Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 324-328, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the distribution characteristics of single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) rs7072793 and rs3118470 in the 5′ flanking region of(cluster of differentiation 25, CD25) gene in Han males in the naturally high radiation background area(HBRA). METHODS: A random sampling method was used to select 48 and 51 healthy Han males from Tangkou town(HBRA group) in Yangjiang City and Hengpo town(control group) in Enping City, respectively, as the study subjects. The molecular mass array method was used to classify the genotype of the SNP sites rs7072793 and rs3118470 of CD25 gene in these subjects. The distribution difference of the alleles and genotypes was analyzed in individuals of these two groups. The allele frequency of HBRA population was compared with the distribution data of different populations in the Human Genome Project.RESULTS: The distribution of allele frequencies of rs7072793 and rs3118470 in both groups were consistent with the H-W equilibrium law of genetics(all P>0.05). In the HBRA group, variant allele C(58.3%) and genotype TC(50.0%) were dominant at rs7072793, wild-type allele T(55.2%) and genotype TC(56.2%) were dominant at rs3118470. There was no significant difference in the allele and genotype distributions between these two groups(all P>0.05). There was a difference of rs7072793 in the HBRA group compared to that of African and European populations, and rs3118470 in the HBRA group compared with the allele distribution frequencies in Africa, Europe and America populations(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In the male population of Han nationality in Yangjiang HBRA area, the alleles of rs7072793 and rs3118470 in the 5′ flanking region of CD25 gene were mainly C and T, respectively, and the genotypes were mainly TC. These two loci may have high genetic variability.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 703-710, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish an indicator system for risk assessment on occupational dust hazards and verify its application. METHODS: Using Delphi method,two rounds of investigation were made from 30 experts who work on frontline occupational health. The indicator system for risk assessment was established based on the investigation,statistics and boundary value,in fully consideration with the interaction of three basic elements of“dust inherent characteristics-laborers factors-influencing factors”. The indicator system was applied to evaluate the risk of 90 workplaces in the presence of dust occupational risk factors. RESULTS: The positive coefficient of experts' opinion was 90%,and the coefficient of experts' authority was 0. 808. The coefficient of experts' consensus was 0. 50( χ~2= 120. 56,P < 0. 01). The indicator system for risk assessment on occupational hazards of dust factors has been successfully established. This system included three class A indicators,nine class B indicators and twenty-eight class C indicators. The total coincidence rate of assessments on the risk level of occupational dust hazards of workplaces was 60%( Kappa = 0. 452,P < 0. 01). CONCLUSION: This indicator system was objective,scientific and feasible,and could reflect the actual levels of occupational dust hazards.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 121-125, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277677

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the serum leptin and adiponectin levels among relatively healthy older people and their association with traditional cardiovascular risk factors.Methods Personal medical history and blood sample were collected from 1515 older people of Guangzhou.Fasting serum glucose,lipids,leptin and adiponectin were measured.Results(1)In relatively healthy older adults aged 50 or above,from Guangzhou,the following data were seen:serum leptin levels(x-±s)in men and women were(3.90±2.36)ng/ml and(12.17 ±2.01)ng/ml respectively;serum adiponectin levels in men and women were(5.33 ± 2.78)mg/L and(7.18 ± 2.58)mg/L respectively.(2)Serum leptin and adiponectin level increased with age.After adjusting for body mass index,the trend for serum leptin level in men(P<0.001)and adiponectin level in women(P<0.05)were significantly associated with age.(3)No association was found between cigarette smoking and levels of leptin or adiponectin in both men and women after adjusting for age(P from 0.09 to 0.76).(4)In both men and women,serum leptin and adiponectin levels were positively associated with waist circumference/body mass index,systolic blood pressure,low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride(P from 0.04 to<0.001).In men,leptin was also significantly associated with the increase of diastolic blood pressure and glucose but decreased with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(P from 0.03 to 0.02).(5)Decreased adiponectin level was associated with increased waist circumference and triglyceride in both men and women(P from 0.003 to<0.001)and with the increased body mass index,fasting plasma glucose as well as with decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in men(P from 0.05 to<0.001)but with increased systolic blood pressure and total cholesterol in women(P from 0.05 to 0.006).Conclusion In Guangzhou city,among relatively healthy older adults aged 50 or above,their serum leptin and adiponectin levels were lower in men than in women.Serum leptin level in men and adiponectin level in women were significantly associated with the increase of age.Increased leptin and decreased adiponectin levels were associated with increased traditional cardiovascular risk factors.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 742-746, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341045

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the association between genetic polymorphism of rs1409181 in ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) among older Chinese in Guangzhou. Methods 390 subjects aged ≥50 years were randomly selected from the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study-CVD. Information on personal history, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose and lipids were collected. Color Doppler ultrasound was used to measure the indicators of LVH, including left ventricular internal diastolic diameter (LVIDD) , thickness of the interventricular septum diastolic wall (IVSD) and the posterior wall diastolic diameter (LVPWD). LVIDD was calculated using Devereux ventricular mass (LVM)equation while the Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) equation was used to estimate LVH. The genotype of rs1409181 was determined by Taqman SNP genotyping kits using the ABI 7900HT real time PCR system. Results In the GG, CG and CC genotype groups, the proportions of LVH were 21.5%, 28.2% and 37.5% respectively. Compared with GG, the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for the LVH were 1.39(0.78-2.50) and 2.36(1.21-4.60) for CG genotype and CC genotype of ENPP1 respectively (P for trend=0.01). Conclusion Polymorphism of ENPP1 gene rs1409181 was associated with LVH in the older Chinese people in Guangzhou.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 983-987, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341019

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the dose-response relationship of smoking status with carotid atherosclerosis in 959 relatively healthy Chinese men. Methods 959 older Chinese men were selected from Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study (GBCS) on cardiovascular disease. Personal histories were collected and fasting plasma glucose and lipids, blood pressure, and common carotid artery intima-median thickness (CCA-IMT) were measured. Results ( 1 ) Composition of the cases:39.1% were non-smokers, 25.7% were former smokers and 35.2% were current smokers. The mean (95% confidence interval) carotid IMT was 0.78 (0.77-0.79) mm. 18.4% of the subjects had carotid IMT equal to or thicker than 1.0 mm while 34.1% had carotid plaque. (2)After adjusting for age, sex,physical activity, body mass index, fasting glucose, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol,systolic and diastolic blood pressure, compared to never smokers, current smokers had significantly increased risk for thicker IMT and carotid plaque [odds ratio (OR) = 1.82, 95% GI: 1.30-2.55 and OR=1.95, 95%CI: 1.38-2.75, respectively, all P<0.001]. The risk for thicker IMT and carotid plaque increased with the increasing amount (cigarettes/day) and duration of smoking (years) as well with cigarette pack-years (P for trend all ≤0.01 ). Conclusion An elevated risk with a clear doseresponse relationship was found between cigarette smoking and carotid atherosclerosis. Quitting smoking or reducing the amount of smoking may lower the risk of atherosclerosis, preventing and controlling the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, and reducing the related cardiovascular mortalities.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 462-465, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266500

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the impact of International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) physical activity intensity on to the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Chinese elderly. Methods A total number of 1996 residents aged 50 or above living in Guangzhou city were recruited from the phase 3 of the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study. Information on physical activity and fasting plasma glucose status was derived from standardized interviews and laboratory assays. Results Among the participants who were classified as physically active (60.0%), moderate active (29.8%) and inactive (10.2%), the prevalence rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus were 9.1%, 12.0%and 14.2%,respectively. After adjustment on age, sex, obesity and other potential confounding factors, data from logistic regression model showed that the odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for diabetes on subjects in physically moderate active and active group were 0.75 (0.46-1.26)and 0.60 (0.38-0.97) respectively with P for trend as 0.03, when comparing to those physically inactive ones. Conclusion Promotion of physical activity might have had some effects in reducing the risk of diabetes mellitus among the older adults.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 776-779, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261282

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of lifestyle-related,physiological and biochemical factors on aortic arch calcification(AAC).Methods 20 430 subjects aged 50 to 85 years were included in this study from the first and second recruitment phase of the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study.All the subjects received face-to-face interviews to collect detailed information on their socio-demographic background,occupational exposures,living environment,lifestyle,family and personal disease histories,and received a physical examination and tests including 12-lead ECG,chest radiograph,and pulmonary function testing.Each subject was screened for a range of fasting biochemical parameters.Radiographs were reviewed by two senior radiologists.300 radiographs were independently read by the two radiologists to assess agreement using Kappa coefficient.Logistic regression was used to assess the association between life style,physiological and biocheroical factors and AAC.Resuits (1)The rate of agreement on diagnosis for the two radiologists was 85% and Kappa coefficient was 0.68(P<0.01) which showed a moderate agreementbetween the two radiologists.(2) Except hypertension,the subjects were significantly difierent on their lifestyle,physiological and biochemical factors in both men and women(P<0.05).(3)AAC was significantly associated with older age,smoking status,LDL-C,and hypertension(P<0.01)in both genders.Ors(95%CI)indicated the following results:age was 1.11(1.10-1.12) in men and 1.12 (1.12-1.13)in women;smoking as 1.31(1.17-1.47)in men and 1.31(1.09-1.57)in women;LDL-Cas 1.16(1.06-1.27) in men and 1.38(1.22-1.56) in women,hypertension as 1.33(1.18-1.50) in men and 1.27(1.18-1.38) in women.However,diabetes was found to be associated with an increased risk of AAC in women[OR(95%CI)]1.38(1.22-1.56).Conclusion Age,smoking,hypertension and Low-density lipoprotcin level were risk factors to beth genders,on AAC,while diabetes increased the risk of AAC,in women.

8.
Tumor ; (12): 859-863, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849286

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of estrogen receptor (ER) codon 325 and progestin receptor (PR) +331G/A gene with the risk of breast cancer and the influence of the two genes combined with the environmental risk factors on breast cancer. Methods: A case-control study was performed. Two hundred and six cases with newly diagnosed breast cancer were collected. Two hundred and fourteen healthy women were matched according to age frequency (± three years). The epidemiological data were collected by questionnaire using structured tables. The 3 mL venous blood was collected and the genotypes of ER codon 325 and PR + 331 G/A were determined by fluorescent quantitative PCR. Results: Compared with CC, the adjusted OR was 0.99 (95% CI: 0.61-1.61) and 1. 13 (95% CI:O. 62-2. 04) for CG genotype and GG genotype of ER-codon 325, respectively. The adjusted OR was 1.51 (95% CI: 0.74-3.07) for GG genotype of PR + 331 G/A. No synergistic effects of ER codon 325 and PR + 331 G/A were observed in increasing the risk of breast cancer (Trend analysis, P = 0.409). The adjusted OR was 3.57 (95% CI: 1. 21-10. 52) for the ER codon 325 CG- and GG-genotyped women with spontaneous abortion history compared with that in CC-genotyped women without spontaneous abortion history. Additive models test demonstrated that the difference tended to be significant (S = 3.06, AP = 0.97, u = 1.898 1 , P = 0.058 8). Conclusion: The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of ER codon 325 and PR + 331 G/A genes are not associated with the risk of breast cancer. The SNP of ER codon 325 with spontaneous abortion history tends to synergistically increase the risk of breat cancer.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343054

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the methylation of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and p16 gene in the sputum cells of radon-exposed population. To provide the experimental base for finding the molecular biomarker of the high risk population of the radon-induced lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>91 radon-exposed workers were divided into 4 groups, high dosage group (> 120 WLM), middle dosage group (between 60 and 120 WLM), low dosage group (between 30 and 60 WLB) and lower dosage group (between 2 and 30 WLM) according to the accumulated exposure dosage of the radon daughters. The abnormal methylation of p16 and MGMT gene in the sputum cells of the population in the four groups was detected with the methylation specific PCR (MSP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was significantly upward trend for the p16 gene methylation rate (0.00%-20.00%), the MGMT gene methylation rate (0.00%-28.00%) and the total methylation rate (0.00%-40.00%) with the increase of the accumulated exposure dosage of the radon daughters (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The methylation of p16 and MGMT gene is related to the accumulate exposure dosage of the radon daughters.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinogens, Environmental , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Humans , Male , O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , Occupational Exposure , Radon , Radon Daughters , Sputum , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL