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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885976

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on the protein expression of c-fos in fastigial nucleus (FN) and lateral hypothalamus area (LHA) in rats with acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI), and to explore the role and mechanism of FN and LHA in EA at the Heart Meridian fighting against acute MIRI reaction. Methods: Seventy Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, an EA-Heart Meridian group and an EA-Lung Meridian group, with 14 rats in each group; an LHA lesion plus EA-Heart Meridian group (LHA+EA-Heart Meridian group) and a FN lesion plus EA-Heart Meridian group (FN+EA-Heart Meridian group), with 7 rats in each group. Except the sham operation group, the left anterior descending branch of coronary artery was ligated to establish acute MIRI rat models in the other 5 groups. In the three groups with EA-Heart Meridian treatment, Shenmen (HT 7) and Tongli (HT 5) were selected; Taiyuan (LU 9) and Lieque (LU 7) were selected in the EA-Lung Meridian group. All the EA groups received EA stimulation prior to modeling, with 1 mA in current intensity and 2 Hz in frequency, 20 min each time, once a day for a total of 7 d. The sham operation group and the model group did not receive EA stimulation. The electrocardiogram was observed in the rats to analyze the ST-segment deviation and cardiac arrhythmia score. The expression of c-fos protein in FN and LHA was detected by immunohistochemistry method. Results: Compared with the sham operation group, the ST-segment deviation, cardiac arrhythmia score and the expression of c-fos protein in the FN and LHA increased significantly in the model group (all P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the ST-segment deviation, cardiac arrhythmia score and the expression of c-fos protein in FN and LHA decreased significantly in the EA-Heart Meridian group (all P<0.05). Compared with the EA-Heart Meridian group, the ST-segment deviation and cardiac arrhythmia score increased significantly in the EA-Lung Meridian group, LHA+EA-Heart Meridian group and FN+EA-Heart Meridian group (all P<0.05); the expression of c-fos in FN increased significantly in the EA-Lung Meridian group and LHA+EA-Heart Meridian group (both P<0.05); the expression of c-fos in LHA increased significantly in the EA-Lung Meridian group and FN+EA-Heart Meridian group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: FN and LHA are involved in the mechanism of EA at Heart Meridian to improve the acute MIRI reactions, and the cerebellum may participate in the improvement of cardiac function by EA through the cerebellum-hypothalamus projection.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) preconditioning at heart meridian acupoints on the contents of dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in lateral hypothalamus area (LHA) and cerebellar fastigial nucleus (FN) in the rats with acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI), and explore the role and mechanism of LHA and FN in the effect of EA at heart meridian acupoints against acute MIRI.@*METHODS@#Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a model group, an EA heart meridian group and an EA lung meridian group, 12 rats in each group, as well as an LHA plus heart meridian group (damage of bilateral LHA) and an FN plus heart meridian group (damage of bilateral FN), 6 rats in each one. Three days after nucleus destruction, EA was applied to "Shenmen" (HT 7) and "Tongli" (HT 5) in the EA heart meridian group, the LHA plus heart meridian group and the FN plus heart meridian group and EA was applied to "Taiyuan" (LU 9) and "Lieque" (LU 7) in the EA lung meridian group, with 1 V in stimulating voltage and 2 Hz in frequency, lasting 20 minutes each time, once a day, for consecutively 7 days before model replication. Except in the sham-operation group, MIRI rat models were duplicated by ligation of the left anterior descending branch of the coronary artery in the rest groups. Using Power lab physiological recorder, ST segment displacement value was recorded before modeling, 30 min after ligation and 120 min after reperfusion separately. The high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection and analysis system was adopted to determine the contents of DA and 5-HT in LHA and FN dialysate after rat modeling in each group.@*RESULTS@#In comparison of ST segment displacement value 30 min after ligation and 120 min after reperfusion among groups, the value in the model group was higher than that in the sham-operation group (@*CONCLUSION@#EA preconditioning at heart meridian acupoints can effectively alleviate myocardial injury in acute MIRI rats, during which, DA and 5-HT in LHA and FN may be the important material basis.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Cerebellar Nuclei , Dopamine , Electroacupuncture , Hypothalamic Area, Lateral , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2314-2321, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829374

ABSTRACT

The intestinal flora is a diverse microbial community living in the digestive tract of humans and animals. This microbial community can modify drugs in unpredictable ways, leading to changes in the pharmacokinetics of drugs in vivo and affecting their clinical efficacy. Here we review drug metabolism mediated by intestinal flora from three aspects: prodrug activation, drug inactivation, and toxicity. The effect of the stable hypoxic environment on the composition and quantity of intestinal flora and the effect on drug metabolism are discussed. Understanding the influence of intestinal flora on drug metabolism is not only conducive to individualized medication, but also conducive to rational drug design, allowing us to predict and understand individual drug response and regulate the intestinal microbiome to improve drug efficacy, thus promoting personalized medicine.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of combination chidamide and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in the treatment of childhood acute T lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).@*METHODS@#Seven children with acute T lymphoblastic leukemia received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in SUN Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of SUN Yat-Sen University were selected. 7 cases of T-ALL were divided into 2 groups: HSCT plus chidamide-treated group (4 cases) and traditional HSCT-treated group (3 cases) as control. The incidence of GVHD and other related complications, as well as implantation, recurrence and survival were compared between the two groups, and the side effects of chidamide were observed. All the patients were follow-up until January 2019.@*RESULTS@#All the 7 patients were alive and, there was no difference in the incidence of acute GVHD between the HSCT plus chidamides treated group and the traditional HSCT-treated group. The implantation rate of HSCT was 100%, and there were no recurrence occurred. During the application of chidamide, 3 cases showed adverse reactions, of which 2 cases had adverse reactions of grade 3 or higher, and 2 cases were hematological adverse reactions (neutropenia, thrombocytopenia), other adverse reactions were non-hematologic adverse reactions (transaminase elevation, fatigue, nausea, vomiting), there were no serious adverse reactions occurred. In the HSCT plus chidamide-treated group, 2 cases were found that mature lymphocytes were not expressed by tumors, during examing for minimal redidaul disease (MRD). Compared with the immunophenotype and TCR rearrangement at first diagnosis, the results did not support the source of residual T-ALL tumor cells. During the review of MRD, it was found that the abnormal T cells showed an increasing trend, indicating that chidamide might induce leukemia cell differentiation through some pathways.@*CONCLUSION@#Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is still an effective method to cure children's T-ALL. In some cases, abnormal T-cell nonclonal amplification occurs during the application of chidamide, and the children with T-ALL can tolerable adverse reactions of chidamide.


Subject(s)
Aminopyridines , Benzamides , Child , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Recurrence , Transplantation, Homologous
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692272

ABSTRACT

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ambient air can participate in photochemical reactions, which lead to the generation of secondary pollutants such as ozone and aerosol. So real-time and accurate monitoring of atmospheric VOCs plays an important role in the study of the causes of air pollution. On the basis of proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) research, a novel dipolar proton transfer reaction mass spectrometer (DP-PTR-MS) for real-time and on-line monitoring atmospheric VOCs was developed. Compared with the conventional PTR-MS with one kind of reagent ion H3O+, DP-PTR-MS had three kinds of reagent ions H3O+, OH-, (CH)2COH+, which could be switched according to the actual detection need. So DP-PTR-MS can improve the qualitative ability and expand the detection range effectively. The reagent ion H3O+can be used for detecting VOCs whose proton affinities are greater than that of H2O. The reagent ion OH-can be used to identify VOCs cooperating with the reagent ion H3O+,and can also be used for detecting some inorganic substances such as CO2. The reagent ion (CH3)2COH+can be used for accurately detecting NH3under interference elimination circumstances. The limit of detection (LOD) and sensitivity of DP-PTR-MS were measured by using six kinds of standard gases. The results showed that the LOD for detecting toluene was 7×10-12(V/V) and the sensitivity for detecting ammonia has reached 126 cps/10-9 (V/V). The ambient air in Hefei city was on-line and real-time monitored for continuous 78 hours with DP-PTR-MS. The results showed that the newly developed DP-PTR-MS could be used for long-term and real-time monitoring atmospheric VOCs with the concentration of 10-12(V/V) level. DP-PTR-MS is an important tool for the study of the causes of atmospheric pollution and the monitoring of trace VOCs emissions.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 267-270, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355986

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the etiological agent of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), and to genetically characterize enterovirus 71 (EV71) isolated from clinical specimens of HFMD patients in Nanjing in 2010.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Throat swab specimens were collected from 248 inpatients with HFMD in Nanjing Children's Hospital and then viral isolation was performed. Real-time PCR was used for detection of EV71, coxsackievirus A16 (Cox A16) and other enteroviruses from the positive isolates. Twenty EV71 strains from different clinical types of cases were selected for entire VP1 coding gene amplification and sequencing, finally a phylogenetic tree was constructed among the 20 EV71 strains and EV71 representative strains of known genotypes and subgenotypes.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>From the 248 throat swabs specimens, 110 EV71 strains, 28 Cox A16 strains, and 8 other enterovirus strains were isolated and the positive rate was 44.35%, 11.29%, 3.23%, respectively. Then nucleotide sequencing was performed on the 20 EV71 strains. There was little difference in the nucleotide and the amino acid sequences among the 20 EV71 strains, the homology was 95.51%-100% and 98.32%-100%, respectively. The phylogenetic tree showed that all the 20 EV71 strains belonged to C4 subgenotype.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EV71 was the main pathogen of HFMD in Nanjing in 2010 and all the analyzed isolates belonged to C4 serotype. No significant difference was found in sequence of VP1 region of EV71 isolated from different clinical types of cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Capsid Proteins , Genetics , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Enterovirus A, Human , Genetics , Female , Genotype , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Infant , Male
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231209

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical and molecular epidemiology characteristics of human Bocavirus 1-3 (HBoV1-3) in children for acute respiratory infection in Lanzhou area.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nasopharyngeal aspiration samples and throat swabs were collected from 524 children with ARTI at the First Hospital of Lanzhou University, Gansu Province, China, between December 2009 and November 2010. Nested PCR was employed to screening HBoV1-3, which amplified a 518-bp fragment of the partial NS1 gene. Furthermore, a standard reverse transcription-PCR was used to screen for other common respiratory viruses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall frequency of HBoV was 8.2% (43/524), lining up behind human rhinovirus, RSV, parainfluenza virus 3. Thirty of the HBoV-postive children(69.8%) were co-infected with other respiratory viruses. The prevalence of HBoV1 in ALRTI was obviously higher than that in AURI. The 2 HBoV2 NS1 sequences shared 99% and 100% nucleotide sequence identity with HBoV2 strain CU47TH respectively. Two cases of HBoV2 postive children appears gastrointestinal symptoms. The one HBoV3 NS1 sequences shared 99% nucleotide sequence identity with HBoV3 isolate 46-BJ07.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The HBoV3 was detected at the first time in lanzhou area. HBoV1-3 infection exists in children with acute respiratory tract infections in Lanzhou region, HBoV1 were dominant. The mixed infection rate was higher.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , China , Female , Human bocavirus , Classification , Genetics , Humans , Infant , Male , Phylogeny , Respiratory Tract Infections , Virology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231207

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the molecular epideiological and clinical feature of human metapneumovirus in children with acute respiratory tract infection in Nanjing city, China.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Nasopharyngeal aspirates and nasopharyngeal swab were taken from 642 outpatients or hospitalized pediatric patients with acute at the Children Hospital of Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China, between August 2009 and July 2010. Respiratory speciments were tested for the M gene of hMPV by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). All RT-PCR positive products were sequenced and phlogenetic analysis was conducted.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>hMPV was detected in 35 (5.5%) of the 642 children. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that 51.4% of the hMPV were B1, 31.4% were A2b. The peak of the positive rate was in April. The majority of the hMPV-positive patients(71.4%) were 0-1 years old. Of the 35 hMPV-positive patients, 15 (42.8%) were co-infected with other respiratory viruses, and human rhinovirus (HRV) were the most common additional respiratory virus. The most common clinical diagnosis was pneumonia (48.6%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Human metapneumovirus is an important pathogen of acute respiratory tract infection in children in Nanjing city. The subtype B1 was the predominating lineage in 2009-2010 in Nanjing city. No significant differences were found for clinical characteristics between genotype A and genotype B human metapneumovirus infection in children in Nanjing.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Metapneumovirus , Classification , Genetics , Phylogeny , Respiratory Tract Infections , Epidemiology , Virology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313934

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) gene silence on leukemia cell growth, leukemogenesis and efficacy of chemotherapy drug. Vector containing lentiviral-FAK-shRNA was constructed and transfected into BCR/ABL-BaF3 leukemic cells, the cell growth and apoptosis were detected in vitro. The effect of FAK shRNA on leukemogenesis was studied in a murine model with leukemia. The apoptosis of leukemia cells and survival of leukemic mice treated by FAK shRNA combined with drug STI571 were monitored. The results showed that FAK gene expression was knocked down by lentiviral-FAK-shRNA. FAK gene silencing inhibited leukemia cell growth in vitro. The apoptosis test results showed that the percentages of Annexin V(+) cells in vector control group and FAK shRNA group were (3.46 ± 0.56)% and (7.3 ± 0.79)%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). The mice in vector control group died at day 21 to 27, while the mice in FAK shRNA group died between day 52 and 60, and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Moreover, FAK gene silence combined with drug STI571 could enhance the apoptosis of leukemia cells and prolong survival time of leukemic mice. It is concluded that FAK gene silence inhibits leukemogenesis and promotes efficacy of chemotherapy drug on leukemia cells, indicating FAK gene silence may be considered as a new therapeutic strategy for leukemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Focal Adhesion Kinase 1 , Genetics , Gene Silencing , Genetic Vectors , Leukemia, Experimental , Genetics , Therapeutics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Transfection
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1235-1239, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332386

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to detect the minimal residual disease (MRD) in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by using real time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) . The Ig and TCR gene rearrangements were amplified by using 18 primer sets in B-ALL, 8 primer sets in T-ALL; the ALL-MRD levels were quantified by using RQ-PCR with SYBR green dye staining and clone specific Ig/TCR gene rearrangements as molecular markers. The results indicated that there were 8 cases showing gene rearrangements in 9 B-ALL patients, marker detection rate for all samples was 88.8%, the MRD level on day 33 during induction treatment decreased significantly. It is concluded that Ig/TCR gene rearrangements can be used as a marker to detect MRD in childhood ALL; the technique of QR-PCR with SYBR green dye staining is reliable, relatively sensitive and easy performable method which can be used in routine detection for childhood ALL.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , DNA Primers , Female , Gene Rearrangement , Genes, T-Cell Receptor , Humans , Male , Neoplasm, Residual , Diagnosis , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Genetics
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