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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920655

ABSTRACT

@#An innovative approach to quantitatively analyze the histamine and its precursor histidine simultaneously in biological matrices was established for the first time based on double adsorption combined with high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS).The internal standard was 2-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB).The plasma and brain tissue homogenate was protein precipitated with 3-fold acetonitrile, and the supernatant was then sampled for injection analysis.The chromatographic separation of the target components was achieved on an amino chromatography column (ODS-SPXBridge? Amide).Gradient elution was carried out with the mobile phase consisting of solvent A (0.1% formic acid and 1mmol/L ammonium formate in water) and solvent B (acetonitrile).Mass spectrometry was employed for quantitative analysis with ESI ion source in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode.In order to improve the specificity and accuracy, activated carbon and calcite were used for the double adsorption of biological matrices for the first time.The adsorbed matrix was then used for methodology validation.The results showed that histamine and histidine were linear in the quantitative range (correlation coefficient r ≥ 0.999).Accuracy, precision, extraction recovery, matrix effect and stability all met the requirements of biological sample analysis.All results suggested that the present method could not only be efficiently and reliably used for simultaneous quantitative analysis of histamine and histidine in biological samples, but also provide reference for the detection of other endogenous substances.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 366-371, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the situation ,influential factors and their re lationship of hospital pharmacy managers ’ servant leadership behavior and hospital pharmacists ’job satisfaction. METHODS The questionnaire survey method was adopted to stratified cluster sampling from primary ,secondary and tertiary hospitals ,five for each in Henan province. The personal basic data scale of pharmacists ,the hospital pharmaceutical service leadership behavior scale and the job satisfaction scale of pharmacists were used to conduct a questionnaire survey among hospital pharmacists. Excel 2019 and SPSS 23.0 software were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS A total of 956 questionnaires were distributed and 882 questionnaires were recovered ,including 841 valid questionnaires,with an effective recovery rate of 95.35%. The reliability coefficients Cronbach’s α of hospital pharmacy managers ’ servant leadership behavior scale and hospital pharmacists ’job satisfaction scale were 0.986 and 0.978,and the validity coefficients KMO were 0.908 and 0.977(P<0.01). The total score of hospital pharmacy managers ’servant leadership behavior was (110.73± 18.63). The total score of hospital pharmacists ’job satisfaction was (126.33±17.79). Hospital grade ,gender,age,professional title and highest education level all affected pharmacists ’recognition for managers ’servant leadership behavior (P<0.05). Hospital grade,age,professional title ,marital status ,highest education level and position all affected job satisfaction (P<0.05). The servant leadership behavior of hospital pharmacy managers was positively correlated with the job satisfaction of hospital pharmacists (correlation coefficient r was 0.521-0.698,all P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS The promotion and optimization the servant leadership behavior of hospital pharmacy managers can improve the job satisfaction of pharmacists ,stabilize the team of pharmacists ,and provide high-quality pharmaceutical care for patients ,so as to improve the core competitiveness of the hospital.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888667

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths and has the third highest incidence in the world. Almost half of the patients with CRC have metastases at the time of diagnosis. However, the treatment for patients with metastatic CRC that progresses after approved conventional chemotherapy is still controversial. Chinese medicine (CM) has unique characteristics and advantages in treating metastatic CRC.@*OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effectiveness and safety of CM in patients with metastatic CRC after failure of conventional chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The study is a multicenter prospective cohort study. A total of 384 patients with documented metastatic CRC after failure of conventional chemotherapy will be included from 9 hospitals among Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Guizhou, and assigned to three groups according to paitents' wishes: (1) integrated Chinese and Western medicine (ICM) group receiving CM herbal treatment combined with Western medicine (WM) anti-tumor therapy, (2) Chinese medicine (CM) group receiving only CM herbal treatment, and (3) WM group receiving only WM anti-tumor therapy. The primary endpoint is the overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints include the progression free survival (PFS), quality of life (QOL) assessed by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal (FACT-C) questionnaire, tumor control, and CM symptom score.@*DISCUSSION@#This prospective study will assess the effectiveness and safety of CM in treating metastatic CRC after conventional chemotherapy failure. Patients in the ICM group will be compared with those in the WM group and CM group. If certified to be effective, national provision of CM treatment in metastatic CRC will probably be advised. (Registration No. NCT02923622 on ClinicalTrials.gov).

