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1.
Indian Pediatr ; 2020 Feb; 57(2): 138-142
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-199478

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of congenital heart disease inYunnan, China which has diverse ethnic groups. Methods: This cross-sectional studyenrolled 244,023 children from 2010 to 2015. To diagnose CHD, a conventional physicalexamination was used to screen suspicious cases, which were further confirmed byechocardiography. Results: A total of 1695 children were diagnosed with CHD. Theestimated prevalence was 6.94%. Atrial septal defects were the most common cardiacabnormalities. A higher prevalence of CHD was observed with preterm birth, low birthweight, maternal age ≥35 years, and high-altitude regions. The prevalence also showeddifferences between diverse ethnic groups. Conclusion: The prevalence of CHD in Chinamay have ethnic differences.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical and radiographic effects of percutaneous pie-crusting deep medial collateral ligament release in patients with posterior horn tear of medial meniscus combined with tight medial compartment.@*METHODS@#From January 2012 to December 2016, 35 patients with medial meniscus posterior horn injury were treated with percutaneous pie crusting deep medial collateral ligament release technique, including 21 males and 14 females, aged from 21 to 55 years old with an average of (39.1±6.5) years old. Degree of meniscus extrusion were recorded before and 24 months after operation. The knee valgus stress test was performed to evaluate stability of medial collateral ligament, and compared difference between healthy and affected side. Lysholm and IKDC functional scores were compared before and 24 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 27 to 60 months with an average of (36.7±6.8) months. All patients were underwent operation, the wound healed well without complications. Operative time ranged from 0.5 to 1.2 h with an average of (0.8±0.4) h. Nineteen patients were performed partial meniscectomy, 16 patients were performed repair suture. Convex of meniscus before operation was (1.5±0.7) mm, and (1.7±0.4) mm after operation;had no statistical difference(@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with medial meniscus tear of posterior horn combined with tight medial compartment, percutaneous pie-crusting deep medial collateralligament release could improve medial compartment space, and Knee valgus instability and meniscus extrusion are not affected.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Collateral Ligaments , Female , Humans , Joint Instability , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Middle Aged , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the level of oncology nurses’ organizational silence and its influencing factors.Methods:Totally, 278 oncology nurses were recruited to fill out the General Information Questionnaire, Nurses’ Organizational Questionnaire, Perceived Social Support Scale and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale short version.Results:The score of Nurses’ Organizational Questionnaire was (51.27±17.28), the score of acquiescent silence was (15.91±5.42), the score of defensive silence was (15.83±6.29), the score of prosocial silence was (11.03±4.16) and the score of indifferent silence was (8.50±3.46). The perceived social support and psychological reliance were negatively associated with nurses’ organizational silence ( r values were -0.364, -0.497, all P<0.01). The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that age, degree of education, perceived social support and psychological reliance were the influencing factors of oncology nurses’ organizational silence (all P<0.05), which could explain 45.00% of the variation. Conclusions:The level of oncology nurses’ organizational silence is at a medium level, which should be improved. Nursing managers should pay attention to the phenomenon of oncology nurses’ organizational silence, and take appropriate interventions to break the phenomenon, so as to improve the job satisfaction and work efficiency of nurses’.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698563

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells, because of convenient acquisition, will not bring pain and adverse effects to the fetus and their parturient. The success rate of culture is high. It has good application prospects in the treatment of myocardial infarction. OBJECTIVE: To review the new progress of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells transplantation in the treatment of myocardial infarction. METHODS: A computer-based online search of PubMed and Wanfang databases was performed to retrieve the related articles published from 1991 to 2017. We reviewed the initial data and the quotations from each document. Finally, we included randomized controlled animal experiments or clinical studies concerning human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells for treatment of myocardial infarction. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells will become a new alternative source of cells in the treatment of myocardial infarction, with extremely broad prospects. However, there is no mature conclusion about the convenient route, optimal number of transplanted cells, optimal timing, differentiation, homing and evaluation after transplantation, which limits the clinical application of these cells.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 526-529, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710422

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate an efficient rapid method for the isolation and cultivation of human axillary dermal papilla cells.Methods Skin specimens with hair follicles were obtained from the axillary area of patients who received bromhidrosis surgery in the Department of Dermatology of the First Affiliated Hospital to Army Medical University from October 2015 to May 2016.The axillary dermal papilla cells were isolated by two-step enzyme digestion method,one-step digestion method and micro-dissection method separately.Then,axillary dermal papilla cells were cultured and identified.Differences in the operative procedure,separation efficiency and adhesion efficiency of dermal papilla cells,cell emigration duration,total operation duration and actual operation duration were compared among the above 3 methods.Results Compared with the one-step digestion method and micro-dissection method,the two-step enzyme digestion method showed simpler operative procedure,more than 30% separation rate and 96% adhesion rate of dermal papilla cells after 1 week.Moreover,the cell emigration duration was shortened by 3-4 days by the two-step enzyme digestion method.The two-step enzyme digestion method also showed longer total operation duration,but shorter actual operation duration compared with the one-step digestion method and micro-dissection method,as well as lower contamination rate compared with the micro-dissection method.Cultured axillary dermal papilla cells grew in an aggregative pattern in the early stage,but grew in a nonaggregative pattern after 6 passages.Immunofluorescence assay showed positive staining for laminin and collagen Ⅳ in axillary dermal papilla cells.Conclusion The modified two-step enzyme digestion method is a kind of simple,efficient and rapid method for the isolation of human axillary dermal papilla cells,and axillary dermal papilla cells can be harvested through this method by using a few specimens.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Newly identified human rhinovirus C (HRV-C) and human bocavirus (HBoV) cannot propagate in vitro in traditional cell culture models; thus obtaining knowledge about these viruses and developing related vaccines are difficult. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a novel platform for the propagation of these types of viruses.@*METHODS@#A platform for culturing human airway epithelia in a three-dimensional (3D) pattern using Matrigel as scaffold was developed. The features of 3D culture were identified by immunochemical staining and transmission electron microscopy. Nucleic acid levels of HRV-C and HBoV in 3D cells at designated time points were quantitated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Levels of cytokines, whose secretion was induced by the viruses, were measured by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Properties of bronchial-like tissues, such as the expression of biomarkers CK5, ZO-1, and PCK, and the development of cilium-like protuberances indicative of the human respiration tract, were observed in 3D-cultured human airway epithelial (HAE) cultures, but not in monolayer-cultured cells. Nucleic acid levels of HRV-C and HBoV and levels of virus-induced cytokines were also measured using the 3D culture system.@*CONCLUSION@#Our data provide a preliminary indication that the 3D culture model of primary epithelia using a Matrigel scaffold in vitro can be used to propagate HRV-C and HBoV.


Subject(s)
Collagen , Drug Combinations , Enterovirus , Enterovirus Infections , Virology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epithelial Cells , Virology , Human bocavirus , Humans , Laminin , Parvoviridae Infections , Virology , Primary Cell Culture , Methods , Proteoglycans , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Respiratory Mucosa , Virology , Virus Cultivation
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1776-1780, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278744

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the levels of coagulation indicators [thrombomodulin(TM)/ thrombin-antithrombin complexes(TAT)/ α-plasmin inhibitor-plasmin complexes(PIC)/ tissue plasminogen activator-inhibitor complexes(t-PAIC) /D-Dimer(D-D)/fibrin degradation products(FDP)] in the critical patients with thromboembolism, analyse their correlation with inflammatory factor (procalcitonin/C reactive protein/ interleukin-6), and explore the diagnostic significance of coagulation indicators for these patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The serum levels of the coagulation indicators (TM/TAT/PIC/t-PAIC/D-D /FDP) and inflammatory factors (PCT/IL-6/CRP) were detected in the patient group with critical thromboembolism (n= 38) and critical patient group without thromboembolism as control (n= 81) . The correlation of coagulation indicators with inflammatory factors was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The values of TM/TAT/PIC/D-D/FDP in thromboembolism group were statistically significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). However, the t-PAIC values were not significantly different (P>0.05), and 3 inflammatory factors (PCT/CRP/IL-6) in thromboembolism patients were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The correlation analysis suggested that the correlation coefficients of TM with PCT, CRP and IL-6 were 0.288, 0.249 and 0.270, respectively (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The critical patients with thromboembolism show an obviously higher systemic inflammatory response, and accompany with coagulation dysfunction. There is a network relationship between inflammation and coagulation, the interaction of inflammatory factors with coagulation indicators promotes thromboembolism and inflammation.</p>

8.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E284-E290, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804041

