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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 385-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923586

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish and evaluate the predictive value of the risk prediction model for lung infection within postoperative 1 year in kidney transplant recipients. Methods Clinical data of 197 kidney transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. All recipients were divided into the infection group (n=42) and non-infection group (n=155) according to the incidence of lung infection within postoperative 1 year. The incidence and risk factors of lung infection after kidney transplantation were analyzed. Risk prediction model was established by multiple logistic regression analysis. Forty-five kidney transplant recipients who met the inclusion criteria, including 8 cases in the infection group and 37 cases in the non-infection group, were selected to verify the predictive effect of the established model. Results The incidence of lung infection within 1 year after kidney transplantation was 21.3% (n=42), including 38 cases (90%) of pneumonia severity index (PSI) class Ⅰ, 1 case (2%) of PSI class Ⅲ and 3 cases (8%) of PSI class Ⅴ. Lung infection occurred within 1 month after operation in 13 cases, within postoperative 2-6 months in 22 cases and after postoperative 6 months in 7 cases. Nineteen recipients were diagnosed with bacterial infection, 7 cases of fungal infection, 10 cases of viral infection and 6 cases of mixed infection. Smoking history, diabetes mellitus history, pulmonary disease history and albumin level of < 35 g/L were the independent risk factors for lung infection after kidney transplantation (all P < 0.05). The equation of risk prediction model for postoperative lung infection in kidney transplant recipients was logit (lung infection within postoperative 1 year in kidney transplant recipients)=-1.891+1.063×smoking history (yes=1, no=0)+1.398×diabetes mellitus history (yes=1, no=0)+1.732×pulmonary disease history (yes=1, no=0)+1.269×albumin level (< 35 g/L=1, ≥35 g/L=0). The area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) was 0.788, the sensitivity was 0.786, the specificity was 0.645, and the Youden index was 0.431, respectively. Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test demonstrated that the predicted value of this model yielded relatively high consistency with the observed value. The AUC in the verification group was 0.834. Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test validated high degree of calibration of this model. Conclusions The risk prediction model, consisting of smoking history, diabetes mellitus history, pulmonary disease history and albumin level as predictors, may effectively predict the incidence of lung infection within postoperative 1 year in kidney transplant recipients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873259

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the feasibility of the rapid identification system(MALDI-Biotyper System) of microorganisms for rapid identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and clinical isolation of Staphylococcus aureus. Method::Identification quality control and clinical isolation were conducted for drug resistance of S. aureus by microbial rapid identification system and broth dilution method. The scores of microbial rapid identification system were compared with the MIC value of broth dilution method. The drug resistance of P. aeruginosa was simultaneously identified to determine the accuracy and applicability of the rapid identification system of microorganisms. Result::The scores of the microbial rapid identification system showed that the score of sensitive quality control strain S. aureus was higher than 2.000, and the that of resistant strain of methicillin-resistant S. aureus(methicillin-resistant S. aureus, MRSA)was between 1.700 and 2.000.The score of clinically isolated S. aureus was between 1.700 and 2.000, which suggested the drug resistance and was consistent with the MIC value of the broth dilution method. At the same time, the systemic identification value of the P. aeruginosa, which is independent of the quality control sensitive strain, was greater than 2.000, showing sensitivity and it was a sensitive strain itself, which was consistent with the results. Conclusion::The microbial rapid identification system scoring method can be used for the rapid identification of the drug resistance of S. aureus and P. aeruginosa.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the reliability and validity of Chinese version of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (MDS)-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), and then do comparative analysis with original UPDRS. Methods:From May, 2016 to December, 2018, 225 patients with Parkinson's disease were respectively evaluated by MDS-UPDRS and UPDRS, and then the reliability and validity of MDS-UPDRS were evaluated. Correlation between two scales was analyzed. Results:The Cronbach's coefficient of the total MDS-UPDRS was 0.734. Rank correlation's coefficient was 0.905. For factor analysis, KMO was 0.728. Pearson's correlation analysis showed that the correlation's coefficient of the common factor of the two scales was 0.969, while the correlation's coefficient of the total score of the two scales was 0.972. Compared with UPDRS, MDS-UPDRS added a number of non-motor symptoms, which adjusted the standard of measurement and increased the accuracy degree of evaluation at early stage of disease. Besides, MDS-UPDRS added a lot of instructions to evaluate the standards to make the evaluation normatively. Conclusion:Chinese version of MDS-UPDRS has high reliability and validity, and highly correlate with the original UPDRS. It is more suitable for Chinese patients with Parkinson's disease in clinical evaluation than UPDRS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of combination of Tanreqing injection(Tanreqing) and imipenem-cilastatin on extensively-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (XDPA), and study the mechanism of the combination. Method:The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of Tanreqing and imipenem-cilastatin against planktonic XDPA strain isolated in clinic were determined by the broth microdilution method. The checkerboard method was used to evaluate the combination effect. The bacterial metabolic activity in mature biofilm was studied by microtiter-plate test. The destructive effect of combination drugs on dynamic biofilm was observed by using BioFlux system, and viable cells were examined by confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) after treatment. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used for observing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and length measurement. Result:The MIC values of imipenem-cilastatin and Tanreqing were 512 mg·L-1 and more than 16 500 mg·L-1. The checkerboard analysis showed that Tanreqing could enhance the sensitivity of imipenem-cilastatin, while the combination drugs synergistically inhibited the growth of bacteria. Compared with the control group or the imipenem-cilastatin individual group, the combined drugs significantly reduced the amount of living bacteria in the biofilm (PPPConclusion:Tanreqing and imipenem-cilastatin synergistically inhibit the bacterial growth in planktonic and biofilm states, and destruct biofilms.

