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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predict significance of the high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH@*METHODS@#Bone marrow samples of 23 t(8;21) AML patients diagnosis and achieved complete remission in our hospital from April 2015 to June 2016 were collected, then flow cytometry method was used to detect the activity of ALDH, relationship between it and relapse was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for a median of 32 (2-52) months. The median percentage of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The percentage of CD34


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD34 , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Prognosis , Recurrence , Remission Induction
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1289-1294, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301734

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To preliminarily identify the existence of CD34leukemia stem cell (LSC) in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by in vitro test.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow samples collected from newly diagnosed t(8;21) AML patients were tested. LinCD34CD38(abbreviation, CD34CD38), LinCD34CD38(abbreviation, CD34CD38) and LinCD34CD38CD45SSC(abbreviation, CD34"LSC") cell fractions were gated by flow cytometry after staining with fluorescent antibodies. Cells in Gphase were identified through Hoechst 33342 and pyronin Y staining. Aldefluor reagent was used to test aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity. The above-mentioned 3 cell fractions were sorted, and mRNA levels of AML1-ETO and WT1 were measured by real-time quantitative PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 3 tested samples displayed the same tendency in ratio of the cells in Gphase: CD34"LSC">CD34CD38>CD34CD38. The paired t-test of 53 patients showed that frequency of ALDHcells of both CD34CD38and CD34"LSC" cell fractions was significantly higher than that of CD34CD38(P<0.01), furthermore, the ALDHcell frequency was significantly higher in CD34"LSC" than that in CD34CD38(P<0.01). AML1-ETO mRNA levels of cells sorted from 3 patients were similar among the 3 cell fractions within each patient, whereas WT1 mRNA levels were significantly higher in CD34"LSC" than that in other 2 cell fractions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CD34LSC may exist in t(8;21) AML, and may be more primitive than CD34LSC. These results promote the necessity to perform in vivo xenogeneic transplantation mice.</p>

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349706

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the transcription level of WT1 and PRAME two genes in bone marrow and peripheral blood samples of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome(MDS) and their relationship with bone marrow dysplasia and karyotype. The quantitative expression of WT1 and PRAME transcripts detected by RQ-PCR in the bone marrow samples of 203 MDS patients and 19 aplastic anemia(AA), 6 other benign anemia(BA), 4 paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH) patients from July 2009 to June 2012 and 14 healthy donors, and in 92 peripheral blood samples. The results showed that WT1 and PRAME expression levels in both BM and PB samples of MDS group were higher than those in normal controls, AA, and BA patients (BM: WT1:P = 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, PRAME: P = 0.048, 0.000, 0.064; PB: WT1:P = 0.012, 0.000, 0.011, PRAME: P = 0.020, 0.004, 0.003). What is more, this expression in high risk MDS group (RAEB1, RAEB2, MDS-AML) were higher than those in low risk group (RCUD, RCMD, MDS-U) and AA and BA. The WT1 and PRAME mRNA expression levels in PB and BM were well correlated (WT1:r = 0.6028, P = 0.001; PRAME: r = 0.7628, P = 0.000), as well as the WT1 expression levels in BM samples with the Karyotype (P = 0.049). In addition, the same positive rate of WT1 or PRAME expression existed in BM and PB samples of MDS patients. It is concluded that the WT1 and PRAME gene expression levels in both BM and PB samples of MDS patients are higher than those in healthy controls, AA and other benign anemia patients, and increase with the progression of the disease. The WT1 and PRAME transcripts constitute good molecular markers for the clinical diagnosis and prognosis and monitoring minimal residual disease after treatment of MDS. What is more, when bone marrow is not so convenient to get, the transcript levels of PB samples can be detected.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antigens, Neoplasm , Genetics , Metabolism , Bone Marrow , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Blood , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm, Residual , Diagnosis , Prognosis , RNA , Genetics , WT1 Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264960

