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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 167-172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964399

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Allergic diseases can occur in all systems of the body, covering the whole life cycle, from children to adults and to old age, can be lifelong onset and even fatal in severe cases. Children account for the largest proportion of the victims of allergic disease, Children s allergies start from scratch, ranging from mild to severe, from less to more, from single to multiple systems and systemic performance, so the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases in children is of great importance, which can not only prevent high risk allergic conditions from developing into allergic diseases, but also further block the process of allergy. At present, there is no consensus on the management system of allergic children in kindergartens and primary schools. The "Consensus on Allergy Management and Prevention in Kindergartens and Primary Schools", which includes the organizational structure, system construction and management of allergic children, provides evidence informed recommendations for the long term comprehensive management of allergic children in kindergartens and primary schools, and provides a basis for the establishment of the prevention system for allergic children.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 550-555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985907

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of decitabine combined with low dose chemotherapy (LDC) in the treatment of high-risk, refractory and relapsed pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods: Clinical data of 19 AML children treated with decitabine combined with LDC in the Department of Hematology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University from April 2017 to November 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The therapeutic response, adverse effects and survival status were analyzed,and the outcomes of patients were followed up. Results: Among 19 AML cases, there were 10 males and 9 females. Five cases were high-risk AML, 7 cases were refractory AML, and 7 cases were relapsed AML. After one course of decitabine+LDC treatment, 15 cases achieved complete remission, 3 cases got partial remission, and only 1 case didn't get remission. All patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as consolidation therapy. The follow-up time of all cases was 46 (37, 58) months, 14 children had survived. The cumulative three-year overall survival rate was (79±9) %, events free survival rates was (68±11) %, and recurrence free survival rate was (81±10) %. The most common adverse effects related to the induction treatment were cytopenia (19 cases) and infection (16 cases).There were no treatment-related death during the therapy. Conclusion: Decitabine combined with LDC is a safe and effective option for high-risk, refractory and relapsed AML children, which provides an opportunity for HSCT.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Decitabine , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 494-499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992626

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic fractures secondary to osteoporosis increase very rapidly in incidence, and have become a major cause of disability and mortality in the elderly population. Currently, there have no standard guidelines for perioperative management, surgery and postoperative rehabilitation, causing multiple complications and poor therapeutic outcome. The authors previously proposed bone repair strategies including active anti-osteoporosis, adequate bone grafting and bone healing acceleration, namely "three-in-one" bone repair strategy. The care steps in osteoporotic fracture surgery inluded perioperative management, operative precaution, and postoperative prevention of secondary fractures. With this in mind, the authors further discussed the detailed application of "three-in-one" bone repair strategy including perioperative active anti-osteoporosis treatment, early rehabilitation training, standardized internal fixation selection, standard bone grafting methods and prevention of secondary complications, so as to promote the standardized treatment of osteoporotic fractures and improve the prognosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 289-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992601

