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2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1198-1212, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929355

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary endothelial barrier dysfunction is a hallmark of clinical pulmonary edema and contributes to the development of acute lung injury (ALI). Here we reported that ruscogenin (RUS), an effective steroidal sapogenin of Radix Ophiopogon japonicus, attenuated lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced pulmonary endothelial barrier disruption through mediating non-muscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC IIA)‒Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) interactions. By in vivo and in vitro experiments, we observed that RUS administration significantly ameliorated LPS-triggered pulmonary endothelial barrier dysfunction and ALI. Moreover, we identified that RUS directly targeted NMMHC IIA on its N-terminal and head domain by serial affinity chromatography, molecular docking, biolayer interferometry, and microscale thermophoresis analyses. Downregulation of endothelial NMMHC IIA expression in vivo and in vitro abolished the protective effect of RUS. It was also observed that NMMHC IIA was dissociated from TLR4 and then activating TLR4 downstream Src/vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) signaling in pulmonary vascular endothelial cells after LPS treatment, which could be restored by RUS. Collectively, these findings provide pharmacological evidence showing that RUS attenuates LPS-induced pulmonary endothelial barrier dysfunction by inhibiting TLR4/Src/VE-cadherin pathway through targeting NMMHC IIA and mediating NMMHC IIA‒TLR4 interactions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 280-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anti-oxidative stress effects of microRNA 125b (miR-125b) on lens epithelial cells (LECs) and its possible mechanism.Methods:Twenty-four anterior capsule specimens were collected from 24 eyes of 24 age-related cataract patients during phacoemulsification and 20 normal anterior capsule specimens were obtained from 20 eyes of 20 donors in Henan Eye Hospital from July 2018 to March 2019 under the approval of a Medical Ethics Committee of Henan Eye Hospital (No.YKYY20193151).The reverse transcription PCR and Western blot assay were employed to detect and compare the relative expression levels of miR-125b and nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in different specimens.The human lens epithelial cell line HLEB-3 was divided into control group and oxidative stress model group.The oxidative stress models were established by coculture with different concentrations (100, 200, 400 μmol/L) of H 2O 2 for 24 hours, and the cells were cultured with normal medium without H 2O 2 in the control group.The reactive oxygen species (ROS) content was detected by DCFH-DA fluorescent probe, and the activities of total-antioxidative capability (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) as well as malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration were detected by ELISA, and compared among the groups.The expression levels of miR-125b and Nrf2 were detected by reverse transcription PCR and Western blot assay, respectively.The cells were transfected with miR-125b mimics, miR-125b control and miR-125b inhibitor for 24 hours, respectively, and ROS content was detected by DCFH-DA fluorescent probe and T-AOC, SOD and GSH-Px activities as well as MDA concentration were detected by ELISA and compared among different transfected groups.A dual luciferase reporter assay was used to assess an association between miR-125b and Nrf2.The expression level of Nrf2 protein was detected by Western blot assay and the expression levels of Nrf2 and Keap1 were assayed and located by immunofluorescence double staining. Results:The relative expression levels of miR-125b and Nrf2 in the normal lens anterior capsule specimens were 0.21±0.03 and 0.27±0.06, which were significantly lower than 0.89±0.05 and 0.84±0.12 in the cataract specimens, respectively ( t=15.355, P<0.05; t=18.647, P<0.05).The relative expression levels of miR-125b and Nrf2 were significantly increased in various H 2O 2 treated groups in comparison with the control group and were gradually elevated with the increase of H 2O 2 concentration (all at P<0.05).Compared with the control group, the T-AOC, SOD and GSH-Px activities were reduced, and ROS content and MDA concentration were significantly ascended (all at P<0.05).Compared with the miR-125b control group, the T-AOC, GSH-Px and SOD activities were increased, and ROS content and MDA concentration were decreased in the miR-125b mimics group (all at P<0.05).In addition, the T-AOC, GSH-Px and SOD activities were significantly weakened, and ROS content and MDA concentration were significantly increased in the miR-125b inhibitor group in comparison with the miR-125b control group (all at P<0.05).Dual luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-125b targeted to the expression of Nrf2 in the H 2O 2 model cells.The fluorescence of Nrf2 in the cytoplasm was the strongest with more nuclear transfer in the miR-125b mimics group, and the expression intensity of Keap1 in the cytoplasm was weaker.The expression of Nrf2 was the weakest with less nuclear transfer in the miR-125b inhibitor group, and the expression level of Keap1 in the cytoplasm was stronger. Conclusions:MiR-125b can enhance the anti-oxidative stress of LECs in age-related cataractous eyes probably by upregulating the expression of Nrf2 and activating the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 32-37, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798743