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 532-536, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888447

ABSTRACT

We aim to design a new glanuloplasty procedure combined with spongiosum to reduce the incidence of glans dehiscence and coronal fistula after proximal hypospadias repair. Patients who underwent urethroplasty by dorsal preputial island flap for proximal hypospadias between January 2014 and December 2016 were reviewed in this retrospective cohort study. Those who underwent spongiosum-combined glanuloplasty comprised the new-maneuver group, whereas those who underwent conventional glanuloplasty comprised the control group. The incidence of complications was then compared. In the new-maneuver group, dysplastic corpus spongiosum alongside lateral Buck's fascia (0.3-0.4 cm wide) on both sides of the urethral plate was separated from the proximal normal spongy tissue, joining into the glans wings to increase tissue volume and covering the neourethra in the glans penis. In the control group, the neourethra was covered with superficial fascia under the coronal sulcus. As a result, the new-maneuver and control groups comprised 47 and 28 patients, respectively. In the new-maneuver group, no glans dehiscence was detected; however, two (4.3%) patients had coronal fistula, two (4.3%) had urethral stricture, and four (8.5%) had diverticulum. In the control group, two (7.1%) patients had glans dehiscence, eight (28.6%) had coronal fistula, four (14.3%) had urethral stricture, one (3.6%) had diverticulum, and one (3.6%) had penile curvature recurrence. The new-maneuver group had less incidences of coronal fistula (P < 0.001), glans dehiscence (P = 0.033), and urethral stricture (P = 0.008) but had a higher incidence of diverticulum than the control group (P = 0.040). It clearly demonstrates that spongiosum-combined glanuloplasty can significantly reduce the incidences of coronal fistula and glans dehisce.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905958

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible mechanism of Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma (AC) in inhibiting tumor growth in the orthotopic transplantation model of colon cancer in mice. Method:The molecular docking technology was used to predict the intermolecular interaction between the main active components of AC and the pathway target proteins, such as stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), and nuclear factor kappa-B p65 (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65). The orthotopic transplantation model of CT26.WT colon cancer was established in mice for <italic>in vivo</italic> experimental verification. Sixty BALB/c male mice were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu, 30 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group,and low- (0.32 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (0.64 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (1.28 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) AC groups, with 10 mice in each group. The sham operation group and the model group received normal saline by gavage. The corresponding drugs were administered by gavage in the 5-Fu group and by intraperitoneal injection in the AC groups. After intervention for 15 days, the tumor <italic>in situ</italic> was completely stripped, and the colon tissues 5-6 cm in length adjacent to the tumor were taken. The tumor volume was measured and calculated. The pathological changes of tumor tissues and colon tissues were observed by Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of SDF-1, CXCR4, p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 in colon tissues. Western blot and Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) were used to detect SDF-1, CXCR4, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65, Cyclin D<sub>1</sub>, oncogene c-Myc protein and mRNA expression in tumor tissues. Result:Compared with the model group, 5-Fu and AC groups showed reduced tumor volumes <italic>in situ</italic> (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), with the tumor inhibition rate in the 5-Fu group as high as (61.38±2.34)%. The tumor-inhibiting effect was optimal in the medium-dose AC group, with the tumor inhibition rate of (43.43±3.71)%. Compared with the model group, 5-Fu and AC groups showed relieved pathological changes of tumor and colon tissues. Specifically, AC down-regulated the protein expression levels of SDF-1, CXCR4, and p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 in colon tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and down-regulated the protein and mRNA expression levels of SDF-1, CXCR4, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65, Cyclin D<sub>1</sub>, and c-Myc in tumor tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:AC can inhibit the growth of orthotopic transplantation tumor of colon cancer, and its intervention mechanism may be related to the regulation of related protein and mRNA expression in the SDF-1/CXCR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B signaling pathway.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897674

