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1.
Digital Chinese Medicine ; (4): 210-220, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987648

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】  To predict the active components and action targets of Wuyao (Linderae Radix) in the treatment of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease (CPID) based on network pharmacology, explore possible mechanisms of the treatment through animal experiments, and provide a scientific basis for clinical applications of Wuyao (Linderae Radix). 【Methods】  Possible active components and targets of Wuyao (Linderae Radix) in the treatment of CPID were obtained applying network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. CPID rat models were established using the mixed Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Ureaplasma urealyticum plus the performance of mechanical injury. Hematoxylineosin (HE) staining was applied to observe the pathological changes in the uterus, fallopian tube, and spleens of rat models. The contents of nitric oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the serum of rats were determined with the use of corresponding detection kits. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test was used to measure the expression of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 in the serum of rat models. Flow cytometry was used to determine the percentage of CD4+ and CD8a+ T cells as well as CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the spleen of rat models. 【Results】  A total of nine potential active components and four core therapeutic targets related to inflammatory response in Wuyao (Linderae Radix) were obtained. The animal experiments showed that Wuyao (Linderae Radix) markedly inhibited uterus swelling, regulated morphological changes in the fallopian tube and spleen,  effectively reduced inflammatory infiltration and injuries in the uterus and fallopian tube, and improved spleen functions in CPID rats. Moreover, Wuyao (Linderae Radix) markedly reduced the levels of NO, IL-6, and MDA, and increased the levels of IL-10 and SOD in the serum of rats. Wuyao (Linderae Radix) also elevated the percentage of CD4+T cells and the CD4+ T/CD8a+ T cell ratio, reduced the percentage of CD8a+ T cells, and raised the percentage of CD4+ CD25+ Tregs that had been abnormally decreased in rat models (P < 0.05). 【Conclusion】  Wuyao (Linderae Radix) could have therapeutic effects on CPID rats by relieving oxidative stress, mitigating inflammatory levels, and regulating the immuno-function of T cell subgroups to improve the pathological changes in CPID rats. It is a medicinal herb worth being further explored for its clinical values.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 617-621, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972759

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the policies that are aimed at the prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents, and to provide a reference for the adjustment and optimization of follow up policies.@*Methods@#Based on policy tool theory, content analysis was performed to construct a two dimensional framework of "policy tools-policy objects" and a quantitative analysis of 43 national level policy texts related to the prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents.@*Results@#From the perspective of policy tools, environment oriented policy tools were the most widely applied (48.36%), followed by supply oriented tools (26.39%) and demand oriented tools (25.25%) which were used closely in frequency. From the perspective of policy objects, the texts put forward requirements in schools (26.15%) were the most and in society the least (6.18%).@*Conclusion@#The policies for the prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents should aim to improve the efficacy of supply based policy tools and increase the frequency with which demand based policy tools are adopted, while scientific research should be applied to optimize the quality of environment based policy tools.

3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e211035, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505835

