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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To present one patient initially diagnosed with dermatomyositis(DM) who was eventually revealed to be diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) complicated with hemophagocytic syndrome(HPS), and to improve the understanding of the disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, diagnostic approach, treatment of the patient were retrospectively analyzed, and some related literatures were reviewed.@*RESULTS@#A 52-year-old female patient suffered from muscle weakness, elevated serum creatine kinase activity, electromyography changes and characteristic skin rashes and diagnosed as DM. The patient was treated with glucocorticoid therapy and the muscle strength, skin rashes, and creatine kinas index turns into remission. Subsequently, subcutaneous nodules appeared during treatment, and the patient was confirmed as DLBCL based on pathological biopsy; And the patient was considered HPS because of presenting with repeated fever, splenomegaly, cytopenias, hypofibrinogenemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperferritinemia, high levels of sCD25, low NK-cell activity and hemophagocytosis in bone marrow. But the patient refused chemotherapy, and only treated with "DXM+VP-16" to control hemophagocytic syndrome, and unfortunately died due to the disease progression.@*CONCLUSION@#Cutaneous involvement in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and hemophagocytic syndrome patients with first presentation of dermatomyositis is relatively rare. Malignacy screening should be performed as soon as possible after newly diagnosed DM, so that the patient can get early diagnosis and effective treatment to improve survival rate.


Subject(s)
Dermatomyositis/complications , Etoposide , Female , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/complications , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 369-379, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775618

ABSTRACT

In recent years, research on immunotherapy has made great progress. Currently, immunotherapy has made significant breakthrough, especially programmed death 1/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) checkpoint inhibitors (e.g, Nivolumab, Pembrolizumab, Atezolizumab, Durvalumab and Avelumab, etc.) have brought clinical benefits to patients with various pathological types of lung cancer, including squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and small cell lung cancer. In this paper, the application value and current status of PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors in lung cancer were comprehensively analyzed by reviewing and interpreting representative clinical studies. Based on the results of various large-scale clinical trials results, the indications of immunotherapy in lung cancer have been continuously broadened, and the details of immunotherapy have also been constantly optimized. However, immunotherapy still faces many challenges, such as the selection of immune combination strategies, the exploration of biomarkers, the management of adverse events, the feasibility of application of driver gene mutation population and so on. In this article, we made a systematic review about the latest progress of PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors in lung cancer, in order to provide cutting-edge reference for the clinical workers.
.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological , Therapeutic Uses , B7-H1 Antigen , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Genetics , Metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781709

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of genetic and environmental factors on aggressive behavior in twin children, and to provide clues for further exploring the causal relationship between such factors and aggressive behavior.@*METHODS@#A questionnaire was used to investigate aggressive behavior, temperament type and parenting style among 261 twin children aged 4-12.8 years. The Holzinger method and the maximum likelihood method were used to construct a structural equation model for the estimation of heritability. Binary logistic regression analysis, multivariate linear regression analysis and general linear model analysis were used to analyze the association between aggressive behavior and environmental factors in twin children.@*RESULTS@#The heritability of aggressive behavior was 44.4% in twin children and the score of aggressive behavior showed moderate heritability (60.9% in boys and 65.6% in girls). The multivariate analysis showed that the score of aggressive behavior in twin children was affected by the mother's emotional warmth/understanding, the mother's punishment/severity and the father's overprotection (P<0.05). There was an interaction between the mother's emotional warmth/understanding and the father's overprotection (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both genetic and environmental factors have influence on children's aggressive behavior, and parenting style is the main environmental factor affecting the aggressive behavior of twin children.


Subject(s)
Child , Child Behavior , Child, Preschool , Fathers , Female , Humans , Male , Mothers , Parenting , Surveys and Questionnaires , Twins
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether the therapeutic effect of Dahuang Mudan Tang on septic acute intestinal dysfunction in sepsis ratsis related to the regulation of expression of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1(TREM-1). Method:Totally 100 male SD rats were injected intraperitoneally with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at a dose of 4.5 mg·kg-1 to build sepsis model. The sepsis model rats were randomly divided into five groups:model group, glutamine group (3.75 g·kg-1),low,medium, high-dose Dahuang Mudan Tang group(7.5,15,30 g·kg-1),and another 10 normal rats were selected as normal group. Seven days later,2 mL suspension (100 mg lactulose and 50 mg mannitol) was orally administrated by gavage, and 24 h urinewas collected. The ratio of lactulose to mannitol in urine (L/M) was detected by HPLC with pulsed electrochemical detection (HPLC-PED).Serum citrulline concentrationsin blood and ileum were determined by HPLC.Enzyme linked immunesorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the concentrations of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1(TREM-1),tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),intestinal fatty acid binding protein(iFABP) and D-lactic acid.Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of TREM-1,Toll-like receptors2(TLR2),Toll-like receptors 4(TLR4),myeloid cell differentiation protein(MyD88),nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB).Electron microscopy was used to observe the pathological changes of intestinal mucosa injury. Result:Compared with normal group, the serum concentrations of TREM-1,TNF-α,iFABP, D-lactate; the ratio of lactulose to mannitol in urine (L/M)and the expressions of TREM-1,TLR2,TLR4,MyD88,NF-κB mRNA in model group were increased obviously(PPPPPκB mRNA,and the serum concentrations of TREM-1 and TNF-α in all medication administration groups were decreased obviously(PD-lactate, L/M, the Chiu scorein glutamine group, medium-dose Dahuang Mudan Tang group and high-dose Dahuang Mudan Tang group were decreased obviously(PPPConclusion:Dahuang Mudan Tang can effectively treat SAID in rats, and its mechanism may be realized by regulating the expression of TREM-1 and relieving intestinal inflammation of intestinal tract.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798113

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application value of interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) combined with tuberculin skin test (TST) in diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection.@*Methods@#One hundred and ten patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (observation group) and 80 healthy persons (control group) in Hebei Chest Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected. Among the 110 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, intraocular tuberculosis was in 35 cases, and latent tuberculosis infection was in 75 cases. All the patients were examined by ocular secretions IGRA and TST.@*Results@#The positive rates of IGRA and TST in observation group were significantly higher than those in control group: 88.18% (97/110) vs. 11.25% (9/80) and 83.64% (92/110) vs. 41.25% (33/80), and there were statistical differences (χ2 = 113.138 and 36.971, P<0.01). The positive rate of IGRA in patients with intraocular tuberculosis was significantly higher than that in latent tuberculosis infection: 97.14% (34/35) vs. 84.00% (63/75), and there was statistical difference (χ2 = 3.955, P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the positive rate of TST between the patients with intraocular tuberculosis and patients with latent tuberculosis infection: 91.43% (32/35) vs. 80.00% (60/75), χ2 = 2.277, P>0.05. The consistency rate of IGRA and TST was 89.90% (Kappa = 0.867, P>0.05). The sensitivity of IGRA combined with TST was significantly higher than the single detection of IGRA and TST (97.83% vs. 88.18% and 83.64%), while the specificity of IGRA combined with TST was significantly lower than the single detection of IGRA and TST (61.11% vs. 92.31% and 83.33%), and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis result showed that the area under curve of IGRA in diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection was 0.781, area under curve of TST was 0.604, and area under curve of IGRA combined with TST was 0.679.@*Conclusions@#IGRA has high value in the diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection, and can be used as a diagnostic means of intraocular tuberculosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753349

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) combined with tuberculin skin test (TST) in diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection. Methods One hundred and ten patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (observation group) and 80 healthy persons (control group) in Hebei Chest Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected. Among the 110 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, intraocular tuberculosis was in 35 cases, and latent tuberculosis infection was in 75 cases. All the patients were examined by ocular secretions IGRA and TST. Results The positive rates of IGRA and TST in observation group were significantly higher than those in control group: 88.18% (97/110) vs. 11.25% (9/80) and 83.64% (92/110) vs. 41.25% (33/80), and there were statistical differences (χ2=113.138 and 36.971, P﹤0.01). The positive rate of IGRA in patients with intraocular tuberculosis was significantly higher than that in latent tuberculosis infection: 97.14% (34/35) vs. 84.00% (63/75), and there was statistical difference (χ2=3.955, P﹤0.05). There was no statistical difference in the positive rate of TST between the patients with intraocular tuberculosis and patients with latent tuberculosis infection: 91.43% (32/35) vs. 80.00% (60/75), χ2 = 2.277, P>0.05. The consistency rate of IGRA and TST was 89.90% (Kappa=0.867, P>0.05). The sensitivity of IGRA combined with TST was significantly higher than the single detection of IGRA and TST (97.83% vs. 88.18% and 83.64% ), while the specificity of IGRA combined with TST was significantly lower than the single detection of IGRA and TST (61.11% vs. 92.31% and 83.33% ), and there were statistical differences (P﹤0.05). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis result showed that the area under curve of IGRA in diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection was 0.781, area under curve of TST was 0.604, and area under curve of IGRA combined with TST was 0.679. Conclusions IGRA has high value in the diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection, and can be used as a diagnostic means of intraocular tuberculosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771557

