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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913604

ABSTRACT

Reconstruction of defects around the knee region requires thin and pliable skin. The superior lateral genicular artery (SLGA) flap provides an excellent alternative to muscle-based flaps. The anatomy and the surgical techniques of the SLGA flap were reviewed and the results of cases using the SLGA flap for coverage of knee and proximal leg defects were analyzed. SLGA flaps were performed in two cases and followed up for at least 6 months. Twelve articles on the use of the SLGA flap were also identified. A review of 39 cases showed that the mean diameter of the perforator supplying the skin of the flap was 1.04 mm, while the mean diameter of the SLGA at its origin was 1.78 mm. The mean length of the pedicle measured from the origin of the popliteal artery was 7.44 cm. The average dimensions of the flap were 14.8×6.6 cm with primary closure of the donor site in 61.5% of cases. Of these cases, 38.5% were due to trauma, 23.1% were post-burn complications, 12.8% were defects after resection of tumors, and 10.3% were for ulcers post-bursectomy. The most common complication was flap tip necrosis. All studies reported favorable outcomes with complete wound healing.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of decitabine (DEC) combined with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on the number of immune cells, efficacy and adverse reactions in the treatment of myeloid neoplasms patients.@*METHODS@#Eighty-four patients with myeloid tumors, including AML, MDS-EB-1 or MDS-EB-2 treated by the regimen containing decitabine in our hospital from January 2009 to October 2019 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed, among the patients, 21 patients treated with DEC alone, 24 patients treated with DEC combined with ATRA (DEC/ATRA) and 39 patients treated with DEC combined with G-CSF priming regimen (DEC/priming). The changes of peripheral blood immune cell levels before and after treatment of the patients between the three groups were compared, and the differences in clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of the patients between the three groups were also compared.@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical differences in the number of immune cells among the patients in the three groups before treatment (P>0.05). NK cell levels decreased significantly in the patients in DEC and DEC/ATRA group after treatment (P<0.05); After treatment, the levels of CD8+ and CD3+T cells in the patients treated by DEC /priming regimen significantly increased (P<0.05), while the levels of CD3-HLA-DR+ B cells significantly decreased (P<0.05). The overall response rate (ORR) of the patients in DEC/ATRA group (75%) and DEC/priming group (74.36%) was significantly higher than 42.86% in DEC monotherapy group, and the differences showed statistically significant (P<0.05), while the ORR between the patients in DEC/ATRA and DEC/priming group showed no statistic differences (P>0.05). There were no statistical differences in overall survival (OS) and incidence of bleeding between the patients in the three groups (P>0.05). The incidences of grade 3 to 4 bone marrow suppression and the infection rate of the patients in DEC monotherapy and DEC/ATRA group were significantly lower than that in DEC/priming regimen group after treatment (all P<0.05), however, there was no statistical difference between DEC monotherapy and the DEC/ATRA group.@*CONCLUSION@#The efficacy of DEC/ATRA on myeloid neoplasms is comparable to that of DEC/priming regimen, and the anti-myeloid tumor effect of DEC/ATRA regimen may be related to the regulation of NK cells and T cells.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tretinoin/therapeutic use
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928614

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical efficacy of ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy in children with appendix-related chronic abdominal pain.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 30 children with the chief complaint of chronic abdominal pain who were admitted from August 2019 to May 2021. All the children were found to have inflammation of the appendix or intracavitary stool and fecalith by ultrasound and underwent ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy. The medical data for analysis included clinical manifestations, endoscopic findings, white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, length of hospital stay, and cure rate.@*RESULTS@#Among the 30 children with chronic abdominal pain, there were 13 boys (43%) and 17 girls (57%), with a mean age of (9±3) years (range 3-15 years) at diagnosis. The median duration of the disease was 12 months, and the median length of hospital stay was 3 days. The children had a median white blood cell count of 6.7×109/L and a neutrophil percentage of 50%±13%. Fecalith and a large amount of feces were flushed out of the appendix cavity for 21 children (70%) during surgery. The follow-up rate was 97% (29/30), and the median follow-up time was 11 months (range 5-26 months). Of the 29 children, abdominal pain completely disappeared in 27 children (93%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy is effective in children with chronic abdominal pain caused by feces or fecalith in the appendix cavity.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain/etiology , Adolescent , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendix/surgery , Child , Child, Preschool , Fecal Impaction , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Interventional
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928028

