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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 203-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide re ference for accurate measurem ent of population health status ,pharmacoeconomic evaluation and guidance of health resource allocation. METHODS Using quota and convenient sampling ,five administrative villages were selected from the rural areas under the jurisdiction of Liuzhi special zone ,Qianxi city and Jianhe county of Guizhou province from July to September 2020. Based on the gender and age ratio quota of rural population in the results of the national census,330 respondents were selected for questionnaire survey. The contents of the questionnaire included the self-made scale containing sociodemographic characteristics and general health information ,five-level EuroQoL five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L,hereinafter referred to as the “new dimension scale ”)with cognitive dimensions (including attention ,memory, computing ability and learning ability )and mini-mental state examination (MMSE). The effects of reliability ,validity and new dimensions of new dimension scale on respond ents’quality of life were investigate ,and its measurement characteristics were verified;the application value of it in pharmacoeconomic hy_cheer@126.com evaluation and guiding the allocation of health resources were explored. RESULTS A total of 330 questionnaires weredistributed,320 were recovered and 320 were effective. The recovery rate and effective rate were 96.97% and 100% respectively. The ceiling effect of new dimension scale was 13.44%,the split-half reliability was 0.821,and the overall Cronbach ’s α was 0.852. Exploratory factor analysis showed that the new dimension scale was loaded with physiological ,cognitive and psychological factors ,and the cumulative contribution rate was 69.35%. The correlation coefficient between the new dimension and the dimension of MMSE scale were 0.19-0.61,showing a moderate or medium to strong correlation (P<0.01). Compared with EQ- 5D-5L,after adding each dimension ,the interpretation ability of the regression model was improved by 5.00%-17.50%. CONCLUSIONS The new dimension scale has high feasibility ,good reliability and validity ,significantly reduces the ceiling effect of EQ- 5D-5L,has higher sensitivity to the evaluation of people ’s quality of life,and can better evaluate the quality of life of rural population. It is suggested that it can be applied for quality of life evaluation,intervention effect analysis and related economic evaluation.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 653-660, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide the suggestions for improving t he enthusiasm of the public to report adverse drug reactions (ADRs),promoting pharmaceutical manufacturers to improve the smoothness of ADR reporting channels by the public and the enthusiasm of assuming the main responsibility for drug safety ,and to provide reference for the performance of drug safety supervision by regulatory departments in China. METHODS Taking 180 pharmaceutical manufacturers that had entered the top 1 000 in the world as the objects ,the questionnaire was prepared to investigate the smoothness of ADR reporting channels through 4 channels:contact number ,e-mail,official website and new media (including Wechat and microblog ) of enterprise . The questionnaire involved the establishment of public reporting channels ,the records and the feedback of enterprises. The existing problems were analyzed and suggestions were put forward. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS More than 70% of pharmaceutical manufacturers in China had established the channels for reporting ADR by the public ,which were mainly regular channels such as contact numbers and e-mail ,and each channel had the phenomenon that ADR information couldn ’t be reported. More than 60% of the public channels established by manufactures lacked inquiry and supplement for the miss ing part of th e reported information ; only 24 pharmaceutical manufacturers provided feedback on ADR information ,and the feedback contents were monotonous. gywf2021-11It is suggested that pharmaceutical manufacturers should pay more attention to ADR monitoring among the public ,consider increasing multiple reporting channels while ensuring the smoothness of channels ,strengthen the training of employee ’s information collection ability to improve the quality of information ,timely feed back the ADR information reported by the public , and increase the feedback content concerned by the public.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922533

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a worldwide life-threatening pandemic. Lianhua Qingwen is believed to possess the ability to treat or significantly improve the symptoms of COVID-19. These claims make it important to systematically evaluate the effects of using Lianhua Qingwen with Western medicine to treat COVID-19.@*OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combination therapy, employing Lianhua Qingwen with Western medicine, to treat COVID-19, using a meta-analysis approach.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies evaluating the effect of Lianhua Qingwen-Western medicine combination therapy in the treatment of COVID-19.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#(1) Research object: hospitalized patients meeting the diagnostic criteria of COVID-19 were included. (2) Intervention measures: patients in the treatment group received Lianhua Qingwen treatment combined with Western medicine, while the control group received either Western medicine or Chinese medicine treatment. (3) Research type: randomized controlled trials and retrospective study were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two researchers extracted the first author, the proportion of males and females, age, body temperature, course of treatment, rate of disappearance of main symptoms, duration of fever, adverse reactions, and total effectiveness from the literature. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used as the effect value for count data, and mean difference (MD) and 95% CI were used as the effect value for measurement data.@*RESULTS@#Six articles met the inclusion criteria, including a total of 856 COVID-19 patients. The meta-analysis showed that Lianhua Qingwen combination therapy achieved higher rates of fever reduction (OR = 3.43, 95% CI [1.78, 6.59], P = 0.0002), cough reduction (OR = 3.39, 95% CI [1.85, 6.23], P < 0.0001), recovery from shortness of breath (OR = 10.62, 95% CI [3.71, 30.40], P < 0.0001) and recovery from fatigue (OR = 2.82, 95% CI [1.44, 5.53], P = 0.003), higher total effectiveness rate (OR = 2.51, 95% CI [1.73, 3.64], P < 0.00001), and shorter time to recovery from fever (MD = -1.00, 95% CI [-1.04, 0.96], P < 0.00001), and did not increase the adverse reaction rate (OR = 0.65, 95% CI [0.42, 1.01], P = 0.06), compared to the single medication control.@*CONCLUSION@#The Lianhua Qingwen and Western medicine combination therapy is highly effective for COVID-19 patients and has good clinical safety. As only a small number of studies and patients were included in this review, more high-quality, multicenter, large-sample-size, randomized, double-blind, controlled trials are still needed for verification.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Male , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Pandemics , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920830

ABSTRACT

@#Surgery is an accepted standard in the treatment of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG), but the efficacy of surgery alone for locally advanced AEG is limited. In-depth studies concerning combined therapy for AEG have been carried out worldwide, including neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT), neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT), perioperative chemotherapy (pCT), postoperative chemoradiotherapy, etc. Significantly, the contribution of nCRT and pCT to improving the prognosis of locally advanced AEG patients has been shed light on. Compared with that, multimodality treatment for AEG patients is not well established in China. An attempt was thus made to take an overview of the evidence-based research advance regarding integrated therapy of AEG.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905298

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical outcomes of our modified postoperative rehabilitation program after total arthroscopic Latarjet procedure. Methods:From July, 2017 to March, 2019, 32 patients suffered from habitual anterior shoulder dislocation were treated with arthroscopic Latarjet procedure in our medical center. They were randomly assigned to control group (n = 15) and experimental group (n = 17). The control group received conventional rehabilitation program after shoulder arthroscopic Bankart repair, while the experimental group received modified rehabilitation program after arthroscopic Latarjet procedure. After surgery, they followed our postoperative management and rehabilitation program, and finished every phase of follow-up. Before and three weeks and six weeks after surgery, they were accessed with Visual Analogue Score (VAS) for pain, active range of motion (AROM) and functional assessment. Twelve months after surgery, their satisfaction were compared. Results:None of them was lost at one-year follow-up postoperatively. No recurrent dislocation occurred. Three months after surgery, the VAS, AROM and the scores of shoulder functional assessments were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.149, P < 0.05). Six months after surgery, no significant difference was found in VAS and AROM between two groups (|t| < 1.481, P > 0.05), and the scores of shoulder functional assessments were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.300, P < 0.05). Twelve months after surgery, the percentage of restored throwing ability and patients' satisfaction (t = -4.564, P < 0.001) were higher in the experimental group than in the control group. Conclusion:Compared with the conventional rehabilitation program after shoulder arthroscopic Bankart repair, modified postoperative rehabilitation program for arthroscopic Latarjet procedure is safer and more effective, which could bring better functional outcomes and higher patients' satisfaction.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904632

ABSTRACT

Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle is centered on Chengdu City and Chongqing Municipality, with aims to build the “fourth growth pole” of China’s economy. During this circle, elimination of schistosomiasis had been achieved in 82.5% of the endemic counties (districts) of Sichuan Province, and schistosomiasis is not historically endemic in Chongqing Municipality; however, there is still a risk of schistosmiasis transmission in Sichuan Province and Chongqing Municipality because the natural and social factors affecting schistosomiasis transmission have not been completely eliminated in these areas. Based on the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in Sichuan Province and Chongqing Municipality, we analyzed the opportunities and challenges of schistosomiasis control during the construction of Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle, and proposed the corresponding suggestions, so as to provide insights into the sustainable development of schistosomiasis control in the context of the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle construction.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903950

ABSTRACT

The beneficial effects of hypoxic preconditioning are abolished in the diabetes. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of repeated episodes of whole body hypoxic preconditioning (WBHP) in db/db mice. The protective effects of preconditioning were explored on diabetesinduced vascular dysfunction, cognitive impairment and ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced increase in myocardial injury. Sixteen-week old db/db (diabetic) and C57BL/6 (non-diabetic) mice were employed. There was a significant impairment in cognitive function (Morris Water Maze test), endothelial function (acetylcholineinduced relaxation in aortic rings) and a significant increase in IR-induced heart injury (Langendorff apparatus) in db/db mice. WBHP stimulus was given by exposing mice to four alternate cycles of low (8%) and normal air O2 for 10 min each. A single episode of WBHP failed to produce protection; however, two and three episodes of WBHP significantly produced beneficial effects on the heart, brain and blood vessels. There was a significant increase in the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nitric oxide (NO) in response to 3 episodes of WBHP. Moreover, pretreatment with the BDNF receptor, TrkB antagonist (ANA-12) and NO synthase inhibitor (LNAME) attenuated the protective effects imparted by three episodes of WBHP. These pharmacological agents abolished WBHP-induced restoration of p-GSK-3β/GSK-3β ratio and Nrf2 levels in IR-subjected hearts. It is concluded that repeated episodes of WHBP attenuate cognitive impairment, vascular dysfunction and enhancement in IRinduced myocardial injury in diabetic mice be due to increase in NO and BDNF levels that may eventually activate GSK-3β and Nrf2 signaling pathway to confer protection.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914192

ABSTRACT

Background@#Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by elevated fasting glucagon and impaired suppression of postprandial glucagon secretion, which may participate in diabetic complications. Therefore, we investigated the associations of plasma glucagon with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), albuminuria and diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in T2DM patients. @*Methods@#Fasting glucagon and postchallenge glucagon (assessed by area under the glucagon curve [AUCgla]) levels were determined during oral glucose tolerance tests. Patients with an eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 and/or a urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥30 mg/g who presented with diabetic retinopathy were identified as having DKD. @*Results@#Of the 2,436 recruited patients, fasting glucagon was correlated with eGFR and UACR (r=–0.112 and r=0.157, respectively; P<0.001), and AUCgla was also correlated with eGFR and UACR (r=–0.267 and r=0.234, respectively; P<0.001). Moreover, 31.7% (n=771) presented with DKD; the prevalence of DKD was 27.3%, 27.6%, 32.5%, and 39.2% in the first (Q1), second (Q2), third (Q3), and fourth quartile (Q4) of fasting glucagon, respectively; and the corresponding prevalence for AUCgla was 25.9%, 22.7%, 33.7%, and 44.4%, respectively. Furthermore, after adjusting for other clinical covariates, the adjusted odds ratios (ORs; 95% confidence intervals) for DKD in Q2, Q3, and Q4 versus Q1 of fasting glucagon were 0.946 (0.697 to 1.284), 1.209 (0.895 to 1.634), and 1.521 (1.129 to 2.049), respectively; the corresponding ORs of AUCgla were 0.825 (0.611 to 1.114), 1.323 (0.989 to 1.769), and 2.066 (1.546 to 2.760), respectively. Additionally, when we restricted our analysis in patients with glycosylated hemoglobin <7.0% (n=471), we found fasting glucagon and AUCgla were still independently associated with DKD. @*Conclusion@#Both increased fasting and postchallenge glucagon levels were independently associated with DKD in T2DM patients.