ABSTRACT

Notch-1 signaling pathway is responsible for cell differentiation, development, proliferation and apoptosis. Recent studies show that Notch-1 signaling pathway is also involved in cancer progression, including cell invasion, motility and cancer metastasis. Activation of Notch-1 signaling pathway can directly or indirectly induce cell proliferation and migration. In tumor cells, activation of Notch-1 facilitates epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), keeps its mesenchyme characteristics and induces cell adhesion. Notch-1 signaling pathway also cross-talks with other pathways to regulate cell fate, such as PI3K/Akt, NF-κB pathways. The evidence shows that aberrant Notch-1 activation has been found in different solid tumors, which participates in regulating tumor metastasis. In this review, the Notch structure and function, Notch-1 signal and tumorigenesis, tumor metastasis via Notch-1 signaling, and Notch-1 signaling targeted-therapy were comprehensively summarized. To clarify the roles of Notch-1 signal pathway in tumor metastasis and its regulatory mechanisms as well as the current treatment strategies for Notch-1 signal pathway will provide references for studies on pathomechanism and clinical treatment of cancers.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264547

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Adipose tissue distributes widely in human body. The irradiation response of the adipose cells in vivo remains to be investigated. In this study we investigated irradiation response of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) under three-dimensional culture condition.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ASCs were isolated and cultured in low attachment dishes to form three-dimensional (3D) spheres in vitro. The neuronal differentiation potential and stem-liked characteristics was monitored by using immunofluoresence staining and flow cytometry in monolayer and 3D culture. To investigate the irradiation sensitivity of 3D sphere culture, the fraction of colony survival and micronucleus were detected in monolayer and 3D culture. Soft agar assays were performed for measuring malignant transformation for the irradiated monolayer and 3D culture.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 3D cultured ASCs had higher differentiation potential and an higher stem-like cell percentage. The 3D cultures were more radioresistant after either high linear energy transfer (LET) carbon ion beam or low LET X-ray irradiation compared with the monolayer cell. The ASCs' potential of cellular transformation was lower after irradiation by soft agar assay.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings suggest that adipose tissue cell are relatively genomic stable and resistant to genotoxic stress.</p>


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Cell Biology , Radiation Effects , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Neurons , Cell Biology , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Radiation Effects , X-Rays
10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 100-105, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298143

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype and gene rearrangement of primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type (PCLBCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seven cases of PCLBCL were enrolled into the study. Clinicopathologic analysis, immunohistochemical staining and gene rearrangement for IgH and Igκ were undertaken in the study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the seven cases were male, and the median age was 72 years. Patients usually presented with multiple purple tumors, nodules, papules and infiltrative plaques. Two patients had a history of leg injury before onset, and one had mosquito bites. Histologically, the tumor involved the dermis and subcutis with dense and diffuse infiltrative pattern composing of centroblasts and/or immunoblasts. Immunohistochemical staining showed that seven cases (7/7) expressed CD20, six (6/6) expressed bcl-2, four (4/4) expressed MUM-1, four (4/5) expressed CD79a, four (4/5) expressed PAX-5 and four (4/6) expressed bcl-6, respectively. All cases did not express CD3ε, CD45RO, CD10 and CD30. IgH gene rearranged bands were detected in three (3/6) cases and Igκ was detected in one (1/5) case. Six of the seven cases died and the remaining patient, who was 44-year-old, was alive after 22 months of follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PCLBCL is rare, predominantly affects elderly male patients. PCLBCL has poor prognosis and high mortality, but younger patients seem to have better prognosis. Some cases had a history of trauma or mosquito bites. The relationship between the history and the onset of PCLBCL needs further evaluation.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Animals , Antigens, CD , Culicidae , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains , Genetics , Immunophenotyping , Insect Bites and Stings , Leg , Leg Injuries , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6 , Metabolism , Skin Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254170

