Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 478
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 367-371, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923107

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate adolescent haze weather health protection behavior, and to provide scientific basis for behavioral intervention and health guidance for adolescents in haze weather.@*Methods@#From June 2015 to April 2016, 1 025 adolescents were selected from 22 classes in two middle schools of Baoding City, Hebei Province, by stratified cluster sampling method. General information questionnaire and the Brief Haze Weather Health Protection Behavior Assessment Scale Adolescent Version (BHWHPBAS AV) were used. Multiple linear regressions were conducted to explore factors affecting adolescent haze weather health protection behavior. Different models were used to confirm associations between influencing factors and BHWHPBAS AV scores.@*Results@#Adolescents had a low overall score of BHWHPBASAV (45.81±13.16). The score rate of self adjustment after haze weather was the highest (64.54%). The score rate of obtaining relevant knowledge before haze weather was the lowest (50.28%). Compared with adolescents in urban area, rural adolescents had a lower BHWHPBAS AV score ( β=-3.20, P <0.01). Compared with students (living with parents), those living without parents had a lower BHWHPBAS AV score ( β=-4.16, P =0.01). Compared with students never receive physical examination,those had received physical examination during the past years had a higher BHWHPBAS AV score ( β=4.44,5.66,9.04, P <0.01). Compared with students with no knowledge of respiratory system diseases, those with moderate to sufficient knowledge had a higher BHWHPBAS AV score ( β=9.34,12.19,P <0.01). These associations were stable and consistent.Multiple linear regression analysis showed that residence, residence with parents, physical examination and knowledge of respiratory diseases were the relevant factors of BHWHPBAS AV score ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Adolescent haze weather health protection behavior level is low and is affected by many factors. Cooperation should be strengthened to conduct behavioral interventions and health guidance on haze health protection for adolescents, so as to promote healthy growth of adolescents.

2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 185-189, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920621

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the mortality trends and life loss due to pancreatic cancer death among residents in Suzhou City from 2006 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the management of pancreatic cancer.@*Methods @#The data pertaining to the death of pancreatic cancer in Suzhou City from 2006 to 2020 were collected from the Jiangsu provincial mortality surveillance system. The crude mortality, standardized mortality, years of potential life lost ( YPL L), rate of YPLL ( YPLLR ), average years of life lost ( AYLL ) and annual percent change (APC) were calculated to analyze the changing trend in mortality and life loss due to pancreatic cancer.@*Results@#The crude mortality of pancreatic cancer was 13.57/105 in Suzhou City from 2006 to 2020, appearing a tendency towards a rise ( P<0.05) with APC of 2.95%. The standardized mortality of pancreatic cancer was 6.39/105. The crude mortality of pancreatic cancer was 15.14/105 in men and 12.06/105 in women, which both showed a tendency towards a rise ( P<0.05 ) with APC of 3.18% and 2.73%. The crude mortality of pancreatic cancer appeared a tendency towards a decline in residents at ages of 30 to 45 years and 45 to 60 years ( P<0.05 ), with APC of -4.93% and -1.63%, and appeared a tendency towards a rise in residents at ages of 60 years and greater ( P<0.05 ), with APC of 0.53%. The YPLL and YPLLR of pancreatic cancer were 55 340 person-years and 0.06% in Suzhou City from 2006 to 2020, while the AYLL of pancreatic cancer was 9.81 years per person, which appeared a tendency towards a decline ( P<0.05 ), with APC of -2.35%.@*Conclusions@#The crude mortality of pancreatic cancer appeared a tendency towards a rise in Suzhou City from 2006 to 2020, and the AYLL showed a tendency towards a decline. Health education and screening of pancreatic cancer should be reinforced among men and the elderly.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Since the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in December 2019, the search for a potential treatment for COVID-19 has been a constant focus. Therefore, we identified potential treatments for COVID-19 from Hippophae Fructus, a Tibetan medicine that may act on COVID-19, using a network pharmacology approach. METHODS We collected the chemical constituents and corresponding targets of Hippophae Fructus from traditional Chinese medicine system pharmacology (TCMSP). COVID-19 related genes were predicted in pubmed-Gene, OMIM and GeneCards databases. Then, protein-protein interactions (PPIs) of key genes were analyzed by STRING database. Compound-target-diseases network was constructed using Cytoscape software. The potential pathways were deter?mined by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses. Additionally, molecular docking was used to verify the binding effect between the active component and the target. RESULTS A total of 33 components and 192 corresponding targets in Hippophae Fructus were found. 50 genes were obtained from the intersection of component targets and disease targets. These genes include IL-6, TNF, MAPK8 and PTGS2, which regu?late several pathways associated with COVID-19, involving Hepatitis B, Influenza A, TNF signaling pathway and Tuber?culosis. More importantly, high-node compounds such as quercetin and beta-sitosterol can well bind to key targets. CONCLUSION Some components in Hippophae Fructus can act on COVID-19 related genes and regulate multiple pathways. Perhaps Hippophae Fructus has the effect in treating COVID-19.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909580

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE The specificity of drug therapy in individuals and races has promoted the development and improvement of pharmacogenomics and precision medicine. While there is a few cognition on the minorities in China, especially in Lisu nationality from the Yunnan province. Therefore, we performed the research to improve the role of pharmacogenomics in the Lisu population from the Yunnan province of China. METHODS 54 variants of very important pharmacogenes selected from the PharmGKB database were genotyped in 199 unrelated and healthy Lisu adults from the Yunnan province of China, and then, genotyping data wtihχ2 test were analyzed. RESULTS We compared our data with those of other 26 populations from the 1000 Genomes Project, and acquired that the Lisu ethnicity is similar with the CDX (Chinese Dai in Xishuangbanna, China) and CHS (Southern Han Chinese, China). Furthermore, rs776746 (CYP3A5), rs1805123 (KCNH2), rs4291 (ACE), rs1051298 (SLC19A1) and rs1065852 (CYP2D6) were deemed as the most varying loci. The MAF of"G"at rs1805123 (KCNH2) in the Lisu population was the largest with the value of 51.0%. CONCLUSION There are significant differences in single nucleotide polymorphism loci, supplementing the phar?macogenomic information of the Lisu population in Yunnan province, China, and can provide a theoretical basis for indi?vidualized medication in the future.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of web problem-based learning (WPBL) + case-based learning (CBL) combined with clinical pathways in dermatological nursing teaching.Methods:A total of 120 nurses who practiced in the dermatology department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University from July 2018 to June 2020 were selected as the research objects. According to the nurse practice period, they were divided into a control group and a study group, with 60 people in each group. The control group used traditional teaching, and the study group used WPBL+CBL combined with clinical pathways for teaching. After the teaching, the two groups of practical nurses were assessed for their theoretical and clinical operational abilities, and the comprehensive abilities of the two groups of practical nurses and their satisfaction with teaching were assessed through questionnaire surveys. SPSS 22.0 was used for t test and χ2 test. Results:The theoretical and clinical performance assessment results of the study group were better than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). The research group was better than the control group in assessment of improving clinical operation ability, independent problem-solving ability, cultivating teamwork ability, improving self-learning ability, improving ability of presenting and analyzing problems, improving comprehensive analysis ability, cultivating clinical thinking ability and comprehensive ability, with statistical significance ( P<0.001). The satisfaction rate of the trainee nurses in the study group was 93.33%, and the satisfaction rate of the trainee nurses in the control group was 31.67%, with statistically significant differences. Conclusion:WPBL+CBL combined with clinical pathways teaching can significantly improve the theoretical and clinical operation ability of dermatology practice nurses, and improve their comprehensive ability and clinical teaching satisfaction rate, which is worthy of application and promotion in clinical nursing teaching.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908002