ABSTRACT

Periarticular fracture of the shoulder is a common type of fractures in the elderly. Postoperative adverse events such as internal fixation failure, humeral head ischemic necrosis and upper limb dysfunction occur frequently, which seriously endangers the exercise and health of the elderly. Compared with the fracture with normal bone mass, the osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder is complicated with slow healing and poor rehabilitation, so the clinical management becomes more difficult. At present, there is no targeted guideline or consensus for this type of fracture in China. In such context, experts from Youth Osteoporosis Group of Chinese Orthopedic Association, Orthopedic Expert Committee of Geriatrics Branch of Chinese Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Osteoporosis Group of Youth Committee of Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons and Osteoporosis Committee of Shanghai Association of Chinese Integrative Medicine developed the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder in the elderly ( version 2023). Nine recommendations were put forward from the aspects of diagnosis, treatment strategies and rehabilitation of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder, hoping to promote the standardized, systematic and personalized diagnosis and treatment concept and improve functional outcomes and quality of life in elderly patients with osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1778-1784, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an implementation protocol of clinical decision-support system about pediatric parenteral nutrition administration based on Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist.Methods:From November to December 2021, using 4 dimensions and 16 items of Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist, an multidisciplinary expert consultation was conducted, based on the previous clinical decision-support system and implementation protocol draft, to identify qualitative suggestions and quantitative assessment, and form the final protocol.Results:According to the Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist, experts evaluated the implementation protocol draft, ranked the scores of 4 dimensions, system, content, context, and implementation, successively. Based on 12 updated suggestions, the final protocol included 4 dimensions and 12 interventions, including CDS updates, preparation before launching, experimental application and promotion, and systematic monitoring.Conclusions:The development of Guideline Implementation with Decision Support Checklist-based implementation protocol of clinical decision-support system about pediatric parenteral nutrition administration facilitated the thorough and structured consideration and agreement of multidisciplinary team, thus to optimize protocol and provide foundation for clinical practice.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1689-1695, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the evaluation index system of core competence of specialized gynecological nurses, and to provide reference for the curriculum setting and effect evaluation of standardized training for specialized gynecological nurses.Methods:The draft evaluation index system was prepared through literature research and group discussion. From May to June 2021, two rounds of Delphi letter consultation was used among 18 experts, to complete the selection and modification of evaluation index, and to determine the index weight.Results:The effective response rate of the two rounds of Delphi expert consultation was 100%, the expert authority coefficient was 0.938, and the Kendall harmony coefficient of the two rounds of expert letter consultation was 0.117 and 0.304, respectively (both P<0.01). Finally, the evaluation index system of core competence of specialized gynecological nurses was formed, including 4 first-level indexes, 11 second-level indexes and 48 third-level indexes. Conclusions:The evaluation index system of core competence of specialized gynecological nurses established in this study is scientific and reliable, which can provide reference for the curriculum setting and effect evaluation of standardized training for specialized gynecological nurses.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1115-1121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To scope review of studies on the risk factors for vessel catheter associated infection in children with intestinal failure was reviewed, so as to provide a reference for clinical medical staff to prevent and control infection.Methods:Based on the framework of scope review method, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, APA PsycInfo, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, China Biomedical Literature Database, China Knowledge Networkand Wanfang database are retrieved. The retrieval period was from the database construction to February 1, 2022. The included literatures were Summarized and analyzed.Results:A total of 28 articles were included, and the risk factors of vessel catheter associated infection in children with intestinal failure were found to include 7 aspects: basic information of children, catheter nursing measures, type of tube-sealing solution, catheter factors, residual intestinal condition of children, nursing level of caregivers, therapeutic factors.Conclusions:The risk factors of vessel catheter associated infection in children with intestinal failure were found to include 7 aspects, which are complex and diverse with distinctive disease characteristics. In the future, medical staff can optimize the pipeline nursing measures; construct the model of cross-specialty health education and improve the nursing level of caregivers to reduce the incidence of vessel catheter associated infection.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1301-1306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978682

ABSTRACT

To establish an ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with pre-column derivatization method for simultaneous determination of 17 kinds of free amino acid concentrations in CHO cell which expressed high levels of programmed death protein-1 (PD-1) antibody, and its amino acid metabolism was analyzed by this method. Using 6-aminoquinoline-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate (AQC) as a derivatization reagent, the free amino acids in different concentrations of amino acid standards or cell lines were transformed into stable UV-absorbent compounds, which were separated by gradient elution through ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm) column. The flow rate was set at 0.7 mL·min-1, the column temperature at 55 ℃, the loading amount of sample at 1 µL, the UV detection wavelength at 260 nm, and then the free amino acid concentration in cell lines which expressed PD-1 antibody was determined by external standard method. According to the changes of amino acids concentration during the process of cell culture, the amino acid metabolism was analyzed. The results showed that pre-column derivatization high performance liquid chromatography could completely separate 17 kinds of amino acids within 11 minutes, has good linear relationship (R2 ≥ 0.999 3) in the range of 0.75-500 μmol·L-1, the limits of detection was 0.1-0.3 μmol·L-1, the limits of quantitative was 0.5-1 μmol·L-1. The established method is quickly and reproducibility. Amino acid metabolism revealed that methionine, isoleucine and leucine may be the restrictive factors of expression for cell line. This method can be used for detection changes of free amino acid concentration in cell line.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 864-875, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971843

