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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 305-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965057

ABSTRACT

As a novel solid organ transplantation, uterus transplantation has become an important approach for women with uterine infertility to obtain biological offspring. Multiple technological challenges exist in uterus transplantation, such as acquisition of vascular pedicle, organ perfusion and vascular suture, etc. However, with the development and application of uterus transplantation in animal model and transplantation in human cadavers, a lot of problems have become new hot topics of discussion, such as the selection of uterus transplantation donors and recipients, selection of uterine vessels, prevention and treatment of complications after uterus transplantation, evaluation of graft vitality, timing of pregnancy and delivery, timing of hysterectomy, mental health of donors and recipients and offspring health, etc. According to current data and outcomes of human uterus transplantation worldwide, these hot topics were reviewed in this article, aiming to provide reference for promoting the development and progress of human uterus transplantation research in China.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2213-2218, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988780

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To optimize the processing technology of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma, and to compare the anti-gastric ulcer effect before and after processing. METHODS Combing with entropy-weight and technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution model, L(9 34) orthogonal experiment design was adopted to optimize the processing technology of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma using the comprehensive score of the contents of atractylone, β-cineole, atractylenolide Ⅲ and atractylodine as evaluation index, using the ratio of excipients to medicine, frying temperature and frying time as factors. The validation tests were conducted. The gastric ulcer model of mice was induced by intragastrical administration of anhydrous ethanol; using Compound aluminum hydroxide tablet as positive control, anti-gastric ulcer effect of Atractylodis Rhizoma was compared with that of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma using the contents of serum inflammatory factors [interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)], ulcer index and inhibitory rate of gastric ulcer as evaluation indexes. RESULTS The optimal processing technology of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma was as follows:ratio of adjuvant and medicinal materials of 3∶10 (g/g), frying temperature at 140 ℃ and frying time of 4 min. Results of 3 validation tests showed that the contents of 4 components (including atractylone), in honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma processed by the optimal technology kept stable (RSDs were 3.47%-5.80%, n=3); the comprehensive scores were 95.53%-95.89% (RSD=0.21%, n=3). Atractylodis Rhizoma and honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma could increase the serum content of IL-2 in mice, but reduce serum contents of IL-6 and TNF-α to varying degrees; honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma could significantly decrease its ulcer indexes (P<0.05 or P< 0.01); the improvement effect of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma on the above indicators was generally better than that of the same dosage of Atractylodis Rhizoma (P<0.05 or P< 0.01). The inhibitory rates of low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose Atractylodis Rhizoma and honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma to gastric ulcer in mice were 9.18%, 19.30%, 30.70%, and 50.32%, 61.39%, 53.16%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The optimal processing technology of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma is stable and feasible, and the anti-gastric ulcer effect of Atractylodis Rhizoma has been enhanced after being fried with honey bran.

3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 244-249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971067

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the expression of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) in the serum of children with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)-resistant Kawasaki disease (KD) and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#A total of 143 children with KD who were hospitalized in Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from June 2021 to June 2022 were enrolled in this prospective study, among whom 115 had IVIG-sensitive KD and 28 had IVIG-resistant KD. After matching for sex and age, 110 children with acute respiratory infectious diseases (fever time ≥5 days but without KD) were enrolled as the control group. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the serum level of IL-17A. The levels of white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil count (NE), platelet count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured. The receiver operating characteristic curve was plotted to analyze the value of WBC, NE, CRP, and IL-17A in the prediction of IVIG-resistant KD. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the predictive factors for resistance to IVIG in children with KD.@*RESULTS@#Before IVIG treatment, the KD group had a significantly higher serum level of IL-17A than the control group (P<0.05), and the children with IVIG-resistant KD had a significantly higher serum level of IL-17A than those with IVIG-sensitive KD (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that WBC, NE, CRP, and IL-17A had an area under the curve of 0.718, 0.741, 0.627, and 0.840, respectively, in the prediction of IVIG-resistant KD. With serum IL-17A ≥44.06 pg/mL as the cut-off value, IL-17A had a sensitivity of 84% and a specificity of 81% in the prediction of IVIG-resistant KD. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a high serum level of IL-17A was a predictive factor for resistance to IVIG in children with KD (OR=1.161, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum IL-17A levels are elevated in children with IVIG-resistant KD, and serum IL-17A level (≥44.06 pg/mL) may have a predictive value for resistance to IVIG in children with KD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Infant , Aged, 80 and over , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/drug therapy , Interleukin-17 , Clinical Relevance , Prospective Studies , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 470-476, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969930