ABSTRACT

Colonic dysmotility is a common gastrointestinal motility disease in children, with the main manifestations of abdominal distension and constipation.Colonic manometry is currently considered as a standard diagnostic method for assessing colonic motility, which real-time measures intracolonic pressure and the shape and coordination of colonic muscle pressure waves at rest and stimulating states and thus qualitatively and quantitatively assess the colonic movement.Recently, high-resolution colonic manometry has been rapidly developed into a major technique for obtaining more effective information involved in the physiology and/or pathophysiology of colonic contractile activity in colonic dysmotility patients.This review focuses on the development of colonic manometry and its clinical application in children with colonic dysmotility.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the therapeutic effect of Bushen-Yijing-Tiansui Decoction combined with levoclodipine besylate in the treatment of senile hypertension. Methods:A total of 150 elderly hypertensive patients admitted in our hospital from January 2019 to February 2020 were randomly divided into 2 groups by a random number table method, with 75 in each. Both groups were given basic symptomatic treatment of other comorbidities and concurrent health education. The control group received oral amlodipine besylate tablets, and the observation group received Bushen-Yijing-Tiansui Decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The TCM syndromes were scored before and after treatment, manometer was used to measure blood pressure and heart rate, the serum ET-1 level was detected by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), and the nitrate reductase method was used to detect serum NO levels, and adverse events occurred during treatment in the two groups were recorded. Results:The total effective rate of the observation group was 88.0% (66/75), and the control group was 73.3% (55/75), and the comparison difference in 2 groups was statistically significant ( χ2 =5.172, P=0.022). After treatment, the symptom scores of pain, palpitations, constipation, insomina, sore feeling on back and legs of the observation group were signigicantly lower than those in the control group ( t value were 5.814, 10.397, 12.094, 7.019, 6.121, all Ps<0.001). After treatment, heart rate [(79.60 ± 4.80) times/min vs. (84.30 ± 5.40) times/min, t=5.634], SBP [(144.8 ± 7.90) mmHg vs. (150.60 ± 7.90) mmHg, t=4.729], DBP [(78.80 ± 8.20) mmHg vs. (85.20 ± 9.10) mmHg, t=4.525] of the observation group were signigicantly lower than those of the control group ( P<0.01). After treatment, the serum ET-1 [(179.25 ± 30.45) μmol/L vs. (190.83 ± 30.89) μmol/L, t=2.312] of the observation group was signigicantly lower than that of the control group ( P<0.05), NO [(58.51 ± 8.78) μmol/L vs. (54.12 ± 9.03) μmol/L, t=3.019] of the observation group was signigicantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05). During treatment, the incidence of adverse events in the control group was 4.0% (3/75), and the observation group was 1.3% (1/75), and the two groups had no significant difference ( χ2 =1.027, P=0.311). Conclusion:Bushen-Yijing-Tiansui Decoction combined with levoclodipine besylate in the treatment of senile hypertension can relieve the clinical symptoms and blood pressure of patients, improve the function of vascular endothelial cells.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of total flavonoids from Baeckea frutescens on the proliferation, migration, invasion, apoptosis and cell morphology changes of cervical cancer SiHa cells.Methods:Cervical cancer SiHa cells were treated with different concentrations of total flavonoids from Baeckea frutescens. CCK8 method was used to detect the proliferation and 50% inhibiting concentration (IC 50) of SiHa cells in vitro. The control group without drug treatment and the experimental group with drug concentration IC 50 were set. Transwell migration and invasion experiments were used to detect the changes of cell migration and invasion ability in vitro in the experimental group and the control group. Laser scanning confocal microscope was adopted for observing the morphological changes of apoptosis in the experimental group and the control group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rates of the experimental group and the control group. Results:Total flavonoids from Baeckea frutescens inhibited the proliferation of cervical cancer SiHa cells in a concentration-dependent manner. After 48 hours of action, the IC 50 value was 110.8 mg/L. In the migration experiment, the number of transmembrane cells in the control group was 644.00±10.54 and the number of transmembrane cells in the experimental group was 266.00±5.57, with a statistically significant difference ( t=54.942, P<0.001). In the invasion experiment, the number of transmembrane cells in the control group was 298.00±14.36, and the number of transmembrane cells in the experimental group was 85.00±8.62, with a statistically significant difference ( t=38.247, P<0.001). Laser scanning confocal microscope observation showed that in the experimental group, the cell membrane crumpled and lost its original morphology, and the nucleus showed typical apoptotic morphologies such as fragments of different sizes and irregular shapes, and nuclear edge aggregation; but no apoptotic cells were observed in the control group. Flow cytometry showed that the apoptosis rate in the control group was (2.95±1.36)%, and the apoptosis rate in the experimental group was (27.54±1.94)%, with a statistically significant difference ( t=-17.949, P<0.001). Conclusion:Total flavonoids from Baeckea frutescens have obvious inhibitory effects on the proliferation, migration and invasion of cervical cancer SiHa cells cultured in vitro, and promote their apoptosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the regulatory effect of modified Liu Junzitang on the immune function, nutritional status and intestinal microecology in advanced gastric cancer patients with syndrome of deficiency of Qi and blood. Method:The 86 advanced gastric cancer patients with syndrome of deficiency of Qi and blood were randomly