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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885950

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the reconstuctive strategy of the defect of anterior rectus fascia and rectus abdominus muscle in the clinical practice.Methods:Between November 2009 and Janurary 2020, clinical data of 24 female patients that underwent 29 anterior rectus fascia and rectus abdominus muscle reconstructions of defect were reviewed retrospectively. The median age was 42.5 years (range, 35-60 years), including 20 breast reconstructions, 2 pelvic reconstructions, 1 thoracic defect after tumor resection and 1 abdominal defect after tumor resection. According to the location and size of the anterior rectus fascia and rectus abdominus muscle defect, three reconstructive methods were applied: 6 direct clousres were applied if the width of defect was less than half of the anterior rectus fascia, 21 polypropylene mesh onlay reconstructions were applied for which the width of defect was or more than half of the anterior rectus fascia, and 2 direct suture closure were applied for the simple rectus abdominus muscle defect.Results:All the patients healed eventfully without abdominal wound complications, such as infection, hematoma, dehiscence. The patients were followed up for a median period of 30 months (range, 5-126 months). 1 patient died of breast cancer recurrence and matastasis at 36 months postoperatively. No patient developed a mesh infection or required mesh removal secondary to infection or foreign body reaction. There was no abdominal wall hernia, 1 patient developed abdominal bulge without further treatment because of no abdominal wall discomfort.Conclusions:The key of successful operation is different reconstructive methods applied to reconstruct the integrity and stability of abdominal wall, based on the location and size of the anterior rectus fascia and rectus abdominus muscle defect.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885687

ABSTRACT

Human rotavirus (RV) is one of the main pathogens that cause non-bacterial acute gastroenteritis diseases globally. Live attenuated vaccine is an effective method to prevent RV infection. In order to improve the safety of RV vaccines, it is a good choice to develop other forms of vaccines other than live virus vaccines to avoid attenuated vaccine strains to restore virulence through back mutation or cause environmental contamination. This article reviews the research of RV virus like particle(VLP) vaccines.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the neutralizing epitope of enterovirus 71 (EV71) and determine the specific minimum amino acid sequence that triggers immunity for providing a theoretical basis for the development of synthetic peptide vaccines.Methods:EV71 neutralizing antibody-specific binding clones were panned and sequenced using a phage display random 12-peptide library to obtain the key sequences of neutralizing epitopes. A series of peptides containing the key sequences with N-terminal acetylation (AC) and C-terminal linking to Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) were synthesized. Serum samples were collected after immunizing mice with the modified peptides. Then the immunogenicity of the peptides and the neutralizing activity of serum samples were analyzed by Western blot, ELISA and neutralization test.Results:After three rounds of panning, cloning and sequencing, KQEKDL was identified as the key motif. The serum samples collected from the mice immunized with the modified series of peptides containing key motifs had different degrees of binding ability to EV71 and VP1 protein. The serum samples of mice immunized the synthetic peptide containing only the minimum key motif (AC-KQEKDL-KLH) had the strongest response to the other three peptides and EV71 and the highest neutralizing titer.Conclusions:The EV71 neutralizing epitope was successfully screened using the phage display random peptide library. The key motif of KQEKDL might be the specific minimum amino acid sequence that triggered the immune system. This study provides a theoretical basis for better understanding the immune response mechanism, evaluating the immunogenicity of the antigens and further research and development of polypeptide vaccines.

4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 226-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical characteristics of cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity caused by injection of equine tetanus antitoxin (TAT) or equine anti-tetanus immunoglobulin F (ab′) 2. Methods:Clinical data were collected from 181 outpatients or inpatients with cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity caused by injection of equine TAT or anti-tetanus immunoglobulin from 2008 to 2020, and retrospectively analyzed.Results:Before the injection of equine TAT or anti-tetanus immunoglobulin, skin test was negative in 171 (94.47%) of the 181 patients, and the 10 (5.53%) patients with positive skin test responses received desensitization injection. Among the 181 patients, there were 118 males and 63 females aged from 11 to 68 years, with the disease duration of 1 to 7 days and alatency period of 4 to 14 days. There was no significant difference in the clinical manifestations between the patients receiving injection of TAT (130 cases) and those receiving injection of equine anti-tetanus immunoglobulin (51 cases) . Urticaria-like rashes were the main clinical manifestation, and infiltrative erythema occurred at the injection site in 12 patients, of whom 10 developed generalized urticaria all over the body. Of the 181 patients, 163 (90.06%) presented with generalized skin rashes, and 56 (30.94%) had systemic symptoms such as chest tightness, fever, etc, of whom 15 (26.79%) had a history of allergies and 6 with severe symptoms had no history of allergies. Thirty-four (18.78%) patients had single or multiple laboratory abnormalities, such as increased white blood cell counts, elevated C-reactive protein level and urinary glucose, and presence of occult blood in urine. All cases responded well to the treatment with antihistamines and glucocorticoids. The treatment duration ranged from 3 to 10 days, and the outcome was good.Conclusion:TAT-or anti-tetanus immunoglobulin-induced cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity may still occur in patients with a negative skin test or after desensitization treatment, and mainly manifests as urticaria-like rashes.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the associations of urinary retinol binding protein (RBP) and β 2-microglobulin (β 2-MG) with urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) and renal function in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods:A total of 1 030 Chinese patients with T2DM were included in this study. The subjects were divided into the UACR normal group (<30 mg/g), microalbuminuria group (30-300 mg/g) and macroalbuminuria group (>300 mg/g). Patients with normal UACR were further divided into two groups according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): the eGFR low group (<90 ml·min -1·1.73m -2) and the normal eGFR group (≥90 ml·min -1·1.73m -2). Urine RBP and β 2-MG levels among the groups were compared. Multiple linear regression analyses were applied to evaluate risk factors of urine RBP and β 2-MG. Results:In all patients ( n=1 030), urine RBP and β 2-MG increased gradually with the increase of UACR across the three groups, the proportions of abnormal urine RBP (>0.7 mg/L) and β 2-MG (>370 μg/L) in these groups were 3.8%, 8.5%, 39.0% ( P<0.001), and 12.9%, 26.7%, 46.8% ( P<0.001), respectively. In the UACR normal group ( n=788), 12.2% of the patients were with eGFR<90 ml·min -1·1.73m -2. The proportion of abnormal β 2-MG (>370 μg/L) was higher in the eGFR low group than that in the eGFR normal group (29.2% vs. 10.7%, P<0.001). Multivariate linear stepwise regression analyses were performed using natural logarithm of urine RBP or β 2-MG as dependent variable, and showed that urine RBP was independently associated with UACR ( β=0.0005, P<0.001), serum creatinine ( β=0.006, P<0.001) and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c ( β=0.050, P=0.001), and β 2-MG was independently correlated with UACR ( β=0.000 4, P<0.001), serum creatinine ( β=0.011, P<0.001), systolic blood pressure ( β=0.005, P=0.031) and fasting blood-glucose ( β=0.027, P=0.046). Conclusions:Urine RBP and β 2-MG are positively associated with high UACR and impaired renal function in T2DM patients, and these changes could occur before UACR and eGFR turned out to be abnormal. It is recommended that urine RBP and β 2-MG be detected as early as possible to identify diabetic kidney disease in patients with normal UACR and eGFR.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884335

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the monitoring value of echocardiography for atrial septostomy during the treatment of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO).Methods:Sixteen patients underwent atrial septostomy during the treatment of ECMO in Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital from Jan.2017 to Dec.2019 were included. The diameter of the ostomy, the direction of interatrial shunt, the tricuspid regurgitation degree and the pulmonary artery pressure were measured by echocardiography daily after atrial septostomy.Results:There were no significant differences in the diameter of the ostomy in 16 patients(the range of coefficient of variation 0.86%-4.77%). The direction of interatrial shunt changed gradually from right - left atrial shunt to left - right atrial shunt. Pulmonary arterial pressure decreased gradually(the range of coefficient of variation 14.70%-32.13%) as estimated by tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient.Conclusions:Atrial septostomy is an effective measure to relieve right heart pressure and improve right heart function in patients with ECMO. The echocardiography can be helpful for the monitoring of atrial septostomy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediation effect of personality between negative life events and risky mentation of university students.Methods:A cross sectional investigation was conducted among 8 379 freshmen with the adolescent self-rating life events check list (ASLEC), the prodromal questionnaire(PQ-16) and the Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ). The data were analyzed by SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 24.0.Results:The total score of negative life events scale((31.16±0.58) vs (15.19±0.15)), the scores of neuroticism((58.20±0.36) vs (41.59±0.13)) and psychoticism((53.07±0.29) vs (47.71±0.08)) in the risk psychological state group were significantly higher ( t=26.611, 42.270, 17.286, all P<0.01), and the score of introversion-extroversion factor was significantly lower((49.83±0.42) vs (55.88±0.13), t=-13.634, P<0.01) than those in the risk-free psychological state group. There was a positive correlation between the scores of risk psychological state and negative life events( r=0.290, 0.334, both P<0.01), and the scores of risk psychological state and negative life events were positively correlated with the scores of personality neuroticism and psychoticism ( r=0.139-0.469, all P<0.01) in both risk psychological state and risk-free psychological state group.The risk psychological state score of college students was negatively correlated with the inside and outside personality score( r=-0.070, P<0.01), and the score of negative life events was not correlated with introversion-extroversion personality score in the risk psychological state group, while the score of risk psychological state, negative life events and introversion-extroversion personality score were negatively correlated in the risk-free psychological state group ( r=-0.177, -0.080, P<0.01). The personality of college students played a complete mediating role between negative life events and risk psychological state in the risk psychological state group, while the personality of college students in the risk-free psychological state group played a partial mediating role between negative life events and risk psychological state, accounted for 71.43% of the total effect. Conclusion:Negative life events not only directly lead to the risky mentation of college students, but also affect the risky mentation of college students by the mediation effect of introverted and extroverted tendency and unstable emotion.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 419-425, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883738

ABSTRACT

Objective:This article analyzes the epidemic situation and characteristics of Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Russian Federation (referred to as Russia), summarizes the effective measures and problems exposed by Russia to deal with COVID-19, so as to provide reference for our country's epidemic prevention and control, and seek the direction of cooperation under the background of Sino Russia scientific and technological innovation in view of public health emergency.Methods:The epidemic characteristics and prevention and control measures were analyzed based on the data released by official authoritative news media such as Sputnik News Agency & Radio and Stopcoronavirus Website.Results:Russia's first confirmed case was on January 31, 2020 and its first peak of epidemic outbreak was on May 10, 2020. Thanks to a series of prevention and control measures and isolation and detection systems established by the Russia government according with national conditions, such as establishment of COVID-19 medical treatment centers, restrictions on alcohol sales, and the accelerating development of the vaccine and test kit the epidemic was basically controlled at the end of August in 2020. In September, Russia saw the second peak of the outbreak of COVID-19.Conclusions:The fatality rate of COVID-19 in Russia has been at a low level. Therefore, its prevention and control measures, experience and even its deficiencies are worth of learning by China. And we should also strengthen cooperation with Russia in the field of vaccine research and development and its clinical trials.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883614

ABSTRACT

Standardized residency training is a systematic, standardized and homogeneous project. With the continuously increasing requirements for fine management, the management of standardized residency training is facing enormous challenges, and the construction of management information system is imperative. This paper introduces the basic modules design and application experience of management information system for standardized residency training in training hospitals, aiming at improving work efficiency, standardizing process management and ensuring training quality.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883611

ABSTRACT

In this study, the virtual simulation tutoring system was applied to the teaching of dental residents in the standardized training stage for the first time, including the curriculum preparation, curriculum design and teaching practice. Through the practice of the preparation of class Ⅱ holes and the tooth preparation of PFM (porcelain fused to metal) by the dental residents in the virtual simulation teaching system, the teaching arrangement of three courses as one term was explored. Each course adopted the matching interactive teaching mode. Finally, the transcripts would be given by the virtual simulation teaching system to comment and summarize. This study has laid a foundation for future promotion of virtual simulation teaching system in the standardized training stage of stomatology residents and found a new direction for improving the proficiency and accuracy of residents' clinical operation skills.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences between emergency healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), to analyze whether HCAP is a relatively independent type pneumonia in the emergency department in China.Methods:Clinical data of HCAP and CAP patients admitted to the emergency department of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University and Huilongguan Hospital from September 2018 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. General information of the patients, types of basic diseases, laboratory examination within 24 h of admission, etiological examination results, empirical anti-infection treatment plan, mechanical ventilation and clinical outcome were collected. The pneumonia severity index (PSI) was used to assess the pneumonia severity. The measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation for t test, and the counting data were performed by χ 2 test. A P<0.05 indicated statistical difference. Results:One hundred and five HCAP patients and 105 CAP patients were collected. The number of HCAP combined with two or more basic diseases was higher than that of the CAP group. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in white blood cell count, mean hemoglobin and blood lactic acid level.The PSI score of the HCAP group was higher than that of the CAP group (134.0±26.3 vs 113.0±16.34). The PSI score grade IV of the HCAP group was lower than that of the CAP group, while the PSI score grade V of the HCAP group was higher than that of the CAP group, with statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). In the HCAP group, 73 strains (69.52%) and 55 strains (52.38%) of multi-drug resistant strains were isolated. Acinetobacter baumannii and Streptococcus pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli in the HCAP group were more than those in the CAP group. The drug resistance rate of pseudomonas aeruginosa to imipenem in the HCAP group was higher than that in the CAP group (22.2% vs 10.0%); the drug resistance rate of Acinetobacter baumannii to cefoperazone/sulbactam was lower than that in the CAP group (27.3% vs 54.5%); the drug resistance rate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Meropenem was lower than that in the CAP group (45.5% vs 72.7%). The proportion of carbapenems in the initial empirical anti-infection treatment in the HCAP group was higher than that in the CAP group (21.00% vs 10.48%), and the difference was statistically significant. The ratio of invasive mechanical ventilation and the fatality rate in the HCAP group were higher than those in the CAP group (21.00% vs 7.62%, 21.00% vs 8.57%; both P<0.05). Conclusions:HCAP patients in emergency department are complicated with a variety of basic diseases, high drug resistance rate of pathogenic bacteria, and more advanced drugs are required for initial empirical anti-infection treatment, high proportion of mechanical ventilation, and high fatality rate. HCAP is a relatively independent category of pneumonia in emergency in China.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882217

ABSTRACT

At present, there is little research on the new teaching mode for the practice course of epidemiology. Based on the situation, this paper mainly discussed how the MOOC (Massive Open Online Course)-based multi-teaching mode was applied to the practice course of Epidemiology. The structure of this multi- teaching mode consisted of case base construction, class preparation, class presentation and learning evaluation. Thus, MOOC, flipped Class Mode and other new teaching modes were integrated into traditional face-to-face teaching. In addition, this paper also demonstrated the implementation of the multi-teaching mode in the teaching of preventive medicine. It is worth exploring how to integrate MOOC into the teaching of the practice course of epidemiology in the future.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 111-114, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the hazardous status of respiratory dust in coal mining enterprises. METHODS: A total of 20 coal mining enterprises in a mining group were selected as the research subjects using a cluster random sampling method. Respiratory dust in the workplace was detected, and the incidence of pneumoconiosis was investigated. RESULTS: The dust types in the workplace of these 20 coal mining enterprises were mainly coal dust and silica dust. The posts with serious coal dust hazard were coal mining and tunneling posts. The M(P_0-P_(100)) of the exposure concentration of time weighted average(C_(TWA)) were 2.38(0.19-14.21) and 2.73(0.49-9.57) mg/m~3. The over-standard rate was 49.2% and 50.0%, respectively, that was higher than the post of gangue selection(all P<0.05 or all P<0.017). The results of short time exposure concentration of short term(C_(STE)) and the over-standard rate were higher in the coal mining and tunneling posts than those of gangue selection and boiler room post(all P<0.05 or all P<0.008). The most serious post with silica dust hazard was the tunneling post, and the M(P_0-P_(100))of C_(TWA) was 1.30(0.38-8.50) mg/m~3, and the over-standard rate was 85.7%. The detection results and over-standard rate of C_(STEL) were higher in the coal mining and tunneling posts than that of boiler room post(all P<0.01). The coal dust over-standard rate of C_(TWA) in workplaces of coal mining enterprises increased from 2015 to 2018(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the over-standard rate of silica dust C_(TWA) in different years(P>0.05). From 2015 to 2018, the incidence of pneumoconiosis was 0.3%, 0.3%, 0.2% and 0.3% respectively, and the patients were all from coal mining and tunneling posts. CONCLUSION: The supervision, management and treatment of respiratory dust hazard in coal mining and tunneling posts should be strengthened to protect the health of workers.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 107-114, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881981

ABSTRACT

Complex noise with impulse or impact property is common in workplace, and its damage on the auditory system is greater than that of steady-state noise. At present, the noise exposure measurement and evaluation indicators widely used in the world mainly include the equivalent continuous sound level and the cumulative noise exposure, both are based on the equal energy hypothesis(EEH). EEH only considered the damage of noise energy on the auditory system, but ignored the effect of temporal characteristics of noise, and underestimated the degree of hearing loss associated with complex noise. This paper first introduced the limitations of current noise exposure assessment standards at home and abroad, then introduced the definition of temporal kurtosis and the calculation method of its related energy indexes(such as cumulative noise exposure and equivalent continuous A-weighted sound pressure level), and further summarized the effectiveness of temporal kurtosis as an auxiliary parameter of noise energy in assessing the risk of hearing loss caused by complex noise, providing a rationale to supplement the existing noise assessment standards.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 65-68, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881971

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of a balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention on anxiety and depression in caregivers of the elderly. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to select 234 caregivers for the elderly as the study subjects. A random number table method was used to divide them into a control group(116) and an intervention group(118). The control group was given conventional psychological crisis intervention; the intervention group received a balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention on the basis of conventional psychological crisis intervention. The anxiety and depression scores of the two groups were investigated before and after the intervention using the Anxiety Self-Rating Scale and Depression Self-Rating Scale, respectively. RESULTS: The anxiety scores of the control group were(43.0±6.8) and(40.1±6.3), and the depression scores were(45.4±12.0) and(42.7±11.4), before and after the intervention, respectively. The pre-and post-intervention scores were(43.5±6.5) and(38.4±5.6) for anxiety and(46.9±6.0) and(39.8±5.6) for depression in the intervention group, respectively. Before the intervention, the anxiety and depression scores of the 2 groups were compared separately, and the difference was not statistically significant(all P>0.05). In the control group, only the anxiety score was lower than the pre-intervention score(P<0.01); in the intervention group, both the post-anxiety and post-depression scores were lower than the pre-intervention scores(all P<0.01). After the intervention, the anxiety and depression scores of the caregivers in the intervention group were lower than those of the control group, respectively(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention can effectively alleviate anxiety and depression in caregivers of the elderly.

16.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 107-127, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880883

ABSTRACT

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is one of the leading causes of death from gynecologic cancers and peritoneal dissemination is the major cause of death in patients with EOC. Although the loss of 4.1N is associated with increased risk of malignancy, its association with EOC remains unclear. To explore the underlying mechanism of the loss of 4.1N in constitutive activation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and matrix-detached cell death resistance, we investigated samples from 268 formalin-fixed EOC tissues and performed various in vitro and in vivo assays. We report that the loss of 4.1N correlated with progress in clinical stage, as well as poor survival in EOC patients. The loss of 4.1N induces EMT in adherent EOC cells and its expression inhibits anoikis resistance and EMT by directly binding and accelerating the degradation of 14-3-3 in suspension EOC cells. Furthermore, the loss of 4.1N could increase the rate of entosis, which aggravates cell death resistance in suspension EOC cells. Moreover, xenograft tumors in nude mice also show that the loss of 4.1N can aggravate peritoneal dissemination of EOC cells. Single-agent and combination therapy with a ROCK inhibitor and a 14-3-3 antagonist can reduce tumor spread to varying degrees. Our results not only define the vital role of 4.1N loss in inducing EMT, anoikis resistance, and entosis-induced cell death resistance in EOC, but also suggest that individual or combined application of 4.1N, 14-3-3 antagonists, and entosis inhibitors may be a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of EOC.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880629

ABSTRACT

Dermatomyositis (DM) is a kind of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy characterized by chronic proximal skeletal muscle weakness and unique skin lesions. However, DM with exfoliation of esophageal mucosa is rare. A 36-year-old male patient complained of muscular soreness of extremities, dysphagia, and pharyngalgia was diagnosed with DM with exfoliation of esophageal mucosa. After treatment with glucocorticoid, immunosuppressant, acupuncture, and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), the above symptoms were disappeared. During the 3-year follow-up period, the results of routine physical examination, laboratory examination, gastroscopy, and imaging examination were normal. High-dose of corticosteroid is needed in the initial treatment, but it must be reduced regularly to avoid adverse reactions. Acupuncture and ESD are also effective as adjuvant therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Dermatomyositis/complications , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Esophageal Mucosa , Esophageal Neoplasms , Gastroscopy , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the protective effects of Humulus lupulus L. extract (HLE) on osteoporosis mice.@*METHODS@#In vivo experiment, a total of 35 12-week-old female ICR mice were equally divided into 5 groups: the sham control group (sham); the ovariectomy with vehicle group (OVX); the OVX with estradiol valerate [EV, 0.2 mg/(kg•d)] the OVX with low- or high-dose HLE groups [HLE, 1 g/(kg•d) and 3 g/(kg•d)], 7 in each group. Treatment began 1 week after the ovariectomized surgery and lasted for 12 weeks. Bone mass and trabecular bone mircoarchitecture were evaluated by micro computed tomography, and bone turnover markers in serum were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. In vitro experiment, osteoblasts and osteoclasts were treated with HLE at doses of 0, 4, 20 and 100 µg/mL. Biomarkers for bone formation in osteoblasts and bone resorption in osteoclasts were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the OVX group, HLE exerted bone protective effects by the increase of estradiol (P<0.05), the improvement of cancellous bone structure, bone mineral density (P<0.01) and the reduction of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), bone gla-protein, c-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen (CTX-I) and deoxypyridinoline levels (P<0.01 for all). In vitro experiment, compared with the control group, HLE at 20 µg/mL promoted the cell proliferation (P<0.01), and increased the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and osteopontin levels in osteoblasts (both P<0.05). HLE at 100 µg/mL increased the osteoblastic ALP activities, and HLE at all dose enhanced the extracellular matrix mineralization (both P<0.01). Furthermore, compared with the control group, HLE at 20 µg/mL and 100 µg/mL inhibited osteoclastic TRAP activity (P<0.01), and reduced the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and cathepsin K (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#HLE may protect against bone loss, and have potentials in the treatment of osteoporosis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880144

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the polymorphism of miR-155 and its target gene MyD88 and clinicopathological features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#135 cases of DLBCL patients in our hospital from March 2015 to August 2017 were selected, and 90 cases of reactive hyperplasia of lymph nodes were selected as the control group. The relative expression of miR-155 and MyD88 gene polymorphism were detected in the two groups, and the relationship between miR-155 and MyD88 gene polymorphism and clinicopathological characteristics of DLBCL was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The relative expression of miR-155 in DLBCL patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The mutation rate of MyD88 L265P in DLBCL group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The relative expression of miR-155 in patients with MyD88 L265P mutation was significantly higher than that in patients with wild-type DLBCL (P<0.05). The relative expression of miR-155 and the polymorphism of MyD88 L265P were associated with lesion location, stage, BCL-2 protein expression and MyD88 protein expression in DLBCL patients (t=7.461、8.804、6.487、10.812; χ@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormal expression of miR-155 and the mutation rate of MyD88 gene in DLBCL patients are increased, and the expression of miR-155 and the mutation of MyD88 gene affect the disease progression and prognosis of patients, which may be potential biological indicators for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Mutation , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prognosis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the plasma components of frozen plasma (FP) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP).@*METHODS@#Twenty samples of FP and 20 samples of FFP from Beijing Red Cross Blood Center were randomly selected. Immediately after plasma melting, 12 plasma components including coagulation factor, fibrinolytic system and anticoagulation protein were detected, including activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), coagulation factor Ⅷ (FⅧ) activity, coagulation factor Ⅴ (FⅤ) activity, fibrinogen(FIB) level, ADAMTS-13 activity, von Willebrand factor(vWF) activity, D-dimer (D-dimer, DD), fibrin degradation products (FDP), antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC), and protein S (PS). All these coagulation components between the two types of plasma were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with FFP, APTT in FP was significantly prolonged(t=3.428, P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#FP can substitute FFP in the treatment of some diseases, although it is lack of some coagulation factors and anticoagulation protein.


Subject(s)
Beijing , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Factors , Blood Coagulation Tests , Humans , Plasma
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