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) in the regulation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human lens epithelial cells (LECs) and its possible mechanism.@*Methods@#Human LEC lines (SRA01/04) were divided into MeCP2-mimic group, MeCP2-NC group and small interferening RNA-MeCP2 (si-MeCP2) group, and MeCP2 analog plasmid, blank plasmid and MeCP2 si-RNA plasmid was used respectively to transfect the cells.The expression of MeCP2 mRNA in the cells was detected by using real-time PCR 24 hours after transfection.At 48 hours after transfection, the migration rate of the cells was evaluated by scratching test, and the expression of Wnt3a protein in the cells was detected by immunofluorescence stainning.The relative expressions of β-catenin, E-cadherin, Vimentin, matrix metallo proteinase (MMP)-9, MMP-7 and secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (SFRP5) proteins in the cells were detected by Western blot.@*Results@#After 24 hours of transfection, the relative expression of MeCP2 mRNA in the cells was significantly different among the MeCP2-mimic group, MeCP2-NC group and si-MeCP2 group (F=4 773.00, P<0.00 1). The migrating rate of the cells in the MeCP2-mimic group, MeCP2-NC group and si-MeCP2 group was (57.45±5.20)%, (32.71±10.02)% and (17.77±9.22)%, respectively, showing a significant difference among the three groups (F=124.00, P<0.001), and the migrating rate of the cells in the si-MeCP2 group was significantly lower than that of the MeCP2-mimic group or MeCP2-NC group (both at P<0.001). The relative expressing intensity (absorbance) of Wnt3a in the cells of the MeCP2-mimic group, MeCP2-NC group and si-MeCP2 group was 75.92±6.10, 52.03±5.22 and 28.75±3.39, respectively, with a significant difference among three the groups (F=221.30, P<0.001), and the relative expressing intensity (absorbance) of Wnt3a in the cells was significantly lower in the si-MeCP2-mimic group than that of the MeCP2-NC group and MeCP2-mimic group (both at P<0.001). The relative expressing level of E-cadherin protein was significantly elevated and the expressions of β-catenin, Vimentin, MMP-9 and MMP-7 were significantly reduced in the si-MeCP2 group compared with the MeCP2-mimnic group and MeCP2-NC group (all at P<0.01). The relative expressing level of SFRP5 protein in the MeCP2-mimic group, MeCP2-NC group and si-MeCP2 group was 27.19±0.03, 47.54±0.05 and 74.93±0.05, respectively, showing a statistical difference among the three groups (F=183.49, P<0.001), and the relative expressing level of SFRP5 in the si-MeCP2 group was significantly higher than that in the MeCP2-mimic group and MeCP2-NC group (both at P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#MeCP2C can promote EMT of human LECs by down-regulating the expression of SFRP5 and therefore activating the Wnt3a/β-catenin signal pathway.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 32-37, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865220

