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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 962-968, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993021

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between the tortuosity of the internal carotid artery and the formation of internal carotid aneurysms.Methods:The clinical data of patients with suspected cerebrovascular disease admitted to the Jinling Hospital from July 2009 to March 2017 were retrospectively collected. All patients underwent head CT angiography and digital subtraction angiography. Patients with single internal carotid artery aneurysm were classified as the aneurysm group, and patients without obvious abnormal vascular disease were classified as the control group. The demographic information of the patients, including age, gender, history of hypertension and diabetes, were collected. The size of the aneurysm and the tortuosity parameters of the internal carotid artery were measured, including the classification of the tortuosity of internal carotid artery, anterior genu angle (A angle), posterior genu angle (P angle), sum of the angles of A angle and P angle (AP angle) and height difference of anterior genu and posterior genu (D value). SPSS software was used for propensity score matching (PSM). Independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test or χ 2 test, Fisher exact test were used to compare the differences of each parameter between the two groups. Spearman analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the tortuosity and aneurysm size. A multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of aneurysm formation and to predict the formation of internal carotid aneurysm. The receiver operating characteristic curve and the area under the curve were used for model performance. Results:After PSM, 108 patients were included in each group. The proportion of tortuous internal carotid artery in the aneurysm group was lower than that in the control group [19.4% (21/108) vs. 32.4% (35/108), χ 2=4.72, P=0.030]. A, P and AP angles in the aneurysm group were significantly larger than those in the control group ( U=7 105.50, P=0.006; U=7 139.00, P=0.004; t=-3.14, P=0.002). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that AP angle (OR=1.010, 95%CI 1.003-1.016, P=0.002) was an independent risk factor for aneurysm formation. The area under the curves of logistic regression model based on AP angle was 0.624 (95%CI 0.549-0.699). There was a weak correlation between the size of internal carotid artery aneurysm and AP angle ( r=0.210, P=0.002). Conclusions:The tortuosity of the internal carotid artery is associated with the formation of internal carotid artery aneurysms, and the AP angle is an independent risk factor for the formation of internal carotid artery aneurysms, and a weak positive correlation with the size of the aneurysm is observed. It provides a new idea for understanding the formation of internal carotid artery aneurysms from the morphological characteristics of the parent artery.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991442

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application effect of simulation teaching in basic nursing practical teaching for undergraduates.Methods:A total of 271 nursing undergraduate intern students in the classes of 2018 and 2019 were selected as subjects, among whom 135 students in the class of 2018 were established as control group and 136 students in the class of 2019 were established as experimental group. The students in the control group received conventional practical training, and those in the experimental group received simulation teaching. The two groups were compared in terms of test scores and self-efficacy scores after practical teaching, and a questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the degree of satisfaction with practical teaching among students. SPSS 20.0 was used for the t-test and the chi-square test. Results:Compared with the control group, the experimental group had significantly higher average scores of theoretical examination (88.78±5.17 vs. 82.04±4.36, P<0.05) and practical examination (96.90±5.05 vs. 90.48±5.34, P<0.05), as well as a significantly higher self-efficacy score (29.80±3.83 vs. 28.76±2.75, P<0.05). The experimental group had a significantly higher degree of satisfaction with clinical teaching than the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Simulation teaching can effectively increase the practical score of nursing students, enhance their sense of self-efficacy, and improve their satisfaction with clinical teaching.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969865

