Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 137
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923021

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the reversal effect of Shenfu decoction(SFD)on adriamycin-induced cardiomyopathy and explore its mechanism by using serum metabolomic technology. Methods The BALB/c mouse model of cardiomyopathy induced by adriamycin was established. The corresponding intervention was given. The serum lactate dehydrogenase(LDH)and creatine phosphatase isoenzyme MB(CK-MB)were measured. The ejection fraction (EF) and shortening fraction (FS) were measured by echocardiography. Mouse serum was collected for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The data obtained was analyzed by multivariate and univariate statistical analysis to compare the changes of endogenous metabolites in the serum of mice in the normal group, model group and Shenfu decoction treatment group, to find the potential biomarkers of Shenfu decoction to reverse the adriamycin-induced cardiomyopathy. Metabolic pathway analysis was used to explore the targeted metabolic pathway of Shenfu decoction. Results The levels of serum LDH and CK-MB in the model group were increased significantly, and the values of EF and FS decreased significantly, indicating that the model was successfully established. The above indicators were significantly improved after treatment with Shenfu decoction. 13 potential biomarkers of adriamycin-induced cardiomyopathy were identified by metabonomic analysis, and Shenfu decoction had significant reversal effect on 11 metabolites. Metabolic pathway analysis showed that the synthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan, arachidonic acid metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and dicarboxylic acid metabolism were the main targeted metabolic pathways of Shenfu decoction. Conclusion Shenfu decoction can reverse adriamycin-induced cardiomyopathy by regulating the unbalanced synthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan, as well as the metabolism of arachidonic acid, phenylalanine, dicarboxylic acid and tricarboxylic acid cycle.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism and compatibility characteristics of Baimai ointment (BMO) in the treatment of white vein disease from the network perspective based on system theory, so as to provide biological basis for its clinical application. Method:The chemical components and the corresponding candidate target spectra of BMO were obtained from The Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM) and Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP). According to the clinicopathological characteristics of white vein disease, focusing on four diseases/symptoms including neuropathic pain, inflammatory pain, chronic pain and lumbar disc herniation root neuralgia, the gene sets related to white vein disease were collected in Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO), DisGeNET and other databases, then the interaction network of the targets of active components in BMO-gene sets related to white vein disease was constructed. On this basis, the hub network nodes were selected and enriched for exploring the mechanism of four functional groups of BMO in the treatment of white vein disease such as Huoxue Tongluo group (Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Moschus, Tronae), Xingqi Zhitong group (Myristicae Semen, Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma, Acori Calami Rhizoma), Wenjing Sanhan Tongluo group (Zingiberis Rhizoma, Zanthoxyli Pericarpium, Caraway) and Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group (Actinolite, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma). Result:The enriched pathways of the four functional groups in BMO were mainly distributed in three modules of nervous system function, inflammation-immune system regulation and body energy metabolism, and each module was connected by common target genes especially had its own focus. Among them, the regulation of nervous system function in Huoxue Tongluo group and Xingqi Zhitong group could be summarized as Huoxue Buqi and Xingshen Kaiqiao. Xingqi Zhitong group and Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group were mainly used to promote the operation of Qi, promote blood metaplasia, enhance immunity