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence of childhood asthma, and to find the distribution characteristics, precipitating factors, diagnosis and treatment status, and to provide scientific data for improving the prevention and management of asthma in children in Kunming City, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Children were selected by random cluster sampling. A standardized preliminary questionnaire was used for screening out possible patients in the survey. Diagnosis of asthma was confirmed by diagnostic criteria in suspected asthmatic children. Asthmatic children were further asked for past diagnosis and treatment with the questionnaire of asthma in children.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total asthma incidence rate was 1.40%. The prevalence of asthma in male and female children was 1.89% and 0.88% respectively (P<0.05). Children aged 0-5 years old had a higher prevalence of asthma (1.69%) than that of school-age children (6-14 years old, 1.21%). In all asthmatic children, 51.3% were previously diagnosed with classical asthma or cough variant asthma, 26.0% were suffered attacks from December to February, and 54.0% were suffered attacks at midnight or dawn. Respiratory tract infection (87.3%) was the most common triggers of asthma exacerbation. Antibiotics were used in 80.0%, bronchodilators in 66.0%, inhaled corticosteroid in 64.0%. A peak flow meter for monitoring lung function was used in 17% of asthmatic children over 5 years old.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prevalence of asthma is associated with age and gender in children aged 0-14 years old in Kunming City. Acute asthma attack occurs mostly in winter and at midnight or dawn. Respiratory tract infection is the most common trigger of asthma exacerbation. Nearly a half of patients with asthma had not been diagnosed with asthma in the early stage. Most asthmatic children use antibiotics and only two-thirds use bronchodilators or inhaled corticosteroid in the treatment. The treatment and management of asthma in children awaits improvement as well.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Prevalence , Seasons
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-7630

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The universal organic solvent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) can be used as a differentiation inducer of many cancer cells and has been widely used as a solvent in laboratories. However, its effects on breast cancer cells are not well understood. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect and associated mechanisms of DMSO on mouse breast cancer. METHODS: We applied DMSO to observe the effect on tumors in a mouse breast cancer model. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) were tested by flow cytometry. Ex vivo tumor microenvironment was imitated by 4T1 cultured cell conditioned medium. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were performed to detect interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-12 expression in medium. To investigate the cytotoxicity of DMSO on TAMs, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays were performed. RESULTS: We found that DMSO produced tumor retardation when injected into mouse peritoneal cavities in a certain concentration range (0.5-1.0 mg/g). Furthermore, as detected by flow cytometry, TAM subtypes were found to be transformed. We further imitated a tumor microenvironment in vitro by using 4T1 cultured cell conditioned medium. Similarly, by using low concentration DMSO (1.0%-2.0% v/v), TAMs were induced to polarize to the classically activated macrophage (M1-type) and inhibited from polarizing into the alternatively activated macrophage (M2-type) in the conditioned medium. IL-10 expression in tumors was reduced, while IL-12 was increased compared with the control. Furthermore, we reported that 2.0% (v/v) DMSO could lead to cytotoxicity in peritoneal macrophages after 48 hours in MTT assays. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that DMSO could exert antitumor effects in 4T1 cancer-bearing mice by reversing TAM orientation and polarization from M2- to M1-type TAMs. These data may provide novel insight into studying breast cancer immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media, Conditioned , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Immunotherapy , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-12 , Interleukins , Macrophages , Macrophages, Peritoneal , Mice , Tumor Microenvironment
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1346-1352, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299128

ABSTRACT

Artemisnin is a novel sesquiterpene lactone with an internal peroxide bridge structure, which is extracted from traditional Chinese herb Artemisia annua L. (Qinghao). Recommended by World Health Organization, artemisinin is the first-line drug in the treatment of encephalic and chloroquine-resistant malaria. In the present study, transgenic A. annua plants were developed by overexpressing the key enzymes involved in the biosynthetic pathway of artemisinin. Based on Agrobacterium-mediated transformation methods, transgenic plants of A. annua with overexpression of both HDR and ADS were obtained through hygromycin screening. The genomic PCR analysis confirmed six transgenic lines in which both HDR and ADS were integrated into genome. The gene expression analysis given by real-time quantitative PCR showed that all the transgenic lines had higher expression levels of HDR and ADS than the non-transgenic control (except ah3 in which the expression level of ADS showed no significant difference compared with control); and the HPLC analysis of artemisinin demonstrated that transgenic A. annua plants produced artemisinin at significantly higher level than non-transgenic plants. Especially, the highest content of artemisinin was found in transgenic line ah70, in which the artemisinin content was 3.48 times compared with that in non-transgenic lines. In summary, overexpression of HDR and ADS facilitated artemisinin biosynthesis and this method could be applied to develop transgenic plants of A. annua with higher yield of artemisinin.