ABSTRACT

Objective: Exploring the mediating effect of perceived social support between the maternal personality traits and pregnancy-related anxiety. Methods: Singleton pregnant women who underwent antenatal checkups in the obstetrics department of general hospital affiliated to Ningxia Medical University from July to December 2021 were enrolled in this study to investigate perceived social support, pregnancy-related anxiety and conscious personality traits. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the association between the maternal personality traits, perceived social support, and pregnancy-related anxiety, and the mediating effect of perceived social support was analyzed using Bootstrap method. Results: A total of 1 259 subjects were included in the study, of which 170 (13.50%) pregnant women felt introverted. The total score of perceived social support was (46.37±8.38), and 31.45% of pregnant women had high perceived social support. The total score of pregnancy-related anxiety was (21.48±5.53). The score of worry about fetal health was (10.09±3.24), and 368 (29.23%) of pregnant women had pregnancy-related anxiety. Maternal personality traits and pregnancy-related anxiety were negatively correlated (r=-0.076, P<0.05) and positively correlated with perceived social support during pregnancy (r= 0.127, P<0.05). Perceived social support during pregnancy and pregnancy-related anxiety were negatively correlated (r=-0.236, P<0.05). Perceived social support partially mediated the relationship between the maternal personality traits and pregnancy-related anxiety, with a relative effect value of 37.50%. Conclusion: The maternal personality traits, level of perceived social support and pregnancy-related anxiety are all related. Perceived social support could mediate the relationship between the maternal personality traits and pregnancy-related anxiety.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Anxiety , Pregnant Women , Personality , Social Support , Prenatal Care
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973181

ABSTRACT

@#The rapid advances in technology and medicine have greatly facilitated the application of ionizing radiation. Clinically, radiotherapy is one of the major treatments for malignant tumors. However, besides killing tumor cells, ionizing radiation inevitably leads to radiation damage and even death of normal cells. How ionizing radiation causes cell death and the forms of cell death have always been important research topics in this field. Recently, several forms of cell death induced by irradiation have been discovered. Apart from apoptosis, pyroptosis, necroptosis, ferroptosis, autophagic cell death, and methuosis have gradually become research hotspots, and provide new targets for the development of radioprotective drugs and radiosensitizers. In this review, we summarize various forms of ionizing radiation-induced cell death and related molecular mechanisms. We also introduce the latest progress in radiation protection and radiosensitization based on these cell death mechanisms. This review will provide a reference for the research and development of radioprotective drugs and radiosensitizers in the future.

5.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1188-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972150