ABSTRACT

Abstract Compound Danshen Dripping Pills (CDDPs) have been used in clinical treatment to protect the heart from ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury for many years. However, the underlying mechanism implicated in the protective effects remains to be explored. Here, we determined the effects of CDDPs in Sprague-Dawley rats with the IR model. Cardiac function in vivo was assessed by echocardiography. Transmission electron microscopy, histological and immunohistochemical techniques, Western blotting and recombinant adeno-associated virus 9 transfection were used to illustrate the effects of CDDPs on IR and autophagy. Our results showed that pretreatment with CDDPs decreased the level of serum myocardial enzymes and infarct size in rats after IR. Apoptosis evaluation showed that CDDPs significantly ameliorated the cardiac apoptosis level after IR. Meanwhile, CDDPs pretreatment increased myocardial autophagic flux, with upregulation of LC3B, downregulation of p62, and increased autophagosomes and autolysosomes. Moreover, the autophagic flux inhibitor chloroquine could increase IR injury, while CDDPs could partially reverse the effects. Furthermore, our results showed that the activation of AMPK/mTOR was involved in the cardioprotective effect exerted by CDDPs. Herein, we suggest that CDDPs partially protect the heart from IR injury by enhancing autophagic flux through the activation of AMPK/mTOR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion/classification , Reperfusion Injury/classification , Blotting, Western/instrumentation , Heart/physiopathology , Ischemia/classification , Echocardiography/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission/methods , Infarction/pathology
4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 720-726, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the inhibitory effect and mechanisms of action of mucopolysaccharide polysulfate cream on hypertrophic scar formation.Methods:Circular full-thickness wounds with a diameter of 6 mm were made in both ears of 16 New Zealand white rabbits to establish a rabbit ear model of hypertrophic scar. There were 3 hypertrophic scars in each rabbit ear. About 14 days after the operation, scars on the left ear were topically treated with mucopolysaccharide polysulfate cream, and served as the experimental group; scars on the right ear were topically treated with the cream vehicle, and served as vehicle control group. The dosage of topical agents for one rabbit ear was approximately 0.4 g, which were given twice a day for 6 consecutive weeks. Scar tissues were collected on days 0, 14 and 42, that is, 14, 28 and 56 after operation respectively, and subjected to hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, Masson staining and immunohistochemical study, so as to evaluate histopathological scores, measure the scar thickness and collagen fiber density, and determine the expression of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagen and the ratio of type Ⅰ/Ⅲ collagen. The t test and one-way analysis of variance were used to compare the indices between groups. Results:Compared with pretreatment histopathological manifestations, HE staining showed extensive extracellular matrix deposition, inflammatory cell infiltration and local hyperemia in the control group after 42-day treatment, but no obvious changes in the experimental group. The pathological scores of scar tissues on the rabbit ears significantly increased over time in the control group (days 0, 14 and 42: 4.16 ± 1.61, 6.50 ± 1.46, 6.53 ± 1.34, respectively; F = 13.69, P = 0.001) , while there was no significant change in the experimental group (days 0, 14 and 42: 4.65 ± 1.52, 5.13 ± 1.83, 5.38 ± 1.60, respectively; F = 0.78, P > 0.05) . Masson staining showed extremely high content of dark blue-dyed collagen fibers in the control group on day 42, but there was a decrease in the content of collagen fibers in the experimental group; with the increase in treatment duration, the thickness of scar tissues significantly increased in the control group compared with that before treatment ( F = 5.64, P = 0.007) , while there was no significant change in the experimental group ( F = 1.48, P > 0.05) . Immunohistochemical study revealed no significant change in the expression of type Ⅲ collagen in either the experimental group or the control group at any of the above posttreatment time points compared with that on day 0 ( F = 0.22, 0.92, respectively, both P > 0.05) , but the expression of type Ⅰ collagen and the ratio of type Ⅰ/Ⅲ collagen significantly increased in the control group ( F = 7.47, P < 0.001; F = 4.70, P = 0.005, respectively) . On day 42, the expression of type Ⅰ collagen and the ratio of type Ⅰ/Ⅲ collagen significantly decreased in the experimental group compared with the control group ( t = 3.04, P = 0.007; t = 2.35, P = 0.030, respectively) . Conclusion:Topical mucopolysaccharide polysulfate cream is effective in preventing and inhibiting scar hypertrophy by reducing the scar thickness and inhibiting the collagen fiber hyperplasia and type I collagen expression.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 61-68, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940693

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the intervention effect of Erxian decoction on intestinal microflora after ovariectomy in rats by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. MethodThirty-two female healthy SD rats were randomly divided into a Sham operation (Sham) group, a model (OVX) group, an estrogen (E) group, and an Erxian decoction (EXD) group, with 8 rats in each group. The rats in the E group and the EXD group received 1.8×10-4 g·kg-1 estradiol valerate solution and 9 g·kg-1 Erxian decoction, respectively, and those in the Sham group and the OVX group received an equal volume of distilled water once a day for 16 weeks. After 16 weeks, the levels of serum estrogen and blood lipid were detected. The fecal DNA was extracted, followed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and analysis. ResultCompared with the Sham group, the OVX group showed reduced serum estrogen level (P<0.01) and increased serum levels of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (P<0.05). Compared with the OVX group, the E group and the EXD group showed increased serum estrogen level (P<0.01) and reduced TC and LDL-C (P<0.05). Alpha diversity showed that there was no significant change in intestinal microflora diversity after ovariectomy. Beta diversity showed that there were significant differences in the structure of intestinal microflora in the four groups. The intervention of Erxian decoction could improve the changes in intestinal microflora after ovariectomy. LEfSe was used to analyze the differential flora in the four groups. The results showed that the Sham group and the OVX group had 3 differential bacterial phyla and 18 differential bacterial genera, the OVX group and the E group had 1 differential bacterial phylum and 12 differential bacterial genera, and the OVX group and the EXD group had 3 differential bacterial phyla and 5 differential bacterial genera. Estrogen intervention could reverse the change trend of Ruminococcus 1, Anaerovibrio, and Turicibacter in the OVX group. Erxian decoction intervention could reverse the change trend of Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Prevotella 9, Ruminococcaceae UCG-014, Ruminococcus 1, and Fusicatenibacter in the OVX group. ConclusionThe structure and function of intestinal microflora in ovariectomized rats changed obviously, and Erxian decoction could ameliorate the change.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 156-163, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940633