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the characteristics of CD123 expression on CD34(+)CD19(+) cells and its prognostic significance as a novel MRD biomarker in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+)ALL) patients. Consecutive newly diagnosed Ph(+)ALL patients (n = 49) in Peking University Institute of Hematology from January 2010 to April 2012 were prospectively enrolled in this study. At diagnosis and different time points during treatment, CD123 expression on CD34(+)CD19(+) cells was examined by multiparameter flow cytometry(MFC). More than 10 CD34(+)CD19(+) cells with CD123 overexpression in bone marrow samples after complete remission were defined as FCM positive (FCM(+)). The BCR-ABL1[STBZ] transcript was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) concurrently. The results showed that mean fluorescence intensity of CD123 on CD34(+)CD19(+) cells in newly diagnosed Ph(+)ALL and relapsed Ph(+)ALL patients was significantly higher than that of normal B-cell progenitors [8.52(3.71-32.35) vs 8.93(4.79-29.74) vs 1.31(0.21-1.75), P < 0.05]. In addition, ratio of the CD34(+)CD19(+) cells with CD123 overexpression in newly diagnosed Ph(+)ALL and relapsed Ph(+)ALL patients were significantly higher than that of normal B-cell progenitors [84.63% (55.07%-99.96%) vs 84.50% (57.68%-99.80%) vs 0.99% (0.45%- 1.83%), P < 0.05]. CD34(+)CD19(+) cells with CD123 overexpression were detected in all newly diagnosed and relapsed Ph(+)ALL patients. A good correlation was found between the MRD results of CD34(+)CD19(+) cells with CD123 overexpression detected by MFC and that detected by RQ-PCR (n = 360 pairs, Spearman r = 0.90, P < 0.0001). Among 13 cases relapsed during follow up, 11 cases of them were detected by FCM(+) at a median time of 60 (30-73) days before the recurrence. It is concluded that as a complementary to RQ-PCR, detection of the CD34(+)CD19(+) cells with CD123 overexpression by MFC promises to be an efficient tool for MRD assessment and risk stratification in human Ph(+)ALL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , B-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Prognosis , Young Adult
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 98-103, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323435

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the immunophenotypic and clinical characteristics between NPM1 mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (NPM1m(+)AML) and unmutated AML(NPM1m(-)AML) not otherwise characterized (NOS) under similar FAB subtypes constituent ratio.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunophenotyping and NPM1 gene mutation type-A, B and D and other leukemic related fusion genes were detected by multiparameter flow cytometry and real time RT-PCR or PCR, respectively. 104 AML patients with NPM1m(+)AML and performed immunophenotyping assay were included, 97 with NPM1m(-)AML.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were significant difference between the two groups at presentation in terms of sex, white blood count(WBC), platelet counts (PLT), blast ratio, normal karyotype ratio, WT1 expression level, FLT3-ITD mutation positive rate and remission rate of first course of induction therapy (P < 0.05). On the immunophenotype, the expression of early differentiation antigens (CD34, HLA-DR, CD117, CD38), lymphocytic antigens (CD7, CD4, CD19, CD2), myeloid and monocytic differentiation-associated antigens (CD13, CD14, CD15) were lower, and that of CD33 as well as CD123 were higher in NPM1m(+)AML patients. Among them, only CD34, HLA-DR, CD7, and CD4 positive cases were significantly lower in NPM1m(+)AML group than in NPM1m(-)AML group (P < 0.05), the rest of them had significant difference in the number of positive cells (P < 0.05). Above features were further analyzed between the M1/M2 and M4/M5 subgroups. M1/M2 cases retained the women prominent and had a higher WT1 expression level (P < 0.05). The expression of monocytic differentiation-associated antigens including HLA-DR and lymphocytic antigens were higher and that of CD117 were lower in M4/M5 subtype (P < 0.05). Among them, the positive rates of HLA-DR, CD64, CD11b, CD10, CD15, and CD4 were significantly higher in M4/M5 than in M1/M2 in NPM1m(+)AML group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The most clinical characteristics in NPM1m(+)AML patients are consistent with reports, but some immunophenotype are different to the previous reports under similar FAB subtypes constituent ratio. The major immunophenotypic features of NPM1m(+)AML patients are lower expression of progenitor, myeloid and lymphoid lineage antigens. Monocytic differentiation-associated antigens are only higher expression in M4/M5 cases when comparison with M1/M2 cases within NPM1m(+)AML group.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , HLA-DR Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Young Adult
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 104-108, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323434