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To understand the distribution and drug resistance of common pathogens of fungal bloodstream infection in Sichuan, and to provide reference for clinicians to empirically treat fungal bloodstream infection. Methods From November 1, 2019 to December 31, 2020, fungal strains isolated from blood culture of patients diagnosed with bloodstream infection in 19 tertiary first-class general hospitals in Sichuan Province were collected for mass spectrometry identification and drug susceptibility, and the results were statistically analyzed, along with a retrospective analysis of clinical data. Results A total of 255 fungal strains were received and identified by mass spectrometry, 215 strains of Candida spp (84.3%), 28 strains of Cryptococcus neoformans (11.0%), 4 strains of Talaromyces marneffei (1.6%) and 8 strains of others (3.1%). Among the Candida spp 90 strains of Candida albicans, 39 strains of Candida parapsilosis complex, 36 strains of Candida glabrata, 33 strains of Candida tropicalis, 8 strains of Candida guilliermondii, and 9 strains of other Candida. In the department, the ICU was predominant, accounting for 35.7%. The top four Candida (Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis complex, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis) were analyzed for drug sensitivity, Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis complex group were more sensitive to antifungal drugs, the sensitivity rates of Candida albicans to fluconazole, voriconazole, anidulafungin, caspofungin, micarafungin were 89.2%, 92.8%, 97.6%, 97.6%, 96.4%, respectively. The sensitivity rates of Candida parapsilosis to fluconazole and voriconazole were 89.7% and 94.9%, and to anidulafungin, caspofungin and micafungin were all 100%. Echinocandins had stronger antibacterial activity against Candida spp., Candida parapsilosis complex and Candida tropicalis had 100% sensitivity to echinocandins, Candida albicans had more than 95% sensitivity to echinocandins, and Candida glabrata had about 90% sensitivity to echinocandins. Candida tropicalis was less sensitive to fluconazole and voriconazole with 66.7% and 54.5%, and the sensitivity of Candida glabrata to fluconazole was mainly concentrated in susceptible dose dependent (SDD), accounting for 91.4%. The four Candida species did not show resistance to amphotericin B, all of them showed wild-type strains, Candida tropicalis showed the highest non-wild-type rate to posaconazole and itraconazole with 21.2% and 36.4%, and the drug sensitivity results of Cryptococcus neoformans showed that 4 out of 23 strains showed resistance to amphotericin B (non-wild-type) and 3 strains showed resistance to fluconazole (non-wild-type). Conclusions The fungus of bloodstream infection is mainly Candida spp.. Among of them, Candida albicans accounts for the highest percentage, echinocandins have good antibacterial effect on Candida, Candida is sensitive to amphotericin B as wild type, but Candida tropicalis has slightly higher resistance rate to fluconazole and voriconazole, and the non-wild type rate of Cryptococcus neoformans to amphotericin B is increasing, and clinicians should pay high attention to the rational use of antifungal drugs.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the current status of sleep initiation patterns, influencing factors for sleep initiation patterns, and the influence of sleep initiation patterns on sleep quality in infants and young children.@*METHODS@#A total of 521 infants and young children, aged 0-35 months, who underwent physical examination at the outpatient service of the Department of Growth and Development in Shenzhen Bao'an Women's and Children's Hospital Affiliated to Jinan University were enrolled as subjects. A self-designed questionnaire and Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire were used to collect the information on family background, parenting behaviors, and sleep quality in the past one week. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the influencing factors for sleep initiation patterns. A multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the influence of sleep initiation patterns on the number of nighttime awakenings.@*RESULTS@#Among the 521 infants and young children, 258 (49.5%) were breastfed/bottle fed to initiate sleep, 62 (11.9%) were rocked/held to initiate sleep, 39 (7.5%) slept independently, and 162 (31.1%) initiated sleep accompanied by parents. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the children with breastfeeding and a younger age were more likely to be breastfed/bottle fed to initiate sleep (P<0.05) and that the children with a younger age were also more likely to be rocked/held to initiate sleep (P<0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis showed that sleep initiation with breastfeeding/bottle feeding significantly increased the number of nighttime awakenings (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most infants and young children initiate sleep by being breastfed/bottle fed, rocked/held, or accompanied. The sleep initiation pattern is associated with the age of children and whether they are still breastfeeding. Sleep initiation with breastfeeding/bottle feeding can increase the number of nighttime awakenings. io.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Breast Feeding , Cognition , Parents , Sleep , Sleep Quality
7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1512-1515, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of inhibition of interleukin-6 (IL-6) trans-signaling on sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) in mice.Methods:Eighty healthy male C57BL/6J mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 22-24 g, were divided into 4 groups using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group, n=10), SAE group ( n=35), SAE plus sgp130Fc group ( n=25) and sgp130Fc group ( n=10). Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in anesthetized animals.Sham and sgp130Fc groups received no CLP.In group sgp130Fc and group SAE+ sgp130Fc, sgp130Fc 0.5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 h after sham operation or CLP.The survival rates, body weight and neurological function scores were recorded within 1-10 days after sham operation or CLP.Four mice in each group were selected at 24 h after sham operation or CLP to detect the expression of occlusin in hippocampus by Western blot.Five mice in each group were selected to measure cognitive function using Morris water maze test at day 4 after sham operation or CLP. Results:Compared with group Sham, the survival mice, body weight and neurological function scores on days 2-10 after CLP were significantly decreased, the expression of occludin was down-regulated, the frequency of crossing the original platform was decreased, and the time spent in target quadrant was shortened in group SAE ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the indexes mentioned above in group sgp130Fc ( P>0.05). Compared with group SAE, the survival rate and neurological function scores on days 3-10 after CLP were significantly increased, the expression of occludin was up-regulated, the frequency of crossing the original platform was increased, and the time spent in target quadrant was prolonged ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in body weight in group SAE+ sgp130Fc ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Inhibition of IL-6 trans-signaling can reduce the damage to the blood brain barrier and SAE in mice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 501-505, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939738