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of Yudantong decoction in mice with α-naphthyl isothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced cholestasis, as well as its targets and mechanism based on intestinal flora and intestinal barrier function. Methods A total of 24 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, Yudantong decoction group (YDTF group), and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) group, with 6 mice in each group. The mice in the model group, the YDTF group, and the UDCA group were given ANIT 35 mg/kg/day by gavage on days 1, 4, 7, 10, and 13, and those in the YDTF group and the UDCA group were given Yudantong decoction or UDCA by gavage for 15 consecutive days; related samples were collected on day 16. Liver histopathology was observed, and liver function parameters were measured; immunohistochemistry was used to measure the protein expression levels of caspase-1, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and FXR in the liver, and flow cytometry was used to measure the percentages of CD11b + , CD86 + , and CD45 + immune cells in the liver; 16S rDNA sequencing and information analysis were performed for fecal microorganisms; immunohistochemistry was used to measure the protein expression of the intestinal FXR/NLRP3 pathway, and immunofluorescence assay was used to measure the protein expression of intestinal E-cadherin and occludin. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data with homogeneity of variance between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups; the Welch test was used for comparison of data with heterogeneity of variance between multiple groups, and the Games-Howell test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results HE staining showed that the model group had partial hepatocyte fatty degeneration, massive necrosis of hepatocytes in hepatic lobules, damage of lobular structure, and massive inflammatory cell infiltration, and the YDTF group and the UDCA group had alleviation of hepatocyte fatty degeneration and hepatocyte necrosis in hepatic lobules, with a reduction in inflammatory cells. Compared with the control group, the model group had significantly higher serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), and total bile acid (TBA) (all P < 0.05); compared with the model group, the YDTF group had significant reductions in the serum levels of ALT, AST, GGT, ALP, TBil, DBil, and TBA (all P < 0.05), and the UDCA group had significant reductions in the serum levels of GGT, TBil, DBil, and TBA (all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the model group had significant increases in the levels of caspase-1 and IL-1β and a significant reduction in the expression of FXR in the liver (all P < 0.05); compared with the model group, the YDTF group had significant reductions in the levels of caspase-1 and IL-1β in the liver and the UDCA group had a significant reduction in the level of IL-1β in the liver, and both the YDTF group and the UDCA group had a significant increase in the expression level of FXR in the liver (all P < 0.05). The model group had a significant change in the composition of intestinal flora compared with the control group ( P < 0.05); there was a significant difference in the structure of intestinal flora between the YDTF group and the model group ( P < 0.05), and there was also a significant difference in the composition of intestinal flora between the UDCA group and the control/model groups ( P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the model group had a significant increase in the abundance of intestinal Akkermansia muciniphila and a significant reduction in the abundance of Lactobacillus johnsonii (both P < 0.05); compared with the model group, both the YDTF group and the UDCA group had a significant reduction in the abundance of intestinal Akkermansia muciniphila , and the YDTF group had a significant increase in the abundance of Lactobacillus murinus , while the UDCA group had significant increases in the abundance of Lactobacillus murinus and Bifidobacterium pseudolongum (all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the model group had a significant reduction in the protein expression of intestinal FXR, a significant increase in the protein expression of intestinal NLRP3, and significant reductions in the expression of intestinal E-cadherin and occludin (all P < 0.05); compared with the model group, both the YDTF group and the UDCA group had a significant increase in the protein expression of intestinal FXR, a significant reduction in the protein expression of intestinal NLRP3, and significant increases in the expression of intestinal E-cadherin and occludin (all P < 0.05). Conclusion Yudantong decoction can alleviate liver injury in mice with ANIT-induced cholestasis, possibly by improving intestinal flora and enhancing intestinal barrier function.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 256-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960947

