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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2423-2429, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937035

ABSTRACT

Cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) is essential for the electron transport chain of cytochrome P450s, playing an indispensable role in electron transfer in vivo. In this study, one cDNA encoding cytochrome P450 reductase (Ascpr1) was identified from the callus of Aquilaria sinensis. Ascpr1 contains an open reading frame of 2 124 bp. The deduced protein is composed of 707 amino acids, with a predicted molecular weight of 78.82 kD. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that AsCPR1 is a type Ⅱ CPR protein closely related to the CPR from Theobroma cacao. Transmembrane prediction using TMHMM 2.0 indicated that the amino acids 52-71 of AsCPR1 comprise a transmembrane region. After truncating of 67 amino acid residues from N-terminal, the truncated AsCPR1 was successfully expressed in E. coli Transetta (DE3). Further purification of the recombinant AsCPR1 by affinity chromatography and determination of the enzymatic activity allowed the reducing ability of AsCPR1 to cytochrome C in vitro. The results pave the way for further study on the synthesis of defensive chemicals involved in P450s and the functions of CPR in self-defense of A. sinensis.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 630-638, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873783

ABSTRACT

Chalcone isomerases (CHIs) play an essential role in the biosynthesis of flavonoids important in plant self-defense. Based on the transcriptome data of Aquilaria sinensis Calli, a full-length cDNA sequence of CHI1 (termed as AsCHI1) was cloned by reverse transcription PCR. AsCHI1 contains a complete open frame (ORF) of 654 bp. The deduced protein is composed of 217 amino acids, with a predicted molecular weight of 23.11 kDa. The sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis revealed that AsCHI1 has conserved most of the active site residues in type I CHIs, indicating a close relationship with the CHI from Gossypium hirsutum. The recombinant AsCHI1 protein was obtained by heterologous expression of AsCHI1 in E. coli BL21(DE3). The purified AsCHI1 protein exhibited CHI activity by catalyzing the production of naringenin from naringenin chalcone. Remarkably, AsCHI1 expression in A. sinensis Calli treated with various abiotic stresses including salt, mannitol, cold, and heavy metals could be markedly increased, and plant hormones such as abscisic acid (ABA), gibberellin (GA3), and salicylic acid (SA) could also increase the expression of AsCHI1, suggesting that AsCHI1 might play an important role in plant self-defense. The results expand our understanding of the biosynthesis of flavonoids in A. sinensis and give further insight into the defensive responses of A. sinensis to abiotic and biotic stresses.

3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 755-758, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888352

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influencing factors of perioperative blood transfusion in the treatment of elderly femoral intertrochanteric fractures with proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 109 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures who received PFNA treatment from July 2018 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Both pelvic hip X-rays and CT plain scans were performed before surgery. All patients were diagnosed by X-ray and CT plain scan of pelvis and hip before operation. Through the statistical analysis of the basic data of patients before and during operation, the risk factors of perioperative blood transfusion were explored.@*RESULTS@#Logistic regression analysis showed that age (@*CONCLUSION@#Age, fracture type, diabetes history, and preoperative hemoglobin are independent risk factors for perioperative blood transfusion in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fractures with PFNA. The older the patient, the history of diabetes, the more unstable the fracture, and the lower preoperative hemoglobin, the more likely it is to require a blood transfusion, which may provide a reference for clinical perioperative blood transfusion decisions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Blood Transfusion , Bone Nails , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2077-2084, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887782

ABSTRACT

Curcumin is exclusively isolated from Zingiberaceae plants with a broad spectrum of bioactivities. In the present study, we used the diketide-CoA synthase (DCS) and curcumin synthase (CURS) genes to construct a non-natural fusion gene encoding diketide-CoA synthase::curcumin synthase (DCS::CURS). This fusion protein, together with the acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) and the 4-coumarate coenzyme A ligase (4CL), were introduced into Escherichia coli for the production of curcumin from ferulic acid. The process is divided into two stages, the growth stage using LB medium and the fermentation stage using the modified M9 medium. The yield of curcumin reached 386.8 mg/L by optimizing the induction of protein expression in the growth stage, and optimizing the inoculum volume, medium composition and fermentation time in the fermentation stage, as well as the addition of macroporous resin AB-8 into the second medium to attenuate the toxicity of the end product. The exploitation of the non-natural fusion protein DCS::CURS for the production of curcumin provides a new alternative to further promoting the production of curcumin and the related analogues.


