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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921808

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and Bioinformatics Analysis Tool for Molecular Mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicine(BATMAN-TCM) were searched for the effective components and targets of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction. The relevant targets for endometriosis(EMT) and dysmenorrhea were retrieved from the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database(CTD), Therapeutic Target Database(TTD), GeneCards, and DisGeNET with the terms of "endometriosis" and "dysmenorrhea". Cytoscape 3.8.0 was employed to construct the drug-active component-therapeutic target network. A protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was established by STRING 11.0. Analyze Network, the plug-in in the Cytoscape 3.8.0, was used to calculate the topological parameters of the nodes and screen out the critical proteins in the network. The potential therapeutic targets were imported into RStudio and subjected to Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses with clusterProfiler package. Finally, the AutoDock Vina(Vina) platform was used for molecular docking to predict the binding degree of the main active components of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction to key targets. As revealed by the screening results, 136 active components and 380 targets of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction were obtained. Additionally, there were 1 627 targets related to EMT and 142 targets related to dysmenorrhea with 107 common targets, and 42 potential therapeutic targets of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction for the treatment of EMT-induced dysmenorrhea. The targets such as interleukin 6(IL6) and prostaglandi-nendoperoxide synthase-2(PTGS2) were pivotal in the biological network of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction intervention in EMT-induced dysmenorrhea, which involved multiple signaling pathways, including inflammation, hormones, and those promoted cell proliferation [e.g., mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase(PI3 K)-protein kinase B(AKT)]. The results of molecular docking showed that the active components of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction had good binding capacities to key targets such as IL6 and PTGS2. The findings of this study demonstrated that Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction could treat EMT-induced dysmenorrhea through multiple targets and multiple pathways, which could provide new ideas for investigating the underlying mechanism of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction in the treatment of EMT-induced dysmenorrhea.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea/genetics , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E811-E817, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904476

ABSTRACT

Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are the products of non-enzymatic reactions between free amino groups of macromolecules and reducing sugars. AGEs accumulation in bone tissues changes the activity and function of bone cells by binding to their surface receptors, causing abnormalities in the process of bone remodeling. AGEs accumulation can also change the original structure and mineral deposition of bone collagen, affect the micro-mechanical properties of bone tissues, and further reduce bone strength and toughness, increase the bone fracture risk, which will lead to bone diseases and do great harm to human health. This article summarized the causes of AGEs and their detection methods, and reviewed previous studies about the effects of AGEs accumulation on bone biomechanics at micro and macro levels, so as to provide references for the early diagnosis and treatment of bone diseases in clinic.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 144-146, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884974

ABSTRACT

By summarizing and analyzing the clinical diagnosis and treatment experience of 17 cases of adrenal lymphangioma, the imaging characteristics and pathological types of the disease were discussed. The results showed that the imaging of adrenal lymphangioma was non-specific, and the appearance was similar to that of general cysts.Howerer, the density of the cyst was slightly higher than that of simple cysts. Some cases showed calcification on the cyst wall, and a few showed adenoma-like appearance. The diagnosis mainly depends on pathological examination. For those patients with tumors ≥4.0 cm, endocrine function, suspected malignancy, or obvious clinical symptoms, surgery is recommended.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865292