9.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 553-561, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913450

ABSTRACT

Background@#Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) leads to thinning of scalp hair and affects 60%~70% of the adult population worldwide. Developing more effective treatments and studying its mechanism are of great significance. Previous clinical studies have revealed that hair growth is stimulated by 650-nm red light. @*Objective@#This study aimed to explore the effect and mechanism of 650-nm red light on the treatment of AGA by using ex vivo hair follicle culture. @*Methods@#Human hair follicles were obtained from hair transplant patients with AGA. Hair follicles were cultured in Williams E medium and treated with or without 650-nm red light.Real-time RT-PCR and immunofluorescence staining were used to detect the expression level of genes and proteins in hair follicles, respectively. RNA-sequencing analysis was carried out to reveal the distinct gene signatures upon 650 nm treatment. @*Results@#Low-level 650 nm red light promoted the proliferation of human hair follicles in the experimental cultured-tissue model. Consistently, 650 nm red light significantly delayed the transition of hair cycle from anagen to catagen in vitro. RNA-seq analysis and gene clustering for the differentially expressed genes suggests that leukocyte transendothelial migration, metabolism, adherens junction and other biological process maybe involved in stimulation of hair follicles by 650-nm red light treatment. @*Conclusion@#The effect of 650-nm red light on ex vivo hair follicles and the transcriptome set which implicates the role of red light in promoting hair growth and reversing of miniaturization process of AGA were identified.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913069

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiology of echinococcosis in Serthar County, Sichuan Province, so as to provide insights into optimization of echinococcosis control measures. Methods The prevalence of human echinococcosis was surveyed among permanent residents living in Serthar County at ages of over 2 years from 2016 to 2019, and the prevalence of Echinococcus infections was surveyed in owned dogs, yaks and rodents in 2019. The epidemiological features of echinococcosis in humans and animals were descriptively analyzed. Results The overall prevalence of human echinococcosis was 3.72% (1 613/43 362) in Serthar County from 2016 to 2019, and the prevalence rates of cystic echinococcosis, alveolar echinococcosis and mixed infections of cystic echinococcosis and alveolar echinococcosis were 1.72% (745/43 362), 1.98% (860/43 362) and 0.02% (8/43 362), respectively. The prevalence of human echinococcosis was higher in pastoral areas (4.13%, 1 577/38 149) than in semi-agricultural and semi-pastoral areas (0.69%, 36/5 213) (χ2 = 151.82, P < 0.05); however, there was no significant difference in the prevalence between men (3.76%, 819/21 787) and women (3.68%, 794/21 575) (χ2 = 0.19, P > 0.05). Cystic echinococcosis was the predominant type in students with echinococcosis (93.78%, 422/450), while alveolar echinococcosis was the predominant type in herders with echinococcosis (72.16%, 801/1 110). There was a significant difference in the constituent ratio of echinococcosis types between students and herders (χ2 = 588.57, P < 0.05). In addition, higher prevalence of echinococcosis was detected in nomadic populations (4.58%, 1 008/22 021) than in community-dwelling populations (2.83%, 605/21 341) (χ2 = 91.88, P < 0.05). The Echinococcus copro-antigen-positive rate was 0.19% (4/2 157) in owned dogs, and the detection rate of echinococcosis was 8.00% (16/200) in yaks and 3.10% (31/1 000) in rodents in 2019. Conclusions Echinococcosis is highly prevalent in Serthar County, Sichuan Province. Sustained management of source of Echinococcus infections, improved treatment of echinococcosis patients and timely health education for nomadic populations are recommended.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912769