ABSTRACT

This study systematically searched CNKI and Web of Science(WoS) for the research papers on the toxicity of Tripterygium wilfordii included from database inception to August 31, 2021, and visually displayed the authors, research institutions, keywords, and other contents using bibliometrics and CiteSpace 5.8.3. Furthermore, the current situation and research progress on T. wilfordii safety were also analyzed based on information extraction to find the research hotspot, evolution path, and development trend, and to provide references for future research. A total of 1 876 Chinese papers and 243 English papers were included in the study. The analysis of authors showed that WANG Qi and ZHANG Luyong had the most publications in Chinese and English papers, respectively. According to the analysis of research institutions, National Institutes for Food and Drug Control and China Pharmaceutical University possessed the largest number of Chinese and English papers, respectively, but there was less cooperation between them. The analysis of keywords in Chinese and English papers showed that the research contents of the safety of T. wilfordii mainly focused on clinical monitoring, mechanism, dosage form improvement, quality standard, component analysis, monomer research, efficiency and toxicity reduction, etc. Metabonomics, tripterine, and the underlying mechanism of toxicity were the research hotspots in the future. At present, the research on the toxicity of T. wilfordii is still under development. It is necessary to highlight the in-depth research and strengthen the inter-group and inter-region cooperation of authors or institutions to provide references for the research on the toxicity of T. wilfordii.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Humans , Tripterygium
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of thumb-tack needles based on "Biaoben acupoint compatibility" on sequela symptoms, mental state and pulmonary ventilation function in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during recovery period.@*METHODS@#Fifty cases of COVID-19 during recovery period were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 25 cases in each group. The patients in the observation group were treated with thumb-tack needles at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Taiyuan (LU 9). The patients in the control group were treated with sham thumb-tack needles at identical acupoints as the observation group. The treatment in the two groups was given once a day, 7-day treatment was taken as a course of treatment, and totally two courses of treatment were given. The TCM symptom score, Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) score, pulmonary function (forced vital capacity [FVC], forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV1], peak expiratory flow [PEF]), the severity of pulmonary ventilation dysfunction and pulmonary imaging changes in the two groups were compared before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total scores and each item scores of TCM symptom scale, HAMA scores and HAMD scores in the two groups were reduced after treatment (P<0.05). Except for the symptom scores of dry throat and dry stool, the total score and each item score of TCM symptom scale, HAMA score and HAMD score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, FVC, FEV1 and PEF in the two groups were increased after treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The severity of pulmonary ventilation dysfunction in the two groups was reduced after treatment (P<0.05), and the severity in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the lung shadow area in the two groups was decreased (P<0.05), and that in the observation group was smaller than the control group (P<0.05). The improvement of imaging change in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The thumb-tack needles based on "Biaoben acupoint compatibility" could significantly reduce the sequela symptoms, anxiety and depression in patients with COVID-19 during recovery stage, and improve the pulmonary ventilation function.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Anxiety/etiology , COVID-19/therapy , Depression/etiology , Humans , Needles , Respiratory Function Tests , Thumb
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of SUN 's abdominal acupuncture and conventional acupuncture in the treatment of depression after methamphetamine withdrawal.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 female patients with depression after methamphetamine withdrawal were randomly divided into an observation group (40 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (40 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The control group was treated with conventional acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Taichong (LR 3), Shenmen (HT 7), Neiguan (PC 6), Danzhong (GV 17), and the observation group was treated with SUN 's abdominal acupuncture at area 1 of the abdomen and area 8 of the abdomen. Both groups were treated once a day, 30 min each time, 6 days as a course of treatment, 1 day rest between treatment courses, a total of 4 courses of treatment. The scores of withdrawal symptoms, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scale and serum serotonin (5-HT) level were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of withdrawal symptoms, HAMD and the various scores and total score of PSQI scale in the two groups were all lower than before treatment (P<0.01), and the scores of withdrawal symptoms, HAMD and the sleep quality, time to fall asleep, sleep time scores and total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). After treatment, the serum 5-HT level of the two groups was increased (P<0.01), and that in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#SUN 's abdominal acupuncture can improve withdrawal symptom, depression and sleep quality, increase serum 5-HT content in treatment of depression after methamphetamine withdrawal, and has better effect than conventional acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Female , Humans , Methamphetamine/adverse effects , Sleep Quality , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/therapy , Treatment Outcome
7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1131-1135, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923764