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference in the proliferation, migration and ultraviolet radiation effect between double-head and unilateral pterygium fibroblasts (HPFs) cultured in vitro. Methods:Pterygium tissue was obtained from patients who underwent pterygium excision with conjunctival transposition from March 2017 to March 2018 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University.Nineteen cases with bilateral pterygium and 19 cases with unilateral pterygium were selected for this research.Twelve cases of normal conjunctival tissue were obtained from donor eyes.The fibroblasts were divided into HPFs-nasal (HPFs-N), HPFs-temporal (HPFs-T), unilateral HPFs and human conjunctiva fibroblasts (HCFs), which was taken from the nasal side of the bilateral pterygium, the temporal side of the bilateral pterygium, the unilateral pterygium and the normal conjunctiva, respectively.Human pterygium and normal conjunctival fibroblasts were isolated and cultured by tissue culture method.The fibroblasts were divided into an ultraviolet irradiation group and a normal light illumination group.The cell growth curve was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay.The cell scratch healing rate was detected by the cell scratch test after 48 hours.The expression of α-smooth muscle actin αwas detected by immunofluorescence staining, and the number of positive cells in each group was compared.The fibroblasts cultured in vitro were irradiated with ultraviolet irradiation, and the cell scratch healing rate, growth curve and expression of α-SMA were observed.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University.Written informed consent was obtained from each subject. Results:The pterygium and conjunctival fibroblasts were spindle shaped, and the growth rate was gradually increased from day 1 to day 7.The growth rate of HPFs-N was the fastest, and the growth rate of HCFs was the slowest.The growth rate of the four types of fibroblasts was significantly increased after exposure to ultraviolet.There were significant differences in the cell scratch healing rates and α-SMA positive cell expression rates among the four fibroblast types under different lighting conditions ( Fgroup=158.064, P<0.05; Fcell type=326.582, P<0.05. Fgroup=4.731, P<0.05; Fcell type=172.813, P<0.05), of which the scratches healing rate in the HPFs-N cells after 48 hours under the normal light conditions was (79.67±0.86)%, which was significantly higher than HPFs-T ([54.04±0.33]%), unilateral HPFs ([64.12±0.21]%) and HCFs ([58.86±0.41]%), the α-SMA positive cell expression rate in the HPFs-N cells after 48 hours under the normal light conditions was (28.87±1.02)%, which was significantly higher than that in HPFs-T ([13.67±0.23]%), unilateral HPFs ([20.35±1.72]%) and HCFs ([5.12±0.45]%) (all at P<0.05); the cell scratch healing rates and α-SMA positive cell expression rates were significantly increased in the ultraviolet irradiation group than those in the normal light illumination group (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:The nasal side of double-head pterygium fibroblasts is more proliferous and more migratory than that of the unilateral pterygium, the expression of α-SMA is also increased, which can be further enhanced by ultraviolet irradiation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862715

ABSTRACT

Zhenwutang is the classic formula of Wenyang Lishui in " <italic>Treatise on Febrile Diseases</italic>" . It consists of five kinds of medicines, namely Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Poria, Paeoniae Radix Alba or Paeoniae Radix Rubra. It has been included in the <italic>Catalogue of Ancient Classics</italic> (<italic>The First Batch</italic>) issued by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2018.There are two articles in the " <italic>Treatise on Febrile Disease</italic>s" about the syndromes of Zhenwutang. On the basis of Article 82 of the Chapter of Taiyang disease, the Taiyang disease is demonstrated by sweating, but after that the patient still suffers from fever, epigastric throb, dizziness and shiver, this shall be treated with Zhenwutang. According to Article 316 of the chapter of Shaoyin disease, Shaoyin disease lasts for two or three days, until the fourth and fifth days, and is demonstrated by abdominal pain, difficult urination, severe pain in the limbs and diarrhea, the patient have a cough, diuresis, diarrhea and vomit, this shall be treated with Zhenwutang. The original texts discuss the basic pathogenesis is edema syndrome due to Yin and Yang deficiency, with symptoms of unfavorable urination, heavy limbs or edema, pale tongue, white moss and heavy pulse as dialectical points. In terms of the compatibility of prescriptions, usage and dosage, and the interpretation of prescriptions, this paper examines Zhenwutang syndromes in " Treatise on Febrilediseases" , summarizes the material basic research of Zhenwutang, and provides the basis for the quality control of its compound pharmacodynamics. This study summarizes the progress of pharmacological research for Zhenwutang in recent years, finds that Zhenwutang has many efficacies, such as cardiotonic, diuretic, lowering lipid, anti-oxidation, improving renal function and balancing of water and liquid metabolism, lists traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndromes treated with Zhenwutang, such as heart palpitations, edema, cough, abdominal pain, sipping, dizziness, and Western medicine diseases, like congestive heart failure, pulmonary heart disease, bronchial asthma, chronic colitis, cirrhosis, ascites, chronic glomerulonephritis, chronic renal failure, benign prostatic hyperplasia and Meniere's syndrome, expounds the principle of Zhenwutang for " treating different diseases with the same therapy" , in order to provide useful reference for the research and development and clinical application of Zhenwutang and more classic prescriptions.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873268

ABSTRACT

The safety of traditional Chinese medicine is affected by many factors, and the influence of exogenous harmful substances has been concerned and become a hot spot in recent years, especially heavy metals, pesticide residues and some other harmful substances. In order to explore the effects of non-soil and non-pesticide treatment on residues of these two harmful substances, the heavy metals and agricultural residues of Lilii Bulbus were detected, and the correlation of the data was analyzed. In this experiment, heavy metals and pesticide residues of Scrophulariae Radix were detected, and correlation analysis was conducted for their data. The mechanism of transport phase was interpreted with statistical moment similarity tool of total fingerprint by supramolecular chemistry theory. A large number of experimental data in this paper showed that heavy metals and pesticide contents in Lilii Bulbus basaltifolia had a positive correlation, which was closely related to supramolecular phenomena. Moreover, the similarity of fingerprints between Lilii Bulbus and Scrophulariae Radix suggested that Lilii Bulbus and Scrophulariae Radixa had a high selectivity in absorption of agricultural residues, which proved that the absorption of pesticides in Lilii Bulbus and Scrophulariae Radix from different habitats had the function of supramolecular imprinting template. It was considered that medicinal plant was a giant complex supramolecule with various levels of " imprinted template" . Heavy metals and agricultural residues were also involved in plant growth, forming an " imprinted template" for the formation of supramolecules between agricultural residues and heavy metals. After heavy metals and agricultural residues formed supramolecules, their liposolubility and permeability changed in varying degrees, and their transport in medicinal plants was promoted. Finally, the heavy metal supramolecules of pesticides were absorbed, distributed, aggregated and accumulated in plants. The purpose of the study was to reveal the mechanism of heavy metal and pesticide supramolecule transport, provide a new direction for the treatment of heavy metals and pesticide residues, and ensure the safety of traditional Chinese medicine.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801825

ABSTRACT

Objective: Based on the analysis of the total components of fingerprint and the determination methods of the existing components in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the "point-line-surface" quality standard of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang was established by the "point" of each single component (morroniside, loganin, paeoniflorin, ferulic acid and verbascoside) to the "line" of multicomponent and the "face" of fingerprint of the whole component. Method: XB-C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) was used for gradient elution of 0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile. The column temperature was 30℃, the injection volume was 10 μL, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, and the detection wavelengths were 240, 316, 230, 334 nm. The contents of these five components in Yangjing Zhongyu Tang were determined by three correction methods, external standard method and regression equation method. At the same time, the fingerprint of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang were analyzed by total component analysis and similarity evaluation. Result: With ferulic acid as reference, the relative correction factor (f) of morroniside, loganin, paeoniflorin and verbascoside were 0.392 1, 0.421 4, 0.261 7, 0.268 6 by multi-point correction method, and their f (slope correction method) were 0.385 4, 0.419 4, 0.255 9, 0.274 0, respectively. Twenty characteristic peaks of fingerprint were analyzed and the similarity was ≥ 0.999.There was no significant difference in the contents of these five components from Yangjing Zhongyu Tang determined by the quantitative assay of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS) correction method, the external standard method and the regression equation method. Conclusion: The comprehensive quality standard established by the total component analysis of fingerprint combined with various determination methods of existing components in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia has been validated in famous classical formula of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang, which can provide ideas and methods for the quality control with quantitative determination and fingerprint of other famous classical formulas.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801786

