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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883569

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application method and effect of online teaching of pediatrics in undergraduate clinical medicine.Methods:From March to August, 2020, two classes of pediatrics were selected as research objects: 67 students from Batch 2016 "5+3" clinical medicine class were taught by providing recorded teaching resources and online communication and answering questions (hereinafter referred to as "recorded courses"); 39 students from Batch 2015 "5+3" clinical medicine class were taught by live courses and online communication and answering questions (hereinafter referred to as "live courses"). Through the questionnaire survey on the two groups of students, the effect of the two online teaching methods were compared and the medical students' views and suggestions on them were collected. SPSS 26.0 was used for statistical analysis.Results:Most of the students in the two groups (98.1%) agreed with the effect of the online teaching of pediatrics and thought it could meet their learning needs. There was no significant difference in the online teaching effect between recorded courses group and live courses group ( P > 0.05). However, they had a poor recognition with the implementation of complete online teaching in the future, while they preferred the combination of online teaching with practical exercises in offline hospitals. Conclusion:Online teaching of pediatrics has been recognized by medical students. The two online teaching methods have their own advantages: recorded courses are more planned and the content is more rigorous; live courses are more interactive and flexible. However, considering that medicine is a highly practical subject, it still needs to be supplemented by offline practice while giving full play to the advantages of online teaching.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the change regularity and influencing factors of subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) with age among adults.Methods:A cross-sectional study was adopted.A total of 281 Chinese adults, aged between 21 and 90, were selected from working staff and retired staff of an institution who underwent routine physical examinations from June to October 2016 in Beijing Tongren Hospital.One eye of each subject was included in the study according to the random number table method.The subjects were divided into different age groups including 21-30 years group, 31-40 years group, 41-50 years group, 51-60 years group, 61-70 years group, 71-80 years group and 81-90 years group.The SFCT was measured at the fovea and at 500 μm, 1 000 μm and 2 000 μm nasal (N) and temporal (T) to fovea by high definition-optical coherence tomography.Multiple linear regression equation was used to analyze the influence of ages, gender, intraocular pressure (IOP), spherical equivalent (SE) and retinal thickness on SFCT.This study followed the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University (No.TRECKY2016-012). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient prior to any examination.Results:Mean SFCT of eligible 229 subjects (229 eyes) was (218.73±79.69)μm.Choroid became thinner gradually towards nasal and temporal part.There were significant differences in SFCT, N2 000, N1 000, N500, T500, T1 000 and T2 000 among all age groups ( F=27.05, 22.85, 25.38, 29.11, 32.55, 29.22, 28.70, all at P<0.01). Choroidal thicknesses of all locations showed age-related linear decrease with a steep drop after 50 years old ( R2ranged 0.35-0.47, all at P<0.01). SFCT was associated with SE (β=-10.07, P<0.01) and age (β=-2.43, P<0.01) but not related with gender (β=-19.69, P=0.057), foveal thickness (β=0.02, P=0.897) or IOP (β=-0.86, P=0.466). Conclusions:SFCT shows an age related linear decrease with a steep decline after 50 years old, which was associated with aging and higher SE in myopia, but not related with gender, foveal thickness or IOP within the normal range.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882421

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is currently one of the most common malignant tumors in the world. The occurrence and development of lung cancer, especially non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), are closely related to the abnormal expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA). lncRNA with a transcript of more than 200 nucleotides is involved in chromatin modification, transcription activation, transcription interference and other regulatory processes, and has varying degrees of regulation on the proliferation, migration, and invasion of tumor cells. It is characterized by up-regulation or down-regulation of expression. At present, there are a large number of studies on lncRNA, because lncRNA has considerable application prospects in the diagnosis, clinical treatment, drug resistance research and prognosis evaluation of NSCLC. In this paper, the overview of lncRNA, the up-regulation or down-regulation of NSCLC-related lncRNA expression, NSCLC clinical treatment and drug-resistant lncRNA were summarized.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905811