and maintain the regulation of inflammation-immune system. Jianpi Wenshen Qianggu group and Wenjing Sanhan Tongluo group mainly regulated body energy metabolism by invigorating the spleen and supplementing Qi as well as warm-heat medicine. The whole formula focused on the multi-dimensional and multi-level mechanism of BMO in the intervention of white vein disease. Each functional group emphasized its respective characteristics in nervous system function, inflammation-immune regulation, and body energy metabolism. Two types of networks analysis models complemented and verified each other. Conclusion:BMO plays a role in the treatment of white vein disease mainly by regulating the function of nervous system, maintaining the balance of inflammation-immune system and interfering with energy metabolism. The relevant research results can provide reference for the in-depth exploration of the mechanism of BMO, and help to guide the clinical rational use of this preparation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of coping behaviors among caregivers of children with disabilities in the context of rehabilitation and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 358 caregivers (parents) of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. They were evaluated in the context of rehabilitation of children with disabilities with Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP). Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors. Results:The total score of CHIP was (106.00±23.45) and the average score of CHIP was (2.36±0.52). Among the caregiver factor, mothers (B = 7.607, 95%CI 2.477 to 12.737, P = 0.004), and caregivers who didn't need to care for others (B = 5.758, 95%CI 1.174 to 10.343, P = 0.014) reported higher CHIP score. Among the child factors, higher CHIP score was reported in caregivers who had more partners (B = 2.925, 95%CI 1.233 to 4.618, P < 0.001), participated in public space activities more frequently (B = 3.906, 95%CI 1.743 to 6.068, P < 0.001) and perceived changes in rehabilitation outcomes (B = -16.832, 95%CI -31.471 to -2.193, P = 0.024); CHIP score was lower in thoses of 3 to < 6 years old (B = -7.914, 95%CI -15.157 to -0.671, P = 0.032) and with intellectual disability children (B = -11.153, 95%CI -21.360 to -0.947, P = 0.032). Among the environmental factors, caregivers who perceived more friendly social attitude (B = 2.560, 95%CI 0.615 to 4.505, P = 0.010) reported higher CHIP score. Conclusion:It is proposed to learn the coping needs of caregivers of children with disabilities in the context of rehabilitation. The coping behaviors of caregivers are influenced by multiple factors, such as children's individual, caregivers and environment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of the quality of life of children with disabilities and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 285 family caregivers of children with disabilities were enrolled in Shanghai. The EuroQol-5 Dimension Questionnaire Youth Version (EQ-5D-Y) was used to measure the quality of life of 285 children with disabilities. The impact of individual factors, caregiver factors, and environmental factors (family factors and social factors) on children's quality of life were analyzed using multiple linear stepwise regression analysis. Results:The score of Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was (71.66±22.33). The quality of life were poorer for children with physical disabilities (B = -13.623, 95%CI -25.282 to -1.965, P = 0.022) or multiple disabilities (B = -14.911, 95%CI -27.445 to -2.377, P = 0.020), combined diseases (B = -8.995, 95%CI -14.780 to -3.210, P = 0.002), emotional instability (B = -4.414, 95%CI -7.433 to -1.395, P = 0.004), poor partnerships (B = 4.965, 95%CI 1.748 to 8.181, P = 0.003), no pre-school education (B = -7.757, 95%CI -12.954 to -2.561, P = 0.004) and grandparents as the main caregiver (B = -7.999, 95%CI -14.288 to -1.710, P = 0.013). Conclusion:The quality of life for children with disabilities is relatively poor and influenced by multiple factors such as children's individual, caregivers, and environment. The main influencing factors are individual factors and caregiver factors.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1487-1490, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904582