ABSTRACT

Talents constitute key resources for the development of healthcare sector, and studying abroad is an important and effective means for their training. Based on the analysis of the current status of China′s international talents training project of hospitals, this study summarized existing problems in such training. The authors covered such six aspects as lawful standardization of project management methods, selection of trainees by levels and by types, innovation of the process tracking management mechanisms and strengthened full-process assessment, all dimensional institutional support, consolidation of the responsibilities by individual disciplines in talent team building, and measures to cope with the impact of COVID-19. In accordance with the research results, the study analyzed the exploration and practice of the international training project under the " Elite Talents Cultivation Project" of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, and raised targeted recommendations on attention to the strategic and forward-looking planning, precise setup of training goal categories, classified evaluation of study results, and lawful management among others.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To better understand the development of domestic drug clinical trial ethical review related research, and provide possible reference for future studies.Methods:The data were searched and extracted from the databases such as CNKI, WANFANG. Research Papers on Ethical Review of drug clinical trials in China from 2003 to 2020 were reviewed. Bibliometric and visualization method was used to analyze the number of publications, journal categories, authors, key words, et al.Results:336 papers were selected according to the criteria. The number of published papers was increasing slowly during the years. These papers were published in 107 journals, authors from the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine participated in the largest publications. Beijing, Jiangsu and Shanghai ranked among the top three in terms of papers published by medical and scientific research institutions. The largest numbers of such paper were published in Chinese Journal of Medical Ethics (53). The most collaborative authors were Xiong Ningning, Liu Haitao, Lu Qi, Wang Xiuqin, Wu Cuiyun. The research hotspots were human subject protection, post-approval management, multi-center clinical trials, pregnant participant, clinical trials involving children, Good Clinical Practice and COVID-19 in recent years. There were about 11 kinds of research funding from provincial level and higher. Conclusions:It is helpful for researchers to understand the knowledge structures, latest progress, seeking for cooperation and communication, improvement and paper submission in their fields of ethical review through bibliometrics and visualization analysis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1294-1300, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application value of the histogram features of quantitative parameters from synthetic MRI in predicting the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in breast invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and to compare the prediction efficiency with that of ADC histogram parameters.Methods:A total of 195 patients with breast lesions were prospectively enrolled in the Fudan University Cancer Hospital, from January 2020 to September 2020. All patients underwent preoperative synthetic MRI, DWI and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI). All surgical specimens were confirmed by pathology. The histogram features of the quantitative parameters [T 1, T 2, and proton density (PD)] and ADC values were extracted by PyRadiomics software. Student t test or Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the histogram characteristics of quantitative parameters (T 1, T 2, and PD) and ADC values between HER2-positive and HER2-negative breast cancers. The diagnostic efficacy of the variables in predicting HER2 expression state was evaluated using the area under curve (AUC) value of ROC. Results:A total of 122 patients with breast IDC were included into analysis, with 31 of HER2-positive and 91 of HER2-negative. There was no significant difference in the clinicopathological characteristics between HER2-positive and HER2-negative breast IDC patients. Univariate analysis showed that there was statistically significant difference in PD-median [79.80 (75.90, 83.90)ms vs. 76.56 (72.59, 79.09) ms, Z=-3.46, P<0.01], PD-mean [78.89 (74.80, 84.01) ms vs. 75.99 (71.70, 78.63) ms, Z=-2.61, P=0.01], PD-Kurtosis [6.45(3.45, 7.54) vs. 5.04 (3.55, 5.58), Z=-2.21, P=0.03], T 1-10 th percentile [731.52 (668.50, 975.39) ms vs. 726.51 (588.38, 852.19) ms, Z=-2.54, P=0.01], T 1-mean [1 161.97 (1 063.56, 1 253.78) ms vs. 1 072.75 (989.39, 1 154.04)ms, Z=-2.21, P=0.03] and ADC-Kurtosis [4.75 (2.72, 5.91) vs. 3.82 (2.69, 4.39), Z=-2.43, P=0.02] between HER2 positive and negative breast IDC patients. Multivariate analysis showed that PD-median ( P=0.004) and T 1-mean ( P=0.004) were independent risk factors for HER2 expression. The ROC curve of HER2 expression predicted by this model showed an AUC was 0.853(95%CI 0.779-0.926), with a sensitivity of 71% and a specificity of 81%. The ROC curve of ADC-Kurtosis for predicting the expression of HER2 showed that the AUC was 0.714 (95%CI 0.611-0.817), with the sensitivity of 45%, and the specificity of 85%. DeLong test showed that the diagnostic efficacy of quantitative parameters from synthetic MRI in predicting the status of HER2 was higher than that of ADC histogram parameters ( Z=2.18, P=0.04). Conclusion:Histogram features of synthetic MRI quantitative parameters contribute to the prediction of HER2 expression status in IDC and may therefore contribute to the determination of individualized anti-HER2 targeted therapy strategies.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of ureteral endometriosis with hydronephrosis.Methods:A retrospective study was performed of 92 cases diagnosed as ureteral endometriosis with surgery confirmed in Peking University First Hospital from January 2000 to January 2021.Results:The incidence of ureteral endometriosis was 0.9% (92/10 222), with an average age of (40.0±6.0) years. Among 92 cases, urological symptoms and pelvic pain including dysmenorrheal, periodic abdominal pain were the main forms of clinical characteristics, while 11 patients (12%, 11/92) were asymptomatic. All patients with ureteral endometriosis had hydronephrosis and hydroureter before surgery, hydronephrosis were left sided in 48 (52%, 48/92) patients, right sided in 39 (42%, 39/92) patients, both sided in 5 (5%,5/92) patients. The distal and middle sections of ureteral obstructions existed in 73 (79%, 73/92) patients and 19 (21%, 19/92) patients, respectively. Out of the 92 ureteral lesions 71 (77%, 71/92) patients were extrinsic lesions, 21 (23%, 21/92) patients presented intrinsic lesions. Of the 38 cases who took preoperative radionuclide renal dynamic imaging examination, there were 6 (16%, 6/38) cases of mildly damaged, 7 (18%, 7/38) cases of moderately dameged, 14 (37%, 14/38) cases of severely damaged, and 11 (29%, 11/38) cases of normal renal function. Laparotomy was decided in 25 (27%, 25/92) patients, and laparoscopic surgery in 67 (73%, 67/92) patients. In cases of ureteral surgery, ureterolysis, partial ureteral resection and ureterocystoneostomy, partial ureteral resection and end-to-end ureteral anastomosis and nephroureterectomy were undertaken in 52 (57%, 52/92), 20 (22%, 20/92), 12 (13%, 12/92) and 8 (9%, 8/92) patients separately. The median follow up was 108 months (range: 6 to 240 months). During the follow-up period, 68 (87%, 68/78) patients took urinary ultrasound after surgery, and 60 (88%, 60/68) cases of hydronephrosis disappeared, and 8 (12%, 8/68) cases were better than before.Conclusion:Most of the patients with ureteral endometriosis are impaired with renal function, and early surgical treatment could effectively relieve urinary obstruction and promote the recovery of renal function.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909818