Subject(s)
Curcumin/pharmacology , Escherichia coli/genetics , Fermentation
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1897-1902, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825167

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Ro decreased measures of inflammation, aging, oxidants and thrombus formation in a previous study. To measure ginsenoside Ro content in red ginseng from different years, an optimized extraction method was developed to determine ginsenoside Rg1, Re, Rb1 and Ro content by HPLC in 43 batches of red ginseng from different origins, growing years and manufacturers. The results indicate that the best extraction method was to ultrasonify a 1 g sample in 70% methanol for 50 min. The total running time of the optimized gradient was 50 min using a C18 core-shell column and was half the time described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, 2015 edition. The separation resolution of all of targeted compounds was greater than 1.6. The peak shape of ginsenoside Ro was optimal when the mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile and water with 0.1% phosphoric acid. The content of ginsenoside Ro was in the range of 0.11% to 0.43%, and the average content was 0.26%, which was higher than that of ginsenoside Rg1 and Re. The ratio of ginsenoside Ro and Re as a threshold could be used to discriminate red ginseng from different growing years; in addition, 100%, 94.4% and 46.6% of red ginseng from six, five and four years exceeded the threshold of 1.3. Our optimized analytical method for characterization of red ginseng is convenient and shortens the assay time.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3475-3480, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828423

ABSTRACT

This work describes the holistic fingerprinting method based on liquid chromatography coupled with charged aerosol detection(CAD) to profile non-saponin from water-soluble parts and determination of dencichine in Panax ginseng(PG), P. quinquefolium(PQ) and P. notoginseng(PNG). Sample extraction was carried out by water with ultra sonication for 30 min, which was eluted by Retain PEP for further analysis. The analysis was performed on a Hypercarb of porous graphitized carbon(3.0 mm×150 mm, 3 μm) column with acetonitrile and 0.1% perfluoropentanoic acid as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1). Temperature of evaporator and nitrogen pressure for CAD were set at 50 ℃and 60.1 psi(1 psi≈6.895 kPa), respectively. As a result, dencichine and other polar components had a good performance on resolution and retention. The correlation coefficient(R~2) of dencichine was 0.998 2 in the concentration from 0.019 2 to 0.48 μg·mL~(-1). Limit of quantitation calculated by signal to noise of 10 was 7.4 ng·mL~(-1), and the recovery ranged from 95.52% to 102.7%. Chemical profile of the water-soluble part from PG, PQ and PNG was similar holistically, while the relative content for dencichine and other partial components varied significantly. The proposed method was used for characteristic of chemical profiling for non-saponin from water-soluble part, and determination of dencichine in PG, PQ and PNG.


Subject(s)
Aerosols , Amino Acids, Diamino , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Panax , Panax notoginseng , Plant Roots , Saponins , Water
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 405-409, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804965

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of vaccine and provide scientific evidence for prevention and control of influenza virus, this study aims to analyze the characteristics of genomic variation of influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 viruses in Inner Mongolia.@*Methods@#The 16 viral strains were selected randomly according to the influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 viruses isolated from network laboratories in Inner Mongolia, 2013-2017. The hemagglutinin(HA) and neuraminidase(NA) genomic sequences were obtained by using RT-PCR and sequencing, and genomic characteristics were analyzed via bioinformatics.@*Results@#Compared to the A/California/07/2009 vaccine strain, the relatively obvious variation of antigen of influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 viruses in Inner Mongolia since 2014, and the vaccine provided a poor protection to influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 virus infection, while the A/Michigan/45/2015 vaccine strain recommended by WHO recently has a satisfactory protective effects. Several viral isolates from Inner Mongolia increased the binding force of virus in human upper respiratory tract because of D222N and D222G substitution within HA. E119K and H275Y substitution within NA gene of viral strains, suggesting that the viruses were resistant to NA inhibitors.@*Conclusions@#The influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 viruses had gradual variations as time went on, and the WHO recommended vaccine was relatively lagging. Virulent strains and drug-resistant strains appeared in the population, and the genetic characteristics of influenza virus surveillance should be strengthened to find the new mutants of virus in time, which provide evidence for the prevention and control of influenza.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2303-2307, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780335