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand parent child communication about sex related topics in rural areas of Sichuan Province, and to provide the basis for family sex education.@*Methods@#A multi stage stratified cluster sampling was adopted to select 2 801 parents of children from 53 township kindergartens in Sichuan Province. Questionnaires were conducted to parents about sex education in family by face to face interview or self filling.@*Results@#About 41.63% of parents reported that children had questions about sex, and the rate of proper parent child communication was 57.46%. The results of binary unconditional Logistic regression analysis showed that township residence( OR=1.46, 95%CI =1.12-1.90), high school or higher educational background of mothers( OR= 1.77 , 95%CI =1.38-2.28), non-left-behind children( OR=1.32, 95%CI =1.03-1.69), supportive for parent child communication about sex related topics( OR=1.66, 95%CI =1.05-2.63), sex education at home( OR=1.60, 95%CI =1.25-2.05) were associated with a higher rate of proper parent child communication on sex( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#In rural areas of Sichuan, proper parent child communication about sex related topics was not common. It is suggested that in rural areas, parents should enhance their awareness of the knowledge and importance of children s sex education, and improve the coping methods of children s sex-related problems so as to promote the healthy growth of children s body and mind.

6.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E582-E588, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904441

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of different materials and porosities on bone formation in the scaffold after implantation of the degradable bone scaffold into human body. Methods According to natural reaction mechanism of fracture healing, the finite element method was used, combined with geometry of the scaffold, to establish a computationally coupled model based on material degradation curve and bone reconstruction control equation. Through this platform, representative volume elements of the scaffold with five kinds of materials and four types of porosities were selected for calculation and analysis, and dynamic process was reflected by bone mineral density (BMD) and maximum stress of the scaffold. Results The elastic modulus of the materials had a greater influence on growth of bone tissues in the scaffold. The smaller elastic modulus of the materials would lead to the greater amount of bone formation, but it would also have a greater impact on mechanical properties of the scaffold. The scaffold with higher porosity had lower rigidity, which could better promote formation of bone tissues, meanwhile it would also destroy mechanical stability of the scaffold. Conclusions According to performance requirements for different age, gender and location of bone tissues, personalized reference and calculation basis for selection of materials and porosity, structural design and clinical application of degradable porous bone scaffolds can be provided.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1429-1435, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922276

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the in vivo traceable acute myeloid leukemia mice model with Luciferase-Expressing KG1a Cells.@*METHODS@#KG1a cells with stable luciferase gene expression (called as KG1a-Luc cells) were constructed by lentivirus transfection, then sifted out by puromycin. Eighteen male NOD-SCID-IL2rg@*RESULTS@#KG1a cells expressing luciferase stably were successfully obtained. The tumor luminescence wildly spread at day 17 captured by in vivo imaging. The KG1a-Luc tumor cells could be detected in the peripheral blood of the mice, with the average percentage of (16.27±6.66)%. The morphology and pathology result showed that KG1a-Luc cells infiltrate was detected in bone marrow, spleens and livers. The survival time of the KG1a-Luc mice was notably shorter as compared with those in the control group, the median survival time was 30.5 days (95%CI: 0.008-0.260).@*CONCLUSION@#The acute myeloid leukemia NOD-SCID-IL2rg


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin Receptor Common gamma Subunit , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Luciferases/genetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885352

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy on psychological stress and quality of life in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.Methods:According to two-level cluster random design 461 patients with tuberculosis from 20 communities in Pizhou county of Jiangsu province were selected in the study from September 2018 to November 2018. The intervention group received cognitive-behavioral therapy for two months, while control group received routine follow-up. Anxiety, depression and quality of life were assessed by GAD-7, PHQ-9 and SF-36 scales, respectively. At the same time, the comparison between the two groups was conducted by independent sample t test, and the difference between the two groups before and after treatment was analyzed by paired sample ttest. Results:A total of 454 participants were finally included in this analysis; there were 230 cases in the intervention group and 224 cases in the control group. In the intervention group the scores of anxiety and depression after intervention were significantly lower than the baseline scores [(7.57±5.27) vs. (5.93±2.56), t=-4.245, P<0.01; (8.13±6.01) vs. (6.02±2.67); t=-4.866, P<0.01], and the quality of life score was significantly higher than the baseline score [(58.46±12.71) vs. (74.31±13.22); t=13.108, P<0.01]; while in the control group there were no significant differences in the scores of anxiety, depression and quality of life after intervention, compared with those at baseline [(7.62±5.41) vs.(7.65±5.38); (8.00±5.84) vs. (8.07±5.91); (59.11±13.25) vs. (60.51±13.76); t=0.059, t=0.126, t=1.104, all P>0.05]. However, only for patients with mild and moderate anxiety and depression symptoms in the intervention group, the anxiety and depression scores were decreased after intervention [(7.29±1.21) vs. (5.54±1.71), (11.99±1.31) vs. (9.17±1.55); (7.01±1.47) vs. (4.42±1.22), (11.88±1.12) vs. (8.39±2.33); t=8.056, t=10.020, t=13.558, t=8.852,all P<0.01]. Conclusion:Cognitive-behavioral therapy can relieve the psychological pressure and improve the quality of life in pulmonary tuberculosis patients with mild or moderate anxiety/depression symptoms.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880143