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with nocardiosis, so as to improve the diagnosis and treatment of nocardia infection in the future.Methods:From May 2016 to October 2020, 24 patients with nocardiosis in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University were enrolled, and their clinical data including clinical features, laboratory examinations, imaging findings, diagnosis and treatment process, and outcome were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 24 patients with nocardiosis, 18 cases (75.0%) were males, and the median age was 54.5 years.Twenty-three patients had underlying diseases, of which the most common disease was antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-related vasculitis (16.7%(4/24)). Of nine species of Nocardia identified from the 24 patients, Nocardia farcinica was the most common species (seven cases). The lesion sites were mainly lungs (70.8%(17/24)), skin and soft tissues (42.0%(10/24)), brain (25.0%(6/24)) and blood system (17.0%(4/24)). There were 12 cases (50.0%) of patients with more than two lesion sites. The clinical manifestations, imaging examinations and laboratory tests of the 24 patients were not specific. The diagnosis depended on the etiology. Nineteen patients received trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-based combination therapy, and two were discontinued due to adverse reactions of sulfa drugs. After treatment, 19 cases (79.2%) were improved and five cases (20.8%) died. Conclusions:Patients with nocardiosis often have atypical clinical manifestations, and multiple organs are easily affected.Early and accurate identification and rapid and effective anti-biotic therapy are the keys to improve the overall prognosis of these patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909596

