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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878924

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of berberine hydrochloride on the cell wall integrity of Candida albicans hypha. The minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) of berberine hydrochloride against clinical and standard C. albicans strains was detected by micro liquid-based dilution method; the effect of berberine hydrochloride on the colony formation of C. albicans SC5314 was investigated by spot assay; the effect of berberine hydrochloride on the metabolism of C. albicans SC5314 hypha was checked by XTT reduction assay, and the viability of C. albicans SC5314 hypha was tested by fluorescent staining assay. The effect of berberine hydrochloride on the morphology of C. albicans SC5314 hypha was examined by scanning electron microscope. The changes in the cell wall of C. albicans SC5314 hypha after berberine hydrochloride treatment were detected by transmission electron microscopy. The effect of berberine hydrochloride on β-glucan from C. albicans SC5314 was detected by flow cytometry. The effect of berberine hydrochloride on hypha-specific gene ECE1 and β-glucan synthase genes FKS1 and FKS2 in C. albicans was examined by qRT-PCR. The results showed that berberine hydrochloride showed a strong inhibitory effect on both clinical and standard strains of C. albicans, and the MIC was 64-128 μg·mL~(-1). Spot assay, XTT redunction assay and fluorescent staining assay showed that with the increase of berberine hydrochloride concentration, the viability of C. albicans SC5314 gradually decreased. The transmission electron microscopy scanning assay showed that this compound could cause cell wall damage of C. albicans. The flow cytometry analysis showed the exposure degree of C. albicans β-glucan. The qRT-PCR further showed that berberine hydrochloride could significantly down-regulate hypha-specific gene ECE1 and β-glucan synthase-related gene FKS1 and FKS2. In conclusion, this compound can down-regulate C. albicans and β-glucan synthase-related gene expressions, so as to destroy the cell wall structure of C. albicans, expose β-glucan and damage the integrity of the wall.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Berberine/pharmacology , Candida albicans/genetics , Cell Wall , Hyphae , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888081

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to investigate the effects of the main components(aesculin, berberine hydrochloride, and anemoside B4) in the butyl alcohol extract of Baitouweng Decoction(BAEB) on the chemotaxis of neutrophils induced by dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO). HL60 cells were cultivated in RPMI-1640 complete medium, and transferred into a 6-well plate(2 × 10~5 per mL) with 4 mL in each well, followed by incubation with DMSO at 1.3% for five days. The morphologic changes of cells were observed under an inverted microscope. The CD11 b expression after DMSO induction was analyzed by flow cytometry. The effects of aesculin, berberine hydrochloride, and anemoside B4 on the cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK8 assay and Transwell assay, respectively. The effects of the main components on the production and polarization of F-actin protein were also examined by flow cytometry and laser confocal microscopy. PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway was checked by Western blot. As revealed by the results, neutrophil-like HL60 cells were observed after DMSO induction. The CD11 b expression in these cells increased significantly as indicated by the flow cytometry. Additionally, 100 μg·mL~(-1) aesculin, 8 μg·mL~(-1) berberine hydrochloride, and 80 μg·mL~(-1) anemoside B4 were potent in inhibiting the migration of neutrophils and reducing F-actin expression. Berberine hydrochloride was verified to be capable of diminishing phosphorylated PI3 K/Akt protein expression. The findings indicate that aesculin, anemoside B4, and especially berberine hydrochloride in the BAEB can inhibit the chemotaxis of neutrophils, which is possibly achieved by the inhibition of F-actin and PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
1-Butanol , Berberine/pharmacology , Chemotaxis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Neutrophils
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang on receptor of advanced glycation end products(AGEs)/advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE)/nuclear transcription factor-kappa B p65 (NF-κB p65) signaling pathway in the diabetic peripheral neuropathy rats through an animal modeling experiment, and discuss the mechanism of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang in alleviating diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Method:Rat model of diabetic peripheral neuropathy was established by high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection with streptozotocin (STZ). After successful modeling, Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang intervention began in the fifth week. The patients in high-dose group (19.40 g∙kg-1∙d-1), middle-dose group (4.85 g∙kg-1∙d-1) and low-dose group (2.43 g∙kg-1∙d-1) were given by gavage continuously for 12 weeks. The western medicine control group was given 25 mg∙kg-1∙d-1 by gavage. After the experiment, serum interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect RAGE and NF-κB p65 mRNA expressions in sciatic nerve tissue. The expressions of RAGE, NF-κB and phosphorylation(p)-NF-κB p65 proteins in sciatic nerve tissues were detected by Western blot (WB). Result:Compared with the normal group, serum IL-1β and TNF-α protein levels, RAGE mRNA and NF-κB p65 mRNA levels, RAGE protein, NF-κB p65 protein and p-NF-κB p65 protein levels were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.01), the ratio of p-NF-κB p65 to NF-κB p65 was increased, and the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 was enhanced (P<0.01). After the intervention of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang, compared with the model group, serum IL-1β and TNF-α protein levels, RAGE and NF-κB p65 mRNA levels, RAGE protein, NF-κB p65 protein and p-NF-κB p65 protein levels were all decreased (P<0.01), the ratio of p-NF-κB p65 to NF-κB p65 was decreased in high-dose group (P<0.01). The effect was obvious with the increase of dose of astragalus cassia twig. Conclusion:Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang can alleviate diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and its mechanism may be related to blocking the expression of RAGE on tissue cell surface in AGEs/RAGE/NF-κB signaling pathway, inhibiting the activation of NF-κB and inducing TNF-α triggered oxidative stress and excessive inflammatory response, so as to avoid cell damage and dysfunction.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779461

ABSTRACT

This paper reviews and summarizes the background,stages,tasks,achievements and experiences of the China's new round of healthcare reforms. Lessons gained from the reforms are valuable for deepening the healthcare reforms of China.

5.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 12-16, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702919

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate and study percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) related factors in the treatment of renal calculi caused postoperative fever and its prevention measures. Methods Making a retrospective analysis of the clinical records of 150 patients who underwent PCNL, including age, gender, diabetes history and previous ipsilateral renal surgery, stone type, stone size, whether the complication of upper ureteral stones, preoperative urinary tract infection, hydronephrosis and pyonephrosis, preoperative renal fistula, postoperative centering vein pressure, intraoperative perfusion and the operation time from January 2015 to June 2017. After the operation, the patients were divided into two groups: fever group and non-fever group, and analyzed the related factors of the fever. Results Among the 150 cases, fever occurred in 27 cases after PCNL, taking up 18%. Gender, history of diabetes, staghorn calculi or staghorn stone, stone size, with ureteral calculi, preoperative urine leukocyte count, renal abscess, preoperative renal fistula, postoperative central venous pressure, intraoperative perfusion and operation time between the two groups, the differences that were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Logistic that multivariate analysis showed that female patients with upper ureteral calculi, perfusion, intraoperative volume,preoperative pyonephrosis, long operation time are independent risk factors of fever after operation (OR

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360134

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the molecular mechanism by which LKB1 regulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in Peutz-Jeghers hamartoma and intestinal epithelial cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemistry was used to detect gene expression of LKB1, E-cadherin, and vimentin in 20 hamartoma tissues and 10 normal intestinal tissues, and collagen fiber deposition was analyzed using Masson trichrome staining. Normal intestinal epithelial NCM460 cells were transfected with LKB1 shRNA plasmid or negative control via lentiviral vectors, and the role of LKB1 in cell polarization and migration were determined using CCK8 and Transwell assays. Western blotting, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and immunofluorescence were used to assess the alterations of EMT markers in the cells with LKB1 knockdown.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with normal intestinal tissues, hamartoma polyps showed significantly decreased LKB1 and E-cadherin expressions and increased vimentin expression with increased collagen fiber deposition. The cells with LKB1 knockdown exhibited enhanced cell proliferation and migration activities (P<0.01). Western blot analysis, qPCR and immunofluorescence all detected decreased E-cadherin and increased N-cadherin, vimentin, Snail, and Slug expressions in the cells with LKB1 knockdown.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>s LKB1 deficiency triggers EMT in intestinal epithelial cells and Peutz-Jeghers hamartoma, suggesting that EMT can serve as the therapeutic target for treatment of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.</p>

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1815-1817, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642060

ABSTRACT

Trachoma, a contagious keratoconjunctivitis ( KC ) , caused by Chlamydia trachomatis infection, is rife in 57 countries in the world at present. The World Health Organization ( WHO) listed the global alliance to eliminate blinding trachoma by 2020 as one of top priorities of its blindness prevention in 1998. A simplified classification system for identifying and naming trachoma, designated by WHO, and the SAFE strategy based on community intervention were extended continuously in the world in 10 years since then. The trachoma prevalence trend has showed a change compared with that in the past. China has launched the blindness prevention action, aimed to eliminate blinding trachoma by 2016. In this paper, we reviews progress in diagnosis, treatment and epidemic of trachoma since the extension of the SAFE strategy.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1504-1505, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641940

ABSTRACT

AIM:To make a survey on people suffering trachoma in Gansu province, and to provide evidence for developing trachoma control and prevention therapy. METHODS: We chose the zone on the basis of relative information. Provincial Office of Blindness Prevention carried out the survey in 3 counties including Tange Township of Wushan, Xiqu Township of Minqin and Hulinjia Township of Jishishan from October 14, 2013 to November 23, 2013. One hundred and fifty primary school students were selected, including 72 boys and 78 girls aging from 5a to 10a with the average age of 7. 5y. The targeted students received the fast trachoma assessment by the adoption of simplified trachoma classification system which was recommended by the World Health Organization. RESULTS: No case of active trachoma, trachomatous trichiasis and corneal disease were examined among 150 students. CONCLUSION: The rate of trachoma is low in Gansu province. But we still cannot get the conclusion that there is no epidemic of trachoma in Gansu. And we need to further expand the survey scope to correctly assess the trachoma case and to provide reliable evidence for trachoma prevention and control.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3632-3638, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236198

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is characterized by liver sinusoidal congestion, ischemic liver cell damage, and liver portal hypertension caused by hepatic venous outflow constriction. The aim of this research was to investigate the clinicopathological features of BCS-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and explore its surgical treatment and prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data from 38 patients with BCS-associated HCC who were surgically treated in our hospital from July 1998 to August 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with BCSassociated HCC and surgical treatment for BCS-associated HCC were investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated HCC, the patients with BCS-associated HCC showed a female predominance, and had significantly higher cirrhosis rate, higher incidence of solitary tumors, lower incidence of infiltrative growth, higher proportion of marginal or exogenous growth, lower rate of portal vein invasion, and higher degree of differentiation. Median survival was longer in patients with BCS-associated HCC (76 months) than in those with HBV associated HCC (38 months). Of 38 patients with BCS-associated HCC, 22 patients who received combined surgery mainly by liver resection plus cavoatrial shunts exhibited hepatic venous outflow constriction relief, while the other 16 patients only underwent liver resection. The combined surgery group had significantly longer survival and lower incidences of post-operative lethal complications (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that relief of hepatic venous outflow obstruction was a protective factor for survival of patients with BCS-associated HCC, whereas portal vein invasion was a risk factor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>BCS-associated HCC has a more favorable biological behavior and prognosis than HBV-associated HCC. For patients with BCS-associated HCC, tumor resection accompanied with relief of hepatic venous outflow obstruction can reduce the incidence of complications and extend survival.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Budd-Chiari Syndrome , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis
10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 917-922, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239256

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the molecular mechanism of adiponectin inhibiting activation of hepatic stellate cells in non-alcoholic fatty liver fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The rat models of non-alcoholic fatty liver fibrosis were successfully established by fat-rich diet administration. The expression of adiponectin mRNA and protein were respectively detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot. LX-2 cells were cultured in an adipogenic differentiation mixture to induce quiescent adipocytic phenotypes, and then they were treated with TGFβ1, adiponectin and TGFβ1 + adiponectin, respectively. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to determine the expressions of mRNAs and proteins of a-smooth muscle actin (a-SMA), Collagen, adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and endothelial NOS (eNOS). The results were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, Student-Newman-Keuls test, and linear correlation analysis. A P value of less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In vivo, with the progress of non-alcoholic fatty liver fibrosis, the model rats gradually showed hepatic steatosis, inflammation, necrosis and fibrosis. Compared with the control group, the level of serum adiponectin (2.49 ± 0.86 vs 5.81 ± 0.87, P < 0.05) and hepatic expressions of adiponectin mRNA and protein (0.26 ± 0.04 vs 0.72 ± 0.08; 0.64 ± 0.07 vs 0.21 ± 0.07, all P < 0.05) were all decreased in the 24th week group, and were negatively correlated with the level of Collagen which increased gradually. In vitro, TGFβ1 could activate quiescent LX-2 cells by decreasing mRNA and protein expression of eNOS (0.30 ± 0.10 vs 0.44 ± 0.08; 0.30 ± 0.09 vs 0.46 ± 0.07, all P < 0.05) and increasing the expression of iNOS (0.53 ± 0.07 vs 0.37 ± 0.04; 0.55 ± 0.07 vs 0.39 ± 0.05, all P < 0.05). Recombinant adiponectin not only maintained the quiescent phenotype of LX-2 cells but also inhibited LX-2 cells activation due to TGFβ1 by increasing the expression of eNOS (0.43 ± 0.08 vs 0.30 ± 0.10; 0.42 ± 0.07 vs 0.30 ± 0.09, all P < 0.05) and phosphorylation of AMPK (0.43 ± 0.07 vs 0.24 ± 0.04, P < 0.05) and decreasing the expression of iNOS (0.44 ± 0.05 vs 0.53 ± 0.07; 0.46 ± 0.07 vs 0.55 ± 0.07, all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Data suggested that adiponectin could play a protective role on the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver fibrosis by inhibiting the activation of hepatic stellate cells via up-regulating the expression of eNOS, which might associate with increased phosphorylation of AMPK.</p>


Subject(s)
Adiponectin , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Fatty Liver , Metabolism , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism , Pharmacology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267654

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the reactivity of colon cancer cell line SW480 and CD133(+) SW480 subsets to hypoxia in vitro and the changes in the expressions of anti-apoptosis and angiogenesis genes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SW480 cells was subjected to CoCl(2) exposure at varying concentrations and for different time lengths to induce hypoxia, and the protein expression of hypoxia induced factor 1α (HIF-1α) was detected by Western blotting. The CD133(+) SW480 cells were sorted by magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) and their proportion was assayed by flow cytometry (FCM). The CD133(+) SW480 subsets were exposed to CoCl(2) at the optimal concentration with exposure time selected in terms of HIF-1α level, and their tumor stem cell sphere formation ability was evaluated. Real-time PCR was used to compare the mRNA expression levels of the surface markers of colon cancer stem cells (CD133 and PROM1), survivin, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Exposure to 200 µmol/L CoCl(2) for 8 h resulted in the highest HIF-1α expression in SW480 cells, but the same exposure failed to induce HIF-1α expression in CD133(+) SW480 subsets. The CD133(+) SW480 subsets, after CoCl(2)-induced hypoxia, showed significantly enhanced ability of cell sphere formation. Hypoxia of SW480 cells caused significant increases in CD133, survivin and VEGF mRNA levels by 1.607∓0.103, 2.745∓0.370 and 3.798∓0.091 folds, respectively (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CoCl(2) can simulate hypoxia in colon cancer cells in vitro to induce stable HIF-1α expression, which is concentration- and time-dependent. The hypoxia-stimulated tumor stem sells show an enhanced sphere formation and anti-apoptotic and anti-angiogenic abilities.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Physiology , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line, Tumor , Colonic Neoplasms , Pathology , Computer Simulation , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Pathology , Neovascularization, Pathologic
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211268

ABSTRACT

Tetrachloroethylene is a chlorinated solvent that is primarily used in dry cleaning and degreasing operations. Although the hepatotoxicity caused by tetrachloroethylene has been well documented in literature, it is rarely considered as a cause of acute liver failure. We report a case of a 39-yr-old man who was admitted to our hospital for acute liver failure due to tetrachloroethylene exposure. Histological examination of the liver revealed massive hepatic necrosis, prominently, in zone 3 of the hepatic lobules. The patient underwent supportive treatment along with 3 sessions of plasmapheresis, and consequently, he presented a favorable outcome. Repeat liver biopsy performed 6 months after the patient's discharge showed architectural distortion with postnecrotic cirrhosis. Physicians should be aware of the possibility of acute liver failure induced by tetrachloroethylene. Early plasmapheresis can be effective for individuals with sufficient capacity for hepatocyte regeneration.


Subject(s)
Adult , Carcinogens/toxicity , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Liver Failure, Acute/chemically induced , Male , Occupational Exposure , Plasmapheresis , Tetrachloroethylene/toxicity
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336149

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the special staining of cells cultured on nitrocellulose (NC) membrane and evaluate the application of the novel method for cell culture and pathological staining.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human colorectal carcinoma SW1116 cell line and SW480 cell line were cultured using nitrocellulose membrane as the culture matrix, with the same cells cultured on slides serving as the control.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cells cultured on NC membrane appeared transparent with sharp edge and purple background by macroscopic observation, showing on obvious difference in terms of cell morphology and number from the cells cultured on glass slides. Irregular polygonal SW1116 cells and SW480 cells were found on the NC membrane, on which the cells grew in colony and showed blue nucleus and red cytoplasm.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NC membrane produces no cytotoxicity and can be used for cell culture without affecting the normal cell morphology and number during cell culture, thus providing a new means for cell culture and pathological staining.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Line, Tumor , Collodion , Humans , Staining and Labeling
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291536

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) by 16HBE-CYP1A1 cells which are human bronchial epithelial cell with CYP1A1 transformed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Expression of CYP1A1 and mEH of cell models were tested by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Cells were treated with 0, 1, 5, 10 and 20 micromol/L B(a)P for 24 h. Adverse effects of B(a)P were tested by cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) cytome assays. Cytotoxicity was assessed by the nuclear division index (NDI), frequency of necrotic and apoptotic cells. Genetic damages were assessed by frequencies of CBMN, nucleoplasmic bridges (NPBs) and nuclear buds (NBUDs).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>High levels of CYP1A1 and mEH were found in 16HBE-CYP1A1 cells (relative mRNA content was 7.8 x 10(-4) and 0.030 respectively). In 16HBE-CYP1A1 cells, NDI were decreased in 1, 5, 10 and 20 micromol/L B(a)P treated groups, 1.92 +/- 0.04, 1.71 +/- 0.01, 1.61 +/- 0.04, and 1.41 +/- 0.01, respectively; and lower than control group (2.08 +/- 0.03). Compared with control group ((82.67 +/- 6.66)%), the binucleated cells ratios were decreased, (76.33 +/- 3.51)%, (66.33 +/- 0.58)%, (51.67 +/- 1.53)% and (39.0 +/- 1.0)% respectively.Necrotic cells ratios were (1.93 +/- 0.42)%, (2.20 +/- 0.53)%, (8.07 +/- 0.90)% and (15.27 +/- 2.80)%, respectively, higher than control group ((0.47 +/- 0.11)%). The differences were significant (F values were 899.94, 303.33, 240.87, P < 0.01). Apoptotic cells were increased at lower groups and decreased to normal at higher groups treated by B(a)P. They were (1.20 +/- 0.53)%, (2.00 +/- 0.20)%, (1.47 +/- 0.12)%, (1.20 +/- 0.00)% and (1.20 +/- 0.00)%, respectively. Analysis on biomarkers of genetic damage, the significant dose-effect relationship were observed in NPBs and NBUDs (F values were 50.23, 121.09, P < 0.01, respectively). Frequencies of NPBs were (4.67 +/- 2.89) per thousand, (7.33 +/- 1.53) per thousand, (10.67 +/- 2.08) per thousand and (11.00 +/- 1.00) per thousand respectively. Frequencies of NBUDs were (2.33 +/- 0.58) per thousand, (4.00 +/- 1.00) per thousand, (5.00 +/- 1.00) per thousand, and (7.67 +/- 1.16) per thousand respectively. However, the dose-relationship of CBMN last only to 10 micromol/L B(a)P treated groups in 16HBE-CYP1A1 cells, and frequencies of CBMN were (8.33 +/- 3.21) per thousand, (14.67 +/- 1.15) per thousand, respectively. Frequency of CBMN was (16.67 +/- 2.88) per thousand in 20 micromol/L B(a)P treated group, lower than 10 micromol/L B(a)P treated group ((17.67 +/- 2.08) per thousand). In 16HBEV control cells, the cytotoxicity was found only in higher B(a)P treated groups and frequencies of CBMN, NPBs and NBUDs were increased also. While no significant differences were observed between 5, 10, 20 micromol/L B(a)P treated groups (they were (6.37 +/- 2.08) per thousand, (9.33 +/- 1.52) per thousand, (9.33 +/- 3.21) per thousand; (4.33 +/- 1.53) per thousand, (6.00 +/- 2.65) per thousand, (5.33 +/- 1.53) per thousand and (2.33 +/- 0.58) per thousand, (3.33 +/- 1.16) per thousand, (3.67 +/- 1.16) per thousand, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The genetic damages were more severe after treated with activated B(a)P, which may be induced by decreased NDI, increased necrotic cells and inhibition of apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Benzo(a)pyrene , Toxicity , Cell Division , Cell Line, Transformed , DNA Damage , Humans , Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2163-2170, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237487

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Few reports have evaluated the efficacy of re-operation for relapse after initial surgery for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with bile duct thrombosis (BDT). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of initial surgery and subsequent re-operation for HCC with BDT, and their effects on prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 880 patients with HCC, including 28 patients with BDT, who underwent radical hepatectomy between 1998 and 2008 in our hospital, were reviewed. The effects of BDT and re-operation on prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 89.3%, 46.4% and 21.4%, respectively, in 28 patients with BDT versus 91.4%, 52.9% and 20.9% in 852 patients without BDT (P>0.05). Six patients with BDT underwent re-operation after disease relapse, and their survival time was significantly longer than those who did not undergo re-operation (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis indicated that portal vein invasion and tumor size were independently associated with tumor relapse and prognosis (P<0.05). Univariate analysis and multivariate analyses showed that obstructive jaundice was not significantly correlated with tumor relapse or prognosis (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hepatectomy plus BDT removal is an effective treatment option for HCC with BDT. Obstructive jaundice is not a contraindication for surgery. Re-operation after relapse can provide good outcomes if the cases are appropriately selected.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bile Ducts , Pathology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Female , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography , Thrombosis , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339023

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between T lymphoma invasion and metastasis 1 (Tiam1) and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human colorectal carcinomas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tiam1, E-cadherin, CK, and vimentin expressions in normal colorectal epithelium, colorectal carcinomas (CRC) and CRC with lymphatic metastasis were determined by immunohistochemistry using a two-step method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Tiam1 expression was significantly higher in CRC than in normal colorectal epithelium (P<0.01) in close correlation to the degree of tumor differentiation (P<0.05). Higher Tiam1 expression was detected in CRC with lymphatic metastasis than in primary CRC (P<0.05). The expressions of E-cadherin and CK in CRC tissues were significantly lowered in comparison with those in normal colorectal epithelium (P<0.01), showing a correlation to tumor differentiation (P<0.01) but not to lymphatic metastasis. Vimentin was significantly overexpressed in CRC (P<0.01) and correlated to tumor differentiation (P<0.01) but not to lymphatic metastasis. Tiam1 expression was inversely correlated to E-cadherin and CK, but positively to vimentin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tiam1 is related to the metastasis of colorectal carcinoma, and may induce EMT to promote CRC metastasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cadherins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Movement , Physiology , Cell Transdifferentiation , Genetics , Physiology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Epithelial Cells , Pathology , Female , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Keratins , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , T-Lymphoma Invasion and Metastasis-inducing Protein 1 , Young Adult
17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 683-687, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306702

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role and molecular mechanism of resistin in inflammation of hepatocytes in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat models of NASH were established successfully. The expression of resistin mRNA and protein were examined by quantitative RT-PCR and immunohistolostaining, respectively. The murine hepatocytes AML-12 were incubated with recombinant resistin or LPS for 48 hours, and the concentration of TNF alpha, IL-6 in supernatant of AML-12 cells were quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the nuclear translocation NF- kappa B were observed by immunofluorescence.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The steatosis of hepatocytes, inflammation in the lobule and perisinusoidal fibrosis in livers were found, and the expression of resistin mRNA and protein were increased in livers of rat model of NASH. The expression of resistin mRNA was 2.5 and 4 time higher in 12 weeks and 16 weeks of rat models respectively than that in normal control. The positive staining of resistin protein can be found mainly around the central veins. The concentration of TNF alpha and IL-6 were (1.856 +/- 0.049) pg/ml and (9.463 +/- 1.216) pg/ml in supernantant of AML-12 cells 48 hours after recombinant resistin treatment, and (1.791 +/- 0.046) pg/ml, (8.738 +/- 1.101) pg/ml 48 hours after LPS treatment. There was no significant difference between them, but both were higher than that in normal control (P < 0.01). The NF- kappa B p65 nuclear translocation had been observed in AML-12 cells 3 hours after resistin or LPS treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Resistin can induce the production of TNF alpha, IL-6 and other inflammatory factors by hepatocytes, and therefore is an important inflammatory factor in NASH.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Disease Models, Animal , Fatty Liver , Metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Metabolism , Inflammation Mediators , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mice , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Resistin , Genetics , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 840-844, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354614

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>We tested a hypothesis that PPARgamma inhibits TGFbeta1-activation of TGFbeta receptor (TGFbetaR)-1 signaling in quiescent stellate cells, thereby abrogating Smad3 phosphorylation and inhibiting PAI-1 and collagen expressions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human stellate cells (HSC) were cultured in a medium containing isobutylmethylxanthine, dexamethasone and insulin (MDI) to induce a quiescent adipocytic phenotype one, and then they were treated with TGFbeta1 with or without SB431542, a TGFbetaR1 kinase inhibitor, or the PPARgamma agonist ciglitazone. Effects on Smad 3 phosphorylation, TGFbeta-responsive transcriptional activity, and expressions of collagen and PAI-1 were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Culturing HSC in MDI induced an adipocytic phenotype characterized by lipid accumulation and increased PPARgamma expression and transcriptional activity. TGFbeta1 treatment caused dose- and time-dependent increases in ECM gene expression, increasing collagen and PAI-1 mRNAs by 3 fold within 3 h and increasing PAI-1 protein levels by 8 fold within 6 h. Treatment with the TGFbetaR1 kinase inhibitor, SB431542, inhibited all of these responses. The PPARbeta agonist ciglitazone also caused a dose-dependent inhibition of TGFbeta1's fibrogenic actions. 1 mmol/L ciglitazone blocked TGFbeta1-transcriptional activity and abolished TGFbeta-mediated induction of collagen and PAI-1 expressions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The anti-fibrotic ability of PPARgamma agonist ciglitazone may be related to its ability to inhibit TGFbeta1-TGFbetaR1 signaling and blocking pSmad3-dependent induction of PAI-1 and collagen expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Benzamides , Pharmacology , Cell Line , Collagen , Metabolism , Dioxoles , Pharmacology , Gene Expression , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Metabolism , Humans , PPAR gamma , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Smad3 Protein , Metabolism , Thiazolidinediones , Pharmacology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Pharmacology
19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 450-455, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230570

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence and significance of peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) agonist rosiglitazone on the expression of I kappa B kinase-beta(IKK-beta) mRNA and protein induced by LPS in Kupffer cells (KCs) cultured in vitro and to investigate the activity of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) together with the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in livers of rats with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>(1) KCs from healthy Wistar rats were isolated and purified with IV collagenase digestion and gradient centrifugalization, and then were incubated in the presence or absence of LPS (1 microg/ml) together with two different concentrations of rosiglitazone (10 nmol/L and 50 nmol/L). (2) Thirty-eight healthy Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal blank control group (10 rats) fed with a normal diet and a NASH model group (28 rats) fed with a fat-rich diet (10% lard + 2% cholesterol + 5% corn oil). After the NASH model was established successfully and confirmed by pathological examination of the livers of 4 rats, 24 rats that continued with the high fat-rich diet, were divided into three groups (8 rats in each group): a control group fed normal saline (NS), a lower dose rosiglitazone group (1 mg.kg(-1).d(-1)) and a higher dose rosiglitazone group (4 mg.kg(-1).d(-1)) for 12 weeks. The mRNA expression of IKK-beta in KCs and COX-2 in livers were measured using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The IKK-beta protein in KCs and the NF-kappa B activity of hepatic tissues were determined respectively by Western blot and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). The concentration of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) in the supernatant of KCs cultures and serum of the rats was quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LPS significantly increased the expression of IKK-beta mRNA and protein in the KCs and the concentration of TNF alpha in the supernatant of the KCs cultures. The expressions of COX-2 mRNA and protein were more obvious in rats with NASH than those in the normal control group, and the binding activity of NF-kB correlated positively with the expression of COX-2 in the livers and the level of serum TNF alpha of model rats as well. Rosiglitazone blocked the expression of IKK-beta mRNA and protein induced by LPS in KCs, and also inhibited NF-kappa B activation and reduced COX-2 expression in the rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PPAR-gamma specific agonist rosiglitazone can play an anti-inflammatory role by IKK-beta/I kappa B/NF-kappa B/TNF alpha signal ways, and minimize inflammatory reaction at cellular and molecular levels. This may help to provide a new idea for treating NASH effectively.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Metabolism , Fatty Liver , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Hypoglycemic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , I-kappa B Kinase , Metabolism , Male , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , PPAR gamma , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Signal Transduction , Thiazolidinediones , Therapeutic Uses , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337377

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the in vivo colonization, migration, and differentiation of in vitro cultured human fetal hepatic stem cells (HSCs) following intrasplenic transplantation for treatment of acute liver injury in mice with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human fetal HSCs were isolated from the normal fetal liver (16-24 weeks) and purified, and the morphology of HSCs was observed under optical and transmission electron microscopes. The expressions of stem cell markers were examined in these HSCs by means of immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry. The passaged human fetal HSC suspension (0.2 ml) were injected into the spleen of SCID mice with acute liver injury induced by two-third partial hepatectomy, and 15, 30, 60, and 90 days after cell transplantation, immunohistochemistry was performed to examine the location and expressions of human hepatocytes, alpha1-AT and AFP antigen in the spleen and liver of the recipient SCID mice. PAS staining was used to examine the expression of glycogen and RT-PCR employed for detection of the expressions of AFP and albumin mRNA in the spleen of the mice on the scheduled time points.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Under optical microscope and transmission electron microscope, most of the HSCs were small, about 1/6 to 1/3 of the size of the hepatocyte, with relatively large nucleus-cytoplasm ratio and only small quantities of endocytoplasmic reticulum, chondriosome, and ribosome. Immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry identified positive expressions of AFP, Thy-1, C-kit, CD34 and CK19 in the HSCs, and after cell transplantation, positive expressions of human hepatocyte, alpha1-AT, and AFP antigen occurred in the liver and spleen of the recipient SCID mice. PAS staining confirmed the presence of glycogenosome in the spleen of the mice following cell transplantation. RT-PCR on days 30, 60, and 90 showed positive expressions of human AFP and albumin mRNA in the spleen of the mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Human fetal HSCs can survive and settle in the spleen and liver, and migrate to the damaged liver of the recipient mice after intrasplenic transplantation, with the capacity of proliferation and differentiation into hepatocytes in the recipient target organs.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Female , Fetal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Transplantation , Flow Cytometry , Hepatectomy , Methods , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Transplantation , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Liver , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, SCID , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Spleen , Metabolism , General Surgery , Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Transplantation, Heterologous , alpha-Fetoproteins , Genetics
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