ABSTRACT

The chemical consituents from the stems and leaves of Psychotria serpens were separated and purified by column chromatographies with silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and PR-HPLC. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectroscopic analyses, as well as comparisons with the data reported in literature. 18 compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of P. serpens, which were identified as chrysin(1), acacetin(2), genkwanin(3), chrysoeriol(4), rhamnocitrin(5), isorhamnetin(6), tricin(7), jaceosidin(8), dillenetin(9), kumatakenin(10), ayanin(11), isosakuranetin(12), eriodictyol(13), homoeriodictyol(14), taxifolin(15), pomonic acid(16), fupenzic acid(17) and euscaphic acid(18). All compounds were isolated from the genus Psychotria for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Leaves , Plant Stems , Psychotria
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698533

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In 1990, Wolff et al. reported that DNA was examined as a gene therapy tool, and emerged as a promising therapy after observations that simple injection of naked plasmid DNA and RNA led to profound transgene expression in vivo.DNA vaccines are recognized for harboring several distinguishing characteristics and advantages (including low cost, ease and rapidity of manufacturing, and stability) making them a method for addressing global health threats in the future. OBJECTIVE: To review the status and research progress of DNA vaccines in the view of mechanism of action: innate immune signaling from bacterial DNA, transfecting somatic cell by DNA vaccines, cross-presentation and cross-activation, transfecting antigen presenting cells by DNA vaccines, and apoptosis. METHODS: The first author retrieved the databases of PubMed and CNKI for the articles concerning DNA vaccines published between January 2000 and June 2017 using the keywords of "DNA vaccine, gene vaccine, plasmid DNA, cross-presentation, transfection, apoptosis"in English and Chinese, respectively. A total of 105 literatures were searched, and 47 eligible articles were included in accordance with the inclusion criteria. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The immunogenicity of DNA vaccines in humans has been limited by low expression levels of antigen, in comparison with the conventional protein vaccines in the past two decades. Studies on the mechanism of action of DNA vaccines in terms of antigen-presenting cell types able to cross-present DNA-encoded antigens, the activation of innate immune responses due to DNA itself and induction of cell apoptosis have suggested the opportunities to increase the immunogenicity of these vaccines.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 434-436, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709277

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of abdominal Bevacizumab combined with hyperthermia chemotherapy on serum transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-β1) and macrophage migration-inhibitory factor (MIF) levels in elderly patients with ovarian cancer.Methods A hundred elderly patients diagnosed with ovarian cancer from December 2011 to December 2014 at our hospital were recruited.Participants were assigned into a joint therapy group (n =50) and a thermal therapy group (n =50) according to the received treatment.Both groups were given the abdominal hyperthermia chemotherapy treatment,while the joint therapy group was additionally given Bevacizumab treatment.The effectiveness of treatment,adverse reactions,pre-and post-treatment serum TGF-β1 and MIF levels,and the 2-year survival situation in all participants were collected and analyzed.Results The therapeutic response rate and 2-year survival rate in the joint therapy group (64.0% and 60.0%) were significantly higher than those in the thermal therapy group (44.0% and 40.0%) (both P < 0.05).There were statistically significant differences between pre-and posttreatment levels of serum TGF-β1 [(346.15 ± 35.15) ng/L vs.(201.46 ± 23.75) ng/L] and MIF [(46.32±5.16)μg/L vs.(13.48±2.45)μg/L] in the thermal therapy group,and of serum TGF-β1 [(342.26±35.01) ng/L vs.(167.52±20.26) ng/L] and MIF [(46.97±5.24)μg/L vs.(4.87±1.02)μg/L] in the joint therapy group,with greater reductions observed in the joint therapy group (P<0.05).No significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions was found between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions Abdominal Bevacizumab combined with hyperthermia chemotherapy can effectively decrease the levels of serum TGF-β1 and MIF in elderly patients with ovarian cancer and achieve improved short-term and long-term effectiveness with good safety.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737212