5.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 132-137, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692395

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a height prediction model of Chinese Han male based on the reported 547 height-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) loci in Europeans, and assess its accuracy for height estimation. Methods The DNA typing was analyzed in 59 Han male samples of Shandong province by Affymetrix SNP Array 6.0 chip and HiSeq 4000 sequencing platform. Prediction model was established using 547 height-associated SNPs loci as predictors and weight allele sums (WAS) as com-puting method. The accuracy of height prediction model was analysed using receiver operating characteris-tic (ROC) curve and area under curve (AUC). Results There was no height-associated SNPs locus was found by genome-wide association studies. In present study, height prediction model was established by WAS and obtained an AUC of 0.67 (95%CI:0.53-0.90). Conclusion It has reference value for predicting the height of Han male in Shandong province by WAS model based on 547 SNPs loci, while it is still necessary to further promote the accuracy of the prediction model by screening more height-associated SNPs loci with population heterogeneity.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692314

ABSTRACT

The effect of CdS quantum dots (QDs) on the electrochemiluminescence (ECL) signal of Ru(bpy)32+ was studied. It was found that CdS QDs could enhance the anodic ECL of Ru(bpy)32+ by 4 times. The sensitization mechanism was discussed and the influence factors including concentrations of Ru (bpy)32+ and CdS QDs, pH of solution and scan rate on ECL intensity were investigated. On the basis of quenching effect of catechol on the ECL signal of CdS QDs-Ru(bpy)32+,a system for sensitive determination of catechol was established with a detection limit of 5.5 nmol/L (S/N=3). This method was applied to the detection of catechol in tea sample with satisfactory results.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2006-2011, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780083

ABSTRACT

Depression is a common mental disorder. It is estimated that by 2020, the global incidence of depression will be about 20%, which will bring huge economic burden to society. The pathogenesis of depression is complicated, the diagnostic method is not objective, and the cure rate is low. Antidepressants are often associated with adverse reactions during treatment, and patient compliance is poor. Therefore, a single component with antidepressant effects in natural medicines or a compound Chinese medicine gradually shows an advantage in the treatment of depression. Berberine (C20H18NO4) is one of the main components of traditional Chinese medicine Coptis. In recent years, a large amount of evidence indicates that berberine has a good antidepressant effect on different animal models of depression, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of monoamines and metabolism, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidation in the brain. This article describes the antidepressant effect and mechanism of berberine, and provides a basis for further exploration and research on the antidepressant effect of berberine.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20736

ABSTRACT

In order to find potential therapeutic agents on lung inflammatory conditions, the extracts of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus were prepared and its constituents were isolated. They include lignans such as (+)-syringaresinol (1), acanthoside B (2), salvadoraside (3) and acanthoside D (4), lariciresinol-9-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5) and phenylpropanoids such as 4-[(1E)-3-methoxy-1-propenyl]phenol (6), coniferin (7), and methyl caffeate (8). The extracts and several constituents such as compound 1, 6 and 8 inhibited the production of inflammatory markers, IL-6 and nitric oxide, from IL-1beta-treated lung epithelial cells and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated alveolar macrophages. Furthermore, the extracts and compound 4 significantly inhibited lung inflammation in lipolysaccharide-treated acute lung injury in mice by oral administration. Thus it is suggested that A. divaricatus var. albeofructus and its several constituents may be effective against lung inflammation.