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To compare five com monly used judgment criteria for potentially inappropriate medication (PIM)in the elderly ,and to provide reference for clinical selection of appropriate PIM evaluation tools for the elderly. METHODS From the aspects of applicable age ,content and scale characteristics ,five commonly used PIM judgment criteria for the elderly at home and abroad were analyzed and compared ,namely Beer ’s criteria ,STOPP/START v 2 criteria,ACOVE 3 criteria,PIM-Check criteria and“Judgment Criteria for Potentially Inappropriate Medication for Chinese Elderly ”(Chinese criteria ). RESULTS The five standards both overlapped and focused in terms of scale characteristics. In each study ,the incidence of PIM was different according to different standards. Proton pump inhibitors ,diuretics,non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and anticoagulants were the most frequently occurring PIM drugs for the elderly. CONCLUSIONS Combining with the specific conditions of patients and fully considering the benefits and risks of treatment ,rational selection and combination of five PIM judgment criteria ,and necessary supplements to my country ’s PIM judgment criteria ,will help clinicians and pharmacists to improve the efficacy and safety of the medication in the elderly patients.

8.
Clinics ; 76: e1876, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153953

ABSTRACT

Although previous studies have indicated that statin therapy can effectively prevent the development of CIN, this observation remains controversial, especially in high-risk patients. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy of statin pretreatment for preventing the development of CIN in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to determine its effectiveness in various subgroups. We searched the online databases PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. RCTs that involved the comparison of the short-term moderate or high-dose statin pretreatment with placebo for CIN prevention in CKD patients undergoing angiography were included. The primary outcome was CIN prevalence. Seven RCTs comprising 4256 participants were investigated in this analysis. The risk of developing CIN in patients pretreated with statins was significantly lower than that in patients pretreated with placebo (RR=0.57, 95%CI=0.43-0.76, p=0.000). The SCr values of the statin group, when analyzed 48h after angiography were lower than those of the placebo group ((SMD=-0.15, 95% CI=-0.27 to -0.04, p=0.011). In the subgroup analysis, statin pretreatment could decrease the risk of CIN in CKD patients with DM (RR=0.54, 95% CI=0.39-0.76, p=0.000), but not in CKD patients without DM (RR=0.84, 95% CI=0.44-1.60, p=0.606). The efficacy of atorvastatin for preventing CIN was consistent with that observed with the use of rosuvastatin. The risk ratios (RR) were 0.51 (95% CI=0.32-0.81, p=0.004) and 0.60 (95% CI=0.41-0.88, p=0.009), respectively. Our study demonstrated that statin pretreatment could prevent the development of CIN in CKD patients. However, subgroup analysis demonstrated that statin pretreatment, despite being effective in preventing CIN in patients with CKD and DM, was not helpful for CKD patients without DM. Rosuvastatin and atorvastatin exhibited similar preventive effects with respect to CIN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Coronary Angiography , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Rosuvastatin Calcium/therapeutic use
9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 796-799, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876000