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the changes of serum homocysteine(Hcy), vitamin B12(VitB12)and folic acid in the serum of patients with diabetic retinopathy(DR), and to explore their significance in the occurrence and development of DR.METHODS: A case-control study was designed. A total of 95 patients with DR(DR group), 94 patients with diabetes mellitus(DM group)treated in endgcrinology department and 87 patients with age-related cataract(normal control group)from the ophthalmology department of Shenzhen People's Hospital between July 2021 and January 2022 were selected. Fasting venous blood was collected and serum was separated. The concentration of Hcy in serum was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and chemiluminescence immunoassay was used to detect the concentration of VitB12 and folic acid. Pearson linear correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between Hcy and clinical parameters. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the main factors which affect Hcy level. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve was designed to analyze the diagnostic value of serum Hcy, VitB12 and folic acid in DR.RESULTS: The concentration of serum Hcy in DR group was 16.52±3.54 μmol/L, which was significantly higher than that in DM group(10.86±3.47 μmol/L)and control group(6.84±1.39 μmol/L; all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05); The concentration of VitB12 in the serum of the control group was 501.79±108.95 pmol/L, which was higher than that in DM group(478.57±57.85 pmol/L)and DR group(455.88±181.49 pmol/L), but the difference was not statistically significant(P=0.054); The concentration of folic acid in serum of control group was 10.31±2.43 nmol/L, which was higher than that of DM group(9.94±1.90 nmol/L)and DR group(7.27±2.79 nmol/L), and the difference between DR group and DM group was statistically significant(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05); In DR group, Hcy expression was weakly positively correlated with triglyceride and low density lipoprotein(r=0.208, P=0.043; r=0.240, P=0.019). Multivariate linear regression showed that low density lipoprotein was an important factor which affect the expression of Hcy in DR patients. ROC curve shows that Hcy has important value in the diagnosis of DR.CONCLUSIONS: Hcy, VitB12 and folic acid are differentially expressed in DR group, DM group and normal control group. Hcy may be involved in the pathogenesis of DR, and it has important value in the diagnosis of DR. In addition, low density lipoprotein is also an important factor which affects the expression of Hcy.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 681-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970537

ABSTRACT

To maintain the precision and stability of the efficacy of classical formulas, this study compared the origins and specifications of Bupleuri Radix and revealed the precise application regularity of Bupleurum chinense(Beichaihu) and Bupleurum scorzonerifolium(Nanchaihu) in classical formulas. The efficacy and indications of formulas with Bupleuri Radix as the sovereign drug in the Treatise on Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Diseases(Shang Han Za Bing Lun) were investigated. The difference in the efficacy of Bupleuri Radix as well as the differences in the chemical composition, and liver-protecting and lipid-lowering effects of the decoctions of Beichaihu and Nanchaihu were analyzed with LC-MS technology based on the CCl_4-induced liver injury model in mice and sodium oleate-induced HepG2 hyperlipidemia cell model. The results showed that seven classical formulas with Bupleuri Radix as the sovereign drug in the Treatise on Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Diseases were mainly used in the treatment of digestive, metabolic, immune, circulatory, and other diseases. Bupleuri Radix mainly played the functions of protecting the liver, benefiting the gallbladder, and lowering the lipid, and had different focuses in different formulas. There were 14 differential components in the decoctions of Beichaihu and Nanchaihu, and the chemical structures of 11 components were identified, including 10 saponins and one flavonoid. The results of the liver-protecting efficacy experiment showed that compared with the Nanchaihu decoction, Beichaihu decoction could reduce the serum aspartate aminotransferase(AST) activity in liver injury model mice(P<0.01). The results of the lipid-lowering efficacy experiment proved that Beichaihu and Nanchaihu decoctions both showed highly significant differences in lowering the total cholesterol(TC) and triglyceride(TG) content in HepG2 cells(P<0.01), and Nanchaihu decoction was superior to Beichaihu decoction in lowering the lipid. The results of this study preliminarily proved that there were differences in chemical composition, and liver-protecting and lipid-lowering effects of Beichaihu and Nanchaihu decoctions, indicating that it was necessary to determine the precise origin of Bupleuri Radix in the clinical formulation of traditional Chinese medicine. The study provides a scientific basis for both precise clinical medication and purpose-based accurate quality evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine in clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Liver , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Bupleurum
12.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 273-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969878

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of anti-IgE monoclonal antibody (omazumab) in the treatment of allergic united airway disease (UAD) in the real-wold. Methods: Retrospective cohort study summarizes the case data of patients with allergic united airway disease who were treated with anti IgE monoclonal antibody (omalizumab) for more than 16 weeks from March 1, 2018 to June 30, 2022 in the Peking University First Hospital.The allergic UAD is defined as allergic asthma combined with allergic rhinitis (AA+AR) or allergic asthma combined with chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps (AA+CRSwNP) or allergic asthma combined with allergic rhinitis and nasal polyps (AA+AR+CRSwNP). The control of asthma was evaluated by asthma control test (ACT), lung function test and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO). The AR was assessed by total nasal symptom score (TNSS). The CRSwNP was evaluated by nasal visual analogue scale (n-VAS), sino-nasal outcome test-22 (SNOT-22), nasal polyps score (TPS) and Lund-Mackay sinus CT grading system. The global evaluation of omalizumab for the treatment of allergic UADwas performed by Global Evaluation of Treatment Effectiveness(GETE).The drug-related side effects were also recorded. Matched t test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to compare the score changes of IgE monoclonal antibody (omazumab) before and after treatment, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the influencing factors of IgE monoclonal antibody (omazumab) response. Results: A total of 117 patients with UAD were enrolled, ranging in age from 19 to 77 years; The median age of patients was 48.7 years; Among them, 60 were male, ranging from 19 to 77 years old, with a median age of 49.9 years; There were 57 females, ranging from 19 to 68 years old, with a median age of 47.2 years. There were 32 cases in AA+AR subgroup, 59 cases in AA+CRSwNP subgroup, and 26 cases in AA+AR+CRSwNP subgroup. The total serum IgE level was 190.5 (103.8,391.3) IU/ml. The treatment course of anti IgE monoclonal antibody was 24 (16, 32) weeks. Compared with pre-treatment, omalizumab increased ACT from 20.0 (19.5,22.0) to 24.0 (23.0,25.0) (Z=-8.537, P<0.001), increased pre-bronchodilator FEV1 from 90.2 (74.8,103.0)% predicted value to 95.4 (83.2,106.0)% predicted value (Z=-5.315,P<0.001), increased FEV1/FVC from 80.20 (66.83,88.38)% to 82.72 (71.26,92.25)% (Z=-4.483,P<0.001), decreased FeNO from(49.1±24.8) ppb to (32.8±24.4) ppb (t=5.235, P<0.001), decreased TNSS from (6.5±2.6)to (2.4±1.9) (t=14.171, P<0.001), decreased n-VAS from (6.8±1.2) to (3.4±2.0)(t=14.448, P<0.001), decreased SNOT-22 from (40.0±7.9) to (21.3±10.2)(t=15.360, P<0.001), decreased TPS from (4.1±0.8) to (2.4±1.0)(t=14.718, P<0.001) and decreased Lund-Mackay CT score from (6.0±1.3) to (3.1±1.6)(t=17.012, P<0.001). The global response rate to omalizumab was 67.5%(79/117). The response rate in AA+AR (90.6%,29/32) was significantly higher than that in AA+CRSwNP (61.0%,36/59) and AA+AR+CRSwNP (53.8%,14/26) subgroups (χ2=11.144,P=0.004). Only 4 patients (3.4%,4/117) had mild side effects. Conclusion: The real-world study showed favorable effectiveness and safety of anti-IgE monoclonal antibody for treatment of allergic UAD. To provide basis for preventing the progress and precise treatment of allergic UAD.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adult , Aged , Nasal Polyps/drug therapy , Omalizumab/therapeutic use , Rhinitis/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Asthma/diagnosis , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Chronic Disease
13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 333-340, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate toxicity of raw extract of Panax notoginseng (rPN) and decocted extract of PN (dPN) by a toxicological assay using zebrafish larvae, and explore the mechanism by RNA sequencing assay.@*METHODS@#Zebrafish larvae was used to evaluate acute toxicity of PN in two forms: rPN and dPN. Three doses (0.5, 1.5, and 5.0 µ g/mL) of dPN were used to treat zebrafishes for evaluating the developmental toxicity. Behavior abnormalities, body weight, body length and number of vertebral roots were used as specific phenotypic endpoints. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) assay was applied to clarify the mechanism of acute toxicity, followed by real time PCR (qPCR) for verification. High performance liquid chromatography analysis was performed to determine the chemoprofile of this herb.@*RESULTS@#The acute toxicity result showed that rPN exerted higher acute toxicity than dPN in inducing death of larval zebrafishes (P<0.01). After daily oral intake for 21 days, dPN at doses of 0.5, 1.5 and 5.0 µ g/mL decreased the body weight, body length, and vertebral number of larval zebrafishes, indicating developmental toxicity of dPN. No other adverse outcome was observed during the experimental period. RNA-seq data revealed 38 genes differentially expressed in dPN-treated zebrafishes, of which carboxypeptidase A1 (cpa1) and opioid growth factor receptor-like 2 (ogfrl2) were identified as functional genes in regulating body development of zebrafishes. qPCR data showed that dPN significantly down-regulated the mRNA expressions of cpa1 and ogfrl2 (both P<0.01), verifying cpa1 and ogfrl2 as target genes for dPN.@*CONCLUSION@#This report uncovers the developmental toxicity of dPN, suggesting potential risk of its clinical application in children.