ABSTRACT

Clinical trials of anti-tumor drugs is not only the important way to develop new drugs, but also the most advanced treatment methods for malignant tumors, bringing survival benefits to patients. There are a large number of new anti-tumor drug clinical trials for lung cancer patients, covering a wide variety of anti-tumor drugs, and with rapid progress and high efficiency of clinical transformation. These trials could not be carried out successfully without the joint efforts of the research team, in which the research nurses also played a role that should not be underestimated. Combined with the work content of clinical research nurses, this paper introduced the post management, role function, core competence and career development prospect of clinical research nurses in the process of carrying out clinical trial of lung cancer drugs in detail. In order to provide reference for more medical institutions to carry out related work, and promote the further development of clinical research nurses to standardization and specialization.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the competence assessment examinations of registered dietitians in China during 2017-2021 to inform the training of dietetic professionals.Methods:A systematic review was conducted about the composition and changing trends of examination participants during 2017-2021. Participants were divided into subgroups based on gender, age, education, professional background and affiliations and the qualification rate was compared across different subgroups.Results:The number of examination participants showed an increasing trend overall, with the majority being females and aged 26-35 years. The ratio of participants with bachelor's: master's: doctor's degree was about 15: 9: 1. The proportion of participants majoring in nutrition science decreased from 32.1% to 20.3%, while that of participants majoring in other medical and food sciences increased. Among participants from healthcare institutions, a decreasing proportion of participants were with a major in nutrition science, while this proportion among participants from companies were stable at 38.8% to 50.2%. The average qualification rate was 35.7%, showing no significant differences among different gender and age groups. But the qualification rate varied significantly across subgroups with different education level, professional background, and affiliations ( P < 0.05). Subgroups with more advanced degrees showed higher qualification rate and the best rate was observed in the subgroups with professional background in nutrition science and from nutrition-related institutions. Conclusion:The training of dietetic professionals in China should be improved, lifelong learning should be promoted in nutrition practitioners, and the sustainable development of dietitians should be impelled.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955572

ABSTRACT

How to improve the ability of nursing undergraduates in medical colleges to face more difficulties and reverse the dilemma in response to public health emergencies is a topic that needs to be further studied. It is an effective way to improve the level of students' adversity quotient by cultivating students' adversity quotient. This paper expounds the four dimensions of the composition of the four-dimensional adversity quotient, analyzes the factors influencing the formation of the four-dimensional adversity quotient, and puts forward the exploration of the path and method to cultivate the four-dimensional adversity quotient of undergraduate nursing students. In the practical teaching of nursing specialty, the adversity quotient can be cultivated through listening and communication.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1654-1657, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922311

ABSTRACT

Congenital pure red cell aplasia, also known as Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), is a hereditary disease characterized by pure red cell aplasia and congenital malformation. Its main clinical features are anemia, dysplasia, and tumor susceptibility. Ribosomal protein (RP) gene mutation is the main pathogenesis of DBA. The most common type of gene mutation is RPS19 gene mutation. Heterozygous mutations in as many as 19 RP genes and other non-RP genes mutations have been identified in DBA. This review summarized briedfly the latest research advances in the pathogenesis of DBA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan , Mutation , Ribosomes
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908847

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of the X-BL mixed teaching mode on Pharmacology course. Methods:In Pharmacology course of the 2017 pharmacy major of our university, 3 teaching units were randomly selected as the control group while the rest 3 teaching units were selected as the experimental group. Traditional teaching mode was carried out in control group. In the experimental group, we designed a X-BL mixed teaching mode composed of web-based learning (WBL), case-based learning (CBL), and team-based learning (TBL). Teaching effects of the two groups were compared using online unit tests and questionnaires. Test scores were analyzed by SPSS 20.0, and differences between groups were analyzed by t test. Results:The test scores of each unit of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group ( P<0.01), and the low scores were all zeroed. The questionnaires showed that the two groups showed similar learning willingness, but the experimental group students were more satisfied with teaching method, teaching quality, classroom atmosphere, teacher guidance and learning effect than the control group. Conclusion:The X-BL mixed teaching mode, which focused on case teaching and group learning, integrated online and offline teaching, and information teaching, has showed a better teaching effect than traditional teaching in the Pharmacology courses. This teaching mode may have certain promotion value in the future teaching applications.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905260

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences in plasticity mechanism of cortical structure between hemispheres during rehabilitation for stroke patients at subacute stage. Methods:From October 20, 2018 to February 1, 2020, 22 patients with first-onset subcortical ischemic stroke completed the assessments of MRI and clinical evaluation at admission, and after one and two months of rehabilitation. Cortical surface area, thickness, and volume were measured to evaluate cortical structure plasticity. Two-way repeated measures analyses of variance were implemented to estimate dynamic cortical morphology changes and differences between hemispheres. Results:A significant time effect occurred between admission and after one month of rehabilitation for both hemispheres. Cortical surface area, thickness and volume for most regions in both hemispheres gradually decreased, while parahippocampal gyrus thickness and volume increased. The surface area and volume of postcentral gyrus was significant between both hemispheres (F > 4.305, P < 0.05), in which ipsilesional hemisphere was lower than contralesional hemisphere. The reduction of the thickness (r = -0.474, P = 0.026) and volume (r = -0.432, P = 0.044) of postcentral gyrus in ipsilesional hemisphere was negatively correlated with the recovery rate of motor function. Conclusion:There are differences in cortical structure plasticity during stroke rehabilitation between hemispheres. Cortical morphology markedly changes in the first two months poststroke. The greater the reduction in thickness and volume of postcentral gyrus in ipsilesional hemisphere is, the worse the recovery of motor function may be.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of individualized occupational therapy on occupational performance of schizophrenic patients. Methods:From 2016 to 2018, 30 schizophrenic patients hospitalized over one year in Beijing Anding Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and experimental group (n = 15). The control group was given routine group work activities, and the experimental group was given individualized occupational therapy, 30 minutes a time, once a day, five days a week for four weeks. The Comprehensive Occupational Therapy Evaluation Scale (COTE) was used to evaluate the occupational performance of schizophrenic patients before and after treatment。 Results:The difference value of COTE score was higher in the experimental group than in the control group (t = 3.842, P < 0.01), especially for interpersonal communication behavior and task behavior (t > 3.106, P < 0.01). Conclusion:Individualized occupational therapy could improve the occupational performance of patients with schizophrenia.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883644

ABSTRACT

Objective:To meet the individualized needs of residents in standardized residency training of cardiac intervention specialty for cardiac ultrasound teaching, to construct a bionic 3D printing model of ultrasound source, and to discuss its application value in ultrasound teaching and simulation exercises.Methods:Sixty residents majored in cardiovascular medicine receiving standardized residency training of ultrasound in ultrasound imaging department of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were randomized into experimental group and control group in average. The experimental group adopted ultrasound bionic 3D printing heart model combined with problem-based learning (PBL) teaching method, and the control group adopted traditional multimedia PPT combined with PBL teaching method. At the end of teaching activities, theoretical examination, operation assessment and questionnaire survey were conducted to evaluate and compare the teaching effect between the two groups. SPSS 21.0 software was performed for t test. Results:The theoretical examination scores of the experimental group and the control group were (81.4±8.2) points and (74.8±9.4) points, respectively, P=0.002, and the operation assessment scores were (89.1±5.6) points and (71.5±8.8) points, respectively, P<0.001. The questionnaire survey showed that the experimental group had better feedbacks than the control group in the aspects of mastery of heart anatomy knowledge, learning experience, learning interest, learning efficiency, understanding of interventional heart disease, clinical skills of interventional operation and overall satisfaction (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Ultrasound bionic 3D printing combined with PBL teaching method can help strengthen the mastery of cardiac anatomy knowledge, promote the learning experience of cardiac ultrasound and improve the skills of interventional operation. The teaching effect is significant and the students' satisfaction is high.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880327

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Prenatal stress can cause neurobiological and behavioral defects in offspring; environmental factors play a crucial role in regulating the development of brain and behavioral; this study was designed to test and verify whether an enriched environment can repair learning and memory impairment in offspring rats induced by prenatal stress and to explore its mechanism involving the expression of insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2) and activity-regulated cytoskeletal-associated protein (Arc) in the hippocampus of the offspring.@*METHODS@#Rats were selected to establish a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model during pregnancy. Offspring were weaned on 21st day and housed under either standard or an enriched environment. The learning and memory ability were tested using Morris water maze and Y-maze. The expression of IGF-2 and Arc mRNA and protein were respectively measured by using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#There was an elevation in the plasma corticosterone level of rat model of maternal chronic stress during pregnancy. Maternal stress's offspring exposed to an enriched environment could decrease their plasma corticosterone level and improve their weight. The offspring of maternal stress during pregnancy exhibited abnormalities in Morris water maze and Y-maze, which were improved in an enriched environment. The expression of IGF-2, Arc mRNA, and protein in offspring of maternal stress during pregnancy was boosted and some relationships existed between these parameters after being exposed enriched environment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The learning and memory impairment in offspring of prenatal stress can be rectified by the enriched environment, the mechanism of which is related to the decreasing plasma corticosterone and increasing hippocampal IGF-2 and Arc of offspring rats following maternal chronic stress during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Pregnancy , Rats , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Hippocampus/metabolism , Insulin-Like Growth Factor II/metabolism , Learning , Learning Disabilities/psychology , Memory Disorders/psychology , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/psychology , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Social Environment , Stress, Psychological/genetics
18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 961-966, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To estab lish fingerprint of Duzhong butiansu pill s,analyze its chemical pattern recognition ,and determine the contents of 7 components in Duzhong butiansu pills ,so as to provide reference for the quality control of the preparation. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Pntulips BP-C 18 Plus column with 0.2% phosphoric acid water-acetonitrile as mobile phase (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 330 nm,and column temperature was 35 ℃. The sample size was 20 μL. With paeonol as the reference,the HPLC fingerprints of 12 batches of Duzhong butiansu pills (S1-S12) were established with Similarity Evaluation System for TCM Chromatographic Fingerprint (2012 edition); common peaks were determined and the similarity was evaluated. The chromatographic peaks were identified by comparing with the reference substance. SPSS 21.0 and SIMCA 13.0 software were used for cluster analysis and principal component analysis ,and 22 common peaks were evaluated. The contents of the identified components in 12 batches of samples was determined by the above HPLC method. RESULTS :A total of 22 common peaks were identified in the HPLC fingerprint of 12 batches of Duzhong butiansu pills ,and the similarity was no loss than 0.960. There were 7 chemical components identified ,which were gallic acid (peak 1),chlorogenic acid (peak 3),liquiritoside(peak 6),hyperoside (peak 7),verbascoside(peak 8),icariin(peak 14)and paeonol (peak 15). Among the 12 batches of samples ,S1,S3-S5,S7, S9 and S 11 were classified as one category ,S2,S10 and S 124Y091 were clustered into one category ,S6 was one category and S was one category. The 22 common peaks were divided into three principal components. The characteristic value (15.130) and contribution rate (68.775%) of principal component 1 were the largest ,and the score coefficients of peak 3(0.305)and peak 4(0.298)were the highest. Among 12 batches of samples,the cont ents of above 7 components were 18.196 231.951 3,0.000 6-0.049 4,0.234 8-0.415 9,0.039 5-0.079 1,0.053 5-0.249 3,0.000 5-0.000 8,0.646 4-1.146 9 mg/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS:HPLC fingerprint of Duzhong butiansu pills is established successfully. Twelve batches of samples are clustered into 4 category. Peak 3(chlorogenic acid )and peak 4(unknown)may be the important factors causing the difference of samples. The content of gallic acid is the highest among the 7 components.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829010

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This paper aimed to investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and explore the associated risk factors in a very elderly southwest Chinese population.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to June 2016, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to obtain a representative sample of 1,326 participants over 80 years old living in Chengdu. The presence of DM was based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h plasma glucose (2-hPG) levels during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A logistic regression model was used to calculate the odds ratios ( s) and 95% confidence intervals ( s) of the potential associated factors.@*Results@#The participants' mean age was 83.5 ± 3.1 years. The overall prevalence of DM was 27.4%. The prevalence was higher in males (30.2%) than females (24.7%) ( = 0.02). The prevalence of DM increased with body mass index (BMI) and decreased with aging. The multivariate analysis suggested that male sex ( = 1.433; 95% , 1.116-1.843), hypertension ( = 1.439; 95% , 1.079-1.936), overweight or obesity ( = 1.371; 95% , 1.023-1.834), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min; = 1.362; 95% , 1.063-1.746), and abdominal obesity ( = 1.615; 95% , 1.216-2.149) were all significantly positively correlated with DM. However, age was negatively correlated with DM ( = 0.952; 95% , 0.916-0.989).@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of DM and newly diagnosed DM in a very elderly southwest Chinese population was high. OGTT screening should be performed regularly in people aged ≥ 80 years to ensure timely diagnosis of DM.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872726

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Shenqi compound on islet β-cell function in type 2 diabetic GK rats. The whole genome expression profile chip technology is used to explore the molecular mechanism of Shenqi compound regulating pancreatic islet cell function and provide theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes with traditional Chinese medicine. Method:GK rats were fed with high-fat diet daily for 4 weeks. Rats were randomly selected from GK rats to detect random blood glucose and verified the success of type 2 diabetes model. Rats were divided into 4 groups, Wistar group, model group, Shenqi compound(1.44 g∙kg-1) group and west glenn(16 mg∙kg-1) group. After 8 weeks of gavage, the serum insulin(INS) levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The apoptosis of islet β cells was detected by terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling(TUNEL)fluorescence method. Differential gene detection uses whole-genome expression profiling chip technology in each group of rat pancreatic tissues, the mRNA transcription level of key differential genes is detected by Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:Compared with blank group, before gavage, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, GK rats have higher blood sugar in each group (P<0.01).Gavage for 4 weeks and gavage for 8 weeks, compared with model group, the blood sugar of rats in each drug intervention group was lower (P<0.01). Gavage for 8 weeks, compared with blank group, the INS level of model group was lower (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the Shenqi compound group had a higher INS level, and the sitagliptin group had a higher INS level (P<0.01). After gavage for 8 weeks, compared with the blank group, the number of pancreatic islet β-cell apoptosis in the model group was higher (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the number of pancreatic islet β cell apoptosis in the Shenqi compound group and sitagliptin group was lower (P<0.05,P<0.01). Gene chip and Real-time PCR tests both showed that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase receptor 1(PIK3R1) was up-regulated in the Shenqi compound group/model group, and down-regulated in the sitagliptin group/model group, model group/blank group. Protein kinase B1(Akt1) was expressed in the Shenqi compound group/model The expression was up-regulated in the group, sitagliptin group/model group, and down-regulated in the model group/blank group. Conclusion:Shenqi compound which has the function of supplenmenting Qi and Yin and promoting the blood circulation, can inhibit the islet β cell apoptosis, improve islet β cell function, regulate insulin secretion, and prevent T2DM by up-regulating the expression of genes PIK3R1 and Akt1.

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