ABSTRACT

Yangjing Zhongyu Tang, from FU Qing-zhu Nvke, is a famous classical formula of clinical value for treating blood deficiency syndrome of female infertility in the Qing dynasty. The prescription seems plain, but it is rigorous and effective with high research value. In this paper, the ancient books and modern documents of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang were analyzed from the aspects of traceability of Chinese materia medica in the formula, pharmacological research, clinical research, etc. It could be concluded that the pharmacological studies of this formula were mostly to investigate the mechanism and efficacy of its treatment for infertility, but there was a lack of comprehensive interpretation of the structure, function and principle of pharmacodynamic substance in this formula. In this paper, combined with the contents of supramolecular imprinting template and network pharmacology, the new direction of pharmacological research of Chinese medicine compound was put forward. Quality control of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang mostly based on small molecule compounds, so it was suggested to break the inherent thinking, and increase the detection of macromolecule compounds and supramolecular of Chinese materia medica. The druggability of this formula involved in the preliminary study of decoctions, plasters and granules. Considering the quality stability of Chinese materia medica in the formula and the scientificity of druggability of this formula, the compatibility principle of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and modern supramolecular chemistry theory could be combined to study the change law of druggability of TCM before and after compatibility, so as to provide new reference materials for the follow-up clinical application and development of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850889

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a new method for the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS) to simultaneous determine six naphthoquinone components in Arnebia euchroma. Methods: The chromatographic peaks of the main naphthoquinone components in A. euchroma were identified by high resolution LC-MS. The acetyl Shikonin was used as internal marker to calculate the relative correlation factors (RCF) of deoxyshikonin, isobutyrylshikonin, β-acetoxyisovalerate shikonin, and β,β'-dimethylacryloyl shikonin by HPLC, and examine the durability and reproducibility of the RCF. The external standard method and QAMS were compared to determine the six components in A. euchroma. Results: The repeatability of RCF was good. The results calculated with QAMS were consistent with the results by the external standard method. Conclusion: The QAMS method for simultaneously measuring the content of six components is accurate and reliable to evaluate the quality of A. euchroma.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the data of non-invasive prenatal testing based on specific loci of circulating cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA). METHODS Selected loci of target chromosomes were analyzed by sequence capture and sequencing. Meanwhile, 600 loci were selected from other chromosomes for determining the concentration of cffDNA. RESULTS A total of 768 specific loci were captured on chromosomes 21 and 18, and used to determine whether the two were abnormal. When the minimum concentration of detected cffDNA was set at 3% and the threshold of Z score was set to [-6,6], the specificity of the analysis was 99.37% and the sensitivity was 100%. CONCLUSION A reliable, convenient and low-cost analytical method has been developed. The method requires less sequencing data for non-invasive prenatal testing, and can accurately detect abnormalities of fetal chromosomes 21 and 18, and simultaneously determine the concentration of cffDNA.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 757-760, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the quality standard for Compound Lavandula angustifolia ointment. METHODS:TLC was used for the qualitative identification of ethanol extract from Scutellaria baicalensis and volatile oil of L. angustifolia. GC method was used for qualitative identification of dementholized peppermint oil. GC method was used to determine the content of menthol. The determination was performed on Agilent DB-WAX capillary column,with temperature programming. The injector temperature was 250℃,and the temperature of detector was 250℃.The injection volume was 1 μL and the split ratio was 5:1 by split sampling. RESULTS:TLC spots of ethanol extract of S. baicalensis and volatile oil of L. angustifolia were clear and well-repeated without interference from negative control. The chromatographic peaks in TLC of test samples of dementholized peppermint oil had same retention time as that of substance control.The linear range of menthol injection amount was 0.113 4-1.133 5μg (r=0.999 4). RSDs of precision,intra-day precision,stability and reproducibility tests were not higher than 2.0%. The recoveries were 95.40%-99.82%(RSD=1.61%,n=6). CONCLUSIONS:Established quality standard can be used for the quality control of Compound L.angustifolia ointment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701838

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the long-term efficacy and safety of topiramate in the treatment of symptomatic epilepsy in infants.Methods Fifty infants with symptomatic epilepsy were collected.The monotherapy was started with topiramate from April 2012 to April 2013,including 26 males and 24 females.The effective rate,retention rate and adverse effects after using the medication at 1 year,2 years,3 years,4 years were evaluated.Kaplan -Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to calculate the retention rate and analyze the risk factors for retention rate.Results From the beginning of using the medicine,the effective rate was 66.00% at 1 year,61.90% at 2 years,58.33% at 3 years,and 53.33% at 4 years,respectively.The rates of complete remission were 44.00%,42.86%,41.67%,36.67% at 1 year,2 years,3 years,4 years,respectively.The main adverse effects of topiramate were drowsiness,hypodynamia,weight loss,anepithymia,vomit,diarrhea,hypohidrosis,slowly thinking active,attention disorders,etc.The retention rate was 84.00% at 1 year,72.00% at 2 years,60.00% at 3 years,and 48.00% at 4 years.The main causes of stopping medication were lower curative effect of topiramate monotherapy and side effects.Conclusion Topiramate in the treatment of infants with symptomatic epilepsy has good effect and safety,with higher retention rate in a long-term follow-up.The major factors that affect the retention rate are lower curative effect and adverse reactions.Slowly add quantity and low dose treatment can reduce adverse drug reactions,improve compliance and increase retention rate.

13.
Journal of Clinical Surgery ; (12): 73-76, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694984

ABSTRACT

With the development of medical technology,the treatment of breast cancer has en-tered into a comprehensive treatment age which combines chemotherapy,radiotherapy,endocrine therapy and molecular targeting therapy from the time of local treatment. Neoadjuvant therapy has been widely ap-plied in clinic due to many advantages,such as lowering the primary breast tumor and axillary lymph node,improving breast conserving rate and predicting drug sensitivity. With the emergence of molecular typing of breast cancer,neoadjuvant therapy has changed from primary neoadjuvant chemotherapy to the comprehensive treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy,neoadjuvant endocrine therapy and neoadjuvant targeted therapy. Here is a review of the progress of neoadjuvant therapy,evaluation of curative effect,se-lection of operation mode and challenges of neoadjuvant therapy from different molecular typing of breast cancer.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692229

ABSTRACT

Nitrite has been widely used in industrial and agricultural production,and is commonly found in food,drinking water,biology sample and environment.However,nitrite is a toxic inorganic pollutant that is very harmful to the health of human.A variety of strategies have been proposed for nitrite detection in recent years.Electrochemical approaches have gained more and more attention owing to simplicity,rapidity,sensitivity,low cost,etc.The research progresses of nanocomposite material sensor for electrochemical detection of nitrite based on carbon material,metal material,metal organic frameworks,and conducting polymer and enzyme in recent years are introduced from the perspective of composite electrode modification layer.The construction approaches and sensing performances of modified electrode are put special emphasis.At last,future trends of nitrite electrochemical sensor are also discussed.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707062

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize extraction process of Qinhao Nasal Drops by multi-index comprehensive evaluation Method. Methods With L9(34) orthogonal design, the content of rupestonic acid, chlorogenic acid, pseudoephedrine hydrochloride, total flavonoids and extract yield were set as indexes, and extraction technology of Qinhao Nasal Drops was optimized.Results Optimum extraction technology was:12 times amount of 60% ethanol, extracted three times. Conclusion The optimized extraction technology is simple, practical, and adapt to the production needs, which can be used as the basis for reasonable development of the preparation.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1689-1693, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338879

