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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851226


Objective To evaluate the effects of 15 kinds of drying methods including sun-drying, shade drying, infrared drying (50, 60, 70, 80 ℃), microwave drying (50, 60, 70, 80, 100 ℃), and hot-air drying (50, 60, 70, 80 ℃) on the quality of Leonurus japonicus through the content of multiple chemical components, and then optimize suitable drying methods for L. japonicus. Methods UPLC-QTRAP®/MS2 method was developed to determine the content of three alkaloids (stachydrine hydrochloride, leonurine hydrochloride, trigonelline), four phenolic acids (benzoic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, syringic acid), five phenylpropanoids (salidroside, acteoside, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid), 11 flavonoids (rutin, isoquercitrin, hyperoside, wogonin, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside, genkwanin, apigenin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, hesperetin, quercetin), and one iridoid glycoside (ajugol) in L. japonicus. The principal component analysis (PCA) and TOPSIS analysis were performed to evaluate the quality of the L. japonicus samples obtained by different drying methods. Results Different drying methods exerted significant effects on the content of 24 chemical ingredients in L. japonicus. The PCA analysis divided 15 drying methods into three types based on the content of 24 compounds. Moreover, the comprehensive evaluation of TOPSIS was carried out, and the top three drying methods were 70 ℃ hot-air drying, 60 ℃ hot-air drying, and 100 ℃ microwave drying, which largely retained the active ingredients of L. japonicus. Conclusion Combined with practice, we found that 70 ℃ hot-air drying was the optimized drying process of L. japonicus, which provides guarantee for the quality of L. japonicus and provides scientific basis for the production and processing of L. japonicus.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 660-669, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780143


The combination of ginkgo ketoester tablet - donepezil (GD) is a popular combination commonly used in clinic for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. To evaluate the learning and memory improving ability of different proportions of the two drugs. We optimized the ratio of GD for treatment of dementia using a mouse model. Dementia was induced by multiple neuronal damages in mice. The experimental protocols were approved by the Animal Experimental Ethical Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine and all the procedures were strictly conducted in accordance with ethical principle of animal use and care. Morris water maze, brain hematosylin-eosin staining and the changes of the neurotransmitters and related enzymes in the plasma or brain tissues were tested to determine the effect of GD on dementia mice. The results showed that the dementia mice were significantly different from the normal group in terms of behavior, pathological sections and related indicators. Compared to the dementia mice, partial administration groups could improve learning and memory ability as well as indexes in the blood and brain tissues. Both the principal component analysis and multi-attribute comprehensive index methods were used to comprehensively evaluate the total effect of GD on anti-dementia. The results showed that the combination of two drugs at the dose of 0.5 to 1 times was in a dose-effect relationship, and the dose of 1 (the clinical equivalent) had the best treatment effect. Then based on the optimal dose, GD 1∶1 had best effect, which was consistent with the clinical use of two drugs. This provides scientific basis for more effective application of the compatibility between ketoester tablet and donepezil for modern clinic medicine.