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Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 351-354, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806501


Gingival Stillman's cleft is a mucogingival triangular- shaped defect which influence on health and appearance of gingiva. Due to a lack of clinical reports, five cases of gingival Stillman's cleft were recruited in the present study. The treatment methods were selected according to the etiological factors of the defect in each patient. Satisfactory treatment responses were achieved in all cases during a 6 to 20 month follow up after the treatments. In this study, we summarized the treatment strategies in various types of gingival Stillman's cleft, so as to provide the reference for clinicians.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509414


Objective:To evaluate bone formation in human extraction sockets with absorbed surrounding walls augmented with Bio-Oss(R) and Bio-Gide(R) after a 6-month healing period by histologic and histomorphometric analyses.Methods:Six fresh molar tooth extraction sockets in 6 patients who required periodontally compromised moral tooth extraction were included in this study.The six fresh extraction sockets were grafted with Bio-Oss(R) particle covered with Bio-Gide(R).The 2.8 mm × 6.0 mm cylindric bone specimens were taken from the graft sites with aid of stent 6 months after the surgery.Histologic and histomorphometric analyses were performed.Results:The histological results showed Bio-0ss(R) particles were easily distinguished from the newly formed bone,small amounts of new bone were formed among the Bio-Oss(R) particles,large amounts of connective tissue were found.Intimate contact between the newly formed bone and the small part of Bio-Oss(R) particles was present.All the biopsy cylinders measurement demonstrated a high inter-individual variability in the percentage of the bone,connective tissues and BioOss(R) particles.The new bone occupied 11.54% (0-28.40%) of the total area;the connective tissues were 53.42% (34.08%-74.59%) and the Bio-Oss(R) particles were 35.04% (13.92%-50.87%).The percentage of the particles,which were in contact with bone tissues,amounted to 20.13% (0-48.50%).Conclusion:Sites grafted with Bio-Oss(R) particles covered with Bio-Gide(R) were comprised of connective tissues and small amounts of newly formed bone surrounding the graft particles.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485334


Objective:To investigate the changes of the vertical height and width of the alveolar bone six months after the alveolar ridge preservation in periodontal compromised molar sites of severe alveolar bone defects with clinical direct measurement,parallel periapical radiographs,and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT),and to analyze the effect of the three different methods of measurement.Methods:In this study,20 subjects requiring tooth extraction on account of periodontal disease with a total of 23 ex-tracted molars were enrolled.Extractions were performed atraumatically and patients were received alveo-lar ridge preservation procedure with Bio-Ossand Bio-Gide.Clinical direct measurements were taken after tooth extraction and during the implant surgery 6 months later,CBCT scans and parallel periapical radiographs were taken immediately after ridge preservation and 6 months later.The changes of alveolar ridge width and vertical height after six months were measured and analyzed through the above-mentioned three methods and the similarities and differences of the measured effect were compared.Results:There were no significant difference of alveolar vertical height in the center of the extraction sites,the center of distal aspect,and distobuccal aspect between the clinical direct measurements and the CBCT measure-ments (P>0.05),alveolar vertical height in other points and alveolar width measurements were statical-ly significant (P cally significant (P>0.05).The change of the alveolar height in the center of the extraction socket after six months measured by parallel periapical was (5.84 ±4.28)mm,which was closed to the clinical di-rect measurement and the CBCT measurement.Conclusion:Clinical direct measurement and CBCT measurement were largely consistent in the evaluation of the alveolar bone height and width after the alveolar ridge preservation using deproteinized boving bone mineral (DBBM,Bio-Oss)and bioabsor-bable collagen membrane (Bio-Gide)in periodontal compromised molar sites of severe bone defects.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461015


Objective:To compare the bone dimensional changes following tooth extraction alone with extraction plus ridge preservation ( using deproteinized boving bone mineral Bio-Oss? and bioresorbable collagen mambrane Bio-Gide?) in periodontal compromised extraction sockets .Methods: Eighteen molars of sixteen subjects requiring tooth extraction because of periodontal destruction were enrolled in this study .The subjects were assigned to the control group ( extraction alone , EXT) or to the test group ( ridge-preservation procedure with Bio-Oss? and Bio-Gide?, RP) .Parallel periapical X-rays and cone-beam computed tomography ( CBCT ) scans were taken immediately after tooth extraction alone or plus ridge-preservation ( baseline ) and 6 months later .The changes of horizontal ridge width and vertical ridge height were assessed .Results:At the central buccal aspect , the ridge height increased 2 .9 mm in RP group, and reduced 1.0 mm in EXT group.At the distal buccal aspect , the ridge height increased 1.45 mm in RP group, and reduced 1.45 mm in EXT group.The differences between the groups reached statistical significance (P0.05).Conclusion:The ridge-preservation approach using Bio-Oss? in combination with Bio-Gide? can significantly increase vertical ridge height and horizontal ridge width after tooth extraction compared with extraction alone in periodontal compromised molars .