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Serum fibrosis scores comprised of common laboratory tests have high utility to assess severity of liver fibrosis. We aimed to derive and validate a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk score based on serum fibrosis scores to predict HCC in treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. @*Methods@#Fifteen thousand one hundred eighty-seven treatment-naïve adult CHB patients were identified to form the training cohort in this retrospective study. Individual fibrosis score was included to construct a new HCC prediction score. The score was externally validated in an independent treatment-naïve Korean CHB cohort. @*Results@#180/15,187 patients (1.2%) in training cohort and 47/4,286 patients (1.1%) in validation cohort developed HCC during a mean follow-up of 52 and 50 months, respectively. The newly developed HCC risk score, Liang score, is composed of gender, age, hepatitis B virus DNA, fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index, and ranges from 0 to 22. Area under the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve of Liang score was 0.79 (95% confidence interval, 0.70–0.89). A cutoff value of nine provided an extremely high negative predictive value of 99.9% and high sensitivity of 90.0% at 5 years in the validation cohort. Patients with Liang score ≤9 had HCC incidence <0.2% per year in both training and validation cohorts, in whom HCC surveillance might be exempted. @*Conclusion@#A novel HCC risk score, Liang score, based on FIB-4 index, is applicable and accurate to identify treatment-naïve CHB patients with very low risk of HCC to be exempted from HCC surveillance.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889970

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Serum fibrosis scores comprised of common laboratory tests have high utility to assess severity of liver fibrosis. We aimed to derive and validate a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk score based on serum fibrosis scores to predict HCC in treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. @*Methods@#Fifteen thousand one hundred eighty-seven treatment-naïve adult CHB patients were identified to form the training cohort in this retrospective study. Individual fibrosis score was included to construct a new HCC prediction score. The score was externally validated in an independent treatment-naïve Korean CHB cohort. @*Results@#180/15,187 patients (1.2%) in training cohort and 47/4,286 patients (1.1%) in validation cohort developed HCC during a mean follow-up of 52 and 50 months, respectively. The newly developed HCC risk score, Liang score, is composed of gender, age, hepatitis B virus DNA, fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index, and ranges from 0 to 22. Area under the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve of Liang score was 0.79 (95% confidence interval, 0.70–0.89). A cutoff value of nine provided an extremely high negative predictive value of 99.9% and high sensitivity of 90.0% at 5 years in the validation cohort. Patients with Liang score ≤9 had HCC incidence <0.2% per year in both training and validation cohorts, in whom HCC surveillance might be exempted. @*Conclusion@#A novel HCC risk score, Liang score, based on FIB-4 index, is applicable and accurate to identify treatment-naïve CHB patients with very low risk of HCC to be exempted from HCC surveillance.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912511

ABSTRACT

Based on the fact that autoantibody plays important roles in the regulation of autoimmune disease, it is valuable to improve the accuracy of autoantibody in laboratory to achieve the better diagnosis, classification, disease assessment, effect observation and prognosis analyses of autoimmune diseases. Although the technology of antoantibody measurement is continuously developing and moving towards quantitation, automation and intelligentization in the past years, the standardization of autoimmune testing has still remained challenged. In this paper, the status and trend for autoimmune testing standardization were systematically summarized, and the approaches or strategies to realize standardization were also discussed.

9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 584-596, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887694

ABSTRACT

Heart failure (HF), a clinical syndrome with high morbidity and mortality, is becoming a growing public health problem. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the major causes of HF, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying DCM-mediated HF are not completely understood. Previous studies have shown that dysregulation of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism could contribute to the development of HF. To explore the roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating AA metabolism in HF, we used two public datasets to analyze the expression changes of miRNAs in the patients of DCM-mediated HF. A total of 101 and 88 miRNAs with significant abundance alterations in the two dataset were obtained, respectively. Around 1/3 of these miRNAs were predicted to target AA metabolic pathway genes. We also investigated the distribution of known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the sequences of miRNAs dysregulated in DCM-mediated HF patients, and identified miRNAs harboring high number of SNPs in either the seed regions or the entire sequences. These information could provide clues for further functional studies of miRNAs in the pathogeny of DCM-mediated HF.