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo optimize the extraction and purification process of Gardeniae Fructus for industrial production, and to obtain the total iridoid and total crocin extracts. MethodOrthogonal test was used to optimize the water extraction process by taking contents of geniposide, genipin gentiobioside, gardenoside, crocin-1 and crocin-2 as indicators and the decocting time, decocting times and water amount as factors. The purification process was optimized by single factor test, and four different types of macroporous adsorption resins were screened. The process conditions such as resin type, maximum loading amount, water washing amount, ethanol concentration, ethanol dosage, and flow rate of sample loading were mainly investigated. In addition, the drying methods (vacuum drying and spray drying) of the extract were investigated, and a pilot scale-up verification test was carried out. ResultThe optimal water extraction process of Gardeniae Fructus was to add 15, 10 times the amount of water for decocting twice, 1 h each time. The optimal purification process was as follows:the water extract through SP825L macroporous resin column, the amount of crude drug-the amount of resin (1∶1.5), the sample loading flow rate of 3 BV h-1, adding 2 BV of water to remove impurities, adding 4 BV of 30% ethanol to obtain the iridoid part, then adding 3 BV of 70% ethanol to obtain the crocin part, collecting the ethanol lotion, and drying at 70 ℃. Under these conditions, the extraction amount of total iridoids was 590.75 mg·g-1 with the transfer rate of 70.48%, and the yield of dry extract was 8.89%. The extraction amount of total crocins was 83.37 mg·g-1 with the transfer rate of 22.20%, and the dry extract yield was 2.60%. ConclusionThe optimized extraction and purification process is stable and feasible with high extraction rate of active components, which is suitable for the industrial extraction and purification of active parts of Gardeniae Fructus.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 54-61, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940452

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of coking death and apoptosis of A549 cells induced by Tingli Dazao Xiefeitang. MethodA549 cells were randomized into blank group, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) low, medium, and high concentration groups, which were treated with 20, 40, 60 mg·L-1 Tingli Dazao Xiefeitang, and TCM low, medium, and high concentration groups, respectively, and blank group was treated with equal volume culture medium. After 48 h of treatment, cell migration was detected by scratch assay and cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The relative expression levels of cysteine aspartate protease-1(Caspase-1), NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), dermoderin D (GSDMD), Survivin protein and nuclear transcription factor -κB (NF-κB) pathway proteins were detected by Western blot. The levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined by DCFH-DA fluorescence probe, and the contents of tumor necrosis factor -β (TNF-β) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in supernatant were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). ResultCompared with blank group, the scratch healing rate, apoptosis rate, relative expression of Survivin protein, Caspase-1, GSDMD, NLRP3, ROS and NF-κB phosphorylation levels were significantly increased in low, medium and high concentration groups. The contents of TNF-β and IL-1β in supernatant were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the low concentration group, the scratch healing rate, apoptosis rate, Survivin protein relative expression, Caspase-1, GSDMD, NLRP3 relative expression, ROS and NF-κB phosphorylation levels were significantly increased in the medium and high concentration groups. The contents of TNF-β and IL-1β in supernatant were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the TCM group, the scratch healing rate, apoptosis rate, Survivin protein relative expression, Caspase-1, GSDMD, NLRP3 relative expression, ROS and NF-κB phosphorylation levels were significantly increased in the high concentration group. The contents of TNF-β and IL-1β in supernatant were significantly increased (P<0.05). ConclusionTingli Dazao Xiefeitang can improve NLRP3 protein expression, inhibit Survivin protein expression and promote apoptosis of A549 cells. At the same time, it can activate NF-κB pathway and ROS system, up-regulate the expression of Caspase-1 and GSDMD, mediate scortosis of A549 cells.