ABSTRACT

We have developed a new method using HPLC-CAD (charged aerosol detector) for the quantitative analysis of cyclovirobuxine D and related substances in the API of Huangyangning tablets. The related substances were further studied by HPLC-Q-Exactive coupled with hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry. A HILIC column of XBridge Amide (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) was used, and the mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile and 100 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate (85∶15), which was adjusted to pH 2.8 with formic acid. Isocratic mode elution was adopted at a flow rate of 1.1 mL·min-1. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃. For CAD, the temperature of atomization and gas pressure were respectively set at 35 ℃ and 62.2 psi. This method detected and quantified five related substances to cyclovirobuxine D. The results showed that the LOD and LOQ of cyclovirobuxine D was 12.588 ng and 28.323 ng, respectively with an average recovery of 95.74% (RSD = 1.79%, n = 6). The content of cyclovirobuxine D in 12 batches of API samples provided by three manufacturers was from 79.94% to 88.49%, with an average value of 82.20%. The total content of the five related substances was from 15.99% to 22.15% with an average value of 20.10%, using an external standard method with cyclovirobuxine D as the reference and according to the CAD uniform response to non-volatile substances. The newly developed HPLC-CAD method has advantages in terms of the comprehensiveness of signals from Buxus alkaloids without UV absorption and with high sensitivity to its trace-related substances; the method yields good separation between the components and is compatible with mass spectrometry. It is applicable for the accurate quantitative analysis of main components and related substances in the API of Huangyangning tablets.

9.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 79-86, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665268

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the actions of vagus nerve in electroacupuncture (EA) with unblocking and regulating needling therapy for the treatment of mammary gland hyperplasia(MGH)with liver stagnation type, and to provide experimental evidences for clinical usage of EA with unblocking and regulating needling therapy. Methods Sixty healthy SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups,namely blank control group,model control group,EA group,EA with disconnection of vagus nerve group,and sham-operation EA group,12 rats in each group. Except for the blank control group, the rats in the remaining groups were modeled. After successful establishment of the model of mammary gland hyperplasia (MGH) with liver stagnation type, the rats in EA group with disconnection of vagus nerve were given disconnection of unilateral vagotomy operation, the rats in sham-operation EA group were given sham operation, and EA group had no treatment, and then all of the 3 treatment groups were given EA with unblocking and regulating needling therapy. At the end of the experiment, the diameter and height of rat nipple were measured,the serum contents of estradiol (E2)and progestin (P)in the rats were detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay(ELISA),and the contents of anti-estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)and anti-progesterone receptor(PR)in the rat breast tissue were detected by immunofluorescence double staining and Western blotting method. Results (1)EA treatment can obviously improve the diameter and height of MGH rat nipple, but the therapeutic effect of EA group with disconnection of vagus nerve was not obvious. (2)Compared with the model control group,the levels of serum E2 and mammary ERαwere markedly reduced(P<0.01),and serum P level and mammary PR content were obviously increased in EA group and sham-operation EA group (P < 0.01). However,the above indexes had no obvious changes in EA group with disconnection of vagus nerve (P>0.05). Conclusion The therapeutic mechanism of EA with unblocking and regulating needling therapy for liver-stagnation MGH may be closely related with the regulation of vagus nerve.

10.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1060-1064, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697143

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the elderly stroke patients into Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory to carry out the effect of nursing intervention on the Barthel and self efficacy, quality of diagnosis and treatment of this kind of special group that the accumulation of evidence-based care experience. Methods Eighty-two cases of elderly patients with stroke in our hospital from September 2015 to March 2017, with the random number table as the grouping criterion, will meet the inclusion criteria of the object is divided into study group and control group, 41 cases in each group. The control group received traditional nursing care, while the research group introduced the Maslow hierarchy of needs theory to intervene. The two groups of patients were evaluated before and after treatment, and the neurological function level, daily living ability, complication rate and nursing satisfaction were compared. Results After treatment, the score of basic knowledge, poor dietary harmful cognition, treatment knowledge, self-management knowledge and complication prevention knowledge were (2.3 ± 0.6), (2.4 ± 0.7), (2.3 ± 0.7), (2.5±0.7), (2.6±0.8) points respectively in study group, and (1.4 ± 0.4), (1.5 ± 0.4), (1.4 ± 0.4), (1.6 ± 0.5), (1.7 ± 0.5) points in control group. The difference was statistically significant (t=8.175-15.260, P<0.05).Neurological deficits after treatment in the study group were (7.8 ± 1.1) points lower than those in the control group (14.5±2.2) points. Barthel index was (61.5±5.4) higher than that in the control group (41.3± 4.0). The length of stay in hospital was (16.3±2.6) d, which was shorter than that in control group (25.3± 3.2) d, the difference was statistically significant (t=15.260, 12.352, 8.367, P<0.05). The complication rate was 9.8% (4/41) in the study group, which was lower than 29.3% (12/41) in the control group. The satisfaction rate in the study group was 97.6%(40/41), which was higher than 82.9%(34/41) in the control group), the difference was statistically significant (χ2=13.279, 13.267, P<0.05). Conclusions For elderly stroke patients, nursing intervention into Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, help to improve their self-efficacy and nerve function level, and can improve the nursing satisfaction, is worthy of further promotion.