Subject(s)
Arachidonic Acid , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/genetics , Heart Failure/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 482-490, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887683

ABSTRACT

S100 calcium binding protein A9 (S100A9) is involved in a variety of biological processes such as inflammation and tumor cell migration and invasion regulation. The purpose of this study was to construct S100A9 gene-edited mice by using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, thereby providing an animal model for exploring the biological functions of this gene. According to the S100A9 gene sequence, the single-stranded small guide RNA (sgRNA) targeting exons 2 and 3 was transcribed in vitro, and a mixture of Cas9 mRNA and candidate sgRNA was injected into mouse fertilized eggs by microinjection. Early embryos were obtained and transferred to surrogate mice, and F


Subject(s)
Animals , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Calgranulin B , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Knockout Techniques , Gene Targeting , Lung , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Ovalbumin , Phenotype
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886764

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistance protein 1 (PfMDR1), chloroquine resistance transporter (PfCRT) and Kelch 13 (PfK13) genes in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, so as to provide insights into the development of the malaria control strategy in local areas. Methods A total of 85 peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with Plasmodium falciparum infections in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea in 2018 and 2019, and genomic DNA was extracted. The PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes were amplified using a nested PCR assay. The amplification products were sequenced, and the gene sequences were aligned. Results There were no mutations associated with artemisinin resistance in PfK13 gene in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, while drug-resistant mutations were detected in PfMDR1 and PfCRT genes, and the proportions of PfMDR1_N86Y, PfMDR1_Y184F and PfCRT_K76T mutations were 35.29% (30/85), 72.94% (62/85) and 24.71% (21/85), respectively. Conclusion There are mutations in PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes in P. falciparum isolates from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of modified Shengjiang Powder acupoint application on hypertension patients with phlegm-heat syndrome. Methods:A total of 61 patients in Shijiazhuang hospital of traditional chinese medicine (TCM) meeting the inclusion criteria from September 2018 to September 2019 were randomly divided into two groups, the treatment group was 30 cases, the control group was 31 cases. The control group was given Amlodipine Besylate Tablets orally, and the treatment group added modified Shengjiang Powder acupoint application, and both groups were treated for 4 weeks. TCM syndrome scores were performed before and after treatment, and 24 h ambulatory blood pressure were measured with an ambulatory blood pressure monitor, including daytime mean systolic blood pressure (dMSBP), daytime mean diastolic blood pressure (dMDBP), night time mean systolic blood pressure (nMSBP), and night time mean diastolic blood pressure (nMDBP), 24-hour mean systolic blood pressure (24 hMSBP), 24-hour mean diastolic blood pressure (24 hMDSBP) and blood pressure circadian rhythm detection. Results:After treatment, the nMSBP and 24 hMSBP in the treatment group were significantly lower than those control group ( t values were -2.331,-1.511, P values were 0.045, 0.033), the blood pressure circadian rhythm [(8.87 ± 8.33)% vs. (6.94 ± 6.12)%, t=1.034] of the treatment group was significantly higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05); mdizziness, headache, head wraps, vomiting, sputum salivation, upset, mouth pain, insomnia scores of the treatment group after treatment were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The modified Shengjiang Powder acupoint application can reduce the blood pressure level of hypertension patients with phlegm-heat syndrome, especially for the improvement of night blood pressure, and improve the clinical symptoms.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848163