8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 305-308, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936317

ABSTRACT

We report a case of giant hysteromyoma and complex pelvic adhesion treated by robotic assisted laparoscopic total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy. The patient was diagnosed with uterine fibroids after physical examination in 1998 but did not receive any treatment, and regular examinations reported progressive growth of the fibroids. Ultrasound suggested multiple uterine fibroids, and pelvic MRI indicated large uterine fibroids with bleeding. Robot-assisted laparoscopic total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy were performed after relevant examinations, and the operation was completed smoothly. The patient was discharged 4 days after surgery with good appearance of the abdominal wall and good recovery during the follow-up. With its unique advantages, robot-assisted laparoscopy provides a minimally invasive surgical approach for giant hysterectomy with complex pelvic adhesions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Laparoscopy , Leiomyoma/surgery , Robotics , Uterus
9.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1201-1205, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907139

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) in the serum of patients with allergic diseases, and provide the basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment. MethodsThe serum sIgE of 29 902 patients with allergic diseases in Hangzhou City of Zhejiang Province was detected by ELISA, and the result was analyzed with gender, age, time distribution. ResultsThe positive rate of total IgE (tIgE) in 29 902 patients with allergic diseases was 77.34%. The most common inhaled allergens were dust mite (36.75%), ragweed (11.23%) and tree pollen (9.06%), and the most common food allergens were egg protein (9.90%), milk (8.88%) and crab (4.62%). The positive rate of sIgE in men was higher than that in women. The positive rate of sIgE in people less than 18 years old was higher than that in people more than 18 years old. The positive rates of tree pollen sIgE decreased year by year. Most patients were allergic to one allergen, accounting for 52.52% of the total sIgE positive patients. ConclusionDust mite, ragweed, tree pollens, egg protein and milk are important allergens in Hangzhou. The prevention and treatment of allergic diseases should focus on these allergens. We should understand that the distribution of allergens in different ages and genders is different, so the prevention and treatment should focus on different aspects.

10.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1201-1205, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907116

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) in the serum of patients with allergic diseases, and provide the basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment. MethodsThe serum sIgE of 29 902 patients with allergic diseases in Hangzhou City of Zhejiang Province was detected by ELISA, and the result was analyzed with gender, age, time distribution. ResultsThe positive rate of total IgE (tIgE) in 29 902 patients with allergic diseases was 77.34%. The most common inhaled allergens were dust mite (36.75%), ragweed (11.23%) and tree pollen (9.06%), and the most common food allergens were egg protein (9.90%), milk (8.88%) and crab (4.62%). The positive rate of sIgE in men was higher than that in women. The positive rate of sIgE in people less than 18 years old was higher than that in people more than 18 years old. The positive rates of tree pollen sIgE decreased year by year. Most patients were allergic to one allergen, accounting for 52.52% of the total sIgE positive patients. ConclusionDust mite, ragweed, tree pollens, egg protein and milk are important allergens in Hangzhou. The prevention and treatment of allergic diseases should focus on these allergens. We should understand that the distribution of allergens in different ages and genders is different, so the prevention and treatment should focus on different aspects.

11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 704-712, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942507

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinical diagnosis and treatment strategies for vein-related pulsatile tinnitus patients with transverse sinus stenosis. Methods: The clinical data of patients with vein-related pulsatile tinnitus, from January 2015 to August 2019, were collected,whose digital subtraction angiography showing transverse sinus stenosis. Taking December 2019 as the last follow-up time, we analyzed the clinical characteristics, CT angiography and digital subtraction angiography results, lumbar puncture pressure and cerebrospinal fluid composition, and other auxiliary examination results (pure tone audiometry, fundus examination of papilledema, carotid ultrasonography, bone density screening, endocrinous test), as well as tinnitus handicap inventory, treatment options and follow-up results. Results: 83 patients were enrolled with female of 89.2% (74/83) and male of 10.8%(9/83); 65.1% (54/83) with right tinnitus, 31.3% (26/83) with left tinnitus, and 3.6% (3/83) with bilateral tinnitus; 67.5% (56/83) with right dominant sinus, 19.3% (16/83) with left dominant sinus, 13.3% (11/83) with bilateral equalization; Bilateral and ipsilateral stenosis accounted for 55.4% and 44.6% respectively; BMI was overweight or obese in 41 cases (49.4%, 41/83). Patients with tinnitus handicap inventory level three or above accounted for 79.5% (66/83). Eventually, 33 patients chose conservative observation (39.8%, 33/83), 40 patients (48.2%), 8 patients (9.6%) and 2 patients (2.4%) received sigmoid sinus-related surgery, interventional surgery, or emissary vein occlusion respectively. The mean follow-up time of 74 patients was 26.2 months. The data of 48 surgery patients showed that the pressure differences of venous sinus among the recurrent patients were more obvious; Interventional surgery with simultaneous stenting placement was effective. Tinnitus did not decrease in two patients with emissary vein occlusion. Analysis of 26 patients with lumbar puncture revealed eight cases of normal cranial pressure and 18 cases of high cranial pressure. The sinus pressure difference between the two groups was different (P=0.025), but the difference of age of onset, concomitant symptoms, BMI, proportion of empty sella or papilledema was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusions: The evaluation of patients with vein-related pulsatile tinnitus requires a standardized procedure. Papilledema cannot be used as a sensitive indicator in patients with early intracranial hypertension. Venous sinus pressure difference may be one of the indicators of intracranial hypertension, and the lumbar puncture is the gold standard for the diagnosis. Weight loss can be used as a conservative treatment during the observation period. Significant sinus stenosis is a risk factor for recurrence in patients undergoing sigmoid sinus surgery. Interventional stenting is an effective treatment for tinnitus secondary to transverse sinus stenosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Constriction, Pathologic/complications , Cranial Sinuses , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Stents , Tinnitus/etiology
12.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 128-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875950