Subject(s)
Eleutherococcus , Acute Lung Injury , Administration, Oral , Animals , Epithelial Cells , Interleukin-6 , Lignans , Lung , Macrophages , Macrophages, Alveolar , Mice , Nitric Oxide , Pneumonia
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337238

ABSTRACT

To effectively guarantee quality of randomized controlld trial (RCT) of acupuncture and develop reasonable content and checklist of on-site quality control, influencing factors on quality of acupuncture RCT are analyzed and scientificity of quality control content and feasibility of on-site manipulation are put into overall consideration. Based on content and checklist of on-site quality control in National 11th Five-Year Plan Project Optimization of Comprehensive Treatment Plan for TCM in Prevention and Treatment of Serious Disease and Clinical Assessment on Generic Technology and Quality Control Research, it is proposed that on-site quality control of acupuncture RCT should be conducted with PICOST (patient, intervention, comparison, out come, site and time) as core, especially on quality control of interveners' skills and outcome assessment of blinding, and checklist of on-site quality control is developed to provide references for undertaking groups of the project.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Reference Standards , China , Humans , Quality Control , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reference Standards , Research Design , Reference Standards
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-199227

ABSTRACT

In this study, 23 oleanane-type triterpenoid saponins were isolated from a methanol extract of the roots of Pulsatilla koreana. The NF-kappaB inhibitory activity of the isolated compounds was measured in TNFalpha-treated HepG2 cells using a luciferase reporter system. Compounds 19-23 inhibited TNFalpha-stimulated NF-kappaB activation in a dose-dependent manner, with IC50 values ranging from 0.75-8.30 microM. Compounds 19 and 20 also inhibited the TNFalpha-induced expression of iNOS and ICAM-1 mRNA. Moreover, effect of the isolated compounds on PPARs transcriptional activity was assessed. Compounds 7-11 and 19-23 activated PPARs the transcriptional activity significantly in a dose-dependent manner, with EC50 values ranging from 0.9-10.8 microM. These results suggest the presence of potent anti-inflammatory components in P. koreana, and will facilitate the development of novel anti-inflammatory agents.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Hep G2 Cells , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Luciferases , Methanol , NF-kappa B , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors , Pulsatilla , RNA, Messenger , Saponins , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301438

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the functional results of transoral CO2 laser epiglottectomy with transcervical supraglottic laryngectomy and to find the landmarks for CO2 laser surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-nine preoperatively untreated patients diagnosed as clinical T1-2N0M0 epiglottic carcinomas enrolled from June 1, 2006, to November 1, 2009 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University were studied retrospectively. Seventeen cases were treated by CO2 laser whereas 32 by open surgeries. The upper edge of thyroid cartilage and mucosal recess infra epiglottic tubercle could be used as intraoperation landmarks for transoral CO2 laser surgery. Optional neck dissections (II, III) were performed for 34 patients with tumors on laryngeal face, but not for 15 with tumors on the edges of epiglottis or small laryngeal face tumors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The follow-up for this study covers a period ranging from 3 to 6 years postoperatively. Four local recurrences were found for this study, 2 for laser surgery who underwent additional repeated exisions and 2 for conventional techniques, one received radiotherapy (60 Gy) and another with total laryngectomy. The incidence of lymph node metastasis was 10.2% (5/49) in all cases. Time of naso-feeding or hospitalisation was significantly shorter for CO2 laser treated patients than that for open techniques. Overall 3 year's survival rates were 100% and 90.6% for CO2 laser and the open techniques respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared to the open technique, transoral CO2 laser epiglottectomy is a well-tolerated and promising resection technique with low morbidity for early epiglottic carcinomas, and the identification of landmarks is useful for entire resection of epiglottis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Carbon Dioxide , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , General Surgery , Epiglottis , General Surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , General Surgery , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Laryngectomy , Methods , Larynx , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Gas , Therapeutic Uses , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1035-1037, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280782