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of nosocomial infection in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), in order to guide better clinical prevention and treatment of nosocomial infection.@*METHODS@#The incidence of nosocomial infection, infection site, characteristics of pathogenic bacteria, drug sensitivity test results and infection risk factors of 472 non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from January 2015 to September 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 472 patients, 97 (20.6%) had nosocomial infection, mainly in the lower respiratory tract (41.2%), followed by oral cavity, upper respiratory tract, urogenital tract, and blood. A total of 71 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated, including Gram-negative (G@*CONCLUSION@#NHL patients show high nosocomial infection rate and lower respiratory tract infection is common. Hospital day, clinical stage, presence of bone marrow invasion, and neutrophil count in peripheral blood are independent risk factors.


Subject(s)
Cross Infection/epidemiology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME2) to lymphoma Raji cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Different concentrations of 2-ME2 were used to treat lymphoma Raji cells. CCK8 method was used to detect the effect of 2-ME2 to proliferation of Raji cells. Flow cytometry FITC/PI double labeling method was used to detect early apoptosis of the cells. Western blotting was used to detect the effect of 2-ME2 to the expression of BCL-2, Bax, Caspase-3 and C-myc proteins in Raji cells.@*RESULTS@#2-ME2 significantly inhibited the proliferation of Raji cells. The inhibition rate increased with the increasing of drug concentration, and increased significantly with the prolongation of drug treatment time (r=0.9215). Flow cytometry FITC/PI double staining showed that the apoptotic rate of 2.5 μmol/L 2-ME2 treatment group was (33.79±1.63) %, while the apoptosis rate of the 48 h group was (51.90±2.72) %, and that of the control group was (7.08±0.36) %. After treated with 2.5 μmol/L 2-ME2 for 12 h, the expression of Bax protein was up-regulated, BCL-2 protein was down-regulated, caspase-3 protein expression was up-regulated, and C-myc protein expression was down-regulated, all of them showed a time-dependent relationship.@*CONCLUSION@#2-ME2 shows obvious inhibitory effect on lymphoma Raji cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Its mechanism of treatment on lymphoma Raji cells may be related to up-regulation of Bax/BCL-2 ratio and activation of Caspase-3 to induce apoptosis in cancer cells. Down-regulation of C-myc protein expression also participates in the apoptotic process.


Subject(s)
2-Methoxyestradiol , Apoptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Lymphoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Up-Regulation , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
11.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 57-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862776

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on the proliferation and migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) in rats. Methods The 5th generation BMSCs were divided into the control (without EPO) and 10, 100, 500, 1 000 IU/mL EPO groups. After 24 h and 48 h of culture, the proliferation rate, migration ability and the expression levels of CXCR4 of BMSCs were detected in each group. The 5th generation BMSCs were further divided into BMSC and EPO-BMSC groups. After 48 h of culture, the effect of EPO upon surface markers, directional differentiation and cytoskeleton morphology of BMSCs were evaluated in both groups. Results After theco-culture of EPO and BMSCs for 48 h, the proliferation rate and migration ability of BMSCs were significantly enhanced, and the expression level of CXCR4 protein was significantly up-regulated in the 100 IU/mL and 500 IU/mL EPO groups compared with those in the control group (all P < 0.05). However, EPO exerted no effect upon the expression levels of surface markers and directional differentiation ability of BMSCs in the EPO-BMSC group. In the EPO-BMSC group, the fibrous skeleton of most BMSCs was arranged along the long axis in parallel. Conclusions EPO can improve the proliferation rate, migration ability and tissue repair capability of BMSCs, probably by promoting the directional homing of BMSCs to injured organs and tissues via up-regulating the expression level of CXCR4.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1425-1433, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878644

