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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 246-254, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927600

ABSTRACT

Steroid receptor coactivators (SRCs) significantly increase the transcriptional activity of various steroid hormone receptors, and play an important regulatory role in a variety of physiological functions such as food intake, sleep, stress response and reproduction. Previous studies have found that pregnant mice carrying fetuses with SRC1/2 double-knockout (dKO) manifested delayed labor, partly due to the hypoplasia of fetal lungs and the decreased secretion of pulmonary surfactant protein-A (SP-A) and platelet activating factor (PAF). However, there is still a lack of systematic analysis of the changes in gene expression at the whole transcriptome level in the fetal lungs of SRC1/2 dKO mice. In this study, the SRC1KO, SRC2KO, SRC1/2 dKO and wild-type (WT) mouse fetal lung samples were collected at 18.5 days post coitus. The Illumina platform was employed for transcriptome mRNA sequencing, and then the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were annotated and analyzed by GO and KEGG analysis. The results showed that the proportion of quality score of the sequencing data above Q30 in all samples was more than 92% and passed the quality control. Compared with WT fetal lungs, SRC1KO and SRC2KO fetal lungs had 61 and 32 DEGs, respectively; SRC1/2 dKO fetal lungs had 480, 11 and 901 DEGs compared with WT, SRC1KO and SRC2KO fetal lungs, respectively. Among these genes, Aspg, Crispld2, Eln, Ntsr2, Slc10a6 and Vgll3 were the unique DEGs of SRC1/2 dKO fetal lungs compared with other genotype mice. Real-time PCR and Western blotting verified the reliability of transcriptome sequencing results. The GO analysis of the DEGs between SRC1/2 dKO and WT mouse fetal lungs showed that the DEGs were significantly enriched in the extracellular space, extracellular region, and extracellular matrix in terms of cellular component. In the biological process, they were significantly enriched in the term of development of multiple organs. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the DEGs were mainly enriched in signaling pathways such as the complement system, extracellular matrix-receptor interactions, and protein digestion and absorption. In summary, this study comprehensively revealed the changes of gene expression in the fetal lungs of SRC1/2 dKO mice at the transcriptome level, which provides a new theoretical basis for the study of the developmental regulatory mechanism of the fetal lung during pregnancy, and the fetus-derived signals that affect the initiation of labor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Gene Expression Profiling , Lung/physiology , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Pregnancy , Reproducibility of Results , Transcriptome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787705

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between exposure to famine in fetus and infant period and the risks for hypertension in adulthood. A total of 5 960 participants born between 1956 and 1965 were included in the study and were divided into unexposed group (1963-1965), fetal exposed group (1959-1961), early- childhood exposed group (1956-1958) and transitional group (1962). Logistic regression model was used to explore the association between famine exposure in early life and the risk for hypertension in adulthood. Both the fetal exposure and the early-childhood exposure were the risk factors for hypertension in adulthood (=1.249, 95: 1.049-1.486 and =1.360, 95: 1.102-1.679). Meanwhile, in rural area, compared with unexposed group, the fetal exposure (=1.401, 95: 1.091-1.798) and the early-childhood exposure (=1.460, 95: 1.145-1.862) were also associated with a greater risk of hypertension in adulthood. In addition, fetal exposure and early-childhood exposure to famine in women were associated with 36.0 and 31.9 increased risks for hypertension (95: 7.8-71.7 and 95: 4.8-66.0) according to the stratified analysis. Fetal exposure to famine might increase the risk for hypertension in adulthood.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296571

ABSTRACT

Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in patients with diabetes, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) is a better predictor of CVDs than low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients with diabetes. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the distribution of non-HDL-C and the prevalence of high non-HDL-C level in Chinese patients with diabetes mellitus and identify the associated risk factors. Non-HDL-C concentration positively correlated with total cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL-C concentrations. Although both non-HDL-C and LDL-C concentration both related positively with TC concentration, the magnitude of correlation was relatively higher for non-HDL-C. The prevalence of high non-HDL-C (⋝4.14 mmol/L) was higher in two age groups (55-64 years: 46.7%; 65-79 years: 47.3%) than other age groups (18-24 years: 4.2%; 25-34 years: 43.6%; 35-44 years: 38.1%; 45-54 years: 41.0%). It was also higher among overweight (45.1%), generally obese (50.9%), or abdominally obese (47.3%) subjects, compared with normal weight subjects (34.5%). The risk of high non-HDL-C increased with advancing age. Both general obesity [odds ratio (OR)=1.488, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.003-2.209] and abdominal obesity (OR=1.561, 95% CI: 1.101-2.214) were significantly associated with high non-HDL-C levels.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypercholesterolemia , Epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Young Adult
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636523