ABSTRACT

Professor Li Zhi-dao has special method to treat knee osteoarthritis. He pays great attention to Feijing Zouqi method; beside the traditional acupoints, he creates two groups of acupoints: nine acupoints of the anterior or the posterior of the thigh, and what's more, he emphasises on improving the function of tendon; he particularly adopts fire needle therapy for the severe and invalidism patients. In addition, professor Li Zhi-dao pays great attention to the effect of the model and method of exercise on the osteoarthritis, and he advocates the patient should keep right active and passive movement of knee joint.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Therapeutics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of adenovirus-mediated tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 gene on the invasion of laryngeal squamous cancer.@*METHOD@#Ad-TFPI-2 was transfected into laryngeal squamous cancer (Hep-2) cell. Western-blot was used to test the TFPI-2 protein expression and Boyden Chamber experiment was used to examine the invasive ability of Hep-2 cells. Furthermore, the Ad-TFPI-2 infected Hep-2 cells were subcutaneously inoculated in nude mice and the tumor formation capability were observed.@*RESULT@#Ad-TFPI-2 was identified correctly by endonuclease and sequencing and the virus titer was 2.8 x 10(13) PFU/L. In the Hep-2 cells of treated group, the TFPI-2 protein expression was increased while the invasive capability was descent. The tumor formation capability was also decreased in the treated group nude mouse model.@*CONCLUSION@#TFPI-2 recombinant adenovirus can effectively inhibit the invasive capability of laryngeal squamous cancer.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Animals , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Glycoproteins , Genetics , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Pathology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Transfection
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317863

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the inhibitory effect of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) gene silencing in vitro and in vivo on the invasion and growth of laryngeal cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>siRNA recombinant lentivirus targeting MMP-2 gene was transfected into Hep-2 cells, and MMP-2 protein expression was analyzed consequently by using western-blot. Invasive properties of transfectants were evaluated by Boyden assay. In addition, the lentivirus was intratumorally injected in a model of the grafted nude mouse and the morphological changes of transfectants were examined by transmission electron microscope. Finally, cell proliferation in xenografts was measured by immunolabeling of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Over 90% of target cancer cells were found to be transfected by MMP-2-RNAi-Lentivirus. Western-blot analysis revealed that none of transfectants expressed MMP-2 protein whereas most untreated cancer cells exhibited positive protein expression. Significant differences were found between the treated and untreated groups regarding the number of transfectants penetrating through an artificial basement in a Boyden chamber (12 +/- 4 vs 35 +/- 6, x +/- s, t = 14.492, P < 0.01), and the average value of weight [(1.186 +/- 0.225) g vs [(2.127 +/- 0.344) g] and volume [(0.974 +/- 0.216) cm3 vs (1.618 +/- 0.272) cm3] of the grafted tumors (t was 7.094 and 5.684, P < 0.01). The overall tumor inhibitive rate was about 44.2%. Transmission electron microscope showed an obviously decreased invasive feature of transfectants. Finally, the percentages of transfectants immunolabeled for PCNA were significantly lower in the treated group (49.588 +/- 6.995) than those (71.434 +/- 7. 043) in control one (t = 9. 573, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The invasion, growth and proliferation of laryngeal cancer can be inhibited by siRNA mediated MMP-2 gene silencing. These data strongly suggest that MMP-2 gene silencing by siRNA technology could be a promising approach to cancer therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Basosquamous , Genetics , Pathology , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Lentivirus , Genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Genetics , Mice , Mice, Nude , RNA Interference , Transfection
15.
Tumor ; (12): 40-43, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849440

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between TFPI-2 gene expression and the invasion, metastasis, and prognosis of supraglottic carcinoma. Methods: Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical methods were used to examine the expression of TFPI-2 in supraglottic carcinoma, and the relationship between TFPI-2 expression and the clinicopathological features of supraglottic carcinoma were analyzed. Results: Positive ratio of TFPI-2 expression was significantly increased at protein and mRNA levels in supraglottic carcinoma tissues (P < 0.05). TFPI-2 mRNA and protein expression were decreased with the increase in the invasive depth of supraglottic carcinoma (P < 0.05). TFPI-2 mRNA and protein expression were significantly lower in supraglottic carcinoma tissues with nodal metastasis and at III-IV clinical stage than those without nodal metastasis and at I - II clinical stage (P < 0.05). The staining intensity of TFPI-2 protein was also decreased with increase in invasive depth and nodal metastasis (P < 0.05). The supraglottic carcinoma patients with negative TFPI-2 protein expression had poor prognosis than those with positive TFPI-2 expression. Conclusion: The downregulation of TFPI-2 has a close relationship with invasion and metastasis of supraglottic carcinoma, and it may serve as a helpful marker in evaluating the metastasis and prognosis of supraglottic carcinoma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288872