divided into control group and observation group according to their admission numbers, with 43 cases in each group. The control group was given Yiqi Yangxue oral liquid on the basis of basic treatment while the observation group was given modified Liu Junzitang. After 4 weeks, compare the clinical efficacy of two groups of patients, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, gastrointestinal function recovery, adverse reaction and quality of life, immune function, T cell subsets CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>, C<sub>3</sub> and C<sub>4</sub> levels, immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), nutritional status: albumin (propagated), prealbumin (PA), serum total protein (TP) and hemoglobin (Hb) content changes, the intestinal micro ecology: <italic>Bifidobacterium</italic>, <italic>Lactobacillus</italic>, <italic>Enterococcus aureus</italic>, <italic>Escherichia coli</italic> content changes. Result:The total effective rate of the observation group was 95.35% (41/43), which was significantly higher than 79.07% (34/43) of the control group (<italic>χ<sup>2</sup></italic>=5.108,<italic>P</italic><0.05), after treatment, the TCM syndromes such as dizziness, pale complexion, palpitation, shortness of breath and fatigue in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the bowel sound recovery, exhaust and defecation time of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the quality of life scores in the observation group, such as the nature-to-human correspondence, form and spirit integration, specific modules, functional areas, and overall health score, were significantly higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup>, C<sub>3</sub>, C<sub>4</sub>, IgA, immune function indexes such as IgG and IgM were significantly higher than those of the control group, and the CD8<sup>+</sup> level was lower than which of control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the nutritional status levels such as Alb, PA, TP and Hb in the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), <italic>Bifidobacterium</italic>, <italic>Lactobacillus</italic>, and <italic>E. faecalis </italic>in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, and <italic>E. coli</italic> was lower than the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the adverse reaction rate of the observation group was 11.63% (5/43) and the control group was 16.28% (7/43) , and there was no statistical difference between two groups. Conclusion:Modified Liu Junzitang has a good clinical effect on advanced gastric cancer patients with syndrome of deficiency of Qi and blood. It can improve TCM syndromes and gastrointestinal function, improve quality of life, and its mechanism is related to improving immune function, enhancing nutritional status, and improving intestinal microecology, and it has good safety.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of quadriceps femoris spasticity on the movement parameters in stroke patients during obstacle crossing. Methods:From October, 2017 to November, 2018, 20 stroke patients were divided into spasticity group (n = 11) and non-spasticity group (n = 9) based on the score of modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) of quadriceps femoris. A 10-camera 3D motion analysis system and two force plates were used to synchronously measure the movement parameters of the patients during obstacle crossing of 15 cm high, such as step length, step width, anterior-posterior velocity of the center of mass (COMAPV) and medio-lateral velocity of the center of mass, toe-obstacle distance of unaffected limb, toe-obstacle clearance of affected limb, heel-obstacle distance, double support phase, and the swing phases of affected and unaffected limb. Results:Compared with the non-spasticity group, the COMAPV decreased as both affected and unaffected limb above the obstacle in the spasticity group (F > 10.006, P < 0.01), as well as the toe-obstacle distance and step length before obstacle crossing (F > 13.456, P < 0.01); while, the double support phase and the step width after obstacle crossing increased (F > 4.533, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The quadriceps femoris spasticity may make the strategy of obstacle crossing more carefully for stroke patients, and less efficiently.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the theory and methods of integrating sports into modern health service systems. Methods:Based on the theory of World Health Organization modern health service systems and the policy guideline Rehabilitation in Health Service Systems, we analyzed how to promote the integration of sports into modern health service systems in six areas: leadership and governance capacity, financing, health human resources, service delivery, medical technology and health information systems, systematically analyzed the key elements and requirements for integrating physical education and sports into the health service system in the four segments of the health service continuum: prevention, intervention, rehabilitation and health promotion. Results:The goal of building a human-centered, cross-sectoral and multidisciplinary health service system was proposed, requiring the promotion of the integration of medicine and sports, the use of sports intervention as a method of health intervention, the development of service technologies and standards for the integration of sports and health; the training of professionals who master sports intervention and sports rehabilitation, and the development of information systems to promote the development of the integration of sports and health services. Conclusion:Sports is an important mean of health and an important part of modern health services. Starting from the components of the health service system, we can build a theoretical and methodological system for integrating sports into the modern health service system, so as to promote the realization of a health service system covering the whole population and the whole life cycle, achieve the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goal 3: ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages; and realize the goals related to "Healthy China".