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the comparability of bcr-abl (P210) transcript levels detected in different hospitals.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten hospitals in China took part in the four times of sample exchange and comparisons from April, 2010 to August, 2011. The exchange samples were prepared by Peking University People's Hospital. Firstly, the BCR-ABL (P210)(+) cells from a newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia patient were 10-fold serially diluted by BCR-ABL (P210)(-) cells and they covered 4 magnitudes. Then, TRIzol reagents were thoroughly mixed with cells in each tube. Every 12 samples (three samples per magnitude) were sent to the other 9 hospitals. The cell number of each sample was 8×10(6). The detection of bcr-abl transcript levels by real-time quantitative PCR were performed in every hospital according to their own protocols. Conversion factors (CF) were calculated using regression equation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Differences in bcr-abl transcript levels did exist among results of 10 hospitals in each comparison. In general, the results of the most of hospitals were in line with the dilutions of cells. CF of every hospital fluctuated. Three hospitals had relatively stable CF, and their ranges were 2.8 - 5.2, 1.2 - 2.8 and 2.2 - 6.8, respectively; two hospitals had unstable CF with ranges 0.76 - 7.0 and 2.1 - 18.7; three hospitals couldn't be calculated CF one or two times because of the significant deviation of the results from the actually bcr-abl transcript levels, and their ranges of CF which could be calculated were 1.9 - 19.2, 3.6 - 7.6 and 0.18 - 14.7; One hospital only had two CF (3.3 and 5.0) because of the replacement of an important reagent during the period of comparisons.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Comparability of bcr-abl (P210) transcript levels between different hospitals could be achieved through CF which acquired by sample exchange and comparison. The stable and reliable detection system is the premise to acquire correct CF.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , China , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Hospitals , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Diagnosis , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1385-1389, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265008

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to compare the immunophenotypic and clinical characteristics of NPM1 mutated acute myeloid leukemia with a normal karyotype under the similar constituent ratio of FAB subtypes. Immunophenotyping and NPM1 gene mutation type-A,B and D and other leukemic related fusion genes were detected by multiparameter flow cytometry and real time RT-PCR or PCR, respectively. 77 AML patients with a normal karyotype (NK) and mutated NPM1 gene (NPM1m(+)AML) detected by immunophenotyping assay were included in this study. 55 cases without NPM1 mutation (NPM1m(-)AML) and with normal karyotype were served as negative control. The results showed that there was significant difference between NPM1m(+)AML and NPM1m(-)AML in terms of sex, white blood count, platelet counts, blast, WT1 expression level, FLT3-ITD mutation positive rate and response to treatment. The characteristic immunophenotype is lower expression of early differentiation-associated antigens (CD34, HLA-DR, CD117, CD38), lymphocytic antigens (CD7, CD4, CD19, CD2) and higher expression of CD33 and CD123 (P < 0.05). When above features was further analyzed between the M1/2 and M4/5 subgroups in NPM1m(+)AML patients, the M1/2 cases retained a higher frequency in women and a higher WT1 expression level (P < 0.05) . Monocytic differentiation-associated antigens including HLA-DR and lymphocytic antigens CD7 were higher expressed and CD117 was lower expressed in M4/5 subgroup (P < 0.05). It is concluded that under condition of similar constituent ratio of M1/2 and M4/5 subtype and normal karyotype, NPM1m(+)AML patients have higher WT1 expression level and better response to treatment. The major immunophenotype features of NPM1m(+)AML patients are lower expression of early differentiation antigens and lymphoid lineage antigens and higher expression of CD33 and CD123. Monocytic differentiation-associated antigens only higher are expressed in M4/5 cases when compared with M1/2 cases within NPM1m(+) AML patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Young Adult
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284017