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The sciatic scoliosis is considered as a compensatory attempt of the body to relieve nerve irritation. If dealt with inappropriate and delayed, it may be developed in structural scoliosis. There was controversial about the treatment of such cases. OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and effectiveness of single-level open versus minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of sciatic scoliosis caused by lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Data of 47 patients with sciatic scoliosis caused by lumbar disc herniation who were treated in Peking University People’s Hospital from January 2010 to January 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The main symptom was severe back and lower limb pain, complicated with trunk tilt. Twenty-five patients underwent single-level open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion therapy (open group). Twenty-two patients underwent minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion therapy (minimal invasion group). The single-level surgery was conducted in both groups. The patients were followed up for at least 2 years. The clinical effects and photographic parameters were compared between the two groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) There was no significant difference in age, gender, spinal levels operated and all the coronal and sagittal parameters preoperatively between the two groups (P > 0.05). (2) There was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups (P >0.05). The amount of bleeding, postoperative time to the ground, and average length of hospital stay were better in the minimal invasion group than in the open group (P 0.05). (4) Balance of coronal plane and sagittal plane: The deformity at 2 years after operation was significantly improved compared with that before operation (P 0.05). (5) Solid fusion was achieved in both groups. (6) It is concluded that minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of single-level sciatic scoliosis caused by lumbar disc herniation obtained similar effect as open fusion. Moreover, it has the advantages of less bleeding, faster recovery and shorter hospital stay.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846700

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare pharmacodynamic difference of Ribes diacanthum (RDP) and Ribes mandshuricum (RMK) treatment on renal fibrosis in vivo and in vitro. Methods: Both of TGFβ1-induced HK-2 cell fibrosis model and UUO-induced kidney fibrosis mice model were used in the present study. The cell morphology, ratio of cell length to width, renal histopathology, protein expressions of α-SMA and E-cadherin in kidney tissues were evaluated through biological and pharmacological methods and technologies, including Western blot, immunohistochemistry, HE staining, Masson staining and so on. In addition, partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) was applied to analyze the renal histopathological score as well. Results: RDP (1.5, 5, 15 μg/mL) and RMK (3, 10 μg/mL) effectively improved morphological changes and reduced the ratio of cell length to width in TGFβ1-induced HK-2 cell fibrosis; Moreover, RDP (40 mg/kg) and RMK (80 mg/kg) remarkably decreased the expression of α-SMA and increased the expression of E-cadherin in UUO mice model. The degree of pathological damage and fibrosis were also alleviated in both groups. PLS-DA analysis showed no significant difference in anti-fibrotic effects between RDP and RMK treatment. Conclusion: Both RDP and RMK have anti-fibrosis effects on TGFβ1-induced HK-2 cell fibrosis model and UUO-induced kidney fibrosis mice model, and there is no significant difference between these two herbs.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787784

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: An increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is well associated with a decreased cardiovascular risk, especially atherosclerosis. Recent studies suggest that lower levels of HDL may also be associated with an increased risk of sepsis and an increased rate of mortality in septic patients. However, this conclusion remains controversial. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases were searched from inception to September 30, 2019. All studies were conducted to evaluate the correlation of lipoprotein levels and the risk and outcomes of sepsis in adult patients. The primary outcomes were the risk and mortality of sepsis. RESULTS: Seven studies comprising 791 patients were included. Lower levels of HDL had no marked relevance with the risk of sepsis (odds radio [OR] for each 1 mg/dL increase, 0.94; 95% CI 0.86–1.02; P=0.078), whereas lower HDL levels were related to an increased mortality rate in septic patients (OR for below about median HDL levels, 2.00; 95% CI 1.23–3.24; P=0.005). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis did not reveal a significant association between lower HDL levels and an increase in the risk of sepsis, whereas it showed that lower HDL levels are associated with a higher mortality rate in septic adult patients. These findings suggest that HDL may be considered as a promising factor for the prevention and treatment of sepsis in the future.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905786