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3508-3526, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922811

ABSTRACT

@#Given the opposing effects of Akt and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) on metabolic homeostasis, this study examined the effects of deletion of Akt2 and AMPKα2 on fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis. Akt2–Ampkα2 double knockout (DKO) mice were placed on high fat diet for 5 months. Glucose metabolism, energy homeostasis, cardiac function, lipid accumulation, and hepatic steatosis were examined. DKO mice were lean without anthropometric defects. High fat intake led to adiposity and decreased respiratory exchange ratio (RER) in wild-type (WT) mice, which were ablated in DKO but not Akt2−/− and Ampkα2−/− mice. High fat intake increased blood and hepatic triglycerides and cholesterol, promoted hepatic steatosis and injury in WT mice. These effects were eliminated in DKO but not Akt2−/− and Ampkα2−/− mice. Fat diet promoted fat accumulation, and enlarged adipocyte size, the effect was negated in DKO mice. Fat intake elevated fatty acid synthase (FAS), carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein (CHREBP), sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα), PPARγ, stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD-1), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase), and diglyceride O-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1), the effect was absent in DKO but not Akt2−/− and Ampkα2−/− mice. Fat diet dampened mitophagy, promoted inflammation and phosphorylation of forkhead box protein O1 (FoxO1) and AMPKα1 (Ser485), the effects were eradicated by DKO. Deletion of Parkin effectively nullified DKO-induced metabolic benefits against high fat intake. Liver samples from obese humans displayed lowered microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3B (LC3B), Pink1, Parkin, as well as enhanced phosphorylation of Akt, AMPK (Ser485), and FoxO1, which were consolidated by RNA sequencing (RNAseq) and mass spectrometry analyses from rodent and human livers. These data suggest that concurrent deletion of Akt2 and AMPKα2 offers resilience to fat diet-induced obesity and hepatic steatosis, possibly through preservation of Parkin-mediated mitophagy and lipid metabolism.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922760

ABSTRACT

Danshen-Chuanxiongqin Injection (DCI) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cerebral ischemic stroke in China. However, its underlying mechanisms remain completely understood. The current study was designed to explore the protective mechanisms of DCI against cerebral ischemic stroke through integrating whole-transcriptome sequencing coupled with network pharmacology analysis. First, using a mouse model of cerebral ischemic stroke by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO), we found that DCI (4.10 mL·kg


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/genetics , Ischemic Stroke , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Stroke/genetics , Toll-Like Receptor 2 , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1029-1035, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) with the involvement of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca@*METHODS@#Thirty SPF-ranked SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, an EA group, an aconitine group and an EA plus aconitine group, with 6 rats in each group. The rat model of acute heart failure was established by infusion of high-dose propranolol hydrochloride solution into the right femoral vein. After stabilized for 10 min in the modeled rats, EA was exerted at "Neiguan" (PC 6), with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency, 3 mA in intensity, for 30 min in the EA group and the EA plus aconitine group; aconitine solution (10 μg/kg) was injected from the left femoral veins in the rats in the aconitine group and the EA plus aconitine group. Hemodynamic indexes such as the left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) and the maximum rate of increase/decrease of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dt@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, LVSP and ±dp/dt@*CONCLUSION@#The intervention with electroacupuncture achieves the synergism/ attenuation effect of aconitine for the improvements in heart failure probably by up-regulating the expression of SERCA2a and down-regulating the expression of PLB in myocardial tissue.