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) prophylactic therapy for latent infection, which can reduce the risk for the development of active TB, is an important measure in TB control. China recommends prophylactic therapy for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in some key populations to reduce the risk for TB. Contacts of patients with multi-drug and rifampicin-resistant TB (MDR/RR-TB) are at high risk for the infection with drug-resistant pathogen, however, no unified prophylactic therapy regimen has been recommended for LTBI due to exposure to MDR/RR-TB patients. This paper summarizes the current MDR/RR-TB prophylactic therapy regimen and its protection effect based on the results of the retrieval of literature, guidelines, expert consensus and technical specifications to provide reference for the prevention and control of LTBI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rifampin/therapeutic use , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/prevention & control , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Latent Tuberculosis/chemically induced , China , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 572-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical manifestations and laboratory examination results of children with Kawasaki disease complicated by macrophage activation syndrome (KD-MAS), and to provide a basis for identifying early warning indicators for the early diagnosis and treatment of KD-MAS.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was performed on 27 children with KD-MAS (KD-MAS group) and 110 children with KD (KD group) who were admitted to Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from January 2014 to January 2022. Clinical and laboratory data were compared between the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to investigate the value of laboratory markers with statistical significance in the diagnosis of KD-MAS.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the KD group, the KD-MAS group had significantly higher incidence rates of hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, incomplete KD, no response to intravenous immunoglobulin, coronary artery damage, multiple organ damage, and KD recurrence, as well as a significantly longer length of hospital stay (P<0.05). Compared with the KD group, the KD-MAS group had significantly lower levels of white blood cell count, absolute neutrophil count, hemoglobin, platelet count (PLT), erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum albumin, serum sodium, prealbumin, and fibrinogen (FIB), a significantly lower incidence rate of non-exudative conjunctiva, and significantly higher levels of C-reactive protein, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and serum ferritin (SF) (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that SF, PLT, FIB, and LDH had high value in the diagnosis of KD-MAS, with areas under the curve (AUC) of 0.989, 0.966, 0.932, and 0.897, respectively (P<0.001), and optimal cut-off values of 349.95 μg/L, 159×109/L, 3.85 g/L, and 403.50 U/L, respectively. The combination of SF, PLT, FIB, and LDH had a larger AUC than PLT, FIB, and LDH alone in the diagnosis of KD-MAS (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the AUC between the combination of SF, PLT, FIB, and LDH and SF alone (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#KD-MAS should be considered when children with KD have hepatosplenomegaly, no response to intravenous immunoglobulin, coronary artery damage, and KD recurrence during treatment. SF, PLT, FIB, and LDH are of high value in the diagnosis of KD-MAS, especially SF is of great significance in the diagnosis of KD-MAS.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Macrophage Activation Syndrome/etiology , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Blood Sedimentation , Hepatomegaly
6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 329-333, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994836

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke in young adults has attracted more and more attention due to the diversity of its etiology. Although atherosclerosis is the most common cause of stroke in young adults, other or unknown causes are not uncommon . To improve clinicians′ understanding of the etiological diagnosis of stroke in young adults, this article reports a case of ischemic stroke in the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University. The patient was a 22-year-old male with acute onset who was diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke based on clinical presentation, physical examination, and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. After actively searching for the cause, laboratory and genetic tests revealed that the patient had inherited thrombophilia (protein C and protein S deficiency), and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging examination found that the patient had noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium.