ABSTRACT

This study is designed to evaluate antioxidant and antigenotoxic activities of corn tassel extracts (CTTs). The major bioactive components of CTTs include flavonoid, saponin and polysaccharide. The antioxidant properties of the three bioactive components of CTTs were investigated by Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Property (FRAP) and 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assays. The activities of the extracts were determined by assessing the inhibition of mutagenicity of the direct-acting mutagen fenaminosulf, sodium azide, and indirect-acting mutagen 2-aminofluorene using the Ames test (strains TA98 and TA100). The results showed that the extraction rates of flavonoid, saponin, and polysaccharide from the dried corn tassels were 1.67%, 2.41% and 4.76% respectively. DPPH and FRAP assay strongly demonstrated that CTTs had antioxidant properties. CTTs at doses of 625, 1250 and 2500 μg per plate reduced 2-aminofluorene mutagenicity by 12.52%, 28.76% and 36.49% in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 strain assay respectively and by 10.98%, 25.27% and 37.83%, at the same doses in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 assay system, respectively. 3-[4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay showed that the different concentrations of CTTs inhibited the proliferation of MGC80-3 cells in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). It is concluded that these integrated approaches to antioxidant and antigenotoxicity assessment may be useful to study corn tassel as a natural herbal material.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351110

ABSTRACT

This study is designed to evaluate antioxidant and antigenotoxic activities of corn tassel extracts (CTTs). The major bioactive components of CTTs include flavonoid, saponin and polysaccharide. The antioxidant properties of the three bioactive components of CTTs were investigated by Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Property (FRAP) and 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assays. The activities of the extracts were determined by assessing the inhibition of mutagenicity of the direct-acting mutagen fenaminosulf, sodium azide, and indirect-acting mutagen 2-aminofluorene using the Ames test (strains TA98 and TA100). The results showed that the extraction rates of flavonoid, saponin, and polysaccharide from the dried corn tassels were 1.67%, 2.41% and 4.76% respectively. DPPH and FRAP assay strongly demonstrated that CTTs had antioxidant properties. CTTs at doses of 625, 1250 and 2500 μg per plate reduced 2-aminofluorene mutagenicity by 12.52%, 28.76% and 36.49% in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 strain assay respectively and by 10.98%, 25.27% and 37.83%, at the same doses in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 assay system, respectively. 3-[4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay showed that the different concentrations of CTTs inhibited the proliferation of MGC80-3 cells in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). It is concluded that these integrated approaches to antioxidant and antigenotoxicity assessment may be useful to study corn tassel as a natural herbal material.


Subject(s)
Antimutagenic Agents , Pharmacology , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Biphenyl Compounds , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Fluorenes , Pharmacology , Free Radical Scavengers , Pharmacology , Humans , Inflorescence , Chemistry , Mutagens , Pharmacology , Picrates , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Salmonella typhimurium , Genetics , Saponins , Pharmacology , Zea mays , Chemistry
6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 440-442, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642962

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence, common clinical symptoms and complications, transmission routes and media of brucellosis among human in the city of Songyuan in Jilin province, and to provide practical basis for brucellosis intervention and related control measures. Methods Use self-designed questionnaire to collect information from outpatients in brucellosis clinic in Songyuan Center for Disease Control and Prevention from January to June 2009, and to analyze the related data from the survey: prevalence, time and geographical distribution, clinical symptom, transmission route and media. Results Of the total 620 cases investigated, there were 284 patients accounting for 45.8% (284/620), 75 suspected patients accounting for 12.1% (75/620), 13stealth patients accounting for 2.1% (13/620) and 248 negative people accounting for 40.0% (248/640). Main common symptoms of the patients were fever[66.5%( 189/284)], muscle and joint pain[38.7%( 110/284)],fatigue[27.5%(78/284)], hyperhidrosis[25.0%(71/284)]and low back pain[17.3%(49/284)]. The patients group had a significantly higher prevalence of mucocutaneous infection, contacting infected animal abortion flow,fur, soil, faeces and dust than the uninfected group(χ2 value were 27.12, 22.75, 8.90, 6.65, 6.39, 6.39, all P< 0.01 or < 0.05). Conclusions The positive rate of brucellosis in the brucellosis clinic of Songyuan city is high,and patients have typical symptoms. We should take comprehensive control measures to protect the high-risk group and reduce the local infectivety.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1265-1268, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321073