Subject(s)
Animals , Zebrafish/genetics , Saponins/pharmacology , Panax notoginseng/chemistry , Larva , Sequence Analysis, RNA
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 697-704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982015

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for neonatal asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture and establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted with 613 cases of neonatal asphyxia treated in 20 cooperative hospitals in Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture from January to December 2019 as the asphyxia group, and 988 randomly selected non-asphyxia neonates born and admitted to the neonatology department of these hospitals during the same period as the control group. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify risk factors for neonatal asphyxia. R software (4.2.2) was used to establish a nomogram model. Receiver operator characteristic curve, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis were used to assess the discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that minority (Tujia), male sex, premature birth, congenital malformations, abnormal fetal position, intrauterine distress, maternal occupation as a farmer, education level below high school, fewer than 9 prenatal check-ups, threatened abortion, abnormal umbilical cord, abnormal amniotic fluid, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, emergency caesarean section, and assisted delivery were independent risk factors for neonatal asphyxia (P<0.05). The area under the curve of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia based on these risk factors was 0.748 (95%CI: 0.723-0.772). The calibration curve indicated high accuracy of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia. The decision curve analysis showed that the model could provide a higher net benefit for neonates at risk of asphyxia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk factors for neonatal asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture are multifactorial, and the nomogram model based on these factors has good value in predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia, which can help clinicians identify neonates at high risk of asphyxia early, and reduce the incidence of neonatal asphyxia.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Female , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Cesarean Section , Risk Factors , Asphyxia Neonatorum/etiology
15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1287-1291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954847