ABSTRACT

Rehabilitation activities can improve functioning and quality of life for Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Therapeutic dancing, as a kind of aerobic exercise that combines music reminder, balance training, complexity and rhythmicity, can better meet the requirement of rehabilitation for PD patients. This paper reviewed the application of therapeutic dancing for PD patients in recent years, in terms of main types, mechanism, clinical effects, etc.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the validity of Achilles Tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) for rehabilitation after Achilles tendon rupture. Methods:From January, 2012 to December, 2016, 50 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture were enrolled. The original table of ATRS was translated, organized and evaluated to obtain the ATRS consensus version. At the 1st month, 2nd month, 3rd month, 6th month and 12th month follow-up, the scores of American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-hindfoot scale (AOFAS-AH) and ATRS were recorded. Results:Three patients were dropped out. The scores of both AOFAS-AH and ATRS increased with time, and gradually became flat. The total score of AOFAS-AH was significantly positively correlated with the total score of ATRS (ρ = 0.961, P < 0.001). Conclusion:ATRS can be used in evaluating the functional recovery of Achilles tendon repair.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect between wheat-grain moxibustion at Yinbai (SP 1) and oral administration of dydrogesterone tablet for menstrual period prolongation after down-regulation treatment of in vitro fertilization embryo transfer (IVF-ET).@*METHODS@#A total of 54 patients with prolonged menstrual period after down-regulation treatment of IVF-ET were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 27 cases in each one. In the observation group, when the menstrual period delayed more than 7 days, the wheat-grain moxibustion at Yinbai (SP 1) was performed, once a day, with an interval of 1 day between two 3-day treatments; when the menstrual blood was cleaned, the ovulation was continued and the eggs were taken. In the control group, when the menstrual period delayed more than 7 days, the oral administration of dydrogesterone tablet was provided, 10 mg each time, twice a day; when the menstrual blood was cleaned, the ovulation was continued and the eggs were taken. The number of days for menstrual blood to be cleaned, the area change of uterine cavity hemorrhage, the morphology of endometrium, the blood supply of endometrium, the number of oocytes obtained, the grade of frozen embryo and the clinical effect were observed between the two groups after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the number of days for menstrual blood to be cleaned was shorter in the observation group after treatment (0.05). The cured rate in the observation group was 100.0% (27/27), higher than 33.3% (9/27) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The wheat-grain moxibustion at Yinbai (SP 1) could more effectively treat prolonged menstrual period after IVF-ET down-regulation treatment, which is beneficial to the preparation of the endometrium, and has no effect on the oocyte collection and embryo culture.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864269

ABSTRACT

Hepatic glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) are a group of rare inherited disorders of glycogen metabolism.Currently, since there is no specific treatment, nutritional therapy becomes the most effective way to reduce and relieve clinical symptoms.Although all types of hepatic GSDs are mainly treated with raw cornstarch, for different subtypes of hepatic GSDs, specific treatment strategies and management are different, so as to the key issues concerned during the follow-up.Therefore, attention should be paid to the long-term nutritional management of patients with different types of hepatic GSDs.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883490

ABSTRACT

Identification of components and metabolites of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) employing liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF MS) techniques with information-dependent acquisition (IDA) approaches is increasingly frequent. A current drawback of IDA-MS is that the complexity of a sample might prevent important compounds from being triggered in IDA settings. Sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment-ion spectra (SWATH) is a data-independent acquisition (DIA) method where the instrument deterministically fragments all precursor ions within the predefined m/z range in a systematic and unbiased fashion. Herein, the superiority of SWATH on the detection of TCMs' components was firstly investigated by comparing the detection ef-ficiency of SWATH-MS and IDA-MS data acquisition modes, and sanguisorbin extract was used as a mode TCM. After optimizing the setting parameters of SWATH, rolling collision energy (CE) and variable Q1 isolation windows were found to be more efficient for sanguisorbin identification than the fixed CE and fixed Q1 isolation window. More importantly, the qualitative efficiency of SWATH-MS on sanguisorbins was found significantly higher than that of IDA-MS data acquisition. In IDA mode, 18 kinds of sangui-sorbins were detected in sanguisorbin extract. A total of 47 sanguisorbins were detected when SWATH-MS was used under rolling CE and flexible Q1 isolation window modes. Besides, 26 metabolites of sangui-sorbins were identified in rat plasma, and their metabolic pathways could be deduced as decarbonylation, oxidization, reduction, methylation, and glucuronidation according to their fragmental ions acquired in SWATH-MS mode. Thus, SWATH-MS data acquisition could provide more comprehensive information for the component and metabolite identification for TCMs than IDA-MS.

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