ABSTRACT

The early molecular kinetics during all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plus arsenic-based induction therapy and its prognostic value for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) remain unclear. This study was purposed to investigate the molecular and cytogenetic kinetics and its clinical significance in treatment of APL with ATRA plus arsenic-based induction. The molecular and cytogenetic kinetics was assessed by real-time quantitative RT-PCR and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 32 newly diagnosed APL patients. The results showed that the median PML-RARα transcript levels (PML-RARα/ABL) were very significantly up-regulated at 14 days of induction therapy compared with that of pre-treatment (40.10% vs 57.74%, P < 0.01), and then decreased at 28 days of induction therapy and at the end of consolidation therapy (6.97% and 0%), respectively. The total of 65.62% and 31.25% patients showed up-regulation of PML-RARα transcript at 14 and 28 days after induction, as compared with pretreatment. The PML-RARα copies per APL cell before treatment, and at 14 and 28 days after induction were calculated as 0.9, 2.2, 1.4 by the formula of PML-RARA/ABL(%)×2/APL cells (%). With the median follow-up time of 22 months, 32 patients were still in continuous clinical remission and no molecular relapse occurred. Up-regulation of PML-RARa expression during the induction had no effect on outcomes of APL patients. It is concluded that up-regulation of PML-RARa expression is a common event during induction therapy with ATRA plus arsenics. Up-regulation of PML-RARa expression during induction therapy hasn't influenced the long-term prognosis of APL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Arsenicals , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Metabolism , Prognosis , Tretinoin , Up-Regulation , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331014

ABSTRACT

This article aimed to report two cases of Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia with concurrent t(8;14) and t(14;18). Morphology, immunophenotype, cytogenetics and molecular biology (MICM) methods were applied to diagnosis. The results showed that the two cases were both acute lymphocytic leukemia L3 type according to FAB criteria. Conventional cytogenetic technique or interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) demonstrated that t(8;14) and t(14;18) were detected concurrently in both patients. CD20, CD10, FMC7, CD38 and CD19 were expressed in both patients by immunophenotyping. According to MICM, they were both diagnosed as Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia. The first patient died in one month after chemotherapy, and the second patient survived 19 months after rituximab- combined high-dose chemotherapy and subsequently allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In conclusion, t(8;14) and t(14;18) may present simultaneously in Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia and indicate poor prognosis. Rituximab-combined chemotherapy and subsequently HSCT could improve the outcomes of such cases.


Subject(s)
Burkitt Lymphoma , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Genetics , Female , Humans , Lymphoma , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Translocation, Genetic
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345956

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the pregnancy outcome among patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data associated with pregnancy, delivery and neonate from the patients or patient's spouse who conceived while receiving TKIs were collected retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two young female patients (who had been on imatinib therapy for 90 and 91 months, respectively) and spouses of 10 male patients (involving 7 patients who had received imatinib for a median of 60 months and 3 who had received dasatinib for 2.5 months to 7 months, respectively) with median age of 33.5 years (range 26 - 46 years) conceived and gave birth to 12 babies. One woman took imatinib throughout her pregnancy except one month. The other one took imatinib throughout her pregnancy and had breast-fed while on imatinib therapy for nearly half a year postpartum. Among the 12 babies, one was born prematurely with low birth weight and hypospadias (surgical repair after birth), the others were all healthy with no congenital defects. The median age of the children at the date of this report is 17.5 months (range 3 to 101 months), and they all have a normal pattern of growth and development.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Conception among patients with CML while receiving TKIs may result in normal pregnancies. The possible effects of TKIs on birth abnormalities cannot be ruled out. It is recommended that childbearing female patients should be advised to practice adequate methods of contraception and should not breast-feed while on TKIs therapy. In cases of accidental pregnancy, risk/benefit evaluations must be carried out carefully on an individual basis. No special precautions apply for male patients being treated with imatinib.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Benzamides , Dasatinib , Female , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Infant , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Pyrimidines , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Thiazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 123-126, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345925