ABSTRACT

Based on the outpatient interview and literature review,the initial framework of the outpatient experience of human caring scale was formed with 9 dimensions of outpatient process.The research aim was to improve the scale by Delphi method.Sixteen experts in medical management,human caring or medical education were invited to evaluate the importance of the dimensions and items of the scale and provided some expertise via filling out the Delphi consultation questionnaires twice in the consulting round.In the first round,the recovery rate showing the experts' positivity was 80%;the coefficient of reliability (Cr) ascertaining the authority of the evaluation was 0.92;the mean and full mark ratios responding the concentration of the evaluation were 2.88-4.94 and 6.25%-93.75% respectively;the coefficients of variation (CV) and the Kendall's W determining the concordance of the evaluation were 5.06%-52.15% and 0.21-0.24 respectively.In the second round,the recovery rate was 93.75%;the Cr was 0.93;the mean was 3.93-4.93;the full mark ratios were 26.67%-93.33%;the Kendall's W was 0.14-0.31,the CV was 5.25%-23.61%.Via the two-round Delphi study,the scale that included 10 dimensions and 61 items has been improved.Ten dimensions are pre-hospital medical service,guidance,registration,waiting,diagnosis & treatment,paying,inspection & assay,medicine receiving,therapy/injection/transfusion and global evaluation.It was concluded that Chinese scholars have paid high attention to human caring and outpatient experience.The experts have given high agreements about the dimensions which were established with Chinese outpatient process.The dimensions are different from the similar researches about outpatient experience study.In the future,it is necessary to survey the outpatients to test the construct validity,internal consistency reliability and others of the scale to improve the scale.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735744

ABSTRACT

Based on the outpatient interview and literature review,the initial framework of the outpatient experience of human caring scale was formed with 9 dimensions of outpatient process.The research aim was to improve the scale by Delphi method.Sixteen experts in medical management,human caring or medical education were invited to evaluate the importance of the dimensions and items of the scale and provided some expertise via filling out the Delphi consultation questionnaires twice in the consulting round.In the first round,the recovery rate showing the experts' positivity was 80%;the coefficient of reliability (Cr) ascertaining the authority of the evaluation was 0.92;the mean and full mark ratios responding the concentration of the evaluation were 2.88-4.94 and 6.25%-93.75% respectively;the coefficients of variation (CV) and the Kendall's W determining the concordance of the evaluation were 5.06%-52.15% and 0.21-0.24 respectively.In the second round,the recovery rate was 93.75%;the Cr was 0.93;the mean was 3.93-4.93;the full mark ratios were 26.67%-93.33%;the Kendall's W was 0.14-0.31,the CV was 5.25%-23.61%.Via the two-round Delphi study,the scale that included 10 dimensions and 61 items has been improved.Ten dimensions are pre-hospital medical service,guidance,registration,waiting,diagnosis & treatment,paying,inspection & assay,medicine receiving,therapy/injection/transfusion and global evaluation.It was concluded that Chinese scholars have paid high attention to human caring and outpatient experience.The experts have given high agreements about the dimensions which were established with Chinese outpatient process.The dimensions are different from the similar researches about outpatient experience study.In the future,it is necessary to survey the outpatients to test the construct validity,internal consistency reliability and others of the scale to improve the scale.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275158

ABSTRACT

Quorum sensing of bacteria and its specific gene expression regulation have a very important role in bacterial biofilm formation. LuxS and agr are the key regulatory genes in quorum sensing of Staphylococcus epidermidis, and RNA Ⅲ is the effector molecule of agr system. In order to evaluate the effects of sodium houttuyfonate in combination with erythromycin on the transcription level of S. epidermidis, serial dilution method was used to determine the MIC of sodium houttuyfonate, erythromycin and vancomycin on S. epidermidis, and fluorescent quantitative PCR method was used to detect the transcription levels of luxS, agr/RNAⅢ in different time periods after treatment on S. epidermidis by sodium houttuyfonate in combination with erythromycin, vancomycin, and erythromycin alone. Our results showed that in treatment by 1/2MIC, 1/4MIC sodium houttuyfonate, 1/2MIC sodium houttuyfonate +1/2MIC erythromycin, 1/4MIC sodium houttuyfonate+1/4MIC erythromycin, and 1/8MIC sodium houttuyfonate+1/8MIC erythromycin for ATCC 35984, they could rapidly up-regulate the expression of luxS of S. epidermidis from the beginning as compared with negative control, with significant differences (P<0.05); furthermore, sodium houttuyfonate can still up-regulate the expression of luxS even after treatment for 6, 12 and 48 h. Sodium houttuyfonate in MIC and 1/2MIC concentration can significantly down-regulate the expression of agr (P<0.05); 1/2MIC sodium houttuyfonate+1/2MIC erythromycin, 1/4MIC sodium houttuyfonate+1/4MIC erythromycin, can also significantly down-regulate the expression of agr in 6 h, 12 h and 24 h(P<0.05). Sodium houttuyfonate in MIC, can significantly down-regulate the expression of RNA Ⅲ (P<0.05), and 1/2MIC sodium houttuyfonate+1/2MIC erythromycin can also significantly down-regulate the expression of RNAⅢ(P<0.05). Therefore, our presented results showed that sodium houttuyfonate in combination with erythromycin can rapidly up-regulate the transcription of luxS of S. epidermidis, and can down-regulate the expression of agr/RNA Ⅲ in certain concentrations, and suggested that sodium houttuyfonate in combination of erythromycin could inhibit mutual aggregation between S. epidermidis and biofilm bacteria, inhibit membrane nutrition and formation of water transport channels, prevent separation of bacterial cells in biofilm, and inhibit the formation of bacterial exotoxin of S. epidermidis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261201

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of rs4274224 polymorphisms in the DRD2 gene, family factors and their interaction on the regularity in school-age children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The rs4274224 polymorphisms were genotyped using Sequenom Mass Array. The regularity was assessed based on the Middle Childhood Temperament Questionnaire (MCTQ). The parental rearing pattern was assessed with Egna Minnen av Bardnodnauppforstran (EMBU). The family function was assessed using Family Cohesion and Adaptability Scale (FACES II-CV).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The regularity score in children with AA genotype of rs4274224 in the DRD2 gene was significantly lower than in those with GA/GG genotype (2.9±0.6 vs 3.1±0.7; P<0.05). The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the regularity was related to child gender, father's education level and family adaptability. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that the main factors influencing the regularity were family adaptability and its interaction with rs4274224 polymorphisms. The regularity was better in children with high family adaptability than in those with low family adaptability (OR=0.112, P<0.01). The children with AA genotype and low family adaptability were tend to be associated with low regularity (OR=21.554, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The regularity based the temperament for school-age children might be influenced by family adaptability and its interaction with rs4274224 polymorphisms.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, Dopamine D2 , Genetics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Temperament
14.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 59(spe): e16160548, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-796858

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In order to establish an optimal soybean embryonic tip regeneration system that can serve as soybean genetic transformation receptor, and be used for the study of genetic function verification, the influences of single factor on the adventitious bud of embryonic tip induction, elongation and rooting stage, are researched and compared.The single factors includes seeds soaking time, different kinds of hormones, different concentration of hormone and different concentration of sucrose. By one-way ANOVA and LSD ad hoc test , the results show that, for the embryonic tip adventitious bud induction stage, 12h is the optimal seeds soaking time, 2.0mg·L-1 is the optimal concentration of 6-Benzyl Aminopurine(6-BA), for the embryonic tip adventitious bud elongation stage, 0.2mg·L-1 indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) is optimal and 2.0mg·L-1Gibberellic acid (GA3) is optimal, and for the adventitious bud of embryonic tip rooting stage, 2.0mg·L-1 IBA is optimal,the average rooting rate is 93.34%. An Optimal embryonic tip regeneration system is established, and optimum mediums in different stages are found.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 487-496, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255921

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study is to explore the relationship of spatial learning ability and specific electrical activities of neural oscillations in the rat. The fast and general avoidance response groups were selected on the basis of the animals' responses to the electric shock in Y type maze, and their local field potentials (LFPs) of hippocampal CA3 area were recorded by wireless telemetry before and after shock avoidance training, respectively. The components of neural oscillations related to spatial identifying and learning ability were analyzed. The results showed that, compared with the general avoidance response group, the fast avoidance response group did not show any differences of LFPs in hippocampal CA3 area before electric shock avoidance trial, but showed significantly increased percentages of 0-10 Hz and 30-40 Hz rhythm in right hippocampal CA3 area after the shock avoidance training (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). Fast Fourier transform showed that percentage increase of 0-10 Hz band occurred mainly in θ (3-7 Hz) frequency, and 30-40 Hz frequency change was equivalent to the γ1 band. Furthermore, compared with those before training, only the percentages of β, β2 (20-30 Hz) and γ1 rhythm increased (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) in fast avoidance response rats after training, while the θ rhythm percentage remained unchanged. In contrast, θ rhythm percentage and the large amplitude (intensity: +2.5 - -2.5 db) θ waves in right CA3 area of general avoidance response rats were significantly reduced after training (P < 0.01). These results suggest that the increased percentages of β2 and γ1 rhythm and high-level (unchanged) percentage of θ rhythm in the right hippocampus CA3 area might be related to strong spatial cognition ability of fast avoidance response rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Avoidance Learning , Beta Rhythm , CA3 Region, Hippocampal , Physiology , Electroshock , Gamma Rhythm , Rats , Spatial Learning , Theta Rhythm
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346167

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the association between rs1079595 polymorphisms in the DRD2 gene and the distractibility in school-age children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The genotyping at rs1079595 was performed and the distractibility was measured based on the temperament questionnaire in 120 8-12 years old school-age children in order to analyze the effects of the rs1079595 polymorphism and its interaction with the gender, age and delivery mode on the distractibility.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was an association between the distractibility and rs1079595 polymorphisms. The distractibility score in children with GG/GT genotypes was significantly higher than in children with the TT genotype (4.3 ± 0.6 vs 4.0 ± 0.7; P<0.05). The interaction between rs1079595 polymorphisms and the delivery mode produced an effect on the distractibility. The normal delivery children with T alleles were associated with a low distractibility (OR=0.037, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The distractibility based the temperament might be influenced by the rs1079595 polymorphism and its interaction with the delivery mode in school-age children.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Delivery, Obstetric , Female , Genotype , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, Dopamine D2 , Genetics , Temperament
17.
China Oncology ; (12): 446-450, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452297

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: In recent years, more and more clinical researches on the neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast were carried out at home and abroad. Although there are quite a lot of the retrieved documents of NEBC at home and abroad, but large-scale reports are rare, besides, the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis were different;more research are needed to analyze NEBC. This paper mainly discussed the NEBC clinical diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out, 25 cases of Tumor Hospital Afifliated to Xinjiang Medical University from Jan. 2004 to Jun. 2013 were pathologically diagnosed as NEBC by clinical data and the follow-up. Results:The average age of 25 NEBC patients was 58.2 years old, without clinical and imaging characteristic features, immunohistochemistry staining showed that, the estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) positive rates were 76%and 64%. No one showed HER-2 strong positive. The follow-up was 9-115 months. Besides, 1-, 2-and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 100%, 95%and 88%, the disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 96%, 90%and 78%. Conclusion:The age of the patients with NEBC in this study was lower than the data abroad. Age, tumor size, pathological staging may be related to the prognosis of NEBC, and postoperative comprehensive treatment options need further study.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491241

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of hedysaryum polysaccharide (HPS)in the kidney function and expressions of Glut-1 mRNA and protein in kidney tissue of db/db mice with diabetic nephropathy (DN)and to elucidate its possible action mechanism.Methods 10 db/m mice were taken as normal control group(n=10);50 fueling animal model db/db mice with DN were randomly divided into model group,enalapril group and the low, middle and high doses of HPS groups(n=10).The mice in noral control group and model group were given physioloical saline by gavege;and the mice in the other groups were respectively given 10 mg·kg-1 ·d-1 enalapril, 100,200 and 400 mg·kg-1 ·d-1 HPS by gavage;lasted 8 weeks.Picric acid method was used to determine the serum creatinine(SCr)level of the mice,enzyme coupling rate method was used to determine the blood urea nitrogen (BUN)level,ELISA method was used to determine the urinary microalbumin(UMALB)level,RT-PCR method was performed to detect the expression of Glut-1 mRNA, and Western blotting and immunohistochemical methods were used to detect the expression of Glut-1 protein.Results Compared with model group,the levels of SCr, BUN, UMALB, the mRNA and protein of Glut-1 expressions were decreased, especially in 400 mg·kg-1 ·d-1 HPS and enalapril groups(P<0.01).The HE and Masson staining results showed that less inflammatory cells infiltration in glomerular of the mice were found, capillary lumens were unobstructed, and the collagen deposition was not obvious in 400 mg·kg-1 ·d-1 group.Conclusion HPS could improve the kidney function of the db/db mice and inhibit the Glut-1 mRNA and protein expressions obviously, which indicates that HPS could delay the development of DN by inhibiting the Glut-1 expression in the glomerular mesangial cell membrane.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485373

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differential gene expression in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with typical syndromes of traditional Chinese medicine ( TCM) syndromes, and to explore the relationship between TCM syndromes and gene expression. Methods Peripheral blood samples were collected from CHB patients and healthy volunteers before treatment. After total RNA of leukocytes was isolated, the gene expression profiles were detected by microarray. The expression levels of partial genes were tested by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) . Results Microarray analysis results showed that there were significant differences of gene expression between CHB patients and healthy volunteers, and among CHB patients with the syndrome of liver-qi stagnation and spleen deficiency, syndrome of damp-heat accumulation, and syndrome of liver-kidney yin deficiency. The results of gene ontology ( GO) and signal pathway analysis between the healthy control and CHB patients with various syndromes showed that the specially-regulated genes of CHB patients with liver-qi stagnation and spleen deficiency were mainly related to cytokinetic process, those in patients with dampness-heat accumulation were mainly related to the positive regulation of lipid storage, and those of patients with liver-kidney yin deficiency were mainly related to the activities of nitric oxide synthase regulator. The real time RT-PCR for partial genes presented the similar results with those of gene microarray. Conclusion There are specific expression profiles of differential genes and significant differential genes in CHB patients with the syndrome of liver-qi stagnation and spleen deficiency, syndrome of damp-heat accumulation, and syndrome of liver-kidney yin deficiency, which may be the molecular foundation for the classification of TCM syndromes of CHB patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436452

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the inhibitory effects of sub-MIC matrine alone and in combination with erythromycin on Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms and their influences on morphological changes of the biofilms.Methods Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of matrine and erythromycin against Staphylococcus epidermidis were determined by the serial dilution method,antibacterial activity of matrine combined with erythromycin against planktonic S.epidermidis was evaluated by the checkerboard method.S.epidermidis biofilms were constructed in vitro,XTT reduction assay was used to evaluate influences of sub-MIC matrine alone and in combination with erythromycin on metabolism and adhesion of S.epidermidis biofilms,and scanning electronic microscope(SEM) was applied to observe the morphological and the structural changes of the biofilms.Results The MIC of erythromycin to S.epidermidis was 7.8125 μg/ml,while the MIC of matrine was greater than 1000 μg/ml,besides,a synergistic effect between erythronmycin and matrine on planktonic S.epidermidis was shown (FIC<0.5).The sub-MIC matrine had no significant inhibitory effect on adhesion of S.epidermidis,and also the combination of the two agents was better than was used alone.However,the sub-MIC matrine had inhibitory effects on metabolism and morphology of S.epidermidis biofilms,and the combination of the two agents was weaker than was used alone.Conclusion Both the sub-MIC matrine and erythromycin had a significant inhibitory effect on S.epidermidis biofilm formation.Combination of the two agents showed synergistic effects on plankton and adhesion of S.epidermidis,but showed no synergistic effect on metabolism and morphology of the biofilms.

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