Subject(s)
Aconitine , Animals , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Electroacupuncture , Heart Failure/therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920746

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of imported cases with Plasmodium ovale infections in Jiangsu Province from 2012 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the development of the imported malaria control strategy in the province. Methods All data pertaining to cases with definitive diagnosis of P. ovale malaria in Jiangsu Province from 2012 to 2020 were captured from the National Notifiable Disease Report System and the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control in China, including the date of going abroad and returning to China, time of malaria infections overseas, date of malaria onset, initial diagnosis and definitive diagnosis. All data pertaining to epidemic status were descriptively analyzed. Results A total of 347 cases of P. ovale malaria were reported in Jiangsu Province from 2012 to 2020, with the highest number seen in 2015 (71 cases). All cases were laboratory-confirmed overseas imported malaria cases, accounting for 14.32% of all reported malaria cases in Jiangsu Province during the period from 2012 to 2020. The 5 cities with the highest number of imported P. ovale malaria cases included Lianyungang City (53 cases, 15.27%), Nantong City (44 cases, 12.68%), Huai’an (44 cases, 12.68%), Taizhou City (44 cases, 12.68%) and Yangzhou City (36 cases, 10.37%). The highest number of imported P. ovale malaria cases was reported in October (39 cases, 11.24%), and the lowest number was seen in December (21 cases, 6.05%). P. ovale infections mainly occurred in were Equatorial Guinea (97 cases, 37.95%), Angola (60 cases, 17.29%) and Nigeria (40 cases, 11.53%). The median duration between returning to China and malaria onset was 64 (144) days, and 7.49% (26/347) of all cases developed malaria one year after returning to China. The initial diagnosis of P. ovale malaria was mainly made at county-level medical institutions (117 cases, 33.72%), and the definitive diagnosis was mainly made at city-level medical institutions (122 cases, 35.16%). The correct rate of initial diagnosis of P. ovale malaria increased from 0 in 2012 to 78.26% in 2020, appearing a tendency towards a rise year by year (χ2 = 50.90, P < 0.01). Conclusions Imported P. ovale malaria cases were reported in Jiangsu Province each year from 2012 to 2020, and P. ovale infections predominantly occurred in Africa. Initial and definitive diagnoses of P. ovale malaria were mainly made at city- and county-level medical institutions. Training on the detection ability of malaria parasites is recommended among grassroots microscopists to improve the diagnostic ability of P. ovale malaria, and consolidate the achievements of malaria elimination in Jiangsu Province.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919300

ABSTRACT

Human sparganosis is a food-borne parasitic disease caused by the plerocercoids of Spirometra species. Clinical diagnosis of sparganosis is crucial for effective treatment, thus it is important to identify sensitive and specific antigens of plerocercoids. The aim of the current study was to identify and characterize the immunogenic proteins of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei plerocercoids that were recognized by patient sera. Crude soluble extract of the plerocercoids were separated using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with immunoblot and mass spectrometry analysis. Based on immunoblotting patterns and mass spectrometry results, 8 antigenic proteins were identified from the plerocercoid. Among the proteins, cysteine protease protein might be developed as an antigen for diagnosis of sparganosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912840

ABSTRACT

Systematic and scientific training for all employees is an important means to improve the medical quality and service level of general hospitals. The authors′ hospital established a staff training university in 2012, built an integrated training management platform, and explored the combination of online and offline training for all its staff. Guided by the hospital′s development goals and service objectives, professional courses and comprehensive courses were set. Each specialty sets the course content and credit requirements according to the level of staffs, and dynamically adjusts the course setting according to the needs and training effect evaluation. This training mode ensured the effective implementation of in-hospital training, and the credit qualification rate of staffs had increased from 29.31% in 2012 to 85.37% in 2020; Improved the pertinence, timeliness and practicability of training; It enriched the training resources, broke the time and space constraints of training, and eliminated the contradiction between work and study.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912629