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Previous studies showed that over activation of NMDA receptors may be a crucial cause of long-term potentiation (LTP) and cognitive impairment induced by stress or corticosterone. However, other studies showed that the function of NMDA receptors is insufficient since the NMDA receptors co-agonist D-serine could improve stress-induced cognitive impairment. The purpose of this study is to clarify whether over activation of NMDA receptors or hypofunction of NMDA receptors is involved in hippocampal impairment of LTP by corticosterone and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS Cort was injected subcutaneously 1 h before the high-frequency stimulation (HFS) to induce LTP impairment. NMDA receptor antagonists and agonists were administrated by icv. RESULTS Hippocampal LTP and object location recognition memory were impaired in corticosterone-treated mice. Corticosterone increased the gluta?mate level in hippocampal tissues, neither NMDA receptors antagonist nor its subtype antagonists alleviated impairment of LTP, while enhancing the function of NMDA receptors by D-serine did alleviate impairment of LTP by corticosterone, suggesting that hypofunction of NMDA receptors might be one of the main reasons for impairment of LTP by corticoste?rone. Further results showed that the level of D-serine and its precursor L-serine did not change. D-serine release-related protein Na+-independent alanine-serine-cysteine transporter-1 (ASC-1) in the cell membrane was decreased and increas?ing D-serine release by the selective activator of ASC-1 antiporter activity alleviated impairment of LTP by corticoste?rone. CONCLUSION Taken together, this study demonstrates that hypofunction of NMDA receptors may be involved in impairment of LTP by corticosterone and reduced D-serine release may be an important reason for its hypofunction, which is an important complement to existing mechanisms of corticosterone-induced LTP and cognitive impairment.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore how to carry out endoscopic skill training in undergraduate medical education and evaluate the teaching effect of modular skill training using endoscopic simulator.Methods:After completing the basic teaching content of the surgical practice course, we added the learning course of the basic theory and basic operation of endoscopy to the students of Clinical Medicine Department from Nantong University. In the experimental group, 292 students were trained by the modular training using the endoscopic simulator. The control group consisted of 114 students, who were treated with ordinary video teaching and instrument operation exercises. After the same class hours of training, the two groups of students were evaluated with intermittent suture and knotting under endoscope as the skill assessment criteria. The chi-square test was performed using SPSS 19.0.Results:The excellent rate and qualified rate of the medical students after the modular training of the endoscopic simulator were 7.5% and 42.8% respectively, which were significantly higher than 0% and 11.4% of the control group, while the unqualified rate of the experimental group was 49.7%, which was also lower than 88.6% of the control group, with significant differences ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Modular training using endoscopic simulator helps the medical undergraduates to quickly increase the ability of endoscopic operation. And in the stage of undergraduate, medical education implementation of the training can shorten the learning curve of endoscopic skills for medical students after they enter clinical practice.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907341

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism and early neurological deterioration (END) in Han population with acute ischemic stroke in Chengdu area, and the interaction with other traditional risk factors.Methods:Consecutive Han patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, the Third People's Hospital of Chengdu from January 2017 to June 2019 were enrolled prospectively. Using the candidate gene association study method, MTHFR gene C677T polymorphism was used as a genetic marker to analyze the correlation between END and MTHFR gene polymorphism, and analyze the interaction of gene-END traditional risk factors.Results:A total of 434 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled in the study, and 129 had END (29.7%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hyperglycemia (odds ratio [ OR] 2.410, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.436-4.046; P<0.001), hyperhomocysteinemia ( OR 2.570, 95% CI 1.229-5.376; P=0.012) and moderate to severe neurological deficit (baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score >5) ( OR 2.158, 95% CI 1.337-3.484; P=0.002) at admission were independently correlated with END. There was a correlation between C677T polymorphism and END. TT genotype ( OR 1.710, 95% CI 1.021-2.863; P=0.002) and A allele ( OR 1.583, 95% CI 1.181-2.121; P=0.002) could significantly increase the risk of END. Interaction analysis showed that there was interaction effect between C677T polymorphism and hyperglycemia at admission, alcohol drinking and moderate to severe neurological deficit. Interaction could increase the risk of END, but it did not reach statistical significance ( OR 1.237, 95% CI 0.227-6.734; P=0.806). Conclusion:MTHFR gene C677T polymorphism and hyperhomocysteinemia are associated with END in Han population with acute ischemic stroke in Chengdu area.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906040

ABSTRACT

As a new technology with unique drug delivery advantages, nanoemulsion has been widely used in the field of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparations. By searching, classifying and sorting out the literature reports at home and abroad in recent years, this paper systematically expounded the application advantages and production mechanism of nanoemulsion in delivering effective components of TCM from three aspects of improving oral bioavailability, enhancing targeting effect and delaying drug release. The current formulation optimization strategies, preparation processes and quality evaluation indicators commonly used in TCM nanoemulsion were summarized. Based on the research status of TCM nanoemulsion with different active components, the common problems and possible solutions in the development of TCM nanoemulsion were discussed, and the future research hotspots and directions of TCM nanoemulsion were prospected. This article clarifies the feasibility of nanoemulsion for enriching the selection of TCM dosage forms, which can provide reference for the subsequent rational design and improvement of TCM preparations. At the same time, it is revealed that the research focus of TCM nanoemulsion in the future lies in the integrated research of TCM compounds, and shows a trend of multi-disciplinary joint and targeted research.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896246

ABSTRACT

The beneficial effects of hypoxic preconditioning are abolished in the diabetes. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of repeated episodes of whole body hypoxic preconditioning (WBHP) in db/db mice. The protective effects of preconditioning were explored on diabetesinduced vascular dysfunction, cognitive impairment and ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced increase in myocardial injury. Sixteen-week old db/db (diabetic) and C57BL/6 (non-diabetic) mice were employed. There was a significant impairment in cognitive function (Morris Water Maze test), endothelial function (acetylcholineinduced relaxation in aortic rings) and a significant increase in IR-induced heart injury (Langendorff apparatus) in db/db mice. WBHP stimulus was given by exposing mice to four alternate cycles of low (8%) and normal air O2 for 10 min each. A single episode of WBHP failed to produce protection; however, two and three episodes of WBHP significantly produced beneficial effects on the heart, brain and blood vessels. There was a significant increase in the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nitric oxide (NO) in response to 3 episodes of WBHP. Moreover, pretreatment with the BDNF receptor, TrkB antagonist (ANA-12) and NO synthase inhibitor (LNAME) attenuated the protective effects imparted by three episodes of WBHP. These pharmacological agents abolished WBHP-induced restoration of p-GSK-3β/GSK-3β ratio and Nrf2 levels in IR-subjected hearts. It is concluded that repeated episodes of WHBP attenuate cognitive impairment, vascular dysfunction and enhancement in IRinduced myocardial injury in diabetic mice be due to increase in NO and BDNF levels that may eventually activate GSK-3β and Nrf2 signaling pathway to confer protection.

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