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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511320

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the application of the network training on clinicians'knowledge of malaria diagnosis and treatment in Yunnan Province,and evaluate its effect. Methods Through the platform Yiboshi(www.yiboshi.com),the medi-cal and health personnel at the units of provincial,prefectural,county levels and 25 townships of 25 border counties were trained on the knowledge of malaria diagnosis,treatment,prevention and control,and the effects were evaluated by examina-tions,questionnaires and interviews. Results Totally 7152 participants were trained,the average participation,completion and pass rates of the training were 95.26%,98.55% and 97.30%,respectively. The trainees mainly learned malaria control knowledge from 3 aspects,namely policy of malaria elimination,malaria epidemiology,malaria diagnosis and treatment. The questionnaires showed that 95.94%of the participants considered that their theoretical and technical levels improved,97.30%were interested in the training content,93.24% recognized the arrangement of the training time was reasonable,and 91.89%were satisfied with the service of the platform. Conclusions The network training on knowledge of malaria diagnosis and treat-ment in Yunnan Province has achieved good effect. The network training meets the need of training a large number of clinicians in the malaria elimination and post-elimination stage.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1476-1479, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737856

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of Driving Anger Scale (DAS) in professional drivers in China and provide a scientific basis for the application of the scale in drivers in China. Methods Professional drivers, including taxi drivers, bus drivers, truck drivers and school bus drivers, were selected to complete the questionnaire. Cronbach's α and split-half reliability were calculated to evaluate the reliability of DAS, and content, contract, discriminant and convergent validity were performed to measure the validity of the scale. Results The overall Cronbach'sα of DAS was 0.934 and the split-half reliability was 0.874. The correlation coefficient of each subscale with the total scale was 0.639-0.922. The simplified version of DAS supported a presupposed six-factor structure, explaining 56.371% of the total variance revealed by exploratory factor analysis. The DAS had good convergent and discriminant validity, with the success rate of calibration experiment of 100%. Conclusion DAS has a good reliability and validity in professional drivers in China, and the use of DAS is worth promoting in divers.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1476-1479, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736388

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of Driving Anger Scale (DAS) in professional drivers in China and provide a scientific basis for the application of the scale in drivers in China. Methods Professional drivers, including taxi drivers, bus drivers, truck drivers and school bus drivers, were selected to complete the questionnaire. Cronbach's α and split-half reliability were calculated to evaluate the reliability of DAS, and content, contract, discriminant and convergent validity were performed to measure the validity of the scale. Results The overall Cronbach'sα of DAS was 0.934 and the split-half reliability was 0.874. The correlation coefficient of each subscale with the total scale was 0.639-0.922. The simplified version of DAS supported a presupposed six-factor structure, explaining 56.371% of the total variance revealed by exploratory factor analysis. The DAS had good convergent and discriminant validity, with the success rate of calibration experiment of 100%. Conclusion DAS has a good reliability and validity in professional drivers in China, and the use of DAS is worth promoting in divers.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-531636

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To standardize the order of the market of drugs.METHODS: Through literature review and field investigation,the patterns of manifestation and the existing problems in Chinese "false drugs" were analyzed.RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: "False drugs" had different patterns of manifestation in the retail market.To tighten control on "false drugs",measures should be taken from aspects of legislation,strengthening supervision,raising consumer's recognizability and so on.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683854

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the gene point mutation in the dihydrofolate reductase thymidylate synthase (dhfr) gene of Plasmodium falciparum isolate from Yunnan Province strongly associated with pyrimethamine and cycloguanil resistance. Methods Nested PCR and restriction endonuclease digestion were applied to detect the gene mutation using dried blood filter paper collected from the fields in Yunnan Province. Results Different mutations were found in 4 amino acids at positions 16, 51, 108 and 164 of dhfr gene, particularly, Asn 108 and Ile 51, the mutaiton frequency being 94.1% and 90.1%, respectively. The frequency of the wild type genotype (3D7 type) Ser 108 appeared lower ( 9.1%) , while the frequency of the Ala 16 was high( 61.8%); the mutation type was very high, the ratio of HB3 type, 7G8 type/FCR3 type and Cambodian type was 1∶21∶7.5. Conclusion The investigation first demonstrated that Plasmodium falciparum Yunnan isolate dihydrofolate reductase thymidylate synthase gene(dhfr) at positions 16, 51 ,108 and 164 exhibited different degrees of point mutation. The frequency of mutation of the 7D8 type involved in pyrimethamine resistance was higher, while that of the FCR3 type involved in cycloquanil resistance was lower.

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