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluated the impact of baseline ABL kinase domain point mutations on responses to nilotinib in imatinib-resistant or-intolerant patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>34 CML patients after imatinib failure or intolerance received oral administration of 400 mg nilotinib twice daily. The median follow-up duration of nilotinib therapy was 14 (1.5-50) months. ABL kinase domain point mutations were detected from bone marrow of CML patients at baseline and once every 6 months before and after nilotinib therapy. Hematologic, cytogenetic, molecular response and progression were evaluated respectively at the same time.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 34 patients, 13 were in chronic phase (CP), 11 were in accelerated phase (AP), 10 were in blastic crisis (BC). Major cytogenetic response (MCyR) was achieved in 70% of patients with CP, 30% of patients with AP and BC (P = 0.027). Complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) was achieved in 70% of patients with CP and 20% of patients with AP and BP, respectively (P = 0.005). The 4-year progressive free survival of patients with CP and AP was (81.8 +/- 11.6)% and (20.5 +/- 12.9)%, respectively (P < 0.01). The cases of ABL kinase domain point mutations at baseline was 17 (50%). CHR was achieved in 56%, MCyR in 43%, CCyR in 37%, MMR in 31% of patients with baseline mutations versus 59% (P > 0.05), 53% (P > 0.05), 41% (P > 0.05), 18% (P > 0.05), respectively, of patients without baseline mutations. The CHR, MCyR, CCyR and MMR in patients who harbored mutations with high sensitivity to nilotinib in vitro (IC50 < or = 150 nmol/L) or mutations with unknown nilotinib sensitivity in vitro were equivalent to those responses in patients without mutations. Patients with mutations less sensitive to nilotinib in vitro (IC50 > 150 nmol/L, Y253H, F359V/C, T315I) achieved 17% of CHR and MCyR, none of them (6 cases) achieved CCyR, and 6 cases had disease progression within 24 mouth after treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Nilotinib is a more effective option for imatinib-resistant or-intolerant CML patients. Response for patients with CP was better than patients with AP and BC. Mutational status at baseline may influence response. Less sensitive mutations may be associated with less favorable responses to nilotinib.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Benzamides , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Piperazines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Point Mutation , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Genetics , Pyrimidines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1293-1296, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278387

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the characteristics of 11 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) accompanying with karyotype t(6;9). The laboratorial and clinical data were analyzed retrospectively, including immunophenotype analysis and result analysis of real-time quantitative PCR detection. The results showed that a high prevalence of M2 was observed. Among 11 cases, 6 of M2, 2 of M4, 2 of M5 and 1 of MDS-RAEBT were found according to FAB criteria. Ten patients had high counts of peripheral white blood cells. Bone marrow dysplasia was seen in only 2 cases, and basophilia occurred in 4 cases. Six patients carried additional cytogenetic aberrations apart from t(6;9). Immunophenotypic analysis showed that all patients were positive for CD117, CD33, CD13, HLA-DR, CD38 and CD123. No NPM1 mutation was observed in all patients and a high level of WT1 was detected in all patients (7/7), out of 7 patients FLT3-ITD mutation was detected in only 3 patients. Follow-up details were available for 7 patients, one of whom died before chemotherapy, and the remaining 6 patients all had no response to IA or DA regimen. Among the 6 patients, 3 did not response to subsequently chemotherapy and all died from infections in a short period after diagnosis, the other 3 patients achieved a complete remission after alternative chemotherapy, but 2 relapsed in a short time and died. It is concluded that AML with cytogenetic aberration of t(6,9) is a distinct disease with a very poor prognosis. The first line chemotherapy such as IA or DA regimen is not effective to such patients, and the effective treatment needs further study.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Genetics , Female , Humans , Karyotype , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic , Young Adult
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 536-540, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278381

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of the Wilms' tumor 1 (WT1) mRNA in childhood myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and to evaluate WT1 as a tool to differentiate MDS from aplastic anemia(AA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The quantitative expression of WT1 transcript by using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) was performed in the bone marrow samples of 36 childhood MDS and 49 childhood AA, the samples were collected from September 2008 to December 2011.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The positive rate of WT1 in severe AA (SAA) was 0, 14.3% in chronic AA (CAA), 58.6% in refractory cytopenia (RC), 100% in refractory anemia with excessive blast (RAEB) and 97.5% in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The mean level of WT1 in SAA, CAA, RC, RAEB and AML was 0.041%, 0.357%, 7.037%, 12.680% and 24.210%, respectively. The positive rate of WT1 in RC patients was higher than that of SAA (P = 0.000) and CAA (P = 0.001). (2) The positive rate of WT1 in patients with hypoplastic MDS was 66.7% and was higher than that of SAA (P = 0.000) and CAA (P = 0.001). The mean level of WT1 in patients with hypoplastic MDS was (3.022 ± 5.040)% and higher than that of SAA \[(0.041 ± 0.047)%, P = 0.000\] and CAA\[(0.351 ± 0.479)%, P = 0.002\].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The level of WT1 in childhood MDS was higher than that of childhood AA. The degree of WT1 expression in MDS increased during disease progression. WT1 is a useful tool for differentiating the childhood hypoplastic MDS from AA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , WT1 Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263299