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the inhibitory effects of adenovirus transduced TFPI-2 gene on the growth of laryngeal squamous carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Recombinant adenoviruses carrying human TFPI-2 gene were amplified and identified. The nude mouse model of laryngeal squamous carcinoma was established by intracutaneous injection of Hep-2 cells. Mice in the treated group were injected with recombinant adenoviruses with Ad-TFPI-2 (adenoviruses-TFPI-2) in peritumor tissue while mice in control group were injected with equivalent null plasmids. After treatment, the tumor weight and volume of tumor in each mouse were measured respectively. The morphological changes of tumor cells were observed using transmission electron microscope and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression was examined using immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Ad-TFPI-2 virus titer was 2.8 x 10(12) PFU/ml after amplification. The average tumor weight and volume in Ad-TFPI-2 treated group were (1.20 +/- 0.34) cm3 and the volume (1.52 +/- 0.39) g, which were significantly lower than the tumor weight (2. 08 +/- 0.52) cm3 and (2.67 +/- 0.47) g in the control group (P < 0. 01). Apoptosis was observed in the tumors of Ad-TFPI-2 treated group. The PCNA index in Ad-TFPI-2 group was (54.9% +/- 12.4%), which was obviously lower than that (75.8% +/- 11.2%)in control group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Peritumor injection of Ad-TFPI-2 can inhibit the growth of laryngeal squamous carcinoma in nude mouse model.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Animals , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Pathology , Genetic Vectors , Glycoproteins , Genetics , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Transfection
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255146

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical effect of improved laparoscopic Vechitti procedure for constructing a functioning vagina.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>By using the method of raising vestibular mucosa, 18 patients with congenital absence of vagina and uterus underwent surgery in our hospital. No cave was made between bladder and rectum. The procedure involved puncturing the vulvar vestibulum pit with an epidural paracentetic needle or specially-made needle into abdominal cavity through rectovesical interspace, two drag-lines was introduced through anterior abdominal wall, using the line to tie a clothes button of 2.0-2.5 cm diameter to the vulva, rasing the lines day by day, the vestibule go upward along with the button, then the vagina was formed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After the procedures, the artificial vagina of all 18 patients could hold a speculum and the mucosa appeared soft and smooth with normal lubrication. The vulvar tissues appeared uninjured and normal in all cases. The married patients were satisfactory to the intercourse. One case of vagino-rectal fistula was observed in a patient after she rode a bicycle with the vaginal mould.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The improved laparoscopic Vechitti procedure for constructing a functioning vagina has less trauma than conventional operation and is easy to operate. Therefore, the new improved procedure is a preferred way in constructing vagina for treating those patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Methods , Humans , Laparoscopy , Methods , Patient Satisfaction , Treatment Outcome , Vagina , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253997

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate correlation of expressions of membrane-type 1, 2, and 3 matrix metalloproteinases (MT1, MT2, and MT3-MMP) to the invasion and metastases in laryngeal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to examine the mRNA level of MT1, MT2, and MT3-MMP in 24 patients with laryngeal cancer. The relationships of these three MT-MMP expressions to clinicopathology were analyzed by statistics.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expressions of MT1, MT2, and MT3-MMP were significantly higher in laryngeal cancer tissues than those in para-tumorous tissues (P < 0.01) and had a close relationship with invasive depth (P < 0.05). But no significantly different expressions of these three MT-MMPs were found in different primary location and different histological grade of laryngeal cancer (P > 0.05). The expression of MT1-MMP was obviously higher in patients with metastatic lymph nodes than that in patients without metastatic lymph nodes (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MT1, MT2, and MT3-MMP play an important role in the progression of laryngeal cancer, and MT1-MMP may serve as a reliable marker in estimating invasive and metastatic potency of laryngeal cancer. Suppressing expressions of MT1, MT2, and MT3-MMP early may inhibit the invasion and metastases of laryngeal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Larynx , Metabolism , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 16 , Matrix Metalloproteinases, Membrane-Associated , Metalloendopeptidases , Genetics , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness , RNA, Messenger
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