Subject(s)
Artemisia annua , Genetics , Metabolism , Artemisinins , Metabolism , Biosynthetic Pathways , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mixed Function Oxygenases , Genetics , Oxidoreductases , Genetics , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Plants, Genetically Modified , Genetics , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319655

ABSTRACT

Atropa belladonna is a medicinal plant and main commercial source of tropane alkaloids (TAs) including scopolamine and hyoscyamine, which are anticholine drugs widely used clinically. Based on the high throughput transcriptome sequencing results, the digital expression patterns of UniGenes representing 9 structural genes (ODC, ADC, AIH, CPA, SPDS, PMT, CYP80F1, H6H, TRII) involved in TAs biosynthesis were constructed, and simultaneously expression analysis of 4 released genes in NCBI (PMT, CYP80F1, H6H, TRII) for verification was performed using qPCR, as well as the TAs contents detection in 8 different tissues. Digital expression patterns results suggested that the 4 genes including ODC, ADC, AIH and CPA involved in the upstream pathway of TAs, and the 2 branch pathway genes including SPDS and TRII were found to be expressed in all the detected tissues with high expression level in secondary root. While the 3 TAs-pathway-specific genes including PMT, CYP80F1, H6H were only expressed in secondary roots and primary roots, mainly in secondary roots. The qPCR detection results of PMT, CYP80F1 and H6H were consistent with the digital expression patterns, but their expression levels in primary root were too low to be detected. The highest content of hyoscyamine was found in tender stems (3.364 mg x g(-1)), followed by tender leaves (1.526 mg x g(-1)), roots (1.598 mg x g(-1)), young fruits (1.271 mg x g(-1)) and fruit sepals (1.413 mg x g(-1)). The highest content of scopolamine was detected in fruit sepals (1.003 mg x g(-1)), then followed by tender stems (0.600 mg x g(-1)) and tender leaves (0.601 mg x g(-1)). Both old stems and old leaves had the lowest content of hyoscyamine and scopolamine. The gene expression profile and TAs accumulation indicated that TAs in Atropa belladonna were mainly biosynthesized in secondary root, and then transported and deposited in tender aerial parts. Screening Atropa belladonna secondary root transcriptome database will facilitate unveiling the unknown enzymatic reactions and the mechanisms of transcriptional control.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Genetics , Metabolism , Atropa belladonna , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genetics , Hyoscyamine , Genetics , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Metabolism , Scopolamine , Metabolism , Tropanes , Metabolism
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 243-249, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235677

ABSTRACT

Atropa belladonna L. is the officially medicinal plant species and the main commercial source of scopolamine and hyoscyamine in China. In this study, we reported the simultaneous overexpression of two functional genes involved in biosynthesis of scopolamine, which respectively encoded the upstream key enzyme putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT; EC 2.1.1.53) and the downstream key enzyme hyoscyamine 6beta-hydroxylase (H6H; EC 1.14.11.11) in transgenic hair root cultures of Atropa belladonna L. HPLC results suggested that four transgenic hair root lines produced higher content of scopolamine at different levels compared with nontransgenic hair root cultures. And scopolamine content increased to 8.2 fold in transgenic line PH2 compared with that of control line; and the other four transgenic lines showed an increase of scopolamine compared with the control. Two of the transgenic hair root lines produced higher levels of tropane alkaloids, and the content increased to 2.7 fold in transgenic line PH2 compared with the control. The gene expression profile indicated that both PMT and H6H expressed at a different levels in different transgenic hair root lines, which would be helpful for biosynthesis of scopolamine. Our studies suggested that overexpression of A. belladonna endogenous genes PMT and H6H could enhance tropane alkaloid biosynthesis.


Subject(s)
Atropa belladonna , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Hyoscyamine , Metabolism , Methyltransferases , Genetics , Metabolism , Mixed Function Oxygenases , Genetics , Metabolism , Plant Roots , Genetics , Plants, Genetically Modified , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Scopolamine , Metabolism , Synthetic Biology , Tropanes , Metabolism
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 994-997, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294978

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), especially those in the urinary storage phase, following transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and to improve the postoperative management and patients' quality of life after TURP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 86 patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) underwent TURP, and were interviewed on urinary symptoms at 1, 3, 7, 15 and 30 days after removal of the catheter. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether they had preoperative detrusor instability and/or compliance of the bladder (Group A) or not (Group B), and observed for the changes in IPSS scores and urinary storage symptoms after removal of the catheter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Complete follow-ups were achieved in 71 cases, 28 with detrusor instability and/or compliance of the bladder and the other 43 without. Their IPSS scores on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 15th and 30th day after removal of the catheter were 8.1 +/- 2.5, 7.2 +/- 3.1, 6.3 +/- 3.8, 5.3 +/- 4.2 and 2.4 +/- 3.4, respectively, with statistically significant differences between the 7th and the 1st as well as the 30th and the 15th day (P < 0.05), but not between the 1st and the3rd nor the 15th and the 7th day (P > 0.05). On the 1st day, the cardinal symptoms in the urinary storage phase were urinary frequency, urgency and incontinence; the scores on IPSS and urinary storage symptoms were 10.4 +/- 3.3 and 9.3 +/- 3.8 in Group A and 6.2 +/- 2.8 and 5.2 +/- 2.7 in Group B, with significant differences between the two groups (P < 0.05). After treatment with tolterodine and alpha-adrenoreceptor inhibitor, neither IPSS scores nor the scores on urinary storage symptoms showed any significant differences between Groups A and B on the 15th and 30th day (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The lower urinary tract symptoms following TURP, especially those in the urinary storage phase, are correlated with preoperative bladder function, and getting improved gradually after surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Quality of Life , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Incontinence
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347966

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the changes of neurobehavioral function in a neonatal mouse model of excitotoxic brain damage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-five 5-day-old ICR neonatal mice were randomly assigned to three groups: blank (no intravenous) control (n=20), saline control (n=20) and excitotoxic brain damage model (ibotenic acid treatment, n=15). Behavioral function was evaluated by the surface righting reflex test (postnatal days 6-10), the swimming test (postnatal days 8-12) and the Y-maze discrimination learning test (postnatal days 33-34).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Righting time in the surface righting reflex test in the ibotenic acid treatment group on postnatal days 6-10 was more prolonged than that in the two control groups (p<0.05). Swimming test scores in the ibotenic acid treatment group were significantly lower than those in the two control groups (p<0.05). In the Y-maze discrimination learning test, the mice from the ibotenic acid treatment group performed significantly worse than two control groups, presenting with increased learning times (19.79+/-2.42 vs 16.29+/-2.48 or 16.30+/-2.37; p<0.05) and achieving a lower correct percentage (86.7% vs 96.5% or 95.0%) (p<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The developmental reflexes and learning and memory functions were impaired in neonatal mice following excitotoxic brain damage. Behavioral testing is useful in the evaluation of early developmental reflexes and long-term neurobehavioral outcome in neonatal mice with excitotoxic brain damage.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Behavior, Animal , Brain , Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists , Toxicity , Female , Ibotenic Acid , Toxicity , Male , Maze Learning , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Swimming
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262772

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Interleukin-4 plays a key role in the development of asthma. Overseas studies have shown that Q576R polymorphism in the interleukin-4 receptor (IL-4R) gene is related to asthma as well as increased serum IgE levels. This study was designed to investigate the association of Q576R polymorphism in IL-4R gene with childhood asthma and serum IgE levels.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The polymorphism of IL-4R Q576R was determined by PCR/RFLP and serum total IgE level was measured using ELISA in 94 children with asthma. Sixty-eight healthy children served as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The distribution frequency of heterozygous genotype Q576R (41%) and mutant allele R576 (26%) was significantly higher in children with asthma than that of controls (16% each) (P < 0.01; P < 0.05). The total serum IgE level between patients with genotype Q576R and Q576Q was not significantly different (225.78 +/- 51.43 IU/mL vs 163.24 +/- 31.32 IU/mL, P> 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The mutant R576 allele of IL-4R may be one of the candidate genes for susceptibility to asthma. Allele R576 of IL-4R is related to asthma but is irrelevant to the total serum IgE level in children with asthma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, Interleukin-4 , Genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331950

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) in treating hemorrhagic apoplexy at super-early stage in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat model of hypertension with cerebral hemorrhage was induced by collagenase method. Sixty rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: the sham operated group, model group, PNS high, middle, and low dose group, 12 in each; 4 h after modeling, PNS or normal saline was intraperitoneally injected into the rats every 12 h, the total is 5 times. Contents of water, sodium and potassium ion in brain, and the diameter of hematoma in rats of different groups were measured 24 h and 72 h after modeling.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the model rats, nerve defect symptoms aggravated, the contents of water and sodium ion in ipsilateral cortex and basal ganglia were significantly higher, the content of potassium ion was lower and the hematoma diameter was obviously less in the PNS-treated rats (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PNS may worsen the brain edema and increase the nerve defect score when it was applied at the early stage of cerebral hemorrhage, but could promote the absorption of hematoma, indicating PNS should be used cautiously in treating patients with large amount of cerebral hemorrhage at super-early stage.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Edema , Drug Therapy , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Male , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Phytotherapy , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saponins , Therapeutic Uses , Time Factors
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