ABSTRACT

This study was purpose to investigate the biological characteristics of B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) between CD34 positive CD38 positive (CD34(+)CD38(+)) and CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroups and their clinical significance. Immunophenotyping of B cells in bone marrow of 54 patients with newly diagnosed CD34(+)B-ALL were analyzed by 4 color multiparametric flow cytometry (FCM). According to the different expression of CD38, the newly diagnosed patients with B-ALL were divided into two groups: CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup and CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroup. BCR-ABL, TEL-AML1 fusion genes and WT1 gene were detected by real time RT-PCR simultaneously. After chemotherapy, minimal residual disease (MRD) was monitored by one tube of 7 color FCM. The average follow-up time was 12 months (range 1 - 28), the average follow-up interval was 2 months (range 1 - 5). The results showed that there was no significant differences such as WBC, Plt count and Hb level between the two groups at diagnosis, the positive rate of BCR-ABL, TEL-AML1 and WT1 gene was also no significantly different. After clinical complete remission (CR), MRD positive (MDR(+)) case rates were 28.57% (10/35) in CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup and 68.42% (13/19) in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroup (P < 0.01). The relapse rate between the two groups was 5.71% (2/35) in CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup (relapse time at 94 and 245 d respectively) and 36.84% (7/19) in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) group [median relapse time was 263 d (range 46 - 468), P < 0.01]. The age distribution was analyzed in these two subgroups (> 16 or ≤ 16 years old), there was 8 (8/35) adult patients (> 16 years old) in CD34(+)CD38(+)group and 10 (10/19) adult patients in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) group (P < 0.05). It is concluded that CD34(+)CD38(low/-) phenotype is more often presented in adult patients and the CD34(+)CD38(low/-) patients with B-ALL are more likely to have MRD(+)and relapse after treatment.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Allergy and Immunology , Adolescent , Adult , Antigens, CD34 , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Infant , Leukemia, B-Cell , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm, Residual , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1952-1959, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283687

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Chimerism analysis is an important tool for the surveillance of post-transplant engraftment. It offers the possibility of identifying impending graft rejection and recurrence of underlying malignant or non-malignant disease. Here we investigated the quantitative chimerism kinetics of 21 relapsed leukemia patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A panel of 29 selected sequence polymorphism (SP) markers was screened by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to obtain the informative marker for every leukemia patient. Quantitative chimerism analysis of bone marrow (BM) samples of 21 relapsed patients and 20 patients in stable remission was performed longitudinally. The chimerisms of BM and peripheral blood (PB) samples of 14 patients at relapse were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-one patients experienced leukemia relapse at a median of 135 days (range, 30 - 720 days) after transplantation. High recipient chimerism in BM was found in all patients at relapse, and increased recipient chimerism in BM samples was observed in 90% (19/21) of patients before relapse. With 0.5% recipient DNA as the cut-off, median time between the detection of increased recipient chimerism and relapse was 45 days (range, 0 - 120 days), with 76% of patients showing increased recipient chimerism at least 1 month prior to relapse. Median percentage of recipient DNA in 20 stable remission patients was 0.28%, 0.04%, 0.05%, 0.05%, 0.08%, and 0.05% at 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, respectively, after transplantation. This was concordant with other specific fusion transcripts and fluorescent in situ hybridization examination. The recipient chimerisms in BM were significantly higher than those in PB at relapse (P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This SP-based RT-PCR assay is a reliable method for chimerism analysis. Chimerism kinetics in BM can be used as a marker of impending leukemia relapse, especially when no other specific marker is available. Based on our findings, we recommend examining not only PB samples but also BM samples in HSCT patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia , Genetics , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transplantation Chimera , Genetics , Transplantation, Homologous , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244898

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate whether difference exists between real time RT-PCR results of nucleated cells isolated by lysis method and mononuclear cells isolated by gradient concentration method. 14 bone marrow samples from leukemia patients (7 samples of AML-M(2), 1 of AML-M(4), 1 of AML-M(4)EO, 1 of AML-M(6), 1 of APL and 3 of CML) were collected. Each sample was divided into 2 parts, and was used to isolate mononuclear cells by Ficoll-Hypaque gradient centrifugation, and other was used to isolate nuclear cells by lysis method. The RNA extraction and detection of internal reference gene ABL for all of samples were performed by RT-PCR, and mRNA expression levels in 3 samples of BCR/ABL, 6 of AML/ETO, 1 of CBFβ-MHY11, 1 of WT1 and 6 PRAME were detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that ABL copies of all samples were over 3 × 10(4), and there was significant difference in ABL copies between each pair of samples by lysis and gradient centrifugation method (p > 0.05). There was also no significant difference in every detected mRNA levels between 14 pair samples (p > 0.05). It is concluded that the lysis method may be useful one for extracting RNA from nuclear cells, and can adopt as a routing detection method for simultaneously extracting RNA from many samples to detect leukemia specific mRNA by using RT-PCR.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Leukemia , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Young Adult
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2301-2308, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292845

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Analysis of changes in recipient and donor hematopoietic cell origin is extremely useful to monitor the effect of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and sequential adoptive immunotherapy by donor lymphocyte infusions. We developed a sensitive, reliable and rapid real-time PCR method based on sequence polymorphism systems to quantitatively assess the hematopoietic chimerism after HSCT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A panel of 29 selected sequence polymorphism (SP) markers was screened by real-time PCR in 101 HSCT patients with leukemia and other hematological diseases. The chimerism kinetics of bone marrow samples of 8 HSCT patients in remission and relapse situations were followed longitudinally.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Recipient genotype discrimination was possible in 97.0% (98 of 101) with a mean number of 2.5 (1-7) informative markers per recipient/donor pair. Using serial dilutions of plasmids containing specific SP markers, the linear correlation (r) of 0.99, the slope between -3.2 and -3.7 and the sensitivity of 0.1% were proved reproducible. By this method, it was possible to very accurately detect autologous signals in the range from 0.1% to 30%. The accuracy of the method in the very important range of autologous signals below 5% was extraordinarily high (standard deviation <1.85%), which might significantly improve detection accuracy of changes in autologous signals early in the post-transplantation course of follow-up. The main advantage of the real-time PCR method over short tandem repeat PCR chimerism assays is the absence of PCR competition and plateau biases, with demonstrated greater sensitivity and linearity. Finally, we prospectively analyzed bone marrow samples of 8 patients who received allografts and presented the chimerism kinetics of remission and relapse situations that illustrated the sensitivity level and the promising clinical application of this method.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This SP-based real-time PCR assay provides a rapid, sensitive, and accurate quantitative assessment of mixed chimerism that can be useful in predicting graft rejection and early relapse.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Genotype , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Reproducibility of Results , Transplantation Chimera , Genetics , Young Adult
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 758-762, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353553

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the efficacy and safety of immunotherapy and imatinib mesylate used in early post allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for intervention.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-four chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients received HSCT were analyzed retrospectively based on bcr-abl kinetics post HSCT. Patients were divided into three groups, imatinib group (n = 13), immunotherapy group (n = 20)and combining both group (n = 31). The primary endpoint is molecular response, the second endpoint is side effect related to intervention.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no difference among the three groups in converting to bcr-abl negativity (86.0%, 90.0% and 83.9%, respectively, P = 0.126), 4 years cumulative relapse incidence (32.3%, 0% and 16.1%, respectively, P = 0.130) and 4 years OS (90.0%, 89.7%, 83.0%, respectively, P = 0.696). There was a trend of more relapse in Imatinib group than in immunotherapy group (P = 0.052). There were more hematological toxicity in imatinib and combining groups than that in immunotherapy group (30.8%, 38.7%, and 5.0%, respectively, P = 0.001). There was significant difference in the incidence of GVHD among the three groups (P = 0.000), being 95.0%, 0% and 67.7% in immunotherapy, imatinib and combining groups, respectively. Intervention related death occurred in 2 cases, both with discontinuation of CsA, graft failure in another patient with CsA withdrawal. No intervention related death occurred in the other two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>All three regimens can give a quick and durable molecular remission in most of the patients, but side effects are different. The choice of regimen should be balanced with toxicity individually. CsA withdrawal is not the best choice for very early intervention, the long-term effect for patients received imatinib alone without GVHD is needed to be studied.</p>


Subject(s)
Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Drug Therapy , Recurrence
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243356

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to examine a rare case of Philadelphia (Ph)-negative chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with t(9;13). Chromosome samples were prepared after culture of bone marrow cells for 24 hours, the karyotypes were analyzed by G banding technique. Chromosome painting analysis was performed by using whole chromosome paints for chromosomes 9 and 22. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was done with dual color dual fusion LSI bcr/abl probe. Bcr/abl transcripts were detected by real time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR). As a result, G banding analysis showed a karyotype of 45, XX, der(9)t(9;13)(q34;q10), -13[20]. FISH assay using LSI bcr/abl DNA probe showed a red abl signal inserted into der(22) and a fusion signal of bcr/abl rearrangement was discovered. RQ-PCR detected high copies of bcr/abl transcripts. In conclusion, insertion of bcr/abl rearrangement was a rare variant t(9;22) and could be well detected by molecular techniques, however, regular cytogenetic banding technique and whole chromosome paintings may probably lead a misdiagnosis to such cases.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Painting , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic, Atypical, BCR-ABL Negative , Genetics , Middle Aged
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243354

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to detect the expression level of cmtm 5 (CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing member 5) gene in the bone marrow cells from patients with multiple myeloma (MM), and to investigate the correlation between the expression level of cmtm5 and various clinical characteristics. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RQ-RT-PCR) was used to measure the expression levels of cmtm5 gene in the bone marrow cells collected from MM patients, and the MM cell lines, namely, RPMI8226 and CZ1 cells. The normal donor marrow specimens were used as the reference. The ratio of cmtm5 copy number to abl (Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog) gene copy number was used for indicating the expression level. The results showed that the expression level of cmtm5 gene was significantly down-regulated in bone marrow cells of 51 untreated or relapsed/refractory MM patient as compared to those of normal donor marrow cells (0.047+/-0.062 for the untreated or relapsed/refractory MM patients versus 0.255+/-0.333 for the normal, p<0.01). According to the International Staging System (ISS), the cmtm5 expression level in marrow cells of patients in ISS III stage was significantly lower than that in patients in ISS I stage (0.034+/-0.034 for the ISS III stage versus 0.103+/-0.109 for ISSI stage, p<0.01). Similarly, lower expression levels of cmtm5 gene were also found in two human MM cell lines (0.014+/-0.009 for RPMI8226 cells and 0.004+/-0.006 for CZ1 cells). After the MM patients were effectively treated, their expression levels of cmtm5 gene significantly increased (0.020+/-0.005 for the untreated patients versus 0.227+/-0.038 for the effectively treated patients, p<0.01). A significant negative correlation was observed between the expression level of cmtm5 gene and the number of bone marrow plasma cells (r=-0.307, p<0.05). However, the correlation was not found between the expression level of cmtm5 gene and the clinical characteristics, such as gender, age, hemoglobin level, or M-protein level, etc. It is concluded that the expression level of cmtm5 gene is abnormally lower in the bone marrow cells from the MM patients, and are associated with ISS stages. Furthermore, the expression level of cmtm5 gene is negatively correlated with the number of bone marrow abnormal plasma cells in MM patients, which suggests that the abnormally lower expression of cmtm5 may be involved in the pathogenesis of the MM patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Case-Control Studies , Chemokines , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Humans , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Young Adult
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