ABSTRACT

Objective The present study was conducted to identify the Vibrio cholera type and to analyze its antibiotic resistance in an epidemic of cholera in Haiyan County in 2018, which would provide the references for prevention and control of cholera. Methods Stool samples of the patient and his close contacts as well as the food and environmental samples were collected for identification of the type of Vibrio cholerae and the toxin gene. The resistance of identified Vibrio cholerae to 20 different common antibiotics were tested. Results A total of 176 samples were collected, including 101 stool samples from the case and his close contacts, 35 environmental samples and 40 food samples. Among those samples, only one strain of V. cholerae, O139, was isolated from the patient's first feces sample. It was detected as a toxin gene of ctxA positive by real-time fluorescence PCR. Antibiotic resistance test showed that the strain was sensitive to norfloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, cephalothin, ampicillin, and amoxicillin. It was 100% resistant to tetracycline, doxycycline, neomycin, kanamycin, streptomycin, and rifampicin. Conclusion V. cholerae O139 strain with ctxA is detected in an epidemic of cholera. Norfloxacin, levofluoxacin and some other antibiotics could be used for clinical treatment and prevention. It should pay attention to this strain of V. cholera regarding the multiple drug resistance and the change of antibiotic resistance.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 191-197, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906161

ABSTRACT

Zexietang is derived from Jingui Yaolue (《金匮要略》), which is composed of Alismatis Rhizoma and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, and has the effect of inducing diuresis and invigorating the spleen to produce water. Compared with western medicine in the treatment of related diseases, Zexietang can not only improve the curative effect, but also reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions, so as to achieve long-term stable administration. The authors sorted out and analyzed the chemical composition, pharmacological effect and clinical application of Zexietang in recent years. It was found that the main active components of Zexietang were alismol A and B, 23-acetyl-alismol B and C, atractylenolides (atractylenolide Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ) and polysaccharides. Pharmacological experiments showed that they had diuretic, hypolipidemic, anti-inflammatory and others. And it can be used in the treatment of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, vertigo, cerebral vascular insufficiency and other diseases combined with other Chinese materia medica, and the curative effect is obvious. By summarizing the research status of Zexietang in recent years, its active components and pharmacological mechanism can be further clarified, which provides the basis for the clinical application of Zexietang and guides the direction of its further research.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 206-215, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906069

ABSTRACT

The small size, moderate drug loading, and targeting properties of nano-preparations make them can be excellent delivery tools for drugs, genes or proteins crossing the cell or blood-brain barrier (BBB). Currently, facilitating drug crossing BBB with innovative nano-drug delivery systems is considered as a strategic approach for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of central nervous system (CNS) diseases. However, with the deepening of the research, the adverse reactions and toxicity of nanocarriers have gradually attracted the attention of researchers. Based on this, this paper summarized the situation of BBB-penetrating targeted nano-preparations at home and abroad in recent years from the perspective of classification of types and properties of nanocarriers, and analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of each carrier. The results showed that nano-preparations with active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as carriers have become a promising way of cancer treatment, but the complexity and diversity of TCM components limited its application to a certain extent. Further studies should be strengthened to lay a foundation for the application and development of TCM nano-preparations in the field of CNS diseases.

