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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 5-8, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013870

ABSTRACT

IFIT1 is a highly inducible member of the interferon stimulating gene family (ISGs) with tetrapeptide repeats. It mainly exists in the cytoplasm and is regulated by interferon, a variety of antiviral role through a variety of mechanisms and pathways, and many viruses have evolved unique mechanisms to evade the limiting effects of IFIT1 and thus counter the body' s antiviral immunity, the unique anti-inflammatory effect of IFIT1 has been extensively studied in inflammatory diseases, Therefore, we mainly review the anti-inflammatory and antiviral effects of IFIT1 and the related mechanisms, so as to provide new therapeutic targets and ideas for the treatment of related diseases.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 450-454, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014380

ABSTRACT

Aging is one of the most important risk factors for human diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and neurodegenerative diseases, and many aging diseases are related to cellular aging. Cells show profound phenotypic changes during aging, which are driven by changes in metabolism, chromatin organizationand transcriptional activity. A significant feature of aging is the secretion of inflammatory mediators, including various cytokines, chemokines, extracellular matrix proteins and growth factors, collectively known as the aging-related secreted phenotype (SASP). By secreting SASP, senescent cells have important effects on many biological processes, such as wound healing, tissue repair, tumor formation, or in vivo reorganization. In addition, the inflammatory response associated with SASP is considered to be the basis of aging-related diseases, and the discovery of new targets to control the response of aging effects is crucial. Recent scientific advances have shown that innate immune responses, particularly those involving the cGAS-STING pathway, trigger SASP. In this article, we review the biological function and regulatory mechanism of SASP through the cGAS-STING signaling pathway in aging diseases.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 171-175, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014311

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is one of the main diseases with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is the common pathological results of several chronic irritant disease such as viral hepatitis ,alcohol abuse, autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases and cholestatic liver diseases and will further develop into cirrhosis ,liver failure, portal hypertension and even death. The excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) that leads to disorder of liver structure is the main factor in the development of liver fibrosis. MicroRNAs are a class of 2225 nt endogenous noncoding small RNAs. Sufficient studies have shown that the abnormal expression of microRNAs is closely related to the progression of liver fibrosis. In this review, we summarize the regulatory effects of microRNAs discovered in recent years on the activation ,proliferation apoptosis and senescence of HSCs in liver fibrosisand the underlying mechanisms, putting forward the prospect.

4.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 245-251, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737196

ABSTRACT

Anoikis is a form of apoptosis induced upon cell detachment from extracellular matrix.It has been determined that acquisition of resistance to anoikis is a critical step for tumor cell metastasis.MiR-21,the most prominent oncomiR,plays an important role in tumor progression.In this study,we revealed that up-regulation of miR-21 in human esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) is associated with lymph node metastasis and poor survival rate.Because of the established anti-apoptosis effect of miR-21,it is tempting to speculate that miR-21 might contribute to tumor metastasis by regulating anoikis,qRT-PCR analysis demonstrated that miR-21 expression in OE33/AR cells (subpopulation of human EA OE33 cells that acquired resistance to anoikis) was significantly increased.Also,transfection of miR-21 mimics provided OE33 cells resisting to anoikis.By luciferase assays,we verified that PDCD4 and PTEN were the functional targets of miR-21.In mouse model,via tail vein injection experiment,we showed that the metastasis formation of OE33 cells in vivo could be mediated by changing the miR-21 expression pattern.Taken together,our findings suggested that miR-21 was involved in the regulation of anoikis in human EA cells.Targeting miR-21 may provide a novel strategy to prevent metastasis.

5.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 245-251, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735728

ABSTRACT

Anoikis is a form of apoptosis induced upon cell detachment from extracellular matrix.It has been determined that acquisition of resistance to anoikis is a critical step for tumor cell metastasis.MiR-21,the most prominent oncomiR,plays an important role in tumor progression.In this study,we revealed that up-regulation of miR-21 in human esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) is associated with lymph node metastasis and poor survival rate.Because of the established anti-apoptosis effect of miR-21,it is tempting to speculate that miR-21 might contribute to tumor metastasis by regulating anoikis,qRT-PCR analysis demonstrated that miR-21 expression in OE33/AR cells (subpopulation of human EA OE33 cells that acquired resistance to anoikis) was significantly increased.Also,transfection of miR-21 mimics provided OE33 cells resisting to anoikis.By luciferase assays,we verified that PDCD4 and PTEN were the functional targets of miR-21.In mouse model,via tail vein injection experiment,we showed that the metastasis formation of OE33 cells in vivo could be mediated by changing the miR-21 expression pattern.Taken together,our findings suggested that miR-21 was involved in the regulation of anoikis in human EA cells.Targeting miR-21 may provide a novel strategy to prevent metastasis.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2099-2103, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780093

ABSTRACT

A non-reduced SDS-PAGE purity method for quantitation of conbercept fragments was established based on gel screening, comparison of gel imaging system, linearity range of main band, screening of destaining conditions. The results indicated that the bands could be separated effectively with good clearness and flatness on 4%-15% gradient concentration gel, the peaks of all bands could be separated from baseline using high-distinguishability gel imaging system, the signal intensity of a main band had shown a good linearity with ≤ 3 μg of loading amount, and that the destaining was set as a total of ≤ 3 h with exchanging 100 mL destaining buffer every 60 min. The established non-reduced SDS-PAGE method could demonstrate the purity of conbercept more objectively. After validation, the established non-reduced SDS-PAGE method was submitted to FDA in the form of supplementary materials, which laid a quality basis for the direct entry of conbercept to the clinical Ⅲ study in the United States.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3069-3073, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327841

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a rapid quantitative analysis method for the content of chlorogenic acid and solid content in the extraction liquid concentration process during the production of Reduning injection by using the near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, in order to reflect the concentration state in a real-time manner and really realize the quality control of concentrating process of the extraction and concentration process.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The samples during the Jinqing extraction liquid concentration process were collected. After the removal of abnormal samples, the spectra pretreatment and the wave band selection, the quantitative calibration model between NIR spectra and chlorogenic acid HPLC analytical value and solid content was established by using PLS algorithm, and unknown samples were predicted.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The correlation coefficients between the chlorogenic acid content and the solid content were respectively 0.992 1 and 0.994 0, and the correlation coefficients of the verification model were respectively 0.994 4 and 0.998 4, with the root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) of 0.814 6 and 2.656 1 and the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) of 0.704 6 and 1.876 7 respectively, and the relative standard errors of predictions (RSEP) were 6.01% and 2.93% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method is simple, rapid, nondestructive, accurate and reliable, thus could be adopted for the fast monitoring of the chlorogenic acid content and the solid content during the concentration process of Reduning injection extraction liquid.</p>


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared , Methods
8.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 3162-3169, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855041

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components with a single-marker (QAMS) method for the determination of the nine components in Reduning Injection (RI), comparing with the external standard method, and to evaluate the adaptation and application of QAMS method in the quality control of RI. Methods: Chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, and gardenoside were used as the internal reference substances. The relative correlation factors (f) of neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, and caffeic acid to chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid B and isochlorogenic acid C to isochlorogenic acid A, and secoxyloganin to gardenoside were calculated and established. The results were compared with those obtained by the external standard method. Results: Within the linear ranges, the f values of chlorogenic acid to neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, and caffeic acid were 0.965, 0.991, and 0.555, respectively; isochlorogenic acid A to isochlorogenic acid B and isochlorogenic acid C were 1.283 and 1.129, respectively; jasminoidin to secoxyloganin was 1.030. The two methods did not show the significant difference in assay results. Conclusion: The QAMS method is feasible and credible, and could be used to determine the multiple components in RI.

9.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 648-651, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355790

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the results of observed individual means (OIM) model with beta binomial-normal (BBN) model and to apply the two models to assessment of long-term dietary lead exposure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Food consumption data were obtained from the National Nutrition and Health Survey conducted in 2002 by 24-hour recall method. Contamination data were derived from the national food contamination monitoring program from 2000 to 2006 and from monitoring data of Customs exports for agricultural products between 2005 and 2006. By multiplying the average consumption of food with the average concentration of contaminant, the OIM model calculated dietary intake per day. By correcting the within-person variation and keeping the between-person variation, the BBN model built dietary intake in the long-term.Using the example of food lead data, the results of two models were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The high-end percentile of OIM model was higher than the BBN model in various age groups.In the general population, the dietary intake of OIM model from 25th percentile to 99.9th percentile was between 1.167 and 7.313 µg×kg(-1)×d(-1), and the dietary intake of BBN model with the same percentile range was between 1.193 and 5.729 µg×kg(-1)×d(-1). The median of various groups was similar between the two models. The dietary intakes in the general population of two models were 1.543 and 1.579 µg×kg(-1)×d(-1).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The high-end percentile of OIM model is more conservative than BBN model in the long-term dietary exposure assessment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Food Contamination , Lead , Lead Poisoning , Epidemiology , Models, Statistical , Risk Assessment , Methods
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 334-337, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286285

ABSTRACT

DNA with different length was solved into ultra-pure water, the conducing behavior of the suspension was investigated at varied temperature and DNA concentration. The electrical conductivity of the samples increased with the increment of temperature and concentration of the solution. In terms of the length, the short-strand DNA (less than 50bp) showed a better conducting capability than the long-strand DNA(more than 1000bp). The electrical conductivity of short-strand DNA arrives at 1.08 x 10(-3) S/cm at room temperature. The conductance of the two DNA samples became similar at high temperature as well as their uptrend when DNA samples were heated.


Subject(s)
DNA , Chemistry , Electric Conductivity , Solutions , Temperature
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