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of supportive-expressive therapy (SET) on fear of progression and resilience in lymphoma patients, to provide reference for clinical nursing care.Methods:A total of 86 patients with lymphoma treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from February 2019 to September 2020 were divided into experimental group and control group according to random number table method, with 43 cases in each group. The control group was given conventional nursing, while the experimental group was applied with 6 times SET. Before and after intervention, the Fear of Progression Questionnaire-Short Form (FoP-Q-SF) and Connor Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) was evaluated between two groups.Results:Finally, 40 cases were included in the experimental group and 42 cases in the control group. There was no significant difference between each dimension and total score of the two groups before intervention ( P>0.05). After intervention, scores of physiological health dimension, social and family dimension, and total FoP-Q-SF were (14.90 ± 3.96) points, (15.03 ± 4.29) points and (29.93 ± 5.65) points in the experimental group, significantly lower than those in the control group (17.71 ± 3.38) points, (17.29 ± 4.03) points and (35.00 ± 5.57) points ( t=3.47, 2.46, 4.10, all P<0.05); scores of tenacity, strength, optimism dimension and total CD-RISC were (28.08 ± 4.47) points, (21.30 ± 5.58) points, (10.65 ± 2.97) points and (60.03 ± 8.42) points in the experimental group, significantly higher than those in the control group (24.31 ± 4.11) points, (17.98 ± 4.13) points, (9.26 ± 2.47) points and (51.55 ± 5.86) points, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.30-5.27, all P<0.05). Conclusions:SET can effectively alleviate the degree of fear of progression and promote resilience of lymphoma patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1325-1330, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrieve, evaluate and integrate relevant evidence on the management of the developmentally supportive environment in the neonatal intensive care unit(NICU), and to provide clinical references.Methods:Evidence on NICU environmental management was retrieved from Guidelines International Network, Joanna Briggs Institute, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Scottish Intercollegiate Guide Network, National Guideline Clearinghouse, Registered Nurses′ Association of Ontario, Yimaitong and other Websites, BMJ Best Practice, UpToDate, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Wanfang Database, CNKI and other database.The evidence included guidelines, evidence summaries, best clinical practice manuals, expert consensus and systematic reviews.The date limit was from the establishment of the databases to March 31, 2021.Results:Totally 16 articles were involved, including 4 guidelines, 9 systematic reviews, and 3 expert consensus.Finally, 20 pieces of best evidence on four aspects were su-mmarized: sound, light, touch, and smell.There were 11 A-level recommendations and 9 B-level recommendations.The evidence suggested that health care workers should reduce noise and protect premature infants from being exposed to bright light, noxious gases, and negative touch stimuli.Besides, benign auditory and olfactory stimuli, circadian light, and mother-infant skin-to-skin contact should be used to promote the development of premature infants.Conclusions:This study is a summary of the recommendations on NICU environmental management.It is well-designed and has achieved fruitful results, showing great significance for reducing environmental stress of premature infants in the NICU.However, the current recommended methods for providing benign stimulation require validation of more high-quality, well-designed research.It is recommended that medical staff should selectively apply the evidence to clinical practice according to the actual situation.

17.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1219-1223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964218

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the late detection of HIV/AIDS cases in the elderly in Jilin Province and analyze its influencing factors, to provide theoretical basis for improving their life quality. MethodsThe first CD4 values of HIV/AIDS patients aged 50 years and above living in Jilin Province were used to estimate late detection, and the influencing factors of late detection in elderly cases were analyzed. ResultsThe average CD4 cell count of newly reported HIV/AIDS cases aged 50 and above in Jilin Province from 1996 to 2021 was (230.55±191.97), the low value group accounted for the largest proportion (50.8%), and the late detection rate was 59.3% (1397/2325). The late detection cases were mainly from sexual transmission (46.8% for same-sex and 48.2% for heterosexual contact). From the perspective of sample sources, most of the late detection patients were diagnosed while testing for other illnesses, followed by testing and consulting. In terms of contact history, the late detection of cases of men who have sex with men was higher. The binary logistic regression analysis showed that gender, marriage, sample source and report year were the factors affecting the late detection of AIDS. The late detection rate of males was higher, and cases of married couples were more likely to be late detection. With the increase of report year, the late detection rate decreased, and testing and counseling could effectively reduce the late detection rate of AIDS. ConclusionThe CD4 cell count in the first detection of HIV/AIDS in the elderly in Jilin Province is low, and the late detection rate of male cases is high. In recent years, the expansion of voluntary counseling and testing in Jilin Province has effectively reduced the late detection rate of HIV/AIDS. At the same time, sex education should be strengthened for the elderly, healthy marital relationships should be advocated and more attention should be paid to the mental health of the elderly.