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the genetic association between brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene polymorphism and internalizing disorders, to provide the theoretical basis to explore the etiology of internalizing disorders.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PCR-based ligase detection reaction (PCR-LDR) was applied to tag single nucleotide lengh polymorphism (SNPs) of BDNF gene among 259 undergraduates affected by internalizing disorders and 269 healthy undergraduates. Haplotype analysis and multiple locus analysis were conducted to analyze the genotyping data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The genotypic frequency of tag SNPs of BDNF gene did not deviate from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in both case and control groups. Rs12273539 was not associated with internalizing disorders (P > 0.05), but rs10835210 and rs2030324 were related to internalizing disorders (P < 0.05). The case group had more A allele of rs10835210 and C allele of rs2030324 when compared to the controls while A allele of rs10835210 and C allele of rs2030324 seemed to be the risk factors of internalizing disorder (OR = 1.877, P < 0.001; OR = 1.347, P < 0.05). Results of multiple locus analysis showed that the haplotype composed by the three tag SNPs which was related to internalizing disorders (chi(2) = 23.537, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BDNF gene might serve as the susceptible gene for internalizing disorder.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Alleles , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Haplotypes , Humans , Male , Mental Disorders , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Factors , Young Adult
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 173-176, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287846

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the genetic association between the polymorphism of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) family genes and schizophrenia in the North Han Chinese.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Method of polymerase chain reaction-based ligase detection reaction (PCR-LDR) was applied to genotype 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of cPLA2 family genes among 201 pedigrees consisting of fathers, mothers and affected offsprings with schizophrenia. Haplotype relative risk (HRR) test, transmission disequilibrium test (TDT), haplotype transmission analysis and multiple locus analysis were conducted to analyze the genotyping data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The genotypic frequency of cPLA2 gene did not deviate from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in both case and control groups. HRR and TDT showed that the 10 SNPs were not associated with schizophrenia (P > 0.05). Analysis for haplotype transmission showed that no haplotype systems was associated with schizophrenia (P > 0.05). Results from COA and COG tests showed a disease association for the rs2162886-rs1668589, rs891014-rs1668589 and rs2307279-rs7542180 combinations (chi2 = 6.913, P = 0.032; chi2 = 8.393, P = 0.015; chi2 = 8.447, P = 0.038).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Many loci in the cPLA2 family genes were associated with schizophrenic.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Asians , Genetics , China , Epidemiology , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Genotype , Haplotypes , Genetics , Humans , Male , Phospholipases A2, Cytosolic , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Schizophrenia , Epidemiology , Genetics , Young Adult
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249888

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To reconfirm the association of KPNB3 with schizophrenia in Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs2588014 and rs626716 at the KPNB3 locus, were genotyped in 304 Chinese Han family trios consisting of fathers, mothers, and affected offsprings with schizophrenia. These 2 SNPs were detected by PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for genotypic distributions was estimated by the goodness-of-fit test. The UNPHASED program was used to perform transmission disequilibrium test (TDT), haplotype analysis, and pair-wise measure of linkage disequilibrium (LD) between these 2 SNPs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The genotypic distributions of both rs2588014 and rs626716 were in the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P > 0.05). The TDT revealed allelic association with rs626716 (chi2 = 9.31, P = 0.0023) but not with rs2588014 (chi2 = 3.44, P = 0.064). The global P-value was 0.0099 for 100 permutations. The haplotype analysis also showed a disease association (chi2 = 25.97, df = 3, P = 0.0000097).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The present study provides further evidence in support of the KPNB3 association with schizophrenia in Chinese population.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Epidemiology , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Schizophrenia , Epidemiology , Genetics , beta Karyopherins , Genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685527