7.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 85-88, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920750

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of nitroquine on the development of different stages of Plasmodium yoelii in Anopheles stephensi. Methods An. stephensi mosquitoes were fed with conventional sucrose water or sucrose water containing 100 μmol/L nitroquine one day prior to P. yoelii infection. Following starvation for 24 hours, mosquitoes were fed with the blood of Kunming mice infected with P. yoelii, and the number of oocysts was observed in the stomach of An. stephensi. After 6 days and 14 days of infection, the mosquitoes were starved for 24 hours, and then fed with conventional sucrose water or nitroquine treated sucrose water. The An. stephensi mosquitoes were starved for 24 hours 6 and 14 days post-infection with P. yoelii, and then fed with conventional sucrose water or nitroquine-containing sucrose water, the numbers of P. yoelii sporozoites were examined in the hemolymph and salivary glands of An. stephensi. Results Following exposure to nitroquine-containing sucrose water one day prior to P. yoelii infections, the number of P. yoelii oocysts was significantly lower in the An. stephensi stomach on day 7 (119.2 ± 16.1 vs. 207.3 ± 21.8; t = 3.207, P < 0.05). After conventional sucrose water was ceased for 24 hours on day 6, and An. stephensi was fed with nitroquine-containing sucrose water, the number of P. yoelii sporozoites peaked in the hemolymph on day 14 in the nitroquine treatment group (952.3 ± 22.7) and on day 12 in the sucrose water treatment group (1 287.0 ± 39.0), and there was a significant difference in the number of sporozoites in the salivary glands between the nitroquine treatment group and the sucrose water treatment group (9 467.0 ± 1 304.0 vs. 10 533.0 ± 758.7; t = 0.707, P = 0.506) on day 17. After conventional sucrose water was ceased for 24 hours on day 14, and An. stephensi was fed with nitroquine-containing sucrose water, the number of sporozoites in the salivary glands was significantly greater in the nitroquine treatment group than in the sucrose water treatment group (21 900.0 ± 2 613.0 vs. 10 533.0 ± 732.3; t = 4.188, P < 0.05). Conclusions Nitroquine treatment exhibits diverse effects the development of different stages of P. yoelii, and nitroquine treatment may reduce the transmission of P. yoelii in uninfected An. stephensi.

8.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 30-36, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932371

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the morphological changes of the sylvian fissure on the transthalamic section of fetal brain at 20-32 weeks, and grade the fetal sylvian fissure development by means of a simple scoring system and explore its clinical feasibility.Methods:From September 2018 to June 2020, 487 normal single fetuses of 20-32 weeks were examined in Shenzhen Maternal and Child Health Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical University. The sylvian fissure maturation was analyzed on the transthalamic section of fetal brain at 20-32 weeks and was graded from 0 to 5: un-visualized (grade 0), shallow arc (grade 1), obtuse-angled platform (grade 2), right-angled platform (grade 3), acute-angled platform (grade 4), and closed operculum (grade 5). The pregnancy outcomes and gestational age were recorded.Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS 20.0 software using box plot, Mann-Whitney U test, Weighted Kappa coefficient. Results:Left sylvian fissuer grades were obtained in 280 fetuses and right sylvian fissure grades were obtained in 247 fetuses. The fetal sylvian fissure maturation at 20-32 weeks was graded from 0 to 5, which increased with advancing gestation. Grade 0 only appeared in 3 fetuses at 20 weeks, and 99.4% fetuses at 20 weeks had grade ≥1. Grade 1 appeared in 20-22 weeks, grade 2 in 20-25 weeks, grade 3 in 22-26 weeks, grade 4 in 25-32 weeks, and grade 5 in 27-32 weeks. Box-plot and Mann-Whitney U test showed that gestational week distribution of sylvian fissure at all grades was symmetric on both sides ( P>0.05). The Weighted Kappa coefficients were 0.857(95% CI=0.750-0.957) and 0.939 (95% CI=0.859-1.000), respectively, with strong consistency regarding inter- and intra-observer agreements. Conclusions:Fetal sylvian fissure maturation at 20-32 weeks can be evaluated by means of a simple scoring system with symmetrical grading of both sides.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 66-71, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940353

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effects of the main component of Realgar arsenic disulfide (As2S2) on DNA methylation of SKM-1 cells with myelodysplastic syndrome. MethodCell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect the inhibitory effect of As2S2(0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 μmol·L-1)on SKM-1 cells. Propidium iodide (PI) staining was applied to detect the effect of As2S2(0, 1, 2, 4 μmol·L-1)on the SKM-1 cell cycle. The effect of As2S2 (0, 4 μmol·L-1) on the methylation of SKM-1 cells on a genome-wide scale was observed by using Human Methylation 850K BeadChip, followed by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and gene ontology (GO) analyses. According to the microarray data, the antioncogene TUSC3 was selected, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot were adopted to investigate the effect of As2S2 (0, 1, 2, 4 μmol·L-1) on the mRNA and protein expression of TUSC3, respectively. ResultCompared with the conditions in the blank group, As2S2 inhibited SKM-1 cells, increased the proportion of cells in the G0/G1 phase, and decreased the proportion of cells in the S phase(P<0.05). The 850K microarray showed that 4 μmol·L-1 As2S2 could significantly induce DNA methylation in SKM-1 cells, with 12 710 differentially methylated genes involved (50% hypermethylated and 50% hypomethylated genes). KEGG and GO analyses showed that differentially methylated genes were involved in many important biological functions and signaling pathways, including purine metabolism, natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity, endocytosis, chemokine signaling pathway, and nuclear ubiquitin ligase complex. In terms of downstream gene expression, Real-time PCR and Western blot showed that As2S2 increased the expression of TUSC3, as compared with the conditions in the blank group (P<0.05). ConclusionAs2S2, the main component of Realgar, has a significant regulatory effect on the methylation of SKM-1 cells, which is presumedly achieved by increasing the expression of TUSC3.

10.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 821-829, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in early-staged cervical cancer by laparoscopy.Methods:It was a prospective, single-arm, single-center clinical study. Seventy-eight cases of cervical cancer patients were collected from July 2015 to December 2018 at the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University. All the patients were injected with tracer into the disease-free block of cervical tissue after anesthesia by the same surgeon who learned sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping technique in Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and underwent SLN mapping followed by complete pelvic lymphadenectomy. Moreover, all the dissected lymph nodes were stained with hematoxylin eosin staining (HE) pathological examination. Besides, the negative SLN on hematoxylin-eosin staining were detected by immunohistochemistry cytokeratin staining micro-metastasis. To analyze the distribution, detection rate, false negative rate the sensitivity and negative predictive value of the SLN in early-staged cervical cancer by laparoscopy, and explore the value of SLN mapping in predicting the lymph nodes metastasis in early-staged cervical cancer.Results:The overall detection rate of SLN in cervical cancer was 99% (77/78), bilateral detection rate was 87% (68/78). The average of 12.4 lymph node (LN) and 3.6 SLN were dissected for each patients each side. SLN of cervical cancer were mainly distributed in the obturator space (61.5%, 343/558), followed by external iliac (23.5%, 131/558), common iliac (7.3%, 41/558), para-uterine (3.8%, 21/558), internal iliac (2.2%, 12/558), para abdominal aorta (1.1%, 6/558), and anterior sacral lymphatic drainage area (0.7%, 4/558). Fourteen cases of LN metastasis were found among all 78 cases. There were a total of 38 positive LN, including 26 SLN metastasis and 12 none sentinel LN metastasis. Through immunohistochemical staining and pathological ultra-staging, 1 SLN was found to be isolated tumor cells (ITC), and 5 SLNs were found to be micro-metastases (MIC), accounting for 23% (6/26) of positive SLN. SLN mapping with pathological ultra-staging improved the prediction of LN metastasis in cervical cancer (2/14). Metastatic SLN mainly distributed in the obturator space (65%, 17/26), peri-uterine region (12%, 3/26), common iliac region (15%, 4/26), and external iliac region (8%, 2/26). The consistency of the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis by SLN biopsy and postoperative retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis showed that the Kappa value was 1.000 ( P<0.001), indicated that the metastasis status of SLN and retroperitoneal lymph node were completely consistent. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, false-negative rate, and negative predictive value of SLN biopsy in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis were 100%, 100%, 100%, 0, and 100%, respectively. Conclusions:SLN in early-staged cervical cancer patients were mainly distributed in the obturator and external iliac space, pathalogical ultra-staging of SLN could improve the prediction of LN metastasis. Intraoperative SLN mapping is safe, feasible and could predict the state of retroperitoneal LN metastasis in early-staged cervical cancer. SLNB may replace systemic pelvic lymphadenectomy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1191-1197, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941421

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) combined with two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI) at rest on evaluating microcirculation dysfunction and left ventricular dysfunction in patients with angina and no obstructive coronary artery disease(ANOCA). Methods: This retrospective study recruited 78 ANOCA patients, who hospitalized in the People's Hospital of Liaoning Province from August 2019 to July 2021. These patients underwent conventional echocardiography examination, including TDI and 2D-STI, to evaluate the left ventricular dysfunction, and adenosine stress echocardiography (SE) to evaluate the coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR). ANOCA patients were divided into coronary microcirculation dysfunction CMD group (CFVR<2) and control group (CFVR≥2) according to CFVR. Clinical data, routine echocardiographic parameters, TDI parameters including isovolumic contraction time (IVCT), isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT), ejection time (ET), and STI parameters including global longitudinal peak strain (GLS), time to peak (TTP); peak strain dispersion (PSD) were compared between the two groups. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of CMD and the predictive value of each parameter to construct a joint prediction model for the diagnosis of CMD in this patient cohort. Results: The mean age was (55.5±11.2) years, 43 (55%) patients were females in this patient cohort, 38 (49%) patienst were didvided into the CMD group and 40 (51%) into the control group. Age, prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and smokers were significantly higher in the CMD group than in the control group (all P<0.05). Tei index was higher, IVCT and TTP were longer, PSD was higher, ET was shorter, and absolute GLS was lower in the CMD group than in the control group (all P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that longer IVCT, higher Tei index, higher time to PSD and lower absolute GLS were the independent risk factors of CMD. The ROC curve revealed that the predicting efficacy on CMD was satisfactiory with the combined predictors: AUC=0.884, sensitivity of 82% and specificity of 80%. Conclusions: TDI combined with 2D-STI is associated with a good diagnostic value on the diagnosis of CMD and left ventricular dysfunction in patients with ANOCA, which provides a feasible non-invasive tool for the diagnosis of CMD and risk stratification of patients with ANOCA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Angina Pectoris , Blood Flow Velocity , Microcirculation , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 310-312, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912676

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the clinical effect of sequential therapy by local injection of triamcinolone acetonide and lattice CO 2laser for hypertrophic scar. Methods:A total of 80 hypertrophic scar patients, including 45 male and 35 female, in our clinic were randomly divided into test ( n=40) and control ( n=40) groups from March 2019 to May 2020. Patients aged from 18-42 years with average age 28.1. Patients in test groups were treated with triamcinolone acetonide and lattice CO 2laser sequentially. After final treatments, third-party blind evaluation, Vancouver scar scale, visual analog scale and dermatology life quality index were performed. Results:Test group acquired more satisfied result in third-party blind evaluation (82.5% vs. 52.5%, χ2=8.216, P<0.05). Vancouver scar scale, visual analog scale and dermatology life quality index were not significantly different before treatment for both groups while test group acquired better improvement after treatment ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Sequential therapy by local injection of triamcinolone acetonide and lattice CO 2laser is effective for hypertrophic scar and worths wide application in the clinic.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 831-834, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911620

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinicopathological features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of patients with solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas (SPN).Methods:From Jan 2008 to Dec 2017, 112 pathology confirmed SPN patients who underwent surgical treatment at the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were followed up. The clinicopathological characteristics and diagnosis were analyzed.Results:Most SPN patients were young women, the ratio of male to female is 1∶7. SPN patients have no typical clinical symptoms. The preoperative diagnostic accuracy of SPN was 57.14% with imaging examination. Pathological diagnosis depends mainly on immunohistochemical staining. All patients underwent surgical resection. Follow-up ranged from 4 to 123 months. The mean follow-up time was 49 months. All patients were doing well and no recurrence or metastasis was found.Conclusions:SPN is a rare tumor with low malignant potential. Surgical resection is effective.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 936-942, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of alogliptin on bone loss in ovariectomized(OVX)mice.Methods:For animal experiments, thirty 8-week-old C57BL/6J female mice were divided into Sham group, OVX group, and OVX+ alogliptin group. OVX+ alogliptin group were administered with alogliptin in a dosage of 20 mg·kg -1·d -1 by gavage, Sham and OVX groups with equivalent saline. After 12 weeks intervention, serum bone anabolism indicators were detected, and Micro CT and HE staining were used to observe and analyze the bone trabecular structure of femur and tibia in mice. For in vitro experiments, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs)were incubated with 100 μmol/L alogliptin for osteoblast differentiation. Alkaline phosphatase(ALP)and alizarin red S staining were used to determine the ALP activity and mineralization after osteogenic induction and culture. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot were used to detect mRNA and protein expressions of osteoblast related genes. Results:Alogliptin intervention improved the biochemical indexes of bone anabolism and protected against bone microstructure deterioration to alleviate bone loss in OVX mice. Alogliptin stimulated osteoblast differentiation and elevated expression levels of Runt-related transcription factor 2(Runx2), ALP, osteocalcin, and osterix in in vitro experiments. Conclusion:Alogliptin can alleviate bone loss in OVX mice.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1158-1163, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the factors affecting the disappearance time of airway necrosis and repair time of airway scar stenosis in patients with ulceration necrosis tracheobronchial tuberculosis (TBTB Ⅱ) after standardized chemotherapy and bronchoscopic intervention.Methods:The clinical data of 222 TBTB Ⅱ patients admitted to Hunan Chest Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected, bronchoscopic interventional treatment was performed on time. The texture, blockage of lumen, granulation proliferation, airway stenosis of TBTB patients before treatment, the disappearance time of airway dead objects, scar repair time and stenosis degree after treatment were followed up. The disappearance time of airway necrosis and repair time of airway scar stenosis and its influencing factors were recorded and analyzed.Results:In 222 patients, 508 ulceration necrosis airway lesions were found under bronchoscopy, with a median of 2(1-6); 170(76.6%) cases of airway lesions had different degrees of stenosis before treatment. 79(35.6%) patients had tough necrosis, and 86(38.7%) patients had necrosis blocking the lumen; 132(59.5%) patients had granulomatosis. The disappearance time of airway necrosis after treatment was 1 to 32 weeks, and M( Q1, Q3) was 6(3, 9) weeks; the repair time of airway scar stenosis was 2 to 73 weeks, and M( Q1, Q3) was 14(10, 19) weeks; after treatment, there were 90.5%(201/222) patients with different degrees of scarring in the airways. Cox multiple analysis showed that the risk factor for the disappearance time of airway necrosis was tough tough necrosis ( HR=1.52, 95% CI: 1.10-2.10); the risk factor for the repair time of airway scar stenosis was the disappearance time of airway necrosis 6-9 weeks ( HR=2.73, 95% CI: 1.84-4.05). Conclusions:90.5% of patients with type Ⅱ TBTB developed airway scar stenosis after treatment. The median time for the disappearance of airway necrosis was 6 weeks, and the median time for the repair time of airway scar stenosis was 14 weeks. In the interventional process, attention should be paid to the removal of tough necrosis and the efficiency of necrosis removal to reduce the risk of airway scar stenosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 423-427, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of Xingnaojing injection combined with insulin pump in treatment of severe craniocerebral injury (STBI) complicated with diabetes mellitus.Methods:Data of 102 patients with STBI combined with diabetes mellitus admitted from Jan. 2017 to Jan. 2020 in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit of Yantaishan Hospital were prospectively analyzed. Their average age was (48.27±4.20) years. They were randomly divided into group A (34 cases, treated with simple decompression) , group B (34 cases, treated with insulin pump combined decompression) and group C (34 cases, treated with Xingnaojing injection and insulin pump combined decompression) . Fasting blood glucose (FPG) , 2 h postprandial blood glucose level (2 h PG) , interleukin 2 (IL-2) , interleukin 6 (IL-6) , serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs CRP) and glasgow coma scale (GCS) was different, and the incidence of adverse reactions was recorded. SPSS 23.0 statistical software was used for data processing. The measurement data were mean±standard deviation, and t test was used; the counting data were expressed in (%) and χ 2 inspection was used. Results:After treatment, there was no significant difference in 2 h PG, FPG, IL-2, IL-6, hs CRP or GCS scores between group A and group B ( P>0.05) . After treatment, the levels of 2 h PG and FPG were (8.89±1.74) mmol/L and (7.53±1.59) mmol/L in group C, (7.30±1.62) mmol/L and (6.25±1.50) mmol/L in group A, (7.32±1.64) mmol/L and (6.29±1.56) mmol/L in group B. The levels in group C were higher than those in group A and group B ( P<0.05) . The levels of IL-2, IL-6 and hs CRP in group C were (792.74±86.58) ng/L, (8.82±1.73) ng/L and (7.95±1.44) mg/L respectively. The three indexes were (880.85±90.29) ng/L, (13.85±2.20) ng/L and (14.02±2.28) mg/L respectively in group A; (875.37±89.72) ng/L, (13.34±2.18) ng/L, and (13.37±2.26) mg/L respectively in group B. Group C was lower than group A and group B ( P<0.05) . The GCS score of group C was 11.45±2.23 (points) , and that of group A and group B were 8.09±1.52 (points) and 8.73±1.56 (points) respectively. Group C was higher than that of group A and group B ( P<0.05) . Compared with group A and group B, the incidence of adverse reactions in group C was lower, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05) . Conclusion:Xingnaojing injection and insulin pump combined with decompression are of great significance in reducing adverse reactions and improving the safety of clinical treatment.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 669-678, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876532

ABSTRACT

The inflammatory response is an essential role of innate immune cells such as neutrophils, which plays an important role in the occurrence and development of inflammatory diseases. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are responsible for killing microorganisms and inducing the inflammatory response. We review the function of NETs in inflammatory diseases based on research publications since 2016. In addition, the ability of drugs that target NETs to ameliorate inflammation-related diseases is summarized. This review suggests a new strategy of targeting NETs for the treatment of inflammation-related diseases.

18.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 545-548, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885362

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 outbreak,the fever sentinel clinics were set up in Shanghai community health service institutions, based on the experience of Public Health Preparedness Clinic (PHPC) in Singapore. It is a successful case of rapidly transforming existing medical resources into the emergent use for epidemic prevention and control. This article summarizes the necessity and feasibility of setting up a fever sentinel clinic; the functional orientation, hardware and software configuration and operation mechanism of the fever sentinel clinic in different periods according to the operation results. Meantime, the article also proposes suggestions for future improvement of establishing fever sentinel clinic in different regions in China.

19.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 113-116, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882518

ABSTRACT

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) accounts for more than 90% of the confirmed cases of esophageal cancer in Asia, and the degree of malignancy is high. There is a growing number of research on ESCC immunotherapy, particularly programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1). Among them, the most studied PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in ESCC are nivolumab, pembrolizumab, camrelizumab, toripalimab, tislelizumab, atozolizumab, SHR-1316 and durvalumab. Some of the clinical trials of these drugs are still in progress, and some have initially shown good results.

20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 648-651, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826678

ABSTRACT

On the base of the relevant theories on disease identification of western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine, professor - has made the differentiation of cranial tinnitus and proposes the intervention measures. The location of disease is identified firstly. Secondly, the deficiency is distinguished from the excess, and the involved organs are determined as well. In view of the holistic idea and in combination of meridian differentiation of acupuncture-moxibustion, the principle of treatment is proposed, named "regulating , harmonizing blood circulation, clearing office and tranquilizing the mind". In treatment, the disease is treated individually. According to the involved location of onset and the related meridian running course, acupuncture-moxibustion therapy is exerted, in which, the local acupoints are combined with the distal ones. Additionally, electroacupuncture is used flexibly. The appropriate electric wave and frequency are selected in consideration of the syndromes/patterns of disease so as to optimize the regimen of acupuncture-moxibustion therapy. All of the approaches aforementioned provide the reference to clinical treatment of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Moxibustion , Tinnitus , Therapeutics
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