18.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 1101-1104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990946

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of CT portal vein imaging combined with liver function indexes in predicting the risk of esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis.Methods:A total of 82 patients with liver cirrhosis complicated with gastric fundus esophageal varices in Wanbei Coal-Electricity Group General Hospital were selected and divided into bleeding group (24 cases) and non-bleeding group (58 cases) according to the occurrence of gastric fundus esophageal varices bleeding within 6 weeks after admission. General data of the two groups, CT portal vein imaging parameters at admission including diameter of main portal vein (MPV), diameter of splenic vein (SPV), diameter of left gastric vein (LGV), serum liver function indexes including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL) levels were compared between the two groups, and analyzed the value of CT portal vein imaging parameters and serum liver function indexes levels in predicting the risk of gastric fundus esophageal varices bleeding.Results:The age and diameter of MPV, SPV, LGV in bleeding group were higher than those in the non-bleeding group: (55.17 ± 12.02) years vs. (53.71 ± 10.48) years, (18.05 ± 2.74) mm vs. (15.22 ± 2.18) mm, (13.68 ± 1.35) mm vs. (12.26 ± 1.43) mm, (6.82 ± 1.38) mm vs. (5.30 ± 0.94) mm; the levels of serum ALT, AST, TBIL in bleeding group were lower than those in the non-bleeding group: (23.71 ± 5.74) U/L vs. (34.95 ± 8.26) U/L, (27.65 ± 6.61) U/L vs. (39.29 ± 10.24) U/L, (17.20 ± 5.49) U/L vs. (26.13 ± 7.85) U/L, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The results of receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of combined index to predict gastric fundus esophageal varices bleeding was 0.889 (95% CI 0.812-0.967), and the sensitivity and specificity were 83.34% and 81.03%, respectively. Conclusions:CT portal vein imaging combined with liver function indexes has a good value in predicting the risk of gastric fundus esophageal varices bleeding in liver cirrhosis.

19.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 234-240, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987410

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the social support status and influencing factors of schizophrenics in remission in Northeast Sichuan, and to provide ideas for improving their social support. MethodsFrom May to September 2020, a total of 533 patients who met the diagnosis criteria of the International Classification of Diseases, tenth edition (ICD-10) for schizophrenics in remission at the mental health institutions in Guangyuan, Bazhong and Dazhou cities were selected for the survey, and patients were assessed by self-made demographic and clinical data inventory and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS). Then the social support status of schizophrenic in remission and influencing factors were analyzed, meantime, the impact of the second round reimbursement policy of medical insurance benefits on their social support was addressed particularly. Results①The SSRS total score, objective support, subjective support, and utilization of support scores of schizophrenics in remission were lower than those of the national norm (t=5.065~30.382, P<0.01). ②Univariate analysis showed that SSRS score was relatively high among patients with female gender (t=-3.632), retired status (F=5.951), married status (F=5.951), spouse as primary caregiver (F=23.841), annual household income >5 000 yuan (F=15.892), patient's economic income (t=4.083), and outpatient or online follow-up (F=3.954), with statistically significant differences (P<0.05 or 0.01). ③The total and dimensional scores of SSRS in patients with access to the second round medical insurance reimbursement were significantly higher than those without (t=10.195~25.103, P<0.01). ④Multiple linear regression analysis denoted that gender, work status, marital status, primary caregivers, annual family income, economic income, follow-up visits and the second round medical insurance reimbursement were the factors influencing social support status of schizophrenics in remission (β=0.201~2.115, P<0.05 or 0.01). ConclusionThe social support of schizophrenics in remission in Northeast Sichuan is below the national average, furthermore, their social support levels are affected by the gender, work status, marital status, primary caregivers, annual family income, economic income, follow-up visits and the second round medical insurance reimbursement, and the second round medical insurance reimbursement may ameliorate the social support status of patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 863-865, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958153

ABSTRACT

We report a case of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) caused by anti-c antibody. The baby boy presented progressive jaundice on his face and trunk one hour after birth. Total bilirubin of 168.1 μmol/L was detected six hours after birth and positive results of direct antiglobulin test, serum free antibody test, and erythrocyte releasing antibody test were obtained. His blood type was O and RhDCcEe, while his mother was A and RhDCCee. IgG anti-c antibodies were identified in the maternal blood serum with the titer of 1∶4. After phototherapy, immunoglobulin infusion, and medication, the boy was recovered and discharged from the hospital. The boy was normal in both physical and neurobehavioral development at one and three months after discharge.

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