15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 373-379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886761

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and diagnosis of imported malaria before and after malaria elimination in Nanjing City of Jiangsu Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the malaria control strategy after malaria elimination. Methods Data pertaining to the epidemic situation and individual investigation of malaria in Nanjing City before (from 2012 to 2016) and after malaria elimination (from 2017 to 2020) were captured from the National Notifiable Communicable Disease Reporting System and the Information System for Parasitic Diseases Control and Prevention and were analyzed statistically. Results A total of 178 malaria cases were reported in Nanjing City from 2012 to 2020, and all were imported cases. There were 99 malaria cases reported before malaria elimination in Nanjing City, including 78 cases with Plasmodium falciparum malaria (78.79%), 5 cases with P. vivax malaria (5.05%), 10 cases with P. ovale malaria (10.10%), 3 cases with P. malariae malaria (3.03%) and 3 cases with mixed infections (3.03%), and 79 malaria cases reported after elimination, including 63 cases with P. falciparum malaria (79.75%), 5 cases with P. vivax malaria (6.33%), 9 cases with P. ovale malaria (11.39%), 2 cases with P. malariae malaria (2.53%). There was no significant difference in the proportion of each type of malaria cases in Nanjing City before and after malaria elimination (χ2 =2.400, P > 0.05). Malaria cases mainly acquired Plasmodium infections in African regions, and no significant difference was seen in the proportion of malaria cases returning to Nanjing City from African countries before and after malaria elimination (χ2 = 0.093, P > 0.05). The number of malaria cases peaked in Nanjing City in January and during the period from May to July before elimination, and there was no apparent seasonal variation in the distribution of malaria cases after elimination. The proportion of malaria cases living in Nanjing City was significantly greater after malaria elimination than before elimination (72.15% vs. 55.56%; χ2 = 5.187, P = 0.023). The proportions of businessmen and international students were both 5.05% before malaria elimination, and increased to 15.19% and 13.92% after elimination, respectively (χ2 = 5.229 and 4.229, both P values < 0.05). The percentage of definitive diagnosis of malaria at initial diagnosis was 18.75% in county-level hospitals before malaria elimination and increased to 61.11% after elimination (χ2 = 6.275, P = 0.012), while the proportion of malaria cases with definitive diagnoses in county-level hospitals was 4.04% before malaria elimination and increased to 13.92% after elimination (χ2 = 5.562, P = 0.018). During the period from 2012 to 2020, the proportion of malaria cases with definitive diagnoses within 1 to 3 days post-admission increased from 27.27% in Nanjing City before malaria elimination to 45.57% after elimination (χ2 = 6.433, P = 0.011). Conclusions The epidemic situation of imported malaria remains serious in Nanjing City during the post-elimination stage, and malaria parasite infections predominantly occur in African regions. In addition, there are changes in regional and occupational distributions of malaria cases and the diagnostic capability of malaria increases in county-level hospitals in Nanjing City after malaria elimination. Further improvements in the malaria surveillance system and the diagnostic and treatment capability of malaria in medical institutions at each level are required to consolidate malaria elimination achievements in Nanjing City.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2481-2488, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879151

ABSTRACT

The paclitaxel-loaded and folic acid-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nano-micelles(PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs) were prepared by the emulsion solvent evaporation method, and the parameters of paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were optimized with the particle size and PDI as evaluation indexes. The morphology of the nano-micelles was observed by transmission electron microscopy(TEM), and the stability, drug loading and encapsulation efficiency were systematically investigated. In vitro experiments were performed to study the cytotoxic effects of nano-micelles, apoptosis, and cellular uptake. Under the optimal parameters, the nano-micelles showed the particle size of(125.3±1.2) nm, the PDI of 0.086±0.026, the zeta potential of(-20.0±3.8) mV, the drug loading of 7.2%±0.75%, and the encapsulation efficiency of 50.7%±1.0%. The nano-micelles were in regular spherical shape as observed by TEM. The blank FA-PLGA-NMs exhibited almost no inhibitory effect on the proliferation and growth of tumor cells, while the drug-loaded nano-micelles and free PTX exhibited significant inhibitory effects. The IC_(50) of PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs and PTX was 0.56 μg·mL~(-1) and 0.66 μg·mL~(-1), respectively. The paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were potent in inhibiting cell migration as assessed by the scratch assay. PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs had good pro-apoptotic effect on cervical cancer HeLa cells and significantly promoted the uptake of HeLa cells. The results of in vitro experiments suggested that PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs could target and treat cervical cancer HeLa cells. Therefore, as nanodrug carriers, PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs with anti-cancer activity are a promising nano-system for improving the-rapeutic effects on tumors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Folic Acid , Glycolates , HeLa Cells , Micelles , Paclitaxel , Particle Size , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 53-61, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873121