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) in the regulation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human lens epithelial cells (LECs) and its possible mechanism.Methods Human LEC lines (SRA01/04) were divided into MeCP2-mimic group,MeCP2-NC group and small interferening RNA-MeCP2 (si-MeCP2) group,and MeCP2 analog plasmid,blank plasmid and MeCP2 si-RNA plasmid was used respectively to transfect the cells.The expression of MeCP2 mRNA in the cells was detected by using real-time PCR 24 hours after transfection.At 48 hours after transfection,the migration rate of the cells was evaluated by scratching test,and the expression of Wnt3a protein in the cells was detected by immunofluorescence stainning.The relative expressions of β-catenin,E-cadherin,Vimentin,matrix metallo proteinase (MMP)-9,MMP-7 and secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (SFRP5) proteins in the cells were detected by Western blot.Results After 24 hours of transfection,the relative expression of MeCP2 mRNA in the cells was significantly different among the MeCP2-mimic group,MeCP2-NC group and si-MeCP2 group (F =4 773.00,P<0.00 1).The migrating rate of the cells in the MeCP2-mimic group,MeCP2-NC group and si-MeCP2 group was (57.45±5.20)%,(32.71± 10.02)% and (17.77±9.22)%,respectively,showing a significant difference among the three groups (F=124.00,P<0.001),and the migrating rate of the cells in the si-MeCP2 group was significantly lower than that of the MeCP2-mimic group or MeCP2-NC group (both at P<0.001).The relative expressing intensity (absorbance) of Wnt3a in the cells of the MeCP2-mimic group,MeCP2-NC group and si-MeCP2 group was 75.92 ± 6.10,52.03 ± 5.22 and 28.75 ± 3.39,respectively,with a significant difference among three the groups (F=221.30,P<0.001),and the relative expressing intensity (absorbance) of Wnt3a in the cells was significantly lower in the si-MeCP2-mimic group than that of the MeCP2-NC group and MeCP2-mimic group (both at P<0.001).The relative expressing level of E-cadherin protein was significantly elevated and the expressions of β-catenin,Vimentin,MMP-9 and MMP-7 were significantly reduced in the si-MeCP2 group compared with the MeCP2-mimnic group and MeCP2-NC group (all at P<O.01).The relative expressing level of SFRP5 protein in the MeCP2-mimic group,MeCP2-NC group and si-MeCP2 group was 27.19± 0.03,47.54±0.05 and 74.93±0.05,respectively,showing a statistical difference among the three groups (F =183.49,P<0.001),and the relative expressing level of SFRP5 in the si-MeCP2 group was significantly higher than that in the MeCP2-mimic group and MeCP2-NC group (both at P<0.001).Conclusions MeCP2C can promote EMT of human LECs by down-regulating the expression of SFRP5 and therefore activating the Wnt3a/β-catenin signal pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 289-293, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699733

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between anterior chamber angle and intraocular pressure (IOP) after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) treatment.Methods A retrospective cases control study was adopted.Fifty-eight patients (58 eyes) who were diagnosed as primary angle closure (PAC) were included in this study.Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) parameters in angle opening distance (AOD),trabecular iris area (TISA) and angle recess area (ARA) examination were performed before LPI.The changes of intraocular pressure (IOP) were compared between different time-points (before and 1 hour,2 hours,8 hours,24 hours,2 weeks,6 months and 12 months after LPI).The patients were divided into IOP≤21 mmHg group (41 eyes) and IOP>21 mmHg group (17 eyes) after LPI.Relationship between anterior chamber angle and IOP after LPI treatment was explored.This study was approved by Ethic Committee of the Henan Eye Institute and informed consent was obtained from each patient.Results The IOPs were increased in 1 hour,2 hours after LPI and lowered in 2 weeks,6 months,12 months after LPI compared with IOP before LPI,with significant differences between them (all at P<0.01).Twelve patients suffered transient elevated IOP and recovered by self-healing or treatment.IOP of 4 patients were elevated after 6 months to 1 year follow-up.The IOPs in 2 weeks,6 months and 12 months after LPI were lowered compared with IOP before LPI,with significant differences between them (all at P<0.01).The UBM parameters were significantly increased in 2 weeks,6 months,12 months after LPI in comparison with IOP before IPL (all at P<0.01).IOP and UBM parameters values were significantly different between IOP>21 mmHg group and ≤21 mmHg group after LPI.Regression analysis indicated that ARA750 (OR =0.75,P<0.05) was correlated to the IOP after LPI rather than IOP before operation,AOD and TISA (P>0.05).Conclusions ARA750 value is correlated with the IOP variations after LPI.UBM structured observation can improve the surgical successful rates and safty and prevent complications.

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