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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) in evaluating dynamic balance function in stroke patients. Methods:From September, 2018 to November, 2019, 38 stroke hemiplegic patients of Brunnstrom IV and above who could walk independently were included. They completed SEBT by two testers; the anterior, posteromedial and posterolateral extension standardized distance of the affected leg support were recorded. One of the testers measured SEBT again the day after the next day. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated. The limits of stability on different directions were measured with active balancer EAB-100 (EAB) and tested with Timed 'Up & Go' Test (TUGT) by the third tester. The correlation of SEBT to EAB and TUGT was analyzed with Pearson correlation coefficient. Results:ICCs of three directions was 0.892 to 0.951 between testers, and 0.888 to 0.963 of test-retest. The standardized distance of three directions of SEBT correlated with the anterior and lateral stability limits of EAB (r = 0.479 to 0.671, P < 0.05), as well as TUGT (r = -0.557~-0.633, P < 0.05). Conclusion:SEBT is valid and reliable for evaluation of the dynamic balance for stroke patients of Brunnstrom IV and above who can walk independently.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905247

ABSTRACT

The evaluation of balance includes clinical observation, scales and instrumental measures. Functional Reach Test is simple and can be carried out in both standing and sitting, but the error of reading the measuring ruler is large, which results in new moving rulers and inertial sensors. The factors influencing the results of Functional Reach Test are moving strategy, age, moving efficiency, goal orientation, single or double arms, human characteristics, number of experiments and others. In the future, combination of electromyogram and inertia sensor can be used to discuss the variety of muscles and the changes of muscle strength, and more influence factors for the test are needed to research.

3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 433-445, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887679

ABSTRACT

Migraine is a neurological disorder characterized by attacks of moderate or severe headache and various neurological symptoms. Acupuncture, as a commonly used non-pharmacological therapy, has the advantage of obvious therapeutic effect and few side effects in the prevention and treatment of migraine. But the underlying mechanism of acupuncture on migraine remains unclear. Recently, advances in neuroimaging technology have helped to objectively assess the effect of acupuncture on treating migraine and offered new opportunities to explore the central mechanism of acupuncture on treating migraine. In order to better understand the current status of neuroimaging studies on the therapeutic mechanism of acupuncture on migraine and shed light on future research, this review aims to overview the neuroimaging studies in recent 10 years from two aspects: (1) Central mechanism of acupuncture on treating acute migraine attack; (2) Central mechanism of acupuncture on preventing migraine attack.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Neuroimaging
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1478-1485, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887073

ABSTRACT

In this study, the fatty acid desaturase gene FAD2 was cloned from Coix lacryma-jobi L. and its molecular structure and function were studied. The results showed that the full-length cDNA sequence of FAD2 gene was 936 bp encoding 311 amino acid residues. Bioinformatics prediction results showed that the protein encoded by the FAD2 gene was an alkaline hydrophilic unstable protein with a molecular weight of 34.87 kDa. It contained three transmembrane helix domain, and did not contain the signal peptide splicing site, and was most likely to be located in plasmid membrane. Compared with other similar genes in plants, it has only a histidine conserved site, His Box Ⅲ histidine site (HXXHH), suggesting its activity may be reduced. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that FAD2 was closely related to monocotyledonous plants, especially Maize and Oryza sativa japonica Group, but farther from dicotyledonous plants. Therefore, it was inferred that FAD2 might have similar functions with similar genes in Maize and Oryza sativa japonica Group. In addition, the expression of FAD2 gene could be detected in Coix lacryma-jobi L. with high oil content, but not in low oil content of Coix lacryma-jobi L. In order to clarify the function of FAD2, the gene was heterologously expressed in sporomyces cerevisiae. The results showed that the protein encoded by FAD2 gene did not catalyze the formation of C18∶1 unsaturated fatty acid into C18∶2 unsaturated fatty acid. Therefore, it was speculated that the deletion of histidinine conserved site of FAD2 gene might lead to the decrease of protein activity or even inactivation. This study provides reference value for further understanding the molecular structure characteristics of fatty acid desaturase. At the same time, it laid a foundation for elucidating the biosynthetic pathway of Coix lacryma-jobi L.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1109-1119, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886989