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the early changes of corneal higher-order aberrations(HOAs)of the anterior surface, posterior surface, and total cornea after femtosecond laser-assisted <i>in situ</i> keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)in mild to moderate myopic and high myopic patients. <p>METHODS: This retrospective study included 129 patients(129 eyes)underwent FS-LASIK surgery from December 2018 to December 2019. Treated eyes were divided into two groups, according to the preoperative spherical equivalent(SE): mild to moderate myopic group(<-6.0D, 76 eyes)and high myopic group(≥-6.0D, 53 eyes). Corneal HOAs of the anterior surface, posterior surface, and total cornea were measured by Pentacam anterior segment analysis system preoperatively and 6mo postoperatively. <p>RESULTS: The tHOAs, spherical aberrations and horizontal coma of the anterior surface and total cornea, significantly increased in both groups 6mo postoperatively(all <i>P</i><0.01). And more tHOAs, spherical aberrations and horizontal coma of the anterior surface and total cornea were induced in high myopic group than mild to moderate myopic group postoperatively(all <i>P</i><0.01). The horizontal coma of the posterior surface, significantly increased in both groups 6mo after operation(all <i>P</i><0.01). And more horizontal coma of the posterior surface were induced in high myopic group than mild to moderate myopic group postoperatively(<i>P</i><0.01). Changes in anterior surface and total corneal tHOAs, spherical aberrations and horizontal coma were related to the SE(all <i>P</i><0.01).<p>CONCLUSION:Anterior and total corneal tHOAs, spherical aberrations and horizontal coma, significantly increased after FS-LASIK, and aberration changes were related to SE. Whereas posterior corneal HOAs remained stable except horizontal coma. The long-term effect should be investigated in the future.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a mice model of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS), and to analyze the changes in intestinal inflammation and macrophage subsets at different stages, so as to find a new target for the treatment of IBD.Methods:Thirty male C57BL/6 mice of 6-8 weeks were randomly divided into control group, activation stage group and resolution stage group.The latter 2 groups were given 25 g/L DSS for 5 consecutive days to establish the IBD model.After 5 days, the mice were given filtered and sterilized water and sacrificed on the 10 th and 15 th day, respectively.Colon inflammation in mice was evaluated, including body weight, disease activity index (DAI) score, changes in colon length, histopathology and histopathological score.Then the expression levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β in colon tissues were detected by quantitative real-time PCR(qPCR). Finally, the changes of intestinal macrophage subsets were detected by flow cytometry. Results:The colon inflammation of mice in the activation stage group was significantly more severe than that in the control group, while the colon inflammation of mice in the resolution stage group was reduced.The colon length of mice in the activation stage group was (5.94±0.40) cm, which was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(7.25±0.29) cm], and the situation was slightly improved in the resolution stage with the colon length of [(6.87±0.95) cm], and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the activation stage were 53.40±6.58, 117.69±30.78 and 2.52±0.25, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group (1.00±0.13, 1.00±0.39, 1.00±0.10); the mRNA expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the resolution stage were 2.51±0.13, 5.43±0.51 and 1.73±0.14, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the activation stages(all P<0.05). The expression level of anti-inflammatory cytokine TGF-β in the resolution stage was 2.41±0.17, which was significantly higher than that in the activation stage (0.94±0.12), and the diffe-rence was statistically significant ( P<0.05). During the progression of IBD, there were 3 groups of macrophages in the lamina propria of intestinal mucosa of mice, of which the number of F4/80 lowCD 64-MHCⅡ - macrophage subset with the lowest maturity increased significantly in the activation stage of IBD, accounting for (10.68±4.62)%, and it decreased and returned to the normal level in the resolution stage, accounting for (4.63±1.06)%, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Macrophages play an important role in the progression of IBD, the hindrance of maturation and development may be the main cause of inflammatory injury in the activation stage of IBD, and the transformation of macrophage subsets may become a new target for the treatment of IBD.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1247-1250, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888546

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the hematological characteristics of Chinese @*METHODS@#Hemoglobin electrophoresis and blood routine test were used to analyze the hematological indexes of all peripheral blood samples,PCR-Flow fluorescent hybridization and Gap-PCR were used to detect the globin gene mutations and the data were analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#The 3 types of deletion β- Thalassemia patients were showed as hypochromic small cell anemia. The MCH and MCV values of Taiwan type β-thalassemia patients were the lowest. The results of hemoglobin electrophoresis showed that the increasing of HbF was found in all of the 3 types. Except for the decreasing of Hb A2 in Chinese @*CONCLUSION@#Through analyze the hematological characteristics, it can be provide that the guidance for the differential diagnosis and genetic consultation of the three commonest deletion β-thalassemia in Chinese.


Subject(s)
China , Diagnosis, Differential , Fetal Hemoglobin , Humans , Mutation , Thalassemia , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888013

ABSTRACT

A novel HPLC method with the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker( QAMS) combined with the dual-wavelength method was developed for simultaneous determination of six flavonoids in Dendrobium officinale stems from different producing areas,cultivation and processing methods to clarify the main factors contributing to the different composition of flavonoids.The separation of six flavonoids was performed on a Shiseido Capcell PAK MGⅡ C18 column( 4. 6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) using a linear gradient elution system of acetonitrile-0. 1% formic acid aqueous solution. Schaftoside,isoschaftoside,vicenin-2,and glucosylvitexin were simultaneously analyzed using rutin as a reference standard at detection wavelength of 340 nm,and naringenin was determined at290 nm. The credibility and feasibility of QAMS method were validated and the results demonstrated that no significant differences were observed as compared with the external standard method. Finally,a total of 82 batches of D. officinale samples were analyzed and principal component analysis( PCA) and discriminant analysis were applied to distinguish and compare D. officinale samples from different producing areas,cultivation and processing methods. The results showed that the total flavonoid content of D. officinale stems cultivated in the simulated wild( attached tree cultivation or attached stone cultivation) was significantly higher than that in greenhouse bed cultivation. The content of flavonoids in simulated-wild D. officinale stems was higher in Jiangxi,Guizhou,Zhejiang,and Fujian provinces,while that in greenhouse bed cultivation was higher in Fujian and Zhejiang provinces. The content of naringenin was positively correlated with processing temperature,and that of the other five flavonoids was negatively correlated with processing temperature. PCA showed that wild-simulated D. officinale and greenhouse bed-cultivated D. officinale could be roughly divided into two clusters. The samples cultivated in the greenhouse bed were divided into four categories according to the geographical habitats. Wild-simulated D. officinale samples from Guizhou gathered together,and there was no obvious rule in samples from other producing areas. The established method simplified the determination method of flavonoids in D. officinale,and could provide the basis for effective quality control,cultivation and processing of D. officinale.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dendrobium , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Quality Control
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887871

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of abbreviated comprehensive geriatric assessment(aCGA)in elderly female breast cancer patients. Methods Eight aspects of the traditional CGA were simplified to form the aCGA assessment table,based on which the patients were classified into three grades of A,B and C according to the total scores.This study enrolled the elderly female patients with breast cancer aged 70 years and above who were treated in PUMC Hospital from June 2018 to January 2020.Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group(ECOG)scoring and aCGA grading were performed respectively,and the results of the two methods were compared. Results Of the 162 patients,111(68.5%)were classified by the aGGA method as grade A,43(26.5%)as grade B,and 8(5.0%)as grade C;131(80.9%)cases have concurrent diseases,and the most common complications were hypertension(


Subject(s)
Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Female , Geriatric Assessment , Humans
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887737

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate multidrug resistant loop-mediated isothermal amplification (MDR-LAMP) assay for the early diagnosis of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and to compare the mutation patterns associated with the @*Methods@#MDR-LAMP assay was evaluated using 100 @*Results@#The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of MDR-LAMP were 85.5%, 93.6%, 96.7%, and 74.4% for the detection of resistance to isoniazid and rifampicin, respectively, and 80.5%, 92.3%, 98.6%, and 41.4% for the detection of @*Conclusion@#MDR-LAMP is a rapid and accessible assay for the laboratory identification of rifampicin and isoniazid resistance of


Subject(s)
Antitubercular Agents , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Catalase/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/analysis , DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases/genetics , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial/genetics , Isoniazid , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/methods , Mutation , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolation & purification , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/methods , Oxidoreductases/genetics , Phenotype , Rifampin , Whole Genome Sequencing
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1819-1827, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887610

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Twin pregnancies continue to increase worldwide; however, the current clinical prenatal evaluation for the intrauterine growth of twins still relies on the growth standards of singletons. We attempted to establish a set of fetal biometric references for Chinese twin pregnancies, stratified by chorionicity and conception mode as spontaneously conceived monochorionic diamniotic (SC-MCDA), spontaneously conceived dichorionic diamniotic (SC-DCDA), and assisted reproductive technology dichorionic diamniotic (ART-DCDA) twins.@*METHODS@#From 2016 to 2019, the ultrasonographic fetal biometric measurements were longitudinally collected in pregnant women, including fetal weight, biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, femur length, and humerus length. The linear mixed models were used to test the difference of growth patterns between groups, and the growth curve of each biometric parameter was modeled by a generalized additive model for location scale and shape.@*RESULTS@#A total of 929 twin pregnant women and 2019 singleton pregnant women, met the inclusion criteria. Among twin pregnancies, 148 were SC-MCDA, 215 were SC-DCDA, and 566 were ART-DCDA twins. Overall, SC-DCDA twins grew faster than SC-MCDA twins, while slower than ART-DCDA twins (all P < 0.05), and all of the three groups showed significant differences comparing with singletons, especially during the third trimester. Hence, the customized fetal growth charts of each fetal biometric parameter were, respectively, constructed for SC-MCDA, SC-DCDA, and ART-DCDA twins.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The fetal biometric trajectories demonstrated characteristic patterns according to chorionicity and conception mode. To fill the gap, we modeled fetal biometric parameters for Chinese SC-MCDA, SC-DCDA, and ART-DCDA twin pregnancies, hoping to provide a reference for the further establishment of fetal growth reference values for Chinese twin fetuses.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Fetal Development , Growth Charts , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Twin , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 225-229, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discover the epidemic characteristics of brucellosis in Yunnan Province, and establish a grey GM (1, 1) model to predict brucellosis in Yunnan Province.Methods:The epidemic data of incidence rate of brucellosis and population data in Yunnan Province from 2008 to 2018 were collected from China Disease Prevention and Control Information System and Yunnan Provincial Bureau of Statistics. Epidemiological characteristics (including time, area and population distributions) were analyzed, and grey GM (1, 1) model was used to predict the incidence of brucellosis in Yunnan Province in 2019 and 2020.Results:A total of 1 216 brucellosis cases were reported in Yunnan Province from 2008 to 2018, with an average annual incidence rate of 0.237 4/100 000, showing an increasing trend year by year (χ 2trend = 843.34, P<0.01). Case reports were mainly from March to September, accounted for 69.41% (844/1 216) of the total number of cases. The top five regions with case reports were Honghe (289 cases), Qujing (264 cases), Kunming (258 cases), Dali (160 cases), and Yuxi (134 cases), accounting for 90.87% (1 105/1 216). The occupation was mainly farmers, accounting for 79.03% (961/1 216). A grey GM (1, 1) model was established to predict the incidence of brucellosis in Yunnan Province in 2019 and 2020, which was 0.487 6/100 000 and 0.481 7/100 000, respectively. Conclusion:The incidence of brucellosis in Yunnan Province has increased compared with that of the past, and targeted prevention and control should be carried out in key areas and key populations, and the prediction results should be prospectively evaluated to gradually improve the establishment of brucellosis prediction model in Yunnan Province.

17.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 488-494, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the induction and activation of heparinase by extracellular histones in acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) induced by chlorine in mice.METHODS: The specific pathogen free adult male C57 BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group, chlorine injured group, histone injured group, anti-histone antibody group and heparinase inhibitor group, with six mice in each group.The mice in the control group and histone injured group were exposed to clean air, and the mice in the other three groups were exposed to chlorine gas at a dose of 580.0 mg/m~3 for 30 minutes by systemic dynamic inhalation.Mice in the histone injured group were injected with 50 mg/kg body weight calf thymus histone by tail vein.One hour before exposure, mice in the anti-histone antibody group were pretreated with 20 mg/kg body weight anti-histone H4 antibody by tail vein injection, and mice in the heparinase inhibitor group were injected with 2 mg/kg body weight OGT2115(heparinase inhibitor). The other three groups were given equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution by tail vein injection. After 24 hours of exposure, arterial blood was collected for blood gas analysis and the lung tissue was collected for histopathological examination. The protein level of heparinase in lung tissue were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the activity of heparinase were detected by measuring the product of heparan degradation. The protein expression of pro-heparinase and active heparinase were detected by Western blotting.RESULTS: The dyspnea developed of mice in the chlorine injured group and histone injured group, diffuse inflammation occurred in lung tissue, the oxygenation index in arterial blood decreased(all P<0.05), and the protein level and activity of heparinase in lung tissue, as well as the relative expression of pro-heparinase and active heparinase were increased compared with the control group(all P<0.05). The dyspnea, hypoxemia and acute lung injury of mice in the anti-histone antibody group were alleviated, and the protein level of heparinase in lung tissue, as well as the relative expression levels of pro-heparinase and active heparinase were decreased(all P<0.05), compared with chlorine injury group and histone injury group.The dyspnea, hypoxemia and acute lung injury were alleviated in the heparinase inhibitor group, and the activity of heparinase and the relative expression of pro-heparinase in the lung tissue were decreased compared with the chlorine injury group(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: During the occurrence and development of chlorine-induced ARDS in mice, extracellular histones aggravate lung injury by inducing the expression and activation of heparinase. Acute lung injury can be alleviated by inhibiting the expression and activation of heparinase.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1589-1597, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To propose a monosegment thoracic and lumbar fracture dislocation (mTLFD) classification, and to evaluate its reliability and clinical application.Methods:All of 298 cases of thoracic and lumbar fracture dislocation who received surgical management in our hospital from January 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. 123 cases were included in the study according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. mTLFD classification was proposed based on the imaging characteristics: type I (intervertebral disc injury mainly) and type II (vertebral burst fracture mainly). The type II was classified based on distribution of injury segment: type IIa (T 11 and above) and Ttype IIb (below T 11). Six spinal surgeons (3 residents, 3 associate chief physicians) were selected to classify the 123 cases according to preoperative imaging data, and to perform reliability test of each type. The repeatability and reliability of the classification were evaluated by ICC index. Different management strategies were performedf or each type: type I was managed with posterior decompression interbody fusion and internal fixation; type IIa underwent posterior decompression and fixation, subtotal vertebral resection and fusion was performed if bony compromise was still present through intra-operative exploration. Type IIb underwent posterior decompression, posterolateral fusion and internal fixation on the first stage, while anterior subtotal vertebral resection and reconstruction was performed on the second stage if the bony compromise was still present based on post-operative CT examination. The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading of all patients was recorded, and the visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswetry disability Iindex (ODI) and local Cobb angle of each type was compared between pre-operation and final follow-up. Results:The average follow-up time of all patients was 10.4±1.8 months. The average repeatability and reliability ICC index of mTLFD of 3 residents and 3 deputy chief physicians were 0.926 and 0.964, respectively, and 0.746 and 0.907, respectively. The reliability ICC index of type I, type IIa and type IIb was 0.918, 0.947 and 0.962, respectively, and the repeatability ICC index was 0.930, 0.940 and 0.966, respectively. The neurological function recovery was obtained in 56 patients. The preoperative VAS of type I, type IIa and type IIb were 8.5±1.0, 8.4±1.0 and 8.3±0.9, and 2.0±1.1, 1.8±1.0 and 1.8±0.9 at the final follow-up (all P<0.001). The ODI of type I, type IIa and type IIb were 97.0%±2.1%, 97.1%±1.9% and 97.3%±2.1% before surgery, and 29.5%±6.8%, 27.0%±6.0% and 29.0%±6.7% at the final follow-up (all P<0.001). The local Cobb angles of type I, type IIa and type IIb were 20.9°±7.1°, 29.0°±9.1° and 26.4°±6.9° before surgery, and 12.5°±5.4°, 18.0°±9.1° and 13.1°±5.1° at the final follow-up (all P<0.001). Conclusion:The mTLFD classification proposed in this study has strong repeatability and reliability, and management strategy of each type have achieved satisfactory clinical efficacy, indicating that the classification has certain significance for management of thoracic and lumbar spine fracture dislocation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 955-960, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909962

