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1.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 11-19, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981583

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of microvascular obstruction (MVO) on the global and regional myocardial function by cardiac magnetic resonance feature-tracking (CMR-FT) in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients after percutaneous coronary intervention.Methods Consecutive acute STEMI patients who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging 1 - 7 days after successful reperfusion by percutaneous coronary intervention treatment were included in this retrospective study. Based on the presence or absence of MVO on late gadolinium enhancement images, patients were divided into groups with MVO and without MVO. The infarct zone, adjacent zone, and remote zone were determined based on a myocardial 16-segment model. The radial strain (RS), circumferential strain (CS), and longitudinal strain (LS) of the global left ventricle (LV) and the infarct, adjacent, and remote zones were measured by CMR-FT from cine images and compared between patients with and without MVO using independent-samples t-test. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association of MVO with the impaired LV function.Results A total of 157 STEMI patients (mean age 56.66 ± 11.38 years) were enrolled. MVO was detected in 37.58% (59/157) of STEMI patients, and the mean size of MVO was 3.00 ±3.76 mL. Compared with patients without MVO (n =98 ), the MVO group had significantly reduced LV global RS (t= -4.30, P < 0.001), global CS (t= 4.99, P < 0.001), and global LS ( t= 3.51, P = 0.001). The RS and CS of the infarct zone in patients with MVO were significantly reduced (t= -3.38, P = 0.001; t= 2.64, P = 0.01; respectively) and the infarct size was significantly larger (t= 8.37, P < 0.001) than that of patients without MVO. The presence of LV MVO [OR= 4.10, 95%CI: 2.05 - 8.19, P<0.001) and its size [OR=1.38, 95%CI: 1.10-1.72, P=0.01], along with the heart rate and LV infarct size were significantly associated with impaired LV global CS in univariable Logistic regression analysis, while only heart rate (OR=1.08, 95%CI: 1.03 - 1.13, P=0.001) and LV infarct size (OR=1.10, 95%CI: 1.03 - 1.16, P=0.003) were independent influencing factors for the impaired LV global CS in multivariable Logistic regression analysis.Conclusion The infarct size was larger in STEMI patients with MVO, and MVO deteriorates the global and regional LV myocardial function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , Contrast Media , Retrospective Studies , Gadolinium , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
2.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 375-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986865

ABSTRACT

To study of premature/early death of autistic patients from the perspective of life course can help families, medical institutions and policy makers better deal with the adverse effects of autism. Several studies have shown that autistic patients have a high risk of death, however, the results are still inconsistent. To assess the risk of mortality among the autistic patients, we undertook a comprehensive search of MEDLINE, Web of Science and EMBASE databases. This paper reviewed the studies on the negative disease outcomes of autism spectrum disorders, including the risk of death, causes of death and several research hotspots in this field. Strict inclusion/exclusion criteria were used. Information was extracted from selected papers, tabulated and synthesized. In the study, 15 studies were included, with a total of 216 045 individuals. The main outcome was all-cause mortality in association with autism and the secondary outcome was cause-specific mortality. The results showed that all-cause mortality was higher for the autistic patients (RR=2.32, 95%CI: 1.98-2.72, I2=87.1%, P < 0.001). Risk ratio showed a greater inequality for female than male (male: RR=2.00, 95%CI: 1.57-2.55, I2=93.2%, P < 0.001; female: RR=4.66, 95%CI: 3.30-6.58, I2=92.0%, P < 0.001). Compared with the unnatural death, the risk of natural death was higher (RR=3.44, 95%CI: 1.27-9.26, I2=80.2%, P=0.025). As autism had many comorbidities, which would bring more health risks and natural deaths possibilities. There were some structural differences in unnatural death. Accidental injury death and suicide were two kinds of causes. Lacking social skills would weaken the ability to ask for help when encountering injuries. This paper put forward some suggestions for futures. First, to well study the comorbidity can reduce the risk of death from a medical point of view. Second, the scientists and policymakers should pay attention to the social environment and provide a safer environment for the autistic patients. Third, for women and for adolescents without cognitive impairment, due to their high risk of suicide, the society should provide them with more supportive social networks and improve their life satisfaction. Fourth, it is necessary to balance the rehabilitation resources in various regions in China and provide more high-quality lifelong rehabilitation monitoring and care services.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Female , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Cause of Death , Comorbidity , Autistic Disorder , China
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 49-58, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970105

ABSTRACT

Interleukin 6 (IL-6), an important component of cardiac microenvironment, favors cardiac repair by improving cardiomyocyte regeneration in different models. This study aimed to investigate the effects of IL-6 on stemness maintenances and cardiac differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs). The mESCs were treated with IL-6 for two days, and then subjected to CCK-8 essay for proliferation analysis and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) to evaluate the mRNA expression of genes related to stemness and germinal layers differentiation. Phosphorylation levels of stem cell-related signal pathways were detected by Western blot. siRNA was used to interfere the function of STAT3 phosphorylation. Cardiac differentiation was investigated by the percentage of beating embryoid bodies (EBs) and qPCR analysis of cardiac progenitor markers and cardiac ion channels. IL-6 neutralization antibody was applied to block the endogenous IL-6 effects since the onset of cardiac differentiation (embryonic day of 0, EB0). The EBs were collected on EB7, EB10 and EB15 to investigate the cardiac differentiation by qPCR. On EB15, Western blot was applied to investigate the phosphorylation of several signaling pathways, and immunochemistry staining was adopted to trace the cardiomyocytes. IL-6 antibody was administered for two days (short term) on EB4, EB7, EB10 or EB15, and percentages of beating EBs at late developmental stage were recorded. The results showed that exogenous IL-6 promoted mESCs proliferation and favored maintenances of pluripotency, evidenced by up-regulated mRNA expression of oncogenes (c-fos, c-jun) and stemness markers (oct4, nanog), down-regulated mRNA expression of germ layer genes (branchyury, FLK-1, pecam, ncam, sox17), and increased phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and STAT3. siRNA targeting JAK/STAT3 partially attenuated the effects of IL-6 on cell proliferation and mRNA expression of c-fos and c-jun. During differentiation, long term IL-6 neutralization antibody application decreased the percentage of beating EBs, down-regulated mRNA expression of ISL1, GATA4, α-MHC, cTnT, kir2.1, cav1.2, and declined the fluorescence intensity of cardiac α actinin in EBs and single cell. Long term IL-6 antibody treatment decreased the phosphorylation of STAT3. In addition, short term (2 d) IL-6 antibody treatment starting from EB4 significantly reduced the percentage of beating EBs in late development stage, while short term IL-6 antibody treatment starting from EB10 significantly increased the percentage of beating EBs on EB16. These results suggest that exogenous IL-6 promotes mESCs proliferation and favors stemness maintenance. Endogenous IL-6 regulates mESC cardiac differentiation in a development-dependent manner. These findings provide important basis for the study of microenvironment on cell replacement therapy, as well as a new perspective for understanding the pathophysiology of heart diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Interleukin-6 , Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells , Cell Differentiation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , RNA, Messenger
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 619-622, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on the sleep quality and nocturnal heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with primary insomnia.@*METHODS@#Twenty-one patients with primary insomnia were included. Using SDZ-ⅡB electric acupuncture apparatus, Xin (CO15) and Shen (CO10) were stimulated with disperse-dense wave, 4 Hz/ 20 Hz in frequency, (0.2±30%) ms of pulse width and tolerable intensity. Electric stimulation was given once every morning and evening of a day, 30 min each time, for 4 weeks totally. Before and after treatment, the score of Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), objective sleep structure (total sleep time [TST], sleep latency [SL], wake after sleep onset [WASO], sleep efficiency [SE], the percentages of non-rapid eye movement period 1, 2, 3, and the percentage of rapid eye movement period to TST [N1%, N2%, N3%, REM%] ) and nocturnal HRV (high frequency [HF], low frequency [LF], the ratio of LF to HF [LF/HF], standard deviation for the normal RR intervals [SDNN], squared root of the mean sum of squares of differences between adjacent intervals RR [RMSSD], the percentage of adjacent RR intervals with differences larger than 50 ms in the entire recording [PNN50%], the mean of sinus RR intervals [NNMean] ) were compared in the patients separately.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the score of each item and the total score of PSQI and SL were all reduced as compared with those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.001); SE, N3%, LF, HF, LF/HF, SDNN, NNMean and RMSSD were all increased compared with those before treatment (P<0.001, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The taVNS improves the sleep quality and objective sleep structure in patients with primary insomnia, which is probably related to the regulation of autonomic nervous functions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Rate/physiology , Sleep/physiology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Vagus Nerve , Vagus Nerve Stimulation
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 363-368, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the modulation of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on default mode network (DMN) in patients with primary insomnia (PI).@*METHODS@#A total of 22 PI patients (one patient dropped off and two patients were excluded) were included and treated with taVNS. The bilateral auricular points of Xin (CO15) and Shen (CO10) were selected and treated with disperse-dense wave at frequency of 4 Hz/20 Hz, the intensity was based on the patient's tolerance. taVNS was given once in the morning and once in the evening for 30 minutes each time. The treatment lasted for at least 5 days a week for 4 weeks. At the same time, 16 healthy subjects matched with gender and age were recruited. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score was evaluated before and after treatment in PI patients. The resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data of PI patients before and after treatment and healthy subjects at baseline period were collected to observe the effect of taVNS on the functional connection (FC) between posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and whole brain.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total score of PSQI in PI patients was lower than that before treatment (P<0.01). Compared with healthy subjects, the FC of the left PCC was increased either with the left orbital superior frontal gyrus or with left middle frontal gyrus (P<0.001), and the FC between right PCC and left middle frontal gyrus was increased in PI patients before treatment (P<0.001). Compared before treatment, the FC between left PCC and left middle frontal gyrus was decreased (P<0.05), and the FC of the right PCC was decreased either with the right medial prefrontal cortex or with the left middle frontal gyrus in PI patients after treatment (P<0.001, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#taVNS can modulate the FC between anterior and posterior DMN, and between DMN and cognitive control network of PI patients, which may be one of the brain effect mechanisms of taVNS in the treatment of PI patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain/physiology , Default Mode Network , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Vagus Nerve , Vagus Nerve Stimulation/methods
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 501-504, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on aged insomnia, and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with aged insomnia were randomly divided into an EA group (30 cases) and a sham EA group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off). The patients in the EA group were treated with acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Xinshu (BL 15) and Shenshu (BL 23), and EA was used at Baihui (GV 20) and Yintang (GV 29), with intermittent wave, 2 Hz in frequency. In the sham EA group, the acupoints and the EA connection acupoints were the same as those in the EA group, 2-3 mm in depth, but no current was connected. The intervention was given 30 min each time, once every other day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks in the both groups. Before and after treatment, the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale were used to assess sleep quality and cognitive function, and serum melatonin (MT) and dopamine (DA) levels were detected.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total score and sub-item scores of PSQI in the EA group were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture can improve sleep quality and cognitive function in aged insomnia patients, and its mechanism may be related to regulating serum MT and DA levels.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Dopamine , Electroacupuncture , Melatonin , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 50-56, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862659

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the protective effect of Longxue Tongluo capsule (LTC) on H2O2-induced injury of PC12 cells and its potential mechanism. Method::An in vitro injury model in PC12 cells was established with 500 μmol·L-1 H2O2.The experiment was divided into control group, injury model group (H2O2 500 μmol·L-1), and Longxuetongluo capsule group (LTC, 1, 2, 4 mg·L-1). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential, apoptosis of PC12 cells, and Western blot were used to evaluate the protective effect of LTC on PC12 cells induced by H2O2. Result::Compared with the control group, the cell viability was significantly decreased in the injury model group (P<0.01), intracellular ROS level was significantly increased (P<0.01), mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased, while apoptosis of PC12 cells was significantly increased (P<0.01), and the expression of cleaved poly adenosine diphospho ribose polymerase (PARP) was also increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the injury model group, pretreatment with LTC at the concentrations of 2 and 4 mg·L for 6 h significantly increased cell viability in PC12 cells exposed to H2O2 (P<0.01). Moreover, pretreatment with LTC reduced intracellular ROS level (P<0.05), maintained mitochondrial membrane potential, and inhibited apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by H2O2 in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). The results of western blotting showed that pretreatment with LTC significantly reduced the expression of cleaved PARP (P<0.01). Conclusion::LTC exerts a significant protective effect against H2O2-induced PC12 cells injury through inhibition of neuronal apoptosis by suppressing intracellular oxidative stress, maintaining mitochondrial function, and promoting DNA repair.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1149-1153, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect and safety on insomnia among three acupuncture combinations, named @*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with insomnia were randomized into a Tongdu Tiaowei group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off ), a Tongdu Yangxin group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off ) and a Tongdu Tiaozang group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off ). Besides electroacupuncture (EA) applied to Baihui (GV 20) and Yintang (GV 29) in all of the three groups, acupuncture was added at Shenmai (BL 62) and Zhaohai (KI 6), Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) as well as back-@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the score of each of 6 factors, named sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance and daytime dysfunction, as well as the total score of PSQI scale were all reduced as compared with the scores before treatment in the patients of each group (@*CONCLUSION@#All of the three acupuncture combinations, named


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Treatment Outcome
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2035-2042, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825735

ABSTRACT

In scientific research, it is often needed to knock in, knock out, knock down, or overexpress a specific gene in model organisms or specific types of cells to achieve precise regulation of experimental independent variables. In this case, various transgenic mice are required. The cyclization recombinase (Cre) can directly interact with different loxP (locus X over P1) DNA sequences without any cofactors to perform specific gene knock-in or knock-out at specific targets. Because of its advantages of simple action principles, high spatial specificity, and high reorganization efficiency, the Cre-loxP system is widely used in scientific research. Furthermore, the CreERT2 system (mutant of the fusion protein of Cre and estrogen receptor ligand binding domain) and the tetracycline (Tet)-on/off system, derived from the Cre-loxP system, have made the recombination of the target gene occur in temporal-specificity on the basis of spatial-specificity. This dual specificity of time and space is indispensable for research in specific directions such as fear memory and engram cells on the basis of reducing the impacts on experimental animals. Therefore, these derived systems have broad application prospects.

10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 651-659, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878210

ABSTRACT

The study aims to investigate the effects of cardiac fibroblast (CF) paracrine factors on murine embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Conditioned mediums from either neonatal cardiac fibroblasts (ConM-NCF) or adult cardiac fibroblasts (ConM-ACF) were diluted by 1:50 and 1:5, respectively, to investigate whether these conditioned mediums impact murine ESCs distinctly with RT-real time PCR techniques, cell proliferation essay, ELISA and by counting percentage of beating embryoid bodies (EBs) during ESCs differentiation. The data showed that the paracrine ability of CFs changed dramatically during development, in which interleukin 6 (IL6) increased with maturation. ConM-NCF 1:50 and ConM-NCF 1:5 had opposite effects on the pluripotent markers, although they both reduced mouse ESC proliferation. ConM-ACF 1:50 promoted ESCs pluripotent markers and proliferation, while ConM-ACF 1:5 exerted negative effects. All CF-derived conditioned mediums inhibited cardiac differentiation, but with distinguishable features: ConM-NCF 1:50 slightly decreased the early cardiac differentiation without altering the maturation tendency or cardiac specific markers in EBs at differentiation of day 17; ConM-ACF 1:50 had more significant inhibitory effects on early cardiac differentiation than ConM-NCF 1:50 and impeded cardiac maturation with upregulation of cardiac specific markers. In addition, IL6 neutralization antibody attenuated positive effect of ConM-ACF 1:50 on ESCs proliferation, but had no effects on ConM-NCF 1:50. Long-term IL6 neutralization reduced the percentage of beating EBs at early developmental stage, but did not alter the late cardiac differentiation. Taken together, both the quality and quantity of factors and cytokines secreted by CFs are critical for the ESC fate. IL6 could be a favorable cytokine for ESC pluripotency and the early cardiac differentiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Embryonic Stem Cells , Fibroblasts , Heart , Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells , Paracrine Communication
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 945-949, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify the efficacy of eye acupuncture combined with conventional acupuncture in the treatment of dry eye syndrome with deficiency of liver and kidney.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with dry eye syndrome with deficiency of liver and kidney were randomly divided into an eye acupuncture combination with conventional acupuncture group (eye acupuncture combination group), a conventional acupuncture group and a western medication group, 30 cases in each group. In the western medication group, sodium hyaluronate eye drops were used 3 times a day, each time 1-2 drops, 10 days as one course for 3 courses; conventional acupuncture was applied at Jingming (BL 1), Cuanzhu (BL 2), Chengqi (ST 1), Fengchi (GB 20), Hegu (LI 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Guangming (GB 37) in the conventional acupuncture group; on the basis of the treatment in the conventional acupuncture, eye acupuncture was added at Shangjiao, Gan (liver), Shen (kidney), Pi (spleen) in the eye acupuncture combination group. The treatment in the eye acupuncture combination group and the conventional acupuncture group were given once a day, 10 days as one course, and a total of 3 courses were needed. Subjective symptom score was performed before treatment and every 10 days during treatment. Ocular surface analyzer was used before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The subjective symptom scores in the three groups were lower than those before treatment (<0.05). Compared with the conventional acupuncture group and the western medication group, the subjective symptom score after 30 d of treatment in the eye acupuncture combination group was decreased (<0.05). After treatment, the tear film break up time (BUT) was prolonged and the tear meniscus height increased in the eye acupuncture combination group and the conventional acupuncture group (<0.05). Compared with the conventional acupuncture group and the western medication group, the tear film break up time was prolonged and the tear meniscus height increased in the eye acupuncture combination group (<0.05). Corneal staining were better in all three groups than that before treatment (<0.05). The total effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the eye acupuncture combination group, was better than 86.7% (26/30) in the conventional acupuncture group and 73.3% (21/30) in the western medication group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Eye acupuncture combined with conventional acupuncture can significantly improve the clinical symptoms of dry eye syndrome with deficiency of liver and kidney, increase the secretion of tears, prolong the break up time of tear film, and restore the integrity of corneal epithelium.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Dry Eye Syndromes , Therapeutics , Liver , Yin Deficiency , Therapeutics
12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 57-66, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775452

ABSTRACT

Metformin (MET), an antidiabetic agent, also has antioxidative effects in metabolic-related hypertension. This study was designed to determine whether MET has anti-hypertensive effects in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats by inhibiting oxidative stress in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Salt-sensitive rats received a high-salt (HS) diet to induce hypertension, or a normal-salt (NS) diet as control. At the same time, they received intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of MET or vehicle for 6 weeks. We found that HS rats had higher oxidative stress levels and mean arterial pressure (MAP) than NS rats. ICV infusion of MET attenuated MAP and reduced plasma norepinephrine levels in HS rats. It also decreased reactive oxygen species and the expression of subunits of NAD(P)H oxidase, improved the superoxide dismutase activity, reduced components of the renin-angiotensin system, and altered neurotransmitters in the PVN. Our findings suggest that central MET administration lowers MAP in salt-sensitive hypertension via attenuating oxidative stress, inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system, and restoring the balance between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in the PVN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antioxidants , Therapeutic Uses , Arterial Pressure , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Infusions, Intraventricular , Metformin , Pharmacology , Neurotransmitter Agents , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Sodium Chloride, Dietary , Pharmacology
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1442-1449, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774537

ABSTRACT

The research of anti-hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) drug has attracted more and more attention. Natural products are the important source of active compounds for cancer treatment. A biflavonoid HIS-4 was isolated from Resina draconis in our previous study. MTT assay, hoechst staining, and flow cytometry analysis were used to investigate the effects of HIS-4 on the proliferation and apoptosis of human hepatoma HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. Moreover, the effects of HIS-4 on the migration and invasion ability of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells were evaluated by wound healing assay and Transwell assay. In addition, MTT assay, flow cytometry analyses, Hoechst staining, wound healing assay, Transwell assay, and tube formation assay were used to explore the anti-angiogenic activity of HIS-4 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs). Mechanistically, the HIS-4 regulatory of signal pathways in H9 epG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells were analyzed by Western blot. This results showed that HIS-4 suppressed the proliferation of human hepatoma HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. Moreover HIS-4 induced their apoptosis of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. HIS-4 inhibited the migration and invasion of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. Additionally, HIS-4 exhibited angiogenesis effects. Mechanistically, up-regulation of MAPK signaling pathway and down-regulation of mTOR signaling pathway may be responsible for anti-hepatoma activity of HIS-4. Therefore, HIS-4 may be a promising candidate drug for HCC treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Biflavonoids , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Dracaena , Chemistry , Hep G2 Cells , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology
14.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 513-515, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818981

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the morphological characteristics of live Carpoglyphus lactis at different stages of life cycle and its ultrastructure. Methods The live C. lactis specimens were isolated from longan pulp, and firstly rinsed with double distilled water under a light microscope to make slide preparation by the conventional manner, and then were made into scanning electron microscope (SEM) specimens. The specimens were observed under SEM for the ultrastructure characteristics at different developmental stages including egg, larva, nymph and adult (male and female) . Results The SEM photographs showed that the egg was oval and milky. The larva had three pairs of legs, without genital setae, preanal seta and coxal rod, and there was no trace of genital growth. The nymph had four pairs of legs, genital seta and preanal seta, whereas the genital area was looked still under-developed. The male adult had a conical gnathosoma and a pair of external verticals which were longest setae at the dorsal idiosoma, whereas the other dorsal setae were all short rhabdoid. At the ventral idiosoma, there was an aedoeagus which was like a bent cube, and the top was straight forward. The external sacral setae and post anal were longest setae. The female adult’s genital plates were a composite of plastron and cutex inner root, covering the genital tract, and a hole of anus and a pair of anal setae were located at posterior of idiosoma. Conclusion The morphological characteristics and ultra-structure of C. lactis at different stages of life cycle can be vividly observed under SEM, which provides the morphological bases for further study of the relation between parasitism and disease.

15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 343-345, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818944

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the Blomia tropicalis breeding status in the ground dust rice collected in Haikou City. Methods Totally 17 samples of ground dust rice were collected from 10 sampling sites in Haikou City. Then 10 g of dust rice was taken from each individual sample for isolation of the mites that were made of slide specimen, and the mites were identified and classified under a microscope. Results B. tropicalis mites were found in all the 17 samples with the detection rate of 100%. A total of 1 176 heads of B. tropicalis were isolated, with an average breeding density of 6.91 heads/g. Conclusion B. tropicalis breeding status is severe in Haikou City. The effective measures should be taken to prevent and control the harm associated with B. tropicalis contamination.

16.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 90-97, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817670

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To evaluate the role of serum antimullerian hormone (AMH) concentration in predicting clinical outcomes in controlled ovarian stimulation and intrauterine insemination (IUI). 【Methods】 A retrospective analysis of IUI data from patients with polycystic ovary syndrome and infertility in our reproductive center from January 2014 to August 2017. According to the clinical outcomes,data was divided into three groups:clinical pregnancy group,non-pregnant group,and cancellation cycle group due to multiple follicular or no dominant follicular develop. The ovarian function evaluation indexes were compared such as serum AMH,basal FSH and basal sinus follicle(AFC). The cutoff values of the AMH to predict multi- follicular development or no dominant follicular development which IUI cycles were cancelled,and to predict obtain cumulative clinical pregnancy outcomes were calculated according to the ROC curve to cancel the cycle. 【Results】 The clinical pregnancy rates of PCOS patients were from 15.9% to 17.1% ,while the cumulative clinical pregnancy rate increased in repeat cycles (≤3 cycles) was 21.6% ,significantly higher than the average clinical pregnancy rate(16.7%)during the first cycle. AMH levels in the cancelled cycle group were significantly higher than those in the non-cancelled cycle group[(14.1±6.5)vs(10.3±4.3)ng/mL,(14.1±6.5)vs(9.3±4.3)ng/mL, P<0.025]. Compared with the clinical pregnancy group,cancel cycle group and non- pregnant group,the mean AFC of the former two groups were significantly higher[(34.5±11.4)vs(30.7±11.3),(7.8±10.8)vs(30.7±11.3),P<0.025]. In addition,we found that women′ s age,baseline FSH were negatively correlated with the cumulative pregnancy rate of repeated IUI cycles,and women′s baseline BMI,baseline LH,AFC,and AMH were positively correlated with cumulative pregnancy rates. The number of mature follicles on the HCG triggering day,as well as the value of AMH,may be the influencing factor of IUI cumulative clinical pregnancy. By ROC curve analysis,we assume that AMH is more suitable than the AFC to predict IUI cycle cancellation rate and the cumulative pregnancy rate.【Conclusion】Repeated IUI cycles can be improved cumulative pregnancy rate of PCOS infertile couples. AMH,as an important index to measure ovarian reserve function,can be used to predict the the IUI cumulative clinical pregnancy outcomes and cancelled cycle rates:as AMH increased to more than 6.56 ng/mL,the pregnancy rate increased;but when AMH ≥14.72 ng/mL,the risk of cancelled IUI cycles was increased,becasues of multi-follicular developing and absence of dominant follicle development.

17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 336-338, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704288

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the breeding of acaroid mites in the stored grains in Wenchang area,Hainan Province,China.Methods The breeding mites from the samples were separated by a shake-sieve and microscope directly.The isolations were used for slide preparation based on previous literature,and then under a light microscope,the identification and counting of the acaroid mites were performed.Results Twelve species of mites were identified from 20 categories of grains.They be-longed to 10 genera of 4 families.Among the 12 grain samples,the breeding rates were higher of Blomia tropicalis and Tyropha-gus putrescentiae.Among the 20 samples collected,a total of 5 885 mites were found,with an average breeding density of 29.43/g.Conclusion The infestation of acaroid mites appears serious in the stored grains in Wenchang area,which should be taken measures to prevent and control.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 591-595, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771696

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Huaier on autophagy of human hepatoma SK-HEP-1 cells and the effect of autophagy on the proliferation of SK-HEP-1 cells. CCK-8 assay was used to evaluate the effect of Huaier on the proliferation of SK-HEP-1 cells under different concentrations and different times. Acridine orange staining was used to measure the effect of Huaier on the autolysosome formation in SK-HEP-1 cells. Immunofluorescence assay was applied to examine the effect of Huaier on the expression and distribution of autophagy marker LC3 in SK-HEP-1 cells. In addition, LC3 expression was also checked by immunoblot analysis in the presence of Huaier. At last, the effects of Huaier in combination with autophagy inhibitor bafilomycin A1 on the proliferation of SK-HEP-1 cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. The results showed that Huaier aqueous extract significantly inhibited the proliferation of human hepatoma SK-HEP-1 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Huaier aqueous extract dramatically promoted the formation of autolysosome in SK-HEP-1 cells. Moreover, Huaier markedly increased the number and intensity of intracellular LC3 fluorescent puncta and up-regulated LC3-Ⅱ expression. These data indicated that Huaier evidently activated autophagy of SK-HEP-1 cells. Additionally, autophagy inhibition significantly attenuated the sensitivity of SK-HEP-1 cells to Huaier treatment. Therefore, autophagy activation is involved in the inhibitory effects of Huaier on the proliferation of human hepatoma SK-HEP-1 cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Complex Mixtures , Pharmacology , Up-Regulation
19.
Chinese Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy ; (6): 641-645, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753862

ABSTRACT

Objective The distribution of pathogenic bacteria and antibiotic resistance was studied in the People's Hospital of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from January 2012 to December 2017 for rational antimicrobial therapy and control of bloodstream infections. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on the pathogenic strains of bloodstream infection. A total of 2 095 strains were collected and subjected to identification by Bact/ALERT 3D automatic blood culture instrument and VITEK 32 automatic microbiological analysis and susceptibility testing. The data were analyzed by using WHONET 5.6 software and SPSS 22.0 software. Results Of the 2 095 strains of pathogens, gram negative bacteria accounted for 50.1% and gram-positive bacteriaaccounted for 49.9%. Specifically, the top species included coagulase negative Staphylococcus (34.8%), Escherichia coli (27.8%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (9.1%), Staphylococcus aureus (6.9%), and Enterococcus (6.6%). These strains were mainly identified from ICU (22.5%) and general surgery department (9.3%). The prevalence of methicillin-resistant coagulase negative Staphylococcus (MRCNS) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was 82.3% and 44.8%, respectively. No gram-positive bacteria were resistant to vancomycin and linezolid. The E. faecium strains showed higher resistance rates to common antimicrobial agents than E. faecalis strains. Enterobacteriaceae species including E. coli, K. pneumoniae, and E. cloacae were highly resistant to ampicillin (>80%). The resistance rate of Enterobacteriaceae species to imipenem, meropenem, amikacin, and piperacillin-tazobactam was lower than 9.4%. In the non-fermentative bacteria, Acinetobacter baumannii strains were highly resistant to multiple antimicrobial agents except amikacin (22.2%). Conclusions The pathogenic bacteria of bloodstream infection are complex, consisting of similar proportion of gram-positive bacteria and gram-negative bacteria. The pathogens were mainly found in ICU. Antibiotic-resistant strains identified are highly resistant to multiple antimicrobial agents. Efforts should be made to strengthen antimicrobial resistance surveillance for rational antimicrobial therapy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 694-702, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687746

ABSTRACT

To study the immunogenicity of EsxA protein of Staphylococcus aureus, the EsxA-pET-28a recombinant plasmid was constructed and the expression product was analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting after the positive recombinant plasmid was induced by IPTG. Mice were immunized with purified EsxA protein and then the IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a antibody were detected with indirect ELISA. Then the histopathological examination, bacteria loading and immune protection of immunized mice were studied after challenge with S. aureus. The recombinant protein EsxA was successfully induced and expressed. After immunization the EsxA specific antibody titer could reach 1:900. Bacteria loading and pathological damage of liver, spleen and kidney were reduced after immunization with EsxA in the immunized mice. The protection rate of immunized mice was 75%. In conclusion, EsxA protein has good immunogenicity.

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