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the evolution of cardiac function and blood pressure in ovariectomized rats and the effect and mechanism of Erxiantang. Method::Healthy 10-week-old female SPF SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, estrogen group(estradiol valerate, 0.18 mg·kg-1) and Erxiantang group(7.5 g·kg-1). The rats were intragastrically administered 2 weeks after ovariectomy, once a day for 12 weeks.Sham operation groups and model groups were given equal volumes of purified water.At the 4th week, 8th week, and 12th week after administration, the cardiac function, blood pressure, and levels of estrogen (E2) in rat serum were measured by non-invasive ultrasound cardiogram (UCG), tail artery detection techniques and radioimmunoassay.The levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and angiotensin 2(Ang Ⅱ) in rat serum were detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). The cardiac morphology and apoptosis were detected by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, electron microscopy and Terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL). Result::Compared with sham operation group, the ejection fraction (EF) decreased and the left ventricular end systolic volume (LVVols) increased in the model group at 4th week after administration(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cardiac function between the groups at 8th week.The left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVIDs), LVVols, left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVIDd), and left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVVold) were significantly increased in the model group at 12th week (P<0.01). At the 4th weeks, 8th week and 12th week, the systolic blood pressure (SBP) of the model group increased (P<0.05) and showed an increasing trend, and the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) did not change significantly.At the 12th week, the levels of E2 in serum decreased (P<0.05), ET-1 and Ang Ⅱ increased of the model group (P<0.01). The cardiac myofibrils were irregular, some myofilament was broken, and mitochondrial palsy was disordered, broken or disappeared, and cardiac apoptosis increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, myocardial contraction and diastolic function were significantly improved in Erxian decoction group, and blood pressure was decreased.The levels of E2 in serum was increased (P<0.05). The levels of ET-1 was decreased (P<0.05), and AngⅡ in serum was significantly decreased (P<0.01). The mitochondrial morphological structure was improved and the cardiac apoptotic rate was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusion::After the ovariectomy, the rats showed a series of pathological changes such as decreased heart function and increased blood pressure.Compared with the decrease of heart function, the changes of blood pressure appeared earlier.Erxiantang exerts its intervention on cardiac function and blood pressure in ovariectomized rats by regulating E2, blood active substances and cardiac apoptosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 59-67, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of myocardial microvessel density, microvascular endothelial cell morphology and hemorheology in ovariectomized rats and explore the interventional effects of Erxian decoction. Method:Thirty-two healthy 10 week-old female SPF SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, estrogen group (estradiol valerate, 0.18 mg·kg-1) and Erxian decoction group (9 g·kg-1). The rats were intragastrically administered 2 weeks after ovariectomy, once a day for 16 weeks. Sham operation groups and model groups were given equal volumes of purified water. After 16 weeks of administration, the cardiac function was measured by noninvasive ultrasound cardiogram (UCG), CD34 in the myocardial tissue was tested by immunofluorescence staining to measure the microvessel density, the morphological structure of microvessels of myocardial tissue were detected by transmission electron microscope, the levels of estrogen (E2) in rat plasma were detected by radioimmunoassay, the levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1), prostacyclin I2 (PGI2), thromboxane A2 (TXA2), endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) in rat plasma were detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA), four items of coagulation was detected by blood coagulation analyzer, whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity were detected by hemorheology. Result:Compared with sham operation group, the ejection fraction (EF) decreased (P<0.01), the left ventricular short axis shortening rate (FS) decreased (P<0.01), and the left ventricular end systolic volume (LVVols) increased (P<0.01), myocardial microvessel density significantly reduced (P<0.01), the endothelial cells were swollen and the cytoplasm was cavitation, E2 in rat plasma decreased (P<0.01), ET-1, VEGF, vWF increased (P<0.01), prostacyclin I2 /thromboxane A2 (PGI2/TXA2) decreased (P<0.01), plasma activated partial prothrombin time (APTT) decreased (P<0.01), fibrinogen (FIB) increased (P<0.01), whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, and cassone viscosity increased (P<0.01), whole blood high-cut, low-cut index, and red blood cell (RBC) aggregation index increased (P<0.05) in model group. Compared with model group, EF and FS increased (P<0.05), LVVols decreased (P<0.05), myocardial microvessel density significantly increased (P<0.01), the endothelial cell edema was improved, and transport vesicles were clearly visible, E2 in rat plasma increased (P<0.01), ET-1, VEGF, decreased (P<0.01), PGI2/TXA2 increased (P<0.01), APTT increased (P<0.01), whole blood viscosity, whole blood high shear relative index, RBC aggregation index decreased (P<0.05), Kasson viscosity and plasma viscosity decreased (P<0.01) in Erxian decoction group. Conclusion:Erxian decoction increases myocardial microvessel density, protects the structural integrity of microvascular endothelial cells, improves its endothelial secretion function and hemorheology in ovariectomized rats, and protects heart function.