ABSTRACT

Thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF)is more common in patients with osteoporosis,which seriously affects the life quality of the elderly. Percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP)and percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)are the conventionally effective strategies for treatment of OVCF,whereas quite a lot OVCF patients still sufferred from residual back pain,affecting postoperative recovery. Bone density,postoperative infection,cement leakage induced nerve injury,fascia injury and facet joint violation may be the potential factors for residual back pain. In this study,the authors review advances in the definition of residual back pain in OVCF after surgery and related risk factors including injured vertebrae,bone density,fascia injury,intravertebral vacuum cleft,cement volume and distribution,surgical related factors including facet joint violation,hoping to provide a reference for clinical treatment.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909344

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research status and discuss hot topics and development trends of studies on clinical nutrition in congenital heart disease (CHD) at home and abroad, so as to provide reference for Chinese researchers.Method:Studies on clinical nutrition in CHD were retrieved from the databases of CNKI and Web of Science, from the founding of database until 2020. CiteSpace 5.6.R5 was used for visual analysis of authors, countries, institutions, research hotspots and frontiers.Results:A total of 163 Chinese and 1,809 English publications were included. The number of literatures published at home and abroad shows an overall trend of growth. The United States has the largest number of publications, with China in seventh place. Domestic publishing institutions are mainly hospitals, led by Nanjing Children's Hospital affiliated to Nanjing Medical University. Foreign publications are mainly by university institutions, with Harvard University in the United States ranking first. Research teams led by authors including Gu Ying and Ravishankar C. are at the core in this field. The most discussed issues in China are mainly nutritional risk, nutritional support and nutrient research. The main target populations are ICU patients, premature infants, infants and children, etc. The forefront of research includes early enteral nutrition, prognosis and feeding intolerance. In foreign countries, studies mainly focus on epidemiology, nutritional support, malnutrition, risk factors, nutritional treatment, energy metabolism, obesity, clinical outcomes, etc. Main target population is special population, such as neonates with CHD, infants, children, patients after heart transplantation, etc. cohort studies and researches on overweight are at the frontier.Conclusions:The research on nutrition in CHD has attracted more and more attention. There are some differences in research content and hot topics between domestic and foreign studies. Therefore, we should strengthen the cooperation and exchanges among institutions, combine the advantages of CHD nutrition research in China, and strengthen the epidemiological study of CHD nutrition and the nutrition management of CHD key population, so as to further promote research development in this field.

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