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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 944-953, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878119

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has rapidly spread throughout the world. In this study, we aimed to identify the risk factors for severe COVID-19 to improve treatment guidelines.@*METHODS@#A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted on 313 patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Patients were classified into two groups based on disease severity (nonsevere and severe) according to initial clinical presentation. Laboratory test results and epidemiological and clinical characteristics were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to detect potential risk factors associated with severe COVID-19.@*RESULTS@#A total of 289 patients (197 nonsevere and 92 severe cases) with a median age of 45.0 (33.0, 61.0) years were included in this study, and 53.3% (154/289) were male. Fever (192/286, 67.1%) and cough (170/289, 58.8%) were commonly observed, followed by sore throat (49/289, 17.0%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that patients who were aged ≥ 65 years (OR: 2.725, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.317-5.636; P = 0.007), were male (OR: 1.878, 95% CI: 1.002-3.520, P = 0.049), had comorbid diabetes (OR: 3.314, 95% CI: 1.126-9.758, P = 0.030), cough (OR: 3.427, 95% CI: 1.752-6.706, P < 0.001), and/or diarrhea (OR: 2.629, 95% CI: 1.109-6.231, P = 0.028) on admission had a higher risk of severe disease. Moreover, stratification analysis indicated that male patients with diabetes were more likely to have severe COVID-19 (71.4% vs. 28.6%, χ2 = 8.183, P = 0.004).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical characteristics of those with severe and nonsevere COVID-19 were significantly different. The elderly, male patients with COVID-19, diabetes, and presenting with cough and/or diarrhea on admission may require close monitoring to prevent deterioration.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/pathology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Cough , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diarrhea , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825804

ABSTRACT

Objective:Both antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARBs) and antibiotic resistant genes (ARGs) are considered as one of the most dangerous environmental pollutants in the 21st century by the WHO. This study aims to understand the ARGs of Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) with multiple drug resistance bacterium from the marine water collected from a beach at Sanya Bay, and to explore the antibiotic resistance mechanism of the K. pneumoniae, providing a basis for exploring the transfer of drug resistance genes of beach, and preventing and controlling the health risk of entertainment population.Methods:The sample of marine water were collected and screened by Mcconkey plate. The drug sensitive test was detected by Merieux VITEK2, The DNA was extracted and one strain of 16srDNA was sequenced and identified as K. pneumoniae. Whole-genome resequencing was performed using Illumina HiseqXten platform, and the obtained sequences were compared with NCBI blasting. The reference bacterium were multi-resistant K. pneumoniae HS11286. Plasmids were extracted and the resistant genes were identified.Results:The ARGs encoding protein was 117/4801 (identity > 40%) and the carrying rate was 2.436 9%. The identity of following ARGs of OKPB, sul1, rpoB, ef-tu, phoP, sul2, AAC(6’)-ib-cr, QnrB, floR, aadA16 were more than 99%. The strain showed resistance to ampicillin, ticacillin/clavulanic acid and chloramphenicol, and was intermediate to ampicillin/sulbactam, compound sulfamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, minocycline. Preliminary positioning showed that Qnrs, sul1, tetA, cat, QacE were carried on plasmid.Conclusion:The multiple drug resistant bacteria strain has a variety of different resistant phenotypes, some ARGs can be easily spread by plasmid. It probably will bring exposure risk to people for entertainment. Sensibility of some antibiotics were on the brink of resistance, It is necessary to tracking corresponding antibiotics pollution and strengthening monitoring of ARBs and mobile resistant elements of bacteria.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311541