ABSTRACT

Institutions of higher learning undertake the important responsibility of personnel training. Teaching and scientific research are two indispensable functions of colleges and universities, and the relationship between them is unbalanced and low integration in the current education and teaching. According to the existing problems in the experimental course of human anatomy and animal physiology, we explored how to apply the ideological and political education of scientific research to improve students' cognitive ability, develop experimental projects combined with scientific research practice, and strengthen the combination of classroom teaching and scientific research practice, aiming to establish the basic concept of the integration of science and education. These are favorable for the realization of the training goal of high-quality innovative talents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Curriculum , Humans , Students , Universities
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect of fire needling stripping after local anesthesia, simple fire needling and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy on verruca vulgaris.@*METHODS@#A total of 900 patients with verruca vulgaris were randomized into a fire needling stripping group (300 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a fire needling group (300 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group (300 cases, 5 cases dropped off). After local anesthesia of compound lidocaine cream, fire needling therapy was adopted, and the necrotic tissue of verruca was stripped in the fire needling stripping group. Simple fire needling therapy was adopted in the fire needling group, without local anesthesia and stripping. Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy was adopted in the liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group. The treatment was given once a week, and totally 3 weeks were required in the 3 groups. The skin lesion scores of number, area, thickness, color, pruritus, isomorphism and the level of T lymphocyte (CD@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the skin lesion scores were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling stripping after local anesthesia can effectively treat the verruca vulgaris, improve the skin lesion and immunity, its therapeutic effect is superior to simple fire needling and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Local , Cryotherapy , Humans , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Warts/therapy
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875951

ABSTRACT

Objective A SYBR-Green real-time quantitative PCR(RT-qPCR)method was set up to detect the infection and proliferation of measles virus, which could be useful in virus titer determination. Methods In this project, we used a 405 bp fragment of the N gene of measles virus as a target sequence and constructed a plasmid to establish the standard curve in absolute quantitative experiment. We then used this method to obtain the proliferation curve of measles virus and to detect the virus proliferation at different MOI. Results There was a linear relationship between the virus copy number and the titer of the measles virus reference at the range of 6 to 2 lgCCID50/mL, with a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.991(P < 0.01). Based on the analysis of virus proliferation curve, measles virus mainly proliferated intracellularly within 48 h after its entering the cell. There was no detected increase in viral RNA level in the first 24 h, suggesting the virus was in a silent period in the cell. After 24 h, the virus expanded in large numbers and entered the exponential growth phase. The intracellular viral RNA level reached the plateau phase after its peak at 96 h. The virus secreted to the outside of the cell entered the exponential growth phase starting from 48 h, peaked at 144 h, then followed by plateau phase. Conclusion A SYBR-Green RT-qPCR method is established and used to monitor virus proliferation. Our result is helpful in understanding of the proliferation and secretion of measles virus in cells and provides experimental basis for detection of live attenuated virus titers.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1148-1155, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the types and laboratory characteristics of non-Hodgkin lymphoma(NHL) with bone marrow invasion as the first manifestation.@*METHODS@#81 non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients with bone marrow invasion as the first manifestation treated in our hospital from January 2010 to July 2019 were selected. The clinical features, blood routine, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), EB virus results, bone marrow features, immunophenotyping, gene and genetic characteristics of all patients were analyzed retrospectivel.@*RESULTS@#Among 81 patients, 73 cases(90%) were B-cell lymphoma, 5 cases(6%) were T-cell lymphoma and 3 cases(4%) were NK/T-cell lymphoma, while the mantle cell lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were the highest, which accounted for 21%(17 cases) and 19.7%(16 cases), and lymphoma accounted for 8.6%(7 cases). There were 44 cases(54.3%) showed B symptoms, 65 cases (80.2%) showed abnormal blood routine. The MYD88 gene was detected in 5 of 17 cases. 25 cases of patients underwent chromosome examination, the result showed that 5 cases were t(8; 14) (q24; q32), 3 cases were complex karyotype and 17 cases were normal karyotype. 23 cases(23.4%) were EB virus positive, 42 cases(51.9%) were LDH increased. The proportion of bone marrow lymphoma cells was 1%-92%. Among them, 32 cases were diagnosed as lymphoma leukemia, and 6 cases of bone marrow lymphoma cells showed mass distribution similar to extramedullary tumor cells with bone marrow metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#B-cell lymphoma is the predominant NHL with bone marrow invasion as the first manifestation, while mantle cell lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma are the most common pathological types with blood routine abnormalities. Bone marrow lymphoma cells can also present clusters of bone marrow metastasis, different types of lymphoma cells can make directional diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow , Humans , Laboratories , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 183-186, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807930

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation of early childhood sexuality education among parents of leftbehind children in rural areas and associated factors, to provide the evidence to launch the sexuality education for left behind children in rural areas in the future.@*Methods@#An anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 348 parents of left behind children in rural areas who were selected by multistage stratified sampling during Mar. to May. 2018.@*Results@#The rate of early childhood sexuality education of rural areas in Sichuan was 48.4%(652). Multivariate analysis showed that parents whose child was in higher grade ( OR=1.32, 95% CI =1.12-1.55); total annual income <10 000 yuan( OR=1.48, 95%CI =1.02-2.14), children had asked sexrelated questions ( OR=1.44, 95%CI =1.11-1.87), reckoning it necessary( OR=3.78, 95%CI =2.57-5.58), considering children’s sexuality education should be held by parents ( OR=2.69, 95%CI =1.78-4.07), other family members had launched the early childhood sexuality education( OR=7.86, 95%CI =5.16-11.95), school had launched it ( OR=3.13, 95%CI =2.25-4.34) had a highter rate of early childhood sexuality education.@*Conclusion@#Early childhood sexuality education of parents of left behind children of rural areas in Sichuan is in low level. Sexual health education should be based in school, together with parental training towards positive attitude and increases in early childhood sexuality education.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a rapid and accurate analytical method for the identification of complex system of traditional Chinese medicine, and to systematically clarify the chemical composition of sesquiterpenes in Alpinia oxyphylla. Method: On the basis of optimizing the extraction process of sesquiterpenes, the accurate molecular weight and secondary fragment ions information of unknown compounds were captured by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS). Compared with the relative retention time and mass spectrometry data of the reference substance, combined with relevant references and databases, the sesquiterpene unknown compounds in the fruits of A. oxyphylla were accurately and rapidly characterized. Results: A total of 24 sesquiterpenes were identified and classified into four categories according to their skeleton structure, including nine eudesmane-type, six cadinane-type, eight eremophilane-type, and one oplopanone-type. Conclusion: In this study, the established analytical method was used to realize the rapid and accurate identification of sesquiterpenes in the fruits of A. oxyphylla, which provided a theoretical basis for the research on the pharmacodynamic substance basis and quality control of the fruits of A. oxyphylla.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827472

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Neck pain caused by cervical spondylosis (CS) is a chronic pain condition, with an increasingly high incidence in the general population. Electroacupuncture is a common analgesic modality that has been widely applied in neck pain treatment. However, current electroacupuncture instruments used in the clinic have low intelligence levels and obscure parameter standards. We here designed this study for assessing the effect and safety of a new, intelligent electroacupuncture instrument, the CX-DZ-II, in treating neck pain.@*METHODS@#The present study is a prospective, two-center, randomized, controlled, open-label, non-inferiority trial for CX-DZ-II on treating neck pain caused by CS. Totally 160 eligible patients will be included in this trial and randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group in a 1:1 ratio. A semi-standard acupoint selection strategy will be employed. In the experimental group, selected acupoints will be stimulated by CX-DZ-II. Electroacupuncture treatment will be accomplished by a pre-existing electroacupuncture instrument in the control group. The duration of treatment will be 2 weeks. The primary outcome is the change of Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score after one course of treatment. The secondary outcomes include the VAS scores after each treatment, the responder rate, drug-usage rate of non-steroidal antipyretic analgesics, the rate of adverse events occurrence, and the performance of instrument.@*DISCUSSION@#This study will evaluate the effect and safety of the CX-DZ-II intelligent electroacupuncture therapeutic instrument in comparison with a pre-existing non-intelligent instrument in the treatment of neck pain caused by CS. The results will hopefully demonstrate a more optimal electroacupuncture instrument for the treatment of neck pain. (Trial registration No. gov NCT03005301).


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Equivalence Trials as Topic , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Neck Pain , Therapeutics , Pain Measurement , Prospective Studies , Spondylosis , Therapeutics , Young Adult
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1283-1292, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826848

ABSTRACT

Point-of-care testing (POCT) is a test method performed on the sampling site or patient bedside. Accurate results can be achieved rapidly by the application of portable analytical instruments and compatible reagents. It has been widely used in the field of in vitro diagnosis (IVD). Paper-based microfluidics technology has great potential in developing POCT due to its advantages in low cost, simple operation, rapid detection, portable equipment, and unrestricted application conditions. In recent years, the development of paper-based microfluidic technology and its integration with various new technologies and methods have promoted the substantial development of POCT technology and methods. The classification and characteristic of the paper are summarized in this review. Paper-based microfluidic sample pretreatment methods, the flow control in the process of reaction and the signal detecting and analyzing methods for the testing results are introduced. The research progress of various kinds of microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs) toward POCT in recent years is reviewed. Finally, remaining problems and the future prospects in POCT application of paper-based microfluidics are discussed.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Methods , Humans , Microfluidic Analytical Techniques , Paper , Point-of-Care Testing
20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 919-925, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820838

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the water extraction and ethanol precipitation technology of Zhuang medicine Baijin granules. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted to determine the content of bergenin in Baijin granules extract. The extraction routes of Baijin granules (water decoction ,70% ethanol reflux extraction ,water decoction combined with 70% ethanol reflux extraction)was screened primarily with the yield of extract and the experiment of reducing uric acid of mice. The orthogonal test was adopted to optimize water extraction technology of Baijin granules with water multiple ,extraction time and extraction times as factors,taking the extraction yield and the bergenin content as index ,then the validation test was carried out. The orthogonal test was adopted to optimize the alcohol precipitation process of Baijin granules including the relative density of medicinal materials , alcohol content and the alcohol precipitation time ,then the validation test was carried out. By the experiment of reducing uric acid , the effects of medicinal materials extract of Baijin granules extract were compared before and after ethanol precipitation. RESLUTS:Established method for content determination of bergenin with linearity range of 0.007 2-0.288 mg/mL,had good precision,reproducibility,stability and accuracy. The initially chosen extraction process of Baijin granules was water decoction extraction. The optimal water extraction technology was soaked for 0.5 h,then decocted for 3 times with 14-fold water (mL/g)and 1.0 h each time. The optimal ethanol precipitation process was to concentrate the water extract to a relative density of 1.0 g/mL with alcohol content of liquid at 60% and precipitated for 12 h. Validation tests showed that RSDs of extract yield and beragenin content were all lower than 2%(n=3). The experiment of pharmacodynamics showed that water extract (before ethanol precipitation )and water extract after alcohol precipitation could significantly decrease the level of uric acid in hyperuricemia model mice (P<0.01). There was no statistical significance in the reduction of uric acid between 2 groups(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS :The optimized water extraction technology can obtain good extract yield and bergenin content ,and combined with ethanol precipitation technology for removing excess impurities would not affect the pharmacodynamics. The water extraction and ethanol precipitation technology is feasible,and can be used for extracting the medicinal materials of Baijin granules and its edulcoration.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL