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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699888

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a set of wearable device for dynamic monitoring of human vital signs and environmental information during exercise.Methods By using system integration mode,multiple sensor modules were integrated in the design of the device.A microcontroller was selected as the core of the hardware circuit.Then serial ports simulation was used to connect all sensors to the microcontroller.Wireless data transmission between the handset and the primary control module was implemented with Bluetooth component.Results The device behaved well in low energy consumption,small volume,low weight and data accuracy,and met the design requirements for wearable mobile monitoring device.Conciusion The device provides real-time data monitoring to the users so as to contribute to human health.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820712

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the levels of plasma adrenaline and norepinephrine and gene polymorphism of β1 adrenergic receptor G1165C in children with enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection in hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD).@*METHODS@#The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the expression of gene polymorphism of β1 adrenergic receptor G1165C in vitro. The levels of plasma adrenaline and norepinephrine were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).@*RESULTS@#The plasma norepinephrine level of severe group was significantly higher than the mild group in children with EV71 infection in HFMD (P  0.05); There was no significant difference in the distribution of β1 adrenergic receptor G1165C genotype and allele between EV71 infection group and healthy control group (P > 0.05). Further analysis of EV71 infection group by dividing it into mild and severe groups showed that there was no significant difference in the distribution of genotype and allele between these two groups as well (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the levels of epinephrine and norepinephrine in different genotypes of EV71 infection group (P > 0.05), and in the levels of plasma epinephrine and norepinephrine in the mild and severe groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#As the disease gets worse, the plasma norepinephrine level has a rising trend in children with EV71 infection in HFMD, which is an important indicator to evaluate the progress of the disease. However, the gene polymorphism of β1 adrenergic receptor G1165C have no significant correlation, not only with the susceptibility and severity of EV71 infection in hand, foot and mouth disease, but also with the levels of catecholamine.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812090

ABSTRACT

Most of Chinese medicinal herbs are subjected to traditional processing procedures, including stir-frying, charring, steaming, boiling, and calcining before they are released into dispensaries. The marketing and identification of processed medicinal materials is a growing issue in the marketplace. However, conventional methods of identification have limitations, while DNA mini-barcoding, based on the sequencing of a short-standardized region, has received considerable attention as a new potential means to identify processed medicinal materials. In the present study, six DNA barcode loci including ITS2, psbA-trnH, rbcL, matK, trnL (UAA) intron and its P6 loop, were employed for the authentication of 45 processed samples belonging to 15 species. We evaluated the amplification efficiency of each locus. We also examined the identification accuracy of the potential mini-barcode locus, of trnL (UAA) intron P6 loop. Our results showed that the five primary barcode loci were successfully amplified in only 8.89%-20% of the processed samples, while the amplification rates of the trnL (UAA) intron P6 loop were higher, at 75.56% successful amplification. We compared the mini-barcode sequences with Genbank using the Blast program. The analysis showed that 45.23% samples could be identified to genus level, while only one sample could be identified to the species level. We conclude that trnL (UAA) p6 loop is a candidate mini-barcode that has shown its potential and may become a universal mini-barcode as complementary barcode for authenticity testing and will play an important role in medicinal materials control.


Subject(s)
DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Methods , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Discriminant Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Classification , Introns , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification , Genetics
4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 473-476, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792503

ABSTRACT

Objective ToexplorethevalueofprenataldiagnosisoffetalABObloodgroupsinthepreventionofABO-HDN,andtoprovideevidenceforpreventionofABO-HDN.Methods Atotalof3777sampleswerecollectedfromthe pregnant women whose ABO blood group is O,and we detected the ABO blood group by serological method to detect the titerofIgGanti-Aandanti-Binthematernalblood.Results Amongthe3777samplescollectedfromthepregnant women whose ABO blood group is O ,the titer of IgG anti-A to anti-B was 1 to1 024 in 27 samples(0.7%),1∶51 2 in 97 samples(2.6%),1∶256 in 1 63 samples(4.3%),1∶1 28 in 285 samples(7.5%)and 1:64 in 603 samples(1 6%). We followed the pregnancy and newborn outcome of 769 case whose antibody titer of 1∶64 or more ,and compared the fetal ABO blood group with results of the titer of IgG anti -A and/or anti -B.A total of 641 patients (83.3%) was corresponding resistance against A or B,and 1 28 patients (1 6.6%)was not corresponding resistance against A or B.The higher the antibody titer,the higher incidence of neonatal ABO hemolytic disease occurred.We extracted the fetal free DNA of peripheral blood plasma in 30 pregnant women, and the genotypes of fetal ABO blood group were detected by the polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP),and all the experiment presented success.Conclusion ThetiterofIgGanti-Atoanti-Bcouldbeusedtopreventtheoccurrenceofhemolyticdiseaseofnewborn. Considering the interference factors,the fetal free DNA in the maternal circulation could be used to prenatally detect fetal ABO blood groups.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330323

ABSTRACT

DNA barcoding method was conducted for the authentication of pollen materials due to difficulty of discriminating pollen materials bearing morphological similarity. In this study, a specific focus was to identify cattail pollen (Puhuang) and pine pollen (Songhuafen) samples from their adulterants which are frequently mixed-together. Regions of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS2) from 60 samples were sequenced, and new primers for cattail pollen were designed according to the sequence information. The results from the NJ trees showed that the species of pine pollen, Puhuang and their adulterants can be classified as obvious monophyly. Therefore, we propose to adapt DNA barcoding methodology to accurately distinguish cattail pollen, pine pollen and their adulterant materials. It is a great help for drug regulatory agency to supervise the quality of medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
China , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Methods , DNA, Plant , Genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Classification , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Pinus , Classification , Genetics , Pollen , Classification , Genetics , Quality Control , Typhaceae , Classification , Genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330316

ABSTRACT

In this study, the psbA-trnH sequence as DNA barcode was used to evaluate the accuracy and stability for identification pteridophyte medicinal material Pyrrosiae Foliumas from adulterants. Genomic DNA from 106 samples were extracted successfully. The Kimura 2-Parameter (K2P) distances and ML tree were calculated using software MEGA 6.0. The intra-specific genetic distances of 3 original plants were lower than inter-specific genetic distances of adulterants. The ML tree indicated that Pyrrosiae Folium can be distinguished from its adulterants obviously. Therefore, the psbA-trnH sequence as a barcode of the pteridophyte, can accurately and stably distinguish Pyrrosiae Folium from its adulterants.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Methods , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Classification , Ferns , Classification , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Quality Control
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330315

ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate the efficiency of ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences used as DNA barcodes to distinguish Plantaginis Semen from its adulterants, we collected 71 samples of Plantaginis Semen and its adulterants. The ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences were aligned through Clustal W, and the genetic distances were calculated by kimura 2-parameter (K2P) model and the Neighbor-Joining (NJ) phylogenetic trees were constructed using MEGA 5.1. The results indicated that the ITS2 sequence lengths of Plantago asiatica and P. depressa were 199 bp and 200 bp, respectively; the maximum intra-specific K2P distance were lower than the minimum inter-specific K2P distance; the NJ tree based on ITS2 sequence indicated that Plantaginis Semen and its adulterants could be distinguished clearly. The sequence lengths of psbA-trnH of both P. asiatica and P. depressa were 340 bp; the maximum intra-specific K2P distances were lower than the minimum inter-specific K2P distance; the NJ tree based on psbA-trnH sequence showed that Plantaginis Semen can be distinguished clearly from its adulterants except for P. major. Therefore, ITS2 sequences can be used as an ideal DNA barcode to distinguish Plantaginis Semen from its adulterants.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Methods , DNA, Plant , Genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Classification , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Plantago , Classification , Genetics , Quality Control , Seeds , Classification , Genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635312

ABSTRACT

Background Acute stress can provoke the apoptosis of retina cells and induce increasing expression of calcitonin gene related peptide(CGRP)in retina.However,the role of CGRP in pathology of the stressinduced apoptosis of the retina ceils is still elusive.Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of endogenous CGRP on retinal cell apoptosis induced by stress of acute myocardial ischemia after coronary artery occlusion in rats. Methods The acute myocardial ischemia model was established by ligating the left anterior descending branch of coronary artery in 12 male Sprague-Dawley rats.The rats were randomized into CGRP8-37 injection group and normal saline injection group,6 rats 12 eyes for every group.CGRP8-37(10-7 mol/L),a specific antagonist of CGRP receptor,was intravenously injected in CGRP8-37 group by caudal vine at 15 minutes prior to the coronary artery occlusion,and the equivalent amount of normal saline was used at the same fashion in normal saline group.The retinal samples of the rats were collected at 3 hours after coronary artery occlusion for TUNEL staining and caspase-3 activity detection respectively. Results The cellular displacement was observed in inner and outer nuclear layer,and vacuolar degeneration of retinal ganglion cells was found in the coronary artery occlusion animals.The total apoptosis index of retinal cells in CGRP8-37 group was significantly higher than that in normal saline group (42.8%±2.8% vs 37.5%±2.9%,t=-3.244,P<0.01).The retinal capase-3 activity was significantly enhanced in the CGRP8-37 group compared with saline group(11.3±3.1 fold vs 4.9±1.2 fold,t=-4.603,P<0.01)at 3 hours of coronary artery occlusion.Conclusion The results suggest that the endogenous CGRP may play an anti-apoptotic role in the stress.induced retinal cell injury.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 292-296, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326380

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical significance of 320-slice CT hepatic artery images in patients with liver transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 58 patients underwent CT scanning by 320-slice scanner after liver transplantation. They were divided into 2 groups according to the concentration of contrast media as follows: Group A (27 cases, 350 mgI/ml iopromide), Group B (31 cases, 370 mgI/ml iopromide). Contrast medium was infused at 6 ml/s, with a total dose of 50 ml. Images were generated by dynamic volume scanning and were processed by 4D digital subtraction angiography (DSA) imaging software. The time-density curve (TDC) of the hepatic artery was delineated. The time to peak, peak contrast enhancement were recorded. The physiological parameters such as body weight and height were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) There were no differences in clinical parameters such as age, sex, height, weight, or BMI between groups. The time to peak of hepatic artery of group A and B was (19.71+/-3.11) s and (20.06+/-3.67) s, and had no significant difference. The maximum peak enhancement of hepatic artery in groups B was higher than that group A (P < 0.05). (2) 4D DSA revealed hepatic artery pseudo-aneurysm (n = 2), and hepatic artery mild stenosis (n = 13), moderate stenosis (n = 5), severe stenosis (n = 9) and occlusion (n = 1), segmental moderate and severe stenosis (n = 4), and compensatory circulation with hepatic artery severe stenosis and occlusion (n = 6). hepatoportal arteriovenous fistulas (HPAVF, n = 12), donor-recipient hepatic artery mismatch (n = 3). Hepatic arterial branch are decreased and opened in 15 cases and 8 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>320-slice CT hepatic artery images is safe, noninvasive, and accurate technique to evaluate hepatic arterial complications after liver transplantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Hepatic Artery , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Liver Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Methods , Young Adult
10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 487-492, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360311

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct the height and weight growth charts for Chinese children and adolescents from birth to 18 years for both clinical and preventive health care uses.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data from two national representative cross-sectional surveys which were The National Growth Survey of Children under 7 years in the Nine Cities of China in 2005 and The Physical Fitness and Health Surveillance of Chinese School Students in 2005. The data from 94,302 urban healthy children were used to set up the database of length/height (length was measured for children under 3 years) and weight. The LMS method was used to smooth the growth curves, with estimates of L, M, and S parameters, values of percentile and Z-score curves which were required were calculated, and then generated standardized growth charts.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 3rd, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, 97th smoothed percentiles curves and -3, -2, -1, 0, +1, +2, +3 Z-scores curves of weight-for-age, length/height-for-age for boys and girls aged 0-18 years were made out respectively. Comparison with the new WHO growth charts and 2000 CDC growth charts for the United States, the results showed that there was some big difference in weight and height among the three growth charts. For boys under 15 years of age and girls under 13 years of age, the China curves are slightly higher than WHO and CDC curves, but after those ages, the China curves fall behind and the difference became larger as age progresses. At the age of 18 years, the Chinese children are 3.5 cm shorter in boys and 2.5 cm shorter in girls as compared with the U. S. children. The difference in weights are very large for the school children, especially in girls. The weight of Chinese boys was 5.9 kg less than that of the U. S. boys at 18 years, and the difference was much bigger in girls, the weight of U.S. girls between 8 to 18 years was 4.1-20.5 kg more than that of Chinese girls at the same age range.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new growth charts of height and weight were based on national survey data and therefore are recommended as the China national growth standards for use in pediatric clinics and public health service. Application of the charts will promote child growth monitoring, discovering early growth disorder, and will be useful to diagnosis of diseases and assessment of therapeutic effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Body Height , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Body Weights and Measures , Reference Standards , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Reference Standards
11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 493-498, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360310

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct the body mass index (BMI) reference data and curves for Chinese children and adolescents from birth to 18 years of age.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data from two national representative cross-sectional surveys which were The National Growth Survey of Children under 7 years in the Nine Cities of China in 2005 and The Physical Fitness and Health Surveillance of Chinese School Students in 2005. Height (length was measured for children under 3 years) and weight data of 93,702 urban healthy children from nine cities/provinces used to calculate the BMI. The LMS method was used to smooth the BMI, with estimates of L, M, and S parameters, values of percentile and Z-score curves which were required were calculated, and then standardized growth charts were generated. Adult cut-offs for overweight and obesity at 18 years was used to study the cut-offs for children 2 to 18 years of age.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The smoothed percentiles and Z-scores reference data and curves of BMI-for-age for boys and girls aged 0-18 years were made out respectively. BMI cut-off values for overweight and obesity for children from 2 to 18 years of age were also defined. At 18 years, the BMI values are equivalent to the overweight cut-off (> or =24 kg/m2) and obesity cut-off (> or =28 kg/m2) for Chinese adults. Comparison with the reference of the WHO and 2000 CDC for the United States, there were some difference among them, at the 97th percentile curve there was a big difference between Chinese and U. S. adolescents. On the whole, the China BMI curve for boys was higher than the new WHO curve and lower than 2000 CDC at 97 percentile curve, but the China BMI curve for girls was lowest among the three curves. There was also significant difference between China and Japan BMI values at 97 percentile curve.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BMI growth curves are very useful in child growth monitoring and nutritional surveillance, discovering overweight and obesity. The BMI growth charts are recommended for use in pediatric clinic and public health service.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Body Height , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Body Weights and Measures , Reference Standards , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Obesity , Epidemiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242671

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the physical growth changes in Chinese children aged from 0 to 7 years old during the past 30 years.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four national physical growth surveys of the children under 7 years old were undertaken in the same urban and suburban areas of nine main cities in China from 1975 to 2005. The nine cities were Beijing, Harbin and Xi'an in the northern part; Shanghai, Nanjing and Wuhan in the central part; Guangzhou, Fuzhou and Kunming in the southern part of China. Random cluster sampling method was used. The children aged from 0 to 7 years old were classified into 22 groups by age. The sample size was ranged from 150 to 200 persons for each sex-age group in each area (urban/rural) of each city. Totally, 158 400, 152 874, 157 362 and 138 775 healthy children were examined in 1975, 1985, 1995 and 2005 respectively. The data of weight, height, chest and head circumference obtained from these surveys were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Average weight and height in most of the age groups for both boys and girls from urban and suburban rural areas has been significantly improved during the past 30 years, the average increments of weight were 0.76 kg to 1.14 kg in 12 - 15 months group and 2.58 kg to 3.26 kg in 6 - 7 years group; and the average increments of height were 2.7 cm to 3.8 cm in 12 - 15 months group and 5.0 cm to 7.6 cm in 6 - 7 years group. Chest circumference did not show an increase in infants younger than 4 months and increased slightly after 4 months. The average increments of head circumference were 0.1 cm to 1.0 cm. From 1975 to 2005, the increments of weight and height per 10 years was in an increasing trend, e.g. weight increments of 5 - 6 years old were 0.58 kg, 1.02 kg and 1.67 kg and the height increments were 1.5 cm, 2.0 cm and 2.6 cm for every 10 years. The urban-rural difference in height has become smaller, the height difference in 6 - 7 years group for boys was decreased from 4.9 cm in 1975 to 2.6 cm in 2005. The weight has become smaller in children under 3 years old but becoming greater after 3 years, such as the difference increased from 1.14 kg in 1975 to 1.72 kg in 2005 for boys aged 6 - 7 years old. The regional difference also showed a decreasing trend.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The physical growth of Chinese children had been much improved during the past 30 years and the secular trend should be still continuing at an accelerated growth stage. The urban-rural difference and regional difference in weight and height had become smaller.</p>


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Body Height , Body Weight , Child , Child Development , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Rural Population , Sampling Studies , Urban Population
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 691-696, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295256

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the manifestation and diagnostic value of multislice spiral CT (MSCT) and MRI imaging in detection of tumor recurrence after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 161 consecutive HCC patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-nine HCC patients were classified by pTNM according to the "Pittsburgh criteria". MSCT and MRI findings of tumor recurrence after liver transplantation were evaluated retrospectively in 29 stage II-IVb HCC patients. The recurrence site and relapse interval between liver transplantation and recurrence were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Lung tumor recurrence were found in 21 cases, presented as cotton-like lesions in a diameter of 2 - 3 cm, with a clear margin and homogeneous density. Pleural tumor recurrence was detected in 4 cases. Liver tumor recurrence were found in 9 cases, which can be divided into four subtypes: multinodular in 4 cases, diffuse lesion in 2 cases, huge mass in 2 cases, and uninodular in 1 case. Two cases showed tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava and portal vein. Lymph node tumor recurrence was found in 9 cases, presented as multiple nodules at hepatic hilum, lesser peritoneal sac, posterior mediastinum, retroperitoneum, or around pancreatic head, and accompanied with merging and necrosis in one case. Bone tumor recurrence were found as osteolytic destruction in 4 cases, and accompanied with adjacent soft-tissue mass in 2 cases. The recurrence sites of the 29 cases were as following: lung (21 cases, 72.4%), liver (9 cases, 31.0%), lymph nodes (9 cases, 31.0%), bone (4 cases, 13.8%) and other sites (3 cases, 10.3%). Lung tumor recurrence was found in all the 10 stage IVb patients with tumor recurrence after liver transplantation, significantly more frequent than that in stage IVa patients (P = 0.023). After liver transplantation, all 25 patients with stage III approximately IVb HCC developed recurrence within one year, but in the 4 cases with stage II HCC at one year later (P = 0.009).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results of our study show that in hepatocellular carcinoma patients after liver transplantation, the lung and pleura are the most frequent site of recurrence, followed by liver, lymph node and bone as the second and third sites. The Stage IVb hepatocellular carcinoma should be regarded as a contradiction for liver transplantation due to rapid recurrence. Tumor recurrence occurs later in stage II HCC than in stage III approximately IVb patients. MSCT and MRI are of significant importance in diagnosis and formulating operation plan in HCC patients with recurrence after liver transplantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Liver Transplantation , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Pleural Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Methods
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332450

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a rapid, sensitive and specific real time reverse transcription PCR for detecting and identifying human metapneumovirus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The Hmpv-L gene of human metapneumovirus was chosen as target gene, the primers and TaqMan probe were designed, and the PCR reaction was optimized systematically. The total RNA was extracted from respiratory specimens, and reverse transcription was performed through random primer. The cDNA was detected by using real time PCR. The specificity, sensitivity and reproducibility of real time PCR were estimated. The real time PCR was applied to detect 180 clinical respiratory specimens.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The human metapneumovirus can be detected using real time reverse transcription PCR accurately and quickly, and the sensitivity was 1 copy/microl. The coefficient of variation of intra-assay and inter-assay was less than 5%. Among those 180 specimens, 28 (15.56%) were positive for human metapneumovirus, the clinical diagnoses for these 28 patients were pneumonia (15.60%, 17/109) and bronchiolitis (15.49%, 11/71). 21 positive specimens were from patients under 2 years of age, and 6 positive specimens were from patients between 2 and 5 years of age, only 1 positive specimens was from patients over 5 years.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is demonstrated that real time reverse transcription PCR is a reliable, accurate and feasible assay for human metapneumovirus, which has become one of the most important pathogens induced acute respiratory infections in pediatric patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Metapneumovirus , Genetics , Respiratory Tract Infections , Virology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Reverse Transcription , Sensitivity and Specificity
15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 274-278, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332258

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prognostic value of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in the study of warm ischemia reperfusion injury to the regeneration of hepatic cells of the livers following their orthotopic transplantation in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A rat orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) model with warm ischemia, the experimental group, was established and the same was done with a control group but without warm ischemia of the livers. They were studied at 6 time points (6 hours, 1, 3, 7, 14, and 30 days after OLT). All rats took axial T1 weighted and T2 weighted imaging scans and 1H MR spectroscopies.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive rate of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and the mean peak choline/water ratio in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group and the peak choline /water ratio had a positive correlation with the positive rate of PCNA. Serum ALT and AST increased significantly after OLT, especially during the 6 hour to 3day period. The levels of ALT and AST were markedly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Warm ischemia reperfusion injury of OLT has a significant effect on the regeneration of hepatic cells, and the choline peak of 1H-MRS can be used to evaluate the regeneration of hepatic cells non-invasively.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Graft Survival , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Liver Regeneration , Liver Transplantation , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Diagnosis , Warm Ischemia
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 100-105, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273329

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Budd-Chiari syndrome with hepatic vein occlusion (HVBCS) can induce severe portal hypertension and liver damage. We retrospectively analyzed hepatic CT features of HVBCS and evaluated the usefulness of triphasic enhancement of CT examinations and CT angiography (CTA) in its diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-five cases with HVBCS, confirmed by digital subtraction angiography (DSA), received a triphasic enhancement CT scan within one week before DSA. The CTA images of the relevant blood vessels were reconstructed with maximum intensity projection, volume rendering and oblique reformat techniques.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with DSA, the detection rate of transverse CT and CTA images for abnormal hepatic vein were 81.7% (58/71) and 95.8% (68/71) (chi(2) = 7.044, P = 0.008), for membranous obstruction were 47.4% (9/19) and 84.2% (16/19) respectively (chi(2) = 5.729, P = 0.017), for segmental obstruction were 88.0% (22/25) and 100% (25/25) respectively (chi(2) = 1.418, P = 0.234). The detection rates for hepatic vein stenosis were 100% with each method. Diffuse hepatomegaly was found in all 6 cases in acute phase and 3 of 19 cases in chronic phase who had severe obstruction of three hepatic veins without patent intrahepatic collaterals. The other 16 cases in chronic phase had hepatatrophia to different extents related to the obstructed hepatic vein. All in acute phase and 15 in chronic phase presented typical patchy enhancement initially in caudate lobe and perihilar areas and enlarged with time delay. In all cases, parenchyma areas with atrophy, necrosis and congestion demonstrated lower and later enhancement. In all the parts, which had normal enhancement at least one patent outflow hepatic vein, accessory hepatic vein or collateral vessel was detected.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Dynamic enhancement CT examination by multislice spiral CT not only could improve the diagnosis of HVBCS by CTA technique, but also could noninvasively provide anatomical information and reveal damage to the hepatic parenchyma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Budd-Chiari Syndrome , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Methods
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639157

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical application of quantitative ultrasound(QUS) which evaluate skeletal status of children and adolescents.Methods Subjects were children and adolescents aged 0-18 years old.Tibia/radial bone strength was obtained using QUS.Children who were younger than 2 years old only were measured at midpiece of tibia,and children who were older than 2 years old were measu-red at midpiece of tibia and radius.At the same time,calcium in peripheral blood was measured by the method of atomic absorption.Results 1.Radial and tibial bone strength presented nonlinear growth with age in healthy children and adolescents.2.Bone strengths of different anatomic-sites were different and the disparity rate of evaluation at different anatomic sites was 30.1%.3.The bone strength of the children who had some risk factors that could induce decrease of bone strength or had some diseases of bone metabolism was lower than healthy children.Composition of low bone strength children was 71.1% in high risk children,and was 47.9% in those who had some symptom or physical sign of calcium deficiency.4.Composition of low bone strength children was 44.2% in those who had normal peripheral blood calcium,and composition of normal bone strength children in those who had low peripheral blood calcium was 59.7%.The 2 methods had no correlation.Conclusions QUS is a quite useful technique in evaluation skeletal status of children and adolescents,and is sensitive for high risk children.It is necessary to measure radius and tibia,and consider blood calcium and bone strength to evaluate practical level of calcium and nutritional state of children.

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