ABSTRACT

Plant transgenic system secures a safe,economical and reliable supply of recombinant proteins.Plant oilbody expression system simplifies the downstream purification steps and reduces capital investment based on the nature of oleosin including high expression and easy extraction.The structures and characteristics of seed oil body and oleosin were reviewed.And the research progress and industry of the seed oil body expression system,as a new bioreactor,to produce valuable recombinant proteins were discussed.The benefits and questions of the oil body expression system were also set forth.New medicine haFGF based on the oilbody system is being developed,and its biological activity is being analyzed.As a new resource for medicine protein,oilbody expression system will be perfected and applied broadly.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate a genetic association for schizophrenia within chromosome 22q11 in a Chinese Han population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis was used to detect three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs165655 (A/G base change) and rs165815 (C/T base change) present in the ARVCF (armadillo repeat gene deletion in velocardiofacial syndrome) locus, and rs756656 (A/C base change) in the LOC128979 (expressed sequence tags, EST) locus, among 100 Chinese family trios consisting of fathers, mothers and affected offspring with schizophrenia. Genotype data were analyzed by using linkage disequilibrium (LD) methods including haplotype relative risk (HRR) analysis, transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) and haplotype transmission analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The genotype frequency distributions of three SNPs were all in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P>0.05). Both the HRR and the TDT analysis showed that rs165815 was associated with schizophrenia (chi2=6.447, df=1, P=0.011 and chi2=6.313, df=1, P=0.012, respectively), whereas the other two SNPs did not show any allelic association. The haplotype transmission analysis showed a biased transmission for the rs165655-rs165815 haplotype system (chi2=17.224, df=3, P=0.0006) and for the rs756656-rs165655-rs165815 hapoltype system (chi2=20.965, df=7, P=0.0038).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Either the ARVCF gene itself or a nearby locus may confer susceptibility to schizophrenia in a Chinese Han population.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Armadillo Domain Proteins , Catechol O-Methyltransferase , Genetics , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Genetics , China , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Genetics , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Haplotypes , Humans , Male , Phosphoproteins , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Schizophrenia , Genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 787-790, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247474

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the genetic association for schizophrenia within the long arm region 1 band 1 of chromosome 22 (22q11) in a Han Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis was used to detect three single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs), rs165655 (A/G base change) and rs165815 (C/T base change) present in the ARVCF (armadillo repeat gene deletion in velocardiofacial syndrome) locus, and rs756656 (A/C base change) in the LOC128979 (expressed sequence tags, EST) locus, among 100 nuclear families composed of fathers, mothers and affected offspring with schizophrenia. Genotyping data were analyzed by linkage disequilibrium methods including haplotype relative risk (HRR) analysis, transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) and haplotype transmission analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The genotype frequency distributions of three SNPs were all in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium; Both HRR and TDT analysis showed that rs165815 was associated with schizophrenia (P < 0.05), whereas the other two SNPs did not show any allelic association. The haplotype transmission analysis showed a biased transmission for the rs165655-rs165815 haplotype system and for the rs756656-rs165655-rs165815 haplotype system (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Either ARVCF gene itself or a nearby locus might confer susceptibility to schizophrenia in a Han Chinese population.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Genetics , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Haplotypes , Humans , Linkage Disequilibrium , Genetics , Male , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Schizophrenia , Genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 815-818, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348787

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The genomic region of the human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is located in the short arm of chromosome 6 (6p). Linkage studies have shown that the 6p region may contain a gene for schizophrenia, the MHC region has thus become particularly important in searching for the schizophrenia susceptibility gene. The present study was designed to investigate the genetic association of DRB3 and DRB1 genes with psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis was applied to genotype two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in the DRB3 locus and in the DRB1 one in 116 Chinese Han family trios consisting of fathers, mothers and affected offspring with schizophrenia. Chi-square (chi(2)) test and haplotype-based relative risk (HRR) analysis were used on genotyping data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Data on HRR analysis did not show a genetic association either between the DRB3 locus and schizophrenia or between the DRB1 locus and the illness. However, the SNP rs707954, a G to T base change, present in the DRB1 locus showed strong association with idea of reference (chi(2) = 5.484, df = 1, P = 0.019), while the genotype of rs707954 showed an association with idea of reference (chi(2) = 6.771, df = 2, P = 0.034) as will as with apathy (chi(2) = 12.110, df = 4, P = 0.017).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DRB1 locus seemed likely to be associated with psychotic symptoms as idea of reference and apathy. Further studies were necessary to reveal the relations between DRB1 gene or nearby locus with its susceptibility to schizophrenia.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromosome Mapping , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , HLA-DRB3 Chains , Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Schizophrenia , Genetics
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