ABSTRACT

Objective:By building a COVID-19 related scientific research progress monitoring system, to mitigate the information needs of different stakeholders such as government decision-makers, enterprises and scientific research institutions, provide reference for global scientific research progress monitoring for possible public health emergencies in the future.Methods:Literature review and expert consultation were adopted to systematically sort out the data sources of journal papers, preprints and other scientific papers, formed their respective monitoring catalogs and determined the tracking path.Results:COVID-19-related papers mainly include journal papers and preprints. The data source monitoring range of journal papers includes the official websites of top journals in biomedical and natural sciences, the database Web of Science and Science Direct, and the monitoring scope of the preprint platform includes medRxiv, bioRxiv, and SSRN, etc. In addition, the virological websites virological and nextstrain should also be monitored.Conclusions:COVID-19-related scientific research progress monitoring system can be used for daily monitoring to provide support for decision-making and deployment of prevention and control work.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 851-855, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical efficacy of narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) irradiation around vitiliginous lesions in the treatment of refractory vitiligo.Methods:A total of 126 patients with refractory vitiligo were retrospectively collected from Department of Dermatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from June 2019 to November 2020. The patients were treated with NB-UVB irradiation around vitiliginous lesions after partial covering (perilesional irradiation group) , or conventional NB-UVB irradiation (conventional irradiation group) , twice a week for 3 consecutive months. After the treatment, the efficacy was evaluated. By using the propensity score method, the lesions in the 2 groups were matched at a ratio of 1∶1. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses and stratified analysis were used to analyze the clinical efficacy of NB-UVB irradiation around vitiliginous lesions in the treatment of refractory vitiligo.Results:Totally, there were 420 skin lesions in the perilesional irradiation group and 257 in the conventional irradiation group, and 190 lesions were enrolled into each group by propensity-score matching. Before and after the matching, the response rates were both significantly higher in the perilesional irradiation group (71.9%, 67.9%, respectively) than in the conventional irradiation group (31.9%, 30.0%, respectively, both P < 0.05) . After the propensity-score matching, both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses showed significant differences in the efficacy between the perilesional irradiation group and conventional irradiation group ( OR = 4.9, 95% CI: 3.2, 7.6, P < 0.001; OR = 12.0, 95% CI: 6.5, 22.3, P < 0.001, respectively) . Vitiliginous lesions were classified according to hair types and irradiation methods: before the matching, there were 187 vitiliginous lesions with white hairs treated with the conventional irradiation and 246 treated with the perilesional irradiation, and there were 70 vitiliginous lesions with black hairs treated with the conventional irradiation and 174 treated with the perilesional irradiation; after the matching, 140 vitiliginous lesions with white hairs and 50 with black hairs were enrolled into each radiation group. Stratified analysis showed that the response rates of vitiliginous lesions with white hairs were significantly higher in the perilesional irradiation group (77.6%, 72.8%, respectively) than in the conventional irradiation group before and after the matching (19.3%, 20.7%, respectively, both P < 0.01) ; for the vitiliginous lesions with black hairs, there was no significant difference in the response rate between the 2 groups ( P = 0.908) . Conclusion:The efficacy of NB-UVB irradiation around vitiliginous lesions is superior to the conventional irradiation in the treatment of refractory vitiligo, especially vitiliginous lesions with white hairs.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911227

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the pharmacokinetics of sugammadex in reversal of postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade in obese patients.Methods:Sixteen patients of both sexes, aged 18-65 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠ or Ⅱ, with body mass index of ≥25 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective laparoscopic bariatric surgery, were selected.The patients were divided into 2 groups ( n=8 each) according to the degree of obesity: group O (25 kg/m 2≤BMI<40 kg/m 2) and group M (BMI≥40 kg/m 2). In group O and group M, vecuronium was administered by closed-loop muscle relaxant injection system to maintain moderate neuromuscular blockade.The administration was stopped at the end of surgery, and sugammadex 2 mg/kg was injected according to corrected body weight (CBW) of patients when the muscle relaxation monitoring T 2 recovered naturally.The recovery time of neuromuscular blockade and the occurrence of residual neuromuscular blockade within 3 h after surgery were recorded.Arterial blood samples were collected at 2, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 60, 120, 240, 360 and 480 min after administration of sugammadex.The concentration of sugammadex in plasma was determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated with PKSolver software. Results:No residual neuromuscular blockade occurred, and the pharmacokinetics of sugammadex in plasma were consistent with the linear non-compartmental model in the two groups.Compared with group O, apparent clearance was increased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in other pharmacokinetic parameters, recovery time of neuromuscular blockade and concentrations of sugammadex in plasma at different time point ( P>0.05) in group M. Conclusion:The pharmacokinetics of sugammadex in reversal of postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade in obese patients are consistent with the linear non-compartmental model, and the clearance of sugammadex is higher in morbidly obese patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL