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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906512


Objective:To explore the effect of Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus medicine on the proliferation and autophagy levels of aortic plaque vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice with atherosclerosis (AS). Method:A total of 40 ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice were fed with high-fat diet to replicate AS animal models. They were randomly divided into model group, Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus group, rapamycin group and atorvastatin group, and 10 mice with normal diet C57BL/6J mice were the blank group. The blank group and the model groups were given normal saline by gavage, while Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus group, rapamycin group and atorvastatin group were given corresponding drugs by gavage for 8 weeks. After the experiment, the mice were sacrificed. Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were detected by the Microplate reader, the ratio of the aortic plaque area to the total area was observed and measured by staining with aortic gross oil red O. Western blot method was used to detect the proliferation-related protein proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and <italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle actin (<italic>α</italic>-SMA) levels of VSMCs in the aortic media. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the autophagosomes of VSMCs and detect the expressions of VSMCs autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1, light chain proteinⅡ (LC3Ⅱ) and p62. Result:Compared with the model group, the Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus group showed significant reduction in the aortic lipid accumulation and plaque area of AS mice and the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increase of HDL-C (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus significantly reduced the levels of proliferation-related antigens PCNA and <italic>α</italic>-SMA in aortic VSMCs (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and inhibited the excessive proliferation of VSMCs. Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus significantly up-regulated Beclin-1 and LC3Ⅱ in aortic VSMCs protein expression, decreased p62 accumulation (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased the expressions of VSMCs autophagosomes, and increased the autophagy level of VSMCs. Conclusion:Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus regulates blood lipid levels in AS mice, and inhibits the excessive proliferation of aortic VSMCs and plaque formation in the aorta of AS mice. The mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of the autophagy activity of VSMCs.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909582


OBJECTIVE Atherosclerosis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the accumulation of lipids, vascular fibrosis, and inflammation. Paeonol (Pae) is a natural phenolic compounds isolated from a traditional Chinese medicine, Cortex Moutan, which exhibits anti-AS effects. Our previous work demonstrated that gut microbiota plays an important role during AS treatment as it affects the efficacy of Pae. However, the mechanism of Pae in protect?ing against vascular fibrosis as related to gut microbiota has yet to be elucidated. To investigate the anti-fibrosis effect of Pae on AS mice and demonstrate the underlying gut microbiota-dependent mechanism. METHODS ApoE-/- mice were fed with high-fat-diet (HFD) to replicate the AS model. HE and Masson staining were used to observe the plaque forma?tion and collagen deposition. Gut microbiota alteration and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production were analyzed through 16S rRNA sequencing and LC-MS/MS. The frequency of immune cells in spleen were phenotyped by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression of aortic inflammatory cytokines were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein expression of LOX and fibrosis related indicators were examined by Western blotting. RESULTS Pae restricted the development of AS and collagen deposition. Notably, the anti-fibrosis effect of Pae was achieved by regulating the gut microbiota. 16S rRNA sequencing and LC-MS/MS data indicated that the relative abundance of SCFAs-producing bacteria and SCFAs production was increased. Additionally, Pae administration selectively up-regulated the frequency of regulatory T (Treg) cells as well as down-regulated the ratio of T helper type 17 (Th17) cells in the spleen of AS mice, improving the Treg/Th17 balance. In addition, as expected, Pae intervention significantly down-regulate the mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-αand IL-17 in the aorta tissue, up-regulate the levels of anti-inflammatory factor IL-10, a marker of Treg cells. Finally, Pae's intervention in the gut microbiota resulted in the restoration of the balance of Treg/Th17, which indirectly down-regulated the protein expression level of LOX and fibrosis-related indicators (MMP-2/9 and collagenⅠ/Ⅲ). CONCLUSION Pae attenuates vascular fibrosis in a gut microbiota-dependent manner. The under?lying protective mechanism is associated with the improved Treg/Th17 balance in spleen mediated through the increased microbiota-derived SCFAs production.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828042


To explore whether paeonol can play an anti-atherosclerotic role by regulating the expression of aortic caveolin-1 and affecting NF-κB pathway, so as to inhibit the inflammatory response of vascular endothelium in atherosclerotic rats. The atherosclerotic model of rats was induced by high-fat diet and vitamin D_2. The primary culture of vascular endothelial cells(VECs) was carried out by tissue block pre-digestion and adherent method. The injury model of VECs was induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS), and filipin, a small concave protein inhibitor, was added for control. HE staining was used to observe pathological changes of aorta. TNF-α, IL-6 and VCAM-1 were detected by ELISA. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression levels of caveolin-1 and p65 in aorta and VECs. The results showed that as compared with model group, paeonol significantly reduced aortic plaque area and lesion degree in rats, decreased the level of serum TNF-α, IL-6 and VCAM-1 in the rats and enhanced the relative expression level of caveolin-1, decreased p65 expression conversely(P<0.05 or P<0.01). In vitro, as compared to model group, paeonol obviously improved cell morphology, decreased the secretion of TNF-α, IL-6 and VCAM-1 in VECs, increased caveolin-1 expression, and decreased p65 protein expression(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, filipin could reverse the effect of paeonol on expression of inflammatory factors and proteins(P<0.05 or P<0.01). According to the results, it was found that paeonol could play the role of anti-atherosclerosis by up-regulating the expression of caveolin-1 and inhibiting the activation of NF-κB pathway to reduce vascular inflammation in atherosclerotic rats.

Acetophenones , Animals , Caveolin 1 , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium, Vascular , Inflammation , NF-kappa B , Rats , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Up-Regulation