11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 757-762, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691134

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effects of modified lamina osteotomy replantation versus traditional lamina osteotomy replantation in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation with lumbar instability.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 146 patients with unilateral lumbar disc herniation with lumbar instability underwent surgical treatment from March 2008 to March 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to osteotomy replantation pattern. There were 77 patients in the traditional group (underwent traditional lamina osteotomy replantation), including 42 males and 35 females with an average age of (49.4±18.5) years;the lesions occurred on L₄,₅ in 46 cases, on L₅5S₁ in 31 cases. There were 69 patients in modified group (underwent modified lamina osteotomy replantation), including 37 males and 32 females with an average age of (49.8±17.9) years;the lesions occurred on L₄,₅ in 40 cases, on L₅S₁ in 29 cases. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complication rate during operation, lamina healing rate, recurrence rate of low back and leg pain were compared between two groups. Visual analogue scales (VAS) and Japanese Orthopadic Association (JOA) scores were used to evaluate the clinical effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The operation time and intraoperative blood loss were similar between two group (>0.05). There was significantly different in nerve injury rate(5.80% vs 16.9%) and dural injury rate(1.45% vs 9.09%) between modified group and traditional group(<0.05). The recurrent rate of low back pain of modified group was higher (91.30%, 63/69) than that of traditional group (76.62%, 59/77), and the intervertebral fusion rate of modified group was lower(8.70%, 6/69) than that of traditional group (29.9%, 23/77) at 3 years after operation. Postoperative VAS scores of all patients were significantly decreased at 6 months, 1, 2, 3 years, and JOA scores were obviously increased (<0.05). At 1, 2, 3 years after operation, VAS scores of modified group were significantly lower than that of traditional group(<0.05), and JOA scores of modified group were higher than that of traditional group(<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Modified lamina osteotomy replantation has better long-term efficacy(in the aspect of recurrent rate of low back pain, intervertebral fusion rate, VAS and JOA score at three years follow-up) in treating lumbar disc herniation with instability.</p>

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1852-1857, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660174

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of suppression of mel18 gene on the differentiation of human acute myeloid leukemia cell line HL 60 induced by cinnamaldehyde ( CA) .METHODS:HL60 cells were treated with low con-centration of CA or all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA).shRNAmel18 vector and shRNALuc control vector were employed to package lentiviruses which were then used to infect HL 60 cells.The virus-infected HL60 cells were treated with low con-centration of CA , and ATRA was used as a positive control of differentiation-inducing agent .The differentiation markers on the cell surface and cell cycle of virus-infected HL60 cells were analyzed by flow cytometry .Western blot was used to deter-mine the expression of MEL18, cyclin D1 and p27, as well as the phosphorylation level of Akt .RESULTS:Low concen-tration of CA and ATRA increased the expression of granulocytic differentiation marker CD 11b on the HL60 cells, with the decreased expression of MEL 18 in the HL60 cells.The expression of MEL18 decreased in shmel18 virus-infected HL60 cells (shmel18-HL60 cells), but did not change in shLuc-HL60 cells.The expression of CD11b on shmel18-HL60 cells increased with G 1-phase arrest , which went even higher after treatment with CA .The phosphorylation level of Akt and the expression of cyclin D1 decreased in shmel18-HL60 cells with the increase in the expression of p27.CONCLUSION:In-hibition of mel18 gene leads HL60 cell granulocytic differentiation .mel18 gene may affect the differentiation of HL 60 cells by regulating cyclin D1 and p27 via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is also involved in CA-in-duced differentiation of HL60 cells by suppressing mel18 gene expression.

13.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1526-1529, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660048

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the genotyping of hepatitis C virus by PCR-fluorescent probe in Qingyang area,and to evaluate the performance of PCR-fluorescent probe. Methods:The clinical data and peripheral venous blood of patients with HCV were collected (n=289). PCR-fluorescent probe was used to detect the genotype and HCV RNA of hepatitis C virus,and compare with PCR reverse dot blot,RT nested-PCR. Results:Among 289 samples detected by PCR-fluorescent probe,the rate of genotyping of hepatitis C virus was 99. 3%(287/289),and 139 for 1b(48. 1%),136 for 2a(47. 1%),7 for 3a(2. 4%),5 for 3b(1. 7%),2 for unknow(0. 7%). The specificity and efficiency was 100%,better repeatability,consistent with PCR reverse dot blot and RT nested-PCR(98. 2%,P>0. 05). The ALT,AST,PLT and HCVRNA(lg)for 1b patients was higher than 2a(P<0. 05). Conclusion:Multi-genotype distribution of HCV was revealed in the hepatitis C patients of Qingyang,1b and 2a were the main genotypes,and the ratio was equal,2a was increased,1b was declined. The sensibility and specificity was higher for PCR-fluorescent probe,and could be used in clinic.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 167-168, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659951

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of salmeterol fluticasone propionate combined with montelukast in the treatment of moderate and severe bronchial asthma. Methods 112 patients with moderate and severe bronchial asthma in Taizhou hospital from January 2014 to December 2016 were selected and divided into the control and the study group according to the time of visiting hospital, 56 cases in each group. The control group were given salmeterol fluticasone propionate for treatment, the study group were treated with salmeterol fluticasone propionate combined with montelukast .Keep a record of the asthma control test (ACT), forced expiratory volume (FEV1) percentage expected index changes of pre-treatment and 8 weeks after treatment. Results ACT score and FEV1 percentage expected index changes of two groups there was no significant difference before the treatment. After treatment, ACT score and FEV1 percentage expected index changes of the study group was better than the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion Salmeterol fluticasone propionate combined with montelukast in the treatment can significantly improve the clinical efficacy of patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 60-61, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659812

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of combined use of beta blocker in the treatment of chronic severe congestive heart failure (CHF). Methods 78 patients with severe chronic congestive heart failure in patients from November 2015 to January 2017 were randomly divided into study group (n=39) and control group (n=39). The control group was treated with routine treatment of chronic severe congestive heart failure, and the study group was treated with beta blocker metoprolol on the basis of routine treatment. The changes of DBP, SBP, LVEF, LVEDD and the incidence of adverse reactions were recorded before and after treatment in two groups. Results After the analysis of the two groups before treatment, DBP, SBP, LVEF, LVEDD and other indicators compared no significant difference; after the treatment of DBP, SBP, LVEDD group index decline and increase of LVEF were better than the control group, comparing the data with significant difference (P<0.05); drug therapy in the treatment of severe chronic group occurred during the study period the rate of adverse reactions in patients with congestive heart failure and there is no significant difference compared with control group. Conclusion The use of routine regimen based on the use of beta blocker metoprolol can significantly improve the clinical efficacy of patients with chronic severe congestive heart failure, and is conducive to the protection of their prognosis and quality of life.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 69-70,72, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659804

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of snoring machine plus traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of young patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Methods 60 cases of young patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome were included in the study, using snoring machine plus traditional Chinese medicine treatment. The nighttime polysomnography (PSG) was used to check the minimum oxygen saturation, the number of apnea, and the AHI. CT examination of patients before and after treatment of oropharynx, nasopharynx and throat cross-sectional area; evaluation of the two groups of clinical efficacy. Results After the treatment, the total effective rate was 91.67 % (55/60). The number of apnea and AHI were (25.02±3.88) and (15.68±6.47) / h respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group (32.17±5.78)、(81.47±10.66)% was significantly higher than that before treatment (60.22±12.52)%,(P<0.05), and the lowest blood oxygen saturation (P<0.05) was significantly higher than that before treatment (26.55±8.29) times / h and P<0.05. (3.69±0.22) cm2, (4.23±0.39) cm2, (3.82±0.68) cm2, respectively, which was significantly higher than that before treatment (2.09±0.17) cm2, and the area of oropharynx, nasopharynx and throat were (3.69±0.22) (3.78±0.28) cm2, (3.17±0.49) cm2(P<0.05). Conclusion The use of snoring machine plus traditional Chinese medicine treatment of young obstructive sleep apnea syndrome effect is remarkable, it is worth promoting.

17.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 848-852, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659516

ABSTRACT

We investigated the characteristics and epidemiological characteristics of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) infection in Tiantai County,Zhejiang Province.Active surveillance and epidemiological investigation were employed with the serum samples collected simultaneously.The samples were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR assay recommended by national standard of China.By descriptive epidemiology,the SFTS cases in 2012-2015 in Tiantai and related data were analyzed.In 2012-2015,there were 12 new cases of SFTS infection and 2 deaths,including 5 males and 7 females (39 to 75 yrs).The peak incidence was found from April to August.The main clinical manifestations was fever (100 %),chills and fatigue (83%),and body pain (75%).The positive rate of nucleic acid screened in subclinical population was 1.4%;8 ca ses with definite records of tick bites (67 %).In conclusion,several cases of SFTS have been confirmed in Tiantai County with two inapparent infections,which suggest the urgency and importance to strengthen the active surveillance,prevention and control measures and health education s in the coming days.