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>General practitioner (GP) preceptors play an important role in the cultivation of GPs. Many problems exist in the training of GP preceptors. This study aimed to explore the willingness and training needs of GP preceptors and compare the differences between preceptors from general practice and other specialties.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 375 questionnaire forms were sent to 375 GP preceptors from 11 different provinces, and 344 completed forms were returned. The main outcome included general information, teaching motivations, and training needs of GP preceptors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The study showed that about 89.2% of GP preceptors were willing to be teachers. The majority of respondents strongly agreed that the motivation for becoming a GP supervisor was to learn from teaching. The most important capability they should master was clinical teaching (92.2%), followed by lecture (83.1%) and doctor-patient communication (83.1%). The top three preferred methods of GP preceptors training were case discussion (78.8%), workshop (57.6%), and classroom teaching (56.4%). The domains in which most GP preceptors wanted to acquire knowledge and skill were mental health (59.3%), rehabilitation (47.1%), pediatrics (41.0%), and obstetrics (37.5%). No significant differences were found in the willingness to train GPs (χ2 = 3.34, P > 0.05) and whether they would become or continue to become a GP supervisor after the training (χ2 = 1.106, P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although most preceptors were under on-the-job training, they were glad to train GPs. To be qualified, preceptors should be trained according to the actual needs of GP preceptors.</p>

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2224-2227, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the differences between artificially cultivated and wild Xinjiang Artemisia rupestris,and screen the different components. METHODS:HPLC-MS was adopted to establish the fingerprints of artificially cultivated and wild Xinjiang A. rupestris from different origin and harvest time. Principal component analysis was conducted by Marker ViewTM soft-ware and SIMCA-P 11.5 software,the characteristics of principal components were analyzed,difference variable was screened, and different components of artificially cultivated and wild varieties were obtained. RESULTS:Fingerprints of 22 batches of A. rup-estris(12 batches of wild varieties,10 batches of artificially cultivated varieties)were established. According to the principal com-ponent analysis,artificially cultivated and wild varieties were well grouped,with obvious differences;the principal components of artificially cultivated varieties with different harvest time showed certain difference,mainly before and after flowering,concentrat-ing in to-be flowering and full flowering periods. Wild varieties from different origins had obvious regional difference,showing cer-tain differences in composition and content. 268 variables were found in matrix of positive ion mode and 155 in negative ion mode. 28 groups of variables were extracted by difference variable,and 19 variables were determined. CONCLUSIONS:Artificially culti-vated and wild varieties have obvious difference in principal component,mainly in flowering period and picking places. It can pro-vide theoretical basis for the standardized cultivation and origin protection of Xinjiang A. rupestris.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3532-3535, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611010

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To conduct component analysis for the 40% ethanol eluate of Hyssopus officinalis,and investigate its improvement effect on inflammation in asthmatic mice. METHODS:The 40% ethanol eluate of polyamide resin column was col-lected,and HPLC-high resolution mass spectrometry was used for the component analysis of 40% ethanol eluate of H. officinalis. Totally 72 mice were randomly divided into blank group (normal saline),model group (normal saline),dexamethasone group (positive control,1.6 mg/kg) and 40% ethanol eluate of H. officinalis high-dose,medium-dose,low-dose groups (200,100,50 mg/kg),12 in each group. Except for normal group,mice in other groups were intraperitoneally injected 0.2 mL ovalbumin (OVA)for sensitization in 0,14 d and intragastrically administrated in 25-31 d,once a day. After administration,2 mg/mL OVA was dropped in nose for 7 d. After 24 h of last dropping in nose,tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α),interleukin-4(IL-4),interfer-on-γ(IFN-γ)levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF)were detected;pathological changes in lung tissue were observed. RE-SULTS:Totally 11 compounds were identified,the relative percentage content of 40.89%. The main components were rosmarinic acid,luteolin 7-O-β-D-rhamnoserhamnose (1→6)-α-D-pyran glucoside,hyperoside,etc. Compared with blank group,TNF-α, IL-4 levels in BALF in model group were increased,IFN-γ level was declined,and IL-4/IFN-γ ratio was enlarged(P<0.01);lung tissue was seriously damaged,there was infiltration of inflammatory cells around the blood vessels. Compared with model group, TNF-α,IL-4 levels in BALF in dexamethasone group,40% ethanol eluate of H. officinalis high-dose,medium-dose groups were declined,IFN-γ level was increased,and IL-4/IFN-γ ratio was reduced (P<0.01);pathological changes in lung tissue were improved. CONCLUSIONS:The established analysis method can effectively analysis the chemical components of 40% etha-nol eluate of H. officinalis,which has certain regulatory effect on releasing inflammatory factors and reducing inflammatory lesions in lung tissue of mice with bronchial asthma.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1364-1367, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515399