ABSTRACT

Studies have found that metformin is not only the preferred drug for lowering blood sugar, but also shows lipid-lowering and weight-loss effects. The purpose of this study was to use a hyperlipidemia hamster model to investigate the lipid-lowering effect of metformin and its effect on important metabolic pathways in lipid metabolism disorders. Fifty golden hamsters were divided into a control group, a model group, metformin high- and low-dose groups, and a simvastatin group. A high-fat diet was fed for 1 week to create the model, and then drug was administered for 11 weeks with the high-fat diet. Serum was taken for measurement of blood lipid and blood glucose at 2, 6, and 9 weeks after administration, and at weeks 3, 5, and 9 feces and urine were collected for 1H NMR metabolomics tests. After 11 weeks of intravenous injection of [U-13C6] glucose, serum was collected for a 13C NMR metabolic flux test. The results showed that the administration of metformin can significantly reduce blood lipids and glucose levels and can significantly affect metabolic pathways such as sugar metabolism, lipid metabolism, ketone metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and intestinal flora metabolism. The results of the metabolic flux analysis showed that the high-fat diet reduced the metabolism of tricarboxylic acids by 37.48%. After administration of low and high doses of metformin the metabolism of tricarboxylic acid increased by 98.14% and 143.10%, respectively. After administration of simvastatin tricarboxylic acid metabolism increased by 33.18%. The results indicate that metformin has a significant effect on promoting energy metabolism. This study used a combination of metabolomics and metabolic flow to explore the effect of metformin on lipid metabolism disorders and quantifies changes in the key pathway of energy metabolism-the tricarboxylic acid cycle. This study provides useful information for the study of the efficacy and mechanism of metformin, as well as a practical technical method for the screening of lipid-lowering drugs based on a hamster model.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 610-617, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873774

ABSTRACT

As a key gene in the regulation of long-chain fatty acid biosynthesis, 3-ketoacyl-CoA synthase (KCS) plays an important role in the growth and development of Coix lacryma-jobi L. In this study, the KCS gene was cloned from cDNA of Coix lachryma-Jobi L. and bioinformatics analysis was performed. Results showed that the full length KCS gene was 1 548 bp encoding 515 amino acids. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that the gene encoded a 58 608.12 Da protein with an isoelectric point of 9.20 containing two transmembrane helical structure domains and lacking a signal peptide, with a likely subcellular localization in main plastid membranes. The results of multiple sequence comparisons and evolutionary tree analysis revealed that KCS had three identical conserved sequences and was closely related to KCS from monocotyledons such as Sorghum bicolor, Zea mays, Setaria italica, Panicum miliaceum, Oryza brachyantha, Hordeum vulgare, Aegilops tauschii subsp. Tauschii. We speculated that the evolution of the gene was similar among these plants of the same family. In addition, gene expression analysis showed that the KCS gene was significantly different in Coix lacryma-jobi L. isolates having different lipid content. This work will facilitate further study of the regulatory mechanism of this enzyme in fatty acid synthesis.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922762

ABSTRACT

In a continuing search for biological natural products with structure diversity from traditional Chinese herbs, five new sesquineolignans (1-5) were isolated from an ethyl acetate extract of the twigs of Litsea cubeba. Their structures were elucidated based on MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data, as well as experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 1-5 showed moderate inhibitory effects against LPS-induced NO production in RAW264.7 macrophages, with IC


Subject(s)
Litsea , Macrophages , Molecular Structure
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921386

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To observe the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on mandibular bone regeneration and the expression of factors related to T helper cell 17 (Th17 cell) and regulatory T cell (Treg cell) in mice.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six 6-week-old C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into normal control (NC) and T2DM groups. Fasting blood glucose levels were detected 0 d, 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d after surgery for mandibular defects. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used in observing the bone after 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d of the healing process. Immunohistochemical staining was used in observing the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), forkhead box protein P3 (Foxp3), retinoic acid related orphan receptor gamma T (RORγt), and protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 2 (PTPN2) after 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d of healing.@*RESULTS@#HE staining showed that the area with new bones in the T2DM group was significantly smaller than that in the NC group. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the expression of osteogenesis related proteins ALP and RUNX2 were significantly reduced in the T2DM group. In addition, the number of RORγt positive cells increased, whereas the number of Foxp3 positive cells and the expression PTPN2 decreased significantly in the mandibular bone defect in mice with T2DM.@*CONCLUSIONS@#T2DM significantly inhibit mandibular bone regeneration in mice. Decline in PTPN2 expression and the transition of Treg and Th17 may be the underlying molecular mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Regeneration , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , TCF Transcription Factors , Th17 Cells
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between oxidative stress markers malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), magnetic resonance burden and vascular cognitive impairment in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease (CSVD).Methods:Totally 300 patients with ischemic cerebral small vessel diseases who were admitted to the Department of Neurology, North China University of Science and Technology Affiliated Hospital were selected as the research subjects, and 60 healthy outpatients in the same period were selected as the control group.According to the results of mini mental state examination(MMSE), patients with ischemic cerebral small vessel diseases were divided into cognitive normal group (106 cases) and cognitive impairment group (194 cases). The cognitive impairment group was further divided into mild cognitive impairment group (101 cases), moderate cognitive impairment group (58 cases ) and severe cognitive impairment group (35 cases) according to Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA). MDA and SOD were determined by double antibody sandwich method and the results were compared and analyzed.Results:(1) Compared with the control group(MDA: (8.40±1.81)μmol/L, SOD: (112.73±83.48)U/ml), the level of MDA increased while the level of SOD decreased significantly in normal group(MDA: (8.46±2.05)μmol/L, SOD: (108.90±88.72)U/ml) and cognitive impairment group(MDA: (12.19±7.02)μmol/L, SOD: (62.64±20.34)U/ml). Compared with the cognitive normal group, the level of SOD decreased significantly and MDA increased significantly in cognitive impairment group, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Compared with the normal cognitive group (1.18±1.10), the cognitive impairment group (1.93±1.05) had a higher MRI burden score ( P<0.05). (2)Multivariate analysis showed that the decrease of plasma SOD level( β=-0.024, OR=0.977, 95% CI=0.961-0.992)and the increase of plasma MDA level( β=0.110, OR=1.117, 95% CI=1.005-1.241)and the MRI overall burden( β=0.453, OR=1.573, 95% CI=1.011-2.446)were independent protective factors of vascular cognitive impairment in patients with ischemic CSVD.(3) Compared with mild cognitive impairment group(MDA: (9.79±5.79)μmol/L, SOD: (81.64±58.09)U/ml, MRI overall burdern (1.69±0.99)), the level of SOD decreased significantly and the level of MDA and the MRI overall burden increased significantly in moderate cognitive impairment group and severe cognitive impairment group(MDA: (7.95±2.44)μmol/L, SOD: (76.13±46.00)U/ml, MRI overall burden: (1.78±0.86)), (MDA: (11.16±6.68)μmol/L, SOD: (63.49±20.04)U/ml, MRI overall burden: (2.89±1.02). Compared with the moderate cognitive impairment group, the level of SOD decreased significantly and the level of MDA and the MRI overall burden increased significantly in the severe cognitive impairment group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Increased plasma MDA level, MRI burden score and decreased SOD level in patients with CSVD are all risk factors for the occurrence of cognitive impairment.It is suggested that oxidative stress injury and cerebral small vessel lesions may be involved in the occurrence and development of cognitive impairment of CSVD from multiple aspects.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of the recurrence risk estimator at 90-days(RRE-90) score combined with lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP) in the recurrence risk of acute atherosclerotic cerebral infarction.Methods:Totally 400 patients with acute atherosclerotic cerebral infarction who were hospitalized for the first time in neurology department were followed up for 90 days.However, 8 cases were lost and 392 cases were included finally.According to recurrence or not, 64 cases were divided into recurrence group and 328 cases into non-recurrence group.The RRE-90 score was applied to all the participants and the levels of Lp-PLA2 was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the levels of hs-CRP was detected by immunoturbidimetry.The ROC curve was used to analyze the predictive value of RRE-90 score combined with Lp-PLA2 and hs-CRP for the recurrence risk of acute cerebral infarction.Results:Compared with the non-recurrence group(RRE-90: (3.07±1.01)score, Lp-PLA2: (103.53±8.11)μg/L, hs-CRP: (4.07±1.48)mg/L), the levels of (RRE-90 score: (4.11±0.78)score, Lp-PLA2: (121.52±13.95)μg/L, hs-CRP: (12.40±2.46) mg/L)in the recurrence group of cerebral infarction were significantly higher ( P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with RRE-90 score (0.705), Lp-PLA2 (0.697), hs-CRP (0.622), RRE-90 score combined with Lp-PLA2 (0.752), RRE-90 score combined with hs-CRP (0.746), RRE-90 score combined with Lp-PLA2 and hs-CRP (0.782) had the largest area under the curve for predicting recurrence of cerebral infarction within 90 days, with statistical significance( P<0.05), sensitivity was 87.8%, specificity was 89.6%. Conclusion:RRE-90 score combined with Lp-PLA2 and hs-CRP detection can further improve the accuracy of predicting recurrence within 90 days in patients with cerebral atherosclerotic infarction, and the predictive value is high.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 345-349, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866826

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value and feasibility of early goal directed sedation (EGDS) in patients with acute brain injury.Methods:A total of 110 patients with acute brain injury who were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the Third Medical Center of the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2015 to March 2019 were included and randomly divided into EGDS group and standard sedation group (STD) using the random number table. Patients in the EGDS group were sedated by continuous intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine (initial dose of 0.2 μg·kg -1·min -1) for 72 consecutive hours. Patients in the STD group received intravenous bolus of propofol as appropriate clinically. Richmond agitation-sedation score (RASS) and electroencephalogram bispectral index (BIS) were used to continuously monitor the level of sedation. All patients were given sufentanil for analgesia. Routine treatments such as dehydration and reduction of intracranial pressure with mannitol, hemostasis or antiplatelet therapy were given according to the patients' condition. Vital signs, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score, BIS value, artery blood gas analysis, duration of mechanical ventilation, analgesic dosage and adverse events were recorded in two groups before and 24, 48, and 72 hours after sedation. Results:① Among the 110 patients, patients who received the second surgery due to cerebral hemorrhage, had worsening of cerebral hernia, withdrew during the course of the study, or whose family members abandoned treatment were excluded from the study. Finally, 105 patients were enrolled in the study, including 56 patients in the EGDS group and 49 in the STD group. There was no significant difference in gender, age, types of brain injury, baseline APACHEⅡ or GCS score or rate of mechanical ventilation between the two groups. ② Compared with before sedation, heart rate (HR) significantly decreased till 72 hours after sedation in both groups, and the decrease in the EGDS groups was more obvious as compared with the STD group (bpm: 70.49±7.53 vs. 79.83±9.48, P < 0.05). Besides HR, significant improvement was found in the APACHEⅡ and GCS scores in the STD group at 72 hours of sedation as compared with before sedation, and no significant difference was found in other indicators. Compared with before sedation, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) was significantly increased from the 24th hour of sedation, mean artery pressure (MAP) was decreased significantly and GCS score, BIS value were increased significantly from the 48th hour of sedation, till 72 hours, which were all improved significantly as compared with the STD group [72-hour PaCO 2 (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 40.30±5.98 vs. 31.57±8.20, 72-hour MAP (mmHg): 85.01±8.26 vs. 89.54±9.41, 72-hour GCS score: 8.62±3.34 vs. 7.89±2.74, 72-hour BIS: 60.87±24.79 vs. 56.68±33.43, all P < 0.05]. APACHEⅡ score was significantly lower only at the 72nd hour of sedation as compared with before sedation in the EGDS group, and no significant difference was found as compared with the STD group (17.10±7.05 vs. 18.90±3.32, P > 0.05). Oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) was significantly increased only at the 24th hour of sedation in the EGDS group as compared with the STD group (mmHg: 261.05±118.45 vs. 226.45±96.54, P < 0.05). ③ The duration of mechanical ventilation was significantly shorter in the EGDS group than that in the STD group (hours: 20.56±9.03 vs. 27.75±11.23, P < 0.05), and the total administered dose of sufentanil was significantly lower in the EGDS group than that in the STD group (μg: 79.16±26.76 vs. 102.46±35.48, P < 0.05). ④ Compared with the STD group, the incidence of bradycardia in the EGDS group was increased significantly [10.71% (6/56) vs. 6.12% (3/49), P < 0.05], while the incidence of tachycardia was decreased significantly [14.29% (8/56) vs. 38.78% (19/49), P < 0.05], but no significant difference was found in the incidence of hypotension [5.36% (3/56) vs. 4.08% (2/49), P > 0.05]. The incidence of unexpected extubation in the STD group was 4.08% (2/49), which did not occurre in the EGDS group. Conclusion:EGDS can improve the GCS score and BIS value of patients with acute brain injury, suggesting that the EGDS is safe and feasible, which can help improve neurological function in patients with acute brain injury.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873090

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the intervention effect of Yiqi Huoxue recipe (YQHX) on ventricular remodeling in rats with chronic heart failure, in order to explore its mechanism. Method::Among 40 male SD rats, 10 were randomly selected as the sham operation group. The left anterior descending coronary artery ligation was performed to construct the chronic heart failure(CHF) rat model. After modeling, they were randomly divided into model group, captopril group(13.5 mg·kg-1·d-1) and YQHX group (20 g·kg-1·d-1), and orally given the corresponding drugs. After 8 weeks of intervention, cardiac tissues were collected, body mass and heart mass were weighed, and echocardiography were performed to detect the changes in cardiac structure. Masson staining was performed to determine the myocardial interstitial collagen volume fraction. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of mitochondrial fusion protein optic atrophy 1 (Opa1) and cleavage protein dynamic-related protein 1 (Drpl). The quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR)was applied to detect the expressions of Wnt/β-catenin pathway-related factors such as lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6), glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) and β-catenin. Result::Compared with the sham group, the left ventricular wall of the model group was significantly thickened (P<0.05), the cardiac cavity was significantly enlarged, and the content of collagen in the myocardial interstitium was increased (P<0.01). The expression level of Opal decreased, the expression level of Drp1 increased (P<0.05), the mRNA expression level of LRP6, GSK-3, and β-catenin increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, YQHX group can reduce ventricular wall thickening, heart chamber enlargement, myocardial interstitial collagen content, up-regulate the low expression of Opa1, but down-regulate the high expressions of Drpl, LRP6, GSK-3β, β-catenin(P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::YQHX can effectively alleviate ventricular remodeling and improve mitochondrial energy metabolism in rats with CHF. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin related factors.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878849

ABSTRACT

Chemical investigation on the constituents of the ethyl acetate soluble extraction of Litsea cubeba has resulted in the isolation and structure elucidation of thirty compounds, including one sesquiterpene(1), four monoterpenes(2-5), two γ-butyrolactone derivatives(6 and 7), seven tyramine derivatives(8-14), fifteen aromatic compounds(15-29), and one pyrone derivative(30) via various chromatographic techniques and spectroscopic data analysis(MS, IR, 1 D and 2 D NMR). Compounds 1-7, 13 and 14 were obtained from the genus Litsea for the first time.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Litsea , Monoterpenes , Sesquiterpenes
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878846

ABSTRACT

Pain is a protective defense response of the body to harmful stimuli. Long-term pain not only seriously affects the body of the patient and brings great pain to the patient, but also brings huge economic burden to the patient's family and society. It has become one of the most serious problems affecting human health. At present, opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs) are commonly used as painkillers, but they tend to cause a variety of adverse reactions or risk of addiction. To find and develop new analgesic drugs, which are safer and more effective, has become the hot spot and difficulty in medical research. A variety of alkaloids derived from terrestrial plants, microorganisms, marine organisms and fungi have been an important source of clinical analgesic medicines. Various alkaloids have been proved to have good analgesic effects, such as morphine and the related to opioids, the main analgesic active components from Corydalis Rhizoma and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata. Here we summarized the research progress of natural alkaloids with analgesic activity, in order to provide reference for the research and development of analgesic drugs based on natural products.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Alkaloids , Analgesics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Rhizome
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781222

ABSTRACT

Purpurolides D-F (1-3), three new polyoxygenated bergamotanes bearing a 6/4/5/5 tetracyclic ring system, were isolated from the endophytic fungus Penicillium purpurogenum IMM 003. Their structures were unambiguously elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic data analyses, C NMR chemical shifts calculations coupled with the DP4+ probability method, and the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 1-3 showed significant inhibitory activity against pancreatic lipase (PL). The result highlights that the presence of 3-hydroxylated decanoic acid moiety at C-14 is important for increasing the inhibition potency against PL.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1833-1842, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802704

ABSTRACT

Background@#Imbalance of intestinal microbiota was closely related to colitis. Under these circumstances, regulation of enteric flora may be beneficial to the repair of inflammation. We aimed to investigate the effects of probiotics (Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus), prebiotics and their combination on inflammation, and microflora in mice of acute colitis.@*Methods@#C57BL/6J mice were divided into six groups randomly (blank control group, model control group, probiotics group, synbiotics group, lactitol group and probiotics + lactitol group). Each group was given 2.5% dextran sulfate sodium drinking water for 5 days other than the blank control group. Except for the model control group, the other four groups were intervened with probiotics, synbiotics (probiotics and inulin), lactitol, and probiotics + lactitol. Mice were sacrificed after 1 week of gavage, and pathologic scores were calculated. The feces of different periods and intestinal mucosa samples were collected to analyze the differences of intestinal microbiota by 16S rRNA sequencing. Differences of two groups or multiple groups were statistically examined through unpaired Student t test and analysis of variance (ANOVA), respectively. ANOVA, Tukey, Anosim, and metastats analysis were used to compare differences of microbiota among different groups.@*Results@#After gavage for 1 week, the pathologic scores of groups with the intervention were significantly lower than those in the model control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The model control group was higher in the genus of Bacteroides (relative abundance: 0.3679 vs. 0.0099, P = 0.0016) and lower in Lactobacillus (relative abundance: 0.0020 vs. 0.0122, P = 0.0188), Roseburia (relative abundance: 0.0004 vs. 0.0109, P = 0.0157), compared with the blank control group. However, the same phenomenon was not found in groups gavaged with probiotics and lactitol. Compared with model control group, mice with intervention were increased with Bifidobacterium (relative abundance: 0.0172 vs. 0.0039, P = 0.0139), Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group (relative abundance: 0.1139 vs. 0.0320, P = 0.0344), Lachnospiraceae_UCG-006 (relative abundance: 0.0432 vs. 0.0054, P = 0.0454), and decreased with Alistipes (relative abundance: 0.0036 vs. 0.0105, P = 0.0207) in varying degrees. The mucosal flora was more abundant than the fecal flora, and genus of Mucispirillum (relative abundance: 0.0207 vs. 0.0001, P = 0.0034) was more common in the mucosa. Lactitol group showed higher level of Akkermansia than model control group (relative abundance: 0.0138 vs. 0.0055, P = 0.0415), probiotics group (relative abundance: 0.0138 vs. 0.0022, P = 0.0041), and synbiotics group (relative abundance: 0.0138 vs. 0.0011, P = 0.0034), while probiotics + lactitol group had more abundant Akkermansia than synbiotics group (relative abundance: 0.0215 vs. 0.0013, P = 0.0315).@*Conclusions@#Probiotics and prebiotics reduce the degree of inflammation in acute colitis mice obviously. Mice with acute colitis show reduced beneficial genera and increased harmful genera. Supplementation of probiotics and prebiotics display the advantage of increasing the proportion of helpful bacteria and regulating the balance of intestinal microbiota. Lactitol might promote the proliferation of Akkermansia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801903

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the compatible stability of Xingnaojing injection in combination with 9 common medicines, and to provide a reference for clinical application of this injection. Method:According to the clinical application, Xingnaojing injection was mixed with 9 common medicines and placed in the room under dark and light conditions for 6 h. The appearance of compatible solutions was observed, and the HPLC fingerprint was analyzed by similarity evaluation and principal component analysis(PCA). Result:There were no significant changes in the appearance of compatibility of Xingnaojing injection and 9 common medicines, including piracetam and sodium chloride injection, sodium chloride injection and others. The similarities of fingerprint among compatibility of Xingnaojing injection and 9 common medicines were >0.98 at 0 h of compatibility, 6 h of placement and 6 h of illumination. The results of PCA showed that 9 groups of compatible solutions were clustered into 2 categories, the compatibility of Xingnaojing injection and 8 groups including piracetam and sodium chloride injection clustered into one category, and the relative peak areas of the characteristic components of Xingnaojing injection did not change significantly after compatibility, the compatibility of Xingnaojing injection and Danshen Chuanxiongqin injection clustered into another category, the relative peak areas of some characteristic components of Xingnaojing injection increased after compatibility of 0 h and 6 h,and it was more obvious after 6 h of illumination. Conclusion:The compatibility of Xingnaojing injection and 8 common medicines including piracetam and sodium chloride injection has good stability, while the compatibility has stability problems after Xingnaojing injection mixed with Danshen Chuanxiongqin injection. It is suggested that clinical attention should be paid to their compatibility and rational combination of medicines.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To carry out the risk assessment on the factors in the process of granulation fluidized bed of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) by using failure model and effect analysis(FMEA) and Bayesian network(BN), in order to effectively control risk factors and improve product quality. Method:The risk analysis of the fluidized bed granulation process was carried out by FMEA and the selected medium risk and high risk factors were taken as the main control points, the corresponding BN was established. The sensitivity analysis was used to screen out the main risk factors affecting particle fluidity, particle size uniformity, solubility and product cleanliness, the occurrence probability of each risk factor was determined by the evidence of unqualified particle quality, finally, taking fluidized bed granulation process of Sanye tablets as an example, the FMEA and BN were combined into the risk assessment process to verify the effectiveness and reliability of the method. Result:Based on the middle and high risk points of fluidized bed process, particle size of raw materials, moisture content and hygroscopicity of raw materials, dosage, concentration and addition amount of binder, cleaning degree and integrity of collection bag, and nozzle position, which were selected by FMEA, a fluidized bed granulation risk network with causality was constructed. Among them, hygroscopicity of raw materials, concentration and addition amount of binder, inlet temperature and atomization pressure were high probability risk factors, and the probability of occurrence were 55%, 63%, 59%and 58%, respectively. According to the Bayesian risk relationship network which controlled Sanye tablets fluidized bed granulation analysis results showed that the P values of inlet temperature, atomization pressure and concentration of binder were 0.003 4, 0.032 6 and 0.041 8, respectively in the regression model of influencing factors and particle size uniformity, indicating that there was a significant correlation between the three factors and the particle quality, which was basically consistent with the conclusion obtained by FMEA-BN method. Conclusion:The combination of FMEA and BN for visualized risk assessment of fluidized bed granulation helps to effectively control the risk factors in the granulation process, reduce product quality risks and provide strong support for the improvement of granulation process of TCM.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851357

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents from the ethyl acetate fraction of Ceriops tagal. Methods: Compounds were isolated and purified by various column chromatography, recrystallization, and HPLC. And their structures were elucidated by physicochemical property and spectral analysis. Results: Eight compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of Ceriops tagal and identified as (E)-methyl-3-(5-hydroxy-2,3,4-trimethoxyphenyl)acrylate (1), tagalphenylpropinoidin A (2), coniferyl aldehyde (3), 2,3-dimethoxy-5-(1-propenyl)phenol (4), methyl syringate (5), syringaldehyde (6), pinosylvin monomethyl ether (7), and n-hexadecane acid (8), respectively. Conclusion: Compound 1 is a new phenylpropanoid, named as tagalphenylpropanoidin C, and compounds 4-8 are obtained from C. tagal for the first time.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850676

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the potential mechanism of Linggui Zhugan Decoction in the treatment of Alzheimer' s disease (AD) by using network pharmacological technology. Methods: Firstly, TCMSP, Swiss, SuperPred, Stitch databases and supplement literatures were combined to search for the chemical compounds and the potential targets related to the four herbs in Linggui Zhugan Decoction, using the oral bioavailability (OB) ≥ 30%, drug-like (DL) ≥ 0.18 as screening conditions. Meanwhile, the targets related to AD were screened through OMIM, TTD, GAD and Pharm Gkb databases. Moreover, the interactive targets of Linggui Zhugan Decoction and AD were further acquired. Then, Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and KEGG metabolic pathway enrichment analysis of interactive targets were performed using DAVID 6.8 database. Finally, degree and betweenness centrality analysis were performed to find potential key targets and key pathways after the "Herbs-Active Compounds-Targets" interaction network was constructed by Cytoscape software. Results: There were 126 potential active compounds and 120 potential interactive targets in Linggui Zhugan Decoction. A total of 565 enrichment results were obtained by GO analysis, including 396 biological processes, 121 molecular functions and 48 cell components, mainly involving protein binding, cell, oxidation-reduction process, etc. Simultaneously, the selected targets were enriched by KEGG analysis and it indicated that 67 metabolic pathways play an important role in AD, primarily including neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, pathways in cancer, serotonergic synapse and calcium signaling pathway, etc. Conclusion: The synergetic effect of Linggui Zhugan Decoction with multi-compounds, multi-targets and multi-pathways in the treatment of AD were revealed by network pharmacology, which provides a theoretical basis for the study of its pharmacodynamic material basis and action mechanism.

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