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To analyze the outcome of treatment of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Shandong Province from 2013 to 2017, and to discuss the impact of the global fund's multi-drug prevention and control program (hereinafter referred to as “ the Program”) on the outcome of treatment of MDR-TB patients, so as to provide a basis for the formulation of MDR-TB prevention and control strategy in Shandong Province. Methods:Information of MDR-TB patients in Shandong Province from 2013 to 2017 was collected from the TB Management Information System, and Excel was used for statistical analysis. Descriptive analysis was conducted on the number of MDR-TB patients found, treatment rate, and successful treatment rate in the province, 5 project cities, and other non-project cities. SPSS16.0 statistical software was used for data analysis. Chi-square test was performed for comparison between rates (P<0.05). Result:The successful treatment rate in the province was the highest in 2014 (53.85%) and the lowest in 2017(22.93%), with a statistically significant difference (χ2=40.96,P<0.001). The treatment rate in the whole province increased year by year, from 66.97% to 85.06%, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=30.53,P<0.001). The successful treatment rate was above 46% every year between 2013 and 2016, and decreased to 22.93% in 2017, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=40.96,P<0.001). The proportion of lost patients increased year by year since 2014, reaching 70.95% in 2017, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=2.32,P<0.001). In 2017, the number of patients found in the five project cities was the lowest in five years. Conclusion:The result of the project has an impact on the discovery, treatment and management of MDR-TB patients in Shandong Province. There is an urgent need to pay more attention to and actively explore prevention and treatment strategies for MDR-TB at the provincial level.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 299-301, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873715

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand changes of physical fitness, among college freshmen in one college in Xi an from 2005 to 2018.@*Methods@#Body mass index (BMI), vital lung capacity and cardiorespiratory endurance test data from 47 047 freshmen from 2005 to 2018 were included and analyzed. BMI, vital lung capacity, and cardiorespiratory endurance were classified according to the National Student Physical Fitness and Health Standard. Descriptive statistics, t test was used in the data analysis.@*Results@#Mean BMI, vital lung capacity and cardiorespiratory endurance for male and female were (21.69±3.26) (20.88±2.65) kg/m 2, (4 189.87±788.57) (2 815.06±572.07) mL, (246.17±24.09) (239.97±20.23) s, respectively, all of which had significant statistical differences (t=29.48, 218.87, 28.70, P<0.05). Physical fitness indicators showed significant differences over the years (F=104.82, 185.43, 40 891.99, P<0.05). Mean BMI and vital lung capacity in male and female freshmen showed nonlinear increase trend across the past 14 years, while endurance showed a "V"shaped change with a significant inflection point in the year of 2009.@*Conclusion@#From 2005 to 2018, BMI and vital lung capacity showed an upward trend, and cardiorespiratory endurance quality continued to decline since 2009 among college freshmen.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890374

ABSTRACT

BackgroundGenetic interactions are known to play an important role in the missing heritability problem for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Interactions between enhancers and their target genes play important roles in gene regulation and disease pathogenesis. In the present study, we aimed to identify genetic interactions between enhancers and their target genes associated with T2DM.MethodsWe performed genetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes for T2DM in 2,696 T2DM patients and 3,548 controls of European ancestry. A linear regression model was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) pairs that could affect the expression of the protein-coding genes. Differential expression analyses were used to identify differentially expressed susceptibility genes in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.ResultsWe identified one SNP pair, rs4947941×rs7785013, significantly associated with T2DM (combined P=4.84×10−10). The SNP rs4947941 was annotated as an enhancer, and rs7785013 was located in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. This SNP pair was significantly associated with EGFR expression in the pancreas (P=0.033), and the minor allele “A” of rs7785013 decreased EGFR gene expression and the risk of T2DM with an increase in the dosage of “T” of rs4947941. EGFR expression was significantly upregulated in T2DM patients, which was consistent with the effect of rs4947941×rs7785013 on T2DM and EGFR expression. A functional validation study using the Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) database showed that EGFR was associated with diabetes-relevant phenotypes.ConclusionGenetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes suggested that EGFR may be a novel susceptibility gene for T2DM.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862734

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the influencing factors of stroke symptoms in middle-aged and elderly patients with hypertension in the community, and to provide reference for the prevention and control of stroke. Methods A total of 410 cases of middle-aged and elderly hypertensive patients registered in community health service centers (or health centers) were randomly selected from 2 administrative regions of Wuhan to conduct a unified questionnaire survey. Chi-square test, analysis of variance and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of stroke symptoms in hypertensive patients. Results Of 31.83% the study subjects had stroke symptoms. The analysis of the results showed that high monthly per capital household income, adequate fruit intake and high level of dietary knowledge were protective factors for stroke symptoms in middle-aged and elderly patients with hypertension. Hypertension complications, annual medical check-ups in the hospital and a history of stroke / heart disease in immediate family members were risk factors for stroke symptoms. Conclusion Improving the health awareness of middle-aged and elderly people, vigorously promoting health education and raising the level of social security for low-income groups can reduce the risk of stroke in middle-aged and elderly patients with hypertension.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913811

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study assessed the correlation between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) biomarkers and the eighth American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system and the prognostic values of IgG antibodies against replication and transcription activator (Rta-IgG), IgA antibodies against Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1, and BamH1 Z transactivator (Zta-IgA) in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Serum EBV antibody levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 435 newly diagnosed stage III-IVA NPC patients administered intensity-modulated radiation therapy±chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). @*Results@#Rta-IgG and Zta-IgA levels were positively correlated with the N category and clinical stage. Patients with high Rta-IgG levels (> 29.07 U/mL) showed a significantly inferior prognosis as indicated by PFS (77% vs. 89.8%, p=0.004), distant metastasis–free survival (DMFS) (88.3% vs. 95.8%, p=0.021), and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) (91.2% vs. 98.3%, p=0.009). High Rta-IgG levels were also significantly associated with inferior PFS and LRFS in multivariable analyses. In the low-level EBV DNA group (≤ 1,500 copies/mL), patients with high Rta-IgG levels had significantly inferior PFS and DMFS (both p < 0.05). However, in the high-level EBV DNA group, Rta-IgG levels were not significantly associated with PFS, DMFS, and LRFS. In the advanced T category (T3-4) subgroup, high Rta-IgG levels were also significantly associated with inferior PFS, DMFS, and LRFS (both p < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Rta-IgG and Zta-IgA levels were strongly correlated with the TNM classification. Rta-IgG level was a negative prognostic factor in locoregionally advanced NPC patients, especially those with advanced T category or low EBV DNA level.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910037

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the short-term outcomes of femoral neck system (FNS) and dynamic hip screw (DHS) in the treatment of femoral neck fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the 105 patients with fresh femoral neck fracture who had been treated by FNS fixation from September 2019 to October 2020 or by DHS fixation from January 2018 to October 2020 at Department of Orthopaedics, The Third Hospital Affiliated to Peking University. In the FNS group of 54 cases, there were 18 males and 36 females with a mean age of (60.7±15.2) years; in the DHS group of 51 cases, there were 14 males and 37 females with a mean age of (63.3±13.2) years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of hospital stay, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, qualify of reduction, and femoral neck shortening length, Harris hip score and complications at the last follow-up.Results:The 2 groups were comparable due to insignificant differences in their preoperative general data or follow-up time ( P>0.05). In the FNS group, the median operation time [45.0 (40.0, 59.0) min], intraoperative blood loss [30.0 (20.0, 50.0) mL], incision length [4.0 (4.0, 5.0) cm], intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency [10.5 (9.0, 12.0) times] and hospital stay [2.0 (2.0, 4.0) d] were significantly superior to those in the DHS group [72.0 (55.0, 89.0) min, 50.0 (30.0, 50.0) mL, 7.0 (6.0, 8.0) cm, 18.0 (15.0, 19.0) times, and 3.0 (3.0, 6.0) d] (all P<0.05). There were no statistical differences between the 2 groups in quality of reduction, length of femoral neck shortening, failure rate of internal fixation or Harris hip score at the last follow-up ( P>0.05). There were no such surgical complications as deep infection or femoral head necrosis in either of the 2 groups. Conclusions:In the fixation of femoral neck fractures, both FNS and DHS may lead to fine short-term outcomes. However, compared with DHS, FNS exhibits advantages of simplicity, minimal invasion, less surgical trauma and intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, and reduced operation time and hospital stay.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) in extremely preterm infants (EPI).Method:From July 2017 to April 2020, EPI (gestational age <28 weeks) admitted to the Department of Neonatology of our hospital were included and analyzed retrospectively. According to whether hsPDA existed or not, the infants were assigned into non-hsPDA group and hsPDA group. Demographic findings and possible risk factors of hsPDA were collected.The cumulative fluid overload (FO) within 3 days after birth was calculated. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to determine the risk factors of hsPDA.Result:A total of 79 infants with gestational age of (27.0±0.9) weeks and birth weight of (987±173)g were enrolled, including 23 cases in non-hsPDA group and 56 cases in hsPDA group. Univariate analysis showed that thrombocytopenia ( P=0.044), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with pulmonary surfactant (PS) ( P=0.006) and high FO level ( P=0.002) were associated with hsPDA. Multivariate analysis showed that RDS treated with PS ( OR=5.933, 95% CI 1.360~25.883, P=0.018) and high FO level ( OR=1.261, 95% CI 1.063~1.496, P=0.008) were independent risk factors for hsPDA in EPIs. ROC curve analysis showed that the cut-off value of FO was -0.2%, with 85.7% sensitivity and 56.5% specificity distinguishing the presence of hsPDA (AUC=0.712, Youden index=0.422). Conclusion:High level of FO within the first 3 days of life and RDS treated with PS are independent risk factors for hsPDA in EPI. After PS treatment, hemodynamic changes of infants with RDS should be monitored closely. During early fluid management of EPI, FO should be strictly monitored to avoid high FO level.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907332

ABSTRACT

Acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion (AIS-LVO) refers to ischemic stroke caused by large vessel occlusion of internal carotid artery, middle cerebral artery and vertebrobasilar artery, which has the characteristics of large infarct, relatively poor outcome, higher disability and mortality. Therefore, early vascular recanalization and rescue of ischemic penumbra are the key to improve the outcome of patients with AIS-LVO. Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has a definite effect on AIS-LVO. The current guidelines recommend that MT should be performed on the basis of IVT for AIS-LVO patients without contraindications of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), the so-called bridging therapy. IVT can increase the risk of bleeding to a certain extent, delay MT and increase the cost of hospitalization. However, there are still many controversies about whether the patients with AIS-LVO can directly perform MT. This article reviews the comparative study of direct MT and bridging therapy in patients with anterior circulation AIS-LVO, hoping to provide reference for clinicians in the treatment of AIS-LVO.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3300-3312, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906838

ABSTRACT

Single cell "omics" technology enables the capture of genome, transcriptome, proteome and other omics information in a high-throughput and unbiased manner at single-cell resolution, allowing the characterization of the functional state of individual cells to reveal their heterogeneity and differential responses to drug treatment. This technology has wide application in pharmacological research, facilitating drug screening, efficacy evaluation, and mechanistic studies. We envision that, in the field of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), single cell omics technology can be applied in the identification of active ingredients and drug targets, and elucidation of drug mechanism of action. In this article, we briefly introduce the single cell omics technology - particularly single cell transcriptome sequencing, and review its application in the field of modern drug research. Based on that, we propose the concept of "single cell pharmacology" and articulate how it can be applied to transform the pharmacological research of TCM and promote TCM modernization.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906235

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect and related mechanism of Fuyou granule on danazol-induced precocious puberty model in rats. Method:Totally 21 cages of SD female rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Leuprorelin(0.1 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and Fuyou mixture group(37.9 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose, mid-dose and low dose Fuyou granule<italic> </italic>groups(17.0,8.5,4.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). Rats at 5 days of age were given a single subcutaneous injection of 300 μg danazol to establish the precocious puberty model. After 10 days of modeling, drug intervention was started. Vaginal opening was examined at the age of 20 days, and the gonadal development was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The levels of serum luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol (E<sub>2</sub>) were determined by radioimmunoassay. The mRNA expressions of hypothalamic gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), Kiss-1, G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54) were detected by Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the expression of GnRH cells in the hypothalamus was detected by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the normal group, the vaginal opening of the model group was significantly earlier, and the uterus and ovarian coefficients were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), indicating that the danazol-induced precocious puberty model was successfully established. The expression levels of GnRH, Kiss-1, and GPR54 also increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), indicating that the danazol model can activate the HPG axis in advance, thereby inducing precocious puberty<bold>. </bold>Compared with the model group, the mid-dose Fuyou granule group significantly delayed the time of vaginal opening (<italic>P</italic><0.01), high-dose Fuyou granule group<italic> </italic>significantly reduced uterine wall thickness and uterine coefficient (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), mid-dose group reduced ovarian coefficient and uterine wall thickness (<italic>P</italic><0.05). All the three dosage groups of Fuyou granule significantly reduced the content of serum hormones E<sub>2</sub>, LH and FSH (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), reduced the expression levels of hypothalamic GnRH, Kiss-1 and GPR54 mRNA (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and decreased the expression of GnRH cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Fuyou granule can achieve therapeutic precocity by regulating the Kiss-1/GPR54 system and down-regulating the expression of GnRH to inhibit the activation of the HPG axis.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898078

ABSTRACT

BackgroundGenetic interactions are known to play an important role in the missing heritability problem for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Interactions between enhancers and their target genes play important roles in gene regulation and disease pathogenesis. In the present study, we aimed to identify genetic interactions between enhancers and their target genes associated with T2DM.MethodsWe performed genetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes for T2DM in 2,696 T2DM patients and 3,548 controls of European ancestry. A linear regression model was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) pairs that could affect the expression of the protein-coding genes. Differential expression analyses were used to identify differentially expressed susceptibility genes in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.ResultsWe identified one SNP pair, rs4947941×rs7785013, significantly associated with T2DM (combined P=4.84×10−10). The SNP rs4947941 was annotated as an enhancer, and rs7785013 was located in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. This SNP pair was significantly associated with EGFR expression in the pancreas (P=0.033), and the minor allele “A” of rs7785013 decreased EGFR gene expression and the risk of T2DM with an increase in the dosage of “T” of rs4947941. EGFR expression was significantly upregulated in T2DM patients, which was consistent with the effect of rs4947941×rs7785013 on T2DM and EGFR expression. A functional validation study using the Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) database showed that EGFR was associated with diabetes-relevant phenotypes.ConclusionGenetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes suggested that EGFR may be a novel susceptibility gene for T2DM.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921763

ABSTRACT

Based on the defects in powder properties of the contents of Ziyin Yiwei Capsules, this study screened out the main medicinal slice powders causing the poor powdery properties, and introduced the powder modification process to improve the powdery properties of these slice powders, the pharmaceutical properties of the capsule contents, and the content uniformity of Ziyin Yiwei Capsules, so as to provide a demonstration for the application of powder modification technology to the preparation of Chinese medicinal solid preparations. Through the investigation on the powder properties of the contents of Ziyin Yiwei Capsules, it was clarified that the pulverized particle size of the capsule contents had a good correlation with the pulverization time. According to the measurement results of the powder fluidity and wettability, the quality defects of the capsule contents were caused by the fine powders of Taraxaci Herba and Lungwortlike Herba. "Core-shell" composite particles were prepared from medicinal excipients magnesium stearate and fine powders of Taraxaci Herba and Lungwortlike Herba slices after ultra-fine pulverization to improve the powder properties of the problematic fine powders. Powder characterization data including fluidity and wettability were measured, followed by scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and infrared ray(IR) detection. It was determined that the optimal dosage of magnesium stearate was 2%, and the compositing time was 3 min. The composite particles were then used as content components of the Ziyin Yiwei Capsules. The powder characteristics between the original capsule and the modified composite capsule including the particle size, fluidity, wettability, uniformity of bulk density, and uniformity of chromatism as well as the content uniformity and in vitro dissolution were compared. The results showed that the powder characteristics and content uniformity of the prepared composite capsule were significantly improved, while the material basis of the preparation was not changed before and after modification. The preparation process was proved to be stable and feasible. The powder modification technology solved the pharmaceutical defects that were easy to appear in the preparation of traditional capsules, which has provided experimental evidence for the use of powder modification technology for improving the quality of Chinese medicinal solid preparations and promoting the secondary development and upgrading of traditional Chinese medicinal dosage forms such as capsules.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Excipients , Particle Size , Powders , Wettability
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921762

ABSTRACT

Targeting the poor powder characteristics of the contents in Hewei Jiangni Capsules, this study characterized the powder properties of the contents and employed particle design technique for improving the content quality. The content composite particles of Hewei Jiangni Capsules prepared by the particle design technique were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy(SEM), followed by infrared ray(IR), content uniformity, and in vitro dissolution detection. It was found that there was a good correlation between the crushed particle size of slices and the crushing time, and the calcined Haematitum was responsible for the poor content uniformity. After the fine powder of calcined Haematitum was super-finely ground for 8.5 min and those of the other contents in the capsule for 1 min, they were prepared into the composite particles, whose property characterizations were compared with those of the physical mixtures. The content uniformity of the prepared composite particles was significantly improved, and the preparation process was stable and reliable. The adoption of particle design technology to correct the poor uniformity of the physical mixture, solve the pharmaceutical defects of Hewei Jiangni Capsules, and improve the quality of prescriptions has provided important reference for the clinical application and development of Chinese medicinal preparations.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Particle Size , Powders
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921758

ABSTRACT

Solid preparations account for more than 50% of traditional Chinese medicines(TCM). TCM powder is an important raw material for solid preparations of TCM. Its powder properties directly affect the quality of solid preparations, and even clinical safety and effectiveness. Particle design technology based on the characteristics of powder in TCM is an important means to improve and enhance the quality of solid preparations. This study summarized the relevant principles, methods, characteristics, classification, equipment, and other elements of particle design technology in recent years, analyzed the difficulties in its application in the field of TCM powder, and proposed the strategies in conjunction with the development of computer data mining. The present study is expected to provide a reference for the suitability of particle design in the field of TCM powder.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Powders , Technology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888182

ABSTRACT

A spectrum-activity relationship is established with high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints and the in vitro antioxidant activity to improve the quality evaluation system of Aralia taibaiensis. The HPLC profiles of 12 batches of samples were collected, and the similarity evaluation, heat map analysis and principal component analysis were conducted for the chemometric study of the fingerprint data. Combined with grey correlation analysis, the contributions of the common peaks in the fingerprints to the antioxidant activity were clarified, and the important peaks reflecting the efficacy were identified. The results showed that 17 common peaks were found in 12 batches of A. taibaiensis samples, and 6 of them were identified as saponins. Similarity evaluation, heat map analysis and principal component analysis roughly classified the A. taibaiensis herbs into two categories, i.e.,(1) S1-S10, S12 and(2) S11. Twelve batches of samples showed different antioxidant activities in a dose-dependent manner. In particular, S9 had the strongest antioxidant activity, while S11 was the weakest in antioxidant capacity, which was basically consistent with the overall score results. The results of grey correlation analysis demonstrated that the 17 common peaks scavenged DPPH radicals in the following order: X_3>X_(17)>X_4>X_8>X_7>X_(13)>X_2>X_6>X_(11)>X_(10)>X_(16)>X_(12)>X_9>X_5>X_(14)>X_1>X_(15), and scavenged ABTS radicals in the order of X_4>X_3>X_7>X_8>X_2>X_(17)>X_(13)>X_6>X_(16)>X_(11)>X_5>X_(12)>X_(10)>X_9>X_(14)>X_1>X_(15). Among them, X_3, X_4, X_7(araloside C), X_8 and X_(17) were the important peaks reflecting the efficacy of A. taibaiensis, which were basically consistent with those contained in the principal component 1. In this study, the correlation between the HPLC fingerprints of 12 batches of A. taibaiensis and its antioxidant activity provides a reference for the Q-marker screening and quality control of A. taibaiensis.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Aralia , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Saponins
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888035

ABSTRACT

There have been many clinical trials, systematic reviews/Meta-analysis proving that Xingnaojing Injection has a good clinical efficacy in treatment of cerebral ischaemic stroke, but with fewer comprehensive descriptions. In this study, an overview of systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Xingnaojing Injection in treating cerebral ischaemic stroke was performed to provide current situation of evidences and basis for clinical practice. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science were retrieved through computers. A total of 6 literatures were included in this study. By AMSTAR-2 checklist and GRADE, the quality of included systematic reviews and the efficacy of Xingnaojing Injection were evaluated. The results of AMSTAR-2 checklist showed an extremely low quality for all of the 6 systematic reviews. According to the results of GRADE evaluation, among 55 outcomes, there were 2 outcomes with a medium quality, 4 outcomes with a low quality and 49 outcomes with an extremely low quality. The 6 systematic reviews reached a consistent conclusion that Xingnaojing Injection was effective in the treatment of cerebral ischaemic stroke. This therapy could improve the total efficacy, neurological deficit scores, hemodynamic and hemodynamic parameters. However, the methodolo-gical quality of all literatures was extremely low. The evidence levels of outcomes were between extremely low to medium. The effectiveness of Xingnaojing Injection in the treatment of cerebral ischaemic stroke still needs to be further verified by more high-quality studies. In the future, relevant clinical studies and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis shall be carried out in a strict accordance with relevant regulations.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke/drug therapy , Systematic Reviews as Topic
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888034

ABSTRACT

To overview the systematic reviews of Panax notoginseng saponins in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction. CNKI, CBM, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases were retrieved to collect the systematic reviews of the efficacy of P. notoginseng saponins in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction. The retrieval time was from the time of database establishment to January 2021. After two researchers independently screened out the literature and extracted the data, AMSTAR-2 scale was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the included systematic reviews, GRADE system was used to grade the quality of evidences of the outcome indicators, and the efficacy evaluation was summarized. A total of 5 systematic reviews were included. AMSTAR-2 evaluation results showed that 3 items were relatively complete, while 4 items had a poor overall quality. P. notoginseng saponins combined with conventional Western medicine therapy was superior to single conventional therapy in the recovery of neurological function, enhancement of the total effective rate in clinic, and improvement of activities of daily living. GRADE evaluation results showed that the quality of evidence was from low quality to very low quality. In conclusion, in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction, P. notoginseng saponins can improve the clinical efficacy, with a good safety but a not high methodological quality and a low evidence quality. It is suggested that high-quality clinical studies shall be further carried out to provide evidence-based basis for the application of P. notoginseng saponins in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Humans , Panax notoginseng , Saponins , Systematic Reviews as Topic
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