19.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 315-322, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829010

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This paper aimed to investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and explore the associated risk factors in a very elderly southwest Chinese population.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to June 2016, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to obtain a representative sample of 1,326 participants over 80 years old living in Chengdu. The presence of DM was based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h plasma glucose (2-hPG) levels during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A logistic regression model was used to calculate the odds ratios ( s) and 95% confidence intervals ( s) of the potential associated factors.@*Results@#The participants' mean age was 83.5 ± 3.1 years. The overall prevalence of DM was 27.4%. The prevalence was higher in males (30.2%) than females (24.7%) ( = 0.02). The prevalence of DM increased with body mass index (BMI) and decreased with aging. The multivariate analysis suggested that male sex ( = 1.433; 95% , 1.116-1.843), hypertension ( = 1.439; 95% , 1.079-1.936), overweight or obesity ( = 1.371; 95% , 1.023-1.834), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min; = 1.362; 95% , 1.063-1.746), and abdominal obesity ( = 1.615; 95% , 1.216-2.149) were all significantly positively correlated with DM. However, age was negatively correlated with DM ( = 0.952; 95% , 0.916-0.989).@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of DM and newly diagnosed DM in a very elderly southwest Chinese population was high. OGTT screening should be performed regularly in people aged ≥ 80 years to ensure timely diagnosis of DM.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1182-1191, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827629

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and its natriuretic peptide receptors A (NPR-A) and C (NPR-C) are involved in the regulation of physiological and pathophysiological process of blood pressure. The present study aimed to determine the role of NPR-C in the development of salt-sensitive hypertension.@*METHODS@#The Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) and salt-resistant (DR) rats were used in this study. Animals were matched according to their age and weight, and then placed on either a high-salt (HS, 8%) or a normal-salt (NS, 0.4%) diet for 6 weeks randomly using random number table. The systolic blood pressure (SBP), plasmatic sodium concentration (PLNa), urinary sodium excretion (UVNa), and serum creatinine concentration (Scr) were measured. The concentration of ANP in blood and tissues (heart and kidney) was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of ANP, NPR-A, and NPR-C in kidney was evaluated with western blot analysis. Regarding renal redox state, the concentration changes in malondialdehyde (MDA), lipofuscin, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (Nox), and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in kidney were detected by a spectrophotometric method. The kidney damage was evaluated using pathological techniques and the succinodehydrogenase (SDHase) examination. Furthermore, after an intra-peritoneal injection of C-atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)4-23 (C-ANP4-23), an NPR-C receptor agonist, the SBP, biochemical values in blood and urine, and renal redox state were evaluated. The paired Student's t test and analysis of variance followed by the Bonferroni test were performed for statistical analyses of the comparisons between two groups and multiple groups, respectively.@*RESULTS@#The baseline SBP in all groups was within the normal range. At the end of the 6-week experiment, HS diet significantly increased the SBP in DS rats from 116.63 ± 2.90 mmHg to 162.25 ± 2.15 mmHg (t = -10.213, P  0.05). The significant increase of PLNa, UVNa, and Scr related to an HS diet was found in both DS and DR rats (all P < 0.05). However, significant changes in the concentration (t = -21.915, P < 0.001) and expression of renal ANP (t = -3.566, P = 0.016) and the expression of renal NPR-C (t = 5.864, P = 0.002) were only observed in DS hypertensive rats. The significantly higher desmin immunochemical staining score (t = -5.715, P = 0.005) and mitochondrial injury score (t = -6.325, P = 0.003) accompanied by the lower SDHase concentration (t = 3.972, P = 0.017) revealed mitochondrial pathologic abnormalities in podocytes in DS rats with an HS diet. The distinct increases of MDA (t = -4.685, P = 0.009), lipofuscin (t = -8.195, P = 0.001), and Nox (t = -12.733, P < 0.001) but not NOS (t = -0.328, P = 0.764) in kidneys were also found in DS hypertensive rats. C-ANP4-23 treatment significantly decreased the SBP induced by HS in DS rats (P < 0.05), which was still higher than NS groups with the vehicle or C-ANP4-23 treatment (P < 0.05). Moreover, the HS-induced increase of MDA, lipofuscin, Nox concentrations, and Nox4 expression in DS rats was significantly attenuated by C-ANP4-23 treatment as compared with those with HS diet and vehicle injection (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results indicated that the renal NPR-C might be involved in the salt-sensitive hypertension through the damage of mitochondria in podocytes and the reduction of the anti-oxidative function. Hence, C-ANP4-23 might serve as a therapeutic agent in treating salt-sensitive hypertension.

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