of donor sites, long-term complications and functional recovery of donor sites were observed on follow-up. Results: After the operation, the flaps of 8 patients survived completely without vascular crisis. The donor sites of flaps in all the patients healed well with no osteofascial compartment syndrome. Seven patients were followed up for 3 to 12 months, and 1 case was lost to follow up. During follow-up, the flaps of the patients' heads were in good appearance but with alopecia. The donor sites showed linear scars, which were well hidden. There were no significant differences in sensory and motor functions between the two sides, and no complications were found such as muscle hernia. Conclusions: Free anterolateral thigh perforator lobulated flap has a good clinical effect in the early repair of electrical burn wounds with huge scalp defect and skull exposure on head, and the donor wounds can be directly closed and sutured, greatly reducing the damage to the donor area.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Burns, Electric/surgery , Perforator Flap , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Thigh/surgery , Treatment Outcome
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