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy and safety of 3 different regimens, namely MAC, FLAG and CAG, as the re-induction chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia(AML) patients with primary induction failure and relapse.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 156 AML patients with primary induction failure and relapse, except patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL), treated with any of the above 3 regimens in our center from January 2008 to April 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the treatment regimens, 156 patients were divided into MAC group (n=60), FLAG group (n=45) and CAG group (n=51). The complete remission(CR), partial remissison(PR), overall survival(OS), disease-free survival(DFS) and adverse events during the treatment were analyzed, so as to compare and evaluate the efficacy and safety of the 3 different regimens.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 1 course of re-induction chemotherapy, CR in MAC group was significantly higher than that in FLAG and CAG group (55.4% vs 34.1% vs 34.0%)(P<0.05). The OS was not statistically significantly different among 3 groups (P>0.05) with a median OS of 11 months, 5.46 months and 10.2 months, respectively. The myelosuppression was the main adverse event with no significant difference among the groups(P>0.05). More patients treated with MAC regimen underwent febrile neutropenia (93.3% vs 86.7% vs 64.7%)(P<0.001). However, the incidence of fatal infections was not signicantly different among 3 groups(5% vs 8.9% vs 5.9%)(P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with FLAG and CAG regimen, the MAC regimen can enable more AML patients with primary induction failure and refractory to achieve CR without increasing severe adverse events,therefore,this regimen may provide a opportunity for patients to recieve hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.</p>

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246849

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the long-term clinical effect of autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PB-MNC) on critical limb ischemia (CLI) in patients with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 22 patients with CLI caused by TAO from July 2004 to May 2013 were analyzed retrospectively, 22 patients were divided into 2 groups; out of them 12 cases in one group were treated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mobilized autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (auto-PBMNC group), 10 cases in another group received conservative treatment (CT group). The log-rank test was used to compare the long-term outcomes in auto-PBMNC group and CT group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The wound healing rate (P=0.016) and CLI-free rate (P=0.013) were significantly higher in PB-MNC group compared with that in CT group. No difference was found in amputation rates between the 2 groups (major amputation: P=0.361, minor and major amputation: P=0.867). No patients died or no serious adverse events occurred during the follow-up period.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The auto-PBMNC therapy can significantly promote the wound healing, and protect against CLI in TAO patients, but the risk of amputation is not low in comparison with conservative treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Amputation , Extremities , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Humans , Ischemia , Therapeutics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Thromboangiitis Obliterans , Therapeutics , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301420

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the indications, surgery methods and effects of the BAHA implantation by analyzing the patients' medical records of bone-anchored hearing aids(BAHA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retrospective analyzed the records of 16 patients of BAHA implantation, including nine males and seven females. Their average age was 31 years old (8-53ys). Nine of them were congenital ear malformation, two were chronic suppurative otitis media, two were otosclerosis and three were unilateral severe sensorineural deafness. We evaluated their pure tone audiometry (PTA), speech audiometry and temporal CT before the surgery, and evaluated the aided PTA in soundfield and speech audiometry in sound field.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>These patients received BAHA implantation and installed the speech processor their months later. The average preoperative PTA measurements (PTA at 0.5, 1, 2, 4 kHz) was (63.2 ± 19.0) dB HL and postoperative aided PTA in sound field was (35.5 ± 10.9)dB HL. The average improvement in Hearing In Noise Test (HINT) was 37.0% ± 31.7%. The average improvement in Mandarin Speech Test was 76.0% ± 19.7%. After 4-16 months' follow-up, no significant complications were recorded.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BAHA is a safe and effective bone implantable hearing device.</p>


Subject(s)
Audiometry , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Audiometry, Speech , Bone Conduction , Ear , Female , Hearing , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Hearing Tests , Humans , Male , Noise , Otosclerosis , Prostheses and Implants , Retrospective Studies , Sound
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 112-114, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353532

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the efficacy and its correlation with species of transplant cells of autologous mobilized peripheral blood (PB) mononucleated cells (MNCs) transplantation on 59 patients with lower limbs ischemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-nine patients were evaluated with symptoms scores and after that their PBMNCs were mobilized and collected and then injected into the ischemic area at equal distance. They effectiveness and scores were evaluated at 7th day and 4th month after therapy. The correlation of CD34(+) cells and of MNCs with effectiveness was analysed respectively, and formula for correlations between them and effectiveness was calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After MNCs injection, the effectiveness was observed both at 7th day and 4th month. The correlation of MNCs with effectiveness was stronger than that of CD34(+) cells (the effectiveness was represented by nimodipine value), According to the formula of nimodipine value, the value of the latter = 0.484 + 1.055 × CD34(+) cells number and the former = 0.288 + 0.401 × MNCs number with a correlation coefficient of R = 0.461 (P = 0.047) and R = 0.473 (P = 0.000) respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Autologous mobilized PBMNCs number is a better indicator for effectiveness than CD34(+) cells number.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Ischemia , General Surgery , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Monocytes , Transplantation , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , General Surgery , Transplantation, Autologous
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277563

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical features and the surgical treatment outcomes of patients with tuberculous otitis media and mastoiditis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The medical records of 16 patients (18 ears) with tuberculous otitis media and mastoiditis, who received surgery in Beijing Tongren hospital, were reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The common symptoms were otorrhea and hearing loss, and 3 patients demonstrated severe sensorineural hearing loss. Three patients demonstrated a peripheral-type facial palsy. Temporal bone high resolution CT scans demonstrated the entire tympanum and mastoid air cells were occupied by soft tissue. Eleven patients demonstrated bone destruction and sequestra was found in 7 temporal bones. Contemporary pulmonary tuberculosis were diagnosed in 7 of the 16 patients. Surgical removal of disease lesions in combination with anti-tuberculosis treatment were given to 15 patients. Other than 2 cases of tuberculous otitis media and mastoiditis diagnosed by pre-operational biopsy through the perforated tympanic membrane, the remaining 14 cases were diagnosed intra-operatively or post-operatively. No relapse of tuberculosis in the middle ear and mastoid were found after follow-up for more than 1 year, except for the one case that was lost to follow-up. The 3 cases of facial nerve palsy almost recovered to normal.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Clinicians should suspect tuberculous otitis media and mastoiditis if clinical findings include refractory otorrhea, total occupation of the tympanic cavity and mastoid ari cells by soft tissue, and erosion of the bone or sequestra as shown by CT. A history of tuberculosis should be asked carefully in order to differentiate tuberculous otitis media and mastoiditis. The patients who received surgery and anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy achieved more rapid healing of the ear.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Lost to Follow-Up , Male , Mastoiditis , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Middle Aged , Otitis Media , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tuberculosis , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245946

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical features, differential diagnosis and management of congenital stenosis of external auditory canal (CSEAC) with cholesteatoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical information for 10 cases of CSEAC with cholesteatoma was retrospectively reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients' ages ranged from 4.75 to 22 years (average 12 years). The diameter of the external auditory canal (EAC) was < 2 mm. All 10 ears had a history of postural fistulae or sinuses. Bone erosion of EAC was distinctly shown in high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of all cases, as well as soft tissue masses, which led to enlargement of the bony canals. All patients underwent canaloplasty; eight ears received hearing reconstructions at the same time. Cholesteatoma in EACs was confirmed during the operations, accompanied by compression and destruction of the post-superior and/or inferior bony wall. Postoperative pathologic examinations proved the diagnosis of cholesteatoma, and excluded any tissue of bronchial cleft cyst or fistula. After a follow-up 1 to 3 years, no recurrent cholesteatoma was found in any of the 10 cases. All reconstructed EACs were clean and smooth. The hearing levels in the eight ears that received hearing reconstructions improved 20 - 35 dBHL.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In CSEAC with cholesteatoma, the bony wall of EAC is most commonly involved. This involvement will lead to bone erosion of the EAC and may subsequently lead to the formation of postural or cervical sinuses. HRCT of temporal bone can show characteristic signs of soft tissue mass in EAC, with adjacent bone erosion.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Cholesteatoma , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Constriction, Pathologic , Cutaneous Fistula , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Ear Canal , Congenital Abnormalities , Ear Diseases , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248185

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of the prognostic factors on long-term surgical outcome in myringoplasty.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retrospective cohort 205 patients (223 ears) with sandwich temporal fascia myringoplasty were analyzed using the multiple logistic regression analysis. The charts of inpatients had undergone myringoplasty before at least 2 years between January 1999 and November 2003 at Beijing Tongren Hospital. Postoperative follow-up rate was 78.2%. Their ages ranged from 12 to 65 years (mean = 34. 3 years). Their durations of disease ranged from 1 month to 25 years (mean = 16.07 months). The effect of prognostic factors on myringoplasty were investigated by variables noted from patients' files such as age, sex, causes of disease, duration of disease, period of dry ear of disease, operation types, places of tympanic membrane perforation, size of tympanic membrane perforation, status of middle ear and status of eardrum.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 11 ears with re-perforation of eardrum at the last follow-up. Successful closure of the tympanic membrane perforation was obtained in 95.1% of the ears (212 ears) with 2 to 5 years follow-up. There were 26 ears with other complications at the last follow-up. Operations were successful in 186 patients. The overall take rate of the myringoplasty was 83.4%. Multiple logistic regression analysis (ward) was subsequently carried out on these prognostic factors on overall take rate of the myringoplasty and yielded the following classification. Relative importance of the predictive variables was as follows: size of tympanic membrane perforation (OR = 1.900), duration of disease (OR = 1.003) and period of dry ear of disease (OR = 0.908). Hearing outcomes: the average air-bone gap improvement was 7.0 dB and the average air conduction improvement was 6.8 dB for all 175 myringoplasty procedures.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>A long term follow-up was important. Late atelectatic pocket was a late complication and a cause of failure. A relatively smaller tympanic membrane perforation, a relatively shorter duration of disease and a relatively longer period of dry ear of disease were found to be significant prognostic factors positively influencing the success rate of myringoplasty.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myringoplasty , Methods , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tympanic Membrane Perforation , General Surgery , Young Adult
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 147-150, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291429

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical characteristics and pathogenesis of hematidrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Detailed clinical manifestations and natural history of a patient with hematidrosis were presented. A series of laboratory examinations were performed, and skin pathohistologic features and ultra microscopic structures were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The episodes of skin bleeding occurred on any site of the body spontaneously and promptly. The skin surface bloody extravasation has identical cell components as that of peripheral blood. All the results of laboratory tests were normal except a positive Trousseau's test. Skin pathohistological study revealed some intradermal bleeding and emphraxised capillaries. No abnormality was found in sweat glands, hair follicles and sebaceous glands.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pathological basis for hematidrosis might be a distinctive vasculitis.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Hemorrhage , Pathology , Humans , Skin , Pathology , Skin Diseases , Pathology
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 308-311, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354887

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy of mobilized autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) transplantation in a 48 years old patient with lower limb arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>rhG-CSF 600 micro g/d for 5 days to mobilize stem cells. On the fifth day, PBSC were collected with a Version 4 blood-cells separator. Three hours late, the PBSC were intramuscularly injected into the ischemic areas of the two lower limbs (3 x 10(9) cells per limb). The clinical and laboratory findings were monitored every week for 3 months. Forty-four days after the implantation, left lower limb with severe ASO was given an additional implantation of the same number of cells as the first time.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The peripheral blood CD(34)(+) cells were increased from 0.18% to 0.75% after 5 days of rhG-CSF mobilization. Three months after the first stem cell transplantation, severe pain lameness, local cool-feeling and ulcer were improved, and ABI increased from 0.49, 0.69 to 0.50, 0.85, the amplitude of blood flow and laser Doppler blood perfusion were also significantly improved (P < 0.01). At the same time, digital subtraction angiographic scores for new collateral vessel formation were showed as + 3(rich). No related complication or adverse effect were observed during the 3-month observation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Transplantation of mobilized autologous PBSC might be a simple, safe, and effective method for the treatment of ASO.</p>


Subject(s)
Arteriosclerosis Obliterans , Therapeutics , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Autologous
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