18.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 26-29, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658336

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical efficacy of Qingfei Sanjie Pills combined with targeted cryoablation therapy on elderly patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its influence on the levels of immune function in patients. Methods Totally 94 elderly patients with NSCLC were divided into observation group and control group, with 47 cases in each group. Both groups were given targeted cryoablation therapy and under CT review after surgery to observe lesions condition. Observation group was given Qingfei Sanjie Pills, once a bottle, twice a day, orally, for three months. Recent efficacy of the two groups were evaluated. The levels of IgG, IgA, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, and complications in the two groups were detected. The survival rate of 1 year, 2 years and 3 years in the two groups were observed. Results Two cases in the observation group and three cases in the control group were invalid. The total effective rate was 84.4% (38/45) in observation group and 65.9% (29/44) in the control group, with statistical significance (P<0.05). After the treatment, the levels of IgG, IgA, CD3+, CD4+and CD8+in the observation group were significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the incidence rates of increased cough, postoperative pain, bloody sputum, fever and nausea and vomiting in the observation group were lower than the control group. The 1 year, 2 years and 3 years survival rates were 91.1%, 75.6% and 64.4% in observation group, and 79.5%,63.6% and 52.3% in the control group,with statistical significance(P<0.05).Conclusion Qingfei Sanjie Pills combined with targeted cryoablation therapy on elderly patients with advanced NSCLC has good clinical efficacy, which can improve immune system of patients and increase survival rate.

19.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 58-62, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658293

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the quality coherence of Trillium tschonoskii Maxim.from different producing areas by HPLC fingerprint and PCA; To provide a method for quality control. Methods Samples were separated by Hibar C18 (4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm) with acetonitrile-water as gradient mobile phase at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The wavelength was 203 nm and the temperature was 30 ℃. Chromatographic Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System and PCA were used to analyze the data. Results The results of method validation of HPLC fingerprint met technical standards.15 common peaks was verified and the similarities of 14 batches of Trillium tschonoskii Maxim. from different producing areas were among 0.389–0.979. 3 principal components with the characteristic root cumulative contribution rate reaching 87.674% were screened out by PCA results. The composite score of S2 was the highest (4.926), and the quality was the best. Conclusion The application of HPLC combined with PCA can objectively and effectively evaluate the quality difference of Trillium tschonoskii Maxim.from different producing areas.

20.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 803-808, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658167

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the localization of transplanted human menstrual-derived stem cells (MenSCs)in the premature ovarian failure (POF)mouse model.Methods Mice were intraperitoneally injected with cisplatin to create the POF mouse model.Ninety mice aged 8 weeks were randomly divided into MenSCs transplantation group,POF model group and blank control group.Green fluorescence protein (GFP)-expressing MenSCs were transplanted to MenSCs transplantation group by the tail vein;meanwhile the same volume of PBS was injected into the mice in POF model group and blank control group.Physiological characteristics of mice,serum concentration of FSH and E2,ovarian histology and distribution of green fluorescence signal in the ovarian tissues were assessed in the three groups at 10 days after transplantation.Results Following anorexia and lethargy,the average weight of mice in POF mouse model decreased compared with that in blank control group. The concentration of FSH increased but E2 level decreased significantly in POF model group.Meanwhile,the number of primordial,growing and mature follicles reduced significantly and interstitial fibrosis was observed in the ovary ofPOF model group.After MenSCs transplantation,the average weight of mice in MenSCs transplantation group increased gradually with the improvement of feeding and activities.Ten days after injection of MenSCs,sex hormone levels and the number of follicles returned to normal values.The level of E2 was significantly higher and the level of FSH was lower,while the number of primordial,growing as well as mature follicles in MenSCs transplantation group was significantly higher than that in POF model group.By observing the location of GFP-MenSCs,we found that GFP-positive cells were located in the interstitium but not in follicles,granulose cells,the liver,the kidney,or lung tissue.Conclusion MenSCs can home to the ovary and be located in the interstitium in the POF mouse model.MenSCs can repair ovarian injury and improve endocrine functions of the ovary.

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