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for clarifying the pharmacodynamic material basis of anti-inflammation effect of Uygur medicine Hyssopus cuspidatus. METHODS:HPLC was conducted to establish the fingerprint of 8 extracts with different po-larities. Using macrophage RAW264.7 as object,the inhibitory effect of extracts with different polarities on inflammatory factor ni-tric oxide(NO),TNF-α and IL-6 in supernatant of cell culture medium was detected,the differences of anti-inflammatory activity in vitro were compared. Grey correlation analysis method was used to analyze the spectrum-effect relationship of peak area of common peaks and anti-inflammation activity. RESULTS:The fingerprint of 8 extracts with different polarities showed obvious differences. Anti-inflammation in vitro results suggested that 30% ethanol extract had the strongest inhibitory effect on inflammatory cytokines in vitro. There were 14 common peaks in the established HPLC fingerprints,the 5 common peaks that was closely related to the in-hibitory effect of inflammatory factors in vitro were peak 8,6,5,10,13,respectively;peak 8 was rosmarinic acid. CONCLUSIONS:The established fingerprint and its spectrum-effect relationship with anti-inflammation activity in vitro can provide certain reference for its pharmacodynanic material basis study.

20.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1013-1021, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660229

ABSTRACT

Objective Transcription factor forkhead box L 2 (FOXL2) is a key regulator of granulosa cells (GCs) estrogen syn-thesis and function maintenance .However, the FOXL2 protein expres-sion and function regulation mechanism are unknown .We explored how DNAJB11 regulates estrogen synthesis of granulosa cells with immunoprecipitation , immunofluorescent staining and luciferase re-porter gene. Methods The expression and localization of DNAJB 11 was detected by immunohistochemistry staining in isolated mouse ovary tissues .we use immunoprecipitation , immunofluorescence staining and luciferase reporter gene assay to investigate the mechanism of DNAJB11, a member of the endoplasmic reticulum Hsp 40 /DnaJ family, regulating the estrogen synthesis in granulosa cells . Results DNAJB11 is expressed in the mouse ovary and granulosa cells .Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) promotes DNAJB11 ex-pression in a time and concentration dependent manner and induces endogenous DNAJB 11 protein translocation from the ER to the nu-cleus in KGN cells.Moreover, Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of DNAJB11 did not affect the proliferation of granulosa cells .How-ever, the concentration of estrogen in granulosa cells was affected by concentration -dependent and subcellular localization-dependent manner (10749±801.7 pg/mL vs 14217±1218.0 pg/mL P<0.01).Immunoprecipitation assay confirmed that DNAJB11 binds to FOXL2 in granulosa cells .When overexpressed in the nucleus of granulosa cells , DNAJB11 could significantly enhance the stability of FOXL2 (P<0.05) and promote FOXL2-mediated activity of Cyp19A1 promoter (P<0.01), while the expression of DNAJB11 in the nucleus increased the expression of Cyp 19A1 protein by 1.5 times ( P<0.05) . Conclusion These results demonstrate that DNAJB 11 was a new binding molecule of transcription factor FOXL 2 and regulated FOXL 2 protein stability and transcription activity .

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